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osteoporosis and nutrition

Dong-Won Lee, Eun-Young Choi
BACKGROUND: A decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) is a systemic consequence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Past reports have rarely examined any correlation between sarcopenia and BMD. We investigated the relationship cross-sectionally between the presence of sarcopenia and BMD reduction in COPD patients. METHODS: COPD patients aged 50 or older with qualifying spirometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry data were from participants in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys IV and V (2008-2011)...
2016: PloS One
H S Choi, J H Park, S H Kim, S Shin, M J Park
: Bone mineral density (BMD) of offspring was significantly associated with their parents' BMD. Parental BMD Z-score ≤-1 was a significant predictor for BMD Z-score ≤-1 in their offspring. Peak bone mass acquisition during early adulthood is more substantially influenced by genetic factors rather than lifestyle or environmental factors. INTRODUCTION: A person's BMD is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. Family history of osteoporosis or fragility fracture is a well-known risk factor for low bone mass or fracture...
October 17, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Aparna P Nanduri, Sally Fullman, Lori Morell, Steve Buyske, Mary L Wagner
BACKGROUND: Project Healthy Bones (PHB) is a 24-week, peer-led exercise and education program for older adults at risk of osteoporosis. METHOD: Residents from an assisted living and senior community program were enrolled after medical clearance. Participant demographics, geriatric fitness assessments, exercise logs, quizzes, and surveys were collected at baseline and 24 weeks. Data were analyzed using paired t tests and ANOVA of change scores for the pooled data within the R statistical environment...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Xue-Song Li, Ji-Rong Zhang, Yi-Lin Zhao, Ying Li, Yuxiang Sun, Tiemin Liu, Rui-Tao Wang
OBJECTIVES: Poor nutritional status is associated with osteoporosis (OP) in postmenopausal women. Moreover, recent studies documented that prealbumin is the best and most widely used parameter to monitor nutrition intervention and is a sensitive predictor of short-term outcome compared with albumin. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association of prealbumin levels with bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with OP. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 664 women...
August 23, 2016: Nutrition
Tina D Cunningham, Sarah C DeShields
We examined the agreement between self-reported osteoporosis and bone mineral density (BMD) results through dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) using data from a national representative sample taken from the US communities. Six-year data from the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006, 2007-2008, and 2009-2010 were merged. Participants included adults 50 years of age or older whose data appeared in both questionnaire and medical examination data files. Self-reported osteoporosis was defined by an affirmative response to a question in the osteoporosis questionnaire then compared with BMD-defined osteoporosis, defined by BMD values taken from the examination data...
October 6, 2016: Rheumatology International
Fan Yi, Xiao-Lei Tan, Xin Yan, Hai-Bo Liu
BACKGROUND: Lepidium meyenii Walpers (maca) is an herb known as a traditional nutritional supplement and widely used in Peru, North America, and Europe to enhance human fertility and treat osteoporosis. The secondary metabolites of maca, namely, maca alkaloids, macaenes, and macamides, are bioactive compounds, but their targets are undefined. METHODS: The pharmacophore-based PharmaDB targets database screening joint the ligand shape similarity-based WEGA validation approach is proposed to predict the targets of these unique constituents and was performed using Discovery Studio 4...
2016: Chinese Medicine
Chun-Fang Chiu, Miaw-I Lin, I Lee, Shiow-Rong Jeang, Yan-Choiu Ku
BACKGROUND: Unplanned readmissions increase healthcare utilization rates and healthcare costs. The Taiwan Healthcare Indicator Series regards the rate of hospital readmission as an important indicator of inpatient-care quality. The elderly face a higher risk of unplanned readmission due to elderly-specific health and disease characteristics such as deteriorating body functions and the relatively high incidence of complications after the treatment of acute diseases. PURPOSE: To explore the factors that relate to the unplanned readmission of elderly within 90 days of discharge at a geriatric medical center...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Yang Hee Kim, Jae Yong Shim, Min Seok Seo, Hyung Ji Yim, Mi Ra Cho
BACKGROUND: The results of previous studies on the association between blood mercury (Hg) and bone mineral density (BMD) are inconsistent. We therefore used a large-scale nationwide representative sample of Korean men to investigate the relationship between these two parameters. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the 2008 to 2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to evaluate the relationship between blood Hg and BMD and the prevalence of osteopenia or osteoporosis in 1,190 men over 50 years of age...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Laura K Bachrach, Catherine M Gordon
Concerns about bone health and potential fragility in children and adolescents have led to a high interest in bone densitometry. Pediatric patients with genetic and acquired chronic diseases, immobility, and inadequate nutrition may fail to achieve expected gains in bone size, mass, and strength, leaving them vulnerable to fracture. In older adults, bone densitometry has been shown to predict fracture risk and reflect response to therapy. The role of densitometry in the management of children at risk of bone fragility is less clear...
September 26, 2016: Pediatrics
A P da Silva, A Matos, R Ribeiro, Â Gil, A Valente, M Bicho, J Gorjão-Clara
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of sarcopenia and osteoporosis in centenarians and its association with body composition and past physical activity (PPA). SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted an observational cross-sectional study in a representative nationwide population of 253 Portuguese centenarians. A clinically oriented questionnaire and anthropometric and body composition analysis by bioimpedance were executed. Sarcopenia was determined using a muscle mass (MM) index cutoff ⩽16...
September 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hee-Sook Lim, Soon-Kyung Kim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Dong Won Byun, Yoon-Hyung Park, Tae-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis one of the most serious disease to decrease the quality of life and cause economic loss. Thus, prevention of osteoporosis has become an important health concern. The study examined in adherence to osteoporosis guidelines and compared the levels of adherence to osteoporosis guidelines between bone health status in Korean adult. METHODS: This study used data from a nationally represented sample of Koreans (n=3,419) from 2008 to 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
August 2016: Journal of Bone Metabolism
In Seon Lee, Ah Young Leem, Sang Hoon Lee, Yumie Rhee, Yoon Ha, Young Sam Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Osteoporosis is common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The relationship between osteoporosis and COPD has been primarily reported in patients with moderate to severe COPD, but there is no report in the general population. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and lung function in the general Korean population. METHODS: This study was based on data acquired from the Fourth and Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES IV and V), conducted from 2008 to 2010...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Nelly Altamirano-Bustamante, Myriam M Altamirano-Bustamante
The bone mass peak is the maximum bone quantity to be achieved through bone modeling. About 40% of the total bone mass is achieved at puberty; therefore, adolescence is critical on the skeletal development. This paper is about the transfunctional analysis of nutrition, mineral metabolism, endocrinology and life style in adolescence. Core factors to achieve the maximum potential of bone modeling through puberty and prevent osteoporosis from a pediatric stage are addressed.
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Shengxian Fan, Xiaodong Ni, Jian Wang, Yongliang Zhang, Shen Tao, Wencheng Kong, Yousheng Li, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have noticed the high incidence of suboptimal vitamin D (VtD) status and bone loss in short bowel syndrome (SBS) with parenteral nutrition (PN) dependence. However, limited data have focused on adult SBS without PN dependence. Therefore, our objective was to investigate the incidence and risk factors of suboptimal VtD status and bone loss in adult SBS even after weaning off PN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 60 adult patients with SBS...
September 1, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Ronan Thibault, Claude Pichard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the context of the worldwide obesity epidemic, bariatric surgery is the only therapy associated with a sustainable weight loss and to midterm prevention of obesity-related complications. However, nutritional and behavioral multidisciplinary medical preparation, as well as long-term postoperative nutritional follow-up, is strongly advised to avoid postoperative surgical, nutritional, or psychiatric complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Due to a long history of restrictive diets and large body weight fluctuations, preoperative nutritional assessment and correction of vitamin and trace elements deficiencies are mandatory...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Beau D Reilly, Craig E Franklin
Bone mass and skeletal muscle mass are controlled by factors such as genetics, diet and nutrition, growth factors and mechanical stimuli. Whereas increased mechanical loading of the musculoskeletal system stimulates an increase in the mass and strength of skeletal muscle and bone, reduced mechanical loading and disuse rapidly promote a decrease in musculoskeletal mass, strength and ultimately performance (i.e. muscle atrophy and osteoporosis). In stark contrast to artificially immobilised laboratory mammals, animals that experience natural, prolonged bouts of disuse and reduced mechanical loading, such as hibernating mammals and aestivating frogs, consistently exhibit limited or no change in musculoskeletal performance...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
Lyle L Pritchard
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease that occurs in approximately 1 in 2,500 white live births. It is less common in nonwhite individuals. A dysfunctional epithelial chloride channel leads to excessively thick mucus affecting multiple organ systems. Common issues include mucous plugging of the airway, lung inflammation, chronic pulmonary infections, intestinal malabsorption, and malnutrition. Universal screening of newborns for CF is recommended in many countries. CF can be diagnosed based on clinical evidence of disease along with genetic testing or other laboratory evidence of chloride channel dysfunction...
September 2016: FP Essentials
Mark A Moyad, Robert U Newton, Ulf W Tunn, Damian Gruca
Improved diagnosis and treatment regimens have resulted in greater longevity for men with prostate cancer. This has led to an increase in both androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) use and duration of exposure, and therefore to its associated adverse effects, such as sexual dysfunction, osteoporosis, reduced muscle mass, increased fat mass, and increased incidence of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Given that the adverse effects of ADT are systemic, often debilitating, and difficult to treat, efforts continue in the development of new strategies for long-term management of prostate cancer...
2016: Research and Reports in Urology
Masayoshi Yamaguchi
Bone homeostasis is maintained through a balance between osteoblastic bone formation and osteoclastic bone resorption. Bone loss with aging is induced by decreasing in osteoblastic bone formation and increasing in osteoclastic bone resorption, thereby leading to osteoporosis. Osteoporosis with its accompanying decrease in bone mass is widely recognized as a major public heath problem. Pharmacologic and nutritional factors may play a role in the prevention and treatment of bone loss with aging. p-Hydroxycinnamic acid (HCA), which stimulates bone mineralization in mouse bone tissues in vitro, has been found to be present in the leafstalk of wasabi (Wasabi japonica MATSUM) among various food and plants...
October 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Patrycja Sidor, Dominika Głąbska, Dariusz Włodarek
BACKGROUND: The osteoporosis is becoming serious problem for the preventive healthcare, that is stated for Poland and western countries. The loss of bone mass in women may be even five times higher than in men, so in the osteoporosis preventive strategies, young women are indicated as best potential target group. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the osteoporosis risk, on the basis of diet assessment in young Polish women, while satisfying nutritional needs for bone health-related nutrients was taken into account...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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