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osteoporosis and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649630/towards-human-exploration-of-space-the-theseus-review-series-on-muscle-and-bone-research-priorities
#1
Thomas Lang, Jack J W A Van Loon, Susan Bloomfield, Laurence Vico, Angele Chopard, Joern Rittweger, Antonios Kyparos, Dieter Blottner, Ilkka Vuori, Rupert Gerzer, Peter R Cavanagh
Without effective countermeasures, the musculoskeletal system is altered by the microgravity environment of long-duration spaceflight, resulting in atrophy of bone and muscle tissue, as well as in deficits in the function of cartilage, tendons, and vertebral disks. While inflight countermeasures implemented on the International Space Station have evidenced reduction of bone and muscle loss on low-Earth orbit missions of several months in length, important knowledge gaps must be addressed in order to develop effective strategies for managing human musculoskeletal health on exploration class missions well beyond Earth orbit...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646831/assessment-of-differences-in-nutrients-consumption-in-women-diagnosed-with-osteoporosis-as-compared-to-a-healthy-control-group
#2
Agata Wawrzyniak, Patrycja Klimczyk, Agnieszka Woźniak, Anna Anyżewska, Magdalena Leonkiewicz
Background: Osteoporosis is a condition that has been much more frequent for women, which is related to menopause and to their lower bone mineral density (BMD). Inappropriate diet is among the development factors of the disease. Objective: To assess differences in consumption of particular nutrients among women with and without osteoporosis diagnosed. Material and Methods: The study was conducted in 2013 in a group of 100 women aged 51-70, using a questionnaire, including a 24-hour recall related to a participant’s nutrients consumptions...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604599/nutritional-challenges-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#3
REVIEW
Simona Salera, Francesca Menni, Maurizio Moggio, Sophie Guez, Monica Sciacco, Susanna Esposito
Neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) represent a heterogeneous group of acquired or inherited conditions. Nutritional complications are frequent in NMDs, but they are sometimes underestimated. With the prolongation of survival in patients with NMDs, there are several nutritional aspects that are important to consider, including the deleterious effects of overnutrition on glucose metabolism, mobility, and respiratory and cardiologic functions; the impact of hyponutrition on muscle and ventilatory function; constipation and other gastrointestinal complications; chewing/swallowing difficulties with an increased risk of aspiration that predisposes to infectious diseases and respiratory complications; as well as osteoporosis with an associated increased risk of fractures...
June 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592102/-assessment-of-comprehensive-nutritional-status-and-eating-behavior-among-311-middle-aged-and-aged-women-with-osteoporosis-in-chengdu
#4
R P Zhao, W Z Wang, G P Cheng, H J Zhang, F M Zhou, Y Y Li, C Wu, L Q Yang, G Zeng
Objective: To investigate the comprehensive nutritional status and diet behavior of middle aged and elderly women with osteoporosis, and thereby to explore the relationship between diet behavior and comprehensive nutritional status. Methods: 311 middle-aged and elderly women with osteoporosis in Chengdu were included in this study. Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was applied to assess their comprehensive nutritional status. Information of social-demographic characteristics and diet behavior (about meals, snacks and water drinking, etc...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586603/evaluating-the-risk-of-osteoporosis-through-bone-mass-density
#5
Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Asif Khaliq, Ashar Mahmood
OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis is a bone disorder, characterized by loss of bone mass density. Osteoporosis affects more than 30% of post-menopausal women. Osteoporosis is often associated with restricted body movement, pain and joint deformities. Early identification and early intervention can help in reducing these complications. The primary objective of this study was to estimate the burden of Osteoporosis in Urban setting of Sindh among women of different age groups and to access the effect of different protective measures that can reduce the risk of Osteoporosis...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580789/associations-between-reported-dietary-sodium-intake-and-osteoporosis-in-korean-postmenopausal-women-the-2008-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#6
Yunmi Kim, Hyun-Young Kim, Jung Hwan Kim
Osteoporosis is prevalent among postmenopausal women, and increasing evidence has linked salt intake with this disease. In this article, we explored the association between dietary sodium intake and osteoporosis in Korean postmenopausal women. We analyzed data for 3635 postmenopausal women extracted from the 2008-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We found that 1542 participants (42.4%) have osteoporosis. The adjusted prevalence rates of osteoporosis at the lumbar spine were significantly higher in participants who consumed ≥4001 mg of salt than those who consumed ≤2000 mg...
June 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572947/development-of-a-fermented-quinoa-based-beverage
#7
Fanny Emma Ludena Urquizo, Silvia Melissa García Torres, Tiina Tolonen, Mari Jaakkola, Maria Grazzia Pena-Niebuhr, Atte von Wright, Ritva Repo-Carrasco-Valencia, Hannu Korhonen, Carme Plumed-Ferrer
Quinoa is a crop that originated from the Andes. It has high nutritional value, outstanding agro-ecological adaptability, and low water requirements. Quinoa is an excellent crop alternative to help overcome food shortages, and it can also have a role in the prevention of developed world lifestyle diseases, such as type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, etc. In order to expand the traditional uses of quinoa and to provide new, healthier and more nutritious food products, a fermented quinoa-based beverage was developed...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567345/dementia-and-osteoporosis-in-a-geriatric-population-is-there-a-common-link
#8
Candice L Downey, Adam Young, Emily F Burton, Simon M Graham, Robert J Macfarlane, Eva-Maria Tsapakis, Eleftherios Tsiridis
AIM: To determine the existence of a common pathological link between dementia and osteoporosis through reviewing the current evidence base. METHODS: This paper reviews the current literature on osteoporosis and dementia in order to ascertain evidence of a common predisposing aetiology. A literature search of Ovid MED-LINE (1950 to June 2016) was conducted. The keywords "osteoporosis", "osteoporotic fracture", "dementia" and "Alzheimer's disease" (AD) were used to determine the theoretical links with the most significant evidence base behind them...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556673/markers-of-bone-health-bone-specific-physical-activities-nutritional-intake-and-quality-of-life-of-professional-jockeys-in-hong-kong
#9
Eric Tsz-Chun Poon, John O'Reilly, Sinead Sheridan, Michelle Mingjing Cai, Stephen Heung-Sang Wong
Weight-making practices regularly engaged in by horse racing jockeys have been suggested to impair both physiological and mental health. This study aimed to assess bone health markers, nutritional intake, bone-specific physical activity habits and quality of life of professional jockeys in Hong Kong (n = 14), with gender-, age- and BMI-matched controls (n = 14). Anthropometric measurements, serum hormonal biomarkers, bone mineral density (BMD), bone-specific physical activity habits, nutritional intake, and quality of life (QOL) were assessed in all participants...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552661/30years-of-dxa-technology-innovations
#10
Claus-C Glüer
As the successor of Dual Photon Absorptiometry (DPA), Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) has seen 30years of continuous technological innovations. Implementation of measures for standardization and quality assurance made DXA a reliable and clinically useful approach. Its use in clinical multicenter drug studies in osteoporosis lead to general acceptance as the standard technique of bone densitometry. The limitations of DXA are well established. As a measure of areal bone mineral density (aBMD) it depends on bone size and is biased by overlaying soft tissue and calcified structures...
May 24, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513571/fat-sugar-and-bone-health-a-complex-relationship
#11
REVIEW
Li Tian, Xijie Yu
With people aging, osteoporosis is expected to increase notably. Nutritional status is a relatively easily-modified risk factor, associated with many chronic diseases, and is involved in obesity, diabetes, and coronary heart disease (CHD), along with osteoporosis. Nutrients, such as fats, sugars, and proteins, play a primary function in bone metabolism and maintaining bone health. In Western nations, diets are generally high in saturated fats, however, currently, the nutritional patterns dominating in China continue to be high in carbohydrates from starch, cereals, and sugars...
May 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511733/similarities-and-interactions-between-the-ageing-process-and-high-chronic-intake-of-added-sugars
#12
Eva Gatineau, Sergio Polakof, Dominique Dardevet, Laurent Mosoni
In our societies, the proportions of elderly people and of obese individuals are increasing. Both factors are associated with high health-related costs. During obesity, many authors suggest that it is a high chronic intake of added sugars (HCIAS) that triggers the shift towards pathology. However, the majority of studies were performed in young subjects and only a few were interested in the interaction with the ageing process. Our purpose was to discuss the metabolic effects of HCIAS, compare with the effects of ageing, and evaluate how deleterious the combined action of HCIAS and ageing could be...
May 17, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505102/bone-protective-effects-of-dried-plum-in-postmenopausal-women-efficacy-and-possible-mechanisms
#13
REVIEW
Bahram H Arjmandi, Sarah A Johnson, Shirin Pourafshar, Negin Navaei, Kelli S George, Shirin Hooshmand, Sheau C Chai, Neda S Akhavan
Osteoporosis is an age-related chronic disease characterized by a loss of bone mass and quality, and is associated with an increased risk of fragility fractures. Postmenopausal women are at the greatest risk of developing osteoporosis due to the cessation in ovarian hormone production, which causes accelerated bone loss. As the demographic shifts to a more aged population, a growing number of postmenopausal women will be afflicted with osteoporosis. Certain lifestyle factors, including nutrition and exercise, are known to reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis and therefore play an important role in bone health...
May 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480668/osteoporosis-a-future-public-health-problem-for-israel-medical-and-legal-obligations
#14
George M Weisz
Starvation in early life can lead to premature metabolic syndrome and bone demineralization. Osteoporosis in the Jewish population may not yet be a recognized syndrome, but the harsh conditions to which Holocaust survivors were exposed may have increased the incidence of the condition. Immigrants and refugees who came to Israel from East Africa and Yemen - whether decades ago or more recently - may have been at increased risk of under-nutrition during pregnancy, affecting both the mother and consequently the offspring...
April 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459415/frax-based-estimates-of-10-year-probability-of-hip-and-major-osteoporotic-fracture-among-adults-aged-40-and-over-united-states-2013-and-2014
#15
Anne C Looker, Neda Sarafrazi Isfahani, Bo Fan, John A Shepherd
BACKGROUND: The FRAX algorithm estimates the 10-year probability of hip and major osteoporotic (clinical spine, forearm, hip, or humerus) fracture for adults aged 40 and over. An expert panel developed criteria to define elevated FRAX probabilities for U.S. adults aged 50 and over. This report uses FRAX estimates from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2014 to describe the hip and major osteoporotic fracture probability distribution (for adults aged 40 and over) and prevalence of elevated probabilities (for adults aged 50 and over) in the United States...
March 2017: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458722/the-calcium-and-vitamin-d-controversy
#16
REVIEW
Bo Abrahamsen
Areas of the world where vitamin D levels are low for months of the year and intakes of calcium are high have a high prevalence of osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease. This suggests a public health message of avoiding calcium supplements and increasing vitamin D intake. No message could be more welcome as vitamin D can be given as a bolus while calcium must be taken daily and may be poorly tolerated. This approach is based on no evidence from intervention studies. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) suggest that vitamin D given with calcium elicits a small reduction in fracture risk and deaths...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439059/-calcium-and-bone-metabolism-across-women-s-life-stages-nutritive-therapy-for-improvement-of-bone-and-calcium-metabolism-according-to-life-stage-in-women
#17
Kazuya Makita
Postmenopausal osteoporosis is mainly caused by decreased estrogen levels, and progression of disease is associated with irreversible changes. It is therefore extremely important to maintain or improve healthy bone and calcium metabolism during and before the climacteric from a preventive medicine viewpoint. The specific preventive measures are appropriate calcium intake and regular physical exercise. In recent years, women in their twenties are considerably thinner and have a lower calcium intake than women in other age groups, which may lead to a further increase in the number of women with osteoporosis in the future...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438173/preliminary-results-demonstrating-the-impact-of-mediterranean-diet-on-bone-health
#18
Maria Cristina Savanelli, Luigi Barrea, Paolo Emidio Macchia, Silvia Savastano, Andrea Falco, Andrea Renzullo, Elisabetta Scarano, Immacolata Cristina Nettore, Annamaria Colao, Carolina Di Somma
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is an environmental factor affecting bone health. Nutrition is considered essential to achieve and maintain optimal bone mass. Mediterranean diet (MD) has shown to prevent bone disease. Aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between bone health status and adherence the MD. METHODS: Four-hundred eighteen healthy people (105 males and 313 females, age 50 ± 14 years) were recruited in the outdoor hospital of the "Campus Salute Onlus" held in Piazza del Plebiscito in Naples, October 17-20th 2013 and 09-11th October 2014...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435337/treatment-strategies-for-the-female-athlete-triad-in-the-adolescent-athlete-current-perspectives
#19
REVIEW
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Erin Hammer
Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, female sports participation has dramatically increased. The benefits of physical activity, including decreased risk for heart disease and diabetes as well as improved body image and self-esteem, far outweigh the risks. However, a select population of adolescent and young adult females may experience symptoms related to the female athlete triad (Triad), which refers to the interrelatedness of energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density (BMD). These conditions often manifest clinically as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures; an individual may suffer from 1 or all of the Triad components simultaneously...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431912/osteosarcopenic-obesity-prevalence-and-relation-with-frailty-and-physical-performance-in-middle-aged-and-older-women
#20
Claudia Szlejf, Lorena Parra-Rodríguez, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO) and to investigate its association with frailty and physical performance in Mexican community-dwelling middle-aged and older women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. SETTING: The FraDySMex study, a 2-round evaluation of community-dwelling adults from 2 municipalities in Mexico City. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 434 women aged 50 years or older, living in the designated area in Mexico City...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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