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JNK AND Supplement

Shaoqian Zhao, Wen Liu, Jiqiu Wang, Juan Shi, Yingkai Sun, Weiqing Wang, Guang Ning, Rui-Xin Liu, Jie Hong
Abnormal shifts in the composition of gut microbiota contribute to the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases, including obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The crosstalk between gut microbes and the host affects the inflammatory status and glucose tolerance of individuals, but the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated completely. In this study, we treated the lean chow diet-fed mice with Akkermansia muciniphila, which is thought to be inversely correlated with inflammation status and body weight in rodents and humans, and we found that A...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
Caixia Guo, Man Yang, Li Jing, Ji Wang, Yang Yu, Yang Li, Junchao Duan, Xianqing Zhou, Yanbo Li, Zhiwei Sun
Environmental exposure to silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) is inevitable due to their widespread application in industrial, commercial, and biomedical fields. In recent years, most investigators focus on the evaluation of cardiovascular effects of SiNPs in vivo and in vitro. Endothelial injury and dysfunction is now hypothesized to be a dominant mechanism in the development of cardiovascular diseases. This study aimed to explore interaction of SiNPs with endothelial cells, and extensively investigate the exact effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the signaling molecules and cytotoxicity involved in SiNPs-induced endothelial injury...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Limin Shi, Qinlu Lin, Tao Yang, Ying Nie, Xinhua Li, Bo Liu, Junjun Shen, Ying Liang, Yiping Tang, Feijun Luo
To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of β-glucans from Lentinus edodes, and its molecular mechanism, the dextran sulfate sodium salt (DSS) induced colitis model of mice and the LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cell inflammation model were used in this study. 40 ICR male mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: Control, DSS (DSS treated only), DSS + low-βGs (500 mg kg(-1) d(-1)) and DSS + high-βGs (1000 mg kg(-1) d(-1)). The body weight of the mice with Lentinus edodes β-glucan supplementation increased significantly compared to the DSS group and the disease activity index (DAI) was improved in both βG-treated groups...
October 17, 2016: Food & Function
Youngshim Choi, Mohamed A Abdelmegeed, Byoung-Joon Song
We hypothesized that dietary walnut would prevent high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced hepatic apoptosis based on its antioxidant properties. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a rodent chow or HFD (45% energy-derived)±walnuts (21.5% energy-derived) for 6 weeks. Liver histological and biochemical analyses revealed significantly elevated fat accumulation in mice fed HFD compared to mice fed the chow or HFD±walnuts. Walnut supplementation prevented HFD-mediated alteration of the levels of key proteins in lipid homeostasis such as Sirt1, AMPK and FAS, leading to decreased fat accumulation...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Chun-Yan Shen, Tian-Tian Zhang, Wen-Li Zhang, Jian-Guo Jiang
Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn., belonging to the family of Malvaceae, is considered to be a plant with health care applications in China. The main purpose of this study was to analyze the composition of its essential oil and assess its potential therapeutic effect on anti-inflammatory activity. A water steam distillation method was used to extract the essential oil from H. Sabdariffa. The essential oil components were determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis and a total of 18 volatile constituents were identified, the majority of which were fatty acids and ester compounds...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Shobha Bhaskar, A Helen
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors that have a unique and essential function in innate immunity. The effect of quercetin on TLR-mediated downstream signaling mechanism and its effect on TLR-mediated MAP kinase and Akt pathways were studied in oxLDL-stimulated hPBMCs using specific inhibitors. The pretreatment of hPBMCs with specific TLR inhibitor, CLI-095, decreased the NF-κB nuclear translocation and TNF-α release by oxLDL. When the cells treated with inhibitor and quercetin together, the inhibition was more effective...
September 24, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Paula Pierozan, Helena Biasibetti, Felipe Schmitz, Helena Ávila, Carolina Gonçalves Fernandes, Regina Pessoa-Pureur, Angela T S Wyse
In the present work, we focused on mechanisms of methylmercury (MeHg) toxicity in primary astrocytes and neurons of rats. Cortical astrocytes and neurons exposed to 0.5-5 μM MeHg present a link among morphological alterations, glutathione (GSH) depletion, glutamate dyshomeostasis, and cell death. Disrupted neuronal cytoskeleton was assessed by decreased neurite length and neurite/neuron ratio. Astrocytes presented reorganization of actin and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) networks and reduced cytoplasmic area...
September 22, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Pavel Tomšík, Stanislav Mičuda, Darina Muthná, Eva Čermáková, Radim Havelek, Emil Rudolf, Miloš Hroch, Zuzana Kadová, Martina Řezáčová, Jana Ćmielová, Pavel Živný
Boldine is an aporphine alkaloid widely consumed in the folk medicine of some regions. Its anticancer potential has been shown but not yet elucidated. We compared the antitumor effect of orally and parenterally applied boldine in mice bearing solid Ehrlich tumor. We also explored the effects of boldine on breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells in vitro. Repeated i. p. injections of 30, 60, or 90 mg boldine/kg, either alone or combined with doxorubicin, slowed tumor growth in vivo. The latter two doses also prolonged the post-therapeutic survival of the mice...
September 9, 2016: Planta Medica
Jetsada Ruangsuriya, Piyaporn Budprom, Nawarat Viriyakhasem, Patiwat Kongdang, Chatchadawalai Chokchaitaweesuk, Nutnicha Sirikaew, Siriwadee Chomdej, Korakot Nganvongpanit, Siriwan Ongchai
Zingerone, an active compound that is present in cooked ginger, has been claimed to be a bioactive ingredient that holds the potential of preventing and/or treating diseases involving inflammation. In this study, zingerone was used to discover its properties against joint inflammation using interleukin-1β-induced osteoarthritis in cartilage explant and cell culture models. Zingerone was supplemented into the cartilage explant and cell culture media at different concentrations along with the presence of interleukin-1β, an inducer of osteoarthritis...
August 30, 2016: Planta Medica
Yuan Chi, Xiling Zhang, Zhen Zhang, Takahiko Mitsui, Manabu Kamiyama, Masayuki Takeda, Jian Yao
Connexin (Cx) hemichannels regulate many cellular processes with little information available regarding their mechanisms. Given that many pathological factors that activate hemichannels also disrupts the integrity of cellular junctions, we speculated a potential participation of hemichannels in the regulation of cell junctions. Here we tested this hypothesis. Exposure of renal tubular epithelial cells to Ca(2+)-free medium led to disassembly of tight and adherens junctions, as indicated by the reduced level of ZO-1 and cadherin, disorganization of F-actin, and severe drop in transepithelial electric resistance...
August 21, 2016: Redox Biology
Mallappa Anitha, François Reichardt, Sahar Tabatabavakili, Behtash Ghazi Nezami, Benoit Chassaing, Simon Mwangi, Matam Vijay-Kumar, Andrew Gewirtz, Shanthi Srinivasan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: High-fat diet (HFD) feeding is associated with gastrointestinal motility disorders. We recently reported delayed colonic motility in mice fed a HFD mice for 11 weeks. In this study, we investigated the contributing role of gut microbiota in HFD-induced gut dysmotility. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were fed a HFD (60% kcal fat) or a regular/control diet (RD) (18% kcal fat) for 13 weeks. Serum and fecal endotoxin levels were measured, and relative amounts of specific gut bacteria in the feces assessed by real time PCR...
May 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Arzu Zeynep Karabay, Asli Koc, Tulin Ozkan, Yalda Hekmatshoar, Asuman Sunguroglu, Fugen Aktan, Zeliha Buyukbingol
Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is an organic sulfur-containing compound which has been used as a dietary supplement for osteoarthritis. MSM has been shown to reduce oxidative stress and inflammation, as well as exhibit apoptotic or anti-apoptotic effects depending on the cell type or activating stimuli. However, there are still a lot of unknowns about the mechanisms of actions of MSM. In this study, MSM was tested on colon cancer cells. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and flow cytometric analysis revealed that MSM inhibited cell viability and increased apoptotic markers in both HCT-116 p53 +/+ and HCT-116 p53 -/- colon cancer cells...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
María Teresa Luján Pino, Clarisa Marotte, Sandra Viviana Verstraeten
We have reported recently that the proliferation of PC12 cells exposed to micromolar concentrations of Tl(I) or Tl(III) has different outcomes, depending on the absence (EGF(-) cells) or the presence (EGF(+) cells) of epidermal growth factor (EGF) added to the media. In the current work, we investigated whether EGF supplementation could also modulate the extent of Tl(I)- or Tl(III)-induced cell apoptosis. Tl(I) and Tl(III) (25-100 μM) decreased cell viability in EGF(-) but not in EGF(+) cells. In EGF(-) cells, Tl(I) decreased mitochondrial potential, enhanced H2O2 generation, and activated mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis...
July 13, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
A Garufi, D Trisciuoglio, M Cirone, G D'Orazi
Hyperglycemia, the condition of high blood glucose, is typical of diabetes and obesity and represents a significant clinical problem. The relationship between hyperglycemia and cancer risk has been established by several studies. Moreover, hyperglycemia has been shown to reduce cancer cell response to therapies, conferring resistance to drug-induced cell death. Therefore, counteracting the negative effects of hyperglycemia may positively improve the cancer cell death induced by chemotherapies. Recent studies showed that zinc supplementation may have beneficial effects on glycemic control...
June 30, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
Kanakaraju Medicherla, Avanee Ketkar, Bidya Dhar Sahu, Godi Sudhakar, Ramakrishna Sistla
We investigated the anti-inflammatory and anti-colitis effects of Rosmarinus officinalis L. extract (RE) by using both in vitro LPS-activated mouse RAW 264.7 macrophages and in vivo dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental murine colitis and suggested the underlying possible mechanisms. Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis was performed to identify the major components present in the RE. The clinical signs, biochemistry, immunoblot, ELISA and histology in colon tissues were assessed in order to elucidate the beneficial effect of RE...
July 13, 2016: Food & Function
Qinghua Wu, Lian Liu, Anca Miron, Blanka Klímová, Dan Wan, Kamil Kuča
Spirulina is a species of filamentous cyanobacteria that has long been used as a food supplement. In particular, Spirulina platensis and Spirulina maxima are the most important. Thanks to a high protein and vitamin content, Spirulina is used as a nutraceutical food supplement, although its other potential health benefits have attracted much attention. Oxidative stress and dysfunctional immunity cause many diseases in humans, including atherosclerosis, cardiac hypertrophy, heart failure, and hypertension. Thus, the antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and anti-inflammatory activities of these microalgae may play an important role in human health...
August 2016: Archives of Toxicology
Marlon R Leite, José L Cechella, Simone Pinton, Cristina W Nogueira, Gilson Zeni
Aging is a process characterized by deterioration of the homeostasis of various physiological systems; although being a process under influence of multiple factors, the mechanisms involved in aging are not well understood. Here we investigated the effect of a (PhSe)2-supplemented diet (1ppm, 4weeks) and swimming exercise (1% of body weight, 20min per day, 4weeks) on proteins related to glial cells activation, apoptosis and neuroprotection in the hypothalamus of old male Wistar rats (27month-old). Old rats had activation of astrocytes and microglia which was demonstrated by the increase in the levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1 (Iba-1) in hypothalamus...
September 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Ling Ning, Hui Ma, Zhuyun Jiang, Lu Chen, Li Li, Qianfeng Chen, Hongyi Qi
Curcumolhas been reported to possess antitumor activity. However, its effect and mechanisms against tumor metastasis are still unclear. This study is to investigate the inhibitory effect of curcumol on breast cancer cell metastasis and elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Our results showed that noncytotoxicity was caused by curcumol within 10 to 40 µg/mL in MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 cells for 24 hours, whereas sustained treatment with curcumol for 14 days significantly suppressed the clonogenic activity of cells...
June 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Chong-Liang Bi, Heng Wang, Yin-Jie Wang, Jun Sun, Jun-Sheng Dong, Xia Meng, Jian-Ji Li
Inflammation is the hallmark of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus)-induced mastitis. Given the interesting relationship between selenium levels and inflammation, this study aimed to demonstrate that selenium modulated the inflammation reaction by suppressing the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathways. RAW264.7 macrophages were treated with three different concentrations (1μmol/l, 1.5μmol/l, and 2μmol/l) of Na2SeO3 for 12h before infection with S. aureus for 6h, 8h, and 10h...
June 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Matthew Girven, Hannah F Dugdale, Daniel J Owens, David C Hughes, Claire E Stewart, Adam P Sharples
Tumour Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNF-α) is chronically elevated in conditions where skeletal muscle loss occurs. As l-glutamine can dampen the effects of inflamed environments, we investigated the role of l-glutamine in both differentiating C2C12 myoblasts and existing myotubes in the absence/presence of TNF-α (20 ng · ml(-1) ) ± l-glutamine (20 mM). TNF-α reduced the proportion of cells in G1 phase, as well as biochemical (CK activity) and morphological differentiation (myotube number), with corresponding reductions in transcript expression of: Myogenin, Igf-I, and Igfbp5...
December 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
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