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osteoporosis and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467386/bmi-reduction-and-vitamin-d-insufficiency-mediated-osteoporosis-and-fragility-fractures-in-patients-at-nutritional-risk-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Yatong Li, Min Hui, Xiao Chang, Mei Li, Yipeng Wang, Baozhong Zhang, Jianchun Yu
It seemed to be common sense that malnutrition was associated with osteoporosis, but there were few studies with detailed data proving that. Additionally, the association between BMI and osteoporosis was still under discussion. In our study of 138 patients, we first confirmed the association between nutrition and osteoporosis with propensity score matching method reducing the confounding bias, then discovered that body mass index (BMI) and 25OHD level acted as two crucial factors of nutrition risk-mediated osteoporosis...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463015/association-between-bone-mineral-density-of-femoral-neck-and-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-treated-with-biological-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs
#2
Hiroto Tokumoto, Hiroyuki Tominaga, Yoshiya Arishima, Go Jokoji, Masaki Akimoto, Hideo Ohtsubo, Eiji Taketomi, Nobuhiko Sunahara, Satoshi Nagano, Yasuhiro Ishidou, Setsuro Komiya, Takao Setoguchi
Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) induces rapid remission. However, osteoporosis and its management remains a problem. The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) evaluates the risk of malnutrition-related complications in elderly patients and has been shown to be a significant predictor of many diseases. We evaluated the correlation between GNRI and RA activity. In addition, risk factors for femoral neck bone loss were evaluated in RA patients treated with bDMARDs...
February 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461563/external-skeletal-robusticity-of-children-and-adolescents-european-references-from-birth-to-adulthood-and-international-comparisons
#3
Rebekka Mumm, Elena Godina, Slawomir Koziel, Martin Musalek, Petr Sedlak, Ursula Wittwer-Backofen, Volker Hesse, Parasmani Dasgupta, Maciej Henneberg, Christiane Scheffler
Background: In our modern world, the way of life in nutritional and activity behaviour has changed. As a consequence, parallel trends of an epidemic of overweight and a decline in external skeletal robusticity are observed in children and adolescents. Aim: We aim to develop reference centiles for external skeletal robusticity of European girls and boys aged 0 to 18 years using the Frame Index as an indicator and identify population specific age-related patterns. Methods: We analysed cross-sectional & longitudinal data on body height and elbow breadth of boys and girls from Europe (0-18 years, n = 41...
February 20, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445830/bone-health-assessment-in-older-people-with-or-without-muscle-health-impairment
#4
M Locquet, C Beaudart, O Bruyère, J A Kanis, L Delandsheere, J-Y Reginster
This study investigated the relationship between muscle and bone status in elderly individuals. Our results suggested links between sarcopenia and osteoporosis; impairment in muscle status (i.e., muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance) is associated with deterioration in bone mass and texture subsequently leading to an increased risk of fracture. INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence has shown associations between sarcopenia and osteoporosis, but existing studies face inconsistencies in the clinical definition of both conditions...
February 14, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439738/dietary-inflammatory-index-a-potent-association-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-patients-candidate-for-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-cabg-surgery
#5
Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Mahdi Najafi
BACKGROUND: Recently, the clinical importance of dietary inflammatory index (DII) in predicting the inflammatory potential of diet and its role in pathogenesis of several chronic disease including some types of cancers, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease and renal disease has been proposed. However, its association with the disease severity and progression and cardio-metabolic risk factors among patients candidate for coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) has not been evaluated yet...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415696/osteoporosis-knowledge-and-beliefs-in-diabetic-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-from-palestine
#6
Ghaith A Ishtaya, Yazan M Anabtawi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a potential metabolic complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). Therefore, patients with DM should have adequate osteoporosis knowledge and beliefs in order to get engaged in osteoporosis preventive behaviors. The objective of this study was to assess osteoporosis knowledge and beliefs among diabetic patients. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study carried out at Al-Makhfiah governmental primary healthcare unit in Nablus, Palestine from September 2016 to December 2016...
February 7, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413021/nutritional-therapy-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#7
REVIEW
J Enrique Domínguez-Muñoz, Mary Phillips
Malnutrition is a frequent complication in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Maldigestion as a consequence of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency is the major cause of malnutrition in these patients. Together with that, toxic habits and alterations of the gastroduodenal transit may play a relevant role. Malnutrition in chronic pancreatitis is associated with osteoporosis, sarcopenia, poor quality of life, and increased mortality. An adequate nutritional evaluation including anthropometric, biochemical, and morphologic parameters is recommended in these patients...
March 2018: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411454/sex-specific-patterns-in-cortical-and-trabecular-bone-microstructure-in-the-kirsten-skeletal-collection-south-africa
#8
Amy C Beresheim, Susan K Pfeiffer, Marc D Grynpas, Amanda Alblas
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to provide bone histomorphometric reference data for South Africans of the Western Cape who likely dealt with health issues under the apartheid regime. METHODS: The 206 adult individuals (n female = 75,n male = 131, mean = 47.9 ± 15.8 years) from the Kirsten Skeletal Collection, U. Stellenbosch, lived in the Cape Town metropole from the late 1960s to the mid-1990s. To study age-related changes in cortical and trabecular bone microstructure, photomontages of mid-thoracic rib cross-sections were quantitatively examined...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382139/bone-response-to-dietary-co-enrichment-with-powdered-whole-grape-and-probiotics
#9
Cynthia Blanton
Nutrition is a primary modifiable determinant of chronic noncommunicable disease, including osteoporosis. An etiology of osteoporosis is the stimulation of bone-resorbing osteoclasts by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Dietary polyphenols and probiotics demonstrate protective effects on bone that are associated with reduced ROS formation and suppressed osteoclast activity. This study tested the effect of dietary enrichment with powdered whole grape and probiotics (composed of equal parts Bifidobacterium bifidum, B...
January 29, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368309/are-we-treating-osteoporotic-fractures-of-the-hip-adequately-a-middle-eastern-cohort-study
#10
K Venugopal Menon, Huda Hamed Salim Al Harthy, Khalid Shafi Khalid Al Habsi, Hind Abdullah Hamed Al Ruzaiqi
Fragility hip fractures treated in a center in the Middle East were retrospectively studied for adequacy of osteoporosis management. Of the 318 patients treated, over 70% did not have a structured investigation and about 30% did not receive any therapeutic supplements. Our series showed a preventable 8.8% secondary fracture rate. PURPOSE: To study the adequacy of evaluation and treatment of osteoporosis after fragility fractures of the hip. The study also attempts to estimate the prevalence of secondary fractures after the original injury...
January 24, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353395/comparison-of-osteoporosis-in-us-adults-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
S C DeShields, T D Cunningham
PURPOSE: We examined bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis prevalence in those with type 1 compared to type 2 diabetes derived from a nationally representative sample from the civilian community in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, and 2013-2014 were merged to obtain a large sample of diabetics at least 20 years of age with participation in the interview and medical examination...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349902/association-between-pre-sarcopenia-sarcopenia-and-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#12
Tatiana Bering, Kiara G D Diniz, Marta Paula P Coelho, Diego A Vieira, Maria Marta S Soares, Adriana M Kakehasi, Maria Isabel T D Correia, Rosângela Teixeira, Dulciene M M Queiroz, Gifone A Rocha, Luciana D Silva
BACKGROUND: Preserved skeletal muscle is essential for the maintenance of healthy bone. Loss of bone mineral density (BMD) and muscle strength, considered a predictor of BMD, have been demonstrated in patients with cirrhosis, but they are poorly studied in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) without cirrhosis. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of low BMD and its association with body composition, muscle strength, and nutritional status in CHC. METHODS: One hundred and four subjects [mean age, 50...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320446/physical-activity-physical-fitness-body-composition-and-nutrition-are-associated-with-bone-status-in-university-students
#13
Gotzone Hervás, Fátima Ruiz-Litago, Jon Irazusta, Ainhoa Fernández-Atutxa, Ana Belen Fraile-Bermúdez, Idoia Zarrazquin
Understanding the modifiable factors that improve and maximize peak bone mass at an early age is necessary to design more effective intervention programs to prevent osteoporosis. To identify these modifiable factors, we analyzed the relationship of physical activity (PA), physical fitness, body composition, and dietary intake with bone stiffness index (SI), measured by quantitative ultrasonometry in young university students (18-21 years). Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was the strongest predictor of SI (β = 0...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305866/novel-and-rapid-osteoporosis-model-established-in-zebrafish-using-high-iron-stress
#14
Wenjuan Zhang, Jingjin Xu, Juhui Qiu, Cencan Xing, Xiumin Li, Bo Leng, Yi Su, Jinmei Lin, Jiaofen Lin, Xuqiao Mei, Yiqun Huang, Yutian Pan, Yu Xue
Osteoporosis is a global public health concern and, it can result from numerous pathogenic mechanisms, many of which are closely related with age, nutritional disorders, endocrine imbalance, or adverse drug side effects presented by glucocorticoids, heparin, and anti-epileptics. Given its wide range etiologies, it is crucial to establish an animal model of osteoporosis for use in screening potential drugs quickly and effectively. Previous research has reported that an accumulation of elevated iron in the body is an independent risk factor for osteoporosis...
January 3, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259964/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-in-korean-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-their-health-related-quality-of-life-according-to-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#15
Sang Hee Lee, Hye-Young Kwon
Background: In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of osteoporosis, risk factors associated with osteoporosis, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in clinically stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Methods: A total of 1,081 COPD patients were recruited from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from July 2008 to May 2011. Bone mineral densities at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total proximal femur were measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258608/education-and-exercise-program-improves-osteoporosis-knowledge-and-changes-calcium-and-vitamin-d-dietary-intake-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#16
Ki-Soo Park, Jun-Il Yoo, Ha-Young Kim, Sunmee Jang, Yongsoon Park, Yong-Chan Ha
BACKGROUND: Several educational intervention programs have been designed and developed to improve osteoporosis diagnosis and treatment. However, most of the prior studies focused on how educational intervention programs affected diagnosis and treatment of condition of osteoporosis. The purpose of this prospective and educational intervention study was to evaluate the changes in osteoporosis knowledge, osteoporosis self-efficacy, fall self-efficacy, physical exercise and changes in dietary pattern of calcium and vitamin D intake after osteoporosis education...
December 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239997/predisposing-risk-factors-and-stress-fractures-in-division-i-cross-country-runners
#17
Kaci L Giffin, Kathy B Knight, Martha A Bass, Melinda W Valliant
The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with increased stress fractures in collegiate cross country runners. Participants in this study were 42 male and female cross country runners at a Division I university. Each athlete completed a questionnaire regarding smoking status, vitamin/mineral intake, previous stress fracture history, birth control usage, menstrual status, and demographic information. Nutritional assessment via a 3-day food record and measurements of whole body, lumbar spine, and hip bone mineral densities (BMD) were also conducted on each athlete...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224693/musculoskeletal-health-and-frailty
#18
REVIEW
Fiona E McGuigan, Patrik Bartosch, Kristina E Åkesson
Frailty is a consequence of advanced aging, where the frailty phenotype tries to capture overall decline in health. Frailty involves multiple physiological systems that are intrinsically inter-related and with highly complex interactions. Frailty is closely linked to musculoskeletal health; musculoskeletal functioning is a key component in quantifying frailty, while at the same time, frailty is associated with the most common age-related musculoskeletal conditions: osteoporosis, fractures, falls, osteoarthritis, and spinal conditions...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215807/utilization-of-osteoporosis-related-health-services-use-of-data-from-the-korean-national-health-insurance-database-2008-2012
#19
Tae Yang Yu, Hyemin Cho, Tae Young Kim, Yong Chan Ha, Sunmee Jang, Ha Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and its related fractures are increasingly being recognized as major health problems because of the rapidly increasing elderly population. In this study, we investigated the annual trend of osteoporosis-related health services utilization. METHODS: Participants aged over 50 years were identified from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database between 2008 and 2012. Health service utilization rate and treatment rate were calculated through the operational definition...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204255/bariatric-surgery-and-long-term-nutritional-issues
#20
REVIEW
Roberta Lupoli, Erminia Lembo, Gennaro Saldalamacchia, Claudia Kesia Avola, Luigi Angrisani, Brunella Capaldo
Bariatric surgery is recognized as a highly effective therapy for obesity since it accomplishes sustained weight loss, reduction of obesity-related comorbidities and mortality, and improvement of quality of life. Overall, bariatric surgery is associated with a 42% reduction of the cardiovascular risk and 30% reduction of all-cause mortality. This review focuses on some nutritional consequences that can occur in bariatric patients that could potentially hinder the clinical benefits of this therapeutic option...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
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