Read by QxMD icon Read

Robot in general surgery

Nathaniel Stoikes, David Webb, Guy Voeller
The use of the da Vinci robot for inguinal and ventral hernia repair has exponentially increased over the last five years. This increase is occurring in spite of historical cost analyses showing robotic surgery to be cost prohibitive for other general surgery procedures. Specific data regarding outcomes and cost analysis for hernia is lacking. The increase in robotic hernia repairs is likely related to intangible factors such as enhanced visualization, articulating instruments, and hospital resources. Further study of robotic hernia repair is needed prospectively as its use increases to delineate the true benefits...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Giovanni Fantola, Laurent Brunaud, Phi-Linh Nguyen-Thi, Adeline Germain, Ahmet Ayav, Laurent Bresler
The feasibility and safety of robotically assisted procedures in general surgery have been reported from various groups worldwide. Because postoperative complications may lead to longer hospital stays and higher costs overall, analysis of risk factors for postoperative surgical complications in this subset of patients is clinically relevant. The goal of this study was to identify risk factors for postoperative morbidity after robotic surgical procedures in general surgery. We performed an observational monocentric retrospective study...
September 30, 2016: Updates in Surgery
Rodolfo J Oviedo, Jarrod C Robertson, Sharifah Alrajhi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The general surgeon's robotic learning curve may improve if the experience is classified into categories based on the complexity of the procedures in a small community hospital. The intraoperative time should decrease and the incidence of complications should be comparable to conventional laparoscopy. The learning curve of a single robotic general surgeon in a small community hospital using the da Vinci S platform was analyzed. METHODS: Measured parameters were operative time, console time, conversion rates, complications, surgical site infections (SSIs), surgical site occurrences (SSOs), length of stay, and patient demographics...
July 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Cedrick Zaouter, Thomas M Hemmerling, Romain Lanchon, Emanuela Valoti, Alain Remy, Sébastien Leuillet, Alexandre Ouattara
BACKGROUND: In this pilot study, we tested a novel automatic anesthesia system for closed-loop administration of IV anesthesia drugs for cardiac surgical procedures with cardiopulmonary bypass. This anesthesia drug delivery robot integrates all 3 components of general anesthesia: hypnosis, analgesia, and muscle relaxation. METHODS: Twenty patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were enrolled. Propofol, remifentanil, and rocuronium were administered using closed-loop feedback control...
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Wenjie Zhong, Pascal Mancuso
INTRODUCTION: Virtual reality is an increasingly popular surgical training tool in Australia, following the introduction of Australia's first virtual reality simulation machine at Liverpool Hospital, Sydney. This literature review aims at identifying gaps in previous studies, and in providing a comprehensive review of future studies to be further developed in Australia. METHOD: A multi-field research was performed combining the key terms 'uro*' and 'virtua*' and 'simula*' and 'robo*'...
September 16, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
Qing-Qing He, Jian Zhu, Da-Yong Zhuang, Zi-Yi Fan, Lu-Ming Zheng, Peng Zhou, Lei Hou, Fang Yu, Yan-Ning Li, Lei Xiao, Xue-Feng Dong, Gao-Feng Ni
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of the patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma are young women. Therefore, minimally invasive endoscopic thyroidectomy with central neck dissection (CND) emerged and showed well-accepted results with improved cosmetic outcome, accelerated healing, and comforting the patients. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of robotic total thyroidectomy with CND via bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA), compared with conventional open procedure in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Kevin Brown, Natalie Mosley, James Tierney
Virtual reality simulators are increasingly used to gain robotic surgical skills. This study compared use of the da Vinci Surgical Skills Simulator (dVSSS) to the standard da Vinci (SdV) robot for skills acquisition in a prospective randomized study. Residents from urology, gynecology, and general surgery programs performed three virtual reality tasks (thread the ring, ring rail, and tubes) on the dvSSS. Participants were then randomized to one of the two study groups (dVSSS and SdV). Each participant then practiced on either the dVSSS or the SdV (depending on randomization) for 30 min per week over a 4-week time period...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
J-L Faucheron, B Trilling, S Barbois, P-Y Sage, P-A Waroquet, F Reche
BACKGROUND: Ventral rectopexy to the promontory has become one of the most strongly advocated surgical treatments for patients with full-thickness rectal prolapse and deep enterocele. Despite its challenges, laparoscopic ventral rectopexy with or without robotic assistance for selected patients can be performed with relatively minimal patient trauma thus creating the potential for same-day discharge. The aim of this prospective case-controlled study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and cost of day case robotic ventral rectopexy compared with routine day case laparoscopic ventral rectopexy...
October 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
G P Liu, M Yang, C S Xiao, G Wang, J L Wang, Y Wang, C Q Gao
OBJECTIVE: To summarize surgical experience during the conduction of robotic mitral valve repair and evaluate the long-term follow-up results. METHODS: From January 2007 to September 2014, 110 consecutive patients underwent robotic mitral valve repair under da Vinci Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical, USA) in Chinese PLA General Hospital were enrolled. The age of the patients was 14 to 65(45±12) years old. The male to female ratio was 2.3∶1. Among them, 95.5%(105/110) of the cases was diagnosed as mitral regurgitation and 4...
August 2, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Lorna A Brudie, Faizan Khan, Michael J Radi, Sarfraz Ahmad
Endometrial serous carcinomas are very clinically aggressive, which constitutes 40% of all deaths and recurrences associated with endometrial cancer. Small-cell carcinoma of the endometrium is relatively rare but aggressive, and often presents a component of endometrioid carcinoma, and is not generally associated with serous carcinoma. Herein, we report a case of 74-year-old African-American female, who presented with intermittent post-menopausal bleeding for > 1-month. She underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, sentinel lymph node mapping, and pelvic-and-aortic lymphadenectomy...
August 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
David S Strosberg, Michelle C Nguyen, Peter Muscarella, Vimal K Narula
INTRODUCTION: Robotic-assisted surgery is gaining popularity in general surgery. Our objective was to evaluate and compare operative outcomes and total costs for robotic cholecystectomy (RC) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A retrospective review was performed for all patients who underwent single-procedure RC and LC from January 2011 to July 2015 by a single surgeon at a large academic medical center. Demographics, diagnosis, perioperative variables, postoperative complications, 30-day readmissions, and operative and hospital costs were collected and analyzed between those patient groups...
August 5, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
A Ukere, A März, K H Wodack, C J Trepte, A Haese, A D Waldmann, S H Böhm, D A Reuter
BACKGROUND: Lung-protective ventilation is claimed to be beneficial not only in critically ill patients, but also in pulmonary healthy patients undergoing general anaesthesia. We report the use of electrical impedance tomography for assessing regional changes in ventilation, during both spontaneous breathing and mechanical ventilation, in patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. METHODS: We performed electrical impedance tomography measurements in 39 patients before induction of anaesthesia in the sitting (M1) and supine position (M2), after the start of mechanical ventilation (M3), during capnoperitoneum and Trendelenburg positioning (M4), and finally, in the supine position after release of capnoperitoneum (M5)...
August 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Hiroshige Nakamura, Yuji Taniguchi
As surgical robots have widely spread, verification of their usefulness in the general thoracic surgery field is required. The most favorable advantage of robotic surgery is the markedly free movement of joint-equipped robotic forceps under three-dimensional high-vision. Accurate operation makes complex procedures straightforward and may overcome weak points of previous thoracoscopic surgery. Robotic surgery for lung cancer has been safely introduced and initial results have shown favorable. It is still at the stage of clinical research, but is expected to take its usefulness in the procedure of hilar exposure, lymph node dissection and the suturing of lung parenchyma or bronchus...
July 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
A Gangemi, R Danilkowicz, F E Elli, F Bianco, M Masrur, P C Giulianotti
Comparative studies between robotic and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) focus heavily on economic considerations under the assumption of comparable clinical outcomes. Advancement of the robotic technique and the further widespread use of this approach suggest a need for newer comparison studies. 676 ICG-aided robotic cholecystectomies (ICG-aided RC) performed at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) Division of General, Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery were compiled retrospectively. Additionally, 289 LC were similarly obtained...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Charlotte Ngô, Caroline Cornou, Léa Rossi, Anne-Sophie Bats, Chérazade Bensaid, Albane Frati, Claude Nos, Fabrice Lécuru
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Robotically assisted laparoscopy has been introduced in the armamentarium of gynaecologic oncology surgeons. A lot of studies compared robotic surgery and laparotomy when the real issue is to demonstrate the interest and added value of robotically assisted laparoscopy versus standard laparoscopy. In this review, we will describe the most meaningful indications and advantages of robotically assisted laparoscopy in gynaecologic oncology. RECENT FINDINGS: The learning curve for advanced procedures in robot-assisted laparoscopy is shorter and easier than with the standard laparoscopy, especially for beginners...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Oncology
Francesco Frosini, Roberto Miniati, Saverio Grillone, Fabrizio Dori, Guido Biffi Gentili, Andrea Belardinelli
OBJECTIVES: The Following study proposes and tests an integrated methodology involving Health Technology Assessment (HTA) and Failure Modes, Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA) for the assessment of specific aspects related to robotic surgery involving safety, process and technology. METHODS: The integrated methodology consists of the application of specific techniques coming from the HTA joined to the aid of the most typical models from reliability engineering such as FMEA/FMECA...
July 8, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Daniel Hartmann, Benedikt Kaufmann, Helmut Friess
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Surgery for pancreatic diseases is one of the most studied fields in general surgery and continues to evolve. This review focuses on recent advances in pancreatic surgery and summarizes the published research. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgery for pancreatic diseases is an evolving field with a wide range of innovations. Especially, contributions by high-volume pancreas centers have greatly improved outcomes in pancreatic surgery. In chronic pancreatitis, recent studies demonstrate that early surgical treatment should be favored over repeated endoscopic interventions, and local organ-preserving resection techniques should be preferred over classic Whipple resection...
July 15, 2016: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Constance Deboudt, Marie-Aimée Perrouin-Verbe, Loic Le Normand, Brigitte Perrouin-Verbe, François Buge, Jérôme Rigaud
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the morbidity and mortality of cystectomy-ileal conduit urinary diversion in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction according to the surgical approach, and to evaluate predictive factors of early and late morbidity. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective study based on 65 patients operated between May 2005 and December 2011. The surgical approach consisted of: laparotomy (n = 11), laparoscopy (n = 14) and robotic (n = 40)...
July 17, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Maxime Delavallée, Julien Delaunois, Jean Ruwet, Anne Jeanjean, Christian Raftopoulos
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the sub-thalamic nucleus (STN) is a recognised treatment for advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). We present our results of 10 consecutive patients implanted under general anaesthesia (GA) using intraoperative robotic three-dimensional (3D) fluoroscopy (Artis Zeego; Siemens, Erlangen, Germany). METHOD: Ten patients (nine men, one woman) with a mean age of 57.6 (range, 41-67) years underwent surgery between October 2013 and January 2015...
September 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Suzanne Forsyth Herling
This thesis contains four studies all focusing on women with endometrial cancer undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy (RALH). Women with endometrial cancer are typically elderly with co-morbidities. RALH is a relatively new treatment option which has been introduced and adopted over the last decade without randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to prove superiority over other surgical alternatives. The purpose of the thesis was to explore and describe patient and health economic outcomes of RALH for women with endometrial cancer using different research approaches...
July 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"