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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645975/the-impact-of-weight-misperception-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-korean-adults-knhanes-2007-2014-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Susan Park, Sejin Lee, Jinseub Hwang, Jin-Won Kwon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Weight perception, especially misperception, might affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL); however, related research is scarce and results remain equivocal. We examined the association between HRQoL and weight misperception by comparing obesity level as measured by body mass index (BMI) and weight perception in Korean adults. METHODS: Study subjects were 43 883 adults aged 19 years or older from cycles IV (2007-2009), V (2010-2012) and VI (2013-2014) of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645567/entrenched-obesity-in-childhood-findings-from-a-national-cohort-study
#2
Solveig A Cunningham, Ashlesha Datar, K M Venkat Narayan, Michael R Kramer
PURPOSE: Given the high levels of obesity among U.S. children, we examine whether obesity in childhood is a passing phenomenon or remains entrenched into adolescence. METHODS: Data are from the prospective nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (analytic sample = 6600). Anthropometrics were measured six times during 1998-2007. Overweight and obesity were defined using CDC cut-points. Entrenched obesity was defined as obesity between ages 5-9 coupled with persistent obesity at ages 11 and 14...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641372/comparison-of-sociodemographic-and-health-related-characteristics-of-uk-biobank-participants-with-the-general-population
#3
Anna Fry, Thomas J Littlejohns, Cathie Sudlow, Nicola Doherty, Ligia Adamska, Tim Sprosen, Rory Collins, Naomi E Allen
UK Biobank is a population-based cohort of 500,000 participants recruited between 2006 and 2010. Approximately 9.2 million individuals aged 40-69 years who lived within 25 miles of the 22 assessment centres in England, Wales and Scotland were invited, and 5.4% participated in the baseline assessment. The representativeness of the UK Biobank cohort was investigated by comparing demographic characteristics between non-responders and responders. Sociodemographic, physical, lifestyle and health-related characteristics of the cohort were compared with nationally representative data sources...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639320/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-aged-12-to-17-years
#4
REVIEW
Lena Al-Khudairy, Emma Loveman, Jill L Colquitt, Emma Mead, Rebecca E Johnson, Hannah Fraser, Joan Olajide, Marie Murphy, Rochelle Marian Velho, Claire O'Malley, Liane B Azevedo, Louisa J Ells, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Karen Rees
BACKGROUND: Adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with short- and long-term health consequences. Modifying known dietary and behavioural risk factors through behaviour changing interventions (BCI) may help to reduce childhood overweight and obesity. This is an update of a review published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obese adolescents aged 12 to 17 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639319/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-children-from-the-age-of-6-to-11-years
#5
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Tamara Brown, Karen Rees, Liane B Azevedo, Victoria Whittaker, Dan Jones, Joan Olajide, Giulia M Mainardi, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Elizabeth Beardsmore, Lena Al-Khudairy, Louise Baur, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Alessandro Demaio, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. This is an update of a Cochrane review published first in 2003, and updated previously in 2009. However, the update has now been split into six reviews addressing different childhood obesity treatments at different ages. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions (behaviour-changing interventions) for the treatment of overweight or obese children aged 6 to 11 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638747/health-care-disparities-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Hudaisa Hafeez, Muhammad Zeshan, Muhammad A Tahir, Nusrat Jahan, Sadiq Naveed
About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers' awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637406/socioeconomic-status-the-missing-link-between-obesity-and-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Alexei Volaco, Ana Maria Cavalcanti, Roberto Pecoits Filho, Dalton Bertolim Précoma
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is an epidemic expansion of the obesity rates worldwide. The increasing number of obese individuals associated with the aging of population leads to increasing number of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at the same rate. The traditional factors that link obesity to T2DM are related to genetics, hypercaloric diet, sedentary lifestyle, and stress. Individuals from lower socioeconomic status (SES) have restricted autonomy and opportunities that could lead to more stress and consequently increase in stress hormones, such as cortisol, catecholamines, glucagon, and growth hormone, which might ultimately change fat deposition, increasing visceral fat and increasing the risk of T2DM mellitus development...
June 21, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634876/life-expectancy-gain-due-to-employment-status-depends-on-race-gender-education-and-their-intersections
#8
Shervin Assari
PURPOSE: Despite the well-established health effects of socioeconomic status (SES), SES resources such as employment may differently influence health outcomes across sub-populations. This study used a national sample of US adults to test if the effect of baseline employment (in 1986) on all-cause mortality over a 25-year period depends on race, gender, education level, and their intersections. METHODS: Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) study, which followed 2025 Whites and 1156 Blacks for 25 years from 1986 to 2011...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632874/screening-for-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#9
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Based on year 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts, approximately 17% of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years in the United States have obesity, and almost 32% of children and adolescents are overweight or have obesity. Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with morbidity such as mental health and psychological issues, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, orthopedic problems, and adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes (eg, high blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, and insulin resistance)...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626829/socioeconomic-status-as-an-effect-modifier-of-alcohol-consumption-and-harm-analysis-of-linked-cohort-data
#10
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Elise Whitley, Jim Lewsey, Linsay Gray, Alastair H Leyland
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related mortality and morbidity are high in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations compared with individuals from advantaged areas. It is unclear if this increased harm reflects differences in alcohol consumption between these socioeconomic groups, reverse causation (ie, downward social selection for high-risk drinkers), or a greater risk of harm in individuals of low socioeconomic status compared with those of higher status after similar consumption. We aimed to investigate whether the harmful effects of alcohol differ by socioeconomic status, accounting for alcohol consumption and other health-related factors...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617414/obesity
#11
REVIEW
Pedro González-Muniesa, Miguel-Angel Mártinez-González, Frank B Hu, Jean-Pierre Després, Yuji Matsuzawa, Ruth J F Loos, Luis A Moreno, George A Bray, J Alfredo Martinez
Excessive fat deposition in obesity has a multifactorial aetiology, but is widely considered the result of disequilibrium between energy intake and expenditure. Despite specific public health policies and individual treatment efforts to combat the obesity epidemic, >2 billion people worldwide are overweight or obese. The central nervous system circuitry, fuel turnover and metabolism as well as adipose tissue homeostasis are important to comprehend excessive weight gain and associated comorbidities. Obesity has a profound impact on quality of life, even in seemingly healthy individuals...
June 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615263/factors-associated-with-inflammation-in-preschool-children-and-women-of-reproductive-age-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#12
REVIEW
Rebecca D Merrill, Rachel M Burke, Christine A Northrop-Clewes, Pura Rayco-Solon, Rafael Flores-Ayala, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Mary K Serdula, Parminder S Suchdev
Background: In many settings, populations experience recurrent exposure to inflammatory agents that catalyze fluctuations in the concentrations of acute-phase proteins and certain micronutrient biomarkers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), ferritin, and retinol. Few data are available on the prevalence and predictors of inflammation in diverse settings.Objective: We aimed to assess the relation between inflammation (CRP concentration >5 mg/L or AGP concentration >1 g/L) and covariates, such as demographics, reported illness, and anthropometric status, in preschool children (PSC) (age range: 6-59 mo) and women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y)...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608806/targeting-overconsumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-vs-overall-poor-diet-quality-for-cardiometabolic-diseases-risk-prevention-place-your-bets
#13
REVIEW
Benoit J Arsenault, Benoît Lamarche, Jean-Pierre Després
Chronic overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is amongst the dietary factors most consistently found to be associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in large epidemiological studies. Intervention studies have shown that SSB overconsumption increases intra-abdominal obesity and ectopic lipid deposition in the liver, and also exacerbates cardiometabolic risk. Similar to the prevalence of obesity and T2D, national surveys of food consumption have shown that chronic overconsumption of SSBs is skyrocketing in many parts of the world, yet with marked heterogeneity across countries...
June 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608606/waist-to-height-ratio-and-its-association-with-tv-viewing-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-children-aged-7-9-years
#14
Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Romulo Fernandes, Augusta Gama, Isabel Mourao, Helena Nogueira, Vitor Marques, Cristina Padez
INTRODUCTION: During the past decades, increased TV viewing and reduced physical activity (PA) levels may have contributed to the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity. This study aimed to analyze the association between TV viewing and central adiposity risk in Portuguese children. METHODS: The sample comprised 3987 children (1997 girls and 1990 boys) aged 7-9 years. Height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) were measured. Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) was calculated as the ratio of waist/height with a cut-off of 0...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606120/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-a-higher-burden-of-obesity-and-risk-of-dietary-inadequacies-among-mothers-in-beirut-lebanon
#15
Lamis Jomaa, Farah Naja, Ruba Cheaib, Nahla Hwalla
BACKGROUND: Mixed evidence exists with respect to the association between household food insecurity (HFIS) and obesity in low-to-middle income countries (LMICs), particularly among women. This study aimed to measure socioeconomic correlates of HFIS and explores its association with dietary intake and odds of obesity among mothers in Lebanon, a middle-income country undergoing nutrition transition. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a representative sample of households (n = 378) in Beirut, Lebanon...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605068/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-the-pathogenesis-of-hypertension
#16
Colin N Young
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a cellular organelle specialized in the synthesis, folding, assembly, and modification of proteins. In situations of increased protein demand, complex signaling pathways, termed the unfolded protein response (UPR), influence a series of cellular feedback loops to strictly control ER function. While initially a compensatory attempt to maintain cellular homeostasis, chronic activation of the UPR, known as ER stress, leads to sustained changes in cellular function. A growing body of literature points to ER stress in diverse cardioregulatory systems, including the brain, kidney and vasculature, as central to the development of hypertension...
June 12, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601785/pollution-and-regional-variations-of-lung-cancer-mortality-in-the-united-states
#17
Justin Xavier Moore, Tomi Akinyemiju, Henry E Wang
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to identify counties in the United States (US) with high rates of lung cancer mortality, and to characterize the associated community-level factors while focusing on particulate-matter pollution. METHODS: We performed a descriptive analysis of lung cancer deaths in the US from 2004 through 2014. We categorized counties as "clustered" or "non-clustered" - based on whether or not they had high lung cancer mortality rates - using novel geospatial autocorrelation methods...
June 8, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601624/age-at-menarche-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-using-mendelian-randomization-in-the-guangzhou-biobank-cohort-study
#18
Shiu Lun Au Yeung, Chaoqiang Jiang, Kar Keung Cheng, Lin Xu, Weisen Zhang, Tai Hing Lam, Gabriel Matthew Leung, C Mary Schooling
Observational studies show earlier age at menarche associated with higher risk of cardiovascular disease although these studies could be confounded by childhood obesity or childhood socioeconomic position. We tested the hypothesis that earlier age at menarche is associated with poorer cardiovascular risk factors using a Mendelian randomization design. We conducted a Mendelian randomization study in a large Southern Chinese cohort, the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study (n=12,279), to clarify the causal role of menarche in cardiovascular disease risk factors including blood pressure, lipids, fasting glucose, adiposity and type 2 diabetes...
June 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601585/prevalence-of-diabetes-and-prediabetes-in-15-states-of-india-results-from-the-icmr-indiab-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#19
Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Mohan Deepa, Rajendra Pradeepa, Jagadish Mahanta, Kanwar Narain, Hiranya Kumar Das, Prabha Adhikari, Paturi Vishnupriya Rao, Banshi Saboo, Ajay Kumar, Anil Bhansali, Mary John, Rosang Luaia, Taranga Reang, Somorjit Ningombam, Lobsang Jampa, Richard O Budnah, Nirmal Elangovan, Radhakrishnan Subashini, Ulagamathesan Venkatesan, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Ashok Kumar Das, Sri Venkata Madhu, Mohammed K Ali, Arvind Pandey, Rupinder Singh Dhaliwal, Tanvir Kaur, Soumya Swaminathan, Viswanathan Mohan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have not adequately captured the heterogeneous nature of the diabetes epidemic in India. The aim of the ongoing national Indian Council of Medical Research-INdia DIABetes study is to estimate the national prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in India by estimating the prevalence by state. METHODS: We used a stratified multistage design to obtain a community-based sample of 57 117 individuals aged 20 years or older. The sample population represented 14 of India's 28 states (eight from the mainland and six from the northeast of the country) and one union territory...
June 7, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600842/a-scoping-review-of-epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-pediatric-obesity-implications-for-future-childhood-obesity-and-dental-caries-prevention-research
#20
Donald L Chi, Monique Luu, Frances Chu
RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the non-modifiable (socioeconomic, genetic) and modifiable factors (physical activity, dietary behaviors) related to childhood (under age 12) obesity? How can this knowledge be applied to oral health professionals' efforts to prevent or manage dental caries in children? OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified risk factors for childhood obesity. The purpose of this scoping review was to develop a conceptual model to identify non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity and to illustrate how these findings are relevant in developing interventions aimed at preventing obesity and dental caries in children...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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