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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533294/type-2-diabetes-demystifying-the-global-epidemic
#1
Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Rajendra Pradeepa, Shashank R Joshi, Viswanathan Mohan
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has attained the status of a global pandemic, spreading from affluent industrialized nations to the emerging economies of Asia, Latin America, and Africa. There is significant global variation in susceptibility to T2D, with Pacific Islanders, Asian Indians, and Native Americans being considerably more prone to develop the disorder. Although genetic factors may play a part, the rapidity with which diabetes prevalence has risen among these populations reflects the far-ranging and rapid socioeconomic changes to which they have been exposed over the past few decades...
June 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532472/an-audit-of-food-and-beverage-advertising-on-the-sydney-metropolitan-train-network-regulation-and-policy-implications
#2
Emma Sainsbury, Stephen Colagiuri, Roger Magnusson
BACKGROUND: Increased marketing of energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods has been identified as a driver of the global obesity epidemic and a priority area for preventative efforts. Local and international research has focused on the unhealthiness of television advertising, with limited research into the growing outdoor advertising industry. This study aimed to examine the extent of food and beverage advertising on the Sydney metropolitan train network, and to assess the nutritional quality of advertised products against the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532430/a-retrospective-cohort-study-on-the-risk-of-stroke-in-relation-to-a-priori-health-knowledge-level-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-taiwan
#3
Yun-Ju Lai, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Ya-Ling Lee, Po-Wen Ku, Yung-Feng Yen, Dachen Chu
BACKGROUND: Intervention of diabetes care education with regular laboratory check-up in outpatient visits showed long-term benefits to reduce the risk of macrovascular complications among people with type 2 diabetes. However, research on the level of a priori health knowledge to the prevention of diabetic complications in community settings has been scarce. We therefore aimed to investigate the association of health knowledge and stroke incidence in patients with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan...
May 22, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531133/urban-rural-disparities-in-energy-intake-and-contribution-of-fat-and-animal-source-foods-in-chinese-children-aged-4-17-years
#4
Ji Zhang, Dantong Wang, Alison L Eldridge, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Excessive energy intake and poor food choices are major health concerns associated with overweight and obesity risk. This study aims to explore disparities in energy intake and the contributions from fat and animal source foods among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents in different communities based on urbanization levels. DESIGN: Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to assess dietary intake. Subjects' height and weight were measured using standard equipment...
May 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529114/perceptions-of-healthy-eating-amongst-indian-adolescents-in-india-and-canada
#5
Natasha Correa, Divya Rajaraman, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mario Vaz, K G Jayachitra, Scott A Lear, Zubin Punthakee
INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns have contributed to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indian adolescents. Yet there are limited studies on their perspectives on healthy eating. The purpose of this study was to understand perceptions and attitudes of Indian-origin adolescents in India and Canada that may contribute to healthy eating behaviour. METHODS: Qualitative data collection and analysis of 13 focus group discussions (FGD) was conducted among 34 boys and 39 girls (total number of participants: 73) of different weight and socioeconomic status (SES) in rural and urban India, and urban Canada aged 11-18 years...
May 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528341/sociocultural-influence-on-obesity-and-lifestyle-in-children-a-study-of-daily-activities-leisure-time-behavior-motor-skills-and-weight-status
#6
Martin Hilpert, Konrad Brockmeier, Sigrid Dordel, Benjamin Koch, Verena Weiß, Nina Ferrari, Walter Tokarski, Christine Graf
BACKGROUND: Juvenile overweight is increasing, and effective preventive measures are needed. After years of arbitrarily assigning these measures disregarding socioeconomic and/or cultural differences, it has become necessary to tailor interventions more specific to these target groups. Providing data for such an intervention is the objective of this study. METHODS: Influencing variables on children's weight status, motor skills and lifestyle have been analyzed among 997 first graders (53...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522388/trends-in-socioeconomic-costs-of-morbid-obesity-among-korean-adults-2009-2013-data-from-national-health-insurance-service
#7
Jae-Woo Lee, Young-Eun Choi, Dong-Wook Kim, Sunmi Lee, Kyung-Hee Cho
As the prevalence of morbid obesity increased in Korea, the estimation of the accurate socioeconomic costs by morbid obesity was required; we analysed national medical costs through the big data. From 2009 year to 2013 year, Direct Costs (DC) for medical costs, transit costs and nursing costs and Indirect Costs (IC) for Future Income Loss (FIL) and Productivity Loss (PL) of morbid obesity (BMI≥30) were calculated, and socioeconomic costs were estimated by applying Population Attributable Risk (PAR) proportion according to obesity related diseases...
May 15, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520716/expected-population-weight-and-diabetes-impact-of-the-1-peso-per-litre-tax-to-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-mexico
#8
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Rodrigo Zepeda-Tello, Eliane R Rodrigues, Arantxa Colchero-Aragonés, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Rafael Meza
STUDY QUESTION: What effect on body mass index, obesity and diabetes can we expect from the 1-peso-per-litre tax to sugar sweetened beverages in Mexico? METHODS: Using recently published estimates of the reductions in beverage purchases due to the tax, we modelled its expected long-term impacts on body mass index (BMI), obesity and diabetes. Microsimulations based on a nationally representative dataset were used to estimate the impact of the tax on BMI and obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516452/correlation-between-socioeconomic-status-and-atopic-dermatitis-in-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2014
#9
J S Lee, J M Kim, J Seok, B J Kim
INTRODUCTION: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common allergic diseases. Its prevalence has been increasing in recent decades. Social economic status is well-known risk factor of allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the relationship between social economic status and AD in Korean adults. METHODS: Data were acquired from 47,351 men and women, ≥19 years of age who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) conducted from 2007 to 2014...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515188/trends-in-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-five-major-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-korean-population-a-cross-sectional-study-using-data-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2014
#10
Yoon Jung Kim, Ji Sung Lee, Juri Park, Dong Seop Choi, Doo Man Kim, Kee-Hyoung Lee, Ho Yeon Kim, Sin Gon Kim, Juneyoung Lee
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in socioeconomic inequalities in major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among the Korean population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A nationally representative population survey database. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 42 725 Koreans, aged 25-64 years, who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) II (2001) to VI (2013-2014). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in five major CVD risk factors (smoking, obesity, diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia)...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515109/updated-review-of-prevalence-of-major-risk-factors-and-use-of-screening-tests-for-cancer-in-the-united-states
#11
Ann Goding Sauer, Rebecca L Siegel, Ahmedin Jemal, Stacey A Fedewa
Much of the suffering and death from cancer could be prevented by more systematic efforts to reduce tobacco use and obesity, improve diet, and increase physical activity and use of established vaccines and screening tests. Monitoring the prevalence of cancer risk factors and preventive tests helps guide cancer prevention and early detection efforts. We provide an updated review, using data through 2015, of the prevalence of major risk factors, cancer screening, and vaccination for U.S. adults and youth. Cigarette smoking among adults decreased to 15...
May 17, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513259/short-stature-is-associated-with-overweight-but-not-with-high-energy-intake-in-low-income-quilombola-women
#12
Haroldo da Silva Ferreira, Andreza A Luna, Telma Maria M T Florêncio, Monica L Assunção, Bernardo L Horta
BACKGROUND: Population exposed to chronic undernutrition in early life seems to be more susceptible to obesity in adulthood due to the development of mechanisms that improve the efficiency of energy use. Therefore, these individuals have relatively reduced energy requirements (thrifty phenotype). OBJECTIVE: To investigate, among women living on severe socioeconomic vulnerability, whether short stature, a marker for undernutrition in early life, is associated with excess body weight but not with a high energy intake...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511162/improvement-of-the-complex-medical-treatment-for-the-patients-w%C3%B1-th-chronic-biliary-pancreatitis
#13
L S Babinets, K Yu Kytsai, Yu Ya Kotsaba, I M Halabitska, N A Melnyk, I V Semenova, O S Zemlyak
INTRODUCTION: The most common reason of chronic pancreatitis is liver and bile ducts disease: functional disorders, chronic cholecystitis, cholelithiasis and cholecystectomy in medical history. All these changes are associated with the colloidal structure of bile, increased lithogenicity, gallstones formation, Oddi's sphincter dysfunction, dysmotility and inflammation in the bile ducts. THE AIM: to study the effectiveness of using medicine Liveria IC (metadoxine) in standard therapy as well as effect on spectrum of blood serum lipids and structural condition of liver (stiffness) and pancreas in patients with chronic biliary pancreatitis combined with obesity...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511079/psychosocial-stress-and-obesity-among-children-residing-in-kaunas-city
#14
Regina Grazuleviciene, Inga Petraviciene, Sandra Andrusaityte, Birute Balseviciene
INTRODUCTION: An unfavorable psychosocial environment has been associated with an increased prevalence of obesity among children. However, the available evidence on the association of low socioeconomic status and parent-child relationships with childhood obesity is scarce. The aim of our study was to conduct a simultaneous evaluation of the risks associated with pathological mother-child relationships, education level, and overweight/obesity among 4-6 year-old children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1489 mother-child pairs living in Kaunas city, Lithuania...
May 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508169/variation-in-the-relationship-between-birth-weight-and-subsequent-obesity-by-household-income
#15
Jonas Minet Kinge
There is evidence to suggest that high birth weight increases subsequent BMI. However, little attention has been paid to variations in this impact between population groups. This study investigates the relationship between high birth weight and subsequent obesity, and whether or not this relationship varies by household income. Data was taken from fourteen rounds of the Health Survey for England (between 2000-2014; N = 31,043) for children aged 2-16. We regressed obesity in childhood against birth weight, accounting for interactions between birth weight and household income, using sibling-fixed effects models...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507886/racial-disparities-in-elderly-patients-receiving-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-surgery
#16
Doniel Drazin, Faris Shweikeh, Carlito Lagman, Beatrice Ugiliweneza, Maxwell Boakye
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate for racial disparities in elderly patients having undergone lumbar spinal stenosis surgery. METHODS: The US Medicare Provider Analysis and Review database (records from 2005 to 2011) was used to identify patients over the age of 65 years, diagnosed with lumbar spinal stenosis, and having undergone lumbar laminectomy or fusion surgery. Blacks were compared to Whites in both unmatched and propensity score-matched populations...
April 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501866/clinical-factors-associated-with-readmission-among-patients-with-lower-limb-cellulitis
#17
Amit Garg, Jonathan Lavian, Gloria Lin, Cristina Sison, Michael Oppenheim, Bonnie Koo
BACKGROUND: There is substantial allocation of resources directed towards evaluation and management of lower limb cellulitis (LLC) in the acute care setting. Readmission for LLC is poorly understood, and there is little evidence with which to identify patients at risk for readmission. OBJECTIVE: To describe demographics, comorbidities, admission vital signs, and laboratory markers of infection among patients with LLC who are readmitted, and to investigate which among these factors is associated with readmission...
May 13, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500243/aerobic-fitness-muscular-strength-and-obesity-in-relation-to-risk-of-heart-failure
#18
Casey Crump, Jan Sundquist, Marilyn A Winkleby, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: Low physical fitness and obesity have been associated with higher risk of developing heart failure (HF), but their interactive effects are unknown. Elucidation of interactions among these common modifiable factors may help facilitate more effective primary prevention. METHODS: We conducted a national cohort study to examine the interactive effects of aerobic fitness, muscular strength and body mass index (BMI) among 1 330 610 military conscripts in Sweden during 1969-1997 (97%-98% of all 18-year-old men) on risk of HF identified from inpatient and outpatient diagnoses through 2012 (maximum age 62 years)...
May 12, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499375/cardiovascular-risk-status-of-afro-origin-populations-across-the-spectrum-of-economic-development-findings-from-the-modeling-the-epidemiologic-transition-study
#19
Lara R Dugas, Terrence E Forrester, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Pascal Bovet, Estelle V Lambert, Ramon A Durazo-Arvizu, Guichan Cao, Richard S Cooper, Rasha Khatib, Laura Tonino, Walter Riesen, Wolfgang Korte, Stephanie Kliethermes, Amy Luke
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk factors are increasing in most developing countries. To date, however, very little standardized data has been collected on the primary risk factors across the spectrum of economic development. Data are particularly sparse from Africa. METHODS: In the Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study (METS) we examined population-based samples of men and women, ages 25-45 of African ancestry in metropolitan Chicago, Kingston, Jamaica, rural Ghana, Cape Town, South Africa, and the Seychelles...
May 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495112/inequalities-in-non-communicable-diseases-between-the-major-population-groups-in-israel-achievements-and-challenges
#20
REVIEW
Khitam Muhsen, Manfred S Green, Varda Soskolne, Yehuda Neumark
Israel is a high-income country with an advanced health system and universal health-care insurance. Overall, the health status has improved steadily over recent decades. We examined differences in morbidity, mortality, and risk factors for selected non-communicable diseases (NCDs) between subpopulation groups. Between 1975 and 2014, life expectancy in Israel steadily increased and is currently above the average life expectancy for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Nevertheless, life expectancy has remained lower among Israeli Arabs than Israeli Jews, and this gap has recently widened...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
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