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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721117/experiential-learning-in-physical-therapy-education
#1
Susan N Smith, Amy F Crocker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Experiential learning can provide students in entry-level physical therapy (PT) education programs the opportunity to practice skills and techniques, learned in the classroom, in a real-world setting. Experiential learning is currently being utilized in all entry-level PT programs in the form of professional practice experiences but may be integrated throughout the curriculum to enhance student engagement and knowledge application and retention. The purpose of this paper is to express the need for increased integration of experiential learning into entry-level PT education curricula...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705242/non-communicable-diseases-and-related-risk-behaviors-among-men-and-women-living-with-hiv-in-cambodia-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Pheak Chhoun, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Khuondyla Pal, Martin Steel, Jennifer Dionisio, Hattie Pearson, Gitau Mburu, Carinne Brody, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: There is a growing concern for an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in people living with HIV. This concern is evident especially in developing countries where dietary and lifestyle risk factors associated with NCDs are becoming more prominent. This study explored the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia and related risk factors in men and women living with HIV in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 510 adult people living with HIV randomly selected from one city and four provinces in Cambodia...
July 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693878/depression-and-health-related-quality-of-life-and-their-association-with-resourcefulness-in-survivors-of-prostate-cancer
#3
Hung-Yu Lin, Hui-Ling Lai, Chun-I Chen, Chiung-Yu Huang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the determinants of depressive symptoms (DSs) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in survivors of prostate cancer (PC). METHODS: This study used a descriptive, correlational design to assess a sample of 133 individuals with PC. The participants were face-to-face interviewed to collect demographic data and disease characteristics, assess self-control schedule, and survey health status. Correlation analysis, Student's t-test, ANOVA, and regression analysis were applied...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674509/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-music-performance-anxiety-a-pilot-study-with-student-vocalists
#4
David G Juncos, Glenn A Heinrichs, Philip Towle, Kiera Duffy, Sebastian M Grand, Matthew C Morgan, Jonathan D Smith, Evan Kalkus
This study investigated the use of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) as a treatment for music performance anxiety (MPA) in an uncontrolled pilot design. ACT is a newer, "third-wave" therapy that differs from previous MPA treatments, because its goal is not to reduce symptoms of MPA. Rather, ACT aims to enhance psychological flexibility in the presence of unwanted symptoms through the promotion of six core processes collectively known as the ACT "Hexaflex." A small group of student vocalists (N = 7) from an elite choral college were recruited using objective criteria for evaluating MPA...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669144/cross-validation-of-a-team-based-learning-student-perception-scale-in-the-united-states
#5
Donald H Lein, John D Lowman, Christopher A Eidson, Hon K Yuen
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to cross-validate the factor structure of a previously developed Student Perceptions of Team-Based Learning (TBL) scale for medical students in an entry-level Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) program in the United States. Methods: Toward the end of two patient/client management courses, 115 DPT students completed the Student Perceptions of TBL questionnaire, with a response rate of 87%. Principal component analysis (PCA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted to replicate and confirm the underlying factor structure of the scale...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648264/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-interprofessional-education-in-nutrition-as-an-essential-component-of-medical-education
#6
Lisa A Hark, Darwin Deen
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) should play a significant role in educating medical students, residents, fellows, and physicians in practice. The more physicians learn about the effectiveness of nutrition for the prevention and treatment of noncommunicable diseases, the more likely they are to consult with RDNs and refer patients for medical nutrition therapy. The more interprofessional education that occurs between medical students, other health professional students, and RDNs, the more likely all health care professionals will understand and value the role of the RDN in improving the quality of care provided to patients...
July 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639076/conservative-treatment-for-lumbar-compartment-syndrome-shows-efficacy-over-2-year-follow-up-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Haruhisa Kanaya, Makoto Enokida, Shinji Tanishima, Ikuta Hayashi, Atsushi Tanida, Hideki Nagashima
BACKGROUND: Since in all studies of conservative treatment of lumbar compartment syndrome the follow-up duration was less than 6 months, it is difficult to draw firm conclusions. PURPOSE: To report a patient with lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome who was treated conservatively over a follow-up period of 2 years. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report of a 23-year-old male college student with lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome who was treated conservatively...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637146/instilling-positive-beliefs-about-disabilities-pilot-testing-a-novel-experiential-learning-activity-for-rehabilitation-students
#8
Arielle M Silverman, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Ian K Nelson, Patricia N Matsuda, Deborah Kartin, Ivan R Molton
PURPOSE: To develop and test a novel impairment simulation activity to teach beginning rehabilitation students how people adapt to physical impairments. METHODS: Masters of Occupational Therapy students (n = 14) and Doctor of Physical Therapy students (n = 18) completed the study during the first month of their program. Students were randomized to the experimental or control learning activity. Experimental students learned to perform simple tasks while simulating paraplegia and hemiplegia...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632008/a-cloud-with-a-silver-lining-helping-students-learn-about-professionalism
#9
Rhea J Cohn, Margaret M Plack
PROBLEM: Educators face many challenges in teaching professionalism. Despite attempts to define professionalism, it remains abstract for students and often not fully appreciated until they are in clinic. Without a way to make it personally relevant, students will likely be less motivated to learn. INTERVENTION: We used student-generated word clouds to facilitate reflection and discussions, thereby helping students make their perceptions of professionalism more explicit...
July 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613407/school-mental-healthcare-services-using-internet-based-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-young-male-athletes-in-japan
#10
Ryo Sekizaki, Takahiro Nemoto, Naohisa Tsujino, Chieko Takano, Chie Yoshida, Taiju Yamaguchi, Naoyuki Katagiri, Yutaka Ono, Masafumi Mizuno
AIM: Preventive intervention and treatment using internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) can be easily administered to school students, as they are quite familiar with internet tools. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness and contribution of iCBT to mental healthcare in a school setting. METHODS: Eighty Japanese high school boys who were participating in a sports specialist course were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to either the iCBT intervention group or the control group...
June 14, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595115/the-weakest-link-as-an-indicator-of-cognitive-vulnerability-differentially-predicts-symptom-dimensions-of-anxiety-in-adolescents-in-china
#11
Junyi Wang, Danyang Wang, Lixia Cui, Chad M McWhinnie, Li Wang, Jing Xiao
This multiwave longitudinal study examined the cognitive vulnerability-stress component of hopelessness theory to differentially predict symptom dimensions of anxiety using a "weakest link" approach in a sample of adolescents from Hunan Province, China. Baseline and 6-month follow-up data were obtained from 553 middle-school students. During an initial assessment, participants completed measures of assessing their weakest links, anxious symptoms, and the occurrence of stress. Participants subsequently completed measures assessing stress, and anxious symptoms one a month for six months...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561872/prevalence-and-predictors-of-anxiety-in-doctor-of-physical-therapy-students
#12
Kelly Macauley, Laura Plummer
Anxiety is a condition with multiple physical manifestations and sequelae, including negatively impacting learning. The prevalence of anxiety and the factors that predict it in health professions students are unknown. The current study assessed the prevalence of anxiety in DPT students and examined the predictors of anxiety. The findings showed high student anxiety levels that were analogous to military recruits. Female gender and low GPA were predictors of anxiety in the sample. Further research is necessary to determine other factors that contribute to anxiety so that interventions to reduce anxiety in health professions students can be initiated...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561870/physical-therapist-students-perceptions-from-performing-strength-and-conditioning-training-academic-professional-and-clinical-benefits
#13
Kelly M Meiners, Christina M Wisdom
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this qualitative study was to assess the perceptions of Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students in performing collegiate athletes' strength and conditioning training. METHODS: Four DPT students with the Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) credential voluntarily provided collegiate athletes strength and conditioning training. Students were interviewed to obtain their perceptions of how the experience impacted performance in DPT school and perceptions of anticipated future benefits...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561863/academic-achievement-perceived-stress-admission-data-and-sociodemographic-background-among-therapy-students-in-israel
#14
Tamar Jacob, Ofira Einstein
BACKGROUND: Academic achievement (AA) is of great importance in the academic world. The aims of this study were to: 1) identify contributors to AA of physical therapy (PT) students; 2) evaluate students' perceived stress (PS); and 3) identify contributors to PS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving three undergraduate PT classes in a single academic year was performed 1 week prior to final examinations. Current grade point average (GPA) and admission data were collected from administrative records...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561862/a-volunteer-basketball-clinic-for-children-with-disabilities-professional-development-impact-on-student-athletes-and-physical-therapy-students
#15
Peter Altenburger, Anne M Wilson
The purpose of this study was to assess the change in perceptions of student-athletes, physical therapy students, and parents of children who helped to facilitate an athletic skills camp for children with disabilities. Participants experienced 3 hours of basketball activity yearly. Data were collected for 3 consecutive years from a total of 51 parents, 15 student-athletes, and 22 physical therapy students. Pre- and post-survey data were evaluated by two independent researchers. Common themes were developed for all participant groups and cross-group comparisons were evaluated...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551315/prevalence-of-exercise-addiction-symptomology-and-disordered-eating-in-australian-students-studying-nutrition-and-dietetics
#16
Tetyana Rocks, Fiona Pelly, Gary Slater, Lisa Anne Martin
BACKGROUND: Previous research has reported the existence of disordered eating in students studying nutrition and dietetics. However, the occurrence of exercise addiction, previously linked to disordered eating, is poorly understood in this group. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to explore the prevalence of self-reported symptoms of exercise addiction and the association with disordered eating in a sample of students studying nutrition and dietetics...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541100/patient-education-and-mind-diversion-in-supportive-care
#17
Salima Sadruddin, Rafat Jan, Adnan A Jabbar, Kashmira Nanji, Ambreen Tharani Name
Cancer is a growing health problem worldwide. Common treatments include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Systemic anti-cancer medications often result in an array of physical and psychological side effects. Supportive care assists patients with cancer in managing multidimensional symptoms that result from treatment or the illness itself. This review discusses supportive care and examines patient counselling and mind-diversion activities, which are safe and cost-effective strategies. Improving cancer patients' health and wellbeing should be encouraged in oncology nursing practice and by teaching students the knowledge and skills needed to provide supportive care...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538445/a-national-survey-on-the-use-of-immersive-simulation-for-interprofessional-education-in-physical-therapist-education-programs
#18
Brad Stockert, Patricia J Ohtake
INTRODUCTION: There is growing recognition that collaborative practice among healthcare professionals is associated with improved patient outcomes and enhanced team functioning, but development of collaborative practitioners requires interprofessional education (IPE). Immersive simulation, a clinically relevant experience that deeply engages the learner in realistic clinical environments, is used increasingly for IPE. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of immersive simulation as a strategy for IPE in physical therapist (PT) education programs...
May 20, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533696/experience-of-dysmenorrhea-among-a-group-of-physical-therapy-students-from-cairo-university-an-exploratory-study
#19
Dalia M Kamel, Sayed A Tantawy, Gehan A Abdelsamea
INTRODUCTION: Dysmenorrhea is a condition describing the painful cramps that women feel before or during the menstrual period. While dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecologic complaint affecting adolescent and young women and there has been significant progress in understanding its pathophysiology and managing the symptoms, many young women do not seek medical consultation and remain untreated. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of dysmenorrhea, its physical impact, and associated coping behaviors among university students...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533588/transformative-learning-experience-for-physical-therapy-students-through-a-community-health-promotion-project-for-mothers-of-hearing-challenged-children
#20
Masami Yokogawa, Masako Notoya, Sachiko Madokoro
[Purpose] The purpose of this project was to expose physical therapy students to transformative learning through a community health promotion project for mothers of hearing-challenged children. [Subjects and Methods] The participants were three mothers with their respective hearing-challenged child and twenty physical therapy students. The project consisted of seven sessions supervised throughout by a physical therapy instructor. The students participated in seven sessions, while the mothers were required to attend only two sessions of a health checkup and exercise program...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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