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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925586/a-bayesian-additive-model-for-understanding-public-transport-usage-in-special-events
#1
Filipe Rodrigues, Stanislav Borysov, Bernardete Ribeiro, Francisco Pereira
Public special events, like sports games, concerts and festivals are well known to create disruptions in transportation systems, often catching the operators by surprise. Although these are usually planned well in advance, their impact is difficult to predict, even when organisers and transportation operators coordinate. The problem highly increases when several events happen concurrently. To solve these problems, costly processes, heavily reliant on manual search and personal experience, are usual practice in large cities like Singapore, London or Tokyo...
December 2, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922287/injuries-in-japanese-mini-basketball-players-during-practices-and-games
#2
Kenji Kuzuhara, Masashi Shibata, Ryo Uchida
CONTEXT:  Mini-basketball is one of the most popular junior sports in Japan. Mini- basketball-related injuries may increase because of early specialization. However, no reports have been published to date concerning basketball injuries in children younger than 12 years of age. OBJECTIVE:  To prospectively study the incidence, sites, types, and mechanisms of injuries in mini-basketball teams. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:  Mini-basketball teams in Kobe, Japan...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919521/unsolved-forgotten-and-ignored-features-of-the-placebo-response-in-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Paul Enck, Sibylle Klosterhalfen, Katja Weimer
PURPOSE: We aimed to identify topics of research that have been neglected, undervalued, or overseen in the past 2 decades of placebo/nocebo research. METHODS: A highly specialized literature database containing >3200 articles on the placebo or nocebo effects or response was screened for articles covering placebo effects in nutrition, sports medicine, physical therapy, and psychotherapy; for article covering gender, age, and culture as influencing factors; for articles dealing with long-term outcome, multimodality; and for articles related to technical (eHealth, mHealth) aspects of placebo effects...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918673/predictive-indicators-of-overuse-injuries-in-adolescent-endurance-athletes
#4
Daniel Martínez-Silván, Jaime Díaz-Ocejo, Andrew Murray
PURPOSE: To analyse the influence of training exposure and the utility of self-report questionnaires on predicting overuse injuries in adolescent endurance athletes. METHODS: 5 adolescent male endurance athletes (15.7 ± 1.4 yr) from a full-time sports academy answered 2 questionnaires (Recovery Cue; RC-q & Oslo Sports Trauma Research questionnaire; OSTRC-q) on a weekly basis for one season (37 wks) in order to detect (1) signs of overtraining and under-recovery (RC-q) and (2) early symptoms of lower limb injuries (OSTRC-q)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903159/recognition-and-treatment-of-central-sensitization-in-chronic-pain-patients-not-limited-to-specialized-care
#5
Jo Nijs, Dorien Goubert, Kelly Ickmans
Modern pain neuroscience has substantially improved our understanding of the (development of) chronic musculoskeletal pain. The time has come for orthopaedic and sports physical therapists to implement modern pain neuroscience in specialized, but definitely also in primary, care settings, including the role of central sensitization (CS) in amplifying and explaining the presence of the pain experience. Central sensitization dominates the clinical picture in a subgroup of the musculoskeletal pain population, ranging from tennis elbow over shoulder pain to osteoarthritis and whiplash...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900183/severity-and-pattern-of-injuries-caused-by-the-traditional-swiss-team-sport-hornussen-first-retrospective-study-at-a-level-i-trauma-centre-in-switzerland
#6
Volkmar Waterkamp, Meret Ricklin, Benoît Schaller, Konstantinos Katsoulis, Aristomenis Exadaktylos
BACKGROUND: This article addresses typical injury patterns related to the traditional Swiss team sport of Hornussen. A small plastic disk is struck with a special elastic racket and then intercepted in the field. Severe injuries have occasionally been reported. We present a systematic review of all cases of Hornussen injuries treated in the University Hospital of Bern from 2000 to 2014. METHODS: To assess the frequency, type and outcome of Hornussen injuries, we performed a database search of all inpatient and outpatient cases related to Hornussen and that were admitted to and/or treated in Bern University Hospital from 2000 to 2014...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899721/lisfranc-injuries-in-the-athlete
#7
REVIEW
John S Lewis, Robert B Anderson
: Lisfranc injuries to the tarsometatarsal complex of the midfoot have become increasingly recognized in the athletic population. Regardless of mechanism, any injury that results in instability in the midfoot requires operative stabilization to preserve function and enable return to sport. In this manuscript, the anatomy, etiology, prevalence, current treatment modalities, and clinical outcomes of patients who suffer Lisfranc injuries are reviewed, with a special focus on the unique characteristics surrounding such an injury in an athlete...
December 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896682/methods-of-power-force-velocity-profiling-during-sprint-running-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Matt R Cross, Matt Brughelli, Pierre Samozino, Jean-Benoit Morin
The ability of the human body to generate maximal power is linked to a host of performance outcomes and sporting success. Power-force-velocity relationships characterize limits of the neuromuscular system to produce power, and their measurement has been a common topic in research for the past century. Unfortunately, the narrative of the available literature is complex, with development occurring across a variety of methods and technology. This review focuses on the different equipment and methods used to determine mechanical characteristics of maximal exertion human sprinting...
November 28, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868077/platelet-rich-plasma-injections-with-needle-tenotomy-for-gluteus-medius-tendinopathy-a-registry-study-with-prospective-follow-up
#9
James J Lee, Julian R Harrison, Kwadwo Boachie-Adjei, Elizabeth Vargas, Peter J Moley
BACKGROUND: Gluteal tendinopathy is a prevalent condition that can be associated with significant pain and disability. To date, no studies have prospectively assessed the efficacy of intratendinous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections as a minimally invasive treatment for gluteus medius tendinopathy. PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the efficacy of intratendinous PRP injections as treatment for chronic recalcitrant gluteus medius tendinopathy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848726/results-from-the-united-states-of-america-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#10
Peter T Katzmarzyk, Kara D Denstel, Kim Beals, Christopher Bolling, Carly Wright, Scott E Crouter, Thomas L McKenzie, Russell R Pate, Brian E Saelens, Amanda E Staiano, Heidi I Stanish, Susan B Sisson
BACKGROUND: The 2016 United States (U.S.) Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth provides a comprehensive evaluation of physical activity levels and factors influencing physical activity among children and youth. METHODS: The report card includes 10 indicators: Overall Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, Active Transportation, Organized Sport Participation, Active Play, Health-related Fitness, Family and Peers, School, Community and the Built Environment, and Government Strategies and Investments...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847992/-esc-guidelines-on-atrial-fibrillation-2016-summary-of-the-most-relevant-recommendations-and-modifications
#11
L Eckardt, K G Häusler, U Ravens, M Borggrefe, P Kirchhof
The first European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines on atrial fibrillation (AF) developed in collaboration with the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) were published in August 2016. These guidelines replace the revised guidelines from 2012 and contain some interesting new aspects. The topics range from the pathophysiology through diagnostics, therapy and stroke prevention up to special clinical situations, such as atrial fibrillation in cardiopathy, sport and pregnancy. Early screening, patient informed consent, individualized therapy and the modification of factors promoting atrial fibrillation are of particular importance...
December 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814496/characteristics-associated-with-risk-taking-behaviours-predict-young-people-s-participation-in-organised-activities
#12
Britt E Hallingberg, Stephanie H M Van Goozen, Simon C Moore
Participation in organised activities (OAs) such as sports and special groups can shape adolescent risk taking behaviours. Sensation seeking and inhibitory control play an important role in the emergence of adolescent risk taking behaviours and may explain variations in OA participation as well as inform the development of more effective interventions that use OAs. Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (England) were analysed using logistic regression to test whether inhibitory control and sensation seeking predicted participation in OAs at a mean age of 11...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807260/high-school-sport-specialization-patterns-of-current-division-i-athletes
#13
Eric G Post, Jill M Thein-Nissenbaum, Mikel R Stiffler, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell, Jennifer L Sanfilippo, Stephanie M Trigsted, Bryan C Heiderscheit, Timothy A McGuine
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization is a strategy to acquire superior sport performance in 1 sport but is associated with increased injury risk. Currently, the degree of high school specialization among Division I athletes is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: College athletes will display increased rates of specialization as they progress through their high school careers. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4...
November 2, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729321/extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-accelerates-regeneration-after-acute-skeletal-muscle-injury
#14
Angela Zissler, Peter Steinbacher, Reinhold Zimmermann, Stefan Pittner, Walter Stoiber, Arne C Bathke, Alexandra M Sänger
BACKGROUND: Muscle injuries are among the most common sports-related lesions in athletes; however, optimal treatment remains obscure. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) may be a promising approach in this context, because it has gained increasing importance in tissue regeneration in various medical fields. HYPOTHESIS: ESWT stimulates and accelerates regenerative processes of acute muscle injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727061/arthroscopic-plication-for-multidirectional-instability-50-patients-with-a-minimum-of-2-years-of-follow-up
#15
Caroline Witney-Lagen, Abdul Hassan, Anouska Doodson, Balachandran Venkateswaran
BACKGROUND: Treatment of patients who have not improved after physiotherapy for multidirectional instability (MDI) remains challenging, with no agreed best practice. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether arthroscopic plication is safe and effective for these patients. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients who had not improved after at least 6 months of specialized shoulder physiotherapy for symptomatic MDI and no labral lesion at arthroscopy underwent arthroscopic plication between 2006 and 2013...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720891/effects-of-competition-outcome-on-testosterone-concentrations-in-humans-an-updated-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Shawn N Geniole, Brian M Bird, Erika L Ruddick, Justin M Carré
A contribution to a special issue on Hormones and Human Competition. Since Archer's (2006) influential meta-analysis, there has been a major increase in the number of studies investigating the effect of competition outcome on testosterone reactivity patterns in humans. Despite this increased research output, there remains debate as to whether competition outcome modulates testosterone concentrations. The present paper examines this question using a meta-analytic approach including papers published over the last 35years...
October 6, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690840/whiplash-continues-its-challenge
#17
Gwendolen Jull
There have been many advances in the management of neck pain disorders, but a personal frustration as a clinician and researcher in the field is that the incidence of full recovery following a whiplash injury as a result of a motor vehicle crash has not increased and, subsequently, the rate of transition to chronic neck pain has not lessened. The commentaries in this special issue reflect the multifaceted nature of whiplash-associated disorders and the wide-ranging research in the field. While management of whiplash, especially the challenge of lessening the rate of transition to chronicity, has yet to be achieved, the picture is becoming clearer...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679586/performing-at-the-top-of-one-s-musical-game
#18
Johannes L Hatfield
The purpose of the present mixed method study was to investigate personal benefits, perceptions, and the effect of a 15-week sport psychological skills training program adapted for musicians. The program was individually tailored for six music performance students with the objective of facilitating the participants' instrumental practice and performance. The participants learnt techniques such as goal setting, attentional focus, arousal regulation, imagery, and acceptance training/self-talk. Zimmerman's (1989) cyclical model of self-regulated learning was applied as a theoretical frame for the intervention...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678258/genetic-correlations-between-dressage-show-jumping-and-studbook-entry-inspection-traits-in-a-process-of-specialization-in-dutch-warmblood-horses
#19
G Rovere, B J Ducro, J A M van Arendonk, E Norberg, P Madsen
Sport performance in dressage and show jumping are two important traits in the breeding goals of many studbooks. To determine the optimum selection scheme for jumping and dressage, knowledge is needed on the genetic correlation between both disciplines and between traits measured early in life and performance in competition in each discipline. This study aimed to estimate genetic parameters to support decision-making on specialization of breeding horses for dressage and show jumping in Dutch warmblood horses...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676946/promoting-physical-activity-what-do-we-have-available-to-motivate-our-patients
#20
Mathieu Saubade, Christos Karatzios, Cyril Besson, Anne-Charlotte Farasse, Benaim Charles, Gérald Gremion
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 42% of Europeans never practice physical activity (PA) or sports and 40% spend more than 5:30 per day in a sitting position. The objective of this literature review is to identify the necessary means to promote PA and tools available for physicians to advise and prescribe a suitable AP. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electronic database research using Medline, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. RESULTS: Prescription of PA in the medical office is more and more encouraged...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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