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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717774/physcion-8%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-glucopyranoside-extracted-from-polygonum-cuspidatum-exhibits-anti%C3%A2-proliferative-and-anti%C3%A2-inflammatory-effects-on-mh7a-rheumatoid-arthritis%C3%A2-derived-fibroblast%C3%A2-like-synoviocytes-through-the-tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-mapk-pathway
#1
Qin Geng, Qiaofeng Wei, Shujun Wang, Huili Qi, Qin Zhu, Xia Liu, Xiaojun Shi, Shuyun Wen
The present study aimed to investigate the anti‑arthritic effect of physcion 8‑O‑β‑glucopyranoside (POGD) and its possible mechanisms. The anti‑proliferative effects of POGD on MH7A cells were detected using a CCK‑8 assay, and the release of pro‑inflammatory cytokines, interleukin (IL)‑1β, IL‑6, IL‑8, IL‑12 and IL‑17A, were determined by ELISA. A type II collagen‑induced arthritis (CIA) rat model was established to evaluate the anti‑arthritic effect of POGD in vivo. The paw volumes, arthritis indices and serum levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α, IL‑1β, IL‑6, IL‑8, IL‑17A were determined by ELISA...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667914/inactivation-of-map3k7-in-foxd1-expressing-cells-results-in-loss-of-mesangial-pdgfr%C3%AE-and-juvenile-kidney-scarring
#2
Michele J Karolak, Justin A Guay, Leif Oxburgh
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) plays a central role in renal scarring, controlling extracellular matrix deposition by interstitial cells and mesangial cells. TGFβ signals through Smad and mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways. To understand the role of MAPK in interstitial and mesangial cells, we genetically inactivated TGFβ-activated kinase 1 (Map3k7) using Foxd1+/cre. Embryonic kidney development was unperturbed in mutants, but spontaneous scarring of the kidney ensued during the first postnatal week, with retention of embryonic nephrogenic rests and accumulation of collagen IV in the mesangium...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577978/thrombin-promotes-pai-1-expression-and-migration-in-keratinocytes-via-erk-dependent-smad-linker-region-phosphorylation
#3
Nirali Talati, Danielle Kamato, Terrence J Piva, Peter Little, Narin Osman
Keratinocyte proliferation and migration is essential during re-epithelialisation for the restoration of the epithelial barrier during skin wound healing. Numerous growth factors are involved in the stimulation of keratinocyte proliferation and migration. The signalling pathways that drive these processes during wound healing are not well defined. This study investigated thrombin-mediated signalling in keratinocytes. The thrombin receptor, protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1) is a seven transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor that is known to transactivate the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)...
March 22, 2018: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577454/traf6-mediated-the-promotion-of-salivary-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-progression-through-smad-p38-jnk-signaling-pathway-induced-by-tgf-%C3%AE
#4
Yancan Liang, Jiuyang Jiao, Lizhong Liang, Jin Zhang, Yingjuan Lu, Hongliang Xie, Qixiang Liang, Di Wan, Liming Duan, You Wu, Bin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) has been proved to play an important role in tumorigenesis, invasion and metastasis. However, its precise role salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) has not been determined. The aim of this study is to explore the role of TRAF6 in SACC including invasion and metastasis of SACC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time PCR were performed in SACC tissues paired with their adjacent normal tissues to analyze the expression of TRAF6...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552126/mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-inhibitors-reduce-the-nuclear-accumulation-of-phosphorylated-smads-by-inhibiting-imp-7-or-imp-8-in-hepg2-cells
#5
Xiangpeng Hu, Hongwei Kan, Alex Boye, Yufeng Jiang, Chao Wu, Yan Yang
The transforming growth factor (TGF)-β/Smad signaling pathway is involved in hepatocellular carcinoma development. Smad2 and Smad3 are phosphorylated following TGF-β1 stimulation and subsequently oligomerize with Smad4 to form the Smad2/3/4 complex, which translocates into the nucleus and regulates target genes, including plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI1). Importin (Imp)7 and Imp8 are responsible for transporting phosphorylated (p)Smad2/3 and Smad4 into the nucleus. In our previous study, it was demonstrated that mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors, including inhibitors of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 could inhibit the transcription of PAI1, but ERK inhibitor had no significant effect on the phosphorylation of Smad2/3, and the formation of Smad2/3/4 complexes, which was different from the effect of JNK or p38 inhibitor...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550577/smurf1-regulates-macrophage-proliferation-apoptosis-and-migration-via-jnk-and-p38-mapk-signaling-pathways
#6
Jing Guo, Xiao Qiu, Luo Zhang, Rongfei Wei
Smad ubiquitylation regulatory factor 1 (Smurf1) has been identified to play a critical role in bone homeostasis, development, cell cycle regulation and tumorigenesis. However, the role of Smurf1 in macrophage proliferation, apoptosis and migration is still unclear. Here, we show that Smurf1 expression was elevated in LPS-induced RAW264.7 macrophage and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). And we found that knockdown of Smurf1 suppresses macrophage proliferation but promotes apoptosis and migration. Furthermore, JNK and p38 MAPK signaling were upregulated in Smurf1-depleted cells...
May 2018: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537103/stemness-and-chemoresistance-are-imparted-to-the-oc-cells-through-tgf%C3%AE-1-driven-emt
#7
Tulika Mitra, Parash Prasad, Pritha Mukherjee, Susri Ray Chaudhuri, Urmi Chatterji, Sib S Roy
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the fourth most common gynecological malignancy due to its highly aggressive, recurrent, and drug-resistant nature. The last two features are rendered by the presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Factors like TGFβ1 and their downstream signaling pathways are upregulated in most cancers and are known to induce EMT and stemness, but the exact mechanisms underlying the process remain unelucidated. In our study, TGFβ1 induced enhanced stem-like properties like high expression of the pluripotent markers SOX2, OCT4a, and NANOG, along with CD44, and CD117 in the OC cells...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498687/wedelolactone-enhances-osteoblastogenesis-through-erk-and-jnk-mediated-bmp2-expression-and-smad-1-5-8-phosphorylation
#8
Di Zhu, Xue Deng, Xiao-Fei Han, Xiao-Xin Sun, Tao-Wen Pan, Lu-Ping Zheng, Yan-Qiu Liu
Our previous study showed that wedelolactone, a compound isolated from Ecliptae herba , has the potential to enhance osteoblastogenesis. However, the molecular mechanisms by which wedelolactone promoted osteoblastogenesis from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) remain largely unknown. In this study, treatment with wedelolactone (2 μg/mL) for 3, 6, and 9 days resulted in an increase in phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), c-Jun N -terminal protein kinase (JNK), and p38. Phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), ERK and JNK started to increase on day 3 of treatment, and p38 phosphorylation was increased by day 6 of treatment...
March 2, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470423/3-5-6-7-8-3-4-heptamethoxyflavone-a-citrus-flavonoid-inhibits-collagenase-activity-and-induces-type-i-procollagen-synthesis-in-hdfn-cells
#9
Hong-Il Kim, Yong-Un Jeong, Jong-Hyeon Kim, Young-Jin Park
Citrus fruits contain various types of flavonoids with powerful anti-aging and photoprotective effects on the skin, and have thus been attracting attention as potential, efficacious skincare agents. Here, we aimed to investigate the chemical composition of Citrus unshiu and its protective effects on photoaging. We isolated and identified a bioactive compound, 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptamethoxyflavone (HMF), from C. unshiu peels using ethanol extraction and hexane fractionation. HMF inhibited collagenase activity and increased type I procollagen content in UV-induced human dermal fibroblast neonatal (HDFn) cells...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415997/downregulation-of-%C3%AE-1-4-galactosyltransferase-5-improves-insulin-resistance-by-promoting-adipocyte-commitment-and-reducing-inflammation
#10
Shu-Fen Li, Cui-Song Zhu, Yu-Meng Wang, Xin-Xin Xie, Liu-Ling Xiao, Zhi-Chun Zhang, Qi-Qun Tang, Xi Li
Protein glycosylation is an important post-translational modification. Aberrant glycosylation has been implicated in many diseases because of associated changes in protein distribution and biological function. We showed that the expression of β1, 4-galactosyltransferase 5 (B4GalT5) was positively correlated with diabetes and obesity. In vivo, B4GalT5 knockdown in subcutaneous adipose tissue alleviated insulin resistance and adipose tissue inflammation, and increased adipogenesis in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice and ob/ob mice...
February 7, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408431/involvement-of-bone-morphogenetic-protein-related-pathways-in-the-effect-of-aucubin-on-the-promotion-of-osteoblast-differentiation-in-mg63-cells
#11
Yutong Li, Wenji Hu, Guanghong Han, Wenqian Lu, Dongxu Jia, Min Hu, Di Wang
Aucubin, an iridoid glycoside found in several plants, such as Eucommia ulmoide and Rehmannia, has various pharmacological effects. Bone formation is a complex process in which osteoblast differentiation plays an important role. This study aimed to investigate the promotion effects of aucubin on osteoblast differentiation in MG63 cells, a human osteoblast-like cell line. Aucubin not only improved osteoblast differentiation, as shown by enhanced ALP (alkaline phosphatase) concentration and mineralization in cells, but increased the expression of various cytokines, including collagen I, osteocalcin, osteopontin, integrin β1, and Osterix...
March 1, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378470/prunella-vulgaris-l-exerts-a-protective-effect-against-extrinsic-aging-through-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mapks-ap-1-and-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-signaling-pathways-in-uvb-aged-normal-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#12
Mengyang Zhang, Eunson Hwang, Pei Lin, Wei Gao, Hien T T Ngo, Tae-Hoo Yi
Prunella vulgaris L., a well-known traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. In the present study, the underlying molecular mechanisms of the protective effect of P. vulgaris extract (PVE) were investigated in UVB-irradiated normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs). The mRNA expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), procollagen type I, and cytokines, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
March 12, 2018: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116196/thalidomide-inhibits-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-alveolar-epithelial-cells-via-smad-dependent-and-smad-independent-signaling-pathways
#13
Xian-Long Zhou, Peng Xu, Hai-Hua Chen, Yan Zhao, Jun Shen, Cheng Jiang, Shan Jiang, Shao-Zhou Ni, Bing Xu, Lei Li
Recent evidence indicates that the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in primary alveolar cells (AECs) plays an important role in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). In vivo models have suggested that thalidomide (THL) has anti-fibrotic effects against pulmonary fibrosis, but the underlying mechanism of this effect is not clear. This study investigated whether THL regulates alveolar EMT and the possible mechanisms underlying this process. CCL-149 cells were treated with TGF-β1 in the presence of THL at the indicated concentrations...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114233/the-jnk-signaling-pathway-in-renal-fibrosis
#14
REVIEW
Keren Grynberg, Frank Y Ma, David J Nikolic-Paterson
Fibrosis of the glomerular and tubulointerstitial compartments is a common feature of chronic kidney disease leading to end-stage renal failure. This fibrotic process involves a number of pathologic mechanisms, including cell death and inflammation. This review focuses on the role of the c-Jun amino terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway in the development of renal fibrosis. The JNK pathway is activated in response to various cellular stresses and plays an important role in cell death and inflammation. Activation of JNK signaling is a common feature in most forms of human kidney injury, evident in both intrinsic glomerular and tubular cells as well as in infiltrating leukocytes...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950255/microrna-196b-inhibits-cell-growth-and-metastasis-of-lung-cancer-cells-by-targeting-runx2
#15
Xiaoxue Bai, Lin Meng, Huijie Sun, Zhuo Li, Xiufang Zhang, Shucheng Hua
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Lung cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer related deaths worldwide. The role of several microRNAs (miRNAs) including miR-196b in different cancers has already been established. The study was aimed to explore the role of miR-196b in lung cancer and its possible underlying mechanism. METHODS: Human lung cancer cell line A549 was transfected with miR-196b mimic, miR-196b inhibitor and corresponding controls. Then cell viability, migration, invasion, and apoptosis of A549 lung cancer cells either with overexpression or with suppression of miR-196b were estimated sequentially...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947537/nuclear-movement-regulated-by-non-smad-nodal-signaling-via-jnk-is-associated-with-smad-signaling-during-zebrafish-endoderm-specification
#16
Shunya Hozumi, Shun Aoki, Yutaka Kikuchi
Asymmetric nuclear positioning is observed during animal development, but its regulation and significance in cell differentiation remain poorly understood. Using zebrafish blastulae, we provide evidence that nuclear movement towards the yolk syncytial layer, which comprises extraembryonic tissue, occurs in the first cells fated to differentiate into the endoderm. Nodal signaling is essential for nuclear movement, whereas nuclear envelope proteins are involved in movement through microtubule formation. Positioning of the microtubule-organizing center, which is proposed to be crucial for nuclear movement, is regulated by Nodal signaling and nuclear envelope proteins...
November 1, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919027/macrolactin-f-inhibits-rankl-mediated-osteoclastogenesis-by-suppressing-akt-mapk-and-nfatc1-pathways-and-promotes-osteoblastogenesis-through-a-bmp-2-smad-akt-runx2-signaling-pathway
#17
Liang Li, Mahesh Sapkota, Ming Gao, Hyukjae Choi, Yunjo Soh
The balance between bone formation and bone resorption is maintained by osteoblasts and osteoclasts. In the current study, macrolactin F (MF) was investigated for novel biological activity on the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis in primary bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs). We found that RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and differentiation from BMMs was significantly inhibited by MF in a dose-dependent manner without cytotoxicity. RANKL-induced F-actin ring formation and bone resorption activity in BMMs which was attenuated by MF...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874783/hyperactive-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-in-smooth-muscle-cells-exposed-to-hiv-protein-s-and-cocaine-role-in-pulmonary-vasculopathy
#18
Pranjali Dalvi, Himanshu Sharma, Tomara Konstantinova, Miles Sanderson, Amy O' Brien-Ladner, Navneet K Dhillon
We earlier demonstrated synergistic increase in the proliferation of pulmonary smooth muscle cells on exposure to HIV-proteins and/or cocaine due to severe down-modulation of bone morphogenetic protein receptor (BMPR) axis: the anti-proliferative arm of TGF-β super family of receptors. Here, now we demonstrate the effect of HIV-Tat and cocaine on the proliferative TGF-β signaling cascade. We observed a significant increase in the secretion of TGF-β1 ligand along with enhanced protein expression of TGFβ Receptor (TGFβR)-1, TGFβR-2 and phosphorylated SMAD2/3 in human pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells on treatment with cocaine and Tat...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873461/interleukin-17-induces-human-alveolar-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-cell-transition-via-the-tgf-%C3%AE-1-mediated-smad2-3-and-erk1-2-activation
#19
Ting Wang, Yuan Liu, Jing-Feng Zou, Zhen-Shun Cheng
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and usually progressive lung disease and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) may play an important role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. IL-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine which promotes EMT profiles in lung inflammatory diseases. In this study, we investigated the effect of IL-17 on EMT in alveolar epithelial cell line A549 and the role of TGFβ1-Smad and ERK signaling pathways in the process. Morphological observation on the cells was performed under inverted microscope...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858391/pterocarpus-santalinus-l-regulated-ultraviolet-b-irradiation-induced-procollagen-reduction-and-matrix-metalloproteinases-expression-through-activation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-and-inhibition-of-the-mapk-ap-1-pathway-in-normal-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#20
Wei Gao, Pei Lin, Eunson Hwang, Yushuai Wang, Zhengfei Yan, Hien T T Ngo, Tae-Hoo Yi
Ultraviolet light-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) damage human skin and prematurely cause aging. A growing body of research is focusing on considering plants and plant-derived compounds as antiphotoaging therapeutic material. Pterocarpus santalinus L., as an Indian traditional medicine, possesses antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects. Here, we studied the antiphotoaging effects of ethanolic extract of P. santalinus L. heartwood (EPS) on ultraviolet radiation B (UVB)-irradiated normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs)...
August 31, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
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