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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316856/food-functionality-research-as-a-new-national-project-in-special-reference-to-improvement-of-cognitive-and-locomotive-abilities
#1
Keiko Abe, Takumi Misaka
In Japan, where a super-aging society is realized, we are most concerned about healthy longevity, which would ascertain the wellness of people by improving their quality of life (QOL). In 2014, the Cabinet Office proposed a strategic innovation promotion programme, launching a national project for the development of the agricultural-forestry-fisheries food products with new functionalities for the next generation. In addition to focusing on a conventional prevention of lifestyle-associated metabolic syndromes, the project targets the scientific evidence of the activation of brain cognitive ability and the improvement of bodily locomotive function...
January 10, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304721/epidemiology-of-shoulder-and-elbow-injuries-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-wrestlers-2009-2010-through-2013-2014
#2
Avi D Goodman, John Twomey-Kozak, Steven F DeFroda, Brett D Owens
OBJECTIVES: Examination of the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in the collegiate wrestling population is limited. Therefore, we sought to determine the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in wrestlers competing in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), and investigate the risk factors involved. METHODS: All shoulder and elbow injuries in wrestlers from the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years in the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program database were extracted...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300847/an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-sports-concussion-evaluation-and-management-the-role-of-a-neuropsychologist
#3
Summer D Ott, Christopher M Bailey, Donna K Broshek
Sports neuropsychology is a rapidly emerging field that affords neuropsychologists, the opportunity to work with a diverse group of individuals in terms of age, gender, sports, ethnicity, and language and sports has a way of bringing diverse communities together. Although working with athletes can be associated with unique challenges, neuropsychological assessment with this population and being part of an interdisciplinary sports medicine team is both exciting and rewarding and can merge a passion for sports with professional interests...
December 29, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289408/depressive-symptoms-in-the-young-athlete-after-injury-recommendations-for-research
#4
Allison R Palisch, Lisa Schaeg Merritt
It has been well documented that a serious injury to an athlete can cause psychological symptoms such as depression. However, much of the literature focuses on the collegiate athlete. Little is known about the prevalence of depressive symptoms in the young athlete who experiences an injury that adversely affects the ability to compete in his/her selected sport or may end athletic participation altogether. As sports specialization becomes increasingly widespread and age of participation becomes younger, depressive symptoms may be found in child and adolescent athletes...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246170/functional-treatment-for-fractures-to-the-base-of-the-5th-metatarsal-influence-of-fracture-location-and-fracture-characteristics
#5
Sebastian Felix Baumbach, Wolf Christian Prall, Michael Kramer, Mareen Braunstein, Wolfgang Böcker, Hans Polzer
BACKGROUND: Fractures to the base of the fifth metatarsal are common, but their treatment remains controversial. Especially for Lawrence and Botte (L&B) type II fractures, there is conflicting evidence and consequently no consensus. Further, many authors consider displacement, articular involvement, and number of fragments an indication for surgery, although evidence is missing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of functional treatment for all L&B type I and II fractures...
December 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230516/-the-distribution-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-employees-from-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-germany
#6
Andrea Kaifie, Thomas Kraus
BACKGROUND: The German Prevention Act, the main parts of which came into force on 25 July 2015, encourages health promotion and prevention programs for people in their living environment. Through this act, preventive measures could reach employees at work that hardly seek medical services. This is of importance since employees with a low occupational position often show risk factors that increase morbidity and mortality. METHODS: In this study, clinical data from n = 2280 employees from small and medium sized enterprises (SME) were analyzed for economic sector, sex, socioeconomic position (SEP), economic sector cardiovascular risk factors, musculoskeletal and psychological diseases...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207741/prevalence-of-chronic-morbidity-and-sociodemographic-profile-of-police-personnel-a-study-from-gujarat
#7
Kishankumar Maheshkumar Bhatia, Niraj Pandit
Introduction: The police personnel are special group of population that work for minimum 12 hours a day. They are at risk of various types of chronic morbidities. Aim: To determine the sociodemographic, chronic morbidity and health profile of police personnel of Vadodara district. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted on the police force of Vadodara district, Gujarat, India. The present study was the outcome of health checkup camp for police personnel...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170728/dynamics-and-control-of-separable-coupled-rigid-body-systems
#8
Kinda Khalaf, Dongming Gan, Hooshang Hemami
This paper explores the dynamics of separable coupled rigid body systems, a special class of constrained rigid body systems. These are defined as two systems that interact with each other by forces of contact, resulting in a reduction in dimensionality and complexity. The mechanics and consequences of this reduction are investigated here. The basic hypothesis and an example of the reduction in two successive steps are formulated. A simple mechanical biped model is developed and analyzed in some details by both system theoretical concepts and simulations...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#9
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158960/a-combined-treatment-approach-emphasizing-impairment-based-manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-hip-related-compensatory-injury-in-elite-athletes-a-case-series
#10
Steve Short, Gretchen Short, Donald Strack, Philip Anloague, Brian Brewster
Background/Purpose: Athletes experiencing hip, groin, and low back pain often exhibit similar clinical characteristics. Individuals with hip, groin and low back pain may have the presence of multiple concurrent pathoanatomical diagnoses. Regardless, similar regional characteristics and dysfunction may contribute to the patient's chief complaint, potentially creating a sub-group of individuals that may be defined by lumbopelvic and hip mobility limitations, motor control impairments, and other shared clinical findings...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147670/isokinetic-extension-strength-is-associated-with-single-leg-vertical-jump-height
#11
Felix Fischer, Cornelia Blank, Tobias Dünnwald, Peter Gföller, Elmar Herbst, Christian Hoser, Christian Fink
Background: Isokinetic strength testing is an important tool in the evaluation of the physical capacities of athletes as well as for decision making regarding return to sports after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in both athletes and the lay population. However, isokinetic testing is time consuming and requires special testing equipment. Hypothesis: A single-jump test, regardless of leg dominance, may provide information regarding knee extension strength through the use of correlation analysis of jump height and peak torque of isokinetic muscle strength...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135644/early-sports-specialization-an-international-perspective
#12
Angela D Smith, Julia M K Alleyne, Yannis Pitsiladis, Christian Schneider, Michael Kenihan, Demitri Constantinou, Nick Webborn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135642/introduction-to-the-special-issue-pertinent-topics-in-sports-medicine
#13
Fabio Pigozzi, Norbert Bachl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135641/the-pediatric-endurance-athlete
#14
Mary L Solomon, Susannah M Briskin, Nicole Sabatina, Jennifer E Steinhoff
Youth sports participation numbers continue to grow in the United States. A shift toward sport specialization has caused an increase in sport training frequency and intensity that places the growing athlete at risk for overtraining, nutritional deficits, and injuries. Individuals who participate in endurance sports are at especially high risk. Youth runners and swimmers are high-risk populations that require special attention to their training schedules, nutritional intake, and injuries. Appropriate scheduling of training, dedicating time to rest, and nutrition education can help prevent problems in the endurance athlete...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135275/the-effects-of-playing-multiple-high-school-sports-on-national-basketball-association-players-propensity-for-injury-and-athletic-performance
#15
Caitlin Rugg, Adarsh Kadoor, Brian T Feeley, Nirav K Pandya
BACKGROUND: Athletes who specialize in their sport at an early age may be at risk for burnout, overuse injury, and reduced attainment of elite status. Timing of sport specialization has not been studied in elite basketball athletes. HYPOTHESIS: National Basketball Association (NBA) players who played multiple sports during adolescence would be less likely to experience injury and would have higher participation rates in terms of games played and career length compared with single-sport athletes...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134043/foreword-of-the-special-issue-on-motivation-in-physical-education-sport-and-physical-activity-and-health
#16
Pedro Antonio Sánchez Miguel, Diana Amado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133575/childhood-sports-participation-and-adolescent-sport-profile
#17
François Gallant, Jennifer L O'Loughlin, Jennifer Brunet, Catherine M Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to increase understanding of the link between sport specialization during childhood and adolescent physical activity (PA). The objectives were as follows: (1) describe the natural course of sport participation over 5 years among children who are early sport samplers or early sport specializers and (2) determine if a sport participation profile in childhood predicts the sport profile in adolescence. METHODS: Participants (n = 756, ages 10-11 years at study inception) reported their participation in organized and unorganized PA during in-class questionnaires administered every 4 months over 5 years...
November 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131826/an-interactive-sports-video-game-as-an-intervention-for-rehabilitation-of-community-living-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-controlled-single-blind-crossover-study
#18
Nobuko Shimizu, Tomohiro Umemura, Masahiro Matsunaga, Takayoshi Hirai
Hypofrontality is a state of decreased cerebral blood flow in the prefrontal cortex during executive function performance; it is commonly observed in patients with schizophrenia. Cognitive dysfunction, as well as the psychological symptoms of schizophrenia, influences the ability of patients to reintegrate into society. The current study investigated the effects of an interactive sports video game (IVG; Nintendo Wii™ Sports Resort) on frontal lobe function of patients with schizophrenia. A sample of eight patients (6 male and 2 female; mean age = 46...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131779/sport-sampling-is-associated-with-improved-landing-technique-in-youth-athletes
#19
Lindsay J DiStefano, Eleanor M Beltz, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Andrew Houghton, Nicole Taranto, Katherine Pearce, Erin McConnell, Courtney Muscat, Steve Boyle, Thomas H Trojian
BACKGROUND: Sport sampling is recommended to promote fundamental movement skill acquisition and physical activity. In contrast, sport specialization is associated with musculoskeletal injury risk, burnout, and attrition from sport. There is limited evidence to support the influence of sport sampling on neuromuscular control, which is associated with injury risk, in youth athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes who participated in only 1 sport during the previous year would demonstrate higher Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) scores than their counterparts...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126698/hybrid-drug-combination-combination-of-ferulic-acid-and-metformin-as-anti-diabetic-therapy
#20
REVIEW
Rakesh Nankar, P K Prabhakar, Mukesh Doble
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ferulic acid, an anti-oxidant phytochemical present in several dietary components, is known to produce wide range of pharmacological effects. It is approved for use in food industry as a preservative and in sports food. Previous reports from our lab have shown synergistic interaction of ferulic acid with metformin in cell lines and diabetic rats. The purpose of this review is to compile information about anti-diabetic activity of ferulic acid in in vitro and in vivo models with special emphasis on activity of ferulic acid when combined with metformin...
October 24, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
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