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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095430/is-childhood-socioeconomic-status-independently-associated-with-adult-bmi-after-accounting-for-adult-and-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status
#1
Gregory Pavela
Childhood socioeconomic status (SES) is inversely associated with adult weight in high income countries. Whether the influence of childhood SES on adult weight is best described using a critical period model or an accumulation of risk model is not yet settled. This research tests whether childhood SES is associated with adult BMI and likelihood of obesity independent of adult socioeconomic status and neighborhood characteristics. Data on individual childhood and adult characteristics come from the Health and Retirement Study (N = 13,545)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087957/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-between-urban-and-rural-population-in-malaysia
#2
I Noor Hassim, M R Norazman, M Diana, Y Khairul Hazdi, I Rosnah
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused significant burden to Malaysia as it accounted for 36% of total deaths. This study aims to evaluate the burden of cardiovascular risk factors among Malaysian adult and assess the difference between urban and rural population in the selected communities. METHODS: This study is part of the ongoing Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) database, whereby the baseline data were collected since June 2008. CVD risk was measured using INTERHEART risk score which comprised of eleven risk factors i...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086842/socioeconomic-inequality-of-overweight-and-obesity-of-the-elderly-in-iran-bushehr-elderly-health-beh-program
#3
Alireza Raeisi, Mohammadbagher Mehboudi, Hossein Darabi, Iraj Nabipour, Bagher Larijani, Neda Mehrdad, Ramin Heshmat, Gita Shafiee, Farshad Sharifi, Afshin Ostovar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this population-based, large sample size study was to investigate the socioeconomic inequality of overweight and obesity among the elderly in Iran. METHODS: Baseline data of 3000 persons aged ≥60 years who participated in the Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) program was analyzed. Overweight and obesity were defined as a body mass index (BMI) equal to or higher than 25 and 30, respectively. Socioeconomic status (SES) was measured by an asset index, constructed using principal component analysis, income, education level, and employment status...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077409/have-health-inequalities-changed-during-childhood-in-the-new-labour-generation-findings-from-the-uk-millennium-cohort-study
#4
Emeline Rougeaux, Steven Hope, Catherine Law, Anna Pearce
OBJECTIVES: To examine how population-level socioeconomic health inequalities developed during childhood, for children born at the turn of the 21st century and who grew up with major initiatives to tackle health inequalities (under the New Labour Government). SETTING: The UK. PARTICIPANTS: Singleton children in the Millennium Cohort Study at ages 3 (n=15 381), 5 (n=15 041), 7 (n=13 681) and 11 (n=13 112) years. PRIMARY OUTCOMES: Relative (prevalence ratios (PR)) and absolute health inequalities (prevalence differences (PD)) were estimated in longitudinal models by socioeconomic circumstances (SEC; using highest maternal academic attainment, ranging from 'no academic qualifications' to 'degree' (baseline))...
January 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077364/socioeconomic-disadvantage-is-linked-to-obesity-across-generations-uk-study-finds
#5
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075529/diabetes-hypertension-obesity-and-long-term-risk-of-renal-disease-mortality-racial-and-socioeconomic-differences
#6
Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Shervin Assari
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes, hypertension, and obesity increase risk of chronic kidney disease and associated mortality. Race and SES differences in the effects of these risk factors are, however, still unknown. Current study aimed to investigate whether or not race and SES alter the effects of diabetes, hypertension, and obesity on mortality due to renal diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives Study (ACL), 1986 to 2011, a nationally representative prospective cohort of adults with 25 years of follow up...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074555/pediatric-stress-from-neuroendocrinology-to-contemporary-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Stavroula Stavrou, Nicolas C Nicolaides, Elena Critselis, Christina Darviri, Evangelia Charmandari, George P Chrousos
BACKGROUND: Stress is defined as a state of threatened or perceived as threatened homeostasis. A broad spectrum of extrinsic or intrinsic, real or perceived stressful stimuli, called "stressors", activates a highly conserved system, the "stress system", which adjusts homeostasis through central and peripheral neuroendocrine responses. Inadequate, excessive or prolonged adaptive responses to stress may underlie the pathogenesis of several disease states prevalent in modern societies. The development and severity of these conditions primarily depend on the genetic vulnerability of the individual, the exposure to adverse environmental factors and the timing of the stressful event(s), given that prenatal life, infancy, childhood and adolescence are critical periods characterized by increased vulnerability to stressors...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072856/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-body-mass-index-across-adulthood-coordinated-analyses-of-individual-participant-data-from-three-british-birth-cohort-studies-initiated-in-1946-1958-and-1970
#8
David Bann, William Johnson, Leah Li, Diana Kuh, Rebecca Hardy
BACKGROUND: High body mass index (BMI) is an important contributor to the global burden of ill-health and health inequality. Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) in both childhood and adulthood is associated with higher adult BMI, but how these associations have changed across time is poorly understood. We used longitudinal data to examine how childhood and adult SEP relates to BMI across adulthood in three national British birth cohorts. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The sample comprised up to 22,810 participants with 77,115 BMI observations in the 1946 MRC National Survey of Health and Development (ages 20 to 60-64), the 1958 National Child Development Study (ages 23 to 50), and the 1970 British Cohort Study (ages 26 to 42)...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058812/mental-distress-in-treatment-seeking-young-adults-18-25-years-with-severe-obesity-compared-with-population-controls-of-different-body-mass-index-levels-cohort-study
#9
H Dreber, S Reynisdottir, B Angelin, P Tynelius, F Rasmussen, E Hemmingsson
Young adults (18-25) with severe obesity constitute a challenging patient group, and there is limited evidence about their mental health status compared to population controls. Mental distress in treatment seeking young adults with severe obesity (n = 121, mean body mass index [BMI] = 39.8 kg m(-2) ) was compared with matched (1:3 for age, gender and socioeconomic status) population controls of normal weight (n = 363, mean BMI = 22.4 kg m(-2) ), as well as unmatched population controls with class I obesity (n = 105, mean BMI = 32...
January 6, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057319/comparison-of-obesity-rates-in-early-childhood-4-to-80-months-by-parental-socioeconomic-status-using-national-cohort-dataset-in-korea
#10
Insook Lee, Kyung-Sook Bang, Hyojeong Moon, Jieun Kim
PURPOSE: Child obesity has been on the rise and become a worldwide health issue. Low socioeconomic status (SES) is known as an influencing factor for childhood obesity, but relevant studies on a national level are scarce in Korea. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of obesity for each age group by parental SES and analyze the trends of changes in weight status using a Korean national cohort dataset. METHODS: In Korea, children are eligible for the National Children Health Examination, a mandatory seven-time health checkup for those aged 4 to 80 months...
December 2016: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056931/misperception-of-weight-status-in-the-pacific-preliminary-findings-in-rural-and-urban-11-to-16-year-olds-of-new-caledonia
#11
Stéphane Frayon, Sophie Cherrier, Yolande Cavaloc, Guillaume Wattelez, Amandine Touitou, Paul Zongo, Kalina Yacef, Corinne Caillaud, Yannick Lerrant, Olivier Galy
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is prevalent in Pacific region ethnic groups (European, Melanesian and Polynesian) living in both urban and rural areas. Although body perception is an important factor of weight gain or loss, little is known about the body self-perceptions of Pacific region adolescents. This study therefore evaluated adolescent perceptions of body weight according to ethnicity (European, Melanesian or Polynesian), socioeconomic status (low, intermediate or high) and living area (rural or urban) in New Caledonia...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053924/association-between-periodontal-condition-and-nutritional-status-of-brazilian-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#12
Alessandro L Cavalcanti, Ianny A Ramos, Andreia M R Cardoso, Liege Helena F Fernandes, Amanda S Aragão, Fábio G Santos, Yêska P C Aguiar, Danielle F Carvalho, Carla C M Medeiros, Renata De S C Soares, Ricardo D Castro
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a serious problem of public health and affects all socio-economic groups, irrespective of age, sex or ethnicity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between periodontal condition and nutritional status of adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using a probability cluster sampling, and the sample was defined by statistical criterion, consisting of 559 students aged 15-19 yr enrolled in public schools of adolescents of Campina Grande, PB, Brazil in 2012...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052820/disparities-in-obesity-physical-activity-rates-and-breast-cancer-survival
#13
M E Ford, G Magwood, E T Brown, K Cannady, M Gregoski, K D Knight, L L Peterson, R Kramer, A Evans-Knowell, D P Turner
The significantly higher breast cancer (BCa) mortality rates of African-American (AA) women compared to non-Hispanic (NHW) white women constitute a major US health disparity. Investigations have primarily focused on biological differences in tumors to explain more aggressive forms of BCa in AA women. The biology of tumors cannot be modified, yet lifestyle changes can mitigate their progression and recurrence. AA communities have higher percentages of obesity than NHWs and exhibit inefficient access to care, low socioeconomic status, and reduced education levels...
2017: Advances in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032427/perceived-weight-discrimination-and-chronic-medical-conditions-in-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity
#14
Tomoko Udo, Katherine Purcell, Carlos M Grilo
AIM: This study investigated whether perceived weight discrimination is associated with increased risk for major chronic medical conditions and whether the associations persist after adjusting for other stressful life events in addition to BMI, physical activity and sociodemographic variables. METHODS: The study included 21 357 overweight/obese adults (52.9% women) from the 2001 to 2002 and 2004 to 2005 National Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions. RESULTS: Perceived weight discrimination was significantly associated with risk for arteriosclerosis, diabetes, high cholesterol, myocardial infarction, minor heart conditions and stomach ulcers...
December 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024828/gene-and-environment-interaction-is-the-differential-susceptibility-hypothesis-relevant-for-obesity
#15
REVIEW
Roberta Dalle Molle, Hajar Fatemi, Alain Dagher, Robert D Levitan, Patricia P Silveira, Laurette Dubé
The differential susceptibility model states that a given genetic variant is associated with an increased risk of pathology in negative environments but greater than average resilience in enriched ones. While this theory was first implemented in psychiatric-genetic research, it may also help us to unravel the complex ways that genes and environments interact to influence feeding behavior and obesity. We reviewed evidence on gene vs. environment interactions that influence obesity development, aiming to support the applicability of the differential susceptibility model for this condition, and propose that various environmental "layers" relevant for human development should be considered when bearing the differential susceptibility model in mind...
December 23, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024417/neighborhood-and-parental-influences-on-diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-in-young-low-income-pediatric-patients
#16
Nakiya N Showell, Katie Washington Cole, Katherine Johnson, Lisa Ross DeCamp, Megan Bair-Merritt, Rachel L J Thornton
This study explores the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and caregiver preferences for establishing diet and physical activity behaviors among low-income African American and Hispanic young children (2-5 years). Primary caregivers of young children were recruited from 2 urban pediatric clinics to participate in focus groups (n = 33). Thematic analysis of transcripts identified 3 themes: neighborhood constraints on desired behaviors, caregivers' strategies in response to neighborhoods, and caregivers' sense of agency in the face of neighborhood constraints...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005241/home-environmental-influences-on-childhood-obesity-in-the-latino-population-a-decade-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Alejandra Ochoa, Jerica M Berge
Latinos are the largest and fastest-growing ethnically diverse group in the United States. Latino children are also among the most overweight and obese ethnic groups of children in the United States. Research over the last decade has identified the home environment as a key influence on the diet and physical activity of children. To summarize cross-sectional and longitudinal research that has identified factors within the home environment of Latino families that are associated with childhood obesity and to provide recommendations for future research and intervention development with Latino families...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000544/the-complex-inter-relationship-between-diabetes-and-schizophrenia
#18
Jeffery Rado
Schizophrenia is a chronic and debilitating brain disorder. It is associated with increased mortality, primarily due to elevated cardio-metabolic risk. Affected patients have higher rates of obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes [1]. Intrinsic factors contributing to this increased risk include a shared underlying pathophysiology between schizophrenia and diabetes mellitus involving stress, inflammation and genetics. Extrinsic contributing factors include diet, lifestyle, health care access, low socioeconomic status and overburden of traditional diabetes risk factors...
December 20, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994148/mere-experience-of-low-subjective-socioeconomic-status-stimulates-appetite-and-food-intake
#19
Bobby K Cheon, Ying-Yi Hong
Among social animals, subordinate status or low social rank is associated with increased caloric intake and weight gain. This may reflect an adaptive behavioral pattern that promotes acquisition of caloric resources to compensate for low social resources that may otherwise serve as a buffer against environmental demands. Similarly, diet-related health risks like obesity and diabetes are disproportionately more prevalent among people of low socioeconomic resources. Whereas this relationship may be associated with reduced financial and material resources to support healthier lifestyles, it remains unclear whether the subjective experience of low socioeconomic status may alone be sufficient to stimulate consumption of greater calories...
January 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993540/diabetes-mellitus-and-high-blood-pressure-in-relation-to-bmi-among-adult-non-pregnant-women-in-bangladesh
#20
Ghose Bishwajit, Sanni Yaya, Ide Seydou
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between overweight and obesity (in terms of BMI) and diabetes, HBP and diabetes-HBP comorbidity among adult women non-pregnant in Bangladesh. METHODS: Information about demographics, socioeconomic, blood pressure and blood glucose levels were collected for 2022 women ageing above 35 years were collected from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS 2011). The primary outcome variables were diabetes and high blood pressure...
December 13, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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