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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339339/use-of-dietary-supplements-improved-diet-quality-but-not-cardiovascular-and-nutritional-biomarkers-in-socioeconomically-diverse-african-american-and-white-adults
#1
Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski, May A Beydoun, Emily Stave Shupe, Ryan T Pohlig, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans
Knowledge of the contribution of supplements to overall nutritional health is limited. The research objectives were to describe motivations for use of dietary supplements by African Americans and Whites examined in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study and to determine if supplements provided beneficial effects to micronutrient diet quality and nutritional and cardiovascular biomarkers. The majority of the HANDLS study population were smokers, overweight or obese, and self-reported their health as poor to good...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330819/childhood-excess-weight-in-spain-from-2006-to-2012-determinants-and-parental-misperception
#2
María D Ramiro-González, Belén Sanz-Barbero, Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Due to the high prevalence of childhood obesity in Spain, we analyzed changes in its prevalence from 2006 to 2007 and from 2011 to 2012, as well as diet, sleep, and sedentary habits in 5- to 14-year-olds and parental misperceptions about their children's excess weight. METHODS: The sample was from the Spanish National Health Surveys for 2006 to 2007 (n=5590) and for 2011 to 2012 (n=3601). Data were collected by trained personnel through telephone interviews with parents/guardians...
March 18, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330702/-exploratory-population-study-of-overweight-and-obese-subjects-perceptions-searching-for-improved-management-practices
#3
C Crutze, B Pétré, N Dardenne, A-F Donneau, S Streel, A Albert, A Scheen, E Husson, M Guillaume
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are major public health problems of growing concern. Few studies have investigated the representations and perceptions of subjects with overweight and obesity, especially in the general population, as compared to people in a medical weight loss process. The objective of this study was to fill this gap by enabling participants to express their feelings and experience about their overweight, and to assess the extent of the body mass index (BMI) as a determinant of these perceptions...
March 19, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329086/obesity-history-and-daily-patterns-of-physical-activity-at-age-60-64-years-findings-from-the-mrc-national-survey-of-health-and-development
#4
Rachel Cooper, Lei Huang, Rebecca Hardy, Adina Crainiceanu, Tamara Harris, Jennifer A Schrack, Ciprian Crainiceanu, Diana Kuh
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate associations of current body mass index (BMI) and obesity history with daily patterns of physical activity. Methods: At age 60-64, participants from a British birth cohort study wore accelerometers for 5 days. Accelerometry counts were log-transformed and mean log-counts were used to derive a summary variable indicating total daily log-activity counts. Among those with complete data (n = 1,388) the associations of current BMI and age of first obesity were examined with: (a) total daily log-activity counts and (b) total log-activity counts in four segments of the day...
February 18, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322645/the-effects-of-a-health-partner-program-on-reducing-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#5
Tingting Liu
Previous lifestyle intervention research targeting prediabetes has primarily focused on weight loss, blood glucose, and lipid abnormalities. Far less is known whether lifestyle interventions lower other biological and physical risk factors for cardiovascular disease in overweight/obese adults with or without prediabetes. The aim of the study was to determine if a health partner program reduced biological and physical cardiovascular risk factors in overweight/obese adults with and without prediabetes at 1 year...
December 1, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319102/malnutrition-and-non-communicable-diseases-among-bangladeshi-women-an-urban-rural-comparison
#6
M S Zahangir, M M Hasan, A Richardson, S Tabassum
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aims at examining the urban-rural differentials in the effects of socioeconomic predictors on underweight and obesity of ever-married women in Bangladesh. The effect of malnutrition and other risk factors on non-communicable diseases is also examined. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The information regarding nutritional status, socioeconomic and demographic background, and non-communicable diseases of ever-married women was extracted from the nationally representative, cross-sectional Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS 2011) data set...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299370/change-in-commute-mode-and-body-mass-index-prospective-longitudinal-evidence-from-uk-biobank
#7
Ellen Flint, Elizabeth Webb, Steven Cummins
BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity is a determinant of obesity and cardiovascular disease. Active travel to work has declined in high-income countries in recent decades. We aimed to determine which socioeconomic and demographic characteristics predicted switching to or from active commuting, whether switching from passive to active commuting (or the reverse) independently predicts change in objectively measured body-mass index (BMI), and to ascertain whether any association is attenuated by socioeconomic, demographic, or behavioural factors...
December 2016: Lancet Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296261/determinants-of-adherence-to-lifestyle-intervention-in-adults-with-obesity-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
E Burgess, P Hassmén, K L Pumpa
Lifestyle intervention programmes are efficacious in the management of obesity but often report poor attendance and adherence rates that hinder treatment effectiveness and health outcomes. The aim of this systematic review is to identify (i) barriers to behaviour change and (ii) predictors of adherence to lifestyle intervention programmes in adults with obesity. Studies were identified by systematically reviewing the literature within Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science from inception to August 2016...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294570/how-does-obesity-affect-the-endocrine-system-a-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
M Poddar, Y Chetty, V T Chetty
Obesity is a chronic, relapsing medical condition that results from an imbalance of energy expenditure and consumption. It is a leading cause of preventable illness, disability and premature death. The causes of obesity are multifactorial and include behavioural, socioeconomic, genetic, environmental and psychosocial factors. Rarely are endocrine diseases, e.g., hypothyroidism or Cushing's syndrome, the cause of obesity. What is less understood is how obesity affects the endocrine system. In this review, we will discuss the impact of obesity on multiple endocrine systems, including the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, changes in vitamin D homeostasis, gender steroids and thyroid hormones...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293856/imaging-of-diabetic-bone
#10
Federico Ponti, Sara Guerri, Claudia Sassi, Giuseppe Battista, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Alberto Bazzocchi
Diabetes is an important concern in terms of medical and socioeconomic costs; a high risk for low-trauma fractures has been reported in patients with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The mechanism involved in the increased fracture risk from diabetes is highly complex and still not entirely understood; obesity could play an important role: recent evidence suggests that the influence of fat on bone is mainly dependent on the pattern of regional fat deposition and that an increased amount of visceral adipose tissue negatively affects skeletal health...
March 14, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292278/caesarean-section-and-adiposity-at-6-18-and-30%C3%A2-years-of-age-results-from-three-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohorts
#11
Aluisio J D Barros, Leonardo Pozza Santos, Fernando Wehrmeister, Janaina Vieira Dos Santos Motta, Alicia Matijasevich, Ina S Santos, Ana M B Menezes, Helen Gonçalves, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção, Bernardo L Horta, Fernando C Barros
BACKGROUND: Association between caesarian section (C-section) and obesity is controversial and mostly based on body mass index (BMI), which has inherent limitations. Using direct estimates of body fat mass, we aimed to assess the association between C-section and adiposity using fat mass index and BMI z-score in three birth cohort studies from Pelotas, Brazil. METHODS: We measured weight, height and fat mass (using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)) at ages 6, 18 and 30 years among participants in the 2004, 1993 and 1982 population-based Pelotas Birth Cohort Studies, respectively...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287630/overweight-and-obesity-in-mexican-children-and-adolescents-during-the-last-25-years
#12
S Hernández-Cordero, L Cuevas-Nasu, M C Morán-Ruán, I Méndez-Gómez Humarán, M A Ávila-Arcos, J A Rivera-Dommarco
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to provide current estimates of the prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity (OW+OB) in Mexican children and adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Body mass index objectively measured was analyzed for 37 147 children and adolescents aged 0-19 years obtained in 2012 as part of the National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT-2012), a nationally representative sample of the Mexican population. In addition, data from previous National Nutrition Surveys obtained in 1988, 1999 and 2006 were compared with analyze trends over a 24-year period (1988-2012) for children <5 years of age and adolescents and over a 13-year period (1999-2012) for school-age children...
March 13, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287459/prevalence-and-correlates-of-preschool-overweight-and-obesity-amidst-the-nutrition-transition-findings-from-a-national-cross-sectional-study-in-lebanon
#13
Lara Nasreddine, Nahla Hwalla, Angie Saliba, Christelle Akl, Farah Naja
There is increasing evidence linking early life adiposity to disease risk later in life. This study aims at determining the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among preschoolers in Lebanon. A national cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst 2-5 years old children (n = 525). Socio-demographic, lifestyle, dietary, and anthropometric data were obtained. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was estimated at 6.5% and 2.7%, respectively. Based on stepwise logistic regression for the prediction of overweight and obesity (combined), the variance accounted for by the first block (socioeconomic, parental characteristics) was 11...
March 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284174/childhood-obesity-among-the-poor-in-peru-are-there-implications-for-cognitive-outcomes
#14
Suzanne L Wisniewski
This paper exploits three rounds of panel data provided by the Peruvian dataset of the Young Lives study to investigate the relationship between child cognition and obesity status among the poor. Child weight status is measured by a full distribution of child weight, from severely thin to obese, using data from a z-score for body mass index and cognition is measured by the Spanish version of the Picture Peabody Vocabulary Test (PPVT). This relationship is studied at age five and age eight (school age), and disaggregated across socioeconomic factors of gender, urban/rural setting and indigenous/nonindigenous status...
February 27, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277046/social-disparities-in-diabetes-care-a-general-population-study-in-denmark
#15
Andreas Heltberg, John Sahl Andersen, Jakob Kragstrup, Volkert Siersma, Håkon Sandholdt, Christina Ellervik
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between socioeconomic factors and the attainment of treatment goals and pharmacotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes in Denmark. DESIGN: A cross-sectional population study. SETTING: The municipality of Naestved, Denmark. SUBJECTS: We studied 907 patients with type 2 diabetes identified from a random sample of 21,205 Danish citizens. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The proportion of patients who were not achieving goals for diabetes care based on their HbA1c, LDL-cholesterol, blood pressure, and lifestyle, and the proportion of patients who were treated with antihypertensive and cholesterol- and glucose-lowering medication...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274786/exploring-the-role-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-in-obesity-among-new-yorkers-using-propensity-score-matching
#16
Marissa Burgermaster, Hiershenee Bhana, M Dot Fullwood, Diego A Luna Bazaldua, Elizabeth Tipton
BACKGROUND: Results from clinical trials have shown that sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) lead to increased body mass index (BMI) and obesity. This relationship has yet to be explored in observational data for nonclinical populations of adults. OBJECTIVE: To compare adults who drank 4+ SSBs daily to those who drank 0 in the population of adults in New York City, and to better understand adult risk factors associated with higher daily SSB consumption and BMI. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data using propensity score matching...
March 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273680/the-effectiveness-and-promising-strategies-of-obesity-prevention-and-treatment-programmes-among-adolescents-from-disadvantaged-backgrounds-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
D A Kornet-van der Aa, T M Altenburg, C H van Randeraad-van der Zee, M J M Chinapaw
This review aimed to summarize the evidence on the effectiveness of obesity prevention and treatment programmes for adolescents from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds. A secondary aim was to identify potential successful intervention strategies for this target group. PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library were searched from January 2000 up to February 2016. Intervention studies targeting adolescents from disadvantaged backgrounds were included, with body mass index as outcome. Secondary outcomes were other adiposity measures, physical activity, diet, sedentary behaviour and screen time...
March 8, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273035/the-association-of-household-food-security-household-characteristics-and-school-environment-with-obesity-status-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-children-and-youth-in-canada-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#18
Jasmin Bhawra, Martin J Cooke, Yanling Guo, Piotr Wilk
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous children are twice as likely to be classified as obese and three times as likely to experience household food insecurity when compared with non- Indigenous Canadian children. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between food insecurity and weight status among Métis and off-reserve First Nations children and youth across Canada. METHODS: We obtained data on children and youth aged 6 to 17 years (n = 6900) from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey...
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252620/-mortality-and-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-russia-specific-features-trends-and-prognosis
#19
S A Boytsov, A D Deev, S A Shalnova
In the Russian Federation, the increase in all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality began in the 1960s and lasted almost continuously until 2003. In our country, the characteristics of mortality are its substantially higher rates among men and a large regional variability, which is associated with economic, climatic, and geographic factors. Urbanization coupled with dietary changes and the higher prevalence of hypertension is the most likely initial impetus to the rise in mortality rates. The subsequent increase in mortality can be explained by the higher prevalence of behavioral and biological risk factors, alcoholism, and, since the 1990s, by heavy and protracted socioeconomic upheavals and lifestyle changes...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241462/the-relationship-between-maternal-plasma-leptin-and-adiponectin-concentrations-and-newborn-adiposity
#20
Natália P Castro, Verônica V Euclydes, Fernanda A Simões, Lourdes R A Vaz-de-Lima, Cyro A De Brito, Liania A Luzia, Delan Devakumar, Patrícia H C Rondó
Increased maternal blood concentrations of leptin and decreased adiponectin levels, which are common disturbances in obesity, may be involved in offspring adiposity by programming fetal adipose tissue development. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between maternal leptin and adiponectin concentrations and newborn adiposity. This was a cross-sectional study involving 210 healthy mother-newborn pairs from a public maternity hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. Maternal blood samples were collected after delivery and leptin and adiponectin concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
February 23, 2017: Nutrients
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