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osteoporosis and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044768/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-and-low-bone-mass-among-puerto-rican-older-adults
#1
Sabrina E Noel, Kelsey M Mangano, John L Griffith, Nicole C Wright, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Katherine L Tucker
Historically, osteoporosis has not been considered a public health priority for the Hispanic population. However, recent data indicate that Mexican Americans are at increased risk for this chronic condition. Although it is well established that there is heterogeneity in social, lifestyle, and health-related factors among Hispanic subgroups, there are currently few studies on bone health among Hispanic subgroups other than Mexican Americans. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass (LBM) among 953 Puerto Rican adults, aged 47 to 79 yr and living on the U...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030560/risk-of-sarcopenia-and-osteoporosis-in-male-tuberculosis-survivors-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#2
Chang-Jin Choi, Whan-Seok Choi, Churl-Min Kim, Sook-Young Lee, Kyung-Soo Kim
Short-term prospective studies have suggested that pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) preludes permanent loss of lean tissue and fat mass even when TB treatment is effective. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of sarcopenia and osteoporosis among Korean male TB survivors. Data of the population-based, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) (2008-2011) were analyzed, including 3,228 males aged 50 years or older who underwent chest X-ray (CXR) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027270/the-yerba-mate-intake-has-a-neutral-effect-on-bone-a-case-control-study-in-postmenopausal-women
#3
Denise T A da Veiga, Raísa Bringhenti, Aline A Bolignon, Etiane Tatsh, Rafael N Moresco, Fabio V Comim, Melissa O Premaor
Nutritional factors have been associated with osteoporosis and fractures. The intake of coffee may increase the risk of fracture whereas the intake of black and green tea is associated with its reduction. Recently, consumption of yerba mate was associated with increased bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Nonetheless, its influence on fracture is not known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of yerba mate tea intake on fractures, bone markers, calcium homeostasis, and oxidative stress in postmenopausal women...
October 13, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987632/moderate-hyperhomocysteinemia-induced-by-short-term-dietary-methionine-overload-alters-bone-microarchitecture-and-collagen-features-during-growth
#4
Petar Milovanovic, Dragan Hrncic, Ksenija Radotic, Mira Stankovic, Dragosav Mutavdzic, Danijela Djonic, Aleksandra Rasic-Markovic, Dragan Djuric, Olivera Stanojlovic, Marija Djuric
AIMS: In general, hyperhomocysteinemia is increasingly appreciated as a risk factor for various diseases, including osteoporosis. However, its effects in non-adults remain largely unknown. Our aim was to determine whether dietary-caused increased homocysteine levels have deleterious effects on bone structure during growth. MAIN METHODS: We developed a model of moderate hyperhomocysteinemia caused by short-term methionine nutritional overload in growing rats. 30-days-old male Wistar albino rats were randomly assigned to either experimental group subject to a 30-days hypermethionine diet or control group...
October 4, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972872/bone-mass-assessment-in-a-cohort-of-adults-with-down-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ramón Costa, Rosa De Miguel, Clara García, Diego Real de Asúa, Santos Castañeda, Fernando Moldenhauer, Carmen Suárez
Differences in bone mineral density (BMD) have been observed between adults with Down syndrome (DS) and the general population. The purpose of this article is to describe the prevalence of bone mass disorders in a cohort of adults with DS and their predisposing factors. We performed a cross-sectional study of 104 consecutively recruited adults with DS from an outpatient clinic of a tertiary care hospital in Madrid, Spain. We recorded epidemiological and anthropometric data, nutritional variables, coexisting clinical conditions, and laboratory variables...
October 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955692/association-between-hemoglobin-level-and-bone-mineral-density-in-korean-adults
#6
Yun Hwan Oh, Ji Hyun Moon, Belong Cho
BACKGROUND: Low bone mineral density (BMD) increases fracture risk. Anemia is highly prevalent. Some studies suggested that anemia is an independent risk factor for osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between hemoglobin (Hb) level and BMD in Korean adults. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008 to 2011. Propensity score-matching was performed to establish a dataset for analysis...
August 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932373/cohort-profile-update-the-amirkola-health-and-ageing-project-ahap
#7
Ali Bijani, Reza Ghadimi, Ebrahim Mikaniki, Farzan Kheirkhah, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mina Motallebnejad, Haleh Esmaili, Fatemeh Majidi, Robert Graham Cumming, Seyed Reza Hosseini
The original cohort study of AHAP started in 2011 on 1616 elderly residents of Amirkola, northern part of Iran near the Caspian Sea. The main goal of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the health of the elderly in the region with the emphasis on chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. The first cohort profile was published in the International Journal of Epidemiology in 2014. The phase 1 AHAP showed the elevated level of some diseases and conditions including osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, obesity, vision problems and relatively low levels of oral health...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931495/a-review-of-sarcopenia-enhancing-awareness-of-an-increasingly-prevalent-disease
#8
REVIEW
Eric Marty, Yi Liu, Andre Samuel, Omer Or, Joseph Lane
Sarcopenia is defined as an age associated decline in skeletal muscle mass. The pathophysiology of sarcopenia is multifactorial, with decreased caloric intake, muscle fiber denervation, intracellular oxidative stress, hormonal decline, and enhanced myostatin signaling all thought to contribute. Prevalence rates are as high as 29% and 33% in elderly community dwelling and long-term care populations, respectively, with advanced age, low body mass index, and low physical activity as significant risk factors. Sarcopenia shares many characteristics with other disease states typically associated with risk of fall and fracture, including osteoporosis, frailty, and obesity...
September 18, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930173/polyphenols-from-root-tubercles-and-grains-cropped-in-brazil-chemical-and-nutritional-characterization-and-their-effects-on-human-health-and-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Diego Dos Santos Baião, Cyntia Silva de Freitas, Laidson Paes Gomes, Davi da Silva, Anna Carolina N T F Correa, Patricia Ribeiro Pereira, Eduardo Mere Del Aguila, Vania Margaret Flosi Paschoalin
Throughout evolution, plants have developed the ability to produce secondary phenolic metabolites, which are important for their interactions with the environment, reproductive strategies and defense mechanisms. These (poly)phenolic compounds are a heterogeneous group of natural antioxidants found in vegetables, cereals and leguminous that exert beneficial and protective actions on human health, playing roles such as enzymatic reaction inhibitors and cofactors, toxic chemicals scavengers and biochemical reaction substrates, increasing the absorption of essential nutrients and selectively inhibiting deleterious intestinal bacteria...
September 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912388/-osteoporosis-liaison-service-and-nutrition-counseling-and-education
#10
Noriko Tsukahara
Nutritional counseling as part of the Osteoporosis Liaison Service(OLS)should provide active nutritional counseling and lifestyle guidance by referring to the detailed methods for conducting "nutritional status assessments", an item of OLS-7, a detailed activity outcome measure of the OLS. After conducting adequate nutritional assessments, the goals for each stage of behavior change should be established, aiming to set roughly one goal for a specified period of time and increasing the goals once improvements have been made...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912387/-osteoporosis-liaison-service-and-exercise-regimens-based-on-locomotive-syndrome
#11
Hideaki Ishibashi
The purpose of Osteoporosis Liaison Service(OLS)is primary and secondary prevention of osteoporosis and fragility fracture by multiple medical occupations. Exercise instruction and exercise intervention are important factors in OLS. Exercise has effects of increasing bone density and preventing falls. In OLS, it is also necessary to disseminate knowledge on osteoporosis and fractures to the public. Main measures against locomotive syndrome(LS), meaning weakening of ambulatory ability, are exercise and nutrition, and the LS prevention campaign is thought to lead to prevention of falls...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870486/effect-of-1-y-oral-supplementation-with-vitaminized-olive-oil-on-platelets-from-healthy-postmenopausal-women
#12
Arianna Vignini, Laura Nanetti, Francesca Raffaelli, Jacopo Sabbatinelli, Eleonora Salvolini, Veronica Quagliarini, Nelvio Cester, Laura Mazzanti
OBJECTIVE: Olive oil is the main fat source in the Mediterranean diet and shows a protective role against aging and related diseases. Osteoporosis represents a serious health problem worldwide and is associated with an increased risk for fractures and mortality. Nutrition should be part of bone disease prevention strategies, especially in light of the aging population and the effect of diet on bone health. The aim of this study was to investigate whether oral supplementation with extra virgin olive oil (VOO) enriched with vitamins D3, K1, and B6 (VitVOO) is able to modify some physicochemical and functional plasma membrane properties and nitrosative stress markers status...
October 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830650/basics-of-bone-metabolism-and-osteoporosis-in-common-pediatric-neuromuscular-disabilities
#13
REVIEW
Evren Yaşar, Emre Adigüzel, Mutluay Arslan, Dennis J Matthews
Bone modeling is a process that starts with fetal life and continues during adolescence. Complex factors such as hormones, nutritional and environmental factors affect this process. In addition to these factors, physical conditioning and medications that have toxic effects on bony tissue should be carefully considered in patient follow-up. Osteoporosis is a significant problem in pediatric population because of ongoing growth and development of skeletal system. Two types of osteoporosis are primary and secondary types and children with neuromuscular disabilities constitute a major group with secondary osteoporosis...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806640/the-importance-of-nutrition-in-aiding-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Kendall D Jeynes, E Leigh Gibson
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is a prerequisite for health; yet, there is no special nutritional assessment or guidance for drug and alcohol dependent individuals, despite the fact that their food consumption is often very limited, risking malnutrition. Further, the premise is examined that malnutrition may promote drug seeking and impede recovery from substance use disorders (SUD). METHOD: A narrative review addressed the relationship between substance use disorders and nutrition, including evidence for malnutrition, as well as their impact on metabolism and appetite regulation...
October 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800292/osteoporosis-knowledge-translation-for-young-adults-new-directions-for-prevention-programs
#15
Alyson Holland
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis prevention is heavily reliant on education programs, which are most effective when tailored to their intended audience. Most osteoporosis prevention education is designed for older adults, making application of these programs to younger adults difficult. Designing programs for young adults requires understanding the information-seeking practices of young adults, so that knowledge about osteoporosis can be effectively translated. METHODS: Individual interviews were conducted with 60 men and women-multiethnic, Canadian young adults-to explore both the sources and types of information they search for when seeking information on nutrition or bone health...
August 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798761/harnessing-finger-millet-to-combat-calcium-deficiency-in-humans-challenges-and-prospects
#16
REVIEW
Swati Puranik, Jason Kam, Pranav P Sahu, Rama Yadav, Rakesh K Srivastava, Henry Ojulong, Rattan Yadav
Humans require more than 20 mineral elements for healthy body function. Calcium (Ca), one of the essential macromineral, is required in relatively large quantities in the diet for maintaining a sound overall health. Young children, pregnant and nursing women in marginalized and poorest regions of the world, are at highest risk of Ca malnutrition. Elderly population is another group of people most commonly affected by Ca deficiency mainly in the form of osteoporosis and osteopenia. Improved dietary intake of Ca may be the most cost-effective way to meet such deficiencies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781229/height-loss-was-associated-with-osteoporosis-in-korean-elderly-men-not-in-women-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2010
#17
Kyung-Sik Ahn, Chang Ho Kang, Sung Bum Cho, Kyung-Hwan Cho, Kyung-Do Han, Yong-Gyu Park, Yang-Hyun Kim
The degree of height loss varies among individuals, and excessive height loss can be a vertebral fracture or bone loss manifestation. The objective of this study was to examine the relationships between height loss and bone mineral density (BMD) and to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis according to the height loss quartiles. Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. A total of 2799 participants more than 60 years old were included and subdivided into quartiles according to height loss (Q1-Q4)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739429/llex-paraguariensis-decreases-oxidative-stress-in-bone-and-mitigates-the-damage-in-rats-during-perimenopause
#18
Camila Scacco Pereira, Camila Tami Stringhetta-Garcia, Lilian da Silva Xavier, Keny Gonçalves Tirapeli, Ariana Aparecida Ferreira Pereira, GiselIi Mitsuy Kayahara, José Marcelo Tramarim, Marcelo Macedo Crivelini, Karina Stringhetta Padovani, Andréia Machado Leopoldino, Mário Jefferson Quirino Louzada, Adriane Belló-Klein, Susana Francisca Llesuy, Edilson Ervolino, Rita Cássia Menegati Dornelles, Antonio Hernandes Chaves-Neto, Ana Cláudia de Melo Stevanato Nakamune
During perimenopause, oxidative stress increases, which may result in disruption of bone turnover, and consequently in osteoporosis. The use of antioxidants may be an effective nutritional approach to reducing osteoporosis in this period of life. Mate tea (MT) (Ilex paraguariensis), a typical and inexpensive beverage consumed in the Brazilian south-east, Argentina and Uruguay, increases antioxidant defense. Our hypothesis was that MT would decrease oxidative stress and mitigate bone deterioration. To test this, we analyzed oxidative stress markers of bone turnover, and local and systemic markers of bone metabolism of rats during natural perimenopause...
July 21, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737638/a-bone-health-intervention-for-chinese-immigrants-in-santa-clara-county
#19
Joanne Zou, Michelle DeCoux Hampton, Kate Shade, Leonard Kaku
BACKGROUND: Among Chinese immigrants, osteoporosis is undertreated, misdiagnosed, and a leading cause of fragility fractures. In orthopaedic surgery departments, prevention education and health behavior change programs are necessary to improve their bone health. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an osteoporosis prevention education program on participants' self-efficacy with regard to exercise and nutrition when provided by an orthopaedic surgery team during an annual Chinese Health Fair in Santa Clara County, CA...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736622/nutrition-and-osteoporosis-prevention-for-the-orthopaedic-surgeon-a-wholefoods-approach
#20
Jennette Higgs, Emma Derbyshire, Kathryn Styles
Osteoporosis is a prevalent and debilitating condition with no signs of subsiding. Rising numbers of people consuming nutrient-poor diets coupled with ageing populations and sedentary lifestyles appear to be the main drivers behind this.While the nutrients calcium and vitamin D have received most attention, there is growing evidence that wholefoods and other micronutrients have roles to play in primary and potentially secondary osteoporosis prevention.Until recently, calcium and vitamin D were regarded as the main nutrients essential to bone health but now there are emerging roles for iron, copper and selenium, among others...
June 2017: EFORT open reviews
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