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osteoporosis and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929434/random-electromyostimulation-promotes-osteogenesis-and-the-mechanical-properties-of-rat-bones
#1
Shigeo M Tanaka, Yuma Yorozuya, Daisuke Takatsu
Exercise is often recommended as a promising non-pharmacologic countermeasure to prevent osteoporosis. However, elderly osteoporotic patients generally have physical fitness difficulties preventing them from performing effective and sustainable exercise. Electromyostimulation should be one effective modality for non-pharmacological prevention of osteoporosis without any voluntary physical movements. However, successful stimulation patterns remain controversial. As suggested by our previous in vitro studies, randomized timing of stimulation could be a candidate to maximize the osteogenic effect of electromyostimulation...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912387/-osteoporosis-liaison-service-and-exercise-regimens-based-on-locomotive-syndrome
#2
Hideaki Ishibashi
The purpose of Osteoporosis Liaison Service(OLS)is primary and secondary prevention of osteoporosis and fragility fracture by multiple medical occupations. Exercise instruction and exercise intervention are important factors in OLS. Exercise has effects of increasing bone density and preventing falls. In OLS, it is also necessary to disseminate knowledge on osteoporosis and fractures to the public. Main measures against locomotive syndrome(LS), meaning weakening of ambulatory ability, are exercise and nutrition, and the LS prevention campaign is thought to lead to prevention of falls...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886822/osteopenia-and-osteoporosis-in-female-athletes
#3
REVIEW
John M MacKnight
Disorders of bone density are especially prevalent among athletic women. The severity of bone loss ranges from osteopenia to frank osteoporosis. In female athletes, a higher incidence of osteoporosis is due to a decreased rate of bone accretion in youth, often as a result of hormonal deficiency and/or excessive exercise. Low bone mass poses a particular challenge for athletes because it predisposes to stress-related bone injuries and increases the risk of osteoporosis and insufficiency fractures with aging...
October 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864705/a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-bone-response-to-impact-loading-or-resistance-training-in-young-women-with-lower-than-average-bone-mass-the-optima-ex-trial
#4
Conor Lambert, Belinda R Beck, Amy T Harding, Steven L Watson, Benjamin K Weeks
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the Osteoporosis Prevention Through Impact and Muscle-loading Approaches to Exercise trial is to compare the bone response to two known osteogenic stimuli - impact loading exercise and resistance training. Specifically, we will examine the effect of a 10-month, twice-weekly, high-intensity impact loading exercise intervention and a 10-month, twice-weekly, high-intensity resistance training intervention on bone mass and strength at clinically important skeletal sites...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860417/exercise-for-osteoporosis-how-to-navigate-between-overeagerness-and-defeatism
#5
A Ireland, J J Rittweger
Osteoporosis and associated fractures remain a common and costly health problem. Public fears about rare side effects of efficacious drug treatments for osteoporosis have contributed to decreased prescription and compliance. Exercise and physical activity-based interventions have long been proposed as an alternative treatment for osteoporosis. However despite compelling evidence from experimental studies in animals and from observational studies in humans, the use of exercise to improve bone mass in clinical practice does not seem to be justifiable by current human interventional studies...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816876/osteoporotic-thoracolumbar-fractures-how-are-they-different-classification-and-treatment-algorithm
#6
Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Rishi M Kanna, Klaus J Schnake, Alexander R Vaccaro, Gregory D Schroeder, Said Sadiqi, Cumhur Oner
Osteoporotic vertebral fractures constitute at least 50% of the osteoporotic fractures that happen worldwide. Occurrence of osteoporotic fractures make the elderly patient susceptible for further fractures and increases the morbidity due to kyphosis and pain; the mortality risk is also increased in these patients. Most fractures occur in the thoracic and thoracolumbar region and are often stable. Different descriptive and prognostic classification systems have been described, but none are universally accepted...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815553/osteoporosis-in-erythropoietic-protoporphyria-patients
#7
M Biewenga, R H S Matawlie, E C H Friesema, H Koole-Lesuis, M Langeveld, J H P Wilson, J G Langendonk
BACKGROUND: Erythropoietic protoporphyria is a rare metabolic disease with painful photosensitivity due to protoporphyrin IX accumulation, resulting in lifelong light avoidance behaviour. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density and known osteoporosis risk factors in erythropoietic protoporphyria patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study all erythropoietic protoporphyria patients attending the Erasmus MC outpatient clinic that had undergone bone mineral density measurements were included...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762126/systematic-scoping-review-of-patients-perceived-needs-of-health-services-for-osteoporosis
#8
REVIEW
L Chou, P Shamdasani, A M Briggs, F M Cicuttini, K Sullivan, K L M D Seneviwickrama, A E Wluka
Health service planners, administrators and providers need to understand the patients' perspective of health services related to osteoporosis to optimise health outcomes. The aims of this study were to systematically identify and review the literature regarding patients' perceived health service needs relating to osteoporosis and osteopenia. A systematic scoping review was performed of publications in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO (1990-2016). Descriptive data regarding study design and methodology were extracted and risk of bias assessed...
July 31, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754502/the-impact-of-musculoskeletal-diseases-on-mortality-comparison-with-internal-diseases-a-15-year-longitudinal-study
#9
Takehiro Kasai, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Shiro Imagama, Tadahiro Sakai, Kenji Wakai, Koji Suzuki, Naoki Ishiguro
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with an increased incidence of diabetes (DM), hypertension (HT), hyperlipidemia (HL), as well as musculoskeletal disorders, such as osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP). However, the impact of musculoskeletal disorders on mortality remains unclear. This study investigated the risk of mortality if having knee OA or OP. METHODS: 601 participants (mean age 67.8 ± 5.3 years) who underwent musculoskeletal check-ups in Yakumo town were enrolled in this study, 248 were males and 353 were females...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746019/evaluation-of-a-just-in-time-nurse-consultation-on-bone-health-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Douglas W Roblin, David Zelman, Sally Plummer, Brandi E Robinson, Yiyue Lou, Stephanie W Edmonds, Fredric D Wolinsky, Kenneth G Saag, Peter Cram
CONTEXT: Evidence is inconclusive whether a nurse consultation can improve osteoporosis-related patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a nurse consultation immediately after dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) produced better osteoporosis-related outcomes than a simple intervention to activate adults in good bone health practices or usual care. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial, conducted within the larger Patient Activation After DXA Result Notification (PAADRN) trial (NCT01507662)...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739478/an-overview-of-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-vertebral-compression-fracture-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Patrícia Parreira, Chris G Maher, Rodrigo Z Megale, Lyn March, Manuela L Ferreira
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Vertebral compression fractures are the most common type of osteoporotic fracture comprising approximately 1.4 million cases worldwide. Clinical practice guidelines can be powerful tools for promoting evidence-based practice, as they integrate research findings in order to support decision-making. However, currently available clinical guidelines and recommendations, established by different medical societies, are sometimes contradictory. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to appraise the recommendations and methodological quality of international clinical guidelines for the management of VCFs...
July 21, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737638/a-bone-health-intervention-for-chinese-immigrants-in-santa-clara-county
#12
Joanne Zou, Michelle DeCoux Hampton, Kate Shade, Leonard Kaku
BACKGROUND: Among Chinese immigrants, osteoporosis is undertreated, misdiagnosed, and a leading cause of fragility fractures. In orthopaedic surgery departments, prevention education and health behavior change programs are necessary to improve their bone health. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an osteoporosis prevention education program on participants' self-efficacy with regard to exercise and nutrition when provided by an orthopaedic surgery team during an annual Chinese Health Fair in Santa Clara County, CA...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731882/the-effect-on-bone-outcomes-of-home-based-exercise-intervention-for-prostate-cancer-survivors-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Soo Hyun Kim, Do Hwan Seong, Sang Min Yoon, Young Deuk Choi, Eunju Choi, Youngkyu Song, Hosook Song
BACKGROUND: Cancer treatment-induced bone loss has important long-term effects in prostate cancer survivors (PCSs) receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), but little is known about preventive interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a 6-month home-based exercise intervention in PCSs. METHODS: In this pilot, randomized controlled trial, 51 men (mean age, 70.8 years) were randomized to a 6-month home-based exercise intervention for preventing osteoporosis group (n = 26) or an exercise placebo intervention of stretching exercise group (n = 25)...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723517/practice-patterns-compared-with-evidence-based-strategies-for-the-management-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-induced-side-effects-in-prostate-cancer-patients-results-of-a-european-web-based-survey
#14
Renée Bultijnck, Cristian Surcel, Guillaume Ploussard, Alberto Briganti, Pieter De Visschere, Jurgen Fütterer, Pirus Ghadjar, Gianluca Giannarini, Hendrik Isbarn, Christophe Massard, Prasanna Sooriakumaran, Massimo Valerio, Roderick van den Bergh, Piet Ost
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based recommendations are available for the management of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-induced side effects; however, there are no data on the implementation of the recommendations into daily practice patterns. OBJECTIVE: To compare practice patterns in the management of ADT-induced side effects with evidence-based strategies. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A European Web-based survey was conducted from January 16, 2015, to June 24, 2015...
December 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717334/osteoporosis-knowledge-among-future-healthcare-practitioners-findings-from-a-malaysian-public-university
#15
Mohamed Hassan Elnaem, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi, Muhammad Farhan Baharuddin, Muhammad Afif Johari, Nur Ashikin Binti Ab Aziz, Siti Farhanah Binti Ahmad Sabri, Nur Akmal Binti Ismail
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Students in relevant health-care academic programs are the future professionals who should play an active role in increasing community awareness regarding chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. This research aimed to evaluate the knowledge of osteoporosis, one of the growing health-care burdens in Malaysia, among students belong to three different health occupations programs in a Malaysian University. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted to assess the level of knowledge on osteoporosis and to explore the potential association between the study program and osteoporosis-related knowledge among medicine, pharmacy, and allied health sciences students in a Malaysian University...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714404/current-and-emerging-strategies-in-osteoporosis-management
#16
Stefka Ivanova, Liliya Vasileva
The abnormal loss of bone tissue is defined as osteoporosis. Increased risk of fractures, low bone mineral density (BMD) and loss of the structural and biomechanical properties of the bone tissue characterize this pathological condition. Physiologically bone undergoes a continuous remodeling process involving balance between the activity of osteoblast and osteoclast. Disruption in this balanced condition increases the risk of osteoporosis. Both sexes are affected, but with higher prevalence in women after menopause...
July 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706360/osteoporosis-prevention-and-management
#17
Muralidhar V Pai
Osteoporosis, defined by BMD at the hip or lumbar spine that is less than or equal to 2.5 standard deviations below the mean BMD of a young-adult reference population, is the most common bone disease in humans affecting both sexes and all races. It's a silent killer affecting the quality of life due to fractures and postural changes. In osteoporosis there is an imbalance between bone formation and bone resorption in favor of latter. Preventive measures and treatments are available to combat this evil. Counseling is the integral part of prevention as well as treatment of osteoporosis...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695804/effects-of-enhanced-exercise-and-combined-vitamin-d-and-calcium-supplementation-on-muscle-strength-and-fracture-risk-in-postmenopausal-chinese-women
#18
Yu Xue, Yingying Hu, Ou Wang, Chunyan Wang, Guiyan Han, Qiang Shen, Hongyue Deng, Yan Jiang, Mei Li, Weibo Xia, Xiaoping Xing, Ling Xu
Objective To observe the effects of enhanced exercise and combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation on muscular strength and fracture occurrence in postmenopausal women with a high risk of osteoporosis.Methods Totally 614 postmenopausal women at high risk factors of osteoporosis were enrolled in Dongcheng district of Beijing and randomized into four groups:group A(control group,n=173),group B(regular Tai Chi exercise,n=171),group C(calcium 600 mg/d+VitD3 800 U/d,n=139),and group D[calcium 600 mg/d+25 hydroxyl vitamin D(25OHD) 0...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688497/theory-based-osteoporosis-prevention-education-and-counseling-program-for-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Aslı Kalkım, Şafak Dağhan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of an osteoporosis prevention program based on the Health Belief Model for women between the ages of 30 years and 45 years at risk of osteoporosis. METHODS: This study was conducted with randomized control group pretest, post-test and follow-up trial. Intervention group (n = 37) and control group (n = 36) participated in the research. Data were collected using a sociodemographic data questionnaire, the Osteoporosis Knowledge Test, the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale, the Osteoporosis Self-efficacy Scale, a monitoring form for estimated dairy calcium intake, and a monitoring form for estimated weekly exercise...
June 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649630/towards-human-exploration-of-space-the-theseus-review-series-on-muscle-and-bone-research-priorities
#20
Thomas Lang, Jack J W A Van Loon, Susan Bloomfield, Laurence Vico, Angele Chopard, Joern Rittweger, Antonios Kyparos, Dieter Blottner, Ilkka Vuori, Rupert Gerzer, Peter R Cavanagh
Without effective countermeasures, the musculoskeletal system is altered by the microgravity environment of long-duration spaceflight, resulting in atrophy of bone and muscle tissue, as well as in deficits in the function of cartilage, tendons, and vertebral disks. While inflight countermeasures implemented on the International Space Station have evidenced reduction of bone and muscle loss on low-Earth orbit missions of several months in length, important knowledge gaps must be addressed in order to develop effective strategies for managing human musculoskeletal health on exploration class missions well beyond Earth orbit...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
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