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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214705/home-and-away-area-socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-obesity-risk
#1
Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, Gregory Sharp, Justin T Denney
Although residential context is linked to obesity risk, less is known about how the additional places where we work, shop, play, and worship may influence that risk. We employ longitudinal data from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (LAFANS) to derive time-weighted measures of exposure to home and activity space contexts to ascertain the impacts of each on obesity risk for adults. Results show that increased exposure to socioeconomic disadvantage in the residential neighborhood significantly increases obesity risk, and although activity space disadvantage does not directly influence obesity, it reduces the association between residential disadvantage and obesity...
February 16, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213684/quality-of-life-improves-in-children-and-adolescents-during-a-community-based-overweight-and-obesity-treatment
#2
Pernille M Mollerup, Tenna R H Nielsen, Christine Bøjsøe, Julie T Kloppenborg, Jennifer L Baker, Jens-Christian Holm
PURPOSE: The quality of life is compromised in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the quality of life improves during a community-based overweight and obesity treatment, and whether improvements depend on reductions in the degree of obesity. METHODS: Quality of life was assessed using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 in children and adolescents aged 3-18 years with overweight or obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile] upon entry into a community-based chronic care overweight and obesity treatment based upon The Children's Obesity Clinic's Treatment protocol, and upon follow-up after 10-30 months of treatment...
February 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212629/cardiometabolic-risk-in-a-population-of-older-adults-with-multiple-co-morbidities-in-rural-south-africa-the-haalsi-health-and-aging-in-africa-longitudinal-studies-of-indepth-communities-study
#3
Thomas A Gaziano, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Alisha Wade, Nigel J Crowther, Sartaj Alam, Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Ryan Wagner, Julia Rohr, Livia Montana, Kathleen Kahn, Till W Bärnighausen, Lisa F Berkman, Stephen Tollman
BACKGROUND: A consequence of the widespread uptake of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is that the older South African population will experience an increase in life expectancy, increasing their risk for cardiometabolic diseases (CMD), and its risk factors. The long-term interactions between HIV infection, treatment, and CMD remain to be elucidated in the African population. The HAALSI cohort was established to investigate the impact of these interactions on CMD morbidity and mortality among middle-aged and older adults...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211230/associations-between-children-s-diet-quality-and-watching-television-during-meal-or-snack-consumption-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Amanda Avery, Catherine Anderson, Fiona McCullough
Studies have identified an association between watching television (TV) and childhood obesity. This review adds context to existing research by examining the associations between TV viewing, whilst eating, and children's diet quality. Web of Science and PubMed databases were searched from January 2000 to June 2014. Cross-sectional trials of case control or cohort studies, which included baseline data, measuring the associations between eating whilst watching TV and children's food and drink intake. Quality of selected papers was assessed...
February 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209518/evidence-based-policies-on-school-nutrition-and-physical-education-associations-with-state-level-collaboration-obesity-and-socio-economic-indicators
#5
Jennifer E Pelletier, Melissa N Laska, Richard MacLehose, Toben F Nelson, Marilyn S Nanney
Despite calls for more cross-sector collaboration on obesity prevention, little is known about the role of collaborative partnerships, or groups of organizations from different sectors working together toward a shared goal, in state policy activities. This study examined associations between competitive food/beverage and physical education policies and state-level collaboration and state characteristics (obesity, socioeconomic indicators, public health funding levels) for all 50 states and the District of Columbia, USA, in 2012...
February 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208833/family-environment-and-childhood-obesity-a-new-framework-with-structural-equation-modeling
#6
Hui Huang, Che Wan Jasimah Bt Wan Mohamed Radzi, Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi
The main purpose of the current article is to introduce a framework of the complexity of childhood obesity based on the family environment. A conceptual model that quantifies the relationships and interactions among parental socioeconomic status, family food security level, child's food intake and certain aspects of parental feeding behaviour is presented using the structural equation modeling (SEM) concept. Structural models are analysed in terms of the direct and indirect connections among latent and measurement variables that lead to the child weight indicator...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207380/turning-the-curve-on-obesity-prevalence-among-fifth-graders-in-the-los-angeles-unified-school-district-2001-2013
#7
Amanda Kamali, Heena Hameed, Margaret Shih, Paul Simon
INTRODUCTION: After multiple decades of increasing childhood obesity prevalence in the United States, findings from recent studies suggest that prevalence has leveled or is decreasing in some populations. However, demographic and socioeconomic disparities in prevalence remain and may be increasing. METHODS: To assess recent trends and disparities in childhood obesity prevalence in Los Angeles County, we analyzed data from 2001 through 2013 in fifth graders in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD)...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196797/left-atrial-structure-in-relationship-to-age-sex-ethnicity-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-mesa-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#8
Filip Zemrak, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Gabriella Captur, Jonathan Chrispin, Ela Chamera, Mohammadali Habibi, Saman Nazarian, Saidi A Mohiddin, James C Moon, Steffen E Petersen, João A C Lima, David A Bluemke
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) size is a marker of diastolic function and is associated with atrial fibrillation and cardiovascular outcomes. However, there are no large population studies measuring LA structure. The relationship of demographics and cardiovascular risk factors to LA size is largely unknown. This study aimed to determine associations of LA size with demographic factors, cardiac structure and function, and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: LA volume indexed to body surface area was measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance steady-state free precession and fast gradient echo cine long- and short-axis images in 2576 asymptomatic participants of MESA ([Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis] 68...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190954/prevalence-of-pre-pregnancy-obesity-2011-2014
#9
Laura Gregor, Patrick L Remington, Sara Lindberg, Deborah Ehrenthal
IMPORTANCE: Obesity before and during pregnancy increases risk among mothers for poor health outcomes, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in pre-pregnancy obesity rates among women in Wisconsin. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from Wisconsin birth certificates were analyzed. Prevalence of pre-pregnancy obesity (defined as body mass index = 30) among Wisconsin women who gave birth from 2011 through 2014 was compared across demographic and geographic dimensions...
November 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185597/diabetes-in-young-adult-men-social-and-health-related-correlates
#10
Rachel L Koelmeyer, Shyamali C Dharmage, Dallas R English
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a global public health issue. It is associated with significant disability, morbidity and mortality risks and substantial healthcare costs. Of great concern is the fact that its prevalence is rising, particularly amongst the young, while epidemiological data regarding the incidence, prevalence and complications of early-onset type 2 diabetes is noted to be sparse. METHODS: We used data from the baseline wave of Ten to Men, a national cohort study of Australian males, to investigate the social and health-related correlates of Australian males aged 18-49 years reporting being diagnosed with diabetes...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181198/influence-of-socioeconomic-and-anthropometric-factors-on-respiratory-function-in-female-university-students
#11
D Nowakowski, K Kliś, M Żurawiecka, A Dubrowski, Iwona Wronka
The purpose of this study was to evaluate lung function in healthy young female university students and to seek the relation of lung function to socioeconomic and anthropometric indices. The methodology consisted of spirometry tests, anthropometric measures and a questionnaire conducted in November of 2015 among 152 female university students. At first, lung function was analyzed for any relationship with socioeconomic factors and smoking. The results of a multi-factor analysis of variance demonstrate significant differences in the FEV1/FVC ratio depending on the general socioeconomic status...
February 9, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166415/adverse-metabolic-and-mental-health-outcomes-associated-with-shiftwork-in-a-population-based-study-of-277-168-workers-in-uk-biobank
#12
Cathy A Wyse, Carlos A Celis Morales, Nicolas Graham, Yu Fan, Joey Ward, Anne M Curtis, Daniel Mackay, Daniel J Smith, Mark E S Bailey, Stephany Biello, Jason M R Gill, J P Pell
BACKGROUND: Reported associations between shiftwork and health have largely been based on occupation-specific, or single sex studies that might not be generalizable to the entire working population. The objective of this study was to investigate whether shiftwork was independently associated with obesity, diabetes, poor sleep and well-being in a large, UK general population cohort. METHODS: Participants of the UK Biobank study who were employed at the time of assessment were included...
February 6, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164812/diet-and-obesity-issues-in-the-underserved
#13
REVIEW
Maria C Mejia de Grubb, Robert S Levine, Roger J Zoorob
The goal of this article is to inform new directions for addressing inequalities associated with obesity by reviewing current issues about diet and obesity among socioeconomically vulnerable and underserved populations. It highlights recent interventions in selected high-risk populations, as well as gaps in the knowledge base. It identifies future directions in policy and programmatic interventions to expand the role of primary care providers, with an emphasis on those aimed at preventing obesity and promoting healthy weight...
March 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163924/overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-3-13%C3%A2-years-in-urban-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study-of-prevalence-and-association-with-socio-economic-status
#14
Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Josiane Kamdeu-Chedeu, Sam D Leary, Yannick Mboue-Djieka, Daniel N Nebongo, Christoph Akazong, Yacouba N Mapoure, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Jean-François Gautier, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight/obesity is increasing rapidly in developing countries. There is a need to provide more evidence on its burden in sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify associated factors in order to set preventive measures. We aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity and assess its association with the socioeconomic status in nursery and primary school children in urban Cameroon. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included by multi-staged cluster random sampling 1343 children from high (HSES, n = 673) and low (LSES, n = 670) socioeconomic status schools in Douala...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161284/socioeconomic-status-and-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-impact-of-dietary-mediators
#15
REVIEW
Theodora Psaltopoulou, George Hatzis, Nikolaos Papageorgiou, Emmanuel Androulakis, Alexandros Briasoulis, Dimitris Tousoulis
It is well known that cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in the western societies. A number of risk factors such as family history, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, smoking and physical inactivity are responsible for a significant proportion of the overall cardiovascular risk. Interestingly, recent data suggest there is a gradient in the incidence, morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease across the spectrum of socioeconomic status, as this is defined by educational level, occupation or income...
February 1, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159758/longitudinal-study-of-weight-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-change-across-two-decades-in-older-scottish-women
#16
Tiffany C Yang, Anna A Gryka, Lorna S Aucott, Garry G Duthie, Helen M Macdonald
BACKGROUND: The perimenopausal and postmenopausal periods are times of pronounced physiological change in body mass index (BMI), physical activity and energy intake. Understanding these changes in middle age could contribute to formation of potential public health targets. METHOD: A longitudinal cohort of 5119 perimenopausal women from the Aberdeen Prospective Osteoporosis Screening Study (APOSS) recruited between 1990 and 1994, with follow-up visits at 1997-1999 and 2009-2011...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159391/socioeconomic-status-and-the-25%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-25-risk-factors-as-determinants-of-premature-mortality-a-multicohort-study-and-meta-analysis-of-1%C3%A2-7-million-men-and-women
#17
Silvia Stringhini, Cristian Carmeli, Markus Jokela, Mauricio Avendaño, Peter Muennig, Florence Guida, Fulvio Ricceri, Angelo d'Errico, Henrique Barros, Murielle Bochud, Marc Chadeau-Hyam, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Giuseppe Costa, Cyrille Delpierre, Silvia Fraga, Marcel Goldberg, Graham G Giles, Vittorio Krogh, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Richard Layte, Aurélie M Lasserre, Michael G Marmot, Martin Preisig, Martin J Shipley, Peter Vollenweider, Marie Zins, Ichiro Kawachi, Andrew Steptoe, Johan P Mackenbach, Paolo Vineis, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: In 2011, WHO member states signed up to the 25 × 25 initiative, a plan to cut mortality due to non-communicable diseases by 25% by 2025. However, socioeconomic factors influencing non-communicable diseases have not been included in the plan. In this study, we aimed to compare the contribution of socioeconomic status to mortality and years-of-life-lost with that of the 25 × 25 conventional risk factors. METHODS: We did a multicohort study and meta-analysis with individual-level data from 48 independent prospective cohort studies with information about socioeconomic status, indexed by occupational position, 25 × 25 risk factors (high alcohol intake, physical inactivity, current smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and obesity), and mortality, for a total population of 1 751 479 (54% women) from seven high-income WHO member countries...
February 1, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155109/developing-a-peer-based-healthy-lifestyle-program-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-in-supportive-housing
#18
Kathleen O'Hara, Ana Stefancic, Leopoldo J Cabassa
Overweight and obesity disproportionally impact people with serious mental illness (SMI). Healthy lifestyle interventions can improve the health of people with SMI but may need to be adapted for this population. The aims of this study were: to (1) examine the feasibility and acceptability of delivering the Peer-based Group Lifestyle Balance (PGLB) intervention and (2) describe intervention adaptations for people with SMI in supportive housing. Peer specialists and social workers co-facilitated 12 weekly PGLB sessions for 14 supportive housing clients...
February 2, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154107/impact-of-social-and-built-environment-factors-on-body-size-among-breast-cancer-survivors-the-pathways-study
#19
Salma Shariff-Marco, Julie Von Behren, Peggy Reynolds, Theresa H M Keegan, Andrew Hertz, Marilyn L Kwan, Janise M Roh, Catherine Thomsen, Candyce H Kroenke, Christine B Ambrosone, Lawrence H Kushi, Scarlett Lin Gomez
BACKGROUND: As social and built environment factors have been shown to be associated with physical activity, dietary patterns, and obesity in the general population, they likely also influence these health behaviors among cancer survivors, and thereby impact survivorship outcomes. METHODS: Enhancing the rich, individual-level survey and medical record data from 4,505 breast cancer survivors in the Pathways Study, a prospective cohort drawn from Kaiser Permanente Northern California, we geocoded baseline residential addresses and appended social and built environment data...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152059/morbid-obesity-in-taiwan-prevalence-trends-associated-social-demographics-and-lifestyle-factors
#20
Heng-Cheng Chang, Hsin-Chou Yang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Jung Yeh, Hsin-Hung Chen, Kuo-Chin Huang, Wen-Harn Pan
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of the most important public health issues worldwide. Moreover, an extreme phenotype, morbid obesity (MO) has insidiously become a global problem. Therefore, we aimed to document the prevalence trend and to unveil the epidemiological characteristics of MO in Taiwan. METHODS: Nationally representative samples aged 19 years and above from three consecutive waves of Nutrition and Health survey in Taiwan: 1993-1996, 2005-2008, and 2013-2014 (n = 3,071; 1,673; and 1,440; respectively) were analyzed for prevalence trend...
2017: PloS One
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