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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332072/medical-management-of-movement-disorders
#1
Marina Picillo, Renato P Munhoz
Pharmacological treatment is the cornerstone in the management of movement disorders. Although most available treatment options have no impact on the underlying process of each movement disorder, symptomatic therapies can significantly improve patient's quality of life and level of disability. Here, we review the current knowledge on clinical symptomatic management of Parkinson's disease (both early and advanced stages), essential tremor, dystonia, and chorea. Ideally, treatment should be carried out by specialists with reasonable experience in movement disorders, as it needs to be tailored for each patient depending on several appraisals, including but not limited to patients' needs, compliance issues, potential side effects, caregiver support, and presence of comorbidities...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332071/clinical-presentation-and-prognosis-of-common-movement-disorders
#2
Jennifer Han, Samay Jain
Great progress has been made in expanding our understanding of the natural history of movement disorders, leading to impressive advancements in their medical and surgical management. Movement disorders are a diverse group of diseases, varying widely in clinical characteristics and evolution. Some are monosymptomatic while others have associated motor and nonmotor features. Some are static while others follow a progressive course. This chapter will review common primary and secondary movement disorders: Parkinson disease and other forms of Parkinsonism, essential tremor and its differential diagnoses, dystonia and tic disorders...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327204/neuroprotective-effects-of-filgrastim-in-rotenone-induced-parkinson-s-disease-in-rats-insights-into-its-anti-inflammatory-neurotrophic-and-antiapoptotic-effects
#3
Mariama S Azmy, Esther T Menze, Reem N El-Naga, Mariane G Tadros
All current treatments of Parkinson's disease (PD) focus on enhancing the dopaminergic effects and providing symptomatic relief; however, they cannot delay the disease progression. Filgrastim, a recombinant methionyl granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, demonstrated neuroprotection in many neurodegenerative and neurological diseases. This study aimed to assess the neuroprotective effects of filgrastim in rotenone-induced rat model of PD and investigate the potential underlying mechanisms of filgrastim actions...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321405/reversible-parkinsonism-and-multiple-cerebral-infarctions-after-pulmonary-endarterectomy-in-a-patient-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#4
Mitsumasa Okano, Kazuhiko Nakayama, Naoki Tamada, Yuto Shinkura, Ken-Ichi Yanaka, Hiroyuki Onishi, Hidekazu Tanaka, Toshiro Shinke, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yutaka Okita, Noriaki Emoto, Ken-Ichi Hirata
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a cause of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and it is associated with an increased risk of postoperative neurological complications. We experienced a case of reversible parkinsonism after pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) and subsequent multiple cerebral infarctions under standard anticoagulation therapy in a patient with CTEPH associated with APS. Strict management using a combination of antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapy should be considered in patients with a high titer of triple antiphospholipid antibodies in the perioperative period...
January 11, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321159/impact-of-specialist-palliative-care-on-coping-with-parkinson-s-disease-patients-and-carers
#5
Nathan J Badger, Dorothy Frizelle, Debi Adams, Miriam J Johnson
OBJECTIVES: UK guidelines recommend palliative care access for people with Parkinson's disease; however, this remains sporadic, and it is unknown whether specialist palliative care helps patients and carers cope with this distressing condition. This study aimed to explore whether, and how, access to specialist palliative care services affected patients' and carers' coping with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted, audio-recorded and verbatim transcribed...
January 9, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318592/falls-in-cognitively-impaired-older-adults-implications-for-risk-assessment-and-prevention
#6
Manuel Montero-Odasso, Mark Speechley
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the role of cognition in falls, with potential implications for managing and preventing falls in older adults. DESIGN: Review. SETTING: Observational and interventional studies addressing the role of cognition on falls. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (65 years and older). MEASUREMENTS: The relationship between gait and cognition in aging and neurodegeneration was reviewed in the medical literature to highlight the role of brain motor control deficits in fall risk...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305691/the-capos-mutation-in-atp1a3-alters-na-k-atpase-function-and-results-in-auditory-neuropathy-which-has-implications-for-management
#7
Lisbeth Tranebjærg, Nicola Strenzke, Sture Lindholm, Nanna D Rendtorff, Hanne Poulsen, Himanshu Khandelia, Wojciech Kopec, Troels J Brünnich Lyngbye, Christian Hamel, Cecile Delettre, Beatrice Bocquet, Michael Bille, Hanne H Owen, Toke Bek, Hanne Jensen, Karen Østergaard, Claes Möller, Linda Luxon, Lucinda Carr, Louise Wilson, Kaukab Rajput, Tony Sirimanna, Katherine Harrop-Griffiths, Shamima Rahman, Barbara Vona, Julia Doll, Thomas Haaf, Oliver Bartsch, Hendrik Rosewich, Tobias Moser, Maria Bitner-Glindzicz
Cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, optic atrophy and sensorineural hearing impairment (CAPOS) is a rare clinically distinct syndrome caused by a single dominant missense mutation, c.2452G>A, p.Glu818Lys, in ATP1A3, encoding the neuron-specific alpha subunit of the Na+/K+-ATPase α3. Allelic mutations cause the neurological diseases rapid dystonia Parkinsonism and alternating hemiplegia of childhood, disorders which do not encompass hearing or visual impairment. We present detailed clinical phenotypic information in 18 genetically confirmed patients from 11 families (10 previously unreported) from Denmark, Sweden, UK and Germany indicating a specific type of hearing impairment-auditory neuropathy (AN)...
January 5, 2018: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305687/genetics-and-treatment-response-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-update-on-pharmacogenetic-studies
#8
REVIEW
Cristina Politi, Cinzia Ciccacci, Giuseppe Novelli, Paola Borgiani
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a progressive loss of dopamine neurons of the central nervous system. The disease determines a significant disability due to a combination of motor symptoms such as bradykinesia, rigidity and rest tremor and non-motor symptoms such as sleep disorders, hallucinations, psychosis and compulsive behaviors. The current therapies consist in combination of drugs acting to control only the symptoms of the illness by the replacement of the dopamine lost...
January 5, 2018: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305084/poor-nighttime-sleep-is-positively-associated-with-dyskinesia-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#9
Cheng-Jie Mao, Ya-Ping Yang, Ju-Ping Chen, Fen Wang, Jing Chen, Jin-Ru Zhang, Hui-Jun Zhang, Sheng Zhuang, Yi-Tong Xiong, Chen-Chen Gu, Wen Yuan, Juan-Ying Huang, Alexander Fay, Chong-Ke Zhong, Chun-Feng Liu
BACKGROUND: Dyskinesia is a troublesome complication of long-term dopaminergic medications in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Many factors are reported to be associated with dyskinesia in PD. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between sleep quality and dyskinesia in patients with PD. METHODS: Four hundred twenty-five patients with PD were enrolled in this study. Demographic information was collected. Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and Hoehn and Yahr (H-Y) stage scale were also performed...
December 21, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303679/teleneurology-for-veterans-in-a-major-metropolitan-area
#10
Steven S Schreiber
BACKGROUND: The recent growth in telehealth has been facilitated by the need to deliver healthcare to patients living in remote or rural areas. In contrast, the role of telehealth in more urban settings is less clear. A teleneurology program was established in 2011 at the Tibor Rubin VA Medical Center (TRVAMC) in Long Beach, California. A review of teleneurology encounters was conducted to assess the feasibility of applying this telehealth modality to patients with chronic neurological disorders living in an urban setting...
January 5, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290668/delayed-administration-and-contraindicated-drugs-place-hospitalized-parkinson-s-disease-patients-at-risk
#11
Matthew Grissinger
Inpatients with Parkinson's disease require precise medication management.
January 2018: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288853/evaluation-of-patient-perspectives-toward-awake-frame-based-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery
#12
Sharona Ben-Haim, Steven Falowski
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective therapeutic modality, however only a percentage of eligible patients undergo the procedure. OBJECTIVES: To study patients perspectives towards Deep-Brain Stimulation (DBS) surgery. METHODS: A survey was sent to 95 consecutive adult patients who underwent DBS surgery for Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, or dystonia with a 73% response rate(69 patients). Post-hoc analyses were performed evaluating factors that led to favorable outcomes...
December 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288631/gait-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Jessica M Baker
Walking is an extraordinarily complex task requiring integration of the entire nervous system, making gait susceptible to a variety of underlying neurological abnormalities. Gait disorders are particularly prevalent in the elderly and increase fall risk. In this review, we discuss an approach to the examination of gait, and highlight key features of common gait disorders and their underlying causes. We review gaits due to lesions of motor systems (spasticity and neuromuscular weakness), the cerebellum and sensory systems (ataxia), parkinsonism, and frontal lobes and discuss the remarkably diverse phenomenology of functional (psychogenic) gait disorders...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284823/schizophrenia-with-comorbid-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease-a-difficult-clinical-management-scenario
#14
Sandeep Grover, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Manoj Kumar Goyal
Comorbidity of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) and schizophrenia is an uncommon and rare scenario, which often poses a difficult and challenging situation for management. Both the disorders have completely opposite pathophysiology and treatment of one disorder with available pharmacological agents can pose a threat to the other disorder. The situation becomes graver and risk of adverse side effects increases when an individual presents at a later age with both these disorders along with compromised physical and mental health...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276766/challenges-to-ethically-managing-parkinson-disease-an-interview-study-of-patient-perspectives
#15
Shelagh T Shaw, Pirashanthie Vivekananda-Schmidt
This study investigated the current ethical issues in relation to recognizing and managing Parkinson disease (PD) from the patient's perspective. Methods: Twelve patients living with PD who were from the medical school's Patients as Educators program were recruited. Semistructured interviews were conducted to record patient experiences in order to identify potential ethical issues in relation to recognizing and managing PD. Thematic analysis was applied to the interview transcripts. Results: Four key themes emerged from the interviews...
December 2017: Journal of Patient Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275411/comorbid-conditions-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-population-based-study-of-statewide-parkinson-s-disease-registry
#16
Kerui Xu, Nada Alnaji, Jing Zhao, John M Bertoni, Li-Wu Chen, Danish Bhatti, Ming Qu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In 1996, Nebraska became the first state in the United States to establish a Parkinson's disease (PD) Registry. The objectives of this study were to determine the most common comorbid conditions among PD patients receiving inpatient and outpatient services in Nebraska between 2004 and 2012, and to examine whether PD patients had increased risks of these conditions. METHODS: Statewide linkage was performed between Nebraska PD Registry data and hospital discharge database...
December 22, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274834/espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-neurology
#17
Rosa Burgos, Irene Bretón, Emanuele Cereda, Jean Claude Desport, Rainer Dziewas, Laurence Genton, Filomena Gomes, Pierre Jésus, Andreas Leischker, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Kalliopi-Anna Poulia, Jean Charles Preiser, Marjolein Van der Marck, Rainer Wirth, Pierre Singer, Stephan C Bischoff
Neurological diseases are frequently associated with swallowing disorders and malnutrition. Moreover, patients with neurological diseases are at increased risk of micronutrient deficiency and dehydration. On the other hand, nutritional factors may be involved in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases. Multiple causes for the development of malnutrition in patients with neurological diseases are known including oropharyngeal dysphagia, impaired consciousness, perception deficits, cognitive dysfunction, and increased needs...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261511/biomechanistic-insights-into-the-roles-of-oxidative-stress-in-generating-complex-neurological-disorders
#18
Mohammad Yusuf, Maria Khan, Majed A Robaian, Riaz A Khan
Neurological diseases like Alzheimer's, epilepsy, Parkinsonism, depression, Huntington's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis prevailing globally are considered to be deeply influenced by oxidative stress based changes in the biochemical settings of the organs. The excess oxygen concentration triggers the production of reactive oxygen species and even the intrinsic antioxidant enzyme system, i.e., SOD, CAT and GSHPx fails to manage their levels and keep them under desirable limits. This consequently leads to oxidation of protein, lipids, and nucleic acids in the brain resulting in apoptosis, proteopathy, proteasomes and mitochondrion dysfunction, glial cell activation as well as neuroinflammation...
June 27, 2017: Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260540/conservative-management-of-adult-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#19
Paolo DI Benedetto, Enrico Finazzi-Agrò
Neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLTUD) is commonly encountered in neuro-rehabilitation settings and is caused by a variety of pathologies. The management of spinal cord injury (SCI) has been the model of reference for the approach to NLTUD due to many other diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. The decline in renal-related mortality in SCI patients after the introduction of clean intermittent catheterization in association with pharmacological treatment (antimuscarinics in particular), and the algorithms proposed since 1998 by the International Consultations on Incontinence underline the need of early assessment and treatment of urinary incontinence and/or urinary retention in neuropathic patients...
December 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251336/-bilateral-two-stage-implantation-for-deep-brain-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-bilateral-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease-clinical-outcomes
#20
C V Torres, L Lopez-Manzanares, M Navas-Garcia, J Pastor, L Vega-Zelaya, M A Garcia-Pallero, R G Sola
AIMS: Simultaneous bilateral implantation of electrodes in the subthalamic nucleus for idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) is associated with long surgery time, language disorders and post-operative confusion. Moreover, there is evidence of ipsilateral improvement after stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus. In order to optimise perioperative management a prospective study is conducted with deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the subthalamic nucleus in two consecutive unilateral procedures...
January 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
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