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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786140/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-periodontitis-and-type-2-diabetes
#1
Ying Liu, Yang Yu, Jeffrey C Nickel, Laura R Iwasaki, Peipei Duan, Melanie Simmer-Beck, Laura Brown
AIMS: THE OBJECTIVE WAS TO INVESTIGATE IF GENDER DIFFERENCES EXIST IN THE ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN PERIODONTITIS AND TYPE 2 DIABETES. DISPROPORTIONATE DISPARITIES BY GENDER WERE FOUND TO EXIST IN RATES OF BOTH PERIODONTITIS AND DIABETES WITH RESPECT TO DEMOGRAPHICS AND BEHAVIOURAL PREDICTORS THAT CANNOT BE EXPLAINED SOLELY BY THE WELL-ESTABLISHED ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THESE TWO DISEASES. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MULTIPLE DATASETS WERE EXTRACTED FROM THE NATIONAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY (NHANES) 2009-2014, WHICH USED A STRATIFIED MULTISTAGE PROBABILITY SAMPLING TO OBTAIN SAMPLES FROM ALL CIVILIAN NON-INSTITUTIONALISED PEOPLE IN THE USA...
May 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785527/birth-intervals-and-health-in-adulthood-a-comparison-of-siblings-using-swedish-register-data
#2
Kieron J Barclay, Martin Kolk
A growing body of research has examined whether birth intervals influence perinatal outcomes and child health as well as long-term educational and socioeconomic outcomes. To date, however, very little research has examined whether birth spacing influences long-term health. We use contemporary Swedish population register data to examine the relationship between birth-to-birth intervals and a variety of health outcomes in adulthood: for men, height, physical fitness, and the probability of falling into different body mass index categories; and for men and women, mortality...
May 21, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783962/predictors-of-weight-stigma-experienced-by-middle-older-aged-general-practice-patients-with-obesity-in-disadvantaged-areas-of-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Catherine Spooner, Upali W Jayasinghe, Nighat Faruqi, Nigel Stocks, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity have increased globally and weight stigma is commonly experienced by people with obesity. Feeling stigmatised because of one's weight can be a barrier to healthy eating, physical activity and to seeking help for weight management. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of perceived weight among middle-older aged patients with obesity attending general practices in socioeconomically disadvantaged urban areas of Australia. METHODS: As part of a randomised clinical trial in Australia, telephone interviews were conducted with 120 patients from 17 general practices in socioeconomically disadvantaged of Sydney and Adelaide...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782486/clinical-socioeconomic-and-behavioural-factors-at-age-50-years-and-risk-of-cardiometabolic-multimorbidity-and-mortality-a-cohort-study
#4
Archana Singh-Manoux, Aurore Fayosse, Séverine Sabia, Adam Tabak, Martin Shipley, Aline Dugravot, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity is increasingly common and is associated with adverse health outcomes, highlighting the need to broaden the single-disease framework that dominates medical research. We examined the role of midlife clinical characteristics, socioeconomic position, and behavioural factors in the development of cardiometabolic multimorbidity (at least 2 of diabetes, coronary heart disease, and stroke), along with how these factors modify risk of mortality. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Data on 8,270 men and women were drawn from the Whitehall II cohort study, with mean follow-up of 23...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770448/eating-practices-among-low-income-overweight-obese-brazilian-mothers-a-bourdieusian-approach
#5
Priscila de Morais Sato, Mariana Dimitrov Ulian, Ramiro Fernandez Unsain, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi
We investigated the eating practices of socially vulnerable overweight and obese Brazilian mothers, exploring the relationships between eating practices, capitals, fields and excess-weight. We conducted a qualitative study involving in-depth interviews of 21 women living in three vulnerable urban regions. Content analyses were performed and codes were used to locate actors in relation to each other in terms of 'capitals' and 'fields', forming a typology based on Bourdieu's theory with five groups. Socioeconomic conditions during childhood and liking to cook were the main characteristics related to each group's distinct eating practices...
May 16, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768647/-neighbourhood-deprivation-and-community-nutrition-environment-associations-between-the-social-and-built-environment-and-food-availability
#6
Toni Latawitz, Ulrike Spielau, Tobias Lipek, Ruth Gausche, Martina Lück, Wieland Kiess, Gesine Grande, Ulrike Igel
OBJECTIVE: Eating habits are influenced by individual socioeconomic status (SES). As the association between neighbourhood characteristics and food availability is still unclear, we investigated the community nutrition environment in different neighbourhoods. METHODS: Using official data of the city of Leipzig, we selected three neighbourhoods which differed in terms of their social (2 deprived vs. 1 affluent) and built (1 large housing estates vs. 2 historic buildings) environment...
May 16, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767219/alabama-children-s-body-mass-index-nutritional-attitudes-and-food-consumption-an-exploratory-analysis
#7
Vaughn Millner, Ryon C McDermott, Bernard H Eichold
OBJECTIVES: This study had three aims: assess the extent to which middle school children in southern Alabama were classified as overweight or obese; determine the magnitude of the relation between children's attitudes toward healthy eating and their actual dietary choices; and examine the role of race, sex, and ZIP codes on children's eating attitudes and behaviors. METHODS: Registered dietitians took height and weight measurements of middle school children in southern Alabama to establish body mass index (BMI)...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764488/interventions-to-improve-physical-activity-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-groups-an-umbrella-review
#8
REVIEW
Melinda Craike, Glen Wiesner, Toni A Hilland, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea
BACKGROUND: People from socioeconomically disadvantaged population groups are less likely to be physically active and more likely to experience adverse health outcomes than those who are less disadvantaged. In this umbrella review we examined across all age groups, (1) the effectiveness of interventions to improve physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, (2) the characteristics of effective interventions, and (3) directions for future research. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus were searched up to May 2017 to identify systematic reviews reporting physical activity interventions in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations or sub-groups...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762517/the-potential-cost-effectiveness-and-equity-impacts-of-restricting-television-advertising-of-unhealthy-food-and-beverages-to-australian-children
#9
Vicki Brown, Jaithri Ananthapavan, Lennert Veerman, Gary Sacks, Anita Lal, Anna Peeters, Kathryn Backholer, Marjory Moodie
Television (TV) advertising of food and beverages high in fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) influences food preferences and consumption. Children from lower socioeconomic position (SEP) have higher exposure to TV advertising due to more time spent watching TV. This paper sought to estimate the cost-effectiveness of legislation to restrict HFSS TV advertising until 9:30 pm, and to examine how health benefits and healthcare cost-savings differ by SEP. Cost-effectiveness modelling was undertaken (i) at the population level, and (ii) by area-level SEP...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759796/factors-associated-with-anthropometric-indicators-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-hemodialysis-and-after-kidney-transplant
#10
Julieta García De Alba Verduzco, Erika Fabiola Hurtado López, Consuelo Pontón Vázquez, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Enrique Romero Velarde, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to demonstrate that there are differences in the factors associated with anthropometric indicators of nutritional status, with particular emphasis on arm indicators, in children with end-stage kidney disease undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis (HD), and after kidney transplant (KT). METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study of consecutive cases included 130 children and adolescents with end-stage kidney disease undergoing substitutive treatment: 49 patients who underwent KT, 33 undergoing PD, and 47 undergoing HD...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754573/waist-circumference-in-6-12-year-old-children-the-health-oriented-pedagogical-project-hopp
#11
Per Morten Fredriksen, Angelica Skår, Asgeir Mamen
AIMS: With overweight and obesity increasing worldwide, it has become ever more important to monitor the development and distribution of adiposity in children. This study investigated how the measurements of waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in children 6-12 years old relate to earlier studies. METHODS: In 2015, 2271 children (boys, n = 1150) were measured for height, weight, and WC. Parental education level was used as a measure of socioeconomic status...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746753/-knowledge-and-level-of-understanding-of-the-ch%C3%A3-cate-m%C3%A3-dete-mu%C3%A3-vete-campaign-in-mexican-adults
#12
Araceli A Salazar-Coronel, Brenda Martinez-Tapia, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Ignacio Méndez Gómez-Humarán, Rebeca Uribe-Carvajal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and comprehension level of the Chécate, Mídete, Muévete campaign and its associ¬ated characteristics in Mexican adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the Mexican Halfway National Health and Nutrition Survey 2016, we obtained information about the knowledge and comprehension of the logo and messages that support the Chécate, Mídete, Muévete campaign. To identify the associated characteristics, we proved logistic and linear regression models and the variable contrast ef¬fects are shown...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746536/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-reported-attempts-at-weight-loss-and-specific-dietary-regimens-in-sweden-the-swediet-2017-study
#13
Linnea Bärebring, Anna Winkvist, Hanna Augustin
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of active weight loss attempts in Sweden, and to study the extent to which overweight individuals may or may not correctly identify themselves as overweight. Additional aims were to determine the sociodemographic factors associated with following a specific dietary regimen and with attempts at losing weight. A postal questionnaire was sent to 2000 randomly selected men and women living in Sweden. The inclusion criteria was an age of 20-65 years. In total, the response rate was 28% and the completed questionnaires from 555 participants were analyzed in this study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741920/trends-in-socioeconomic-disparities-in-obesity-prevalence-among-low-income-children-aged-2-4-years-in-los-angeles-county-2003-2014
#14
Tabashir Z Nobari, Shannon E Whaley, Michael L Prelip, Catherine M Crespi, May C Wang
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence among low-income preschool-aged children in the United States decreased between 2010 and 2014. However, this decreasing trend may be varied across socioeconomic subgroups. This study examined trends in obesity prevalence among low-income children from 2003 to 2014 by child's age and household and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: This study used administrative data for all children, aged 2-4 years, participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Los Angeles County (LAC) during the years 2003-2014...
May 9, 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741412/parental-socioeconomic-instability-and-child-obesity
#15
Antwan Jones
Using data from the 1986 to 2010 National Longitudinal Study of Youth (NLSY) and the NLSY Child and Young Adult Supplement, this research explores how changes in parental socioeconomic status relate to child obesity over time. Results from linear mixed-effects models indicate that maternal educational gains and maternal employment transitions significantly increased their child's body mass index (BMI). This finding suggests that mothers who work may have less time to devote to monitoring their child's food intake and physical activity, which places their children at higher risks of becoming overweight or obese over time...
January 2018: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737809/associations-between-socioeconomic-status-and-overweight-among-urban-children-aged-7-12-years-in-chengdu-southwest-china
#16
Junya Zhai, Hongmei Xue, Jiao Luo, Lishi Zhang, Guo Cheng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Income inequality in China has risen steadily over the past decades. This study explored the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and overweight among urban children aged 7-12 years in Chengdu, a comparatively prosperous metropolis city located in "the West China", the backward, less developed region of China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 among urban children aged 7-12 years old in Chengdu city...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731256/antiretroviral-therapy-potentiates-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-and-glucose-intolerance
#17
Mark E Pepin, Lindsey E Padgett, Ruth E McDowell, Ashley R Burg, Manoja K Brahma, Cassie Holleman, Teayoun Kim, David Crossman, Olaf Kutsch, Hubert M Tse, Adam R Wende, Kirk M Habegger
OBJECTIVE: Breakthroughs in HIV treatment, especially combination antiretroviral therapy (ART), have massively reduced AIDS-associated mortality. However, ART administration amplifies the risk of non-AIDS defining illnesses including obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, collectively known as metabolic syndrome. Initial reports suggest that ART-associated risk of metabolic syndrome correlates with socioeconomic status, a multifaceted finding that encompasses income, race, education, and diet...
April 20, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731019/evolving-trends-in-the-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Alanna Weisman, Ghazal S Fazli, Ashley Johns, Gillian L Booth
Currently, the global prevalence of diabetes is 8.8%. This figure is expected to increase worldwide, with the largest changes projected to occur in low- and middle-income countries. The aging of the world's population and substantial increases in obesity have contributed to the rise in diabetes. Global shifts in lifestyles have led to the adoption of unhealthy behaviours such as physical inactivity and poorer-quality diets. Correspondingly, diabetes is a rapidly-increasing problem in higher- as well as lower-income countries...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730800/ambient-air-emissions-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-female-breast-cancer-incidence-in-us
#19
William Parker Stults, Yudan Wei
To examine ambient air pollutants, specifically polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), as a factor in the geographic variation of breast cancer incidence seen in the US, we conducted an ecological study involving counties throughout the US to examine breast cancer incidence in relation to PAH emissions in ambient air. Age-adjusted incidence rates of female breast cancer from the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) program of the US National Cancer Institute were collected and analyzed using SEER*Stat 8...
May 5, 2018: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725487/influence-of-socioeconomic-status-on-changes-in-body-size-and-physical-activity-in-ageing-black-south-african-women
#20
Philippe Jean-Luc Gradidge, Shane A Norris, Richard Munthali, Nigel J Crowther
Background: The increasing prevalence of obesity in sub-Saharan African women is not well understood, and black South African women in the region are particularly vulnerable. This study aimed to examine whether the relationship of socioeconomic status (SES) with changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) is mediated by physical activity in ageing African women. Methods: In a longitudinal analysis of the 518 caregivers associated with the Birth to Twenty Plus study, the role of SES associated with 10-year changes in BMI and WC was tested using structural equation modelling (SEM)...
2018: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
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