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osteoporosis and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921150/bone-mineral-density-is-decreased-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Sikarin Upala, Wai Chung Yong, Anawin Sanguankeo
Previous studies have shown that fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is associated with low level of physical activity and exercise, which may lead to an increased risk of osteoporosis. However, studies of bone mineral density (BMD) in fibromyalgia have shown conflicting results. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to better characterize the association between FMS and BMD. A comprehensive search of the databases MEDLINE and EMBASE was performed from inception through May 2016. The inclusion criterion was the observational studies' assessment of the association between fibromyalgia and bone mineral density in adult subjects...
December 5, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898452/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-malnutrition-in-developing-countries
#2
Inderpaul S Sehgal, Sahajal Dhooria, Ritesh Agarwal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disorder characterized by progressive, poorly reversible airflow limitation. In addition to its pulmonary manifestations, COPD is also associated with several systemic expressions including anemia, osteoporosis, coronary artery disease, and malnutrition. In COPD, malnutrition is a consequence of reduced nutritional intake and muscle loss, further compounded by systemic inflammation. In the developing world, malnutrition is a significant problem by itself, even without any systemic illness...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889047/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-stroke-and-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-koreans-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2010
#3
Ji Eun Lee, Hye-Rim Jeon, Jung Keun Park, Kyung-Do Han, Ji-Hyun Kim, Jinnie Yoon, Seok-Won Park, Yang-Hyun Kim, Kyung-Hwan Cho
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether osteoporosis is more prevalent in elderly Korean people who have had a stroke and whether the association differs by sex. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 3806 elderly subjects (1951 men and 1855 women) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in this study. Stroke history was determined by self-administered questionnaire. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine, total hip, and neck of the femur using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885183/-osteoporosis-and-mechano-biosciences
#4
Toshio Matsumoto
Mechanical unloading due to long-term bedrest or microgravity during spaceflight causes a devastating influence on bone. Although bisphosphonates can prevent bone loss and hypercalciuria by mechanical unloading for up to 6 months, the influence of unloading for longer period of time is unknown. This is because mechanical loading is one of the most important stimuli for bone formation. Mechanical stress activates several intracellular signaling pathways. Among them, activation of stress-activated cation channel by fluid shear stress stimulates ERK-CREB signaling to enhance the expression of fos family transcription factors, which stimulates IL-11 expression in osteoblastic cells...
2016: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883324/hormone-therapy-reduces-bone-resorption-but-not-bone-formation-in-postmenopausal-athletes
#5
Suzy Y Honisett, David Pagliaro, Kathy Tangalakis, Bronwyn Kingwell, Peter Ebeling, Robyn Craven, Juliana Antonopillai, Vasso Apostolopoulos, Lily Stojanovska
INTRODUCTION: Independently, hormone therapy and exercise have well-established protective effects on bone parameters. The combined effects of hormone therapy and exercise, however, are less clear. We, therefore, examined the effects of hormone therapy on bone turnover markers in postmenopausal women undergoing regular high intensity exercise. METHODS: In a randomised, double blind study, postmenopausal athletes competing at Masters level, received either hormone therapy (50 μg transdermal oestradiol, 5 mg MPA, n = 8) or placebo (n = 7) for 20 weeks...
November 1, 2016: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866309/osteoporosis-in-patients-with-diabetes-after-kidney-transplantation
#6
REVIEW
Elvira O Gosmanova, Aidar R Gosmanov
Preexisting diabetes increases risk of fractures after kidney transplantation (KT). However, little is known about mechanisms and prevention of increased fragility in these patients. Pathophysiology of osteoporosis after KT is complex and characterized by high prevalence of adynamic bone disease. Despite high prevalence of preexisting diabetes in KT recipients, diabetes patients were underrepresented in the studies that explored mechanisms and treatments of osteoporosis after KT. Therefore, caution should be exercised before considering conventional fracture prevention strategies in this unique group of patients...
November 19, 2016: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852187/prevention-of-breast-cancer
#7
Ian N Olver
Modifiable lifestyle factors may reduce the risk of developing breast cancer. Obesity is associated particularly with post-menopausal breast cancer. Diet is important, and exercise equivalent to running for up to 8 hours each week reduces the risk of breast cancer, both in its own right and through reducing obesity. Alcohol consumption may be responsible for 5.8% of breast cancers in Australia and it is recommended to reduce this to two standard drinks per day. Drinking alcohol and smoking increases the risk for breast cancer and, therefore, it is important to quit tobacco smoking...
November 21, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851678/osteoporosis-preventive-practice-between-veteran-and-nonveteran-older-adults-findings-from-patient-reported-data
#8
Eun-Shim Nahm, Kathleen Charters, Eunhae Yoo, Linda M Keldsen, Shijun Zhu
BACKGROUND: Veterans are prone to bone-related illnesses due to multiple risk factors such as prior injuries. The aim of this study was to compare trends in osteoporosis preventive practices between veteran and nonveteran older adults. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis using selected baseline data and discussion postings from an online bone health trial including participants (N = 866) recruited from My HealtheVet (MHV) and SeniorNet (SN). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, parametric statistics, and content analysis...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848901/herb-medicines-against-osteoporosis-active-compounds-relevant-biological-mechanisms
#9
Lei Wu, Zhuoyan Ling, Xueqin Feng, Caiping Mao, Zhice Xu
Osteoporosis is one of common bone disorders, affecting millions of people worldwide. Treatments of osteoporosis consist of pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological interventions, such as mineral supplementation, lifestyle changes, and exercise programs. Due to the minimum side effects and favorable cost-effective therapeutic effects, herbal medicine has been widely applied in clinical practices for more than 2,000 years in China. Of the many traditional formulas reported for treating bone diseases, 4 single herbs namely (1) Herba Epimedii, (2) Rhizoma Drynariae, (3) Fructus Psoraleae, and (4) Cortex Eucommiae, are considered as the featured "Kidney-Yang" tonics, and frequently and effectively applied for preventing and treating osteoporosis...
November 16, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822020/validation-of-the-chinese-version-10-item-perceived-efficacy-in-patient-physician-interactions-scale-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#10
Huiwen Zhao, Wen Luo, Rose C Maly, Jun Liu, Junyi Lee, Yaning Cui
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the 10-item Perceived Efficacy in Patient-Physician Interaction (PEPPI-10) scale in hospitalized patients with severe knee osteoarthritis in the People's Republic of China. METHODS: Between January and March 2015, the Chinese versions of PEPPI, self-efficacy for exercise scale, osteoporosis self-efficacy scale, and modified fall efficacy scale were applied to assess 110 severe knee osteoarthritis patients who were hospitalized in the second ward of the department of arthroplasty surgery of Tianjin Hospital...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821574/bone-health-in-athletes-the-role-of-exercise-nutrition-and-hormones
#11
Marci A Goolsby, Nicole Boniquit
CONTEXT: The health of the skeletal system is important for athletes young and old. From the early benefits of exercise on bones to the importance of osteoporosis prevention and treatment, bone health affects the ability to be active throughout life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed articles dating from 1986 to 2016 were used for the review. Relevant terms such as keywords and section titles of the article were searched and articles identified were reviewed for relevance to this article...
November 7, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757386/effects-of-high-intensity-swimming-training-on-the-bones-of-ovariectomized-rats
#12
Taewoong Oh, Sakura Tanaka, Tatsuki Naka, Shoji Igawa
PURPOSE: This study was performed to assess the effects of high-intensity intermittent swimming training(HIT) on bone in ovariectomized rats. METHODS: Six-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to either sham operation or bilateral ovariectomy. After surgery, they were divided into the following four groups: 1) sham-operated sedentary (S), 2) sham-operated exercise training (SE), 3) OVX sedentary (O), 4) OVX exercise training (OE) 5) OVX given 17β-estradiol (OE2) and 6) OVX exercise training and given 17β-estradiol (OEE)...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747365/strong-familial-association-of-bone-mineral-density-between-parents-and-offspring-knhanes-2008-2011
#13
H S Choi, J H Park, S H Kim, S Shin, M J Park
: Bone mineral density (BMD) of offspring was significantly associated with their parents' BMD. Parental BMD Z-score ≤-1 was a significant predictor for BMD Z-score ≤-1 in their offspring. Peak bone mass acquisition during early adulthood is more substantially influenced by genetic factors rather than lifestyle or environmental factors. INTRODUCTION: A person's BMD is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. Family history of osteoporosis or fragility fracture is a well-known risk factor for low bone mass or fracture...
October 17, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738713/exercise-muscle-and-the-applied-load-bone-strength-balance
#14
L Giangregorio, R El-Kotob
A fracture occurs when the applied load is greater than the bone can withstand. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of osteoporosis include recommendations for exercise; one of the few therapies where the proposed anti-fracture mechanisms that include effects on both bone strength and applied loads, where applied loads can come in the form of a fall, externally applied loads, body weight, or muscle forces. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the clinical evidence pertaining to the potential efficacy of exercise for preventing fractures in older adults, including its direct effects on outcomes along the causal pathway to fractures (e...
October 13, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735890/resistance-training-with-dietary-intake-maintenance-increases-strength-without-altering-body-composition-in-older-women
#15
Matheus Amarante DO Nascimento, Aline M Gerage, Renata S Januário, Fábio L Pina, Luís A Gobbo, Jerry L Mayhew, Edilson S Cyrino
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the aging process tends to lead to sarcopenia and osteoporosis which reduce the quality of life in older women. Resistance training (RT) is widely supported as a means of delaying or offsetting the decline in muscle strength and loss of bone mineral content in older women. The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the effects of a 12-wk RT program (3 times a week) with dietary intake maintenance on muscle strength and body composition of healthy, sedentary older women...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733660/pilot-study-for-implementing-an-osteoporosis-education-and-exercise-program-in-an-assisted-living-facility-and-senior-community
#16
Aparna P Nanduri, Sally Fullman, Lori Morell, Steve Buyske, Mary L Wagner
BACKGROUND: Project Healthy Bones (PHB) is a 24-week, peer-led exercise and education program for older adults at risk of osteoporosis. METHOD: Residents from an assisted living and senior community program were enrolled after medical clearance. Participant demographics, geriatric fitness assessments, exercise logs, quizzes, and surveys were collected at baseline and 24 weeks. Data were analyzed using paired t tests and ANOVA of change scores for the pooled data within the R statistical environment...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721637/preventable-risk-factors-for-osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Jyoti Thulkar, Shalini Singh, Shashi Sharma, Tanmay Thulkar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The osteoporosis is becoming public health problem in India and neighboring Asian countries. As the environmental risk factors for osteoporosis in women are similar in these countries, the study was planned to compare risk factors for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women in Asian countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was done in August 2015. The period included for this search was from January 2005 to December 2014...
July 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714441/facilitators-and-barriers-to-exercise-adherence-in-patients-with-osteopenia-and-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review
#18
I B Rodrigues, J J Armstrong, J D Adachi, J C MacDermid
: The aim of this study was to categorize the facilitators and barriers of exercise and identify methods to promote exercise adherence in the osteoporosis population. Despite the fair methodological quality of included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), less than 75 % identified facilitators and barriers to exercise. Methods to promote and measure exercise adherence were poorly reported. INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown exercise to be successful in maintaining or increasing BMD in individuals with low bone mass...
October 6, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710700/long-term-effects-of-back-extensor-strengthening-exercises-on-quality-of-life-in-women-with-osteoporosis
#19
Ahmad Khalili, Minoo Heidari Almasi, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Leyla Sedighipour, Yaghoub Salek Zamani, Mohammad Reza Omid Zohoor
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term effect of back extensor strengthening exercises on health-related quality of life (QOL) in women with osteoporosis. In this randomized clinical trial, 183 women with osteoporosis were treated with pharmacotherapy and weight-bearing and balance-training exercises. The case group additionally performed back extensor exercises at home. Patients filled out the Persian version of the Short Form (SF-36) QOL questionnaire at baseline and 6 months post treatment...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688860/relationship-between-blood-mercury-concentration-and-bone-mineral-density-in-korean-men-in-the-2008-2010-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#20
Yang Hee Kim, Jae Yong Shim, Min Seok Seo, Hyung Ji Yim, Mi Ra Cho
BACKGROUND: The results of previous studies on the association between blood mercury (Hg) and bone mineral density (BMD) are inconsistent. We therefore used a large-scale nationwide representative sample of Korean men to investigate the relationship between these two parameters. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the 2008 to 2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to evaluate the relationship between blood Hg and BMD and the prevalence of osteopenia or osteoporosis in 1,190 men over 50 years of age...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
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