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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777875/predictors-of-low-prevalence-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-egyptian-health-care-workers-at-intensive-care-and-bronchoscopy-units
#1
Enas Mamdouh Hefzy, Ahmed Ashraf Wegdan, Radwa Ahmed Elhefny, Samar Hassan Nasser
Aim: Latent tuberculosis infections (LTBI) contain a significant reservoir for future epidemics. Screening of health care workers (HCWs) in a high-risk tuberculosis (TB) environment is an important strategy in TB control. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of LTBI among high risk Egyptian HCWs and to assess infection associated risk factors. Methods: Fifty-two HCWs who work at intensive care unit (ICU), bronchoscopy unit, and chest diseases department were tested for LTBI using both tuberculin skin test (TST) and Quantiferon TB Gold in-tube test (QFT)...
2016: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605436/development-of-an-innovative-3d-printed-rigid-bronchoscopy-training-model
#2
Jehad Al-Ramahi, Huiping Luo, Rui Fang, Adriana Chou, Jack Jiang, Tony Kille
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to create a 3D printed airway model simulating the size and mechanical properties of various age groups for foreign body removal training. METHODS: Three-dimensional printing technology was used to print the anatomically correct airway from rubber-like translucent material, simulating the mechanical properties of human airway tissue. The model's effectiveness in trainee education was evaluated by otolaryngology residents with varying levels of experience...
September 7, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495824/sedation-during-bronchoscopy-data-from-a-nationwide-sedation-and-monitoring-survey
#3
Thomas Gaisl, Daniel J Bratton, Ludwig T Heuss, Malcolm Kohler, Christian Schlatzer, Marco P Zalunardo, Martin Frey, Daniel Franzen
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge on practice patterns in procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA), the use of propofol, and monitoring during flexible bronchoscopy (FB). The purpose of this study was to assess the current practice patterns of FBs and to focus on the use of propofol, the education of the proceduralist, and the involvement of anaesthesiologists during FB. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was sent to 299 pulmonologists. Only respondents who were active physicians in adult respiratory medicine performing FB were subsequently analysed...
August 5, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352106/advances-in-pediatric-surgical-education-a-critical-appraisal-of-two-consecutive-minimally-invasive-pediatric-surgery-training-courses
#4
Colin D Gause, Grace Hsiung, Ben Schwab, Matthew Clifton, Carroll M Harmon, Katherine A Barsness
BACKGROUND: Mandates for improved patient safety and increasing work hour restrictions have resulted in changes in surgical education. Educational courses increasingly must meet those needs. We sought to determine the experience, skill level, and the impact of simulation-based education (SBE) on two cohorts of pediatric surgery trainees. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After Institutional Review Board (IRB) exempt determination, a retrospective review was performed of evaluations for an annual advanced minimally invasive surgery (MIS) course over 2 consecutive years...
August 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27058715/awareness-competencies-and-practice-patterns-in-tracheobronchomalacia-a-survey-of-pulmonologists
#5
Ismael Matus, William Richter, Sriniwasan B Mani
BACKGROUND: Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is a disorder of expiratory central airway collapse. TBM is separate from excessive dynamic airway collapse. Historically TBM has lacked a universally accepted definition. No consensus recommendations on evaluation and management exist. We suspect these unresolved issues contribute to deficits in pulmonologists' awareness and management of TBM. METHODS: We created a 20-question survey obtaining information about overall awareness, knowledge base, competencies, and practice patterns in managing TBM...
April 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27043693/a-case-report-of-cannabis-induced-hemoptysis
#6
Hafiz Rizwan Talib Hashmi, Richard Duncalf, Misbahuddin Khaja
As the principal route of marijuana use is by inhalation, potential harmful consequences on pulmonary structure and function can be anticipated. Here, we present a case of hemoptysis attributed to smoking cannabis in a 38-year-old man. The patient experienced an episode of hemoptysis and shortness of breath immediately after smoking marijuana. Chest radiograph and computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest showed bilateral diffuse ground-glass opacities. A fiber optic bronchoscopy confirmed bilateral diffuse bleeding from respiratory tract...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26903674/current-practice-of-difficult-airway-management-a-survey
#7
M C Rajesh, K Suvarna, S Indu, Taznim Mohammed, A Krishnadas, Priyanka Pavithran
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Difficult airway (DA) management depends on both training and actual usage of the various approaches in the event of difficulty. The aim of the study was to assess how well the anaesthesiologists are equipped to deal with DA situations. The current practice preference of DA management was also assessed. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed in a continuing medical education (CME) programme dedicated to DA and responses were noted and analysed, using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 18...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894392/cross-sectional-survey-on-bronchoscopy-in-germany-the-current-status-of-clinical-practice
#8
H Hautmann, J Hetzel, R Eberhardt, F Stanzel, M Wagner, A Schneider, R Dirschinger, A Poszler
OBJECTIVES: Bronchoscopy is an integral part of pulmonary medicine. In recent years, a series of new technologies have evolved. It is to assume that significant changes have also occurred in clinical practice. We conducted a nationwide survey to evaluate the current status of care and to compare it with earlier reports. METHODS: A standard questionnaire was sent to 1875 institutions to assess the clinical practice of bronchoscopy in Germany with respect to general issues, education, sedation/anaesthesia and technical aspects...
February 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26674363/common-presentation-with-uncommon-diagnosis-multifocal-epithelioid-hemangioendothelioma
#9
Susmita Kundu, Swapnendu Misra, Debabani Biswas, Ritabrata Mitra, Bidisha Ghosh Naskar
A young female patient presenting with recurrent hemoptysis, neck swelling, and mediastinal mass mimicking lymphadenopathy was admitted to the Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research and SSKM hospital, Kolkata, India. Clinical features, radiological studies, fibre optic bronchoscopy, and fine needle aspiration cytology from the neck swelling created a diagnostic dilemma until surgical resection and immunohistochemistry reports confirmed the diagnosis of multifocal epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, a rare vascular tumor with intermediate malignancy potential...
November 2015: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26510331/inhaled-foreign-bodies-in-pediatric-patients-proven-management-techniques-in-the-emergency-department
#10
REVIEW
Megan Maraynes, Konstantinos Agoritsas
Foreign body inhalation affects thousands of children every year, and it remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Inhaled organic or inorganic foreign bodies can become lodged in the posterior nasopharynx, larynx, trachea, or bronchi. Presentation of foreign body inhalation can range from nonspecific respiratory symptoms to respiratory failure associated with a choking episode. In this issue, an in-depth review of the etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of inhaled foreign bodies is presented...
October 2015: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26493397/teaching-basic-fiberoptic-intubation-skills-in-a-simulator-initial-learning-and-skills-decay
#11
Rana K Latif, Alexander Bautista, Xinyuan Duan, Aurel Neamtu, Dongfeng Wu, Anupama Wadhwa, Ozan Akça
PURPOSE: Generally, novices are taught fiberoptic intubation on patients by attending anesthesiologists; however, this approach raises patient safety concerns. Patient safety should improve if novice learners are trained for basic skills on simulators. In this educational study, we assessed the time and number of attempts required to train novices in fiberoptic bronchoscopy and fiberoptic intubation on simulators. Because decay in skills is inevitable, we also assessed fiberoptic bronchoscopy and fiberoptic intubation skill decay and the amount of effort required to regain fiberoptic bronchoscopy skill...
February 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26430203/ingested-and-aspirated-foreign-bodies
#12
S Sarah Green
Esophageal and aspirated foreign bodies have important clinical significance, and both should be considered carefully when the history or physical examination findings raise sufficient suspicion. The published evidence regarding the diagnosis and management of foreign body ingestion or aspiration is weighted disproportionately with observational studies, case controls, expert opinion, and systematic reviews. Most of the publications would receive a categorization of C (observational studies including case-control and cohort design) and D (expert opinion, case reports, and clinical reasoning)...
October 2015: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26367186/diagnostic-yield-and-complications-of-bronchoscopy-for-peripheral-lung-lesions-results-of-the-aquire-registry
#13
David E Ost, Armin Ernst, Xiudong Lei, Kevin L Kovitz, Sadia Benzaquen, Javier Diaz-Mendoza, Sara Greenhill, Jennifer Toth, David Feller-Kopman, Jonathan Puchalski, Daniel Baram, Raj Karunakara, Carlos A Jimenez, Joshua J Filner, Rodolfo C Morice, George A Eapen, Gaetane C Michaud, Rosa M Estrada-Y-Martin, Samaan Rafeq, Horiana B Grosu, Cynthia Ray, Christopher R Gilbert, Lonny B Yarmus, Michael Simoff
RATIONALE: Advanced bronchoscopy techniques such as electromagnetic navigation (EMN) have been studied in clinical trials, but there are no randomized studies comparing EMN with standard bronchoscopy. OBJECTIVES: To measure and identify the determinants of diagnostic yield for bronchoscopy in patients with peripheral lung lesions. Secondary outcomes included diagnostic yield of different sampling techniques, complications, and practice pattern variations. METHODS: We used the AQuIRE (ACCP Quality Improvement Registry, Evaluation, and Education) registry to conduct a multicenter study of consecutive patients who underwent transbronchial biopsy (TBBx) for evaluation of peripheral lesions...
January 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26121785/-monitored-anesthesia-care-for-respiratory-endoscopy
#14
Tomonori Sugawara, Toshihiro Takeda, Gotaro Shirakami
Sedation and/or analgesia are required during respiratory endoscopy procedure to reduce the patient's anxiety, unpleasantness and pain. At present most of diagnostic respiratory endoscopy cases are carried out outside the operating room without the involvement of anesthesiologists in Japan. Inadequate anesthesia/sedation may cause patient's discomfort and/or serious injury. Anesthesiologists are expected to play a part in the sedation and analgesia education/training for nonanesthesiologists to ameliorate patient satisfaction and safety...
March 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25917552/a-randomized-multi-institutional-crossover-comparison-of-the-glidescope%C3%A2-cobalt-video-laryngoscope-to-the-flexible-fiberoptic-bronchoscope-in-a-pierre-robin-manikin
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
John E Fiadjoe, Matthew Hirschfeld, Stephan Wu, James Markley, Harshad Gurnaney, Abbas F Jawad, Paul Stricker, Todd Kilbaugh, Patrick Ross, Pete Kovatsis
BACKGROUND: The GlideScope Cobalt Video laryngoscope is being used more often in children with challenging laryngoscopy. There are, however, no pediatric trials comparing it to flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy, the current accepted gold standard. This preliminary manikin study compares the first-attempt intubation success of the GlideScope Cobalt video laryngoscope to the flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope when performed by attending pediatric anesthesiologists at two major pediatric centers...
August 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25853718/how-parents-lack-of-awareness-could-be-associated-with-foreign-body-aspiration-in-children
#16
Alkistis Adramerina, Spyridon Xatzigeorgiou, Chrysoula Spanou, Fotios Tzanetis, Charalambos Neocleous
Foreign body aspiration (FBA) in preschool children is a worldwide challenging clinical problem that can result in life-threatening complications. Three cases of FBA in preschool children are presented. All the children were admitted to the hospital with asthma-like symptoms, without any aspiration history. Although FBA was considered in differential diagnosis, there was no strong evidence to support this diagnosis. The persistence of symptoms despite the appropriate treatment for the asthma symptoms was the main reason for the reconsideration of FBA...
February 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25748872/danish-guidelines-2015-for-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#17
Kristian Rørbæk Madsen, Henrik Guldager, Mikael Rewers, Sven-Olaf Weber, Kurt Købke-Jacobsen, Jonathan White
Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy is a common procedure in intensive care. This updated Danish national guideline describes indications, contraindications and complications, and gives recommendations for timing, anaesthesia, and technique, use of fibre bronchoscopy and ultrasound guidance, as well as decannulation strategy, training, and education.
March 2015: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25741903/complications-following-therapeutic-bronchoscopy-for-malignant-central-airway-obstruction-results-of-the-aquire-registry
#18
David E Ost, Armin Ernst, Horiana B Grosu, Xiudong Lei, Javier Diaz-Mendoza, Mark Slade, Thomas R Gildea, Michael Machuzak, Carlos A Jimenez, Jennifer Toth, Kevin L Kovitz, Cynthia Ray, Sara Greenhill, Roberto F Casal, Francisco A Almeida, Momen Wahidi, George A Eapen, Lonny B Yarmus, Rodolfo C Morice, Sadia Benzaquen, Alain Tremblay, Michael Simoff
BACKGROUND: There are significant variations in how therapeutic bronchoscopy for malignant airway obstruction is performed. Relatively few studies have compared how these approaches affect the incidence of complications. METHODS: We used the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) Quality Improvement Registry, Evaluation, and Education (AQuIRE) program registry to conduct a multicenter study of patients undergoing therapeutic bronchoscopy for malignant central airway obstruction...
August 2015: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25734613/gaps-in-capacity-for-respiratory-care-in-developing-countries-nigeria-as-a-case-study
#19
Daniel Obaseki, Bamidele Adeniyi, Tolulope Kolawole, Cajetan Onyedum, Gregory Erhabor
There are unmet needs for respiratory medical care in developing countries. We sought to evaluate the quality and capacity for respiratory care in low- and lower-middle-income countries, using Nigeria as a case study. We obtained details of the respiratory practice of consultants and senior residents (fellows) in respiratory medicine in Nigeria via a semistructured questionnaire administered to physician attendees at the 2013 National Congress of the Nigerian Thoracic Society. Out of 76 society-registered members, 48 attended the congress, 40 completed the questionnaire, and 35 provided complete data (73% adjusted response rate)...
April 2015: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25700209/simulation-for-skills-based-education-in-pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine
#20
REVIEW
Jakob I McSparron, Gaetane C Michaud, Patrick L Gordan, Colleen L Channick, Momen M Wahidi, Lonny B Yarmus, David J Feller-Kopman, Samir S Makani, Seth J Koenig, Paul H Mayo, Kevin L Kovitz, Carey C Thomson
The clinical practice of pulmonary and critical care medicine requires procedural competence in many technical domains, including vascular access, airway management, basic and advanced bronchoscopy, pleural procedures, and critical care ultrasonography. Simulation provides opportunities for standardized training and assessment in procedures without placing patients at undue risk. A growing body of literature supports the use and effectiveness of low-fidelity and high-fidelity simulators for procedural training and assessment...
April 2015: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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