keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychiatry research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723956/psychosis-risk-research-versus-daily-prognosis-uncertainties-a-qualitative-study-of-french-youth-psychiatrists-attitudes-toward-predictive-practices
#1
Laelia Benoit, Marie Rose Moro, Bruno Falissard, Nicolas Henckes
BACKGROUND: Over the last twenty years, predicting psychosis has become a priority of both research and policies. Those approaches include the use of the At Risk Mental State category (ARMS) and of standardized predictive tools. In comparison to most developed countries, early interventions programs are only little developed in France. However, cases of young patients presenting unclear symptoms that might be a beginning psychosis or might as well reflect some adolescent unease are commonplace in psychiatry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714650/-stigmatisation-a-widespread-problem-with-multiple-consequences
#2
Nicole Bichsel, Philippe Conus
Stigmatisation is a well known social phenomenon based on the discrimination of an individual or a sub-group of individuals by a dominant or majority group. Often discussed in the frame of psychiatry, it is also observed in other domains of medicine. It impacts not only patients, but their relatives and their children, as well as the health professionals taking care of them. Moreover, it is detrimental to the implementation of preventive strategies and induces depressive reactions, loss of self esteem and reduction of patients' quality of life...
February 22, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714607/new-insights-into-how-serotonin-selective-reuptake-inhibitors-shape-the-developing-brain
#3
REVIEW
Jay A Gingrich, Heli Malm, Mark S Ansorge, Alan Brown, Andre Sourander, Deepika Suri, Cátia M Teixeira, Martha K Caffrey Cagliostro, Darshini Mahadevia, Myrna M Weissman
Development passes through sensitive periods, during which plasticity allows for genetic and environmental factors to exert indelible influence on the maturation of the organism. In the context of central nervous system (CNS) development, such sensitive periods shape the formation of neuro-circuits that mediate, regulate, and control behavior. This general mechanism allows for development to be guided by both the genetic blueprint, as well as the environmental context. While allowing for adaptation, such sensitive periods are also windows of vulnerability during which external and internal factors can confer risk to brain disorders by derailing adaptive developmental programs...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714115/editorial-let-s-talk-about-sex-the-gender-binary-revisited
#4
EDITORIAL
Albertine J Oldehinkel
Sex refers to biological differences and gender to socioculturally delineated masculine and feminine roles. Sex or gender are included as a covariate or effect modifier in the majority of child psychology and psychiatry studies, and differences found between boys and girls have inspired many researchers to postulate underlying mechanisms. Empirical tests of whether including these proposed explanatory variables actually reduces the variance explained by gender are lagging behind somewhat. That is a pity, because a lot can be gained from a greater focus on the active agents of specific gender differences...
August 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713080/clinical-and-psychopathological-characteristics-of-the-autoagressive-behavior-in-patients-with-the-first-psychotic-episode-with-considering-circadian-rhythms
#5
Dmytro I Boiko, Lilia V Zhyvotovska, Grigorij T Sonnik, Andrij M Skrypnіkov
INTRODUCTION: The high rate of autoagressive action in patients with psychotic symptoms manifested during the beginning of active psychopharmatherapy, and they are often the reason for psychiatric help. The continuous growth of autoagressive behavior indicates the number of unsolved problems in clinical suicidology. AIM: The aim of this research was to explore the clinical and psychopathological characteristics of the autoagressive behavior in patients with the first psychotic episode with considering circadian rhythms...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709018/adhd-research-in-india-a-narrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Harshini Manohar, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Rajesh Sagar, Balaji Bharadwaj, Preeti Kandasamy
INTRODUCTION: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with no clear etiopathogenesis. Owing to unique socio cultural milieu of India, it is worthwhile reviewing research on ADHD from India and comparing findings with global research. Thereby, we attempted to provide a comprehensive overview of research on ADHD from India. METHODS: A boolean search of articles published in English from September 1966 to January 2017 on electronic search engines Google Scholar, PubMed, IndMED, MedIND, using the search terms "ADHD", "Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder", "Hyperactivity" ,"Child psychiatry", "Hyperkinetic disorder", "Attention Deficit Disorder", "India"was carried out and peer - reviewed studies conducted among human subjects in India were included for review...
July 5, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700651/metric-based-vs-peer-reviewed-evaluation-of-a-research-output-lesson-learnt-from-uk-s-national-research-assessment-exercise
#7
Kushwanth Koya, Gobinda Chowdhury
PURPOSE: There is a general inquisition regarding the monetary value of a research output, as a substantial amount of funding in modern academia is essentially awarded to good research presented in the form of journal articles, conferences papers, performances, compositions, exhibitions, books and book chapters etc., which, eventually leads to another question if the value varies across different disciplines. Answers to these questions will not only assist academics and researchers, but will also help higher education institutions (HEIs) make informed decisions in their administrative and research policies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699776/divided-we-fall-clinicians-and-academic-psychiatrists-need-to-stand-together
#8
Stephen Allison, Tarun Bastiampillai, Malcolm Battersby
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatry faces urgent problems requiring united action. These problems affect academic psychiatrists in the universities, and clinicians in publicly funded mental health services. Academic units are isolated and endangered, finding it difficult to recruit. They could benefit from closer relationships with public mental health services, in terms of recruitment, shared teaching and clinical research. However, mental health services are preoccupied with their own problems, particularly in relation to acute clinical demand...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699564/detecting-clinically-relevant-new-information-in-clinical-notes-across-specialties-and-settings
#9
Rui Zhang, Serguei V S Pakhomov, Elliot G Arsoniadis, Janet T Lee, Yan Wang, Genevieve B Melton
BACKGROUND: Automated methods for identifying clinically relevant new versus redundant information in electronic health record (EHR) clinical notes is useful for clinicians and researchers involved in patient care and clinical research, respectively. We evaluated methods to automatically identify clinically relevant new information in clinical notes, and compared the quantity of redundant information across specialties and clinical settings. METHODS: Statistical language models augmented with semantic similarity measures were evaluated as a means to detect and quantify clinically relevant new and redundant information over longitudinal clinical notes for a given patient...
July 5, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699102/-the-concept-of-schizoidia-in-psychiatry-from-schizoidia-to-schizotypy-and-cluster%C3%A2-a-personality-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Hans-Peter Kapfhammer
From a perspective of conceptual evolution schizoidia was initially considered to describe features both of the premorbid personality of schizophrenic patients and of the personalities of non-psychotic family members (Bleuler, Kahlbaum, Kraepelin). On a psychopatholocial level a close link to the complex basic symptom of autism was stressed. From the very beginnings of modern psychiatry schizoidia was discussed within a conceptual frame of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (Kretschmer, Hoch, Polatin). Approaches to operationalize these conceptual works laid the basis for the cluster A personalities in DSM-III...
July 11, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696430/neuropathology-of-suicide-recent-findings-and-future-directions
#11
P-E Lutz, N Mechawar, G Turecki
Suicide is a major public health concern and a leading cause of death in most societies. Suicidal behaviour is complex and heterogeneous, likely resulting from several causes. It associates with multiple factors, including psychopathology, personality traits, early-life adversity and stressful life events, among others. Over the past decades, studies in fields ranging from neuroanatomy, genetics and molecular psychiatry have led to a model whereby behavioural dysregulation, including suicidal behaviour (SB), develops as a function of biological adaptations in key brain systems...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695475/symptom-modelling-can-be-influenced-by-psychiatric-categories-choices-for-research-domain-criteria-rdoc
#12
Sam Fellowes
Psychiatric researchers typically assume that the modelling of psychiatric symptoms is not influenced by psychiatric categories; symptoms are modelled and then grouped into a psychiatric category. I highlight this primarily through analysing research domain criteria (RDoC). RDoC's importance makes it worth scrutinizing, and this assessment also serves as a case study with relevance for other areas of psychiatry. RDoC takes inadequacies of existing psychiatric categories as holding back causal investigation...
July 10, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690972/computational-psychiatry-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Sarah K Fineberg, Dylan Stahl, Philip Corlett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the literature on the use and potential use of computational psychiatry methods in Borderline Personality Disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Computational approaches have been used in psychiatry to increase our understanding of the molecular, circuit, and behavioral basis of mental illness. This is of particular interest in BPD, where the collection of ecologically valid data, especially in interpersonal settings, is becoming more common and more often subject to quantification...
March 2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690369/psychotherapy-in-historical-perspective
#14
Sarah Marks
This article will briefly explore some of the ways in which the past has been used as a means to talk about psychotherapy as a practice and as a profession, its impact on individuals and society, and the ethical debates at stake. It will show how, despite the multiple and competing claims about psychotherapy's history and its meanings, historians themselves have, to a large degree, not attended to the intellectual and cultural development of many therapeutic approaches. This absence has the potential consequence of implying that therapies have emerged as value-free techniques, outside of a social, economic and political context...
April 2017: History of the Human Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689498/the-slow-death-of-the-concept-of-schizophrenia-and-the-painful-birth-of-the-psychosis-spectrum
#15
S Guloksuz, J van Os
The concept of schizophrenia only covers the 30% poor outcome fraction of a much broader multidimensional psychotic syndrome, yet paradoxically has become the dominant prism through which everything 'psychotic' is observed, even affective states with mild psychosis labelled 'ultra-high risk' (for schizophrenia). The inability of psychiatry to frame psychosis as multidimensional syndromal variation of largely unpredictable course and outcome - within and between individuals - hampers research and recovery-oriented practice...
July 10, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686564/asperger-syndrome-and-schizophrenia-%C3%AE-eurodevelopmental-continuum-or-separated-clinical-entities
#16
Chr Anomitri, H Lazaratou
This article is an overview of the literature on Asperger's syndrome and schizophrenia and aim to discuss their similarities and differences. Eugen Bleuler who associated the terms "schizophrenia" and "autism" a century ago, viewed autism as a form of solitude of schizophrenic patients representing withdrawal from reality. Ever since, there has been confusion as to the boundaries between these conditions. Nowadays recent research, from a variety of perspectives-genomics, neurodevelopment, psychiatry, etc. has given new information on these conditions...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685348/validation-of-a-teaching-effectiveness-assessment-in-psychiatry-continuing-medical-education
#17
Brian A Palmer, Mark A Frye, Kristin S Vickers Douglas, Jeffrey P Staab, Robert P Bright, Cathy D Schleck, Jayawant N Mandrekar, Saswati Mahapatra, Thomas J Beckman, Christopher M Wittich
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about factors associated with effective continuing medical education (CME) in psychiatry. The authors aimed to validate a method to assess psychiatry CME teaching effectiveness and to determine associations between teaching effectiveness scores and characteristics of presentations, presenters, and participants. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Mayo Clinic Psychiatry Clinical Reviews and Psychiatry in Medical Settings...
July 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683225/book-review-extraordinary-science-and-psychiatry-responses-to-the-crisis-in-mental-health-research-extraordinary-science-and-psychiatry-responses-to-the-crisis-in-mental-health-research-poland-j-tekin-s-editors-cambridge-ma-mit-press-2017-327-p-us-50-cloth
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682462/need-to-recalibrate-research-outcomes-in-alzheimer-s-disease-focus-on-neuropsychiatric-symptoms
#19
Marco Canevelli, Matteo Cesari, Flaminia Lucchini, Martina Valletta, Michele Sabino, Eleonora Lacorte, Nicola Vanacore, Giuseppe Bruno
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) are adequately considered in clinical research on Alzheimer's disease (AD). DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) recruiting individuals with AD and published during the last 10 years in 16 major general medicine, neurology, psychiatry, and geriatric psychiatry journals and RCTs registered on clinicaltrials.gov and currently enrolling individuals with AD...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680541/understanding-the-cellular-and-molecular-alterations-in-ptsd-brains-the-necessity-of-post-mortem-brain-tissue
#20
EDITORIAL
Geertje M de Lange
The personal, social and economic burden of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is high and therapeutic approaches are only partially effective. Therefore, there is an urgent need to understand the cellular and molecular alterations in PTSD brains in order to design more effective treatment strategies. Although brain imaging strategies have considerably improved our understanding of PTSD, these strategies cannot identify molecular and cellular changes. Post-mortem examination of the brain is a crucial strategy to advance our understanding of the underlying neuropathology, neurochemistry and molecular pathways of PTSD...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
keyword
keyword
100708
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"