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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915154/risk-factors-for-low-back-pain-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#1
Inmaculada Calvo-Muñoz, Francisco M Kovacs, Marta Roqué, Inés Gago Fernández, Jesús Seco Calvo
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with low back pain (LBP) in children and adolescents. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted (Prospero CRD42016038186). Observational studies analyzing LBP risk factors among subjects aged between 9 and 16 were searched for in 13 electronic databases and 8 specialized journals until March 31st, 2016, with no language restrictions. Additionally, references in the identified studies were manually tracked. All identified studies which included ≥50 subjects aged 9 to 16, were reviewed...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895388/probiotic-strains-as-the-element-of-nutritional-profile-in-physical-activity-%C3%A2-new-trend-or-better-sports-results
#2
Joanna Smarkusz, Lucyna Ostrowska, Katarzyna Witczak-Sawczuk
A diet, individually customized to the needs of sportsmen and sportswomen prepares them better for competition and achievement of better sports results. However, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and frequently recurrent upper respiratory tract infections pose a common problem observed among athletes of disciplines such as triathlon, cycling and marathon. Diarrhea, splashing in the intestines or gastrointestinal bleeding make it difficult to start and win in the race. Recently researchers have paid special attention to the therapeutic effect of probiotic strains on the human body...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886966/monitoring-training-load-and-fatigue-in-soccer-players-with-physiological-markers
#3
REVIEW
Léo Djaoui, Monoem Haddad, Karim Chamari, Alexandre Dellal
The quantification and monitoring of training load (TL) has been the topic of many scientific works in the last fifteen years. TL monitoring helps coaches to individually prescribe, follow-up, analyse, adjust and programme training sessions. In particular, the aim of the present review was to provide a critical literature report regarding different physiological markers of TL monitoring, particularly in soccer, as the load is specific to individual sports. Therefore, the interests and limitations of heart rate (HR), HR variability (HRV) and biochemical variables (blood, urinary and hormonal variations) were analysed, with a special focus on daily measures (before, during and after training) and monitoring throughout a whole season...
September 5, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872654/innebandy-%C3%A3-r-en-vanlig-orsak-till-sportrelaterade-%C3%A3-gonskador-skyddsglas%C3%A3-gon-b%C3%A3-r-anv%C3%A3-ndas-vid-innebandyspel-p%C3%A3-alla-niv%C3%A3-er
#4
Marit Tholvsen, Birgitta Lindblad, Karim Makdoumi, Sven Crafoord
Floorball - a common cause of sport related eye injury The aim of this study was to survey the incidence and type of sport related to eye injuries with special interest in floorball. A prospective study was conducted December 1st 2013 through November 30th 2014 at the Department of Ophthalmology, Örebro University Hospital. All patients presenting with an acute sports related eye injury were offered to be included. Information was collected from a self-administered questionnaire and from medical journals. During the study period, 49 patients sought care for sports related eye injuries, and 26 (53%) of those were related to floorball...
September 1, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871279/longitudinal-changes-in-absolutevo2peak-physical-activity-level-body-mass-index-and-overweightedness-among-adolescents-in-vocational-and-non-vocational-studies
#5
Pål Lagestad, Oddbjørn Floan, Ivar Fossland Moa
The purpose of the study was to examine differences in physical activity level, physical fitness, body mass index, and overweight among adolescents in vocational and non-vocational studies, at the age of 14, 16, and 19, using a 5-year longitudinal design. Students in sport studies had the highest absoluteVO2peak and higher physical activity levels, than students in vocational subjects and students with a specialization in general studies. However, there were no significant differences between students in vocational subjects and students with a specialization in general studies according to absoluteVO2peak and physical activity levels...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866600/a-review-in-detection-and-monitoring-gait-disorders-using-in-shoe-plantar-measurement-systems
#6
Julian A Ramirez-Bautista, Jorge A Huerta-Ruelas, Silvia L Chaparro-Cardenas, Antonio Hernandez-Zavala
Gait is an important part of our daily life as people do many activities in this dynamic position. Special footwear is fundamental to obtain an ergonomic gait and to extract data for analysis. The plantar foot pressure can be employed to detect many kinds of disorders, suggest improvements in treatments, rehabilitation tasks, patient monitoring, development of orthopedic devices and other applications. In the last years, attention in this topic is growing reflected in many works issued in both commercial and academic groups, focused on the development of devices for foot plantar pressure measurement with applications in medicine, sports, and research...
August 30, 2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856355/referral-patterns-for-chronic-groin-pain-and-athletic-pubalgia-sports-hernia-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-treatment-and-outcomes
#7
Mark P Zoland, Matthew E Maeder, Joseph C Iraci, Devon A Klein
Chronic groin pain is a common problem and has been well-described in high-performance athletes. Its presentation in the recreational athlete has been less frequently described. We present the experience of a tertiary group of physicians specializing in groin pain and athletic pubalgia. Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol was employed. Surgery was performed in patients failing non-surgical management. A retrospective review was performed. Of 117 mostly non-professional athletes, there were 79 MRI-positive cases of athletic pubalgia (68%)...
July 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843799/increased-obesity-risks-for-being-an-only-child-in-china-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-study-of-19-487-children
#8
M Li, H Xue, W Wang, M Wen, Y Wang
OBJECTIVES: Given the rapid demographic transition and obesity growth in China, it is important to study how the large only-child population (≈100 million) might contribute to the obesity epidemic. This study evaluated associations of only-child status with weight and energy expenditure-related behaviors in China and examined how the associations may vary by sex and urbanicity. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analyses of nationally representative cross-sectional data from China Education Panel Survey: Junior Cohorts 2013-14, which included 19,487 students from 112 middle schools in 28 regions across China...
August 23, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812031/early-single-sport-specialization-a-survey-of-3090-high-school-collegiate-and-professional-athletes
#9
Patrick S Buckley, Meghan Bishop, Patrick Kane, Michael C Ciccotti, Stephen Selverian, Dominique Exume, William Emper, Kevin B Freedman, Sommer Hammoud, Steven B Cohen, Michael G Ciccotti
BACKGROUND: Youth participation in organized sports in the United States is rising, with many athletes focusing on a single sport at an increasingly younger age. PURPOSE: To retrospectively compare single-sport specialization in current high school (HS), collegiate, and professional athletes with regard to the rate and age of specialization, the number of months per year of single-sport training, and the athlete's perception of injury related to specialization. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808740/similar-views-on-rehabilitation-following-hip-arthroscopy-among-physiotherapists-and-surgeons-in-scandinavia-a-specialized-care-survey
#10
T Wörner, K Thorborg, H Moksnes, F Eek
PURPOSE: The rising number of hip arthroscopies (HA) is leading to increasing numbers of patients requiring post-surgical rehabilitation; however, evidence regarding post-operative rehabilitation is currently limited. The purpose of the study was to describe and compare current rehabilitation strategies and views among surgeons and physiotherapists in Scandinavia. METHODS: Scandinavian surgeons and physiotherapists experienced with HA and post-surgical rehabilitation were asked to complete an online survey...
August 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800789/indicators-of-poorly-controlled-asthma-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-school-age-children-in-the-united-states
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Poorly controlled asthma has far-reaching effects on school-age children and their parents, but little is knownabout the national impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). OBJECTIVE: To examine HRQoL associated with asthma and indicators of poorly controlled asthma in the United States. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of HRQoL among school-age children (age range, 6-17 years) with asthma in the nationally representative 2007-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)...
August 11, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799047/-muscular-injuries-of-athletes-importance-of-ultrasound
#12
REVIEW
A Loizides, H Gruber, S Peer, M Plaikner
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Muscular injuries represent the most common musculoskeletal lesions. Especially in professional athletes an imaging clarification is essential in order to define the exact location of the lesion, the affected muscles, the extent and degree of the injury as well as to define possible concomitant complications. The best possible therapy can be initiated and a necessary rest period for a low risk resumption of sporting activity can be individually specified. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS/METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: Due to technical improvements, for example mobile devices and thus increased rapid availability as well as relative cost-effectiveness compared to other modalities, the imaging evaluation of muscle injury would nowadays be unthinkable without ultrasound...
August 10, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798200/wearable-physiological-monitoring-for-human-thermal-work-strain-optimization
#13
Mark J Buller, Alexander Pearson Welles, Karl E Friedl
Safe performance limits of soldiers and athletes have typically relied on predictive work-rest models of ambient conditions, average work intensity, and characteristics of the population. Bioengineering advances in noninvasive sensor technologies including miniaturization, reduced cost, power requirements, and comfort now make it possible to produce individual predictions of safe thermal-work limits. These precision medicine assessments depend on the development of thoughtful algorithms based on physics and physiology...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795012/chronic-kidney-disease-and-sports-participation-by-children-and-adolescents
#14
REVIEW
Vimal Master Sankar Raj, Dilip R Patel, Lakshmi Ramachandran
Individuals suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) deal with major morbidity and mortality including poor exercise tolerance. A variety of factors including anemia, poor muscle mass, cardiovascular changes and limited physical activity contribute to exercise intolerance. Studies suggest that early initiation of aerobic and resistance training improves the muscle function, ability to tolerate exercise and quality of life in CKD patients. A thorough medical examination and exercise testing are recommended before initiating an exercise regimen in individuals with CKD...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795006/epidemiology-of-sports-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-young-athletes-in-united-states
#15
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Ai Yamasaki, Kelly Brown
Over the past several decades there has been increased participation in sports by children and adolescents at earlier ages in the United States, as well as more intense participation and specialization in sports at very early ages. This trend has also partly contributed to the patterns of injuries seen in young athletes, and especially in recent years, injuries previously seen in mature athletes are being seen in young athletes. Overall, the vast majority of sport-related musculoskeletal injuries in children and adolescents are due to repetitive overuse and acute macrotrauma is less frequently seen in young athletes...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795004/the-female-athlete-triad-special-considerations-for-adolescent-female-athletes
#16
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Aditya V Dewoolkar, Nicole Baker, Colleen Dodich
The number of adolescent girls participating in sports has dramatically increased throughout the last few decades. In the early 1990's, an association between amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating was recognized and eventually labeled the 'Female Athlete Triad'. In 1997, the Task Force on Women's Issues of American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) published a position statement on this triad of conditions that were becoming increasingly more prevalent amongst female athletes. Initially, the 'Female Athlete Triad' was characterized by disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789628/patellar-tendinopathy-in-young-elite-soccer-clinical-and-sonographical-analysis-of-a-german-elite-soccer-academy
#17
Gerrit Bode, Thorsten Hammer, N Karvouniaris, M J Feucht, L Konstantinidis, N P Südkamp, A Hirschmüller
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of patellar tendinopathy is elevated in elite soccer compared to less explosive sports. While the burden of training hours and load is comparably high in youth elite players (age < 23 years), little is known about the prevalence of patellar tendinopathy at this age. There is only little data available on the influence of age, the amount of training, the position on the field, as well as muscular strength, range of motion, or sonographical findings in this age group...
August 8, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783395/paediatric-fractures-around-the-knee
#18
M van den Broek, S Oussedik
Paediatric fractures around the knee are not common but their incidence seems to be increasing as a result of the increasing number of children participating in sports. Given the characteristics of the growing skeleton, specific fractures only occur in children. Diagnosis is mainly based on history, clinical examination and plain radiographs. Advanced imaging may be required in special fracture types. Although many of these injuries can be managed non-operatively, early referral to a specialist team is necessary to avoid delays in surgical management and to reduce the risk of acute or late complications...
August 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777213/glenohumeral-instability-related-to-special-conditions-slap-tears-pan-labral-tears-and-multidirectional-instability
#19
Gregory S Van Blarcum, Steven J Svoboda
Glenohumeral instability is one of the more common conditions seen by sports medicine physicians, especially in young, active athletes. The associated anatomy of the glenohumeral joint (the shallow nature of the glenoid and the increased motion it allows) make the shoulder more prone to instability events as compared with other joints. Although traumatic dislocations or instability events associated with acute labral tears (ie, Bankart lesions) are well described in the literature, there exists other special shoulder conditions that are also associated with shoulder instability: superior labrum anterior/posterior (SLAP) tears, pan-labral tears, and multidirectional instability...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756518/ethics-evidence-based-sports-medicine-and-the-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-the-english-premier-league
#20
M J McNamee, C M Coveney, A Faulkner, J Gabe
The use of platelet rich plasma (PRP) as a novel treatment is discussed in the context of a qualitative research study comprising 38 interviews with sports medicine practitioners and other stakeholders working within the English Premier League during the 2013-16 seasons. Analysis of the data produced several overarching themes: conservatism versus experimentalism in medical attitudes; therapy perspectives divergence; conflicting versions of appropriate evidence; subcultures; community beliefs/practices; and negotiation of medical decision-making...
July 29, 2017: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
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