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Dural fistula malformation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780588/spontaneous-resolution-of-low-flow-spinal-arteriovenous-fistulas
#1
Joe Kang, Lydia Gregg, Philippe Gailloud
PURPOSE: Spinal vascular anomalies with arteriovenous blood shunting include spinal arteriovenous malformations (SAVMs) and spinal arteriovenous fistulas (SAVFs), which are distinguished by the presence or absence of an interposed nidus. SAVFs can be further characterized based on their location (perimedullary, dural, or extradural) and flow pattern (high-flow versus low-flow shunts). The spontaneous resolution of a spinal vascular malformation, i.e., the complete disappearance-in the absence of therapeutic measures-of a lesion previously identified by angiography, seems to represent an exceptional phenomenon...
August 5, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768818/sofia-intermediate-catheter-and-the-snake-technique-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-sofia-catheter-without-guidewire-or-microcatheter-construct
#2
Jeremy J Heit, Johnny Hy Wong, Adrienne M Mofaff, Nicholas A Telischak, Robert L Dodd, Michael P Marks, Huy M Do
BACKGROUND: Neurointerventional surgeries (NIS) benefit from supportive endovascular constructs. Sofia is a soft-tipped, flexible, braided single lumen intermediate catheter designed for NIS. Sofia advancement from the cervical to the intracranial circulation without a luminal guidewire or microcatheter construct has not been described. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the new Sofia Non-wire Advancement techniKE (SNAKE) for advancement of the Sofia into the cerebral circulation...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729296/analysis-of-30-spinal-angiograms-falsely-reported-as-normal-in-18-patients-with-subsequently-documented-spinal-vascular-malformations
#3
P Barreras, D Heck, B Greenberg, J-P Wolinsky, C A Pardo, P Gailloud
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The early diagnosis of spinal vascular malformations suffers from the nonspecificity of their clinical and radiologic presentations. Spinal angiography requires a methodical approach to offer a high diagnostic yield. The prospect of false-negative studies is particularly distressing when addressing conditions with a narrow therapeutic window. The purpose of this study was to identify factors leading to missed findings or inadequate studies in patients with spinal vascular malformations...
July 20, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698085/modified-park-bench-position-for-superior-vermian-arteriovenous-malformations-and-dural-fistulas
#4
Rouzbeh Motiei-Langroudi, Christoph J Griessenauer, Abdulrahman Y Alturki, Paul H Chapman, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ajith J Thomas
OBJECTIVES: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the superior cerebellar vermis and dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) draining into tentorial venous structures are uncommon lesions. Various surgical approaches and positions have been used to gain access. METHODS: We present our experience with 10 superior vermian AVMs and 3 dAVFs with retrograde transverse sinus or torcular drainage, each resected through a supracerebellar infratentorial approach in park bench position with modification of the neck and head position (vertex tilt-up instead of down)...
July 8, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684369/concomitant-lumbosacral-perimedullary-arteriovenous-fistula-and-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula
#5
Jingwei Li, Guilin Li, Lisong Bian, Tao Hong, Jiaxing Yu, Hongqi Zhang, Feng Ling
BACKGROUND: Although multifocal spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) have been reported before, the present case is the first case of 2 different types, including 1 perimedullary arteriovenous fistula and 2 spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas of lumbosacral AVMs, coexisting in 1 patient. We also report the use of hybrid techniques in treatment of concomitant lumbosacral spinal AVMs. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 65-year-old man presented with a 4-year history of progressive sensory, motor, and sphincter dysfunction...
July 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675347/rare-association-between-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-and-dysraphisms-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature-with-a-focus-on-pitfalls-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#6
Talenti Giacomo, Vitale Giovanni, Cester Giacomo, Alessandro Della Puppa, Faggin Roberto, Causin Francesco
Spinal vascular malformations are uncommon yet important spinal pathologies commonly classified in congenital and acquired lesions. Spinal lipomas consist of three subtypes: intramedullary lipomas, lipomyelo(meningo)celes and lipomas of the filum. Although the association of spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVM) with other congenital anomalies is well known, the coexistence of dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) and tethered spinal cord is exceptionally rare and only eight cases have been reported. We present two cases from our institution and speculate on the possible origin of such a rare but insidious association...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634312/-a-case-of-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-in-the-anterior-cranial-fossa-that-developed-remote-from-the-craniotomy-site-after-surgery
#7
Ichiro Kawahara, Takashi Fujimoto, Makoto Hirose, Keisuke Toyoda, Naoki Kitagawa
Dural arteriovenous fistula(dAVF)is relatively rare, and its etiology remains uncertain. Generally, dAVF is thought to be acquired and has been reported to develop secondary to sinus thrombosis, head injury, infection, and surgery. We report a rare case of dAVF in the anterior cranial fossa that developed remote from the craniotomy site after surgery. A 52-year-old man underwent surgery for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage 4 years prior. Perioperative imaging modalities demonstrated no abnormal vascular malformation except for an un-ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm...
June 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552142/endovascular-management-of-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas
#8
Patrick A Brown, Ali R Zomorodi, L Fernando Gonzalez
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVF) are the most common subset of the larger group of spinal vascular malformations. In this chapter, we discuss the definition, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of spinal dAVF. Special attention is given to clinical approach, imaging, and diagnosis with discussion of newer spinal magnetic resonance angiographic techniques. Endovascular management techniques are discussed, including technical and safety considerations for the performance of spinal angiography and various methods of embolization...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552141/spinal-arteriovenous-fistulae-surgical-management
#9
Arthur L Day, Ali Hassoun Turkmani, P Roc Chen
Spinal vascular malformations include several types of pathologic entities with multiple variations in their neurologic presentation and risks. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae (SDAVF) are the most frequent type, and account for 70% of all lesions affecting the spinal cord. The nonspecific early neurologic symptoms of SDAVF often make early diagnosis of this clinical entity challenging, and a delay in diagnosis or appropriate treatment often has devastating consequences on spinal cord function. The lesion can invariably be obliterated with surgical occlusion of the intradural arterialized venous reflux, and progression of neurologic deficits is usually arrested and sometimes reversed...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552133/endovascular-management-of-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas
#10
Celene B Mulholland, M Yashar S Kalani, Felipe C Albuquerque
Dural arteriovenous fistulas are a heterogeneous group of lesions that comprise 10-15% of intracranial vascular malformations. The treatment strategy is devised after careful consideration of the arterial supply, venous drainage, clinical presentation, and risk of progression, hemorrhage, or neurologic decline. With recent advancements in endovascular technology, the majority of dural arteriovenous fistulas can be treated with either transarterial or transvenous embolization. Those that cannot be fully treated by endovascular means are approached with either adjuvant surgery or radiotherapy...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552132/surgical-management-of-cerebral-dural-arteriovenous-fistulae
#11
Martin J Rutkowski, Brian Jian, Michael T Lawton
Dural arteriovenous fistulae are high flow, low resistance intracranial vascular malformations defined by an aberrant connection between an artery and dural vein or sinus. Symptomatology and presentation are highly dependent on location, generally categorized as supratentorial, tentorial, or infratentorial, and consist primarily of sequelae secondary to local venous hypertension, insufficiency, and cortical venous reflux. Surgery is generally reserved for high risk or persistently symptomatic lesions that are unamenable or unresponsive to endovascular therapy...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524790/cognard-type-v-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-presenting-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-rapid-progressive-myelopathy
#12
Walter J Jermakowicz, Alexander G Weil, Artyom Vlasenko, Sanjiv Bhatia, Toba N Niazi
Cognard Type V dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are a unique type of cranial vascular malformation characterized by congestion of the perimedullary venous system that may lead to devastating spinal cord pathology if left untreated. The authors present the first known case of a pediatric patient diagnosed with a Type V dAVF. A 14-year-old girl presented with a 3-week history of slowly progressive unilateral leg weakness that quickly progressed to bilateral leg paralysis, sphincter dysfunction, and complete sensory loss the day of her presentation...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521353/intraoperative-angiography-for-arteriovenous-malformation-resection-in-the-prone-and-lateral-positions-using-upper-extremity-arterial-access
#13
Erez Nossek, David J Chalif, Razvan Buciuc, Eric J Gandras, Erich G Anderer, Sal Insigna, Amir R Dehdashti, Avi Setton
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative angiography is routinely utilized for aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) to verify complete occlusion and resection. Surgery for spinal and posterior fossa neurovascular lesions is usually performed in prone position. Intraoperative angiography in the prone position is challenging and there is no standardized protocol for this procedure. OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with intraoperative angiography in the prone and lateral positions, using upper extremity arterial access...
June 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515372/spinal-arteriovenous-shunts-angioarchitecture-and-historical-changes-in-classification
#14
Keisuke Takai
The purposes of this study were to review historical changes in the classification of spinal arteriovenous (AV) shunts and to propose a practical classification system. The associated literature regarding the classification of spinal AV shunts was reviewed in the angiography era between 1967 and 2015. The classification systems of spinal AV shunts and a proposed classification system were presented with neuroradiological imaging and medical illustrations. There have been seven major classification systems based on the evolution of diagnostic methods as well as treatments for spinal AV shunts: the first description of spinal AV shunts diagnosed and classified using spinal angiography in 1971; the second classification based on a case report of intradural direct perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) treated by microsurgery in 1987; the third classification based on a case series of intradural perimedullary AVFs treated by endovascular interventions in 1993; the fourth and fifth classification systems based on a case series of spinal AVFs and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated by microsurgery or endovascular interventions in 2002; the sixth classification based on a case series of cranio-spinal dural AV shunts in 2009; and the seventh classification based on a case series of extradural AVFs treated by microsurgery and endovascular interventions in 2011...
May 18, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491192/a-case-report-of-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-origins-determinants-and-consequences-of-abnormal-vascular-malformations
#15
Sherry M Zakhary, Christopher L Hoehmann, Joshua A Cuoco, Kyle Hitscherich, Hamid Alam, German Torres
A spinal dural arteriovenous fistula is an abnormally layered connection between radicular arteries and venous plexus of the spinal cord. This vascular condition is relatively rare with an incidence of 5-10 cases per million in the general population. Diagnosis of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula is differentiated by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography or structural magnetic resonance imaging, but a definitive diagnosis requires spinal angiography methods. Here, we report a case of a 67-year-old female with a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula, provide a pertinent clinical history to the case nosology, and discuss the biology of adhesive proteins, chemotactic molecules, and transcription factors that modify the behavior of the vasculature to possibly cause sensorimotor deficits...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436714/a-hemorrhagic-complication-after-onyx-embolization-of-a-tentorial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-a-caution-about-subdural-extension-with-pial-arterial-supply
#16
Kenichi Sato, Yasushi Matsumoto, Hidenori Endo, Teiji Tominaga
We report a case of tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with a severe intracranial hemorrhage occurring after Onyx embolization. A 40-year-old man presented with an asymptomatic tentorial DAVF on angiography. Transarterial embolization with Onyx was performed via the middle meningeal artery, and the cast filled the fistula itself and its proximal draining vein. Postoperative angiography confirmed complete occlusion of the DAVF. A computed tomography scan performed immediately after the procedure demonstrated an acute subdural hematoma with the temporal hemorrhage...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427974/factors-predicting-spontaneous-thrombosis-of-aggressive-cranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas
#17
Santhosh Kumar Kannath, Jayadevan Enakshy Rajan, Amirtendu Mukherjee, Sankara Sarma P
BACKGROUND: Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with cortical venous drainage is known to be aggressive in clinical course and is usually managed promptly. Spontaneous resolution of DAVF is a rare phenomenon and usually occurs in benign fistulas. Spontaneous thrombosis of aggressive DAVF is an extremely rare occurrence. The present study aimed to identify the incidence and factors determining spontaneous resolution of aggressive DAVF. METHODS: All patients presenting to our institution with suspected DAVF during the study period (July 2013 to December 2015) were prospectively enrolled into a database...
July 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366753/the-position-and-role-of-four-dimensional-computed-tomography-angiography-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-spinal-arteriovenous-fistulas
#18
Satoshi Yamaguchi, Kohei Takemoto, Masaaki Takeda, Yosuke Kajihara, Takafumi Mitsuhara, Manish Kolakshyapati, Kazutoshi Mukada, Kaoru Kurisu
BACKGROUND: Localization of the arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a crucial step in the diagnosis and treatment of spinal vascular malformations (VMs). Noninvasive angiographic techniques such as dynamic magnetic resonance angiography and three-dimensional computed tomography angiography (CTA) have been used as standard modalities to localize AVF. With the increasing prevalence of high-specification computed tomography scanners, four-dimensional (4D) CTA is being increasingly used in the evaluation of cerebrovascular disorders...
July 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345540/epidemiological-features-of-nontraumatic-spontaneous-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-china-a-nationwide-hospital-based-multicenter-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jian-Ping Song, Wei Ni, Yu-Xiang Gu, Wei Zhu, Liang Chen, Bin Xu, Bin Leng, Yan-Long Tian, Ying Mao
BACKGROUND: Nontraumatic spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with a high mortality. This study was conducted to investigate the epidemiological features of nontraumatic spontaneous SAH in China. METHODS: From January 2006 to December 2008, the clinical data of patients with nontraumatic SAH from 32 major neurosurgical centers of China were evaluated. Emergent digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was performed for the diagnosis of SAH sources in the acute stage of SAH (≤3 days)...
April 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315801/use-of-indocyanine-green-fluorescence-endoscopy-to-treat-concurrent-perimedullary-and-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-in-the-cervical-spine
#20
Akira Ito, Toshiki Endo, Tomoo Inoue, Hidenori Endo, Kenichi Sato, Teiji Tominaga
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative microscopic fluorescence angiography using indocyanine green (ICG) provides visual information on real-time blood flow. However, this method cannot be applied for lesions that are not visible under microscopic imaging because excitation light does not reach the targeted vascular structures. Endoscope-integrated ICG video-angiography has recently been advocated to compensate for this limitation. This is the first reported case of a spinal arteriovenous malformation in which endoscope-integrated ICG video-angiography was successfully used...
May 2017: World Neurosurgery
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