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JNK pathway

Yunwu Wang, Yu Xu, Wei Yan, Ping Han, Jingmei Liu, Jin Gong, Dongxiao Li, Xiangming Ding, Han Wang, Zhuoying Lin, Dean Tian, Jiazhi Liao
Alternative polyadenylation (APA), a post-transcriptional modification, has been implicated in many diseases, but especially in tumor proliferation. CFIm25, the 25 kDa subunit of human cleavage factor Im (CFIm), is a key factor in APA. We show that CFIm25 expression is reduced in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and its expression correlates with metastasis. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that CFIm25 is related to overall survival in HCC. Moreover, CFIm25 expression is negatively related to the metastatic potential of HCC cell lines...
February 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Berkeley K Fahrenthold, Kimberly A Fernandes, Richard T Libby
Excitotoxicity leads to the activation of a cytotoxic cascade that causes neuronal death. In the retina, retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) die after an excitotoxic insult. Multiple pathways have been proposed to contribute to RGC death after an excitotoxic insult, including TNF signaling, JNK activation, and ER stress. To test the importance of these pathways in RGC death after excitotoxic injury, the excitotoxin N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) was intravitreally injected into mice deficient in components of these pathways...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Swati Jaiswal, Kishore K Srivastava
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is a successful pathogen which increases persistence inside the host macrophage by subverting its defence mechanism. Mycobacteria regulate the pathogenesis and intracellular survival by controlling its interaction with host protein(s). Galectin 3 is a member of the β-galactoside binding gene family which is involved in several biological functions. In the present study we have expressed the mycobacterial protein tyrosine kinase (PtkA) in the cytosol of host macrophages through a eukaryotic promoter vector and found that it down-regulates Galectin 3...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jinfeng Cui, Juan Wang, Shujuan Huang, Xiujuan Jiang, Yuehong Li, Wenxin Wu, Xianghong Zhang
Sterigmatocystin (ST), being a precursor of aflatoxin, is categorized as Group 2B carcinogen. Our previous studies found that both mismatch repair (MMR) pathways and p53 signaling pathway were involved in ST-induced G2 cell cycle arrest in human esophageal squamous epithelial cell line, HET-1A, in vitro. Studies showed that ERK, JNK and p38 signaling pathways played important roles in cell cycle arrest induced by several other carcinogens. However, the role of MAPK pathway and the links between the MMR and p53 signaling pathways in ST induced G2 phase arrest is still not clarified...
March 12, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Md Mahbubur Rahman, Hyun-Kyu Kim, Seong-Eun Kim, Myung-Jin Kim, Do-Hyung Kim, Hak Sung Lee
The aim of this study was to investigate the chondroprotective effect of a standardized extract (KBH-JP-040) of the Korean traditional herbs Kalopanax pictus Castor-Aralia, Hericium erinaceus (Bull.) Persoon, and Astragalus membranaceus Schischkin on in vivo and in vitro osteoarthritis (OA) models. Cultured rat chondrocytes were pre-treated with KBH-JP-040 (50, 100 and 200 μg/mL) for 1 h, then recombinant human IL-1α (rhIL-1α) for 24 h. For the in vivo model, rabbits ( n = 60) were equally divided into experimental groups: normal control (NC), a collagenase-induced OA group, and OA groups treated with KBH-JP-040 (75, 100, and 150 mg/kg body weight) and celecoxib (Cx, 100 mg/kg) orally for 28 days...
March 15, 2018: Nutrients
Xuejiao Song, Tiantao Gao, Qian Lei, Lidan Zhang, Yuqin Yao, Jingyuan Xiong
Malignant melanoma is a devastating skin cancer due to its severe drug resistance and prompt metastasis. Piperlongumine is an anti-inflammation and tumor-suppressing natural product with defined structure. While numerous studies revealed exceptional inhibitory effects of piperlongumine on several carcinomas, few investigations were performed on melanoma. Therefore, the present study investigated the anti-tumor effects of piperlongumine on human melanoma cells in vitro, and explored the mechanisms of action...
March 15, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
Yawen Li, Fangming Xiu, Zezhong Mou, Zhiwei Xue, Huanhui Du, Chunxue Zhou, Yan Li, Yongyu Shi, Shenyi He, Huaiyu Zhou
AIM: Exosomes are nanoscale membranous vesicles secreted by most cell types able to transfer bioactive molecules among cells, which play crucial roles in intercellular communication. We characterized the exosomes derived from Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) and detected the immune response in macrophages. METHODS: We used transmission electron microscopy, nanotracking analysis and western blotting to identify T. gondii exosomes. Functional experiments were performed in RAW264...
March 15, 2018: Nanomedicine
Tao Liu, Yixiang Liao, Huangheng Tao, Jinmin Zeng, Gang Wang, Zhonghua Yang, Yongzhi Wang, Yu Xiao, Jiajie Zhou, Xinghuan Wang
Several studies have shown that transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 8 (TRPM8), which has been regarded as a novel prostate-specific marker, serves a key role in processes such as the proliferation, viability and cell migration of prostate cancer cells. Efforts have been made to uncover the potential role of targeting TRPM8 in the management of prostate cancer; it has been verified that TRPM8-targeted blockade, either by RNA interference-mediated depletion or specific TRPM8 inhibitors, could reduce the rate of proliferation and proliferative fraction, and induce apoptosis in prostate cancer cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Caroline Morel, Tessi Sherrin, Norman J Kennedy, Kelly H Forest, Seda Avcioglu Barutcu, Michael Robles, Ezekiel Carpenter-Hyland, Naghum Alfulaij, Claire L Standen, Robert A Nichols, Morris Benveniste, Roger J Davis, Cedomir Todorovic
The c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction pathway is implicated in learning and memory. Here, we examined the role of JNK activation mediated by the JIP1 scaffold protein. We compared male wild-type mice with a mouse model harboring a point mutation in the Jip1 gene that selectively blocks JIP1-mediated JNK activation. These male mutant mice exhibited increased NMDA receptor currents, increased NMDA receptor-mediated gene expression, and a lower threshold for induction of hippocampal long-term potentiation...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Juan Jose Fraire-Zamora, Johannes Jaeger, Jérôme Solon
Evolution of morphogenesis is generally associated with changes in genetic regulation. Here, we report evidence indicating that dorsal closure, a conserved morphogenetic process in dipterans, evolved as the consequence of rearrangements in epithelial organization rather than signaling regulation. In Drosophila melanogaster , dorsal closure consists of a two-tissue system where the contraction of extraembryonic amnioserosa and a JNK/Dpp-dependent epidermal actomyosin cable result in microtubule-dependent seaming of the epidermis...
March 14, 2018: ELife
Tulika Mitra, Parash Prasad, Pritha Mukherjee, Susri Ray Chaudhuri, Urmi Chatterji, Sib S Roy
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the fourth most common gynecological malignancy due to its highly aggressive, recurrent, and drug-resistant nature. The last two features are rendered by the presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Factors like TGFβ1 and their downstream signaling pathways are upregulated in most cancers and are known to induce EMT and stemness, but the exact mechanisms underlying the process remain unelucidated. In our study, TGFβ1 induced enhanced stem-like properties like high expression of the pluripotent markers SOX2, OCT4a, and NANOG, along with CD44, and CD117 in the OC cells...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Sei Kuriyama, Tadahiro Tsuji, Tetsushi Sakuma, Takashi Yamamoto, Masamistu Tanaka
The anti-apoptotic nature of cancer cells often impedes the effects of anti-cancer therapeutic agents. Multiple death signals influence mitochondria during apoptosis, and though many studies have attempted to elucidate these complicated pathways, Bax oligomerization, an important step in the process, remains controversial. Here we demonstrate that pleckstrin-homology N1 (PLEKHN1), also known as cardiolipin phosphatidic acid binding protein, plays pro-apoptotic roles during reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced apoptosis...
December 2018: Cell Death Discovery
Ailiang Zeng, Jianxing Yin, Yan Li, Rui Li, Zheng Wang, Xu Zhou, Xin Jin, Feng Shen, Wei Yan, Yongping You
Therapeutic application of microRNAs (miRNAs) in Wnt-driven glioma has been valuable; however, their specific roles and mechanisms have not been completely investigated. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to analyse the expression of microRNA-129-5p (miR-129-5p) in human glioma samples. Cell-Counting Kit 8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, EdU, angiogenesis, Transwell invasion, wound healing, in vitro 3D migration and neurosphere formation assays were employed to assess the role of miR-129-5p in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells...
March 12, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Jieyu Liu, Peiyu Jin, Xiaoli Lin, Qing Zhou, Fei Wang, Shengnan Liu, Shuhua Xi
To understand the direct link between Cyclin D1, and nuclear factor of activated T cells 2 (NFAT2) and nuclear factor (NF)-κB in arsenic-treated bladder cells, as well as the association between MAPK and NFAT signaling, we determined whether or not the Ca2+ /NFAT pathway is activated in an arsenic-treated normal urothelial cell line and determined the roles of NFAT and NF-κB signals in the regulation of Cyclin D1 expression. The SV-40 immortalized human uroepithelial cell line, SV-HUC-1, was treated with NaAsO2 for 24 h (0, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 10 μM) and 10, 20, 30, and 40 weeks (0 and 0...
March 12, 2018: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Bingji Jin, Hong Jin
The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway have been reported to be associated with the progression of acute lung injury (ALI). Oxymatrine (OMT) alone or combined with other drugs can ameliorate paraquat- or oleic acid-induced lung injury. However, the effect of OMT on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether OMT can attenuate LPS-induced ALI through regulation of the ENaC and MAPK pathway using an ALI mouse model...
March 9, 2018: Experimental Animals
Kimberly A Fernandes, Katherine L Mitchell, Amit Patel, Olivia J Marola, Peter Shrager, Donald J Zack, Richard T Libby, Derek S Welsbie
Optic neuropathies such as glaucoma are characterized by the degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and the irreversible loss of vision. In these diseases, focal axon injury triggers a propagating axon degeneration and, eventually, cell death. Previous work by us and others identified dual leucine zipper kinase (DLK) and JUN N-terminal kinase (JNK) as key mediators of somal cell death signaling in RGCs following axonal injury. Moreover, others have shown that activation of the DLK/JNK pathway contributes to distal axonal degeneration in some neuronal subtypes and that this activation is dependent on the adaptor protein, sterile alpha and TIR motif containing 1 (SARM1)...
March 8, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Xu Chen, Xuan Li, Wenyan Zhang, Jie He, Bo Xu, Bin Lei, Zhenhua Wang, Courtney Cates, Thomas Rousselle, Ji Li
BACKGROUND: AMP-activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) is a stress-activated kinase that protects against cardiomyocyte injury during ischemia and reperfusion. c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), a mitogen activated protein kinase, is activated by ischemia and reperfusion. NF-κB is an important transcription factor involved in ischemia and reperfusion injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: The intrinsic activation of AMPK attenuates the inflammation which occurred during ischemia/reperfusion through the modulation of the JNK mediated NF-κB signaling pathway...
March 8, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
S Jahan, D Kumar, S Singh, V Kumar, A Srivastava, A Pandey, C S Rajpurohit, V K Khanna, A B Pant
The role of resveratrol (RV) as a neuroprotectant is well recognized, and cellular molecules involved in imparting the physiological effect have been well illustrated. However, some ambiguity still prevails as the specific receptor, and downstream signaling molecules are not yet clearly stated. So, we investigated the signaling pathway(s) involved in its cellular protection in the human umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cell (hUCB-MSC) derived neuronal cells. The mesenchymal stem cells were exposed to various concentrations (10, 100, 1000 μM) of monocrotophos (MCP), a known developmental neurotoxic organophosphate pesticide, for a period of 24 h...
March 10, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Niloufar Rahiman, Maryam Akaberi, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Zahra Tayarani-Najaran
In this study, we investigated the role of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways in mediation of the protective effects of saffron extract, saffron essential oil, safranal and crocin on bovine aortic endothelial cells against oxidative injury. The viability of cells in response to H2 O2 -induced toxicity (0.4, 2 and 10 mM) was measured using resazurin assay in the presence or absence of saffron extract (2-40 μg/ml), saffron oil (2-40 μg/ml), safranal (2-40 μM) and crocin (2-40 μM)...
March 7, 2018: Microvascular Research
Chang Liu, Congcong Zhang, Lixin Jia, Boya Chen, Luxin Liu, Jie Sun, Wenmei Zhang, Bin You, Yulin Li, Ping Li, Jie Du
Thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD) is due to degeneration of the aorta and causes a high mortality rate, while molecular mechanisms for the development of TAAD are still not completely understood. In this study, 3-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) treatment was used to induce TAAD mouse model. Through transcriptome analysis, we found the expression levels of genes associated with interleukin-3 (IL-3) signaling pathway were upregulated during TAAD development in mouse, which were validated by real-time PCR...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
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