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Robot in general surgery

X F Guo, Z G Li
Robotic assisted surgery system is the most advanced minimally invasive surgical platform in the world, and this system has been widely used in cardiac surgery, urology surgery, gynecology surgery and general surgery. Although the application of this system was relative late in esophageal surgery, it has been developing vigorously. According to the research progress and practical experience in the world, robot assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) has the same safety and effectiveness as traditional open esophagectomy (OE) and thoracoscopic laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE)...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Sriram Garudeswaran, Sohyung Cho, Ikechukwu Ohu, Ali K Panahi
Recent technological progress offers the opportunity to significantly transform conventional open surgical procedures in ways that allow minimally invasive surgery (MIS) to be accomplished by specific operative instruments' entry into the body through key-sized holes rather than large incisions. Although MIS offers an opportunity for less trauma and quicker recovery, thereby reducing length of hospital stay and attendant costs, the complex nature of this procedure makes it difficult to master, not least because of the limited work area and constricted degree of freedom...
2018: Minimally Invasive Surgery
M Ballester, H Roman
Deep endometriosis with colorectal involvement is considered one of the most severe forms of the disease due to its impact on patients' quality of life and fertility but also by the difficulties encountered by the clinicians when proposing a therapeutic strategy. Although the literature is very rich, evidence based medicine remains poor explaining the great heterogeneity concerning the management of such patients. Surgery therefore remains a therapeutic option. It improves the intensity of gynecological, digestive and general symptoms and the quality of life...
March 10, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Jessica A Zaman, Tejender Paul Singh
Though laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) was highly criticized in its early stages, it quickly grew to become a new standard of care and has revolutionized the field of general surgery. Now emerging robotic technology is making its way into the minimally invasive arena. Robotic cholecystectomy (RC) is often disparaged as a costly technology that can lead to increased operative times with outcomes that are quite similar to LC. However, this perspective is skewed as many existing studies were performed in the early phase of learning for this procedure...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
Tomohide Hori, Daiki Yasukawa, Takafumi Machimoto, Yoshio Kadokawa, Toshiyuki Hata, Tatsuo Ito, Shigeru Kato, Yuki Aisu, Yusuke Kimura, Yuichi Takamatsu, Taku Kitano, Tsunehiro Yoshimura
Full-thickness rectal prolapse (FTRP) is generally believed to result from a sliding hernia through a pelvic fascial defect, or from rectal intussusception. The currently accepted cause is a pelvic floor disorder. Surgery is the only definitive treatment, although the ideal therapeutic option for FTRP has not been determined. Auffret reported the first FTRP surgery using a perineal approach in 1882, and rectopexy using conventional laparotomy was first described by Sudeck in 1922. Laparoscopy was first used by Bermann in 1992, and laparoscopic surgery is now used worldwide; robotic surgery was first described by Munz in 2004...
March 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Reed I Ayabe, Aaron B Parrish, Christine E Dauphine, Danielle M Hari, Junko J Ozao-Choy
BACKGROUND: It has become increasingly important to expose surgical residents to robotic surgery as its applications continue to expand. Single-site robotic cholecystectomy (SSRC) is an excellent introductory case to robotics. Resident involvement in SSRC is known to be feasible. Here, we sought to determine whether it is safe to introduce SSRC to junior residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 98 SSRC cases were performed by general surgery residents between August 2015 and August 2016...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Somayeh B Shafiei, Ahmed Aly Hussein, Sarah Feldt Muldoon, Khurshid A Guru
Mutual trust is important in surgical teams, especially in robot-assisted surgery (RAS) where interaction with robot-assisted interface increases the complexity of relationships within the surgical team. However, evaluation of trust between surgeons is challenging and generally based on subjective measures. Mentor-Trainee trust was defined as assessment of mentor on trainee's performance quality and approving trainee's ability to continue performing the surgery. Here, we proposed a novel method of objectively assessing mentor-trainee trust during RAS based on patterns of brain activity of surgical mentor observing trainees...
February 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hiroshige Nakamura, Tomohiro Haruki
As surgical robots have widely spread, verification of their usefulness in the general thoracic surgery field is required. The most favorable advantage of robot-assisted surgery is the markedly free movement of joint-equipped robotic forceps under 3-dimensional high-vision. Accurate operation makes complex procedures straightforward and may overcome weak points of previous thoracoscopic surgery. Robot-assisted surgery for lung cancer and mediastinal disease have been safely introduced and initial results have shown favorable...
January 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Michael Kennedy, Kaylene Barrera, Andrew Akelik, Yohannes Constable, Michael Smith, Paul Chung, Gainosuke Sugiyama
Background and Objectives: Ventral hernia repair is one of the most commonly performed general surgery procedures, and minimally invasive approaches are increasingly preferred. The physiologic repair offered by the preperitoneal approach is favorable, with reduced complications, but it remains a technical challenge. The robotic platform allows for enhanced instrument flexibility and ease of operation. We conducted a retrospective review of our experience with robotic transabdominal preperitoneal repair (rTAPP) versus robotic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (rIPOM) at a tertiary care hospital in an urban setting...
January 2018: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Jae Heon Kim, So Young Kim, Seok-Joong Yun, Jae Il Chung, Hoon Choi, Ho Song Yu, Yun-Sok Ha, In-Chang Cho, Hyung Joon Kim, Hyun Chul Chung, Jun Sung Koh, Wun-Jae Kim, Jong-Hyock Park, Ji Youl Lee
Purpose: This study aims to investigate the trend in medical travel by non-Seoul residents to Seoul for treatment of prostate cancer and also to investigate the possible factors affecting the trend. Materials and Methods: This study represents a retrospective cohort study using data from the Korean National Health Insurance System (KNHI) from 2002 to 2015. Annual trends were produced for proportions of patients who traveled according to the age group, economic status and types of treatment...
February 20, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Yongjin F Lee, Jeremy Albright, Warqaa M Akram, Juan Wu, Jane Ferraro, Robert K Cleary
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic conversion-to-open colorectal surgery is associated with worse outcomes when compared to operations completed without conversion. Consequences of robotic conversion have not yet been determined. The purpose of this study is to compare short-term outcomes of converted robotic colorectal cases with those that are completed without conversion, as well as with cases done by the open approach. METHODS: The ACS-NSQIP database was queried for patients who underwent robotic completed, robotic converted-to-open, and open colorectal resection between 2012 and 2015...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Brian S Peters, Priscila R Armijo, Crystal Krause, Songita A Choudhury, Dmitry Oleynikov
BACKGROUND: The use of laparoscopic and robotic procedures has increased in general surgery. Minimally invasive robotic surgery has made tremendous progress in a relatively short period of time, realizing improvements for both the patient and surgeon. This has led to an increase in the use and development of robotic devices and platforms for general surgery. The purpose of this review is to explore current and emerging surgical robotic technologies in a growing and dynamic environment of research and development...
February 13, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Raffaele Nuzzi, Luca Brusasco
Background: Robot-assisted surgery has revolutionized many surgical subspecialties, mainly where procedures have to be performed in confined, difficult to visualize spaces. Despite advances in general surgery and neurosurgery, in vivo application of robotics to ocular surgery is still in its infancy, owing to the particular complexities of microsurgery. The use of robotic assistance and feedback guidance on surgical maneuvers could improve the technical performance of expert surgeons during the initial phase of the learning curve...
2018: Eye and Brain
Emily Hinchcliff, Isabel Green, Christopher Destephano, Mary Cox, Douglas Smink, Amanika Kumar, Erik Hokenstad, Joan Bengtson, Sarah Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if visuospatial perception (VSP) testing is correlated to simulated or intraoperative surgical performance as rated by the American College of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones. DESIGN: Classification II-2 SETTING: Two academic training institutions PARTICIPANTS: 41 residents, including 19 Brigham and Women's Hospital and 22 Mayo Clinic residents from three different specialties (OBGYN, general surgery, urology). INTERVENTION: Participants underwent three different tests: visuospatial perception testing (VSP), Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS®) peg transfer, and DaVinci robotic simulation peg transfer...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Peter A Walker, Audriene C May, Jiandi Mo, Deepa V Cherla, Monica Rosales Santillan, Steven Kim, Heidi Ryan, Shinil K Shah, Erik B Wilson, Shawn Tsuda
BACKGROUND: The utilization of robotic platforms for general surgery procedures such as hernia repair is growing rapidly in the United States. A limited amount of data are available evaluating operative outcomes in comparison to standard laparoscopic surgery. We completed a retrospective review comparing robotic and laparoscopic ventral hernia repair to provide safety and outcomes data to help design a future prospective trial design. METHODS: A retrospective review of 215 patients undergoing ventral hernia repair (142 robotic and 73 laparoscopic) was completed at two large academic centers...
February 6, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
S Struk, Q Qassemyar, N Leymarie, J-F Honart, H Alkhashnam, K De Fremicourt, A Conversano, J-B Schaff, F Rimareix, F Kolb, B Sarfati
Robot-assisted surgery is more and more widely used in urology, general surgery and gynecological surgery. The interest of robotics in plastic and reconstructive surgery, a discipline that operates primarily on surfaces, has yet to be conclusively proved. However, the initial applications of robotic surgery in plastic and reconstructive surgery have been emerging in a number of fields including transoral reconstruction of posterior oropharyngeal defects, nipple-sparing mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction, microsurgery, muscle harvesting for pelvic reconstruction and coverage of the scalp or the extremities...
February 2, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Samy Lachkar, Jean-Marc Baste, Luc Thiberville, Christophe Peillon, Philippe Rinieri, Nicolas Piton, Florian Guisier, Mathieu Salaun
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery of pulmonary nodules allows suboptimal palpation of the lung compared to open thoracotomy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess endoscopic pleural dye marking using radial endobronchial ultrasound (r-EBUS) and virtual bronchoscopy to localize small peripheral lung nodules immediately before minimally invasive resection. METHODS: The endoscopic procedure was performed without fluoroscopy, under general anesthesia in the operating room immediately before minimally invasive surgery...
January 25, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Sinan Khadhouri, Catherine Miller, Sarah Fowler, Luke Hounsome, Alan McNeill, Jim Adshead, John S McGrath
OBJECTIVES: To describe contemporary radical prostatectomy (RP) practice using the British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) data and audit project and to observe differences in practice in relation to surgeon or centre case volume. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data on 13,920 Radical Prostatectomy (RP) procedures performed by 178 surgeons across 86 centres were recorded on the BAUS data and audit platform between 1st January 2014 and 31st December 2015. This equates to approximately 95% of total RPs performed over this period when compared to HES (Hospital Episode Statistics) data...
February 1, 2018: BJU International
Antonio Giuliani, Graziano Ceccarelli, Aldo Rocca
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery has gained wide acceptance in many institutions. Complex surgery such as pancreatic resections delayed its diffusion due to high rate postoperative complications and technical aspects. While for pancreaticoduodenctomy the role of a minimally invasive approach is still on debate. Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy may be considered a safe procedure and a valid alternative in selected cases. The operating time, learning curve and the costs represent major drawbacks for the laparoscopic approach...
January 23, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
K C Zhang, B Wei, H Q Xi, J X Cui, J Y Li, Y H Gao, W Q Liang, C Hu, Y Liu, X H Huang, L Chen
Objective: To compare the short-term and long-term outcome between robotic gastrectomy and laparoscopic gastrectomy. Methods: The clinical data of 517 patients who had received robotic gastectomy and laparoscopic gastrectomy between December 2011 and December 2013 at Department of General Surgery, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital was collected. After propensity score matching, 70 patients in robotic gastectomy and 70 patients in laparoscopic gastectomy were identified. Perioperative outcome and overall survival were compared between the two groups using t test, χ(2) test, Kaplan-Meier curve and Log-rank test, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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