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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918484/drug-herb-interactions-in-the-elderly-patient-with-ibd-a-growing-concern
#1
REVIEW
Haider Rahman, Marina Kim, Galen Leung, Jesse A Green, Seymour Katz
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes conditions such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is becoming more prevalent with the elderly being the fastest growing group. Parallel to this, there is an increasing interest in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Nearly half of patients with IBD have used CAM at one time. The elderly patients, however, are burdened by comorbid conditions, polypharmacy, and altered functional status. With increasing use of complementary and alternative medicine in our elderly patients with IBD, it is vital for the provider to provide counsel on drug-herb potential interactions...
September 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918319/determination-of-chlorogenic-acids-and-caffeine-in-homemade-brewed-coffee-prepared-under-various-conditions
#2
Jong-Sup Jeon, Han-Taek Kim, Il-Hyung Jeong, Se-Ra Hong, Moon-Seog Oh, Kwang-Hee Park, Jae-Han Shim, A M Abd El-Aty
Coffee, a complex mixture of more than 800 volatile compounds, is one of the most valuable commodity in the world, whereas caffeine and chlorogenic acids (CGAs) are the most common compounds. CGAs are mainly composed of caffeoylquinic acids (CQAs), dicaffeoylquinic acids (diCQAs), and feruloylquinic acids (FQAs). The major CGAs in coffee are neochlorogenic acid (3-CQA), cryptochlorogenic acid (4-CQA), and chlorogenic acid (5-CQA). Many studies have shown that it is possible to separate the isomers of FQAs by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917230/energy-restriction-combined-with-green-coffee-bean-extract-affects-serum-adipocytokines-and-the-body-composition-in-obese-women
#3
Fatemeh Haidari, Mehnoosh Samadi, Majid Mohammadshahi, Mohammad Taha Jalali, Kambiz Ahmadi Engali
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a public health problem and is a cause of some preventable illnesses. Among several methods for treating obesity, the use of food supplements is highly common. A commonly used food supplement is green coffee bean extract. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of green coffee bean extract combined with an energy-restricted diet on the body composition and serum adipocytokines in obese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this randomised clinical trial, 64 obese women aged 20-45 years were selected and divided into two groups: an intervention group (receiving 400 mg green coffee bean extract for 8 weeks) and control group (receiving placebo)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912088/sip-and-spit-or-sip-and-swallow-choice-of-method-differentially-alters-taste-intensity-estimates-across-stimuli
#4
Cordelia A Running, John E Hayes
While the myth of the tongue map has been consistently and repeatedly debunked in controlled studies, evidence for regional differences in suprathreshold intensity has been noted by multiple research groups. Given differences in physiology between the anterior and posterior tongue (fungiform versus foliate and circumvallate papillae) and differences in total area stimulated (anterior only versus whole tongue, pharynx, and epiglottis), small methodological changes (sip and spit versus sip and swallow) have the potential to substantially influence data...
September 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892685/using-cow-dung-and-spent-coffee-grounds-to-enhance-the-two-stage-co-composting-of-green-waste
#5
Lu Zhang, Xiangyang Sun
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of cow dung (CD) (at 0%, 20%, and 35%) and/or spent coffee grounds (SCGs) (at 0%, 30%, and 45%) as amendments in the two-stage co-composting of green waste (GW); the percentages refer to grams of amendment per 100g of GW based on dry weights. The combined addition of CD and SCGs improved the conditions during co-composting and the quality of the compost product in terms of composting temperature; particle-size distribution; mechanical properties; nitrogen changes; low-molecular weight compounds; humic substances; the degradation of lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose; enzyme activities; the contents of total Kjeldahl nitrogen, total phosphorus, and total potassium; and the toxicity to germinating seeds...
August 24, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890267/analysis-of-underivatised-low-volatility-compounds-by-comprehensive-two-dimensional-gas-chromatography-with-a-short-primary-column
#6
Fábio Junior Moreira Novaes, Chadin Kulsing, Humberto Ribeiro Bizzo, Francisco Radler de Aquino Neto, Claudia Moraes Rezende, Philip John Marriott
Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) approaches with cryogenic modulation were developed for the qualitative analysis of selected low volatility compounds in raw coffee bean extracts, without derivatisation. The approaches employed short first ((1)D) and second ((2)D) dimension columns, specifically a (1)D 65% phenyl methyl siloxane column (11m) and a (2)D 5% phenyl methyl siloxane column (1m), which allowed elution of high molar mass compounds (e.g.>600Da). Solutes included hydrocarbons, fatty acids, diterpenes, tocopherols, sterols, diterpene esters, and di- and triacylglycerides...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803325/an-endoplasmic-reticulum-localized-coffea-arabica-burp-domain-containing-protein-affects-the-response-of-transgenic-arabidopsis-plants-to-diverse-abiotic-stresses
#7
Sy Nguyen Dinh, Hunseung Kang
The Coffea arabica BURP domain-containing gene plays an important role in the response of transgenic Arabidopsis plants to abiotic stresses via regulating the level of diverse proteins. Although the functions of plant-specific BURP domain-containing proteins (BDP) have been determined for a few plants, their roles in the growth, development, and stress responses of most plant species, including coffee plant (Coffea arabica), are largely unknown. In this study, the function of a C. arabica BDP, designated CaBDP1, was investigated in transgenic Arabidopsis plants...
August 12, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774586/utilization-of-chemically-treated-municipal-solid-waste-spent-coffee-bean-powder-as-reinforcement-in-cellulose-matrix-for-packaging-applications
#8
Senthil Muthu Kumar Thiagamani, Rajini Nagarajan, Mohammad Jawaid, Varadarajulu Anumakonda, Suchart Siengchin
As the annual production of the solid waste generable in the form of spent coffee bean powder (SCBP) is over 6 million tons, its utilization in the generation of green energy, waste water treatment and as a filler in biocomposites is desirable. The objective of this article is to analyze the possibilities to valorize coffee bean powder as a filler in cellulose matrix. Cellulose matrix was dissolved in the relatively safer aqueous solution mixture (8% LiOH and 15% Urea) precooled to -12.5°C. To the cellulose solution (SCBP) was added in 5-25wt% and the composite films were prepared by regeneration method using ethyl alcohol as a coagulant...
July 31, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771735/polyphenol-content-in-vitro-bioaccesibility-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-widely-consumed-beverages
#9
Gema Baeza, Beatriz Sarriá, Laura Bravo, Raquel Mateos
BACKGROUND: Beverages prepared from antioxidant rich plants are sources of polyphenols, which bioactivity depends on bioaccesibility in the gastrointestinal tract. This work evaluated the polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity of widely consumed beverages such as chamomile tea, yerba mate, a coffee blend (65% roasted:35% green), and coffee-like substitutes such as chicory, malt and a soluble cereal mixture. Additionally, the bioaccesibility of the two beverages with the highest antioxidant capacity was evaluated using an in vitro digestion model...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765341/coffee-and-green-tea-consumption-and-subsequent-risk-of-malignant-lymphoma-and-multiple-myeloma-in-japan-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#10
Tomotaka Ugai, Keitaro Matsuo, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Yoshinobu Kanda, Shoichiro Tsugane
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of coffee and green tea consumption and the risk of malignant lymphoma and multiple myeloma in a large-scale population-based cohort study in Japan.Methods: In this analysis, a total of 95,807 Japanese subjects (45,937 men and 49,870 women; ages 40-69 years at baseline) of the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study who completed a questionnaire about their coffee and green tea consumption were followed up until December 31, 2012, for an average of 18 years...
August 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763994/covering-the-different-steps-of-the-coffee-processing-can-headspace-voc-emissions-be-exploited-to-successfully-distinguish-between-arabica-and-robusta
#11
Ilaria Colzi, Cosimo Taiti, Elettra Marone, Susanna Magnelli, Cristina Gonnelli, Stefano Mancuso
This work was performed to evaluate the possible application of PTR-ToF-MS technique in distinguishing between Coffea arabica (Arabica) and Coffea canephora var. robusta (Robusta) commercial stocks in each step of the processing chain (green beans, roasted beans, ground coffee, brews). volatile organic compounds (VOC) spectra from coffee samples of 7 Arabica and 6 Robusta commercial stocks were recorded and submitted to multivariate statistical analysis. Results clearly showed that, in each stage of the coffee processing, the volatile composition of coffee is highly influenced by the species...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720938/effect-of-green-coffee-extract-on-rheological-physico-sensory-and-antioxidant-properties-of-bread
#12
A Mukkundur Vasudevaiah, A Chaturvedi, R Kulathooran, I Dasappa
Green coffee extract, GCE (Coffee canephora) was used at 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0% levels for making bioactive rich bread. The processed GCE from the green coffee beans had 21.42% gallic acid equivalents (GAE) total polyphenols (TPP), 37.28% chlorogenic acid (CGA) and 92.73% radical scavenging activity (RSA), at 100 ppm concentration of GCE and caffeine content (1.75%). Rheological, physico-sensory and antioxidant properties of GCE incorporated breads were analysed and compared with control bread. The results revealed not much significant change in the rheological characteristics of dough up to 1...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719146/natural-compounds-in-cancer-prevention-effects-of-coffee-extracts-and-their-main-polyphenolic-component-5-o-caffeoylquinic-acid-on-oncogenic-ras-proteins
#13
Alessandro Palmioli, Carlotta Ciaramelli, Renata Tisi, Michela Spinelli, Gaia De Sanctis, Elena Sacco, Cristina Airoldi
Recent epidemiological studies have demonstrated that the consumption of healthy foods that are particularly rich in polyphenols might reduce the incidence of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. In particular, chlorogenic acids (CGAs) occur ubiquitously in food and represent the most abundant polyphenols in the human diet. A number of beneficial biological effects of CGAs, such as anti-inflammatory activity, anti-carcinogenic activity, and protection against neurodegenerative diseases, have been reported...
July 18, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675091/coffee-polyphenols-extracted-from-green-coffee-beans-improve-skin-properties-and-microcirculatory-function
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Satoko Fukagawa, Satoshi Haramizu, Shun Sasaoka, Yuka Yasuda, Hisashi Tsujimura, Takatoshi Murase
Coffee polyphenols (CPPs), including chlorogenic acid, exert various physiological activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of CPPs on skin properties and microcirculatory function in humans. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 49 female subjects with mildly xerotic skin received either a test beverage containing CPPs (270 mg/100 mL/day) or a placebo beverage for 8 weeks. The ingestion of CPPs significantly lowered the clinical scores for skin dryness, decreased transepidermal water loss, skin surface pH, and increased stratum corneum hydration and the responsiveness of skin blood flow during local warming...
September 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672948/-epigallocatechin-gallate-but-not-chlorogenic-acid-upregulates-osteoprotegerin-synthesis-through-regulation-of-bone-morphogenetic-protein-4-in-osteoblasts
#15
Kazuhiko Fujita, Takanobu Otsuka, Naohiro Yamamoto, Shingo Kainuma, Reou Ohguchi, Tetsu Kawabata, Go Sakai, Gen Kuroyanagi, Rie Matsushima-Nishiwaki, Osamu Kozawa, Haruhiko Tokuda
Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a primary phenolic component of coffee and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is a primary flavonoid component of green tea, both of which have been documented to possess beneficial health properties. A previous study by the present authors demonstrated that p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) may be associated with osteoprotegerin synthesis stimulated by bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4) in osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. In the present study, the effects of CGA and EGCG on BMP-4-stimulated osteoprotegerin synthesis in MC3T3-E1 cells were investigated...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658911/effect-of-green-coffee-bean-extract-on-streptococcus-mutans-count-a-randomised-control-trial
#16
Mona Yadav, Mamta Kaushik, Roshni Roshni, Pallavi Reddy, Neha Mehra, Vallari Jain, Ritu Rana
INTRODUCTION: Mouth rinses have been popularly used as a supplementary oral hygiene aid. A lot of commercially available mouth rinses possess few adverse effects, which has necessitated the search for alternative and herbal mouth rinses. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of rinsing with green coffee bean extract in comparison with chlorhexidine mouthwash and sterile water on salivary Streptococcus mutans count. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized parallel controlled clinical trial was planned and 45 subjects aged between 18-22 years were selected...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648847/study-on-the-change-and-acculturation-of-dietary-pattern-of-southeast-asian-workers-living-in-south-korea
#17
Eun Jung Lee, Kyung-Ran Lee, Seung-Joo Lee
This study analyzed the dietary pattern of Southeast Asian workers (Vietnamese, Thais, Cambodians and Myanmar) living in South Korea in order to recognize the dietary changes after they moved to South Korea. Questionnaires were completed by 251 Southeast Asian workers living in South Korea. Using a self-administered questionnaire, we assessed the diets before and after living in the hometown and in South Korea. Significant changes observed in the Southeast Asian workers were decreased in consumption frequency of fresh fruits, cooked vegetables, rice noodles, green tea and glutinous rice, and increase in consumption of Kimchi, seaweed, milk, coffee and pizza...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621274/evaluation-to-prevent-the-physical-changes-in-colored-elastomeric-modules-when-exposed-to-various-dietary-media
#18
S Dhivya Kanya, K Pradeep Babu, R Venkatesan, A Nanda Kumar
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to analyze and compare the variation of lumen size and thickness of the elastomeric colored modules when immersed in four selected dietary media. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sample size of 40 modules on each color - such as red, blue, green, and black - was taken and immersed in four dietary media (artificial saliva, coke mixed with artificial saliva, turmeric mixed with artificial saliva, and coffee mixed with artificial saliva)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603967/coffee-driven-green-activation-of-cellulose-and-its-use-for-all-paper-flexible-supercapacitors
#19
Donggue Lee, Yoon-Gyo Cho, Hyun-Kon Song, Sang-Jin Chun, Sang-Bum Park, Don-Ha Choi, Sun-Young Lee, JongTae Yoo, Sang-Young Lee
Cellulose, which is one of the most-abundant and -renewable natural resources, has been extensively explored as an alternative substance for electrode materials such as activated carbons. Here, we demonstrate a new class of coffee-mediated green activation of cellulose as a new environmentally benign chemical-activation strategy and its potential use for all-paper flexible supercapacitors. A piece of paper towel is soaked in espresso coffee (acting as a natural activating agent) and then pyrolyzed to yield paper-derived activated carbons (denoted as "EK-ACs")...
July 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592101/-analysis-of-related-factors-for-primary-hepatic-carcinoma-caused-by-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c
#20
L Nie, X C Wang, J Q Niu, J Shang, Y Han, G J Xin, G Jia, J L Li, G W Ding, Z F Liu
Objective: To explore the related factors for primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC) caused by chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and hepatitis C (CHC). Methods: According to the principle of cross-sectional study, a cluster random sample method was used, a total of 366 chronic hepatitis patients in hospitals were recruited from three provincial tertiary hospitals in Shanxi, Henan and Jilin between July 2016 and October 2016, respectively. Using a self-designed unified questionnaire, face-to-face interviews was conducted on subjects, including sex, age, alcohol consumption, coffee consumption, green tea consumption, fish consumption, smoking, HBV/HCV diagnosis and treatment, diabetes mellitus, family history of PHC (whether PHC in first-degree relatives), etc...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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