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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668133/helminth-eggs-as-parasitic-indicators-of-fecal-contamination-in-agricultural-irrigation-water-biosolids-soils-and-pastures
#1
María Claudia Campos, Milena Beltrán, Nancy Fuentes, Gerardo Moreno
INTRODUCTION: A very common practice in agriculture is the disposal of wastewater and biosolids from water treatment systems due to their high nutrient content, which substantially improves crop yields. However, the presence of pathogens of fecal origin creates a sanitary risk to farmers and consumers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence and concentration of helminth eggs in irrigation waters, biosolids, agricultural soils, and pastures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Water, biosolids, soil, and pasture samples were collected and analyzed for helminth egg detection, total eggs and viable eggs counts...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667575/a-cluster-of-two-human-cases-of-tick-borne-encephalitis-tbe-transmitted-by-unpasteurised-goat-milk-and-cheese-in-germany-may-2016
#2
S O Brockmann, R Oehme, T Buckenmaier, M Beer, A Jeffery-Smith, M Spannenkrebs, S Haag-Milz, C Wagner-Wiening, C Schlegel, J Fritz, S Zange, M Bestehorn, A Lindau, D Hoffmann, S Tiberi, U Mackenstedt, G Dobler
In May 2016, two cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) were confirmed by serology (positive IgM and IgG antibodies against TBE virus (TBEV) in serum), with a possible link to raw milk and cheese from a goat farm in a region in Baden-Württemberg, Germany not previously known as TBE-endemic. The outbreak investigation identified 32 consumers of goat dairy products (29 consumers, one farm employee, two owners) of whom none had IgM antibodies against TBEV 3-8 weeks after consumption. Of the 27 notified TBE cases in the State, none reported consumption of raw goat milk or cheese from the suspected farm...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666519/effect-of-composition-and-storage-time-on-some-physico-chemical-and-rheological-properties-of-probiotic-soy-cheese-spread
#3
Saroj Kumar Giri, Manoj Kumar Tripathi, Nachiket Kotwaliwale
Probiotic soy-cheese spread was prepared by fermenting soymilk with specific probiotic starter culture, and there after processing the coagulated mass. Soy cheese spread samples had more than 109  cfu/g of viable probiotic count at the time of preparation; and had around 17.6% protein, 25.3% fat and 19.8% total soluble sugar. Compared to commercially available dairy cheese spread, probiotic soy cheese spread had significantly higher protein and anti-oxidant activity. Soy cheese spreads, prepared from pure soymilk as well as by mixing with dairy milk, were studied with respect to the differences in their rheological behavior during storage at refrigerated conditions...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665814/herd-level-seroprevalence-of-fasciola-hepatica-and-ostertagia-ostertagi-infection-in-dairy-cattle-population-in-the-central-and-northeastern-poland
#4
Sławomir J Kowalczyk, Michał Czopowicz, Corinna N Weber, Elisabeth Müller, Tomasz Nalbert, Andrzej Bereznowski, Jarosław Kaba
BACKGROUND: Fasciola hepatica and Ostertagia ostertagi infections are widespread in cattle population of Europe, however data on their prevalence in Poland are only fragmentary. Therefore, the cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the herd-level seroprevalence of F. hepatica and O. ostertagi infection in dairy cattle population in the central and north-eastern provinces Poland, and to identify basic local risk factors for these infections. In total, 598 herds were enrolled, 394 (65...
April 17, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664901/genetic-profiling-of-mycobacterium-bovis-strains-from-slaughtered-cattle-in-eritrea
#5
Michael Kahsay Ghebremariam, Tiny Hlokwe, Victor P M G Rutten, Alberto Allepuz, Simeon Cadmus, Adrian Muwonge, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Anita L Michel
Mycobacterium bovis (M.bovis) is the main causative agent for bovine tuberculosis (BTB) and can also be the cause of zoonotic tuberculosis in humans. In view of its zoonotic nature, slaughterhouse surveillance, potentially resulting in total or partial condemnation of the carcasses and organs, is conducted routinely.Spoligotyping, VNTR profiling, and whole genome sequencing (WGS)ofM. bovis isolated from tissues with tuberculosis-like lesions collected from 14 cattle at Eritrea's largest slaughterhouse in the capital Asmara, were conducted...
April 17, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663981/health-behaviors-among-low-income-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women
#6
Donna M Winham, Shelly M Palmer, Traci L Armstrong Florian, Mack C Shelley
OBJECTIVES: We determined relationships between food behaviors and health-risk factors by acculturation among limited-income Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women. METHODS: Women aged 18-49 years were recruited from income-based programs in metro-Phoenix, Arizona. Self-administered surveys in English or Spanish included demographics, a 10-item food behavior checklist, health-risk factors, food security, and acculturation. Differences by 4 acculturation/ethnicity categories were assessed with chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663376/dairy-product-consumption-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-an-older-mediterranean-population-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#7
Laura Barrubés, Nancy Babio, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Estefania Toledo, Judith B Ramírez-Sabio, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, Montserrat Fitó, Fernando Arós, Miquel Fiol, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, José Vicente Sorlí, Josep Basora, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Prospective studies have reported an inverse association between the consumption of total dairy products and milk and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Nonetheless, there is little and inconsistent evidence regarding subtypes of dairy product and CRC risk. We assessed the associations between the consumption of total dairy products, their different subtypes and CRC risk in older Mediterranean individuals at high cardiovascular risk. We analyzed data from 7216 men and women (55-80 years) without CRC at baseline from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea study...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660720/environmental-impact-of-cheese-production-a-case-study-of-a-small-scale-factory-in-southern-europe-and-global-overview-of-carbon-footprint
#8
Fernando Canellada, Amanda Laca, Adriana Laca, Mario Díaz
The environmental performance of a small-scale cheese factory sited in a NW Spanish region has been analysed by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as representative of numerous cheese traditional factories that are scattered through the European Union, especially in the southern countries. Inventory data were directly obtained from this facility corresponding to one-year operation, and the main subsystems involved in cheese production were included, i.e. raw materials, water, electricity, energy, cleaning products, packaging materials, transports, solid and liquid wastes and gas emissions...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659965/a-healthy-asian-a-posteriori-dietary-pattern-correlates-with-a-priori-dietary-patterns-and-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-a-multiethnic-asian-population
#9
Clare Whitton, Salome A Rebello, Jeannette Lee, E Shyong Tai, Rob M van Dam
Background: Healthful dietary patterns are associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors in Western populations. However, a consistent healthful dietary pattern across major Asian ethnic groups has yet to be identified. Objective: We aimed to identify a posteriori dietary patterns for Chinese, Malay, and Indian ethnic groups in an urban Asian setting, compare these with a priori dietary patterns, and ascertain associations with cardiovascular disease risk factors including hypertension, obesity, and abnormal blood lipid concentrations...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659963/saturated-fats-from-butter-but-not-from-cheese-increase-hdl-mediated-cholesterol-efflux-capacity-from-j774-macrophages-in-men-and-women-with-abdominal-obesity
#10
Didier Brassard, Benoît J Arsenault, Marjorie Boyer, Daniela Bernic, Maude Tessier-Grenier, Denis Talbot, Angelo Tremblay, Emile Levy, Bela Asztalos, Peter J H Jones, Patrick Couture, Benoît Lamarche
Background: Recent evidence suggests that the association between dietary saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and coronary artery disease risk varies according to food sources. How SFAs from butter and cheese influence HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), a key process in reverse cholesterol transport, is currently unknown. Objective: In a predefined secondary analysis of a previously published trial, we have examined how diets rich in SFAs from either cheese or butter influence HDL-mediated CEC, compared with diets rich in either monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) or polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659918/association-of-dairy-intake-with-weight-change-in-adolescents-undergoing-obesity-treatment
#11
Brian H Wrotniak, Lesley Georger, Douglas L Hill, Babette S Zemel, Nicolas Stettler
Background: The role of dairy products in obesity treatment for adolescents is unclear. The study purpose was to assess the association between dairy intake and changes in BMI z-score (zBMI) during adolescent obesity treatment. Methods: Observational study nested within a randomized control trial. Linear mixed-effects regression models were adjusted for important non-lifestyle factors then further adjusted for dietary and physical activity variables. In total, 91 adolescents were studied...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659689/perspective-total-added-or-free-what-kind-of-sugars-should-we-be-talking-about
#12
David J Mela, Elizabeth M Woolner
There is consistent public guidance to limit sugars intakes. However, WHO recommendations are for "free" sugars, whereas some other guidance documents and public discussion focus on "added" sugars, and globally most food labeling states "total" sugars. Total sugars comprise all mono- and disaccharides, regardless of source, whereas both added and free sugars exclude the sugars that naturally occur in dairy products and intact fruit and vegetables. Definitions of added and free sugars differ mainly in their respective exclusion or inclusion of sugars in juiced or pureed fruit and vegetables...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659681/snacking-recommendations-worldwide-a-scoping-review
#13
Monika Potter, Antonis Vlassopoulos, Undine Lehmann
Across the globe, dietary habits include the consumption of foods and drinks between main meals. Although often described as "snacks" or "snacking," there is no scientific consensus of what constitutes a snack, either as an eating occasion or as a snack food. Nonetheless, food-based dietary guidelines, compiled at national or regional levels by governments, learned societies, and health organizations, frequently refer to snacking habits and desirable or undesirable snack food choices. This review aims to provide a comprehensive snapshot of snacking recommendations worldwide...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659523/antibacterial-efficacy-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-endometritis-caused-by-prevotella-melaninogenica-and-arcanobacterum-pyogenes-in-dairy-cattle
#14
Sangiliyandi Gurunathan, Yun-Jung Choi, Jin-Hoi Kim
Bovine postpartum diseases remain one of the most significant and highly prevalent illnesses with negative effects on the productivity, survival, and welfare of dairy cows. Antibiotics are generally considered beneficial in the treatment of endometritis; however, frequent usage of each antibiotic drug is reason for the emergence of multidrug resistance (MDR) of the pathogenic microorganisms, representing a major impediment for the successful diagnosis and management of infectious diseases in both humans and animals...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657430/detection-of-brucella-spp-in-milk-from-seronegative-cows-by-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-in-the-region-of-batna-algeria
#15
Rabehi Sabrina, Hamdi Taha Mossadak, Mamache Bakir, Meghezzi Asma, Boushaba Khaoula
Aim: The aim of this study was to detect Brucella spp. DNA in milk samples collected from seronegative cows using the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for diagnosis of brucellosis in seronegative dairy cows to prevent transmission of disease to humans and to reduce economic losses in animal production. Materials and Methods: In this study, 65 milk samples were investigated for the detection of Brucella spp. The detection of the IS711 gene in all samples was done by real-time PCR assay by comparative cycle threshold method...
March 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657426/status-of-theileriosis-among-herbivores-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Masoud Soosaraei, Mousa Motavalli Haghi, Fariborz Etemadifar, Mahdi Fakhar, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi, Shabnam Asfaram
Aim: Theileriosis is a protozoal disease caused by Theileria spp. mostly in warm-blooded vertebrates worldwide. It is one of the common tick-borne diseases among domestic animals in tropical and sub-tropical regions, which have a variety of unlikable effects on health economy and animal welfare. In the present study, the prevalence of theileriosis among domestic farm animals in Iran was systematically evaluated. Methods: To identify the related papers, 10 English and Persian databases, including PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, Medical Subject Headings, Google Scholar, Magiran, Barakatns (formerly Iranmedex), Elm net, and Scientific Information Database, were appraised for articles published throughout 1999-2017...
March 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657423/prevalence-and-characterization-of-panton-valentine-leukocidin-positive-staphylococcus-aureus-in-bovine-milk-in-jabalpur-district-of-madhya-pradesh-india
#17
Neeraj Shrivastava, Varsha Sharma, Arpita Shrivastav, Anju Nayak, Ajay Kumar Rai
Aim: The study aimed to investigate the Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-positive Staphylococcus aureus in bovine milk due to its public health significance. Materials and Methods: A total of 400 milk samples of bovines taken from different dairy farms and outlets of Jabalpur were screened for the S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). The strains were tested for the PVL gene and antimicrobial sensitivity toward 10 different classes of antimicrobial agents...
March 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657416/prevailing-practices-in-the-use-of-antibiotics-by-dairy-farmers-in-eastern-haryana-region-of-india
#18
Vikash Kumar, Jancy Gupta
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the antibiotic use in dairy animals and to trace its usage pattern among the small, medium, and large dairy farmers in Eastern Haryana region of India. Materials and Methods: Karnal and Kurukshetra districts from Eastern region of Haryana state were purposively selected, and four villages from each district were selected randomly. From each village, 21 farmers were selected using stratified random sampling by categorizing into small, medium, and large farmers constituting a total of 168 farmers as respondents...
March 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657405/immunomodulatory-effects-of-probiotics-and-prilled-fat-supplementation-on-immune-genes-expression-and-lymphocyte-proliferation-of-transition-stage-karan-fries-cows
#19
Meeti Punetha, A K Roy, H M Ajithakumar, Irshad Ahmed Para, Deepanshu Gupta, Mahendra Singh, Jaya Bharati
Background and Aim: Probiotics are the living microorganism which when administered improves the digestion and health of the animal. Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC) improves the humoral and innate immunity of the animal. Prilled fat is a hydrogenated palm oil triglyceride which has been reported to promote the release of cytokines from macrophages. The aim of the study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of probiotic and prilled fat during transition stage in Karan Fries (KF) cows...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657399/seroprevalence-of-small-ruminant-caprine-arthritis-encephalitis-lentivirus-among-goats-from-selected-small-ruminant-farms-in-selangor-malaysia
#20
Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse, Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus, Yusuf Abba, Veenosha Nehru Raju, Idris Umar Hambali, Innocent Damudu Peter, Abd Wahid Haron, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila, Jefri Mohd Norsidin
Background and Aim: Caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE) is an important viral disease of small ruminants particularly in dairy goats with severe social and economic implication. Hence, this study was designed to determine the seroprevalence of CAE virus (CAEV) among goat population in selected small ruminant farms in Selangor and the risk factors associated with the occurrence of the disease. Materials and Methods: Blood samples were collected from a total of 91 goats selected at random...
February 2018: Veterinary World
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