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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441347/association-between-sleep-and-body-weight-a-panel-data-model-based-on-a-retrospective-longitudinal-cohort-of-chinese-infants
#1
Tingting Sha, Yan Yan, Xiao Gao, Shiting Xiang, Guangyu Zeng, Shiping Liu, Qiong He
The focus of this article is on sleep duration and sleep problems in infants and their association with body weight. A retrospective birth cohort of 519 infants was enrolled in a community-based study conducted in Changsha, China. Infant weight and other health-related information were collected during regular standard checkups at the Community Health Service Centers when infants were 1, 3, 6, 8, and 12 months old. The sleep duration and sleep problems of infants were assessed by maternal self-reports. Panel data model was used to evaluate the association of sleep duration and sleep problems with infant body weight...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440518/-choice-of-bariatric-and-metabolic-surgical-procedures
#2
Hui Liang, Shibo Lin, Wei Guan
Bariatric and metabolic surgery has become the clinical hot topic of the treatment of metabolic syndromes including obesity and diabetes mellitus, but how to choose the appropriate surgical procedure remains the difficult problem in clinical practice. Clinical guidelines of American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery(ASMBS)(version 2013) introduced the procedures of bariatric and metabolic surgery mainly including biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch(BPD-DS), laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy(LSG)...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435830/high-socioeconomic-status-and-key-risk-factors-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-rural-to-urban-migrant-7-10y-old-children-in-shanghai-china
#3
Jinkui Lu, Xiaojian Yin, Yuqiang Deng, Liu Ji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435757/beyond-the-ability-to-pay-the-health-status-of-native-hawaiians-and-other-pacific-islanders-in-relationship-to-health-insurance
#4
Ashley K Morisako, Maile Tauali'i, Adrian Jacques H Ambrose, Kelley Withy
Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI) suffer from a number of poor health outcomes, such as high rates of overweight status, obesity, hypertension, and high rates of asthma and cancer mortality. In addition to a disproportionate burden of illness, barriers to health care access and utilization also exist. This study examines the effect of health insurance coverage on the health status of NHOPI in comparison to Asians. To analyze this relationship, the study uses the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) 2012 data and logistic regression...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434193/mediators-of-socioeconomic-differences-in-adiposity-among-youth-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
M K Gebremariam, N Lien, R A Nianogo, O A Arah
BACKGROUND: Youth with a low socioeconomic position in developed countries are at a disproportionately higher risk of being overweight or obese than their counterparts. Tackling these inequalities requires that the mechanisms behind them are well understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to summarize existing evidence regarding the factors that mediate or contribute to the explanation of the relationship between socioeconomic position and adiposity among youth...
April 23, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434185/can-targeted-policies-reduce-obesity-and-improve-obesity-related-behaviours-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-populations-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
D L Olstad, R Ancilotto, M Teychenne, L M Minaker, D R Taber, K D Raine, C I J Nykiforuk, K Ball
This review synthesized evidence from controlled studies pertaining to the impact of targeted policies on anthropometric, dietary and physical activity outcomes amongst socioeconomically disadvantaged children and adults. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Equity guidelines were followed. Eligible studies were published from 2004 to August 2015 and examined the impact of targeted policies on anthropometric, dietary and physical activity outcomes amongst socioeconomically disadvantaged populations...
April 23, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422946/pediatric-cushing-disease-disparities-in-disease-severity-and-outcomes-in-the-hispanic-and-african-american-populations
#7
Alexandra Gkourogianni, Ninet Sinaii, Sharon H Jackson, Alexander S Karageorgiadis, Charalampos Lyssikatos, Elena Belyavskaya, Margaret F Keil, Mihail Zilbermint, Prashant Chittiboina, Constantine A Stratakis, Maya B Lodish
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the contribution of racial and socioeconomic disparities to severity and outcomes for children with Cushing disease (CD). METHODS: 129 children with CD, 45 Hispanic/Latino or African American (HI/AA) and 84 non-Hispanic White (non-HW), are included. A 10-point index for rating severity (CD-severity) incorporated degree of hypercortisolemia, glucose tolerance, hypertension, anthropomorphic measurements, disease duration, and tumor characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421783/factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-in-brazilian-children-structural-equation-model
#8
Tatiane Géa-Horta, Rita De Cássia Ribeiro Silva, Rosemeire Leovigildo Fiaccone, Maurício Lima Barreto, Gustavo Velásquez Meléndez
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity in children is an important global problem. Its prevalence is increasing in developed and developing countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between socioeconomic conditions, maternal body mass index (BMI), food security, and intake of obesogenic foods on excess body weight in children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, using the data of 3,676 children from the latest National Demographic and Health Survey in Brazil...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421691/the-impact-of-maternal-employment-on-children-s-adiposity-evidence-from-china-s-labor-policy-reform
#9
Young Jo, Qing Wang
BACKGROUND: China has experienced a rapid growth in childhood adiposity in recent years. Although a large number of studies examine the effect of maternal employment on children's adiposity in developed countries, only a few studies investigate the issue in developing countries. Moreover, existing studies tend to suffer from a potential endogeneity issue. AIMS: We provide new evidence on the causal effect of maternal employment on children's adiposity in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We employ a difference-in-difference strategy that takes advantage of China's 1995 legislative change to labor regulations, which reduced the number of workdays from 6 to 5 days per week...
April 19, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420116/construct-validity-of-an-obesity-risk-screening-tool-in-two-age-groups
#10
Karissa L Peyer, Greg J Welk
Home environment influences child health, but the impact varies as children move into adolescence. The Family Nutrition and Physical Activity (FNPA) screening tool has been used to evaluate home environments, but studies have not compared the utility of the tool in different age groups. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of the FNPA tool in first and tenth grade samples. Parents of first grade (n = 250) and tenth grade (n = 99) students completed the FNPA and results were linked to body mass index (BMI) data...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419373/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-morbid-obesity-among-children-and-adolescents-in-shandong-china-1995-2014
#11
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Zun-Hua Chu, Su-Yun Li, Jin-Shan Zhao, Jing-Yang Zhou
Background: : Childhood obesity has increased dramatically during the past decades; however, data on the prevalence of morbid obesity is limited. The present study examined the prevalent trends in morbid obesity among children and adolescents during the past 19 years (1995-2014) in Shandong, China. Methods: : Data for this study were obtained from five cross-sectional surveys (1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014) of schoolchildren in Shandong Province, China. A total of 41 500 students aged 7-18 years were included in this study...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414020/modifying-alcohol-consumption-to-reduce-obesity-macro-development-and-feasibility-trial-of-a-complex-community-based-intervention-for-men
#12
Iain K Crombie, Kathryn B Cunningham, Linda Irvine, Brian Williams, Falko F Sniehotta, John Norrie, Ambrose Melson, Claire Jones, Andrew Briggs, Peter M Rice, Marcus Achison, Andrew McKenzie, Elena Dimova, Peter W Slane
BACKGROUND: Obese men who consume alcohol are at a greatly increased risk of liver disease; those who drink > 14 units of alcohol per week have a 19-fold increased risk of dying from liver disease. OBJECTIVES: To develop an intervention to reduce alcohol consumption in obese men and to assess the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to investigate its effectiveness. DESIGN OF THE INTERVENTION: The intervention was developed using formative research, public involvement and behaviour change theory...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413997/differences-in-meal-patterns-and-timing-with-regard-to-central-obesity-in-the-anibes-anthropometric-data-macronutrients-and-micronutrients-intake-practice-of-physical-activity-socioeconomic-data-and-lifestyles-in-spain-study
#13
Aránzazu Aparicio, Elena E Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa Maria Ortega
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of meal patterns and timing with central obesity to identify the best dietary strategies to deal with the increasing obesity prevalence. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study performed on data from a representative sample of the Spanish population. Height and waist circumference were measured using standardized procedures and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) was calculated. The sample was divided into those without central obesity (WHtR<0·5) and those with central obesity (WHtR≥0·5)...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409091/pilot-survey-of-a-novel-incentive-to-promote-healthy-behavior-among-school-children-and-their-parents
#14
Byung-Kwang Yoo, Takuya Hasebe, Minchul Kim, Tomoko Sasaki, Dennis M Styne
Reversing the obesity epidemic has been a persistent global public health challenge, particularly among low socioeconomic status populations and racial/ethnic minorities. We developed a novel concept of community-based incentives to approach this problem in such communities. Applying this concept, we proposed a school intervention to promote obesity prevention in the U.S. We conducted a pilot survey to explore attitudes towards this future intervention. The survey was collected as a nonprobability sample (N = 137 school-aged children (5-12 years)) in northern California in July 2013...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408935/socioeconomic-and-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-cancer-mortality-incidence-and-survival-in-the-united-states-1950-2014-over-six-decades-of-changing-patterns-and-widening-inequalities
#15
Gopal K Singh, Ahmedin Jemal
We analyzed socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in US mortality, incidence, and survival rates from all-cancers combined and major cancers from 1950 to 2014. Census-based deprivation indices were linked to national mortality and cancer data for area-based socioeconomic patterns in mortality, incidence, and survival. The National Longitudinal Mortality Study was used to analyze individual-level socioeconomic and racial/ethnic patterns in mortality. Rates, risk-ratios, least squares, log-linear, and Cox regression were used to examine trends and differentials...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402829/population-health-in-an-era-of-rising-income-inequality-usa-1980-2015
#16
REVIEW
Jacob Bor, Gregory H Cohen, Sandro Galea
Income inequality in the USA has increased over the past four decades. Socioeconomic gaps in survival have also increased. Life expectancy has risen among middle-income and high-income Americans whereas it has stagnated among poor Americans and even declined in some demographic groups. Although the increase in income inequality since 1980 has been driven largely by soaring top incomes, the widening of survival inequalities has occurred lower in the distribution-ie, between the poor and upper-middle class. Growing survival gaps across income percentiles since 2001 reflect falling real incomes among poor Americans as well as an increasingly strong association between low income and poor health...
April 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396407/life-skills-wealth-health-and-wellbeing-in-later-life
#17
Andrew Steptoe, Jane Wardle
Life skills play a key role in promoting educational and occupational success in early life, but their relevance at older ages is uncertain. Here we measured five life skills-conscientiousness, emotional stability, determination, control, and optimism-in 8,119 men and women aged 52 and older (mean 66.7 y). We show that the number of skills is associated with wealth, income, subjective wellbeing, less depression, low social isolation and loneliness, more close relationships, better self-rated health, fewer chronic diseases and impaired activities of daily living, faster walking speed, and favorable objective biomarkers (concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, vitamin D and C-reactive protein, and less central obesity)...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395273/obesity-and-its-socioeconomic-determinants-in-iran
#18
Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Mansooreh Fateh, Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Ali Alami, Akbar Fotouhi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the socioeconomic inequality of obesity and its determinants in Iran. METHODS: Data was from Iran's surveillance system for risk factors of non-communicable diseases which was conducted on 89,400 individuals aged 15-64 years in 2005. Principal component analysis was used to create a new variable for defining socioeconomic status of participants. We assessed inequality by calculating a slop index of inequality and concentration index for obesity...
March 31, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390661/ambient-air-pollution-and-low-birth-weight-are-some-women-more-vulnerable-than-others
#19
Nadja Westergaard, Ulrike Gehring, Rémy Slama, Marie Pedersen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ambient air pollution is controllable, and it is one of the greatest environmental threats to human health. Studies conducted worldwide have provided evidence that maternal exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy enhances the risk of low birth weight at term (TLBW, <2500g among infants born ≥37 completed weeks of gestation), a maker of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and suggest that some subgroups of pregnant women who are smoking, of low or high body-mass index (BMI), low socioeconomic status (SES) or asthma are more vulnerable towards the effect of ambient air pollution...
April 6, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389315/top-10-lessons-learned-from-project-healthy-schools
#20
REVIEW
Ryan Rogers, Rachel Krallman, Elizabeth A Jackson, Jean DuRussel-Weston, LaVaughn Palma-Davis, Rosa de Visser, Taylor Eagle, Kim A Eagle, Eva Kline-Rogers
Childhood obesity is increasing in the United States; obese children are more likely to become obese adults with obesity-associated health issues. Effective programs designed to reduce the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity are needed. We sought to review one such program, Project Healthy Schools (PHS), for key findings. PHS is a health curriculum that includes educational lessons, school environment changes, and health measurement. Data have shown improvement in numerous metrics post-program, including positive changes in physiologic measures and healthier lifestyle behaviors...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
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