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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317527/phototherapy-and-combination-therapies-for-vitiligo
#1
REVIEW
Samia Esmat, Rehab A Hegazy, Suzan Shalaby, Stephen Chu-Sung Hu, Cheng-Che E Lan
Vitiligo is a disease characterized by disappearance of melanocytes from the skin. It can negatively influence the physical appearance of affected individuals, and may profoundly affect a person's psychosocial function and quality of life. Therefore, vitiligo should not be considered as merely a condition that affects a patient's appearance, but needs to be actively treated in patients who seek medical help. Phototherapy has been used as the main treatment modality for patients with vitiligo. Different forms of phototherapy for vitiligo include broadband UVB, narrowband UVB, excimer light and excimer laser, and psoralen plus UVA...
April 2017: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285121/a-novel-rehabilitation-intervention-for%C3%A2-older-patients-with-acute-decompensated%C3%A2-heart-failure-the-rehab-hf-pilot-study
#2
Gordon R Reeves, David J Whellan, Christopher M O'Connor, Pamela Duncan, Joel D Eggebeen, Timothy M Morgan, Leigh Ann Hewston, Amy Pastva, Mahesh J Patel, Dalane W Kitzman
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess a novel physical rehabilitation intervention in older patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). BACKGROUND: After ADHF, older patients, who are frequently frail with multiple comorbidities, have prolonged and incomplete recovery of physical function and remain at high risk for poor outcomes. METHODS: The REHAB-HF (Rehabilitation Therapy in Older Acute Heart Failure Patients) pilot study was a 3-site, randomized, attention-controlled pilot study of a tailored, progressive, multidomain physical rehabilitation intervention beginning in the hospital and continuing for 12 weeks post-discharge in patients ≥60 years hospitalized with ADHF...
March 5, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279729/access-to-post-hospitalization-acute-care-facilities-is-associated-with-payer-status-for-open-abdominal-aortic-repair-and-open-lower-extremity-revascularization-in-the-vascular-quality-initiative
#3
Jesus G Ulloa, Karen Woo, Chi-Hong Tseng, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, David Rigberg
OBJECTIVE: Uninsured patients may not have access to post-acute care facilities that play an important role in clinical recovery and functional outcomes after vascular surgery. We sought to determine whether discharge disposition is associated with insurance status. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from the Vascular Quality Initiative(®) for patients who underwent open abdominal aortic repair (OAR), infra-inguinal bypass (IB) or supra-inguinal bypass (SB) between January 2012 and July 2015...
March 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267466/rehabilitation-therapy-in-older-acute-heart-failure-patients-rehab-hf-trial-design-and-rationale
#4
Gordon R Reeves, David J Whellan, Pamela Duncan, Christopher M O'Connor, Amy M Pastva, Joel D Eggebeen, Leigh Ann Hewston, Timothy M Morgan, Shelby D Reed, W Jack Rejeski, Robert J Mentz, Paul B Rosenberg, Dalane W Kitzman
BACKGROUND: Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a leading cause of hospitalization in older persons in the United States. Reduced physical function and frailty are major determinants of adverse outcomes in older patients with hospitalized ADHF. However, these are not addressed by current heart failure (HF) management strategies and there has been little study of exercise training in older, frail HF patients with recent ADHF. HYPOTHESIS: Targeting physical frailty with a multi-domain structured physical rehabilitation intervention will improve physical function and reduce adverse outcomes among older patients experiencing a HF hospitalization...
March 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266775/bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-mitigate-caspase-3-and-8-hydroxy-proline-induced-via-%C3%AE-adrenergic-agonist-in-pulmonary-injured-rats
#5
Mai O Kadry, Rehab M Abdel-Megeed
Estimating the ability of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) to alleviate pulmonary injury induced via isoproterenol (ISP). ISP was injected in a dose of (100 mg/kg, subcutaneously twice at an interval of 24 h). One month post BM-MSCs transplantation by intravenous injection, pulmonary oxidative stress was assessed, and Western blot analyses and histopathological investigations were conducted. Compared with the normal control group, BM-MSCs transplantation significantly decreased the expression of pulmonary anti-oxidative stress marker...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177688/hepato-and-neuro-protective-influences-of-biopropolis-on-thioacetamide-induced-acute-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-rats
#6
Rasha E Mostafa, Abeer A A Salama, Rehab F Abdel-Rahman, Hanan A Ogaly
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric syndrome that ultimately occurs as a complication of acute or chronic liver failure; accompanied by hyperammonemia. This study aimed to evaluate the potential of biopropolis as a hepato- and neuro-protective agent using thioacetamide (TAA)-induced acute HE in rats as a model. Sixty Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups: Group 1 (normal control) received only saline and paraffin oil. Group 2 (hepatotoxic control) received TAA (300 mg/kg, once). Groups 3, 4, and 5 received TAA followed by vitamin E (100 mg/kg) and biopropolis (100 and 200 mg/kg), respectively, daily for 30 days...
December 9, 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105363/incidence-and-survival-rates-of-ovarian-cancer-in-low-income-women-in-sudan
#7
Dafalla O Abuidris, Hsin-Yi Weng, Ahmed M Elhaj, Elgaylani Abdallah Eltayeb, Mohamed Elsanousi, Rehab S Ibnoof, Sulma I Mohammed
Ovarian cancer is the second most common gynecological cancer worldwide. Little is known about the disease in Sudan. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the incidence rate, age and stage at diagnosis, and median survival time of patients presenting at the National Cancer Institute-University of Gezira (NCI-UG), Sudan. Data were collected in a prospective study of women with ovarian cancer over a period of eleven years of follow-up (between 2000 and 2011). Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the distribution of the demographics of the sample...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930978/mechanism-of-action-and-effect-of-immune-modulating-agents-in-the-treatment-of-psoriasis
#8
Rehab M El-Gharabawy, Amira S Ahmed, Amal H Al-Najjar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work is to study the possible mechanisms through which different immune-modulating agents can produce their beneficial effects on treatment of psoriasis and to determine whether the supplementation of these agents for psoriasis patients induces regression of psoriasis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty participants were included in this study. The participants were divided into five groups: 1. Normal control group, 2. Psoriasis patients not taking any treatment, 3...
January 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885099/rotationplasty-in-adult-cancer-patients-what-is-the-rehab-strategy-and-what-results-can-be-expected-a-case-study
#9
Mattia Morri, Cristiana Forni
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Rotationplasty is an important and demanding challenge for physiotherapists. The aim of this paper is to describe the functional outcome achieved by a patient undergoing rotationplasty in adult age following osteosarcoma. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: The patient was followed throughout the rehabilitation course and the results achieved were recorded at 6, 9 and 12 months after surgery. FINDINGS AND OUTCOMES: The results progressively improved in terms of function, functional performance and quality of life...
November 24, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776222/neck-dissection-s-burden-on-the-patient-functional-and-psychosocial-aspects-in-1-652-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#10
Simon Spalthoff, Rüdiger Zimmerer, Philipp Jehn, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Jörg Handschel, Gertrud Krüskemper
PURPOSE: In this study of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma, the authors sought to clarify the functional and psychosocial harms of neck dissection (ND), which lessens quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included questionnaire responses from patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (n = 1,652) and clinicians (n = 1,489), as collected in the DÖSAK Rehab Study. Psychosocial and functional factors were assessed. Functional and psychosocial outcomes in patients who did not receive ND were compared with those in patients who underwent selective supraomohyoid ND (SND), modified radical ND (MND), and radical ND (RND)...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728937/-burdens-at-admission-short-term-effects-and-predictors-of-health-status-at-discharge-among-1%C3%A2-803-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#11
N Gerdes, E Farin
Objective: Taking Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) as an example, the article illustrates a problem that to our knowledge has not been addressed in rehabilitation research so far: According to our large dataset, a sizeable proportion of patients had to be sent home with extremely severe burdens (<2(nd) percentile in the normal population) at discharge - in spite of good improvements during their stay. Data and methods: Since 2009, patients in the RehaKlinikum Bad Säckingen, an in-patient rehab center for orthopedic-rheumatic diseases, answer the questionnaire "Indicators of Rehabilitation Status" (IRES) at the beginning and the end of their stay...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723572/zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-and-a-standard-antidiabetic-drug-restore-the-function-and-structure-of-beta-cells-in-type-2-diabetes
#12
Rehab Mohmed El-Gharbawy, Ashraf Mahmoud Emara, Sally El-Sayed Abu-Risha
The aim of this study was to use Zinc oxide nanoparticles and a standard antidiabetic drug to restore the function and structure of beta cells in a rat model of Type-2 diabetes and compare the effects of a DPP-IV inhibitor with or without zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) using a model of type 2 diabetes (rats fed a high fat diet that was treated with a low dose of streptozotocin). Ninety male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups 10days after the induction of diabetes: group I: non-diabetic animals that received only the chow diet plus 2ml of 0...
December 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676926/prospective-payment-in-french-post-acute-care-comparison-to-international-funding-of-rehabilitation-systems
#13
Jean-Pascal Devailly, Laurence Josse
OBJECTIVE: In all countries, the boundaries are ambiguous between acute and post-acute as well as defining the dimensions of care. The aim of this study is to analyze relations between segmentation of care and payment systems. In the new prospective payment system implemented in French SSR, the grouping unit is inpatient stay and the week for day hospitalization. In 1991, the field of SSR mixed structures as diverse in their purposes as public or private hospital units of rehabilitation and "nursing homes"...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585525/comparative-study-of-allogenic-and-xenogeneic-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-cisplatin-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#14
Rehab H Ashour, Mohamed-Ahdy Saad, Mohamed-Ahmed Sobh, Fatma Al-Husseiny, Mohamed Abouelkheir, Amal Awad, Doaa Elghannam, Hassan Abdel-Ghaffar, Mohamed Sobh
BACKGROUND: The paracrine and regenerative activities of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may vary with different stem cell sources. The aim of the present study is to compare the effects of MSCs from different sources on acute kidney injury (AKI) induced by cisplatin and their influence on renal regeneration. METHODS: A single intraperitoneal injection of cisplatin (5 mg/kg) was used to induce AKI in 120 Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were treated with either rat bone marrow stem cells (rBMSCs), human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hADSCs), or human amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (hAFSCs)...
September 1, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566981/strengthening-quality-of-care-through-standardized-reporting-based-on-the-world-health-organization-s-reference-classifications
#15
Delgerjargal Dorjbal, Alarcos Cieza, Hans Peter Gmünder, Anke Scheel-Sailer, Gerold Stucki, T Bedirhan Üstün, Birgit Prodinger
QUALITY ISSUE: Responding to person's health and related needs requires the availability of health information that reflects relevant aspects of a health condition and how this health condition impacts on a person's daily life. INITIAL ASSESSMENT: Health information is routinely collected at different time points by diverse professionals, in different settings for various purposes with varying methods. Consequently, health information is not always comparable, posing a challenge to the regular monitoring of quality...
October 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552458/successful-nonoperative-management-of-hagl-humeral-avulsion-of-glenohumeral-ligament-lesion-with-concurrent-axillary-nerve-injury-in-an-active-duty-us-navy-seal
#16
Justin J Ernat, Craig R Bottoni, Douglas J Rowles
Humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament (HAGL) is a lesion that has been recognized as a cause of recurrent shoulder instability. To our knowledge there are no reports of successful return to full function in young, competitive athletes or return to manual labor following nonoperative management of a HAGL lesion. A 26-year-old Navy SEAL was diagnosed with a HAGL injury, and associated traction injury of the axillary nerve as well as a partial tear of the rotator cuff. Operative intervention was recommended; however, due to issues with training and with inability to properly rehab with the axillary nerve injury, surgical plans were delayed...
July 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494170/impact-of-early-mobilization-and-rehabilitation-on-global-functional-outcome-one-year-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#17
Tanja Karic, Cecilie Røe, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Frank Becker, Angelika Sorteberg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of early mobilization and rehabilitation on global functional outcome one year after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. METHODS: Prospective, controlled, interventional study comprising patients managed in the neuro-intermediate ward following repair of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Patients in the Control group (n = 76) received standard treatment, whereas those in the Early Rehab group (n = 92) in addition underwent early mobilization and rehabilitation...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451589/respiratory-rehabilitation-in-healing-depression-and-anxiety-in-copd-patients
#18
Maria-Mădălina Bodescu, Adina Magdalena Turcanu, Maria-Cristina Gavrilescu, T Mihăescu
UNLABELLED: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an inflammatory affection of the whole lung, characterized by an accelerated loss of the pulmonary functions, that reduces the patients' independence and stops them from having a normal, active life. The medical rehabilitation is considered "Third class rehabilitation", after preventive medicine and pharmaceutical medicine, and the respiratory rehabilitation recovery represents a complex structure of service addressing to patients with chronic pulmonary illnesses whose aim is to optimize the physical performances, psycho-social and autonomy...
October 2015: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447483/effectiveness-of-a-very-early-stepping-verticalization-protocol-in-severe-acquired-brain-injured-patients-a-randomized-pilot-study-in-icu
#19
Giuseppe Frazzitta, Ilaria Zivi, Roberto Valsecchi, Sara Bonini, Sara Maffia, Katia Molatore, Luca Sebastianelli, Alessio Zarucchi, Diana Matteri, Giuseppe Ercoli, Roberto Maestri, Leopold Saltuari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Verticalization was reported to improve the level of arousal and awareness in patients with severe acquired brain injury (ABI) and to be safe in ICU. We evaluated the effectiveness of a very early stepping verticalization protocol on their functional and neurological outcome. METHODS: Consecutive patients with Vegetative State or Minimally Conscious State were enrolled in ICU on the third day after an ABI. They were randomized to undergo conventional physiotherapy alone or associated to fifteen 30-minute sessions of verticalization, using a tilt table with robotic stepping device...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426088/amniotic-fluid-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-cut-short-the-acuteness-of-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#20
Fatma Al-Husseiny, Mohamed Ahmed Sobh, Rehab H Ashour, Samah Foud, Tarek Medhat, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Doaa Elghannam, Hassan Abdel-Ghaffar, Mohamed-Ahdy Saad, Mohamed Sobh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cisplatin is a nephrotoxic chemotherapeutic agent. So, preventive measures worth to be evaluated. Human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFSCs) in prevention or amelioration of cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in Sprague-Dawley rates have been tested. METHODS: 80 Sprague-Dawley rats (250~300 g) were used and divided into 4 major groups, 20 rats each. Group I: Saline-injected group. Group II: Cisplatin-injected group (5 mg/kg I.P)...
May 30, 2016: International Journal of Stem Cells
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