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Robot in general surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908471/-removal-and-transplant-synchronised-surgical-procedures
#1
Jacques Hubert, Luc Frimat
Since 2001, the team of the organ and tissue procurement unit of Nancy general hospital has practised the minimally invasive laparoscopic organ removal procedure through robot-assisted surgery. Here the team shares its expertise in the area of kidney removal from a living donor. Perfectly synchronised with the procedure of the team in charge of the transplant, the surgical stages are carried out in sequence ensuring optimal safety for the donor and recipient.
December 2016: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906718/anesthesia-for-nonintubated-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#2
Hiroshi Sunaga, Justin D Blasberg, Paul M Heerdt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses primarily on nonintubated video-assisted thoracic surgery (NIVATS), and discusses advantages, indications, anesthetic techniques, and approaches to intraoperative crisis management. RECENT FINDINGS: Advancements in endoscopic, endovascular, and robotic techniques have expanded the range of surgical procedures that can be performed in a minimally invasive fashion. For thoracic operations in particular, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has largely replaced traditional thoracotomy, and continued technical development has made surgical access into the pleural space even less disruptive...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905087/robot-assisted-surgery-in-elderly-and-very-elderly-population-our-experience-in-oncologic-and-general-surgery-with-literature-review
#3
Graziano Ceccarelli, Enrico Andolfi, Alessia Biancafarina, Aldo Rocca, Maurizio Amato, Marco Milone, Marta Scricciolo, Barbara Frezza, Egidio Miranda, Marco De Prizio, Andrea Fontani
BACKGROUND: Although there is no agreement on a definition of elderly, commonly an age cutoff of ≥65 or 75 years is used. Nowadays most of malignancies requiring surgical treatment are diagnosed in old population. Comorbidities and frailty represent well-known problems during and after surgery in elderly patients. Minimally invasive surgery offers earlier postoperative mobilization, less blood loss, lower morbidity as well as reduction in hospital stay and as such represents an interesting and validated option for elderly population...
November 30, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884677/mastery-based-virtual-reality-robotic-simulation-curriculum-the-first-step-toward-operative-robotic-proficiency
#4
Melissa E Hogg, Vernissia Tam, Mazen Zenati, Stephanie Novak, Jennifer Miller, Amer H Zureikat, Herbert J Zeh
OBJECTIVE: Hepatobiliary surgery is a highly complex, low-volume specialty with long learning curves necessary to achieve optimal outcomes. This creates significant challenges in both training and measuring surgical proficiency. We hypothesize that a virtual reality curriculum with mastery-based simulation is a valid tool to train fellows toward operative proficiency. This study evaluates the content and predictive validity of robotic simulation curriculum as a first step toward developing a comprehensive, proficiency-based pathway...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875120/new-frontiers-in-robotic-surgery-the-latest-high-tech-surgical-tools-allow-for-superhuman-sensing-and-more
#5
Michele Solis
Over the past 30 years, robots have become standard fixtures in operating rooms. During brain surgery, a NeuroMate robot may guide a neurosurgeon to a target within the pulsing cortex. In orthopedics, a Mako robot sculpts and drills bone during knee and hip replacement surgery. Dominating the general surgery field is the da Vinci robot, a multiarmed device that allows surgeons to conduct precise movements of tools through small incisions that they could not manage with their own hands.
November 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871544/comparison-of-anesthetic-management-and-outcomes-of-robot-assisted-vs-pure-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#6
Hiroshi Yonekura, Hiroyuki Hirate, Kazuya Sobue
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Limited data are available regarding the anesthetic management and outcome of patients undergoing pure laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and robotic-assisted LRP (RALP). Therefore, our primary objective was to compare the anesthetic management between these 2 groups. Our secondary objective was to determine the incidence of adverse outcomes associated with RALP, which requires an extreme Trendelenburg position. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868101/simultaneous-retroperitoneal-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-and-hepatectomy-for-synchronous-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-cirrhotic-patient
#7
Khaa Hoo Ong, Steven Kuan-Hua Huang, Chia-Sheng Yen, Yu-Feng Tian, Ding-Ping Sun
Background: The development of laparoscopic and robotic surgeries represents the modern era with the objective of improving patient outcomes; this surgical method is widespread in urology and general surgery. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic/robotic surgery is common in urologic surgery, but not in liver surgery. Tumors located in the posterosuperior aspect of the liver are difficult to access using a transperitoneal approach, and control of bleeding can also be difficult, especially in patients with cirrhosis...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862825/competency-based-training-in-robotic-surgery-benchmark-scores-for-virtual-reality-robotic-simulation
#8
N Raison, K Ahmed, N Fossati, N Buffi, A Mottrie, P Dasgupta, H van der Poel
OBJECTIVES: To develop benchmark scores of competency for use within a competency-based virtual reality (VR) robotic training curriculum. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This longitudinal, observational study analysed results from 9 EAU hands-on-training courses in VR simulation. 223 participants ranging from novice to expert robotic surgeons completed 1565 exercises. Competency was set at 75% of the mean expert score. Benchmark scores for all general performances metrics generated by the simulator were calculated...
November 10, 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830431/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-assistant-s-seniority-has-no-influence-on-perioperative-course
#9
Yasmin Abu-Ghanem, Tomer Erlich, Jacob Ramon, Zohar Dotan, Dorit E Zilberman
An experienced surgical team, in general, and the surgeon assistant in particular are believed to play a critical role in the operation's safety and success. We sought to explore whether the assistant's seniority influences perioperative course following robot assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). We reviewed our prospective registry database of RALP cases performed by a single surgeon who during the study period was beyond his learning curve. The following parameters were documented and analyzed: patient's age, body mass index (BMI), associated comorbidities, previous abdominal surgeries, assistant's identity, total and skin-to-skin operative time (tOT, ssOT, respectively), estimated blood loss (EBL), immediate post-operative complications, length of stay (LOS), and prostate weight per final pathology report...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812904/clinical-comparison-of-robotic-laparoscopic-and-open-hysterectomy-procedures-for-endometrial-cancer-patients
#10
Lynette Johnson, W Douglas Bunn, Loan Nguyen, Jessica Rice, Minakshi Raj, Mary J Cunningham
The goal of this study was to compare outcomes for robotic, laparoscopic, and open hysterectomy procedures for endometrial cancer as well as to investigate whether specific patient demographic, comorbidity, and severity variables were associated with the type of hysterectomy performed. A retrospective review was conducted of hysterectomy procedures for patients discharged from October 1, 2008 and September 30, 2012. Preoperative characteristics included age, BMI, number of past abdominal surgeries, and comorbidities...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778491/feasibility-of-robot-assisted-segmental-ureterectomy-and-ureteroureterostomy-in-patient-with-high-medical-comorbidity
#11
Ali Abdel Raheem, Atalla Alatawi, Dae Keun Kim, Abulhasan Sheikh, Koon Ho Rha
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Nephroureterectomy remains the gold standard treatment option for upper tract tumors. However, segmental ureterectomy may be another option in patients with single kidney, borderline renal function or high medical comorbidities. The aim of this video is to assess the feasibility of robotic surgery as a minimally invasive technique in treatment of a high comorbid patient with ureteric tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-year old male patient, with a medical history of chronic hypertensive and uncontrolled Diabetes Mellitus, was referred to our department for treatment of ureteric tumor...
October 20, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773810/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-pelvic-pain-after-mesh-implant-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-pelvic-floor-disorders
#12
Elizabeth J Geller, Emma Babb, Andrea G Nackley, Denniz Zolnoun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess incidence and risk factors for pelvic pain after pelvic mesh implantation. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Single university hospital. PATIENTS: Women who have undergone surgery with pelvic mesh implant for treatment of pelvic floor disorders including prolapse and incontinence. INTERVENTIONS: Telephone interviews to assess pain, sexual function, and general health...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728950/robotic-hernia-repair
#13
Nathaniel Stoikes, David Webb, Guy Voeller
The use of the da Vinci robot for inguinal and ventral hernia repair has exponentially increased over the last five years. This increase is occurring in spite of historical cost analyses showing robotic surgery to be cost prohibitive for other general surgery procedures. Specific data regarding outcomes and cost analysis for hernia is lacking. The increase in robotic hernia repairs is likely related to intangible factors such as enhanced visualization, articulating instruments, and hospital resources. Further study of robotic hernia repair is needed prospectively as its use increases to delineate the true benefits...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696276/risk-factors-for-postoperative-complications-in-robotic-general-surgery
#14
Giovanni Fantola, Laurent Brunaud, Phi-Linh Nguyen-Thi, Adeline Germain, Ahmet Ayav, Laurent Bresler
The feasibility and safety of robotically assisted procedures in general surgery have been reported from various groups worldwide. Because postoperative complications may lead to longer hospital stays and higher costs overall, analysis of risk factors for postoperative surgical complications in this subset of patients is clinically relevant. The goal of this study was to identify risk factors for postoperative morbidity after robotic surgical procedures in general surgery. We performed an observational monocentric retrospective study...
September 30, 2016: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667913/first-101-robotic-general-surgery-cases-in-a-community-hospital
#15
Rodolfo J Oviedo, Jarrod C Robertson, Sharifah Alrajhi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The general surgeon's robotic learning curve may improve if the experience is classified into categories based on the complexity of the procedures in a small community hospital. The intraoperative time should decrease and the incidence of complications should be comparable to conventional laparoscopy. The learning curve of a single robotic general surgeon in a small community hospital using the da Vinci S platform was analyzed. METHODS: Measured parameters were operative time, console time, conversion rates, complications, surgical site infections (SSIs), surgical site occurrences (SSOs), length of stay, and patient demographics...
July 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644009/the-feasibility-of-a-completely-automated-total-iv-anesthesia-drug-delivery-system-for-cardiac-surgery
#16
Cedrick Zaouter, Thomas M Hemmerling, Romain Lanchon, Emanuela Valoti, Alain Remy, Sébastien Leuillet, Alexandre Ouattara
BACKGROUND: In this pilot study, we tested a novel automatic anesthesia system for closed-loop administration of IV anesthesia drugs for cardiac surgical procedures with cardiopulmonary bypass. This anesthesia drug delivery robot integrates all 3 components of general anesthesia: hypnosis, analgesia, and muscle relaxation. METHODS: Twenty patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were enrolled. Propofol, remifentanil, and rocuronium were administered using closed-loop feedback control...
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631077/utilization-and-surgical-skill-transferability-of-the-simulator-robot-to-the-clinical-robot-for-urology-surgery
#17
Wenjie Zhong, Pascal Mancuso
INTRODUCTION: Virtual reality is an increasingly popular surgical training tool in Australia, following the introduction of Australia's first virtual reality simulation machine at Liverpool Hospital, Sydney. This literature review aims at identifying gaps in previous studies, and in providing a comprehensive review of future studies to be further developed in Australia. METHOD: A multi-field research was performed combining the key terms 'uro*' and 'virtua*' and 'simula*' and 'robo*'...
September 16, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625085/comparative-study-between-robotic-total-thyroidectomy-with-central-lymph-node-dissection-via-bilateral-axillo-breast-approach-and-conventional-open-procedure-for-papillary-thyroid-microcarcinoma
#18
Qing-Qing He, Jian Zhu, Da-Yong Zhuang, Zi-Yi Fan, Lu-Ming Zheng, Peng Zhou, Lei Hou, Fang Yu, Yan-Ning Li, Lei Xiao, Xue-Feng Dong, Gao-Feng Ni
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of the patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma are young women. Therefore, minimally invasive endoscopic thyroidectomy with central neck dissection (CND) emerged and showed well-accepted results with improved cosmetic outcome, accelerated healing, and comforting the patients. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of robotic total thyroidectomy with CND via bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA), compared with conventional open procedure in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573786/battle-of-the-bots-a-comparison-of-the-standard-da-vinci-and-the-da-vinci-surgical-skills-simulator-in-surgical-skills-acquisition
#19
Kevin Brown, Natalie Mosley, James Tierney
Virtual reality simulators are increasingly used to gain robotic surgical skills. This study compared use of the da Vinci Surgical Skills Simulator (dVSSS) to the standard da Vinci (SdV) robot for skills acquisition in a prospective randomized study. Residents from urology, gynecology, and general surgery programs performed three virtual reality tasks (thread the ring, ring rail, and tubes) on the dvSSS. Participants were then randomized to one of the two study groups (dVSSS and SdV). Each participant then practiced on either the dVSSS or the SdV (depending on randomization) for 30 min per week over a 4-week time period...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530905/day-case-robotic-ventral-rectopexy-compared-with-day-case-laparoscopic-ventral-rectopexy-a-prospective-study
#20
J-L Faucheron, B Trilling, S Barbois, P-Y Sage, P-A Waroquet, F Reche
BACKGROUND: Ventral rectopexy to the promontory has become one of the most strongly advocated surgical treatments for patients with full-thickness rectal prolapse and deep enterocele. Despite its challenges, laparoscopic ventral rectopexy with or without robotic assistance for selected patients can be performed with relatively minimal patient trauma thus creating the potential for same-day discharge. The aim of this prospective case-controlled study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and cost of day case robotic ventral rectopexy compared with routine day case laparoscopic ventral rectopexy...
October 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
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