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osteoporosis and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074252/high-dietary-sodium-intake-is-associated-with-low-bone-mass-in-postmenopausal-women-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#1
S-J Kwon, Y-C Ha, Y Park
: The present cross-sectional study performed using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 9526 women older than 18 years of age demonstrates that high sodium intake is associated with lower bone mineral density and sodium intake ≥2000 mg/day is a risk factor for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. INTRODUCTION: Several studies have reported that large amount of dietary sodium intake is highly associated with elevated urinary calcium...
January 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063558/ost%C3%A3-oporose-pendant-la-m%C3%A3-nopause
#2
Aliya Khan, Michel Fortier
OBJECTIF: Offrir aux fournisseurs de soins de santé des lignes directrices quant à la prévention, au diagnostic et à la prise en charge clinique de l'ostéoporose postménopausique. ISSUES: Stratégies visant à identifier et à évaluer les femmes exposées à des risques élevés; utilisation de la densité minérale osseuse et des marqueurs du renouvellement des cellules osseuses pour l'évaluation du diagnostic et de la réaction à la prise en charge; et recommandations quant à la nutrition, à l'activité physique et au choix du traitement pharmacologique en vue de prévenir l'ostéoporose et d'en assurer la prise en charge...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049443/performance-of-edmonton-frail-scale-on-frailty-assessment-its-association-with-multi-dimensional-geriatric-conditions-assessed-with-specific-screening-tools
#3
Simone Perna, Matthew D'Arcy Francis, Chiara Bologna, Francesca Moncaglieri, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Pietro Allegrini, Antonio Isu, Beatrice Vigo, Fabio Guerriero, Mariangela Rondanelli
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) on frailty assessment in association with multi-dimensional conditions assessed with specific screening tools and to explore the prevalence of frailty by gender. METHODS: We enrolled 366 hospitalised patients (women\men: 251\115), mean age 81.5 years. The EFS was given to the patients to evaluate their frailty. Then we collected data concerning cognitive status through Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), health status (evaluated with the number of diseases), functional independence (Barthel Index and Activities Daily Living; BI, ADL, IADL), use of drugs (counting of drugs taken every day), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Skeletal Muscle Index of sarcopenia (SMI), osteoporosis and functionality (Handgrip strength)...
January 4, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041872/use-of-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-dxa-for-diagnosis-and-fracture-risk-assessment-who-criteria-t-and-z-score-and-reference-databases
#4
Hans P Dimai
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a two-dimensional imaging technology developed to assess bone mineral density (BMD) of the entire human skeleton and also specifically of skeletal sites known to be most vulnerable to fracture. In order to simplify interpretation of BMD measurement results and allow comparability among different DXA-devices, the T-score concept was introduced. This concept involves an individual's BMD which is then compared with the mean value of a young healthy reference population, with the difference expressed as a standard deviation (SD)...
December 29, 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012805/clinical-implications-of-sarcopenia-on-decreased-bone-density-in-men-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
Ji An Hwang, Young Sam Kim, Ah Young Leem, Moo Suk Park, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Ji Ye Jung
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia and osteoporosis are systemic features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study investigated the association between sarcopenia and osteopenia/osteoporosis, and the factors associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) in men with COPD. METHODS: Data of 777 men with COPD who underwent both pulmonary function test and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry were extracted from the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey database between 2008 and 2011...
December 21, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011809/safety-and-efficacy-of-tocotrienol-supplementation-for-bone-health-in-postmenopausal-women-protocol-for-a-dose-response-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-randomised-trial
#6
Chwan-Li Shen, Huanbiao Mo, Shengping Yang, Shu Wang, Carol K Felton, Michael D Tomison, Ima Nirwana Soelaiman
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a major health concern in postmenopausal women, and oxidative stress contributes to the development of bone loss. Cellular studies and ovariectomised rat model mimicking bone loss in postmenopausal women show the bone-protective effect of tocotrienols (TTs) with antioxidant capability. We aim to access the safety and efficacy of TT consumption for bone health in postmenopausal women. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In this 12-week randomised double-blinded placebo-controlled trial for the effects of dietary TT supplementation in postmenopausal women, postmenopausal women aged 45 years and older with at least 1 year after menopause and bone mineral density T-score at the spine and/or hip 2...
December 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010148/bone-health-of-the-ovahimba-people-of-north-western-namibia-in-the-context-of-urbanization-and-a-change-of-the-sociocultural-environment
#7
Anneke Wilhelm, Peyman Hadji, Mark Münzel, Hanna Daniel, Stephan Flache, Peter Nyarango, Peter Herbert Kann
The prevalence of osteoporosis in Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries is low, however, as urbanization takes root, it is predicted that bone health will decrease dramatically. The bone health of the semi-nomadic Ovahimba people of Namibia was investigated in the context of urbanization and changes of the sociocultural environment. Furthermore, data on bone health in SSA countries is scarce; there exists no ethnic-specific reference group for people of black origin. Included in the study were 98 urban and rural living Ovahimba people...
December 23, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994297/musculoskeletal-health-of-40-65-year-old-males-and-females-in-kosova-and-the-impact-of-n05b-a02b-ppi-h2ra-h02ab-and-lifestyle-factors-on-it
#8
Ermira Krasniqi, Mynyr Koni, Harald Tschan, Blerim Krasniqi, Antigona Kabashi, Arben Boshnjaku
BACKGROUND: This observational, cross-sectional study investigates the impact of medication usage, physical activity (PA) and nutritional status on musculoskeletal health (MSH) in males and females aged 40-65 in the population of a post conflict, developing country. METHODS: Bone Mineral Density (BMD), T-score and Z-score at distal forearm regions (measured by DEXA scan), together with isometric hand grip strength (dynamometer) were evaluated in a total of 162 subjects (53 Males, average age 55...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976475/regulation-of-bone-remodeling-by-vitamin-k2
#9
Vamsee D Myneni, Eva Mezey
All living tissues require essential nutrients such as amino acids, fatty acids, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, and water. The skeleton requires nutrients for development, maintaining bone mass and density. If the skeletal nutritional requirements are not met, the consequences can be quite severe. In recent years, there has been growing interest in promotion of bone health and inhibition of vascular calcification by Vitamin K2. This vitamin regulates bone remodeling, an important process necessary to maintain adult bone...
December 14, 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966104/the-impact-of-the-new-national-bone-health-alliance-nbha-diagnostic-criteria-on-the-prevalence-of-osteoporosis-in-the-usa
#10
N C Wright, K G Saag, B Dawson-Hughes, S Khosla, E S Siris
: We evaluated the prevalence of osteoporosis using the osteoporosis diagnostic criteria developed by the National Bone Health Alliance (NBHA), which includes qualified fractures, FRAX score in addition to bone mineral density (BMD). The expanded definition increases the prevalence compared to BMD alone definitions; however, it may better identify those at elevated fracture risk. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to estimate the prevalence of osteoporosis in US adults ≥50 years using the NBHA osteoporosis diagnostic criteria...
December 13, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965944/relationship-between-heavy-metal-exposure-and-bone-mineral-density-in-korean-adult
#11
Hee-Sook Lim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Tae-Hee Kim, Bo-Ra Lee
BACKGROUND: Exposure to heavy metals from environmental and industrial sources remains a concern of serious public health risk. This study was conducted to analysis the relationship between heavy metal concentrations and bone density. METHODS: This study used data from a nation-based sample of Koreans (n=2,429) from 2008 to 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We were obtained heavy metals (lead, mercury and cadmium), socioeconomic and demographic factors and bone mineral density (BMD) measured by T-score...
November 2016: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965941/health-related-quality-of-life-in-accordance-with-fracture-history-and-comorbidities-in-korean-patients-with-osteoporosis
#12
Hye-Young Kwon, Yong-Chan Ha, Jun-Il Yoo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Korean patients with osteoporosis and to measure the impact of fractures and comorbidity on their quality of life (QOL) using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data with a nationwide representativeness. METHODS: This study was based on 4-year-data obtained from the KNHANES 2008 to 2011. Osteoporosis was diagnosed in 2,078 survey participants according to their bone mineral density measurements using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
November 2016: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935995/into-the-bowels-of-depression-unravelling-medical-symptoms-associated-with-depression-by-applying-machine-learning-techniques-to-a-community-based-population-sample
#13
Joanna F Dipnall, Julie A Pasco, Michael Berk, Lana J Williams, Seetal Dodd, Felice N Jacka, Denny Meyer
BACKGROUND: Depression is commonly comorbid with many other somatic diseases and symptoms. Identification of individuals in clusters with comorbid symptoms may reveal new pathophysiological mechanisms and treatment targets. The aim of this research was to combine machine-learning (ML) algorithms with traditional regression techniques by utilising self-reported medical symptoms to identify and describe clusters of individuals with increased rates of depression from a large cross-sectional community based population epidemiological study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909782/associations-between-serum-vitamin-e-concentration-and-bone-mineral-density-in-the-us-elderly-population
#14
J Zhang, X Hu, J Zhang
: Mixed findings regarding effects of vitamin E on bone metabolism existed. We were the first to find a negative association between serum α-tocopherol concentration and bone mineral density in the US elderly population. Using vitamin E supplement as α-tocopherol to promote bone health was not warranted at this time. INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to examine the associations between serum vitamin E (α-tocopherol and γ-tocopherol) status and bone mineral density (BMD) among the US elderly population...
December 1, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900073/evaluation-of-the-predictive-index-for-osteoporosis-as-a-clinical-tool-to-identify-the-risk-of-osteoporosis-in-korean-men-by-using-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#15
Ji Hyun Moon, Lee Oh Kim, Hyeon Ju Kim, Mi Hee Kong
BACKGROUND: We previously proposed the Predictive Index for Osteoporosis as a new index to identify men who require bone mineral density measurement. However, the previous study had limitations such as a single-center design and small sample size. Here, we evaluated the usefulness of the Predictive Index for Osteoporosis using the nationally representative data of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Participants underwent bone mineral density measurements via dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and the Predictive Index for Osteoporosis and Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians were assessed...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898452/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-malnutrition-in-developing-countries
#16
Inderpaul S Sehgal, Sahajal Dhooria, Ritesh Agarwal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disorder characterized by progressive, poorly reversible airflow limitation. In addition to its pulmonary manifestations, COPD is also associated with several systemic expressions including anemia, osteoporosis, coronary artery disease, and malnutrition. In COPD, malnutrition is a consequence of reduced nutritional intake and muscle loss, further compounded by systemic inflammation. In the developing world, malnutrition is a significant problem by itself, even without any systemic illness...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889558/the-periosteal-microcirculation-in-health-and-disease-an-update-on-clinical-significance
#17
REVIEW
Andrea Szabó, Ágnes Janovszky, Levente Pócs, Mihály Boros
Apart from its nutritive functions, the periosteum critically affects bone regeneration via its stem/osteoprogenitor cell content. Normal healing after bone fractures, trauma-orthopedic interventions and invasive dental procedures is critically linked to the reestablishment of the periosteal microcirculation, but the reconstruction, replacement or repair of lost tissues may also be performed with autologous periosteum. Besides the initiation of cell differentiation during bone repair and remodeling processes, the periosteum together with the endosteum plays significant roles in the pathogenesis of both hormone-related and trauma-induced osteoporotic alterations in the bone metabolism...
November 23, 2016: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889047/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-stroke-and-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-koreans-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2010
#18
Ji Eun Lee, Hye-Rim Jeon, Jung Keun Park, Kyung-Do Han, Ji-Hyun Kim, Jinnie Yoon, Seok-Won Park, Yang-Hyun Kim, Kyung-Hwan Cho
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether osteoporosis is more prevalent in elderly Korean people who have had a stroke and whether the association differs by sex. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 3806 elderly subjects (1951 men and 1855 women) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in this study. Stroke history was determined by self-administered questionnaire. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine, total hip, and neck of the femur using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882862/milk-and-dairy-products-good-or-bad-for-human-health-an-assessment-of-the-totality-of-scientific-evidence
#19
REVIEW
Tanja Kongerslev Thorning, Anne Raben, Tine Tholstrup, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Ian Givens, Arne Astrup
BACKGROUND: There is scepticism about health effects of dairy products in the public, which is reflected in an increasing intake of plant-based drinks, for example, from soy, rice, almond, or oat. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to assess the scientific evidence mainly from meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised controlled trials, on dairy intake and risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cancer, and all-cause mortality...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823611/bariatric-surgery-pathophysiology-and-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
Sidra Azim, Sangeeta R Kashyap
Diabetes mellitus and obesity are closely interrelated and pose a major burden on health care in terms of morbidity and mortality. Weight loss has favorable metabolic benefits for glycemic control and improvement of metabolic syndrome. Bariatric surgery (BS) is the most effective treatment for weight loss with durable results as compared to lifestyle modification. BS procedures have been associated with significant reduction in abdominal obesity, metabolic syndrome components, and glycemic control requiring fewer medications...
December 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
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