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Obesity socioeconomic

Chunxiao Liao, Wenjing Gao, Weihua Cao, Jun Lv, Canqing Yu, Shengfeng Wang, Chunxiao Li, Zengchang Pang, Liming Cong, Zhong Dong, Fan Wu, Hua Wang, Xianping Wu, Guohong Jiang, Xiaojie Wang, Binyou Wang, Liming Li
The prevalence of overweight and obesity is growing rapidly in many countries. Socioeconomic inequalities might be important for this increase. The aim of this study was to determine associations of body mass index (BMI), overweight and obesity with educational level and marital status in Chinese twins. Participants were adult twins recruited through the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR), aged 18 to 79 years, and the sample comprised 10,448 same-sex twin pairs. Current height, weight, educational attainment, and marital status were self-reported...
March 21, 2018: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Fabio Cocco, Guglielmo Campus, Laura Strohmenger, Viviana Cortesi Ardizzone, Maria Grazia Cagetti
BACKGROUND: This survey aims to evaluate the prevalence and severity of tooth loss in the Italian elderly population living in nursing homes and to associate the oral data with demographic, socioeconomic factors, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scores. METHODS: A cluster sample method was performed using each nursing home as a cluster. Twenty-three nursing homes located in the five areas of the Italy (North-West, North-East, Centre, South and Islands) were selected...
March 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Arthur M Lee, Rebecca J Scharf, Mark D DeBoer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if food insecurity is an independent risk factor for obesity in U.S. children. METHODS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of children participating in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort 2011. Statistical analyses were performed to evaluate longitudinal associations between food security and body mass index (BMI) z-score. All regression models included race/ethnicity, household income, and parental education...
February 5, 2018: Nutrition
Juan Carlos Herrera, Mariana Lira, Juliana Kain
INTRODUCTION: Although obesity is related to socioeconomic level, studies are inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: To determine obesity risk according to socioeconomic vulnerability among Chilean children (1st grade) in 2009 and 2013 and assess its change during that period, by sex and geographical area. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study (N = 175,462 in 2009) and (N = 189,055 in 2013) which included: weight, height, rural / urban, gender and vulnerability obtained from JUNAEB's survey...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Eglal E Elrayah, Siham A Balla, Haidar Abu Ahmed
Anthropometric measurements are used to assess growth of children which is affected by different biological and environmental factors. The importance of the period after the first 1000 days of life has been identified in the attempt to restore normal growth and body functions. The objectives of this study are to assess the growth and nutritional status of school children in Khartoum locality, Khartoum State, Sudan and to verify socioeconomic status and sex as factors influencing growth of children. This is a cross-sectional school-based study including 390 children, males and females, of ages between 5-12 years (60-44 months) from private and public schools...
March 15, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
Amanda T Parrish, Kristen Hammerback, Peggy A Hannon, Caitlin Mason, Michelle N Wilkie, Jeffrey R Harris
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify alignments between wellness offerings low socioeconomic status (SES) employees need and those large companies can provide. METHODS: Focus groups (employees); telephone interviews (large companies). Employees were low-SES, insured through their employers, and employed by large Washington State companies. Focus groups covered perceived barriers to healthy behaviors at work and potential support from companies. Interviews focused on priorities for employee health and challenges reaching low-SES employees...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jenny M Cundiff, Karen A Matthews
In adults, greater social integration is associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, including hypertension. Social integration earlier in life may be similarly associated with cardiovascular risk. Using a longitudinal sample of 267 Black and White men, we examined whether greater social integration with peers during childhood and adolescence, assessed by parent report, prospectively predicts lower blood pressure and body mass index two decades later in adulthood and whether these effects differ by race, given well-documented racial disparities in hypertension...
March 1, 2018: Psychological Science
Peige Song, He Wang, Wei Xia, Xinlei Chang, Manli Wang, Lin An
Hyperuricemia, the physiological prerequisite for gout, is linked to the presence and severity of multiple comorbidities that affect longevity and well-being. By using the baseline data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, a nationally representative survey, the prevalence of hyperuricemia in general middle-aged and older Chinese was estimated. The potential effects of health behaviours and comorbidities on hyperuricemia were also explored. In 2010, the prevalence of hyperuricemia among middle-aged and older Chinese was 6...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mohammad Sahebkar, Hamid Miri Heidarian, Pardis Noormohammadpour, Rahim Akrami, Nasrin Mansournia, Bahareh Tavana, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Emmanuel Stamatakis
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and correlates of low physical activity among Iranian population aged 15-64 years. METHODS: We used the data collected in National Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases in Iran, 2011. Physical activity was categorized in 3 levels of low, moderate, and high based on a Persian version of Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. The multistage cluster sampling design was accounted for using complex survey analysis method...
March 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Susann Weihrauch-Blüher, Matthias Richter, Martin S Staege
Obesity is a complex disease which has reached epidemic dimensions. Thus, prevention of excessive weight gain and associated metabolic and cardiovascular diseases has to start as early in life as possible. The impact of epigenetic mechanisms on the regulation of genes involved in obesity is increasingly recognized. On the other hand, it is well known that socioeconomic factors influence the risk for obesity. These factors can also have an impact on epigenetic gene regulation. There is increasing body of evidence that several factors and interventions addressing extragenetic causes of obesity may not only improve individual health, but also the health of future generations by epigenetic alterations...
March 8, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Kevin M Fitzpatrick, Xuan Shi, Don Willis, Jill Niemeier
OBJECTIVES: Extant research clearly points to a correlation between place and health, specifically as it pertains to chronic diseases like obesity. The present study examines this relationship among a diverse set of compositional place indicators and obesity rates across census tracts in the 500 largest cities in the United States. METHODS: Using data compiled from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation 500 Cities project and the Census' American Community Survey, the analyses examined aggregate relationships between sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and housing characteristics of census tracts and crude prevalence obesity rates in over 27,000 census tracts located in the 500 largest cities in the United States...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Eric Shulman, Jay J Chudow, Tina Shah, Krina Shah, Ariel Peleg, Dmitriy Nevelev, Faraj Kargoli, Lynn Zaremski, Cecilia Berardi, Andrea Natale, Jorge Romero, Luigi Di Biase, John Fisher, Andrew Krumerman, Kevin J Ferrick
No previous studies have examined the interaction between body mass index (BMI) and race/ethnicity with the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). We retrospectively followed 48,323 persons free of AF (43% Hispanic, 37% black, and 20% white; median age 60 years) for subsequent incident AF (ascertained from electrocardiograms). BMI categories included very severely underweight (BMI <15 kg/m2 ), severely underweight (BMI 15.1 to 15.9 kg/m2 ), underweight (BMI 16 to 18.4 kg/m2 ), normal (BMI 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2 ), overweight (BMI 25...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Tamasin Taylor, Yijiao Wang, William Rogerson, Lynda Bavin, Cindy Sharon, Grant Beban, Nicholas Evennett, Greg Gamble, Timothy Cundy
BACKGROUND: Factors such as ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status may play a role in both access to and attrition from bariatric programs before surgery is undertaken. New Zealand (NZ) has high rates of obesity in its Pacific population and the indigenous Māori. These groups also experience poorer health outcomes and therefore have the greatest need for surgery. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 704 people referred for and accepted onto a publicly funded bariatric surgery from 2007 to 2016...
March 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Åsa Norman, Gisela Nyberg, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Anita Berlin
BACKGROUND: A social gradient is evident in the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity, to the disadvantage of children with low socioeconomic status (SES). Parents have a substantial influence on their children's dietary behaviours and weight development through the way they interact with the children around food. This study aims to explore the variation of how parents with low SES influence their child's dietary behaviours. METHODS: A phenomenographic design and analysis was used on 29 sessions of motivational interviewing with mothers and fathers participating in the Healthy School Start intervention study in 2012...
March 7, 2018: Appetite
Alan Leviton, Stephen R Hooper, Scott J Hunter, Megan N Scott, Elizabeth N Allred, Robert M Joseph, T Michael O'Shea, Karl Kuban
BACKGROUND: The incidence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is higher among children born very preterm than among children who are mature at birth. METHODS: We studied 583 ten-year-old children who were born before 28 weeks of gestation whose IQ was above 84 and had a parent-completed Child Symptom Inventory-4, which allowed classification of the child as having or not having symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. For 422 children, we also had a teacher report, and for 583 children, we also had a parent report of whether or not a physician made an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder diagnosis...
December 21, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
Silvia Bel-Serrat, Mirjam M Heinen, John Mehegan, Sarah O'Brien, Nazih Eldin, Celine M Murrin, Cecily C Kelleher
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence on the role of sociodemographic variables as risk factors for overweight and obesity in school-aged children is inconsistent. Furthermore, findings seem to be influenced by the obesity definition applied. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate if school sociodemographic indicators were associated with weight status in Irish primary schoolchildren and whether this association was sensitive to different obesity classification systems. METHODS: A nationally representative cross-sectional sample of 7542 Irish children (53...
March 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
Awfa Y Alazzeh, Eyad M AlShammari, Majdi M Smadi, Firas S Azzeh, Bandar T AlShammari, Suneetha Epuru, Shahidah Banu, Rafia Bano, Shadi Sulaiman, Jerold C Alcantara, Syed A Ashraf, Samir Qiblawi
A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the effect of some socioeconomic factors and lifestyle habits on the prevalence of obesity among adolescent male students in the Hail region, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was filled by 1495 male adolescents distributed among 12 schools in the Hail region. Body weight and height were taken, and the Z -score of students was measured using Anthroplus software with a cutoff 1-2 and +2 standard deviations to determine overweight and obesity, respectively. The study revealed that 21...
March 9, 2018: Children
C R Bates, J Buscemi, L M Nicholson, M Cory, A Jagpal, A M Bohnert
Due to increasingly high rates of child overweight and obesity, it is important to identify risk and protective factors that may inform more effective prevention and intervention. The degree of organization in the family home environment is a studied, but not well-specified, factor that may impact child weight. Prior research on household organization has examined an array of constructs, including family routines, limit setting, household chaos, crowding and the broad home environment. This study systematically reviews literature on organization within the family home environment and weight among children ages 2-12...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Lauren P Grant, Chris Gennings, Edmond P Wickham, Derek Chapman, Shumei Sun, David C Wheeler
In public health research, it has been well established that geographic location plays an important role in influencing health outcomes. In recent years, there has been an increased emphasis on the impact of neighborhood or contextual factors as potential risk factors for childhood obesity. Some neighborhood factors relevant to childhood obesity include access to food sources, access to recreational facilities, neighborhood safety, and socioeconomic status (SES) variables. It is common for neighborhood or area-level variables to be available at multiple spatial scales (SS) or geographic units, such as the census block group and census tract, and selection of the spatial scale for area-level variables can be considered as a model selection problem...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ashraf Z Al-Hamdan, Pooja P Preetha, Mohammad Z Al-Hamdan, William L Crosson, Reem N Albashaireh
This ecological study aimed to assess the association between long-term exposures to outdoor environmental factors and mortality rate from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a diverse and spatially distributed population from 3,094 counties within the U.S. (n > 3,780,000 CVD deaths) using satellite-derived data of PM2.5 concentrations, sunlight, and maximum heat index. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether PM2.5 , sunlight and maximum heat index were related to the odds of the total CVD death rate based on gender, race, and age taking into consideration the confounding risk factors of diabetes, obesity, leisure- time physical inactivity, smoking and socioeconomic status...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
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