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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777960/utility-of-cement-injection-to-stabilize-split-depression-tibial-plateau-fracture-by-minimally-invasive-methods-a-finite-element-analysis
#1
D Belaid, T Vendeuvre, A Bouchoucha, F Brémand, C Brèque, P Rigoard, A Germaneau
BACKGROUND: Treatment for fractures of the tibial plateau is in most cases carried out by stable fixation in order to allow early mobilization. Minimally invasive technologies such as tibioplasty or stabilization by locking plate, bone augmentation and cement filling (CF) have recently been used to treat this type of fracture. The aim of this paper was to determine the mechanical behavior of the tibial plateau by numerically modeling and by quantifying the mechanical effects on the tibia mechanical properties from injury healing...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777950/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-prevention-of-chronic-post-surgical-pain-and-opioid-use-in-at-risk-veterans-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Lilian Dindo, M Bridget Zimmerman, Katherine Hadlandsmyth, Barbara StMarie, Jennie Embree, James Marchman, Toni Tripp-Reimer, Barbara Rakel
High levels of pain, significant anxiety, and/or depressive symptoms prior to surgery put patients at elevated risk forchronic pain and prolonged opioid use following surgery. The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess the efficacy of a one-day Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) workshop in "at-risk" Veterans for the prevention of chronic pain and opioid use following orthopedic surgery. In a randomized controlled trial, 88 at-risk Veterans undergoing orthopedic surgery were assigned to Treatment as Usual (TAU; N =44) or TAU plus a 1-day ACT workshop (N = 44)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776420/the-relationship-between-preoperative-psychological-evaluation-and-compensatory-sweating
#3
Huai-Yu Wang, Yan-Jun Zhu, Jie Liu, Li-Wei Li, Ying-Hui Liu
BACKGROUND: This study analyzes the relationship between preoperative psychological states of primary palmar hyperhidrosis patients and postoperative compensatory sweating. METHODS: We evaluated the psychological states of patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis who received sympathectomy in our hospital from 2016 to 2017. The relationship between preoperative psychological states and postoperative compensatory sweating were assessed using Spearman's rank-order correlation...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772867/-depressant-effect-of-lithium-on-apoptosis-of-nerve-cells-of-adult-rats-after-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Fang Wang, Chao Zhou, Zheng-Chao Gao, Yu-Huan Li, Wen-Long Yang, Dong Wang, Hao-Peng Li, Xi-Jing He
OBJECTIVE: To study whether lithium agent produces neuroprotective effect by inhibiting the nerve cell apoptosis of rats after spinal cord injury. METHODS: Forty-two male SD rats weighing 200 to 250 g were randomly divided into 3 groups: blank control group( n =6) without surgery, normal saline(NS) group( n =18) with intraperitoneal injection of NS (40 mg/kg); and Lithium chloride (Licl) group ( n =18) with intraperitoneal injection of Licl (40 mg/kg). After Allen method modeling, Licl group started intraperitoneal injection of Licl solution (40 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) within 15 min after operation to the second week...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766655/pre-surgical-surgical-and-post-surgical-experiences-of-weight-loss-surgery-patients-a-closer-look-at-social-determinants-of-health
#5
L P Johnson, F M Asigbee, R Crowell, A Negrini
Using a novel qualitative approach, Photovoice, researchers assessed social, psychological, physical and economic barriers encountered by patients of weight loss surgery. Applying the Photovoice approach and Williams' theory of narrative reconstruction for qualitative interviewing, the research team set out to investigate the bariatric patient experience from pre-surgery to hospitalization to post-surgery. Fifteen participants were given digital cameras and asked to take photographs that represented their weight loss journeys...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766459/cognitive-functioning-in-chiari-malformation-type-i-without-posterior-fossa-surgery
#6
Maitane García, Esther Lázaro, Juan Francisco López-Paz, Oscar Martínez, Manuel Pérez, Sarah Berrocoso, Mohammad Al-Rashaida, Imanol Amayra
Chiari Malformation type I (CM-I) is a neurological disorder characterized by a displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum into the spinal canal. Most research has focused on physical symptomatology but few studies include neuropsychological examinations. Moreover, although current research highlights the involvement of the cerebellum on higher cognitive functions, little is known about cognitive consequences associated with CM-I. The aim of this study is to analyze cognitive functioning between 39 CM-I patients and 39 healthy controls, matched by gender, age and years of education...
May 15, 2018: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761114/preoperative-promis-scores-predict-postoperative-outcomes-after-primary-acl-reconstruction
#7
Raymond E Chen, M Owen Papuga, Ilya Voloshin, Gregg T Nicandri, John P Goldblatt, Robert D Bronstein, Lucien M Rouse, Michael D Maloney
Background: PROMIS (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) scores in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction have not been fully described in the literature to date. The ability of preoperative patient-reported outcome scores to directly predict postoperative outcomes in patients who undergo primary ACL reconstruction is unknown. Hypothesis: Postoperative PROMIS physical function (PF), pain interference (PI), and depression (D) scores in patients who undergo ACL reconstruction will show improvement when compared with preoperative scores...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761007/behavioral-changes-induced-through-adenosine-a2a-receptor-ligands-in-a-rat-depression-model-induced-by-olfactory-bulbectomy
#8
Karla Margarita Padilla, Andres Quintanar-Setephano, Fabian López-Vallejo, Laura Cristina Berumen, Ricardo Miledi, Guadalupe García-Alcocer
Background: Major depressive disorders are characterized by their severity and long-lasting symptoms, which make such disorders highly disabling illnesses. Unfortunately, 50% of major depressive patients experience relapses, perhaps partly because drug research has been performed only in animal models that screen for antidepressant drugs that appear to only ameliorate acute depression symptoms. The bilateral olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) animal model presents the advantage of mimicking the symptoms of chronic depression by means of brain surgery...
May 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757454/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-treating-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Juan Va Franco, Tarek Turk, Jae Hung Jung, Yu-Tian Xiao, Stanislav Iakhno, Virginia Garrote, Valeria Vietto
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common disorder in which the two main clinical features are pelvic pain and lower urinary tract symptoms. There are currently many approaches for its management, using both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. The National Institute of Health - Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score is a validated measure commonly used to measure CP/CPPS symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological therapies for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS)...
May 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753617/patient-factors-associated-with-prolonged-postoperative-opioid-use-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Robert S Namba, Anshuman Singh, Elizabeth W Paxton, Maria C S Inacio
BACKGROUND: Pain persists in a moderate proportion of patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Identifying patient factors that are associated with persistent pain may lead to improved care. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to identify preoperative factors associated with increased opioid prescriptions after TKA. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of TKAs in an integrated health-care system (January 2008-December 2011) was conducted...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752992/radiosurgery-reduces-plasma-levels-of-angiogenic-factors-in-brain-arteriovenous-malformation-patients
#11
Ming Xu, Xiaoxia Liu, Guanghai Mei, Junjie Zhang, Weixing Wang, Hongzhi Xu
PURPOSE: Aberrant expression of angiogenic factors has been anecdotally documented in brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) nidus vessels; however, no data is available on the effect of radiosurgery on the levels of angiogenic factors in AVM patients. We sought to determine the plasma contents of VEGF, TGF-β, Ang-2 and bFGF in 28 brain AVM patients at baseline and post radiosurgery and further analyzed the relationship between plasma contents of these angiogenic factors with clinicopathologic variables of these patients...
May 9, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752721/can-endoscopic-resection-for-barrett-s-dysplasia-and-early-cancer-be-curative
#12
REVIEW
Shai Friedland, George Triadafilopoulos
Effective endoscopic treatments for dysplasia and early (intramucosal) cancer, together with expanded and rigorous screening programs to detect Barrett's esophagus, could help reverse the increase in the incidence of esophageal cancer and reduce esophageal cancer-related mortality. In this review, we discuss the long-term outcomes for mucosal resection for dysplasia and early cancer and compares them to esophagectomy as the standard of care choice. Eendoscopic resection for Barrett's dysplasia and early cancer can be curative but only when the lesion can be classified as: Paris type I (polypoid); Paris IIa (slightly elevated); Paris IIb (flat); Paris IIc (slightly depressed); histological grades G1 and G2; high-grade dysplasia...
May 11, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748707/risk-factors-of-recurrence-in-t1-colorectal-cancers-treated-by-endoscopic-resection-alone-or-surgical-resection-with-lymph-node-dissection
#13
Yuta Kouyama, Shin-Ei Kudo, Hideyuki Miyachi, Katsuro Ichimasa, Shingo Matsudaira, Masashi Misawa, Yuichi Mori, Toyoki Kudo, Takemasa Hayashi, Kunihiko Wakamura, Fumio Ishida, Shigeharu Hamatani
PURPOSE: The recurrence of T1 colorectal cancers is relatively rare, and the prognostic factors still remain obscure. This study aimed to clarify the risk factors for recurrence in patients with T1 colorectal cancers treated by endoscopic resection (ER) alone or surgical resection (SR) with lymph node dissection, respectively. METHODS: We reviewed 930 patients with resected T1 colorectal cancers (mean follow-up, 52.3 months). Patients were divided into two groups: those who underwent ER alone (298 cases), and those who underwent initial or additional SR with lymph node dissection (632 cases)...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747490/health-related-quality-of-life-perceived-social-support-and-depression-in-disease-free-survivors-who-underwent-curative-surgery-only-for-prostate-kidney-and-bladder-cancer-comparison-among-survivors-and-with-the-general-population
#14
Dong Wook Shin, Hyun Sik Park, Sang Hyub Lee, Seung Hyun Jeon, Seok Cho, Seok Ho Kang, Seung Chol Park, Jong Hyock Park, Jinsung Park
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of disease-free prostate (PC), kidney (KC), and bladder cancer (BC) survivors with that of the general population. Materials and Methods: Our study included 331 urological cancer (UC) survivors (114 PC, 108 KC, and 109 BC) aged ≥ 50 years disease-free for at least 1 year after surgery. The control group included 1,177 subjects without a history of cancer. The HRQoL was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30, the Duke-UNC Functional Social Support Questionnaire, and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9...
May 4, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741146/cognitive-outcomes-after-anterior-communicating-artery-aneurysm-repair
#15
Farshad Nassiri, Adriana M Workewych, Jetan H Badhiwala, Michael D Cusimano
Background The long-term cognitive and quality-of-life (QoL) outcomes after treatment of ruptured anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms are unknown. Methods Potential participants were all consecutive patients with ruptured ACoA aneurysms who were treated at one institution from July 1992 to December 2008. All potential participants were asked to complete the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ), Center for Epidemiology Studies-Depression (CES-D) questionnaire, Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire, and Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status-Modified (TICS-M)...
May 9, 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733094/safety-profile-of-intraoperative-methadone-for-analgesia-after-major-spine-surgery-an-observational-study-of-1-478-patients
#16
Lauren K Dunn, Sandeep Yerra, Shenghao Fang, Mark F Hanak, Maren K Leibowitz, Salome B Alpert, Siny Tsang, Marcel E Durieux, Edward C Nemergut, Bhiken I Naik
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of perioperative adverse events in patients receiving intravenous methadone for major spine surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective review of perioperative records from March 2011 and February 2016. SETTING: University of Virginia Healthsystem. PATIENTS: Adult patients undergoing elective spinal fusion of two or more levels. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of respiratory depression, time to extubation, hypotension, hypoxemia, reintubation, cardiac complications, and death...
March 2018: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729893/memantine-ameliorates-depressive-like-behaviors-by-regulating-hippocampal-cell-proliferation-and-neuroprotection-in-olfactory-bulbectomized-mice
#17
Kohei Takahashi, Osamu Nakagawasai, Wataru Nemoto, Shogo Kadota, Jinichi Isono, Takayo Odaira, Wakana Sakuma, Yuichiro Arai, Takeshi Tadano, Koichi Tan-No
Our previous study suggested that the non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist memantine (MEM) inhibits dopamine (DA) reuptake and turnover by inhibiting brain monoamine oxidase. Clinical studies have reported that MEM may improve depressive symptoms; however, specific mechanisms underlying this effect are unclear. We performed emotional behavior, tail suspension, and forced swimming tests to examine whether MEM has antidepressant effects in olfactory bulbectomized (OBX) mice, an animal model of depression...
May 3, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714460/factors-associated-with-social-anxiety-disorder-in-a-group-of-obese-turkish-female-patients
#18
Akatlı Kürşad Özşahin, Ebru Altıntaş
Background/aim: Mental disorders may accompany obesity. This study aims to evaluate the association between social anxiety disorder (SAD) and obesity and the risk factors for SAD in obese female patients. Materials and methods: A total of 114 obese patients and 110 healthy controls were included. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI I-II), and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) were administered to assess anxiety, depression, and social anxiety levels...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713679/risk-factors-for-advanced-duodenal-and-ampullary-adenomatosis-in-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-a-prospective-single-center-study
#19
M Sulbaran, F G Campos, U Ribeiro, H S Kishi, P Sakai, E G H de Moura, L Bustamante-López, M Tomitão, S C Nahas, I Cecconello, A V Safatle-Ribeiro
Background and study aims:  To determine the clinical features associated with advanced duodenal and ampullary adenomas in familial adenomatous polyposis. Secondarily, we describe the prevalence and clinical significance of jejunal polyposis. Patients and methods:  This is a single center, prospective study of 62 patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. Duodenal polyposis was classified according to Spigelman and ampullary adenomas were identified. Patients with Spigelman III and IV duodenal polyposis underwent balloon assisted enteroscopy...
May 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710229/association-of-celecoxib-use-with-decreased-opioid-requirements-after-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery-with-free-tissue-reconstruction
#20
Patrick S Carpenter, Hailey M Shepherd, Hilary McCrary, Vanessa Torrecillas, Amanda Kull, Jason P Hunt, Marcus M Monroe, Luke O Buchmann, Richard B Cannon
Importance: Head and neck cancer (HNC) surgery with free tissue reconstruction is associated with considerable postoperative pain. Opioids are typically used but can have adverse effects, including respiratory depression and high rates of dependence and addiction. Safe alternative analgesics that minimize opioid requirements are beneficial in HNC surgery. Objective: To investigate the association of celecoxib use with opioid requirements in the postoperative setting after HNC surgery with free tissue reconstruction...
April 18, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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