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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321343/knee-dislocation-a-case-report-diagnostic-vascular-work-up-and-literature-review
#1
Matthijs R Douma, Michael D Burg, Björn L Dijkstra
Knee dislocation is an uncommon, potentially limb-threatening, knee injury. Most often caused by high-velocity trauma, it can also result from low- or even ultra-low-velocity trauma. Rapid identification of the injury, reduction, and definitive management are necessary to minimize neurovascular damage. We present a case of rotatory anterolateral knee dislocation sustained during a twisting sports-related event. Special emphasis is placed on diagnosing vascular injuries associated with knee dislocations.
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302739/changing-landscape-of-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Berto J Bouma, Barbara J M Mulder
Congenital heart disease is the most frequently occurring congenital disorder affecting ≈0.8% of live births. Thanks to great efforts and technical improvements, including the development of cardiopulmonary bypass in the 1950s, large-scale repair in these patients became possible, with subsequent dramatic reduction in morbidity and mortality. The ongoing search for progress and the growing understanding of the cardiovascular system and its pathophysiology refined all aspects of care for these patients. As a consequence, survival further increased over the past decades, and a new group of patients, those who survived congenital heart disease into adulthood, emerged...
March 17, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296061/influence-of-continuous-use-of-a-vacuum-forming-machine-for-mouthguard-thickness-after-thermoforming
#3
Mutsumi Takahashi, Yoshiaki Araie, Yoshihide Satoh, Shin-Ichi Iwasaki
Mouthguards can reduce the risk of sports-related injuries such as tooth fracture or avulsion, but the sheet material and thickness have a large effect on their efficacy and safety. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the continuous use of a vacuum-forming machine on mouthguard thickness MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethylene vinyl acetate sheets and olefin copolymer sheets were used for thermoforming with a vacuum-forming machine. The working model was trimmed to a height of 23 mm at the maxillary central incisor and 20 mm at maxillary first molar...
March 15, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288281/the-association-of-sport-specialization-and-training-volume-with-injury-history-in-youth-athletes
#4
Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Jeremy W Riekena, Scott Hetzel, Timothy A McGuine, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Recommendations exist to encourage safe youth participation in sport. These recommendations include not specializing in 1 sport, limiting participation to less than 8 months per year, and limiting participation to fewer hours per week than a child's age. However, limited evidence exists to support or refute these recommendations. HYPOTHESIS: High levels of specialization will be associated with a history of injuries and especially overuse injuries, independent of age, sex, or weekly sport training hours...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286964/factors-impacting-participation-in-sports-for-children-with-limb-absence-a-qualitative-study
#5
Batoul Sayed Ahmed, Marena Lamy, Debra Cameron, Lisa Artero, Sandra Ramdial, Matthew Leineweber, Jan Andrysek
BACKGROUND: Individuals with limb absence benefit from participating in sports. While barriers and facilitators affecting sport participation are well documented for adults, they have not been explored for children with limb absence. PURPOSE: To identify the perceived factors impacting participation in sports according to children with limb absence and their parents. METHODS: This study uses a descriptive qualitative study design. Nineteen participants, consisting of children and their parents, were recruited from an outpatient hospital clinic for semi-structured interviews...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285857/urban-anglers-in-the-great-lakes-region-fish-consumption-patterns-influences-and-responses-to-advisory-messages
#6
T Bruce Lauber, Nancy A Connelly, Jeff Niederdeppe, Barbara A Knuth
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and many state advisory programs consider urban anglers at high risk of being exposed to contaminants through fish consumption because the urban poor may be dependent on fish they catch for food and lack access to non-contaminated fishing sites. Past research has supported this characterization of urban anglers, but most studies have been site-specific and limited to subsets of urban anglers. We used a mail survey and focus groups to (a) explore how urban anglers living in the Great Lakes region of the United States differed from rural and suburban anglers and (b) characterize their fishing patterns, fish consumption, factors influencing their fish consumption, and response to fish consumption advisory messages...
March 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261436/orthopedic-manifestations-of-type-i-camurati-engelmann-disease
#7
Alisher J Yuldashev, Chang Ho Shin, Yong Sung Kim, Woo Young Jang, Moon Seok Park, Jong Hee Chae, Won Joon Yoo, In Ho Choi, Ok Hwa Kim, Tae-Joon Cho
BACKGROUND: Camurati-Engelmann disease (CED) is a rare genetic skeletal disorder characterized by limb pain, muscle emaciation and weakness, and cortical thickening of the diaphysis of long bones. It is caused by mutations in the transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1) (type I) or other unknown gene(s) (type II). We present 8 consecutive patients with type I CED. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records and radiographs of type I CED patients with special reference to the mode of presentation, process of diagnostic work-up, and disease course...
March 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257618/clinical-specialization-and-adherence-to-evidence-based-practice-guidelines-for-low-back-pain-management-a-survey-of-united-states-physical-therapists
#8
Carlos E Ladeira, M Samuel Cheng, Rubens A da Silva
Study Design Electronic cross-sectional survey. Background The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) EBP guideline for low back pain (LBP) elaborated on strategies to manage non-specific LBP in routine physical therapy practice. This guideline described LBP associated with mobility deficit, leg pain and a directional preference, coordination impairment (lumbar instability), and fear avoidance behavior (FAB). Objectives To assess American physical therapists' (PTs) adherence to the Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) for LBP of the Orthopaedic Section of the APTA, and to compare adherence among PTs with different qualifications...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216570/an-electromagnetic-sensor-for-the-autonomous-running-of-visually-impaired-and-blind-athletes-part-i-the-fixed-infrastructure
#9
Marco Pieralisi, Valentina Di Mattia, Valerio Petrini, Alfredo De Leo, Giovanni Manfredi, Paola Russo, Lorenzo Scalise, Graziano Cerri
Sport is one of the best ways to promote the social integration of people affected by physical disability, because it helps them to increase their self-esteem by facing difficulties and overcoming their disabilities. Nowadays, a large number of sports can be easily played by visually impaired and blind athletes without any special supports, but, there are some disciplines that require the presence of a sighted guide. In this work, the attention will be focused on marathons, during which athletes with visual disorders have to be linked to the sighted guide by means of a non-stretchable elbow tether, with an evident reduction of their performance and autonomy...
February 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215059/motives-for-physical-exercise-participation-as-a-basis-for-the-development-of-patient-oriented-exercise-interventions-in-osteoarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Inga Krauss, Uwe Katzmarek, Monika A Rieger, Gorden Sudeck
BACKGROUND: Physical exercises are effective in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). There is consensus that exercise interventions should take into account the patient's preferences and needs in order to improve compliance to exercise regimes. One important personal factor is the patient's motivation for physical exercise. Health improvement is a relevant motive for exercise participation. Accordingly, exercise interventions primarily focus on health related needs such as strengthening and pain reduction...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213847/ultra-short-stem-anchorage-in-the-proximal-tibial-epiphysis-after-intercalary-tumor-resections-analysis-of-reconstruction-survival-in-four-patients-at-a-mean-follow-up-of-56-months
#11
W K Guder, J Hardes, G Gosheger, M Nottrott, A Streitbürger
INTRODUCTION: Tumors localized in the proximal tibial meta-diaphysis often lead to osteoarticular resections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively reviewed four patients who underwent intercalary tumor resection and reconstruction using an ultra-short stem in the proximal tibial epiphysis, a procedure that to our knowledge has not been reported in literature so far. RESULTS: At the time of operation, the mean patient age was 26...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212348/an-electromagnetic-sensor-for-the-autonomous-running-of-visually-impaired-and-blind-athletes-part-ii-the-wearable-device
#12
Marco Pieralisi, Valentina Di Mattia, Valerio Petrini, Alfredo De Leo, Giovanni Manfredi, Paola Russo, Lorenzo Scalise, Graziano Cerri
Currently, the availability of technology developed to increase the autonomy of visually impaired athletes during sports is limited. The research proposed in this paper (Part I and Part II) focuses on the realization of an electromagnetic system that can guide a blind runner along a race track without the need for a sighted guide. In general, the system is composed of a transmitting unit (widely described in Part I) and a receiving unit, whose components and main features are described in this paper. Special attention is paid to the definition of an electromagnetic model able to faithfully represent the physical mechanisms of interaction between the two units, as well as between the receiving magnetic sensor and the body of the user wearing the device...
February 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202823/-participation-of-people-with-epilepsy-in-sports
#13
Sadatoshi Tsuji
People with epilepsy (PWE) have been discouraged from participating in exercise and sports because of the fear of inducing seizures or increasing seizure frequency, risks associated with such activities, stigma, and overprotection. Recently, there has been a shift in the medical recommendations toward encouraging, rather than restricting, participation. Cases of exercise-induced seizures are rare. Physical activity can exert beneficial actions, such as a reduction in seizure susceptibility and the number of seizures, improvement in quality of life (QOL), and better social integration...
February 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185123/phalanx-fractures-and-dislocations-in-athletes
#14
REVIEW
Franklin Chen, David M Kalainov
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Phalangeal fractures, dislocations, and fracture-dislocations in the hand are common injuries. We review the current literature on the diagnosis and treatment of these injuries in the athlete. An understanding of the anatomy and its relationship to the mechanism of injury may help to direct appropriate management. Return to play remains an important concern to the patient-athlete. RECENT FINDINGS: Findings from recently published articles reinforce previously established treatment methods in the management of finger phalangeal fractures, dislocations, and fracture-dislocations...
March 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125675/a-special-tear-pattern-of-anterior-horn-of-the-lateral-meniscus-macerated-tear
#15
Jiapeng Zheng, Wenliang Zhai, Qiang Li, Qianxin Jia, Dasheng Lin
BACKGROUND: We describe a special, interesting phenomenon found in the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus (AHLM): most tear patterns in the AHLM are distinctive, with loose fibers in injured region and circumferential fiber bundles were separated. We name it as macerated tear. The goal of this study was to bring forward a new type of meniscal tear in the AHLM and investigate its clinical value. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AHLM tears underwent arthroscopic surgery from January 2012 to December 2014 were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124129/eponymous-terms-in-daily-practice-a-survey-among-dutch-orthopedic-surgeons
#16
Matthijs P Somford, Rebecca A Nieuwe Weme, Inger Sierevelt, Denise Eygendaal
INTRODUCTION: With a survey among Dutch orthopedic surgeons, we try to assess whether eponymous terms are still in use in daily practice. We also tried to find out whether younger generations tend to use them less than our older colleagues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a survey consisting of 57 eponymous terms, 67 participants were asked to mark the eponyms they knew and whether they used them in daily practice. RESULTS: No correlation was observed in known/used eponyms or years of experience in 58 completed surveys...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116464/-sports-cardiology-overview-of-relevant-clinical-topics
#17
R Laszlo, J Scharhag, C Burgstahler, H Striegel, J M Steinacker
Physical activity is nowadays an established therapeutic principle concerning primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases; therefore, in internal sports medicine various aspects go beyond basic cardiological knowledge and require special medical expertise (sports cardiology). Acute cardiac risk is increased during physical activity; therefore, physical activity should be individually phased under consideration of the whole clinical situation. Physical training results in a functional adaptation of the cardiovascular system...
January 23, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116463/-music-pulse-heart-and-sport
#18
REVIEW
E R Gasenzer, R Leischik
Music, with its various elements, such as rhythm, sound and melody had the unique ability even in prehistoric, ancient and medieval times to have a special fascination for humans. Nowadays, it is impossible to eliminate music from our daily lives. We are accompanied by music in shopping arcades, on the radio, during sport or leisure time activities and in wellness therapy. Ritualized drumming was used in the medical sense to drive away evil spirits or to undergo holy enlightenment. Today we experience the varied effects of music on all sensory organs and we utilize its impact on cardiovascular and neurological rehabilitation, during invasive cardiovascular procedures or during physical activities, such as training or work...
January 23, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113999/a-bayesian-additive-model-for-understanding-public-transport-usage-in-special-events
#19
Filipe Rodrigues, Stanislav Borysov, Bernardete Ribeiro, Francisco Pereira
Public special events, like sports games, concerts and festivals are well known to create disruptions in transportation systems, often catching the operators by surprise. Although these are usually planned well in advance, their impact is difficult to predict, even when organisers and transportation operators coordinate. The problem highly increases when several events happen concurrently. To solve these problems, costly processes, heavily reliant on manual search and personal experience, are usual practice in large cities like Singapore, London or Tokyo...
December 2, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103874/pharmacokinetics-and-in-vitro-efficacy-of-salicylic-acid-after-oral-administration-of-acetylsalicylic-acid-in-horses
#20
Kathrin Buntenkötter, Maren Osmers, Ina Schenk, Wilhelm Schänzer, Marc Machnik, Michael Düe, Manfred Kietzmann
BACKGROUND: Although acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is not frequently used as a therapeutic agent in horses, its metabolite SA is of special interest in equestrianism since it is a natural component of many plants used as horse feed. This led to the establishment of thresholds by horse sport organizations for SA in urine and plasma. The aim of this study was to investigate plasma and urine concentrations of salicylic acid (SA) after oral administration of three different single dosages (12...
January 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
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