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Xiao-Mei Shi, Gao-Chao Fan, Xueying Tang, Qingming Shen, Jun-Jie Zhu
Sensitive and specific detection of DNA is of great significance for clinical diagnosis. In this paper, an effective cascade signal amplification strategy was introduced into photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensor for ultrasensitive detection of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) DNA. This proposed signal amplification strategy integrates λ-exonuclease (λ-Exo) aided target recycling with hybridization chain reaction (HCR) and enzyme catalysis. In the presence of target DNA (tDNA) of HTLV-I, the designed hairpin DNA (h1 DNA) hybridized with tDNA, subsequently recognized and cleaved by λ-Exo to set free tDNA...
March 13, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Neyla Ben Gdara, Amel Belgacem, Ikram Khemiri, Safa Mannai, Lotfi Bitri
In this study, phycocyanin (Pc) extracted from Spirulina platensis was used to evaluate its antioxidants effects after ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) using the ex-vivo model of isolated perfused rat liver. The rats were divided into eight groups : Control group, where livers were directly perfused after their removal; Cold Ischemia group (CI), livers were treated in the same way as the control group, except that after their collection, they were stored for 12 h and 24 h in the Krebs Henseleit (KH) preservation solution at 4 °C and Treated group (PHY), livers were preserved in the same way as the preceding group except that the KH solution was enriched with phycocyanin at two different concentrations...
March 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Jill N Tirabassi, Lucianne Olewinski, Morteza Khodaee
BACKGROUND: Significant elevations of traditional biomarkers of liver injury can occur as a result of running an ultramarathon. HYPOTHESIS: Traditional serum biomarker levels of liver injury will significantly increase as the result of participating in this 161-km race at altitude. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: A total of 64 (before) and 83 (after) volunteer runners participated in a prospective observational field-based study at the Leadville 100 ultramarathon race...
March 1, 2018: Sports Health
Zübeyir Huyut, Nuri Bakan, Serkan Yıldırım, Hamit Hakan Alp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Gokhan Boyraz, Fatma Oz Atalay, Mehmet Coskun Salman, Alp Usubutun, Anil Erturk, Murat Gultekin, Nejat Ozgul, Kunter Yuce
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare Mayo and Milwaukee risk stratification models for predicting lymphatic dissemination in patients with endometrial cancer (EC). METHODS: A total of 904 patients with EC underwent surgical treatment between 2004 and 2016 at Hacettepe University Hospital, and clinicopathological data of patients were retrieved from the computerized database of the Hacettepe University. Patients who did not undergo lymphadenectomy and who had nonendometrioid histology, stage-IV disease, and synchronous epithelial ovarian and EC were excluded...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Guo Liu, Shengwei Sun, Baoyan Guo, Benchun Miao, Zhen Luo, Zumeng Xia, Danyang Ying, Fei Liu, Bin Guo, Jian Tang, Yong Cao, Jianyin Miao
Casein phosphopeptides (CPPs) have been demonstrated to be calcium chelators. Unfortunately, few studies have been reported on the effects of CPPs on the mechanism of the uptake and absorption of Ca2+ and bone metabolism. In this study, a monomeric peptide fraction isolated by RP-HPLC (F6-1) that possessed high calcium transport capacity in Caco-2 cell monolayers was separated and characterized. The effects of F6-1 on the absorption mechanisms of Ca2+ in a Caco-2 monolayer model and bone metabolism in rats were investigated...
March 20, 2018: Food & Function
Rui Mu, Juan Ma, Lei Zhu, Ruiqiao Zhu, Feng Chen, Xiaocui Wei, Xiaolei Shi, Shengqi Zang, Lei Jin
AIMS: in vitro effects of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) on proliferation and differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have not been investigated, nor has an appropriate dose been established. MAIN METHODS: Human DPSCs obtained from healthy volunteers were cultured with BMP-7 at 25, 50, and 100 ng/ml. Cell viability was measured by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Expression profiles of selected odontogenic differentiation-related markers in DPSCs were evaluated using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), immunocytochemistry, and western blot analysis...
March 16, 2018: Life Sciences
P Moncharmont, G Barday, H Odent-Malaure, H Benamara
OBJECTIVES: Transfusion in environments other than inpatient hospitalisation requires a specific management of the patient, particularly concerning adverse transfusion reactions. A three-year study was carried out in order to appreciate the nature of adverse transfusion reactions and their incidence in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Adverse transfusion reaction reports of outpatient clinic, ambulatory hospital, health and dialysis centres and home-transfused patients in the Auvergne Rhône Alpes region were obtained...
March 16, 2018: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
Salvatore Sauro, Ashvin Babbar, Borzo Gharibi, Victor Pinheiro Feitosa, Ricardo Marins Carvalho, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues, Avijit Banerjee, Timothy Watson
OBJECTIVE: Materials for pulp protection should have therapeutic properties in order to stimulate remineralization and pulp reparative processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties, biocompatibility, cell differentiation and bioactivity of experimental light-curable resin-based materials containing bioactive micro-fillers. METHODS: Four calcium-phosphosilicate micro-fillers were prepared and incorporated into a resin blend: 1) Bioglass 45S5 (BAG); 2) zinc-doped bioglass (BAG-Zn); 3) βTCP-modified calcium silicate (β-CS); 4) zinc-doped β-CS (β-CS-Zn)...
March 16, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Silvia Ravagnan, Laura Tomassone, Fabrizio Montarsi, Aleksandra Iwona Krawczyk, Eleonora Mastrorilli, Hein Sprong, Adelaide Milani, Luca Rossi, Gioia Capelli
BACKGROUND: Borrelia miyamotoi is a spirochete transmitted by several ixodid tick species. It causes a relapsing fever in humans and is currently considered as an emerging pathogen. In Europe, B. miyamotoi seems to occur at low prevalence in Ixodes ricinus ticks but has a wide distribution. Here we report the first detection of B. miyamotoi in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in two independent studies conducted in 2016 in the north-eastern and north-western Alps, Italy. RESULTS: Three out of 405 nymphs (0...
March 20, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Wai-Kay Seto, Siu-King Mak, Keith Chiu, Varut Vardhanabhuti, Ho-Fai Wong, Heng-Tat Leong, Paul S F Lee, Y C Ho, Chi-Kei Lee, Ka-Shing Cheung, Man-Fung Yuen, Wai K Leung
BACKGROUND: Recreational ketamine use has emerged as an important health and social issue worldwide. Although ketamine is associated with biliary tract damage, the clinical and radiological profiles of ketamine-related cholangiopathy have not been well-described. METHODS: We prospectively recruited consecutive Chinese individuals who used ketamine recreationally at least twice per month over 6 months in the past 2 years via a territory-wide community network of charitable organizations tackling substance abuse...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
Gulce Alp, Meryem Gulce Subasi, William M Johnston, Burak Yilmaz
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The effects of surface treatments and coffee thermocycling on the color and relative translucency of a recently introduced computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) monolithic glass-ceramic are unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of coffee thermocycling on the color and relative translucency parameter (RTP) of CAD-CAM monolithic glass-ceramics after different surface treatments...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
A M Vilardell, N Cinca, N Garcia-Giralt, S Dosta, I G Cano, X Nogués, J M Guilemany
Three different surface treatments on a Ti6Al4V alloy have been in vitro tested for possible application in cementless joint prosthesis. All of them involve the novelty of using the Cold Spray technology for their deposition: (i) an as-sprayed highly rough titanium and, followed by the deposition of a thin hydroxyapatite layer with (ii) microcrystalline or (iii) nanocrystalline structure. Primary human osteoblasts were extracted from knee and seeded onto the three different surfaces. Cell viability was tested by MTS and LIVE/DEAD assays, cell differentiation by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) quantification and cell morphology by Phalloidin staining...
June 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
İlkay Aydogan, Mehmet Akif Karslı, Mehmet Başalan, Ebru Yıldırım, Miyase Çınar, Gökhan Şen, Tugce Sümer
We evaluated the effects of dietary epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on the performance, biochemical parameters, and liver histopathology of fluoride-intoxicated broiler chickens. In total, 160 1-day-old male broiler chicks (Ross PM3 strain) were collected and assigned to four groups (40 animals each), with four replicates. The control group received a basal diet; the F group received 800 mg/kg fluoride; the EGCG group received 400 mg/kg EGCG; and the EGCG+F group received 400 mg/kg EGCG and 800 mg/kg fluoride...
March 16, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Merve Özkan, Maryam Borghei, Alp Karakoç, Orlando J Rojas, Jouni Paltakari
We systematically investigated the effect of film-forming polyvinyl alcohol and crosslinkers, glyoxal and ammonium zirconium carbonate, on the optical and surface properties of films produced from TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers (TOCNFs). In this regard, UV-light transmittance, surface roughness and wetting behavior of the films were assessed. Optimization was carried out as a function of film composition following the "random forest" machine learning algorithm for regression analysis. As a result, the design of tailor-made TOCNF-based films can be achieved with reduced experimental expenditure...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Vincent Lefebvre, Claire Villemant, Colin Fontaine, Christophe Daugeron
The cross-pollination of most alpine plants depends on insects, whose altitudinal distribution is limited by temperature. However, although global warming is causing shifts in temporal and spatial species distribution, we are still largely unaware of how plant-pollinator interactions change with elevation and time along altitudinal gradients. This makes the detection of endangered interactions and species challenging. In this study, we aimed at providing such a reference, and tested if and how the major flower-visiting insect orders and families segregated by altitude, phenology and foraging preferences along an elevational gradient from 970 m to 2700 m in the Alps...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Meng-Jun Qiu, Yao-Bing Chen, Sheng-Li Yang, Xiao-Xiao He, Zhi-Fan Xiong
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are uncommon type of cancers, also known as APUD (amine precursor uptake decarboxylation) tumors, which are becoming increasingly prevalent. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a poor prognosis factor in a number of hepatic diseases. However, its distribution and prognostic value in primary hepatic neuroendocrine tumors (PHNETs) are still not clear. In this study, our aim is to investigate the correlations between ALP and clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of PHNETs...
March 13, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Yu-Hao Chu, Yuan Li, Yu-Tang Wang, Bin Li, Ying-Hua Zhang
Organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs) are widely used in agricultural production but cause serious pollution. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) has been implemented to enhance the degradation of OPPs. Deciphering the structural and energetic determinants of OPPs-ALP interaction harbors the potential to understand key biodegradation processes of pesticides at the molecular level. With this aim, the binding modes of OPPs and ALP were studied using computational methods as molecular docking.The CASTp server was used to predict the active site residues...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Xin Li, Di Wang, Chun Yang, Qi Zhou, Suo-Lang Zhuoga, Li-Qiang Wang, Han-Xin Yao, Qin Zhang, Qing Ai, Chen-Xi Yang, Jian-Cheng Xu
BACKGROUND: The development and growth of children influence values of liver function tests. This study aims to establish age- and gender-specific pediatric reference intervals of liver function among Han children in Changchun, China. METHODS: A total of 1394 healthy Han children, aged 2-14 years, were recruited from communities and schools with informed parental consent in Changchun. The levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (TBIL) and direct bilirubin (DBIL) were measured on Hitachi 7600-210 automatic biochemical analyzer...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Hai-Tao Hou, Ya-Nan Wang, Shi-Ze Shao, Song Fu, Xiang-Peng Huang, Xiao-Hui Wang
Dietary calcium (Ca) supplementation has beneficial effects on bone health. However, it is not clear whether a high calcium diet (HCD) following 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6 Nx) is beneficial to bone health. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of an HCD on bone metabolism using a chronic kidney disease (CKD) mouse model. Male C57BL/6J mice were divided into three groups: Sham group, 5/6 Nx group and 5/6 Nx + HCD group. Mice were sacrificed 12 weeks post-surgery. Calcium (Ca) and creatinine (Cr) were measured using standard colorimetric methods and picric acid methods, respectively...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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