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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741907/nutrition-status-of-children-in-latin-america
#1
C Corvalán, M L Garmendia, J Jones-Smith, C K Lutter, J J Miranda, L S Pedraza, B M Popkin, M Ramirez-Zea, D Salvo, A D Stein
The prevalence of overweight and obesity is rapidly increasing among Latin American children, posing challenges for current healthcare systems and increasing the risk for a wide range of diseases. To understand the factors contributing to childhood obesity in Latin America, this paper reviews the current nutrition status and physical activity situation, the disparities between and within countries and the potential challenges for ensuring adequate nutrition and physical activity. Across the region, children face a dual burden of undernutrition and excess weight...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739551/the-description-of-a-new-case-with-proopiomelanocortin-pomc-deficiency-an-increasingly-important-diagnosis-to-make
#2
Semra Çetinkaya, Tülay Güran, Erdal Kurnaz, Melikşah Keskin, Elif Sağsak, Senay Savaş Erdeve, Jenifer P Suntharalingham, Federica Buonocore, John Achermann, Zehra Aycan
International surveillance data suggests a worldwide epidemic of pediatric obesity regardless of geographic, socioeconomic, racial and ethnic factors. Reversing this epidemic of pediatric obesity will require recognition and understanding of the pathophysiology of the condition to enable us to develop novel therapies as well as taking measures to shift social attitudes and public policies at a global level. Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) deficiency is a rare monogenic disorder of early-onset obesity, which has increased our insight into the important role of the leptin-melanocortin pathway in energy balance...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738835/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-nephrolithiasis-in-patients-with-gout-and-the-general-population-a-cohort-study
#3
A J Landgren, L T H Jacobsson, U Lindström, T Z S Sandström, P Drivelegka, L Björkman, E Fjellstedt, M Dehlin
BACKGROUND: Nephrolithiasis (NL) is known to be associated with gout, although there are few comparative studies on risk and risk factors for NL in gout compared to population cohorts. In this cohort study we investigated: (1) overall incidence of NL in gout (cases) and general population controls; (2) risk and risk factors (common comorbidities and medications) for first-time NL in cases and controls separately. METHODS: Cases (n = 29,968) and age-matched and sex-matched controls (n = 138,678) were identified from the regional healthcare database in western Sweden (VEGA)...
July 24, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735922/prevalence-of-restless-legs-syndrome-and-associated-factors-in-an-otherwise-healthy-population-results-from-the-danish-blood-donor-study
#4
Maria Didriksen, Andreas S Rigas, Richard P Allen, Brendan J Burchell, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Maria H Nielsen, Poul Jennum, Thomas Werge, Christian Erikstrup, Ole B Pedersen, Mie T Bruun, Kristoffer S Burgdorf, Erik Sørensen, Henrik Ullum
OBJECTIVE: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological sensorimotor disorder characterized by uncomfortable sensations in the legs. RLS often occurs as a comorbid condition. Besides an increased risk of iron deficiency, blood donors are considered to be generally healthy. Blood donors are therefore an ideal population for studying factors associated with RLS occurrence, herein the role of iron. It is suggested that RLS is linked to sex, age, low socioeconomic status, unhealthy lifestyle, and iron deficiency...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724371/association-between-full-service-and-fast-food-restaurant-density-dietary-intake-and-overweight-obesity-among-adults-in-delhi-india
#5
Opal Patel, Safraj Shahulhameed, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammad Tayyab, Atiqur Rahman, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Nikhil Tandon, Lindsay M Jaacks
BACKGROUND: The food environment has been implicated as an underlying contributor to the global obesity epidemic. However, few studies have evaluated the relationship between the food environment, dietary intake, and overweight/obesity in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aim of this study was to assess the association of full service and fast food restaurant density with dietary intake and overweight/obesity in Delhi, India. METHODS: Data are from a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in Delhi...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720344/apoe-genotype-associates-with-food-consumption-and-body-composition-to-predict-dyslipidaemia-in-brazilian-adults-with-normal-weight-obesity-syndrome
#6
Lana Pacheco Franco, Amanda Gonçalves Zardini Silveira, Rochelle Sobral de Assis Vasconcelos Lima, Maria Aderuza Horst, Cristiane Cominetti
BACKGROUND & AIM: Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome has been characterized by a normal body mass index and high percentage of body fat. It is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease development. This study aimed to evaluate whether apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes and food consumption are related to the lipid profiles of adults with Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study, including adults with Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718431/racial-differences-in-cancer-susceptibility-and-survival-more-than-the-color-of-the-skin
#7
REVIEW
Berna C Özdemir, Gian-Paolo Dotto
Epidemiological studies point to race as a determining factor in cancer susceptibility. In US registries recording cancer incidence and survival by race (distinguishing 'black versus white'), individuals of African ancestry have a globally increased risk of malignancies compared with Caucasians and Asian Americans. Differences in socioeconomic status and health-care access play a key role. However, the lesser disease susceptibility of Hispanic populations with comparable lifestyles and socioeconomic status as African Americans (Hispanic paradox) points to the concomitant importance of genetic determinants...
March 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716139/elevated-c-reactive-protein-interleukin-6-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-glycemic-load-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-rural-thais-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Chanchira Phosat, Pornpimol Panprathip, Noppanath Chumpathat, Pattaneeya Prangthip, Narisara Chantratita, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Somchai Puduang, Karunee Kwanbunjan
BACKGROUND: The elevated levels of inflammatory markers, including C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin 6 (IL6) are supposed to be associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Frequent high glycemic load (GL) consumption, central obesity, and a lack of physical activity are considered to be T2DM risk factors. This study aimed to determine the difference of these inflammatory markers as well as GL in individuals with versus those without T2DM in rural Thais...
July 17, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706731/household-wealth-status-and-overweight-and-obesity-among-adult-women-in-bangladesh-and-nepal
#9
G Bishwajit
BACKGROUND: In South Asia, women were reported to be more likely to have higher normal body weight. However, nationally representative evidence on the association between socioeconomic status and body weight in terms of regional cut-offs for body mass index is limited for South Asian women. This study aimed to address this gap by investigating the association between household wealth status and overweight and obesity among adult women in Bangladesh and Nepal. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional data on 6,144 Nepalese and 17,683 Bangladeshi women were obtained from most recent Demographic and Health Surveys in these countries...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706552/evaluating-the-effect-of-lifestyle-education-based-on-health-belief-model-for-mothers-of-obese-and-overweight-school-age-children-on-obesity-related-behaviors
#10
Zahra Abdeyazdan, Hodayse Moshgdar, Parastoo Golshiri
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, childhood obesity is a matter of significant concern because of its negative effects on personal health and harmful socioeconomic consequences. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of lifestyle education based on the health belief model for mothers of obese and overweight school-age children on obesity-related behaviors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 64 obese and overweight elementary students and their mothers who met the inclusion criteria participated...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702719/dietary-iron-intake-and-availability-are-related-to-maternal-education-level-in-overweight-obese-adolescents
#11
Chaleelak Thongprasert, Carol Hutchinson, Warapone Satheannoppakao, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul
PURPOSE: To compare intakes of dietary iron and enhancers and inhibitors of iron absorption between overweight/obese (OW/OB) adolescents and their normal weight (NW) peers, and between parental education levels stratified by weight status. METHODS: This was a comparative cross-sectional study of adolescents (n 121 OW/OB and n 102 NW) aged 12-14 years, attending a secondary school in Nonthaburi province, Thailand. Socio-demographic data were obtained from participants' parents using a questionnaire...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693339/changes-in-body-mass-index-during-a-3-year-elementary-school-based-obesity-prevention-program-for-american-indian-and-white-rural-students
#12
Nancy Vogeltanz-Holm, Jeffrey Holm
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a significant but largely modifiable health risk, disproportionately affecting socioeconomically disadvantaged, racial/ethnic minority, and rural children. Elementary school-aged children typically experience the greatest increases in excess weight gain and therefore are important targets for reducing adolescent and adult obesity while improving children's health. Our study evaluated outcomes of a 3-year elementary school-based program for reducing obesity in American Indian and White students attending eight rural schools in the U...
July 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692613/associations-among-cardiometabolic-abnormalities-obesity-and-sociobehavioral-factors-in-a-southern-nevada-adult-population
#13
Jing Feng, Michael D Johnson, Joseph P Iser
CONTEXT: Cardiometabolic abnormalities underlie many health risks associated with obesity. OBJECTIVE: We determined the relationship between cardiometabolic abnormalities, sociodemographic characteristics, and modifiable risk factors among adults in Southern Nevada. DESIGN: We included 2415 participants older than 20 years from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys conducted in 2011, 2013, and 2015 in Southern Nevada. Cardiometabolic abnormalities were assessed on the combined basis of blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes status...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691622/risk-factors-for-childhood-obesity-a-data-analysis-of-the-welsh-health-survey
#14
Claire Beynon, David Fone
Background The prevalence of childhood obesity in Wales is 12%. It has been estimated that obesity will cost the NHS £10 billion a year by 2050 ( Government Office for Science 2007 ). Aim To determine important risk factors associated with childhood obesity from the data in the Welsh Health Survey 2008 to 2012. Method The analysis used survey data from 11,279 children aged 4-15 years. The lifestyle variables considered as potential risk factors for obesity included: intake of sugar-sweetened drinks; unhealthy food consumption; physical activity; and currently-treated illnesses...
July 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686602/body-weight-concerns-cross-national-study-and-identification-of-factors-related-to-eating-disorders
#15
Wanderson Roberto da Silva, Moema de Souza Santana, João Maroco, Benvindo Felismino Samuel Maloa, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
BACKGROUND: Body weight concerns are common among individuals with eating disorders, and this construct can be assessed using psychometric instruments. The Weight Concerns Scale (WCS) is commonly used to assess body weight concerns. AIMS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the WCS with Brazilian, Portuguese, and Mozambican female college students; to estimate body weight concerns; and to identify factors related to eating disorders. METHODS: Confirmatory factor analysis was performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683240/prevalence-of-diabetes-in-greater-beirut-area-worsening-over-time
#16
Mona P Nasrallah, Nancy F Nakhoul, Lara Nasreddine, Youssef Mouneimne, Mohamad G Abiad, Hussein Ismaeel, Hani Tamim
OBJECTIVE: The Middle East North Africa region has one of the highest rates of diabetes, both in prevalence and in rate of increase. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and associated risk factors of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in the adult population of Beirut. METHODS: A random sample of 501 men and women aged 18 to79 years was examined in a cross-sectional manner. The sample was then divided into three groups, based on T2D self-report, HbA1C, and fasting glucose (no diabetes or ND, at risk for diabetes or RD, and probable diabetes or PD)...
July 6, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680543/a-population-based-cohort-of-adults-with-asthma-mortality-and-participation-in-a-long-term-follow-up
#17
Helena Backman, Linnea Hedman, Caroline Stridsman, Sven-Arne Jansson, Anne Lindberg, Bo Lundbäck, Eva Rönmark
Background and objective: Asthma is a major public health concern. The aim of this study was to characterize a large population-based cohort of adults with asthma, and to study factors associated with all-cause mortality and non-participation in a long-term follow-up. Design: Random and stratified samples from five population-based cohorts were clinically examined during 1986-2001, and all subjects with asthma were included in the study (n = 2055, age 19-72 years, 55% women). Independent associations between different risk factors and (i) mortality and (ii) non-participation in a clinical follow-up in 2012-2014 were estimated...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679435/associations-between-the-physical-activity-levels-of-fathers-and-their-children-at-20%C3%A2-months-3-5-and-five-years-of-age
#18
Adam D Walsh, David Crawford, Adrian J Cameron, Karen J Campbell, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Early childhood (under five years of age) is a critical developmental period when children's physical activity behaviours are shaped and when physical activity patterns begin to emerge. Physical activity levels track from early childhood through to adolescence with low levels of physical activity associated with poorer health. The aims of this study were to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between the physical activity levels of fathers and their children at the ages of 20 months, 3...
July 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663349/a-nationwide-cohort-study-of-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#19
Daniel C Perry, David Metcalfe, Matthew L Costa, Tjeerd Van Staa
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), to examine associations with childhood obesity and socioeconomic deprivation, and to explore factors associated with diagnostic delays. DESIGN: Historic cohort study using linked primary and secondary care data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink and Hospital Episode Statistics. SETTING: All contacts with healthcare services, including emergency presentations, outpatient appointments, inpatient admissions and primary care visits, within the UK National Health Service...
June 29, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663164/assessing-user-engagement-of-an-mhealth-intervention-development-and-implementation-of-the-growing-healthy-app-engagement-index
#20
Sarah Taki, Sharyn Lymer, Catherine Georgina Russell, Karen Campbell, Rachel Laws, Kok-Leong Ong, Rosalind Elliott, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an ongoing problem in developed countries that needs targeted prevention in the youngest age groups. Children in socioeconomically disadvantaged families are most at risk. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions offer a potential route to target these families because of its relatively low cost and high reach. The Growing healthy program was developed to provide evidence-based information on infant feeding from birth to 9 months via app or website. Understanding user engagement with these media is vital to developing successful interventions...
June 29, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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