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capillary pressure

Jochen-Frederick Hernekamp, Florian Neubrech, Tomke Cordts, Volker J Schmidt, Ulrich Kneser, Thomas Kremer
PURPOSE: The clinical course after major burns is characterized by microcirculatory changes and consecutive capillary leakage. However, current clinical monitoring does not properly assess microcirculation, whereas macrohemodynamic changes are continuously evaluated. Here, we assess if macrohemodynamic and microhemodynamic parameters after burn trauma are correlated in a rat model. METHODS: Burn plasma harvested from donor rats 4 hours after thermal injury (30% total body surface area, 100 °C water, 12 seconds) was administered intravenously to healthy animals during 2 hours of intravital microscopy (burn group [BG])...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Anikó Ilona Nagy, Ashwin Venkateshvaran, Béla Merkely, Lars H Lund, Aristomenis Manouras
AIMS: The diastolic pulmonary pressure gradient (DPG) has recently been introduced as a specific marker of combined pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension (Cpc-PH) in left heart disease (LHD). However, its diagnostic and prognostic superiority compared with traditional haemodynamic indices has been challenged lately. Current recommendations explicitly denote that in the normal heart, DPG values are greater than zero, with DPG ≥7 mmHg indicating Cpc-PH. However, clinicians are perplexed by the frequent observation of DPG <0 mmHg (DPGNEG ), as its physiological explanation and clinical impact are unclear to date...
October 17, 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
Jonathan D Rich, Igor Gosev, Chetan B Patel, Susan Joseph, Jason N Katz, Peter M Eckman, Sangjin Lee, Kartik Sundareswaran, Ahmet Kilic, Brian Bethea, Behzad Soleimani, Brian Lima, Nir Uriel, Michael Kiernan
BACKGROUND: Early right-sided heart failure (RHF) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is associated with increased mortality, but little is known about patients who develop late RHF (LRHF). We evaluated the incidence, risk factors, and clinical impact of LRHF in patients supported by axial-flow LVADs. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 537 patients enrolled in the HeartMate II (HM II; Thoratec/St. Jude) destination therapy clinical trial. LRHF was defined as the development of clinical RHF accompanied by the need for inotropic support occurring more than 30 days after discharge from the index LVAD implant hospitalization...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Francyne Kubaski, Harumi Osago, Robert W Mason, Seiji Yamaguchi, Hironori Kobayashi, Mikako Tsuchiya, Tadao Orii, Shunji Tomatsu
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are long blocks of negatively charged polysaccharides. They are one of the major components of the extracellular matrix and play multiple roles in different tissues and organs. The accumulation of undegraded GAGs causes mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS). GAGs are associated with other pathological conditions such as osteoarthritis, inflammation, diabetes mellitus, spinal cord injury, and cancer. The need for further understanding of GAG functions and mechanisms of action boosted the development of qualitative and quantitative (alcian blue, toluidine blue, paper and thin layer chromatography, gas chromatography, high pressure liquid chromatography, capillary electrophoresis, 1,9-dimethylmethylene blue, enzyme linked-immunosorbent assay, mass spectrometry) techniques...
September 28, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Amelia Chiara Trombetta, Carmen Pizzorni, Barbara Ruaro, Sabrina Paolino, Alberto Sulli, Vanessa Smith, Maurizio Cutolo
OBJECTIVE: To quantify in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) the absolute nailfold capillary number/mm (the absolute number of capillaries, observable in the first row, in 1 mm per field) and fingertip blood perfusion (FBP) during longterm therapy with the endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan (BOSE) and the synthetic analog of prostacyclin PGI2 iloprost (ILO) by multiple diagnostic tools. Observed values were correlated with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Thirty patients with SSc already receiving intravenous ILO (80 μg/day) for 5 continuous days (every 3 mos) were recruited in the clinic...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
Agnieszka Ciarka, Lars H Lund, Johan Van Cleemput, Gabor Voros, Walter Droogne, Johan Vanhaecke
Heart transplantation (HT) recipients may have tachycardia secondary to cardiac denervation. As higher heart rate predicts worse outcomes in cardiovascular disease, we hypothesized that tachycardia and nonuse of β blockers are associated with increased mortality after HT. All patients who underwent HT at our institution from 1987 to 2010 were included. The association of heart rate 3 months after HT and β-blocker use during follow-up to mortality was assessed using Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses adjusting for clinically relevant baseline variables...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Tomoaki Shiba, Mao Takahashi, Tadashi Matsumoto, Kohji Shirai, Yuichi Hori
PROPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there were significant correlations between the pulse waveform in the capillary area of the optic nerve head (ONH) microcirculation shown by laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) and parameters of the systemic condition, especially the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI). METHOD: We studied 130 men (ages 60.5 ± 10.9 years) who visited the Vascular Function Section of the Department of Cardiovascular Center of Toho University Sakura Medical Center...
October 14, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
James E McClure, Mark A Berrill, William G Gray, Cass T Miller
Multiphase flows in porous medium systems are typically modeled at the macroscale by applying the principles of continuum mechanics to develop models that describe the behavior of averaged quantities, such as fluid pressure and saturation. These models require closure relations to produce solvable forms. One of these required closure relations is an expression relating the capillary pressure to fluid saturation and, in some cases, other topological invariants such as interfacial area and the Euler characteristic (or average Gaussian curvature)...
September 2016: Physical Review. E
Suma P Goudar, G Hamilton Baker, Shahryar M Chowdhury, Kimberly J Reid, Girish Shirali, Mark A Scheurer
BACKGROUND: Adult studies demonstrate that echocardiographic measurements of cardiac function using speckle tracking correlate with invasive measurements, but such data in the pediatric population are sparse. Our aim was to compare speckle-derived measures of cardiac function to measurements routinely obtained by cardiac catheterization in children. METHODS: Echocardiograms were performed on the day of cardiac catheterization. Using Tomtec 2D Cardiac Performance Analysis, longitudinal strain (LS), longitudinal strain rate (LSR), early diastolic LSR, and ejection fraction (EF) for the right and left ventricle (RV and LV) were calculated via speckle tracking...
October 14, 2016: Echocardiography
Y Lu, Y-P Jia
OBJECTIVE: Quercetin has been reported to have the activities of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-virus, anti-cancer and so on. Many studies showed that quercetin could lower blood pressure and improve blood capillary elasticity, and it can also reduce LDL oxidation and prevent atherosclerosis. Although quercetin has been recognized to have the function of preventing atherosclerosis, little is known about its underlying mechanism. In this study, we try to explore whether quercetin up-regulates LXRa-mediated ABCA1 expression...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Wolfgang Wiedemair, Zeljko Tukovic, Hrvoje Jasak, Dimos Poulikakos, Vartan Kurtcuoglu
Encapsulated microbubbles (MBs) serve as endovascular agents in a wide range of medical ultrasound applications. The oscillatory response of these agents to ultrasonic excitation is determined by MB size, gas content, viscoelastic shell properties and geometrical constraints. The viscoelastic parameters of the MB capsule vary during an oscillation cycle and change irreversibly upon shell rupture. The latter results in marked stress changes on the endothelium of capillary blood vessels due to altered MB dynamics...
October 12, 2016: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Baoling Zhu, Kai Liu, Chengzhi Yang, Yuhui Qiao, Zijian Li
Cardiac remodeling is the pathological basis of various cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we found gender-related differences in β-adrenergic receptor (AR)-mediated pathological cardiac remodeling. Cardiac remodeling model was established by subcutaneous injection of isoprenaline (ISO) for 14 days. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and echocardiography were obtained on 7th and 14th days during ISO administration. Myocardial cross-sectional area and the ratio of heart mass to tibia length (HM/TL) were detected to assess cardiac hypertrophy...
August 7, 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Radu Campean, Matthias Hasun, Claudia Stöllberger, Johannes Bucher, Josef Finsterer, Christoph Schnack, Franz Weidinger
BACKGROUND: Reversible left ventricular dysfunction, also termed Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is rarely reported in Addison's disease after initiation of hormone replacement therapy. The pathogenesis of this cardiomyopathy is unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old white woman with a history of autoimmune Hashimoto thyroiditis diagnosed 3 years earlier and acute adrenal insufficiency diagnosed 3 weeks earlier presented with new onset of heart failure New York Heart Association class IV, which had started shortly after initiation of hormone replacement therapy with hydrocortisone 20 mg/day and fludrocortisone 0...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Raktim Kumar Ghosh, Kinjal Banerjee, Ramyashree Tummala, Somedeb Ball, Keyvan Ravakhah, Anjan Gupta
Heart failure continues to be a widely prevalent disease across the world, affecting millions of Americans annually. Acute heart failure (AHF) has a substantial effect on rising health care costs and one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality. The search for new drugs for symptom relief and to improve long term outcomes in heart failure has led to development of serelaxin, a recombinant human relaxin-2 hormone. Relaxin was discovered in pregnancy but eventually found to have a number of other physiological actions, not only in pregnancy, but also in non-pregnant women and men...
October 11, 2016: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
Timothy J OBrien, Ali R Roghani, Philip A Jones, Charles H Aardema, John L Robertson, Thomas E Diller
A new thin-filmed perfusion sensor was developed using a heat flux gauge, thin-film thermocouple, and a heating element. This sensor, termed "CHFT+", is an enhancement of the previously established CHFT (combined heat flux - temperature) sensor technology predominately used to quantify the severity of burns [1]. The CHFT+ sensor was uniquely designed to measure tissue perfusion on explanted organs destined for transplantation, but could be functionalized and used in a wide variety of other biomedical applications...
October 5, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
M Ali, H Pasic, K Alam, S A N Tiji, N Mannella, T Silva, T Liu
This paper reports development and testing of novel cross-flow wet electrostatic precipitator (WESP), recently patented at Ohio University, which utilizes vertical columns of permeable material in the form of polypropylene ropes placed in a cross flow configuration within a flue gas stream. The cross flow design has large surface area, which provides scrubbing action; therefore it has the potential for removing multiple pollutants including particulates, gases, vapors and mists. In this new method, the ropes are kept wet by the liquid (water) introduced from the top of the cells running downward on the ropes by capillary action, making the permeable materials act as the ground electrode for capturing particles from the flue gas...
October 10, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Joshua B Bostwick, Paul H Steen
A partially-wetting sessile drop is driven by a sinusoidal pressure field that produces capillary waves on the liquid/gas interface. Response diagrams and phase shifts for the droplet, whose contact-line moves with contact-angle that is a smooth function of the contact line speed, are reported. Contact-line dissipation originating from the contact-line speed condition leads to damping for drops with finite contact-line mobility, even for inviscid fluids. The critical mobility and associated driving frequency to generate the largest contact-line dissipation is computed...
October 10, 2016: Soft Matter
A O Olanrewaju, A Robillard, M Dagher, D Juncker
We recently developed capillaric circuits (CCs) - advanced capillary microfluidic devices assembled from capillary fluidic elements in a modular manner similar to the design of electric circuits (Safavieh & Juncker, Lab Chip, 2013, 13, 4180-4189). CCs choreograph liquid delivery operations according to pre-programmed capillary pressure differences with minimal user intervention. CCs were thought to require high-precision micron-scale features manufactured by conventional photolithography, which is slow and expensive...
September 21, 2016: Lab on a Chip
Hossein Hamidi, Amin Sharifi Haddad, Erfan Mohammadian, Roozbeh Rafati, Amin Azdarpour, Panteha Ghahri, Peter Ombewa, Tobias Neuert, Aaron Zink
CO2 flooding process as a common enhanced oil recovery method may suffer from interface instability due to fingering and gravity override, therefore, in this study a method to improve the performance of CO2 flooding through an integrated ultraosund-CO2 flooding process is presented. Ultrasonic waves can deliver energy from a generator to oil and affect its properties such as internal energy and viscosity. Thus, a series of CO2 flooding experiments in the presence of ultrasonic waves were performed for controlled and uncontrolled temperature conditions...
September 30, 2016: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Marta Pelcová, Roman Řemínek, Friederike A Sandbaumhüter, Richard A Mosher, Zdeněk Glatz, Wolfgang Thormann
The establishment of an efficient reaction mixture represents a crucial part of capillary electrophoresis based on-line enzymatic assays. For ketamine N-demethylation to norketamine mediated by the cytochrome P450 3A4 enzyme, mixing of enzyme and reactants in the incubation buffer at physiological pH was studied by computer simulation. A dynamic electrophoretic simulator that encompasses Taylor-Aris diffusivity which accounts for dispersion due to the parabolic flow profile associated with pressure driven flow was utilized...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
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