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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811919/trainee-experiences-of-intellectual-disability-psychiatry-and-an-innovative-leaderless-support-group-a-qualitative-study
#1
Ross Spackman, Hannah Toogood, Jayne Kerridge, Jon Nash, Elizabeth Anderson, Dheeraj Rai
Aims and method There is very little research into the challenges of training in intellectual disability psychiatry or into interventions which may address these challenges. Using focus groups, we explored the experiences of intellectual disability psychiatry trainees, and evaluated a leaderless trainee support group developed in Bristol. Results Five distinct themes were identified via framework analysis: that trainees felt unprepared for the difference from previous posts; the need for support; the value of the group; that trainees were concerned about judgement in supervision; that the group structure was valued...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808831/the-2017-escap-research-academy-workshop-bright-perspectives-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#2
Alexis Revet, Johannes Hebebrand, Paul Klauser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805423/patterns-of-psychiatric-emergency-department-utilization-among-community-dwelling-medicare-beneficiaries-under-65
#3
Jingjing Qian, Saranrat Wittayanukorn, Richard A Hansen
This study estimated patterns and trends in all-cause (any reason, including psychiatry related) and psychiatric emergency department (ED) utilization among Medicare beneficiaries under 65 who were residing in community settings (i.e., noninstitutionalized or in their own homes). Medicare beneficiaries under the age of 65 enrolled in Medicare for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) due to permanent physical or mental disabilities are a population with poor health conditions and high utilization of health services; however, this vulnerable population has received limited attention from researchers and policymakers compared to the Medicare beneficiaries 65 years and older...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805197/family-of-a-person-suffering-from-schizophrenia-in-the-context-of-a-qualitative-approach-to-understanding-the-family-as-a-system
#4
Andrzej Witusik
Qualitative analysis of the family system including a person suffering from schizophrenia is an underestimated research paradigm in modern psychiatry, clinical psychology and psychotherapy. This method is important both from the cognitive point of view and for evaluation of the effectiveness of therapy. AIM: The aim of the study was a qualitative analysis of the therapeutic process in a family whose member is suffering from schizophrenic psychosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study of the process using qualitative research methodology in the paradigm of systemic thinking pointing to the mutual interactions in the family system inducing relapses in the identified patient, with identification of triangulation processes, transgenerational myths inheritance and coalitions formed by the family members...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805182/human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-as-a-research-tool-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
J P Robbins, J Price
Human-induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) offer a novel, timely approach for investigating the aetiology of neuropsychiatric disorders. Although we are starting to gain more insight into the specific mechanisms that cause Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia, this has not resulted in therapies to slow the pathological processes. Animal models have been paramount in studying the neurobiological processes underlying psychiatric disorders. Nonetheless, these human conditions cannot be entirely recapitulated in rodents...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805155/violence-victimization-and-mental-health
#6
Vishal Bhavsar, Antonio Ventriglio
INTRODUCTION: Violence and victimization are often viewed in black and white terms by mental health professionals, an approach which is belied by more nuanced perspectives from outside psychiatry. METHODS: Given increasing empirical evidence of the pervasive burden of victimization in people with mental illness, authors focused on the available theories and evidences from the literature. RESULTS: Authors summarize the theories of victimizations, the possible measures of this phenomenon and underlie the role of research to clarify the link between psychiatry, violence and victimization...
September 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797262/when-a-parent-dies-a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-support-programs-for-parentally-bereaved-children-and-their-caregivers
#7
Ann-Sofie Bergman, Ulf Axberg, Elizabeth Hanson
BACKGROUND: The death of a parent is a highly stressful life event for bereaved children. Several studies have shown an increased risk of mental ill-health and psychosocial problems among affected children. The aims of this study were to systematically review studies about effective support interventions for parentally bereaved children and to identify gaps in the research. METHODS: The review's inclusion criteria were comparative studies with samples of parentally bereaved children...
August 10, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794897/uncovering-capgras-delusion-using-a-large-scale-medical-records-database
#8
Vaughan Bell, Caryl Marshall, Zara Kanji, Sam Wilkinson, Peter Halligan, Quinton Deeley
BACKGROUND: Capgras delusion is scientifically important but most commonly reported as single case studies. Studies analysing large clinical records databases focus on common disorders but none have investigated rare syndromes. AIMS: Identify cases of Capgras delusion and associated psychopathology, demographics, cognitive function and neuropathology in light of existing models. METHOD: Combined computational data extraction and qualitative classification using 250 000 case records from South London and Maudsley Clinical Record Interactive Search (CRIS) database...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792560/-epidemiology-of-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-among-quebec-children-and-adolescents
#9
Geneviève Piché, Marilou Cournoyer, Lise Bergeron, Marie-Ève Clément, Nicole Smolla
Epidemiology of child and adolescent mental health is a relatively new discipline, particularly in the province of Quebec. Some work has however estimated the prevalence of the most common mental disorders among young people, such as anxiety and depression, as well as identified associated individual, family and socio-economic variables. This article has two objectives: to present a review of major epidemiological research findings in child psychiatry conducted in the province of Quebec and highlight the contribution of these findings for public health...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792289/a-guide-to-psychopharmacological-treatment-of-patients-with-intellectual-disability-in-psychiatry
#10
Rosa M Molina-Ruiz, Julia Martín-Carballeda, Inmaculada Asensio-Moreno, Francisco Montañés-Rada
Background Subjects with intellectual disability are at increased risk of having comorbid psychiatric disorders and worse response to psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological treatment interventions. On the other hand, available data on best treatment approach in this population are scarce and lack scientific evidence due to methodological limitations. The present study aims to perform a systematic review of the literature to facilitate the use of psychotropic drugs in clinical practice and better establish future research targets in this field...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777106/treatment-of-eating-disorders-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#11
Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent research on the multimodal treatment of eating disorders in child and adolescent psychiatry has yielded a significant increase in randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews. This review aims to present relevant findings published during the last 2 years related to medical and psychological treatment of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). RECENT FINDINGS: For anorexia nervosa, recent reports described the efficacy of different treatment settings, lengths of hospital stay and high vs...
August 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774786/family-caregiving-a-vision-for-the-future
#12
Richard Schulz, Sara J Czaja
The authors of this review both served on the National Academy of Science, Engineering, and Medicine Committee that produced the report, "Caring for an Aging America". In this commentary we summarize key findings and recommendations most relevant to clinicians and researchers in geriatric psychiatry and related disciplines. The report notes the growing prevalence of family caregiving in the United States, especially those caring for high-need patients with multiple chronic conditions, disability, and/or cognitive impairment...
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767318/the-gut-microbiome-and-mental-health-implications-for-anxiety-and-trauma-related-disorders
#13
Stefanie Malan-Muller, Mireia Valles-Colomer, Jeroen Raes, Christopher A Lowry, Soraya Seedat, Sian M J Hemmings
Biological psychiatry research has long focused on the brain in elucidating the neurobiological mechanisms of anxiety- and trauma-related disorders. This review challenges this assumption and suggests that the gut microbiome and its interactome also deserve attention to understand brain disorders and develop innovative treatments and diagnostics in the 21st century. The recent, in-depth characterization of the human microbiome spurred a paradigm shift in human health and disease. Animal models strongly suggest a role for the gut microbiome in anxiety- and trauma-related disorders...
August 2, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767205/prevalence-and-pharmacotherapy-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-a-geriatric-psychiatry-unit-a-retrospective-analysis
#14
Arnim Quante, Atdhe Sulejmani
Objective: To observe (1) the proportion and nature of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in patients treated at a geriatric psychiatry ward in Germany over a time span of 1 year and (2) the use and effect of various pharmacologic interventions in managing BPSD in a real-world scenario. Methods: This study was a naturalistic, retrospective analysis. Between May 2015 and May 2016, 437 patients aged 65 to 100 years with various psychiatric diseases (including dementia, schizophrenia, and depression) were admitted to a geriatric psychiatry unit in Germany...
July 27, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766469/the-forsaking-of-the-clinical-eeg-by-psychiatry-how-justified
#15
Nash N Boutros
Despite decades of publications attesting to the role of the clinical EEG in diagnosing and managing psychiatric disorders, the procedure remains highly underutilized in the practice of psychiatry. The visually inspected EEG (vEEG) can detect various forms of abnormalities, each with its own clinical significance. Abnormalities can be paroxysmal (i.e., suggestive of an epileptic-like process) or stationary. The most important unanswered question remains the value of detecting epileptiform activity in a nonepileptic psychiatric patient in predicting favorable responses to anticonvulsant treatment...
August 2, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763183/-the-most-cited-themes-in-the-research-in-the-field-of-mental-health-analyses-of-six-international-nursing-and-medical-journals
#16
Laura Cunico, Susanna Fredo, Massimo Bernini
INTRODUCTION: The review aimed to identify and analyse the future development on the topic by analysing the main themes discussed in number of scientific journal focused on Mental Health both by nurses and physicians.. METHOD: 4 international journals focused on Mental health and psychiatry International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, American Journal of Psychiatry, Australian and New Zeland Journal of Psychiatry as well as two journal focused generically on health, Journal of Advanced Nursing and Lancet were scrutinized...
April 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762507/increasing-physical-activity-for-veterans-in-the-mental-health-intensive-case-management-program-a-community-based-intervention
#17
S Akeya Harrold, Julian Libet, Charlene Pope, Joy A Lauerer, Emily Johnson, Barbara J Edlund
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), experience increased mortality-20 years greater disparity for men and 15 years greater disparity for women-compared to the general population (Thornicroft G. Physical health disparities and mental illness: The scandal of premature mortality. Br J Psychiatr. 2011;199:441-442). Numerous factors contribute to premature mortality in persons with SMI, including suicide and accidental death (Richardson RC, Faulkner G, McDevitt J, Skrinar GS, Hutchinson D, Piette JD...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759775/forensic-mental-health-evaluations-of-military-personnel-with-traumatic-life-event-in-a-university-hospital-in-ankara-turkey
#18
Huseyin Balandiz, Abdullah Bolu
INTRODUCTION: The definition of psychological trauma has been rephrased with the DSM-5. From now on, witnessing someone else's traumatic event is also accepted as a traumatic life event. Therefore, the psychiatric examination of forensic cases gains importance for not overlooking a psychiatric trauma. This research aims to discuss the psychiatric examinations of military personnel who had a traumatic life event and to reveal psychiatric states of soldiers after trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The forensic reports prepared at Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA), Forensic Medicine polyclinic between January 1, 2011 and November 30, 2014 were examined, and among them the cases sent to GMMA Psychiatry polyclinic for psychiatric examination were analyzed retrospectively...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759267/the-infernal-alternatives-of-corporate-pharmaceutical-research-abandoning-psychiatry
#19
Joseph Dumit
What happens when health research is measured by market size, how does this change the dynamics of medical research, and how is it growth envisioned and managed? Building on my arguments in Drugs for Life: How Pharmaceutical Companies Define our Health, which focused primarily on the development and marketing of mass medications for heart disease, in this article I examine the market dynamics that are used to drive research into and out of psychiatric and other neuromedicines, such as the closing of mental health research at most major pharmaceutical companies...
July 31, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757227/post-intensive-care-syndrome-the-role-of-geriatric-psychiatry-in-research-practice-and-policy
#20
EDITORIAL
Leslie P Scheunemann, Elizabeth R Skidmore, Charles F Reynolds
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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