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effman classification

Mohan K Abraham, Saurabh Garge, Bindu Sudarshan, Naveen Vishwanath, Ramakrishnan Puzhankara, Anup Paliwal, Ashwin Prabhakaran, Aisha Naaz, K Narasimhan, Divya Prakash
A rare association of horseshoe kidney with pyelic fusion with crossed single ureter along with a rare unusual variant of complete urethral duplication is described. We review the available literature on this rare association and present its management.
June 2013: International Urology and Nephrology
Miguel Angel Ramírez-Ortega, Octavio Gamez-Torres
BACKGROUND: the urethral duplication is an uncommon congenital anomaly. We presented a case of male patient with congenital urethral duplication with a giant calculus in the accessory urethra. CASE: male patient 23 years old with sensation of tumor and pain in the lower pelvis and base of the penis with decrease of the urinary spurt and final dripping. There was edema in the penescrotal area; a hard tumor can be touched, painful to movement. The urethrography and cistoscopy showed urethral duplication type IIB according to the classification of Effman without communication with bladder, it had rooted before the fossa navicular in a blind-ending which was hidden at the bulbar urethral where the giant calculus was located...
March 2008: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
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