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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646562/argininosuccinate-synthase-1-ass1-a-marker-of-unclassified-hepatocellular-adenoma-and-high-bleeding-risk
#1
Elodie Henriet, Aya Abou Hammoud, Jean-William Dupuy, Benjamin Dartigues, Zakaria Ezzoukry, Nathalie Dugot-Senant, Thierry Leste-Lasserre, Nestor Pallares-Lupon, Macha Nikolski, Brigitte Le Bail, Jean-Frédéric Blanc, Charles Balabaud, Paulette Bioulac-Sage, Anne-Aurélie Raymond, Frédéric Saltel
Hepatocellular adenomas (HCA) are rare benign tumors divided into three main subgroups defined by patho-molecular features, HNF1A (H-HCA), mutated β-catenin (b-HCA) and inflammatory (IHCA). In the case of unclassified HCA (UHCA), which are currently identified by default, a high risk of bleeding remains a clinical issue. The objective of this study was to explore UHCA proteome with the aim to identify specific biomarkers. Following dissection of the tumoral (T) and non-tumoral (NT) tissue on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) from HCA tissue sections using laser capture methodology, we performed mass spectrometry analysis to compare T and NT protein expression levels in HCA, H-HCA, IHCA, b-HCA, UHCA and focal nodular hyperplasia...
June 23, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643793/genomic-rearrangements-in-sporadic-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-an-evolving-genetic-story
#2
Stephen J Murphy, Simone B Terra, Faye R Harris, Aqsa Nasir, Jesse S Voss, James B Smadbeck, Sarah H Johnson, Vishnu Serla, Jay H Ryu, Eunhee S Yi, Benjamin R Kipp, George Vasmatzis, Eva M Carmona
Sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis is a progressive pulmonary cystic disease resulting from the infiltration of smooth muscle-like lymphangioleiomyomatosis cells into the lung. The migratory/metastasizing properties of the lymphangioleiomyomatosis cell together with the presence of somatic mutations, primarily in the tuberous sclerosis complex gene (TSC2), lead many to consider this a low-grade malignancy. As malignant tumors characteristically accumulate somatic structural variations, which have not been well studied in sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis, we utilized mate pair sequencing to define structural variations within laser capture microdissected enriched lymphangioleiomyomatosis cell populations from five sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis patients...
June 23, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635135/the-gene-expression-landscape-of-pine-seedling-tissues
#3
Rafael A Cañas, Zhen Li, M Belén Pascual, Vanessa Castro-Rodríguez, Concepción Ávila, Lieven Sterck, Yves Van de Peer, Francisco M Cánovas
Conifers dominate vast regions of the Northern hemisphere. They are the main source of raw materials for timber industry as well as a wide range of biomaterials. Despite their inherent difficulties as experimental models for classical plant biology research, the technological advances in genomics research are enabling fundamental studies on these plants. The use of laser capture microdissection followed by transcriptomic analysis is a powerful tool for unravelling the molecular and functional organization of conifer tissues and specialized cells...
June 21, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633098/high-prevalence-of-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-surgical-intestinal-specimens-from-infants-with-necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-spontaneous-intestinal-perforation-a-retrospective-observational-study
#4
Soley Omarsdottir, Margret Agnarsdottir, Charlotte Casper, Abiel Orrego, Mireille Vanpée, Afsar Rahbar, Cecilia Söderberg-Nauclér
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe, often fatal gastrointestinal emergency that predominantly affects preterm infants, and there is evidence that neonatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection may in some cases contribute to its pathogenesis. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of CMV in infants with NEC. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy intestinal specimens from 61 infants with NEC, spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP), or related surgical complications were collected at Karolinska University Hospital and Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632533/investigation-of-two-prototypes-of-novel-noncontact-technologies-for-automated-real-time-capture-of-incremental-drug-administration-data-from-syringes
#5
Benjamin Eagle, David J Williams, John Dingley
BACKGROUND: An ideal electronic anesthesia recording system would be capable of not only recording physiological data but also injectable drug doses given, including those given incrementally from one syringe, without recourse to manual data entry. We compared 2 prototype devices which wirelessly recognized individual syringes and measured changes in their plunger positions via 2 different optical noncontact means, allowing calculation of incremental drug doses given. METHODS: Both devices incorporated a radio-frequency identification reader, which wirelessly read a unique code from a radio-frequency identification tag within syringe drug labels...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630924/capturing-the-radical-ion-pair-intermediate-in-dna-guanine-oxidation
#6
Jialong Jie, Kunhui Liu, Lidan Wu, Hongmei Zhao, Di Song, Hongmei Su
Although the radical ion pair has been frequently invoked as a key intermediate in DNA oxidative damage reactions and photoinduced electron transfer processes, the unambiguous detection and characterization of this species remain formidable and unresolved due to its extremely unstable nature and low concentration. We use the strategy that, at cryogenic temperatures, the transient species could be sufficiently stabilized to be detectable spectroscopically. By coupling the two techniques (the cryogenic stabilization and the time-resolved laser flash photolysis spectroscopy) together, we are able to capture the ion-pair transient G(+•)⋯Cl(-) in the chlorine radical-initiated DNA guanine (G) oxidation reaction, and provide direct evidence to ascertain the intricate type of addition/charge separation mechanism underlying guanine oxidation...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624221/mir-1290-is-a-biomarker-in-dna-mismatch-repair-deficient-colon-cancer-and-promotes-resistance-to-5-fluorouracil-by-directly-targeting-hmsh2
#7
Ling Ye, Tao Jiang, Huanzhang Shao, Lin Zhong, Zhaowen Wang, Yuan Liu, Huamei Tang, Bingyu Qin, Xiaoqing Zhang, Junwei Fan
5-Fluorouracil (5FU)-based adjuvant therapy is the first-line therapy for treating stage II and III colon cancer after surgery. However, its therapeutic efficacy is limited because of chemoresistance, especially in deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) colon cancer. Here, we first used laser capture microdissection to obtain purified cells from four dMMR and four proficient mismatch repair (pMMR) colon cancer tissues. Second, microRNA (miRNA) microarray chips were used to identify miRNAs that are differentially expressed between these two classes of tumors...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620228/a-sensory-material-approach-for-reducing-variability-in-additively-manufactured-metal-parts
#8
B E Franco, J Ma, B Loveall, G A Tapia, K Karayagiz, J Liu, A Elwany, R Arroyave, I Karaman
Despite the recent growth in interest for metal additive manufacturing (AM) in the biomedical and aerospace industries, variability in the performance, composition, and microstructure of AM parts remains a major impediment to its widespread adoption. The underlying physical mechanisms, which cause variability, as well as the scale and nature of variability are not well understood, and current methods are ineffective at capturing these details. Here, a Nickel-Titanium alloy is used as a sensory material in order to quantitatively, and rather rapidly, observe compositional and/or microstructural variability in selective laser melting manufactured parts; thereby providing a means to evaluate the role of process parameters on the variability...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617725/depth-profile-assessment-of-the-early-phase-deposition-of-lysozyme-on-soft-contact-lens-materials-using-a-novel-in-vitro-eye-model
#9
Han Qiao, Chau-Minh Phan, Hendrik Walther, Lakshman N Subbaraman, Lyndon Jones
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the location of fluorescently labeled lysozyme on commercial contact lenses (CLs) using an in vitro eye model that simulates tear volume, tear flow, air exposure, and mechanical wear. METHODS: One commercially available conventional hydrogel CL material (etafilcon A) and three silicone hydrogel CL materials (balafilcon A, lotrafilcon B, and senofilcon A) were evaluated in this study. The CLs were mounted on the in vitro eye model and exposed to artificial tear fluid containing fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled lysozyme for 2 and 10 hrs...
June 14, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614204/human-papillomavirus-hpv-genotypes-in-condylomas-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-invasive-carcinoma-of-the-penis-using-laser-capture-microdissection-lcm-pcr-a-study-of-191-lesions-in-43-patients
#10
María J Fernández-Nestosa, Nuria Guimerà, Diego F Sanchez, Sofía Cañete-Portillo, Elsa F Velazquez, David Jenkins, Wim Quint, Antonio L Cubilla
Laser capture microdissection-polymerase chain reaction (LCM-PCR) supported by p16 was used for the first time to demonstrate human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in histologically specific penile lesions, which were as follows: squamous hyperplasia (12 lesions, 10 patients), flat lesions (12 lesions, 5 patients), condylomas (26 lesions, 7 patients), penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PeIN) (115 lesions, 43 patients), and invasive squamous cell carcinomas (26 lesions, 26 patients). HPV was detected by whole-tissue section and LCM-PCR...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612040/double-shot-mev-electron-diffraction-and-microscopy
#11
P Musumeci, D Cesar, J Maxson
In this paper, we study by numerical simulations a time-resolved MeV electron scattering mode where two consecutive electron pulses are used to capture the evolution of a material sample on 10 ps time scales. The two electron pulses are generated by illuminating a photocathode in a radiofrequency photogun by two short laser pulses with adjustable delay. A streak camera/deflecting cavity is used after the sample to project the two electron bunches on two well separated regions of the detector screen. By using sufficiently short pulses, the 2D spatial information from each snapshot can be preserved...
July 2017: Structural Dynamics (Melville, N.Y.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609301/a-light-weight-compact-proton-gantry-design-with-a-novel-dose-delivery-system-for-broad-energetic-laser-accelerated-beams
#12
U Masood, T E Cowan, W Enghardt, K M Hofmann, L Karsch, F Kroll, U Schramm, J J Wilkens, J Pawelke
Proton beams may provide superior dose-conformity in radiation therapy. However, the large sizes and costs limit the widespread use of proton therapy (PT). The recent progress in proton acceleration via high-power laser systems has made it a compelling alternative to conventional accelerators, as it could potentially reduce the overall size and cost of the PT facilities. However, the laser-accelerated beams exhibit different characteristics than conventionally accelerated beams, i.e. very intense proton bunches with large divergences and broad-energy spectra...
July 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604611/eplerenone-resistant-salt-sensitive-hypertension-in-nedd4-2-c2-ko-mice
#13
Tabito Kino, Tomoaki Ishigami, Tsumugi Murata, Hiroshi Doi, Rie Nakashima-Sasaki, Lin Chen, Michiko Sugiyama, Kengo Azushima, Hiromichi Wakui, Shintaro Minegishi, Kouichi Tamura
The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) plays critical roles in maintaining fluid and electrolyte homeostasis and is located in the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron (ASDN). We previously found that Nedd4-2 C2 knockout (KO) mice showed salt-sensitive hypertension with paradoxically enhanced ENaC gene expression in ASDN under high oral salt intake. Eplerenone (EPL), a selective aldosterone blocker, is a promising therapeutic option for resistant or/and salt-sensitive hypertension. We examined the effect of EPL on Nedd4-2 C2 KO mice with respect to blood pressure, metabolic parameters, and molecular level changes in ASDN under high oral salt intake...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590835/a-pilot-study-on-the-evaluation-of-physicians-laser-delivery-performance-using-a-laser-beam-detection-kit
#14
Wooseok Koh, Hyoung-Woo Lim, Minwoo Cho, Dong-Hun Lee, Youdan Kim, Jin Ho Chung, Sungwan Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Many laser devices have been developed over the past decades for various skin conditions. However, variations in the technical skill of physicians for laser skin treatment delivery have not yet been evaluated. This study evaluates the differences in omission and overlap percentages during simulated laser hair removal treatments among physicians at two clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A laser beam detection kit was developed to record and collect laser irradiation from a diode laser device...
June 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589344/detecting-gene-expression-in-lymphoid-microenvironments-by-laser-microdissection-and-quantitative-rt-pcr
#15
Yang Zhang, Laura Garcia-Ibanez, Geoffrey Brown, Kai-Michael Toellner
Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is a valuable tool for measuring gene expression in cells and tissues. Unique challenges are encountered when studies are performed on cells microdissected from small specific areas of frozen animal or human tissue. This chapter describes the analysis of gene expression of chemokines and cytokines that are important for the differentiation and migration of germinal center (GC) derived plasmablasts/plasma cells and memory B cells by using laser capture microdissection (LCM) and qRT-PCR to examine tissue sections...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581894/identification-of-small-molecule-noncovalent-binders-utilizing-samdi-technology
#16
Erica C VanderPorten, Michael D Scholle, John Sherrill, John C Tran, Yichin Liu
In recent years, the ability to unambiguously identify complex mixtures of analytes with high accuracy and resolving power in a label-free format continues to expand the application of mass spectrometry (MS) in the drug discovery process. This advantage combined with improved instrumentation makes MS suitable for targets with limited alternative assays for high-throughput screening (HTS). We describe a novel screening format using Self-Assembled Monolayers and matrix-assisted laser Desorption Ionization (SAMDI) technology...
June 1, 2017: SLAS Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581490/assessment-of-tumor-characteristics-based-on-glycoform-analysis-of-membrane-tethered-muc1
#17
Atsushi Matsuda, Michiyo Higashi, Tomomi Nakagawa, Seiya Yokoyama, Atsushi Kuno, Suguru Yonezawa, Hisashi Narimatsu
Clinical tissue specimens are useful for pathological diagnosis, which is, in some cases, supported by visualization of biomolecule localization. In general, diagnostic specificity in molecular pathology is increased by the acquisition of a probe to distinguish the modification of isomers. Although glycosylation is one of the candidate modifications in a protein, comparative glycan analysis of disease-associated proteins derived from a single tissue section is still challenging because of the lack of analytical sensitivity...
June 5, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580277/expression-and-functional-assessment-of-candidate-type-2-diabetes-susceptibility-genes-identify-four-new-genes-contributing-to-human-insulin-secretion
#18
Fatou K Ndiaye, Ana Ortalli, Mickaël Canouil, Marlène Huyvaert, Clara Salazar-Cardozo, Cécile Lecoeur, Marie Verbanck, Valérie Pawlowski, Raphaël Boutry, Emmanuelle Durand, Iandry Rabearivelo, Olivier Sand, Lorella Marselli, Julie Kerr-Conte, Vikash Chandra, Raphaël Scharfmann, Odile Poulain-Godefroy, Piero Marchetti, François Pattou, Amar Abderrahmani, Philippe Froguel, Amélie Bonnefond
OBJECTIVES: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >100 loci independently contributing to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. However, translational implications for precision medicine and for the development of novel treatments have been disappointing, due to poor knowledge of how these loci impact T2D pathophysiology. Here, we aimed to measure the expression of genes located nearby T2D associated signals and to assess their effect on insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells...
June 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576707/development-of-transcripts-regulating-dendritic-spines-in-layer-3-pyramidal-cells-of-the-monkey-prefrontal-cortex-implications-for-the-pathogenesis-of-schizophrenia
#19
Samuel J Dienel, Holly H Bazmi, David A Lewis
Certain cognitive deficits in schizophrenia appear to emerge from altered postnatal development of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Dendritic spines on DLPFC layer 3 pyramidal cells are essential for certain cognitive functions, change in density over development, and are reduced in number in schizophrenia. Altered expression of molecular regulators of actin filament assembly and stability, which are essential for spine formation and maintenance, is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of spine deficits in the disease...
May 31, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560603/micro-rna-130a-3p-regulates-gemcitabine%C3%A2-resistance-via-pparg-in-cholangiocarcinoma
#20
Kei Asukai, Koichi Kawamoto, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Masamitsu Konno, Ayumu Asai, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Daisaku Yamada, Tadafumi Asaoka, Takehiro Noda, Hiroshi Wada, Kunihito Gotoh, Naohiro Nishida, Taroh Satoh, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori, Hideshi Ishii
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is so poor that its chemoresistance needs to be reduced. In this study, we focused on the microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with gemcitabine resistance of CCA and assessed the clinical significance of miRNAs and their target genes. METHODS: We performed miRNA microarray analysis for two CCA cell lines (CCLP-1 and MzChA-1) and their gemcitabine-resistant (GR) cells. An miR-130a-3p mimic was induced into CCA cells using lipofection, and we used pioglitazone as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) agonist in vitro...
May 30, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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