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vitamin D and hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928036/vitamin-d-and-blood-pressure-among-u-s-adults-a-cross-sectional-examination-by-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#1
Abhishek Vishnu, Vasudha Ahuja
INTRODUCTION: The cross-sectional association of serum vitamin D levels with blood pressure and hypertension status among a representative sample of U.S. adults was examined. METHODS: Participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2001 to 2010 were included in these analyses. Harmonizing of the vitamin D levels from 2001 to 2006 with vitamin D measurement from 2007 to 2010 was done using regression equations released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926360/relationship-of-vitamin-d-and-parathyroid-hormone-with-the-nocturnal-blood-pressure-decline-in-hypertension
#2
Makbule K Karadag, Ozlem Secen
OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D deficiency and high parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels have been linked with hypertension. Nondipper hypertension is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We aimed to investigate the relationship of vitamin D and PTH levels with nondipper hypertension and nocturnal decline in untreated hypertensive patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a total of 73 hypertensive and 34 normotensive participants. Each patient underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, routine biochemical tests, vitamin D, and PTH analysis...
September 18, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918614/modifiable-co-morbidities-trends-during-hospital-admissions-for-obesity-in-france-2009-2014
#3
Pierre Nanyan
Obesity is a growing public health problem in France, but modifiable co-morbidities in obese patients during their hospital admissions excluding bariatric surgery are lacking. Data were extracted from the French national hospital discharge database. Data on patient admissions, age, gender, and length of stay were extracted by selecting any stay coded primary as obesity. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) between 30-39 kg/m², and morbid obesity as BMI≥40 kg/m². Only modifiable co-morbidities frequently diagnosed during the 6-year period with a rate≥3% were chosen...
July 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912817/the-effects-of-vitamin-d-supplement-on-prevention-of-recurrence-of-preeclampsia-in-pregnant-women-with-a-history-of-preeclampsia
#4
Sanam Behjat Sasan, Farnaz Zandvakili, Nasrin Soufizadeh, Elaheh Baybordi
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific syndrome. One of the hypotheses concerning the etiology of preeclampsia is vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The present study is a randomized controlled clinical trial which aims to determine the effect of vitamin D supplement on reducing the probability of recurrent preeclampsia. 72 patients were placed in control group while 70 patients were randomized to the intervention group. The intervention group received a 50000 IU pearl vitamin D3 once every two weeks...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892933/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-and-hypertension-in-hamadan-iran-a-case-control-study
#5
Behshad Naghshtabrizi, Shiva Borzouei, Pedram Bigvand, Mohamad Ali Seifrabiei
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension or high blood pressure is one of the main reasons of fatality in the world. The role of vitamin D in developing hypertension has not been proved yet. Some studies have shown positive correlation between low serum vitamin D level and hypertension. Due to this fact, recognising hypertension risk factors such as potential impact of low serum vitamin D level seems to be required. AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate potential impact of serum vitamin D level on hypertension...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872358/nocturnal-diastolic-blood-pressure-decline-is-associated-with-higher-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-level-and-standing-plasma-renin-activity-in-a-hypertensive-population
#6
Mingchen Zhang, Xinjuan Xu, Haiming Liu, Haixia Li, Junshi Zhang, Min Gao
Patients with nondipper hypertension are known to carry a high risk of cardiovascular complications. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with hypertension. Because vitamin D deficiency activates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), we hypothesized that this vitamin would interact with the RAAS to influence blood pressure (BP) in nondipper hypertensive patients. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 1,007 outpatients with hypertension (HTN). Dipper and nondipper patterns were detected, and the two groups were matched for clinical, laboratory, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels, and ambulatory blood pressure recording...
September 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864378/potential-cardiovascular-and-renal-protective-effects-of-vitamin-d-and-coenzyme-q10-in-l-name-induced-hypertensive-rats
#7
Hanan A Shamardl, Sahar M El-Ashmony, Hala F Kamel, Sameer H Fatani
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the primary modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Adequate vitamin D (vit D) levels have been shown to reduce vascular smooth muscle contraction and to increase arterial compliance, which may be beneficial in hypertension. Further, coenzyme Q10 (COQ10) through its action to lower oxidative stress has been reported to have beneficial effects on hypertension and heart failure. This study examined the possible cardiac and renal protective effects of vit D and COQ10 both separately and in combination with an angiotensin II receptor blocker, valsartan (vals) in l-NAME hypertensive rats...
August 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863873/evaluation-of-the-associations-between-immunoglobulin-e-levels-and-the-number-of-natural-teeth
#8
Kyungdo Han, Eunjoo Lee, Jun-Beom Park
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the association between the number of natural teeth and the total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE), allergen-specific IgE against Dermatophagoides farina, allergen-specific IgE against cockroaches, or allergen-specific IgE against dogs with nationally representative data using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). METHODS: This study involved a cross-sectional analysis using KNHANES data from 2010...
August 29, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854077/adherence-to-rivaroxaban-dabigatran-and-apixaban-for-stroke-prevention-for-newly-diagnosed-and-treatment-naive-atrial-fibrillation-patients-an-update-using-2013-2014-data
#9
Joshua D Brown, Anand R Shewale, Jeffery C Talbert
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed adherence to non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs), especially using contemporary data now that multiple NOACs are available. OBJECTIVE: To compare adherence and treatment patterns among NOACs for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). METHODS: Incident and treatment-naive NVAF patients were identified during 2013-2014 from a large claims database in this retrospective cohort study...
September 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844514/comparison-of-the-cha2ds2-vasc-chads2-has-bled-orbit-and-atria-risk-scores-in-predicting-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-associated-bleeding-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Xiaoxi Yao, Bernard J Gersh, Lindsey R Sangaralingham, David M Kent, Nilay D Shah, Neena S Abraham, Peter A Noseworthy
The increasing adoption of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) necessitates a reassessment of bleeding risk scores. Because known risk factors for bleeding are largely the same as for stroke, we hypothesize that stroke risk scores could also be used to identify patients with high bleeding risks. We aimed to compare the performance of 2 stroke risk scores (Congestive Heart failure, hypertension, Age ≥75 [doubled], Diabetes, Stroke [doubled], Vascular disease, Age 65-74, and Sex [female] [CHA2DS2-VASc] and Cardiac failure, Hypertension, Age, Diabetes, Stroke [Doubled] [CHADS2]) and 3 bleeding risk scores (hypertension, abnormal renal/liver function [1 point each], stroke, bleeding history or predisposition, labile INR, elderly [...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838765/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-incidence-of-nephrolithiasis-in-the-seguimiento-universidad-de-navarra-follow-up-sun-cohort
#11
Alessandro Leone, Alejandro Fernández-Montero, Carmen de la Fuente-Arrillaga, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Simona Bertoli, Alberto Battezzati, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
BACKGROUND: Diet plays an important role in the pathogenesis of nephrolithiasis. Limited data are available to investigate the association between a Mediterranean dietary pattern and risk for nephrolithiasis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 16,094 men and women without a history of nephrolithiasis who participated in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Follow-up (SUN) Project. PREDICTORS: A validated 136-item food frequency questionnaire was used to assess baseline adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern that is high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, fish, and legumes, but moderate in alcohol and low in meats, saturated fats, and sugars...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827564/the-profile-of-selected-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-hypertension-and-heart-failure-with-preserved-and-mid-range-ejection-fraction
#12
Agata Bielecka-Dabrowa, Agata Sakowicz, Tadeusz Pietrucha, Małgorzata Misztal, Piotr Chruściel, Jacek Rysz, Maciej Banach
The study aimed to assess the clinical significance of selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in patients with diastolic heart failure (HF): inflammation [-174 G/C Interleukin -6 (IL-6) rs1800795, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-608 G/A rs1800629], fibrosis [Arg25Pro transforming growth factor β (TGF β) rs1800471], endothelial function [-786 T/C nitric oxide synthase (NOS) rs2070744], glucose and lipid metabolism [Pro12Ala peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR)γ rs1801282], and vitamin D metabolism [cytochrome P450 27B1 (CYP27B1) C-1260A]...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821888/risk-factors-for-epistaxis-in-patients-followed-in-general-practices-in-germany
#13
D U Seidel, L Jacob, K Kostev, A M Sesterhenn
<p>BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to analyze the risk factors for epistaxis in patients followed in general practices in Germany.</p> <p>METHODS: The current study sample included patients aged 18 years or older who received a first epistaxis diagnosis between January 2012 and December 2016 (index date). Epistaxis patients and controls without epistaxis were matched (1:1) on the basis of age, gender, insurance status and physician. </p> <p>RESULTS: A total of 16,801 patients with epistaxis and 16,801 control subjects were included in this study...
August 19, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817241/association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-heart-failure-risk-in-the-elderly
#14
Catarina Magalhães Porto, Vanessa De Lima Silva, João Soares Brito da Luz, Brivaldo Markman Filho, Vera Magalhães da Silveira
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between vitamin D deficiency and risk of heart failure in elderly patients of cardiology outpatient clinics. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study with an analytical approach was employed. Clinical data were collected from the elderly from August 2015 to February 2016. The dependent variable was the risk of heart failure; the independent variable was vitamin D deficiency; and intervening factors were age, gender, education, ethnicity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, renal failure, dementia, stroke, dyslipidaemia, depression, smoking, alcoholism, obesity, andropause, and cardiac arrhythmia...
August 17, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815129/sdt-a-tree-method-for-detecting-patient-subgroups-with-personalized-risk-factors
#15
Xiangrui Li, Dongxiao Zhu, Ming Dong, Milad Zafar Nezhad, Alexander Janke, Phillip D Levy
Eradicating health disparity is a new focus for precision medicine research. Identifying patient subgroups is an effective approach to customized treatments for maximizing efficiency in precision medicine. Some features may be important risk factors for specific patient subgroups but not necessarily for others, resulting in a potential divergence in treatments designed for a given population. In this paper, we propose a tree-based method, called Subgroup Detection Tree (SDT), to detect patient subgroups with personalized risk factors...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803689/sun-exposure-influences-the-prognostic-power-of-components-of-mineral-metabolism-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
A Aceña, J A Franco-Peláez, C Gutierrez-Landaluce, A M Pello, C Cristóbal, N Tarín, A Huelmos, R Carda, M L Martín-Mariscal, J Alonso, E González-Parra, M L González-Casaus, Ó Lorenzo, L López Bescos, J Egido, J Tuñón
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Calcidiol (vitamin D metabolite) plasma levels vary with sun exposure (SE). However, it is not known if SE influences its prognostic ability. We have studied the effect of SE on plasma levels of the components of mineral metabolism (calcidiol, fibroblast growth factor-23 [FGF-23], parathormone [PTH], and phosphate [P]) and on their prognostic value in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied prospectively 704 patients with stable CAD...
September 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770950/prevention-of-neural-tube-defects-and-maternal-gestational-diabetes-through-the-inositol-supplementation-preliminary-results
#17
D Dell'Edera, F Sarlo, A Allegretti, A A Epifania, F Simone, M G Lupo, M Benedetto, M R D'Apice, A Capalbo
OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to demonstrate that the use in the preconceptional period until the 24th week of pregnancy of inositol and folic acid, first of all, preserves the product of conception from neural tube defects (NTDs) and then, thanks to inositol supplementation, it possibly counteracts and prevents the onset of maternal gestational diabetes (GDM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We have collected data derived from pregnant women arrived at our laboratory, from January 2014 to January 2016, with no family history of type 2 diabetes and hypertension...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766735/relationship-between-tooth-loss-and-peripheral-arterial-disease-among-women
#18
Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Kenneth J Mukamal, Jennifer K Pai, Walter Willett, Kaumudi J Joshipura
AIM: We assessed the longitudinal association between tooth loss and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) within the Nurses' Health Study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After excluding participants with prior cardiovascular diseases, 277 of 79,663 women were confirmed as PAD cases during 16 years of follow-up. Number of teeth and recent tooth loss were reported initially in 1992. Subsequent tooth loss was recorded in 1996 and in 2000. We evaluated the associations of baseline number of teeth and recent tooth loss with risk of PAD, adjusting for age, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, aspirin use, family history of myocardial infarction, BMI, alcohol consumption, physical activity, postmenopausal hormone use, and use of vitamin E, vitamin D, multivitamin and calcium...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760946/vitamin-d-hypertension-and-ischemic-stroke-an-unresolved-relationship
#19
EDITORIAL
Ronen Levi-Vardi, Yoram Yagil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760944/vitamin-d-hypertension-and-ischemic-stroke-in-116-655-individuals-from-the-general-population-a-genetic-study
#20
Shoaib Afzal, Børge G Nordestgaard
Observational studies indicate that low concentrations of plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) are associated with high blood pressure, hypertension, and ischemic stroke. However, whether these associations are causal remain unknown. A total of 116 655 white individuals of Danish descent from the general population were genotyped for genetic variants in DHCR7 and CYP2R1 affecting plasma 25(OH)D concentrations; 35 517 had plasma 25(OH)D measurements. Primary outcomes were blood pressure, hypertension, and ischemic stroke...
July 31, 2017: Hypertension
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