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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644370/adaptation-of-new-colombian-food-based-complementary-feeding-recommendations-using-linear-programming
#1
Marion Tharrey, Gilma A Olaya, Mary Fewtrell, Elaine Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: To use Linear Programming (LP) analyses to adapt New Complementary Feeding Guidelines (NCFg) designed for infants aged 6-12 month (m) living in poor socioeconomic circumstances in Bogota to ensure dietary adequacy for young children aged 12-23 m. DESIGN: A secondary data analysis was performed using dietary and anthropometric data collected from 12 m old infants (n = 72) participating in a randomised controlled trial. LP analyses were performed to identify nutrients whose requirements were difficult to achieve using local foods as consumed; and to test and compare the NCFg and alternative food-based recommendations (FBRs) on the basis of dietary adequacy, for 11 micronutrients, at the population level...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643898/identification-of-cross-reactive-b-cell-epitopes-between-bos-d-9-0101-bos-taurus-and-gly-m-5-0101-glycine-max-by-epitope-mapping-maldi-tof-ms
#2
Ángela María Candreva, Mario Ferrer-Navarro, Silvia Bronsoms, Alejandra Quiroga, Renata Curciarello, Ana Cauerhff, Silvana Petruccelli, Guillermo Horacio Docena, Sebastián Alejandro Trejo
Exposure to cow's milk constitutes one of the most common causes of food allergy. In addition, exposure to soy proteins has become relevant in a restricted proportion of milk allergic pediatric patients treated with soy formulae as a dairy substitute, because of the cross-allergenicity described between soy and milk proteins . We have previously identified several cross-reactive allergens between milk and soy that may explain this intolerance. The purpose of the present work was to identify epitopes in the purified αS1-casein and the recombinant soy allergen Gly m 5...
June 23, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643627/bifidobacteria-and-their-health-promoting-effects
#3
Claudio Hidalgo-Cantabrana, Susana Delgado, Lorena Ruiz, Patricia Ruas-Madiedo, Borja Sánchez, Abelardo Margolles
Bifidobacteria are members of the intestinal microbiota of mammals and other animals, and some strains are able to exert health-promoting effects. The genus Bifidobacterium belongs to the Actinobacteria phylum. Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Actinobacteria constitute the most abundant phyla in the human intestinal microbiota, Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes being predominant in adults, and Actinobacteria in breast-fed infants, where bifidobacteria can reach levels higher than 90% of the total bacterial population...
June 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643621/linoleic-acid-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-and-enterolactone-affect-lipid-oxidation-and-expression-of-lipid-metabolism-and-antioxidant-related-genes-in-hepatic-tissue-of-dairy-cows
#4
Émilie Fortin, Richard Blouin, Jérôme Lapointe, Hélène V Petit, Marie-France Palin
Although beneficial effects have been attributed to PUFA supplementation in high-yielding dairy cows, diets rich in PUFA may also increase oxidative stress in tissues such as the liver. To fully exploit the health benefits of PUFA, we believe that the addition of natural antioxidants could help in preventing oxidative damage. Using an in vitro precision-cut liver slices (PCLS) tissue culture system, we investigated the effects of different linoleic acid (LA, n-6):α-linolenic acid (ALA, n-3) ratios (LA:ALA ratio of 4, LA:ALA ratio of 15 and LA:ALA ratio of 25) in the presence or absence of the antioxidant enterolactone (ENL) on (1) the mRNA abundance of genes with key roles in hepatic lipid metabolism, oxidative stress response and inflammatory processes, (2) oxidative damages to lipids and proteins and (3) superoxide dismutase activity in early-lactating dairy cows...
May 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643617/preselection-statistics-and-random-forest-classification-identify-population-informative-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-cosmopolitan-and-autochthonous-cattle-breeds
#5
F Bertolini, G Galimberti, G Schiavo, S Mastrangelo, R Di Gerlando, M G Strillacci, A Bagnato, B Portolano, L Fontanesi
Commercial single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays have been recently developed for several species and can be used to identify informative markers to differentiate breeds or populations for several downstream applications. To identify the most discriminating genetic markers among thousands of genotyped SNPs, a few statistical approaches have been proposed. In this work, we compared several methods of SNPs preselection (Delta, F st and principal component analyses (PCA)) in addition to Random Forest classifications to analyse SNP data from six dairy cattle breeds, including cosmopolitan (Holstein, Brown and Simmental) and autochthonous Italian breeds raised in two different regions and subjected to limited or no breeding programmes (Cinisara, Modicana, raised only in Sicily and Reggiana, raised only in Emilia Romagna)...
June 23, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643226/capsular-polysaccharides-of-lactobacillus-spp-theoretical-and-practical-aspects-of-simple-visualization-methods
#6
Magdalena Oleksy, Elżbieta Klewicka
Lactobacillus strains can synthesize capsular polysaccharides (CPS), which are important substances in the dairy industry-they exhibit many important technological as well as health-promoting properties. Technological advancements have made it possible to detect bacterial capsules using costly and labor-intensive methods, such as serological reactions, molecular genetic techniques, and electron microscopy. Light microscopy, which is the method of interest in this paper, is one of the most widely accessible and cheapest techniques...
June 22, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642876/magnetic-separation-methods-for-the-detection-of-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis-in-various-types-of-matrices-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Marketa Husakova, Radka Dziedzinska, Iva Slana
The main reasons to improve the detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) are animal health and monitoring of MAP entering the food chain via meat, milk, and/or dairy products. Different approaches can be used for the detection of MAP, but the use of magnetic separation especially in conjunction with PCR as an end-point detection method has risen in past years. However, the extraction of DNA which is a crucial step prior to PCR detection can be complicated due to the presence of inhibitory substances...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640328/-validity-and-reproducibility-of-an-internet-based-questionnaire-web-caafe-to-evaluate-the-food-consumption-of-students-aged-7-to-15-years
#8
Gilmar Mercês de Jesus, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Emil Kupek
The study evaluated the validity and reproducibility of the food consumption section of the questionnaire Food Intake and Physical Activity of School Children (Web-CAAFE), an Internet-based software for the qualitative measurement of food consumption by recalling the previous day. A total of 390 students in grades 2 to 5 (7 to 15 years) of a semi-integral public school participated in the study. The validity was tested by comparing the report in the Web-CAAFE and the direct observation of food consumed in the school in the previous day...
June 5, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638993/discrepancy-in-socioeconomic-status-does-not-fully-explain-the-variation-in-diet-quality-between-consumers-of-different-coffee-types
#9
Tommy Hon Ting Wong, Zhixian Sui, Anna Rangan, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie
PURPOSE: Habitual consumers of different coffee types may vary in socioeconomic status (SES), which is an important determinant of diet quality. Nonetheless, research on diet quality among coffee consumers was scarce. We aimed to compare the diet quality of coffee consumers with different preferences towards coffee type and additive usage. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, intake data of food, coffee, and additive usage from the adult respondents of the 2011-2012 Australian Health Survey were used...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638093/fatty-acid-composition-and-phospholipid-types-used-in-infant-formulas-modifies-the-establishment-of-human-gut-bacteria-in-germ-free-mice
#10
Rikke Guldhammer Nejrup, Tine Rask Licht, Lars Ingvar Hellgren
Human milk fat contains high concentrations of medium-chained fatty acids (MCFA) and triacylglycerols emulsified by a sphingomyelin-rich phospholipid membrane (milk phospholipids, MPL). Infant formula comprises mainly long-chained fatty acids (LCFA) emulsified with dairy proteins and soy lecithin (SL) lacking sphingomyelin. Sphingomyelin content and saturation level of phospholipids affect the gut lipase activity, which alters the concentrations of lipid hydrolysis products in ileum and colon, and hereby putatively affects the competitive advantage of specific gut bacteria...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637532/estimating-the-economic-impact-of-subclinical-ketosis-in-dairy-cattle-using-a-dynamic-stochastic-simulation-model
#11
P F Mostert, E A M Bokkers, C E van Middelaar, H Hogeveen, I J M de Boer
The objective of this study was to estimate the economic impact of subclinical ketosis (SCK) in dairy cows. This metabolic disorder occurs in the period around calving and is associated with an increased risk of other diseases. Therefore, SCK affects farm productivity and profitability. Estimating the economic impact of SCK may make farmers more aware of this problem, and can improve their decision-making regarding interventions to reduce SCK. We developed a dynamic stochastic simulation model that enables estimating the economic impact of SCK and related diseases (i...
June 22, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637531/minimising-generation-of-acid-whey-during-greek-yoghurt-manufacturing
#12
Gangani Uduwerella, Jayani Chandrapala, Todor Vasiljevic
Greek yoghurt, a popular dairy product, generates large amounts of acid whey as a by-product during manufacturing. Post-processing treatment of this stream presents one of the main concerns for the industry. The objective of this study was to manipulate initial milk total solids content (15, 20 or 23 g/100 g) by addition of milk protein concentrate, thus reducing whey expulsion. Such an adjustment was investigated from the technological standpoint including starter culture performance, chemical and physical properties of manufactured Greek yoghurt and generated acid whey...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637516/feeding-heat-oxidized-oil-to-dairy-cows-affects-milk-fat-nutritional-quality
#13
M Kaleem, F Enjalbert, Y Farizon, A Meynadier
Heating oil and oilseeds results in oxidation products that affect ruminal biohydrogenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, altering milk fatty acids profile, and could be transferred to milk. An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of oil heating on rumen and milk fatty acids profile and the transfer of oxidation products to milk. Sunflower oil was heated at 150°C for 15 h and given to lactating dairy cows in a 2×2 arrangement: two groups of two cows, equipped with a ruminal cannula and receiving two diets (containing either heated or unheated oil) during two experimental periods...
June 22, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637427/aging-and-obesity-are-associated-with-undiagnosed-hypertension-in-a-cohort-of-males-in-the-central-province-of-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#14
N W I A Jayawardana, W A T A Jayalath, W M T Madhujith, U Ralapanawa, R S Jayasekera, S A S B Alagiyawanna, A M K R Bandara, N S Kalupahana
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors associated with hypertension (HT) in South Asian populations are relatively unknown. The objective of the current study was to investigate the prevalence rates of undiagnosed HT and factors associated with it in a cohort of males from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: The study group consisted of 2462 males (mean age 31 years, range: 16-72 years) who underwent a routine medical examination at the National Transport Medical Institute, Kandy, Sri Lanka...
June 21, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637384/long-term-effects-of-high-protein-diets-on-renal-function
#15
Anne-Lise Kamper, Svend Strandgaard
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a prevalence of approximately 13% and is most frequently caused by diabetes and hypertension. In population studies, CKD etiology is often uncertain. Some experimental and observational human studies have suggested that high-protein intake may increase CKD progression and even cause CKD in healthy people. The protein source may be important. Daily red meat consumption over years may increase CKD risk, whereas white meat and dairy proteins appear to have no such effect, and fruit and vegetable proteins may be renal protective...
June 21, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637371/association-between-dietary-patterns-and-serum-adiponectin-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-japanese-population
#16
Tirani Bahari, Hirokazu Uemura, Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano, Miwa Yamaguchi, Mariko Nakamoto, Keisuke Miki, Fusakazu Sawachika, Kokichi Arisawa
The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between dietary pattern, adiponectin and insulin resistance. The study population consisted of 612 men and women aged 35-69 years old who had participated in the baseline survey of Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study in Tokushima Prefecture. Diets and lifestyle related variables were assessed by questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses were used to analyse the relations between dietary patterns and high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636460/evaluation-of-bovine-high-density-snp-genotyping-array-in-indigenous-dairy-cattle-breeds
#17
S Dash, A Singh, A K Bhatia, S Jayakumar, A Sharma, S Singh, I Ganguly, S P Dixit
In total 52 samples of Sahiwal ( 19 ), Tharparkar ( 17 ), and Gir ( 16 ) were genotyped by using BovineHD SNP chip to analyze minor allele frequency (MAF), genetic diversity, and linkage disequilibrium among these cattle. The common SNPs of BovineHD and 54K SNP Chips were also extracted and evaluated for their performance. Only 40%-50% SNPs of these arrays was found informative for genetic analysis in these cattle breeds. The overall mean of MAF for SNPs of BovineHD SNPChip was 0.248 ± 0.006, 0.241 ± 0...
June 21, 2017: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635680/saturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-replacements-for-saturated-fat-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk
#18
REVIEW
Michelle A Briggs, Kristina S Petersen, Penny M Kris-Etherton
Dietary recommendations to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) have focused on reducing intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA) for more than 50 years. While the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advise substituting both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids for SFA, evidence supports other nutrient substitutions that will also reduce CVD risk. For example, replacing SFA with whole grains, but not refined carbohydrates, reduces CVD risk. Replacing SFA with protein, especially plant protein, may also reduce CVD risk...
June 21, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635647/virulence-genes-of-s-aureus-from-dairy-cow-mastitis-and-contagiousness-risk
#19
Giada Magro, Stefano Biffani, Giulietta Minozzi, Ralf Ehricht, Stefan Monecke, Mario Luini, Renata Piccinini
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a major agent of dairy cow intramammary infections: the different prevalences of mastitis reported might be related to a combination of S. aureus virulence factors beyond host factors. The present study considered 169 isolates from different Italian dairy herds that were classified into four groups based on the prevalence of S. aureus infection at the first testing: low prevalence (LP), medium-low (MLP), medium-high (MHP) and high (HP). We aimed to correlate the presence of virulence genes with the prevalence of intramammary infections in order to develop new strategies for the control of S...
June 21, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634891/a-scoping-review-of-the-public-health-impact-of-vitamin-d-fortified-dairy-products-for-fracture-prevention
#20
REVIEW
Mickael Hiligsmann, Audrey Neuprez, Fanny Buckinx, Médéa Locquet, Jean-Yves Reginster
PURPOSE: Dairy products are rich in nutrients that positively influence bone health and hence fracture risk, and have therefore been recommended and used for fracture prevention. To help decision makers to efficiently allocate scare resources, it is further important to assess the public health and economic impact of any health intervention. In recent years, several studies have been conducted to estimate the public health and/or economic impact of dairy products but no overview is currently available...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
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