keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dairy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340360/the-influence-of-carbohydrate-consumption-on-glycemic-control-in-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#1
Björg Ásbjörnsdóttir, Cecelia E Akueson, Helle Ronneby, Ane Rytter, Jens R Andersen, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen
AIMS: To study the influence of the quantity and the quality of carbohydrate consumption on glycemic control in early pregnancy among women with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A retrospective study of 107 women with type 1 diabetes who completed 1-3days of diet recording before first antenatal visit, as a part of routine care. The total daily carbohydrate consumption from the major sources (e.g. bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, dairy products, fruits, candy) was calculated...
December 23, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340261/effect-of-a-high-concentrate-diet-on-milk-components-and-mammary-health-in-holstein-dairy-cows
#2
Z L Xie, J Zhang, D M Zhang, J F Li, Y H Lin
In order to evaluate the milk yield, milk quality, and health of dairy cows fed a high-concentrate (HC) diet, eight lactating Holstein dairy cattle were randomly assigned to HC or low-concentrate (LC) diet groups and fed for 50 days, and the auto-control studying before and after treatment with the two diets was used. During the experiment, plasma and milk samples were collected and measured. With regard to milk component, HC feeding led to higher milk production (P < 0.05), but significantly lower milk protein percentage (P < 0...
March 22, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339536/successful-nutrition-policy-improvement-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-status-in-finnish-adults-over-the-last-decade
#3
Susanna Raulio, Iris Erlund, Satu Männistö, Sirpa Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, Jouko Sundvall, Heli Tapanainen, Erkki Vartiainen, Suvi M Virtanen
Due to vitamin D intake below recommendation (10 µg/day) and low (<50 nmol/l) serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D) concentration in Finnish population, the fortification of liquid dairy products with 0.5 µg vitamin D/100 g and fat spreads with 10 µg/100 g started in Finland in December 2002. In 2010, the fortification recommendation was doubled. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the vitamin D intake and status have improved among Finnish adults as a consequence of these nutrition policy actions...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339484/a-high-throughput-qpcr-system-for-simultaneous-quantitative-detection-of-dairy-lactococcus-lactis-and-leuconostoc-bacteriophages
#4
Musemma K Muhammed, Lukasz Krych, Dennis S Nielsen, Finn K Vogensen
Simultaneous quantitative detection of Lactococcus (Lc.) lactis and Leuconostoc species bacteriophages (phages) has not been reported in dairies using undefined mixed-strain DL-starters, probably due to the lack of applicable methods. We optimized a high-throughput qPCR system that allows simultaneous quantitative detection of Lc. lactis 936 (now SK1virus), P335, c2 (now C2virus) and Leuconostoc phage groups. Component assays are designed to have high efficiencies and nearly the same dynamic detection ranges, i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339328/mercaptopurine-ingestion-habits-red-cell-thioguanine-nucleotide-levels-and-relapse-risk-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group-study-aall03n1
#5
Wendy Landier, Lindsey Hageman, Yanjun Chen, Nancy Kornegay, William E Evans, Bruce C Bostrom, Jacqueline Casillas, David S Dickens, Anne L Angiolillo, Glen Lew, Kelly W Maloney, Leo Mascarenhas, A Kim Ritchey, Amanda M Termuhlen, William L Carroll, Mary V Relling, F Lennie Wong, Smita Bhatia
Purpose Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are generally instructed to take mercaptopurine (6-MP) in the evening and without food or dairy products. This study examines the association between 6-MP ingestion habits and 6-MP adherence, red cell thioguanine nucleotide (TGN) levels, and risk of relapse in children with TMPT wild-type genotype. Methods Participants included 441 children with ALL receiving oral 6-MP for maintenance. Adherence was monitored over 48,086 patient-days using the Medication Event Monitoring System; nonadherence was defined as adherence rate < 95%...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339214/muscle-protein-signaling-in-c2c12-cells-is-stimulated-to-a-similar-degree-by-diverse-commercial-food-protein-sources-and-experimental-soy-protein-hydrolysates
#6
David A Roeseler, Nancy J McGraw, Dustie N Butteiger, Naina Shah, Janine Hall-Porter, Ratna Mukherjea, Elaine Susan Krul
Dietary protein stimulates muscle protein synthesis and is essential for muscle health. We developed a screening assay using C2C12 mouse muscle cells to assess the relative abilities of diverse commercial proteins sources and experimental soy protein hydrolysates (ESH), after simulated gut digestion (SGD), to activate the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex I (mTORC1) muscle protein synthesis signaling pathway (p70S6K(Thr389) phosphorylation). Activation of mTORC1 was expressed as a percentage of a maximal insulin response...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339058/toenail-selenium-as-an-indicator-of-environmental-exposure-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Tommaso Filippini, Angela Ferrari, Bernhard Michalke, Peter Grill, Luciano Vescovi, Chiara Salvia, Carlotta Malagoli, Marcella Malavolti, Sabina Sieri, Vittorio Krogh, Annalisa Bargellini, Antonio Martino, Margherita Ferrante, Marco Vinceti
The relation between toxicity and essentiality of selenium (Se) is of growing interest in human health, as the effects may widely differ depending of its different chemical species and the exposure levels. Toenail Se has been proposed as a reliable biomarker of long-term Se exposure, but few studies investigated the correlation between its toenail content and environmental determinants (i.e., dietary food intake). We aimed to determine the relation of toenail Se levels with serum Se species as well as food items...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337578/evolution-of-the-corpus-luteum-volume-determined-ultrasonographically-and-its-relation-to-the-plasma-progesterone-concentration-after-artificial-insemination-in-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-dairy-cows
#8
C Gómez-Seco, B Alegre, F Martínez-Pastor, J G Prieto, J R González-Montaña, M E Alonso, J C Domínguez
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of the evolution of the corpus luteum (CL) volume that was determined ultrasonographically with the pregnancy status in lactating dairy cows during early pregnancy. Ultrasound examinations were carried out on 76 cows following artificial insemination (AI). Plasma concentrations of progesterone were determined from blood samples collected at each ultrasound examination. Conception was confirmed by ultrasonography on day 30 after AI. Around day 14 post-insemination (p...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337185/food-like-growth-conditions-support-production-of-active-vitamin-b12-by-propionibacterium-freudenreichii-2067-without-dmbi-the-lower-ligand-base-or-cobalt-supplementation
#9
Paulina Deptula, Bhawani Chamlagain, Minnamari Edelmann, Panchanit Sangsuwan, Tuula A Nyman, Kirsi Savijoki, Vieno Piironen, Pekka Varmanen
Propionibacterium freudenreichii is a traditional dairy bacterium and a producer of short chain fatty acids (propionic and acetic acids) as well as vitamin B12. In food applications, it is a promising organism for in situ fortification with B12 vitamin since it is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and it is able to synthesize biologically active form of the vitamin. In the present study, vitamin B12 and pseudovitamin biosynthesis by P. freudenreichii was monitored by UHPLC as a function of growth in food-like conditions using a medium mimicking cheese environment, without cobalt or 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole (DMBI) supplementation...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337182/new-insights-into-the-anti-pathogenic-potential-of-lactococcus-garvieae-against-staphylococcus-aureus-based-on-rna-sequencing-profiling
#10
Pierre Delpech, Etienne Rifa, Graham Ball, Sabine Nidelet, Emeric Dubois, Geneviève Gagne, Marie-Christine Montel, Céline Delbès, Stéphanie Bornes
The bio-preservation potential of Lactococcus garvieae lies in its capacity to inhibit the growth of staphylococci, especially Staphylococcus aureus, in dairy products and in vitro. In vitro, inhibition is modulated by the level of aeration, owing to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production by L. garvieae under aeration. The S. aureus response to this inhibition has already been studied. However, the molecular mechanisms of L. garvieae underlying the antagonism against S. aureus have never been explored. This study provides evidence of the presence of another extracellular inhibition effector in vitro...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337181/comparative-genomic-analysis-reveals-ecological-differentiation-in-the-genus-carnobacterium
#11
Christelle F Iskandar, Frédéric Borges, Bernard Taminiau, Georges Daube, Monique Zagorec, Benoît Remenant, Jørgen J Leisner, Martin A Hansen, Søren J Sørensen, Cécile Mangavel, Catherine Cailliez-Grimal, Anne-Marie Revol-Junelles
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) differ in their ability to colonize food and animal-associated habitats: while some species are specialized and colonize a limited number of habitats, other are generalist and are able to colonize multiple animal-linked habitats. In the current study, Carnobacterium was used as a model genus to elucidate the genetic basis of these colonization differences. Analyses of 16S rRNA gene meta-barcoding data showed that C. maltaromaticum followed by C. divergens are the most prevalent species in foods derived from animals (meat, fish, dairy products), and in the gut...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336692/sharing-expertise-on-all-aspects-of-small-ruminant-dairying
#12
(no author information available yet)
Delegates from across the UK, Europe and the USA gathered in Bristol last month to hear world leaders in the field of small ruminant dairy medicine and production discuss matters such as milk quality, disease control and feeding at the second annual Dairy Sheep and Goat Conference. Anthony Wilkinson, one of the conference organisers, gives a flavour of proceedings.
March 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336169/-evaluation-of-school-menu-food-balance-in-the-autonomous-community-of-valencia-spain-by-means-of-a-questionnaire
#13
Cristóbal Llorens-Ivorra, Ilona Arroyo-Bañuls, Joan Quiles-Izquierdo, Miguel Richart-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate school menu food balance in the Autonomous Community of Valencia (Spain) by means of a questionnaire. METHOD: Observational cross-section study. For convenience it shows of 255 monthly school menus (20 days each). INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: size of the city the school is in, province, location (coast vs. inland), ownership (public vs. private), design of the menu (company vs. school) and month (May vs. October). The 17-item EQ-MEs questionnaire was used as a tool to measure balance...
March 20, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335726/analysis-of-hepatic-transcript-profile-and-plasma-lipid-profile-in-early-lactating-dairy-cows-fed-grape-seed-and-grape-marc-meal-extract
#14
Denise K Gessner, Anne Winkler, Christian Koch, Georg Dusel, Gerhard Liebisch, Robert Ringseis, Klaus Eder
BACKGROUND: It was recently reported that dairy cows fed a polyphenol-rich grape seed and grape marc meal extract (GSGME) during the transition period had an increased milk yield, but the underlying reasons remained unclear. As polyphenols exert a broad spectrum of metabolic effects, we hypothesized that feeding of GSGME influences metabolic pathways in the liver which could account for the positive effects of GSGME in dairy cows. In order to identify these pathways, we performed genome-wide transcript profiling in the liver and lipid profiling in plasma of dairy cows fed GSGME during the transition period at 1 week postpartum...
March 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335483/land-use-for-edible-protein-of-animal-origin-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Gerhard Flachowsky, Ulrich Meyer, Karl-Heinz Südekum
The present period is characterized by a growing world population and a higher demand for more and better quality food, as well as other products for an improved standard of living. In the future, there will be increasingly strong competition for arable land and non-renewable resources such as fossil carbon-sources, water, and some minerals, as well as between food, feed, fuel, fiber, flowers, and fun (6 F's). Proteins of animal origin like milk, meat, fish, eggs and, probably, insects are very valuable sources of essential amino acids, minerals and vitamins, but their production consumes some non-renewable resources including arable land and causes considerable emissions...
March 18, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335441/dietary-intake-of-individual-free-and-intrinsic-sugars-and-food-sources-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study
#16
Emma Ruiz, Paula Rodriguez, Teresa Valero, José M Ávila, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
The consumption of total and individual sugars is controversial and little is known about consumption and dietary sources in Spain. The purpose was to examine free and intrinsic sugar intake and food and beverage sources. The ANIBES Study (Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 years old; n = 2009) carried out in 2013, was used. Food and beverage records were obtained by a three-day dietary record by using a tablet device...
March 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335373/dietary-patterns-and-insomnia-symptoms-in-chinese-adults-the-china-kadoorie-biobank
#17
Canqing Yu, Zumin Shi, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Huaidong Du, Yiping Chen, Ran Tao, Ying Huang, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Liming Li
Limited attention has been paid to the effect of dietary patterns on sleep problems. In the present study, we analyzed the cross-sectional data of 481,242 adults aged 30-79 years from the China Kadoorie Biobank. A laptop-based questionnaire was administered to collect information on food intakes and insomnia symptoms. Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios of each insomnia symptom according to quartiles of each dietary pattern, with adjustment for potential confounders. Two major dietary patterns were derived by factor analysis...
March 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335093/carbohydrate-and-lipid-spectroscopic-molecular-structures-of-different-alfalfa-hay-and-their-relationship-with-nutrient-availability-in-ruminants
#18
Mojtaba Yari, Reza Valizadeh, Abbas Ali Naserian, Arjan Jonker, Peiqiang Yu
Objective: This study was conducted to determine molecular structures related to carbohydrates and lipid in alfalfa hay cut at early bud, late bud and early flower and in the afternoon and next morning using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT/IR) and to determine their relationship with alfalfa hay nutrient profile and availability in ruminants. Methods: Chemical composition analysis, carbohydrate fractionation, in situ ruminal degradability and DVE/OEB model were used to measure nutrient profile and availability of alfalfa hay...
March 21, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335085/modifications-in-dietary-and-alcohol-intakes-between-before-and-after-cancer-diagnosis-results-from-the-prospective-population-based-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#19
Philippine Fassier, Laurent Zelek, Lucie Lécuyer, Patrick Bachmann, Marina Touillaud, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Pilar Galan, Patrice Cohen, Hélène Hoarau, Paule Latino-Martel, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Julia Baudry, Serge Hercberg, Mélanie Deschasaux, Mathilde Touvier
Post-diagnosis diet and alcohol consumption may be associated with cancer prognosis, recurrence and mortality. Our aim was to investigate food, nutrient and alcohol intake variations between before and after cancer diagnosis and their determinants in a prospective cohort. Subjects (n=696) were incident cancer cases diagnosed in the NutriNet-Santé cohort between 2009 and 2016. Food, nutrient and alcohol intakes were prospectively collected using repeated non-consecutive 24-h dietary records since subjects' inclusion (i...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333975/is-the-number-of-siblings-associated-with-dietary-patterns-in-adolescents-the-1993-birth-cohort-of-pelotas-brazil
#20
F O Meller, M C F Assunção, A A Schäfer, C Loret de Mola, D L Dahly, J S Vaz, F C Barros
Our study aimed to estimate the association between number of siblings and dietary patterns in adolescents. Prospective longitudinal study was developed using data from the birth cohort of the city of Pelotas, Brazil, which included 5249 participants. At the 18-year-old follow-up, from 4563 individuals located, 4106 were interviewed (follow-up rate 81.3%). Of these, 3751 were included in our principal component analysis of dietary patterns. Regular dietary intake of 45 food groups over the previous year was measured with a food frequency questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
10063
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"