keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity socioeconomic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915797/effectiveness-of-a-16-month-multi-component-and-environmental-school-based-intervention-for-recovery-of-poor-income-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-of-the-health-multipliers-program
#1
Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategies that intervene directly in the obesogenic environment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention, lasting 16 months, on the recovery of the nutritional status of low-income children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity...
September 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911983/does-the-association-between-early-life-growth-and-later-obesity-differ-by-race-ethnicity-or-socioeconomic-status-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Sarah B Andrea, Elizabeth R Hooker, Lynne C Messer, Thomas Tandy, Janne Boone-Heinonen
PURPOSE: Rapid growth during infancy predicts higher risk of obesity later in childhood. The association between patterns of early life growth and later obesity may differ by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status (SES), but prior evidence syntheses do not consider vulnerable subpopulations. METHODS: We systemically reviewed published studies that explored patterns of early life growth (0-24 months of age) as predictors of later obesity (>24 months) that were either conducted in racial/ethnic minority or low-SES study populations or assessed effect modification of this association by race/ethnicity or SES...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911189/long-working-hours-as-a-risk-factor-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-multi-cohort-study
#3
Mika Kivimäki, Solja T Nyberg, G David Batty, Ichiro Kawachi, Markus Jokela, Lars Alfredsson, Jakob B Bjorner, Marianne Borritz, Hermann Burr, Nico Dragano, Eleonor I Fransson, Katriina Heikkilä, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Meena Kumari, Ida E H Madsen, Martin L Nielsen, Maria Nordin, Tuula Oksanen, Jan H Pejtersen, Jaana Pentti, Reiner Rugulies, Paula Salo, Martin J Shipley, Sakari Suominen, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Peter Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Andrew Steptoe, Archana Singh-Manoux, Mark Hamer, Jane E Ferrie, Marianna Virtanen, Adam G Tabak
Aims: Studies suggest that people who work long hours are at increased risk of stroke, but the association of long working hours with atrial fibrillation, the most common cardiac arrhythmia and a risk factor for stroke, is unknown. We examined the risk of atrial fibrillation in individuals working long hours (≥55 per week) and those working standard 35-40 h/week. Methods and results: In this prospective multi-cohort study from the Individual-Participant-Data Meta-analysis in Working Populations (IPD-Work) Consortium, the study population was 85 494 working men and women (mean age 43...
September 7, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910990/the-contribution-of-genetics-and-environment-to-obesity
#4
David Albuquerque, Clévio Nóbrega, Licínio Manco, Cristina Padez
Background: Obesity is a global health problem mainly attributed to lifestyle changes such as diet, low physical activity or socioeconomics factors. However, several evidences consistently showed that genetics contributes significantly to the weight-gain susceptibility. Sources of data: A systematic literature search of most relevant original, review and meta-analysis, restricted to English was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and Google scholar up to May 2017 concerning the contribution of genetics and environmental factors to obesity...
September 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905662/self-reported-height-and-weight-in-oceanian-school-going-adolescents-and-factors-associated-with-errors
#5
Stéphane Frayon, Yolande Cavaloc, Guillaume Wattelez, Sophie Cherrier, Yannick Lerrant, Olivier Galy
We examined the accuracy of self-reported weight and height in New Caledonian school-going adolescents. Self-reported and measured height and weight data were collected from 665 adolescents of New Caledonia and were then compared. Multivariable logistic regressions identified the factors associated with inaccurate self-reports. Sensitivity and specificity of self-reported body mass index values to detect overweight or obesity were evaluated. Self-reported weight was significantly lower than measured weight (boys, -3...
September 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904715/awareness-of-hypertension-and-its-impact-on-blood-pressure-control-among-elderly-nigerians-report-from-the-ibadan-study-of-aging
#6
Yemi Raheem Raji, Taiwo Abiona, Oye Gureje
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is highly prevalent among the elderly. Its awareness has a direct influence on control through drug adherence. Earlier studies have shown that awareness of hypertension is low among sub-Saharan African populations but only a few studies have looked at the prevalence and awareness of hypertension among the elderly. METHODS: The Ibadan Study of Ageing is a longitudinal cohort study of the mental and physical health status as well as the functioning of elderly persons residing in the Yoruba-speaking areas of Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902314/validity-of-self-reported-anthropometry-in-adult-mexican-women
#7
Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Elsa Yunes-Díaz, Martin Lajous, Isabelle Romieu, Adriana Monge, Ruy López-Ridaura
Objective: To compare direct and self-reported anthropometry in Mexican women. Materials and methods: Women aged 30-72 years, participating in the Mexican Teachers' Cohort, completed a questionnaire with their anthropometric data in 2006-2008. After eleven months (median time), technicians performed anthropometry in 3756 participants. We calculated correlations and multivariable-adjusted mean differences between direct and self-reported anthropometric measures. Results: Correlations between direct and self-reported anthropometric measures ranged from 0...
May 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899934/bronchial-hyperresponsiveness-and-obesity-in-middle-age-insights-from-an-australian-cohort
#8
John A Burgess, Melanie C Matheson, Fei Diao, David P Johns, Bircan Erbas, Adrian J Lowe, Lyle C Gurrin, Caroline J Lodge, Paul S Thomas, Stephen Morrison, Bruce R Thompson, Iain Feather, Jennifer L Perret, Michael J Abramson, Graham G Giles, John L Hopper, Shyamali C Dharmage, Eugene H Walters
The association between obesity and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is incompletely characterised. Using the 2006 follow-up of the Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study, we measured the association between obesity and BHR and whether it was mediated by small airway closure or modified by asthma and sex of the patient.A methacholine challenge measured BHR. Multivariable logistic regression measured associations between body mass index (BMI) and BHR, adjusting for sex, asthma, smoking, corticosteroid use, family history and lung function...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898562/skipping-breakfast-among-australian-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-2011-12-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#9
Kylie J Smith, Monique C Breslin, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Leigh Blizzard, Alison J Venn
OBJECTIVE: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898503/using-appreciative-inquiry-methodology-to-develop-a-weight-management-program-for-obese-children-in-new-zealand
#10
Tasileta Teevale, Joseph K Kaholokula
OBJECTIVES: Paediatric obesity predicts adult obesity, and alarming new data in New Zealand reveals that obesity among the young continues to rise. In this study, we used a novel solution-focused paradigm, or appreciative inquiry perspective, to explore the factors that influence not just obese but non-obese states (that is, healthy weight as well as obesity), in Pacific adolescents (aged 13-17) living in socioeconomically deprived neighbourhoods. METHODS: Sixty-eight parents and adolescents from 30 families were recruited and interviewed, resulting in 15 obese and 15 healthy weight adolescents participating in the study...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895688/breakfast-nutritional-status-and-socioeconomic-outcome-measures-among-primary-school-students-from-the-city-of-salta-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Susana J Gotthelf, Claudia P Tempestti
INTRODUCTION: Socioeconomic context and family dynamics are determining factors when considering eating habits and nutritional status among students. It has been demonstrated that skipping breakfast or having a light breakfast has an unfavorable impact on nutritional status. OBJETIVE: To establish a relationship among breakfast, sociodemographic outcome measures, and nutritional status among students attending public schools in the urban and peri-urban areas of the City of Salta...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883541/prenatal-risk-factors-influencing-childhood-bmi-and-overweight-independent-of-birth-weight-and-infancy-bmi-a-path-analysis-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#12
C S Morgen, L Ängquist, J L Baker, A-Mn Andersen, K F Michaelsen, T I A Sørensen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prenatal risk factors for childhood overweight may operate indirectly through development in body size in early life and/or directly independent hereof. We quantified the effects of maternal and paternal body mass index (BMI), maternal age, socioeconomic position (SEP), parity, gestational weight gain, maternal smoking during pregnancy, caesarean section, birth weight, and BMI at 5 and 12 months on BMI and overweight at 7 and 11 years. METHODS: Family triads with information on maternal, paternal and child BMI at ages 7 (n=29 374) and 11 years (n=18 044) were selected from the Danish National Birth Cohort...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878109/socioeconomic-inequality-in-childhood-obesity
#13
Ghobad Moradi, Farideh Mostafavi, Namamali Azadi, Nader Esmaeilnasab, Ebrahim Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the socioeconomic inequalities in obesity and overweight in children aged 10 to 12 yr old. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted on 2506 children aged 10 to 12 yr old in the city of Sanandaj, western Iran in 2015. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Considering household situation and assets, socioeconomic status (SES) of the subjects was determined using Principal Component Analysis (PCA)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877558/social-status-and-energy-intake-a-randomized-controlled-experiment
#14
G Pavela, D W Lewis, J A Dawson, M Cardel, D B Allison
While the inverse association between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity in high gross domestic product countries is well established using observational data, the extent to which the association is due to a true causal effect of SES and, if so, the mechanisms of this effect remain incompletely known. To assess the influence of social status on obesity via energy intake, we randomized individuals to a higher or lower social status and observed subsequent energy intake. College students between the ages of 18 and 25 were randomized to social status and were operationalized as being a leader or follower in a partner activity as purportedly determined by a (bogus) test of leadership ability...
October 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874333/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-erectile-dysfunction-in-chinese-adult-males
#15
Xinyu Zhang, Bin Yang, Ni Li, Hongjun Li
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of nationwide epidemiologic survey data on the prevalence estimate of erectile dysfunction (ED) in Chinese men living on the mainland China. AIM: To attain the representative prevalence estimate of ED in the Chinese male population and to analyze potential risk factors associated with ED by demographics, socioeconomic status, and medical comorbidities. METHODS: The study was community based. The five-item Internation Index of Erectile Function questionnaire and in-person interview were used to obtain data...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873402/gene-environment-interaction-study-for-bmi-reveals-interactions-between-genetic-factors-and-physical-activity-alcohol-consumption-and-socioeconomic-status
#16
Mathias Rask-Andersen, Torgny Karlsson, Weronica E Ek, Åsa Johansson
Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified hundreds of genetic loci to be associated with body mass index (BMI) and risk of obesity. Genetic effects can differ between individuals depending on lifestyle or environmental factors due to gene-environment interactions. In this study, we examine gene-environment interactions in 362,496 unrelated participants with Caucasian ancestry from the UK Biobank resource. A total of 94 BMI-associated SNPs, selected from a previous GWAS on BMI, were used to construct weighted genetic scores for BMI (GSBMI)...
September 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871633/evaluation-of-aintree-loss-a-community-based-multidisciplinary-weight-management-service-outcomes-and-predictors-of-engagement
#17
T Steele, R P Narayanan, M James, J James, N Mazey, J P H Wilding
Aintree LOSS is a community-based, multidisciplinary weight management programme for patients with severe and complex obesity, focusing on a flexible and individualized service with follow-up for up to 2 years. We evaluated all 2472 patients referred to the service between October 2009 and 2013. Demographic data were recorded at baseline, with the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) used to measure socioeconomic deprivation. Weight was recorded at each visit. Mean body mass index at baseline was 45.6 (standard deviation 6...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860108/smartphone-ownership-among-us-adult-cigarette-smokers-2014-health-information-national-trends-survey-hints-data
#18
Jaimee L Heffner, Kristin E Mull
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing interest in smartphone apps as a platform for delivery of tobacco cessation interventions, no previous studies have evaluated the prevalence and characteristics of smokers who can access smartphone-delivered interventions. OBJECTIVE: To guide treatment development in this new platform and to evaluate disparities in access to smartphone-delivered interventions, we examined associations of smartphone ownership with demographics, tobacco use and thoughts about quitting, other health behaviors, physical and mental health, health care access, and Internet and technology utilization using a nationally representative sample of US adult smokers...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845611/socioeconomic-status-and-differential-lifetime-costs-of-overweight-and-obesity-an-application-of-microsimulations
#19
Tapan Mehta, Allyson Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845610/dc-obesity-a-new-model-for-estimating-differential-lifetime-costs-of-overweight-and-obesity-by-socioeconomic-status
#20
Diana Sonntag, Marc N Jarczok, Shehzad Ali
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the magnitude of lifetime costs of overweight and obesity by socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: Differential Costs (DC)-Obesity is a new model that uses time-to-event simulation and the Markov modeling approach to compare lifetime excess costs of overweight and obesity among individuals with low, middle, and high SES. SES was measured by a multidimensional aggregated index based on level of education, occupational class, and income by using longitudinal data of the German Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP)...
September 2017: Obesity
keyword
keyword
100671
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"