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osteoporosis and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224693/musculoskeletal-health-and-frailty
#1
REVIEW
Fiona E McGuigan, Patrik Bartosch, Kristina E Åkesson
Frailty is a consequence of advanced aging, where the frailty phenotype tries to capture overall decline in health. Frailty involves multiple physiological systems that are intrinsically inter-related and with highly complex interactions. Frailty is closely linked to musculoskeletal health; musculoskeletal functioning is a key component in quantifying frailty, while at the same time, frailty is associated with the most common age-related musculoskeletal conditions: osteoporosis, fractures, falls, osteoarthritis, and spinal conditions...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215807/utilization-of-osteoporosis-related-health-services-use-of-data-from-the-korean-national-health-insurance-database-2008-2012
#2
Tae Yang Yu, Hyemin Cho, Tae Young Kim, Yong Chan Ha, Sunmee Jang, Ha Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and its related fractures are increasingly being recognized as major health problems because of the rapidly increasing elderly population. In this study, we investigated the annual trend of osteoporosis-related health services utilization. METHODS: Participants aged over 50 years were identified from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database between 2008 and 2012. Health service utilization rate and treatment rate were calculated through the operational definition...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204255/bariatric-surgery-and-long-term-nutritional-issues
#3
REVIEW
Roberta Lupoli, Erminia Lembo, Gennaro Saldalamacchia, Claudia Kesia Avola, Luigi Angrisani, Brunella Capaldo
Bariatric surgery is recognized as a highly effective therapy for obesity since it accomplishes sustained weight loss, reduction of obesity-related comorbidities and mortality, and improvement of quality of life. Overall, bariatric surgery is associated with a 42% reduction of the cardiovascular risk and 30% reduction of all-cause mortality. This review focuses on some nutritional consequences that can occur in bariatric patients that could potentially hinder the clinical benefits of this therapeutic option...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201817/association-between-walking-and-low-back-pain-in-the-korean-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Heesang Kim, Tae Jun Min, Si Hyun Kang, Don-Kyu Kim, Kyung Mook Seo, Sang Yoon Lee
Objective: To investigate if walking is independently associated with low back pain (LBP) in the general population. Methods: This cross-sectional study used public data from the Fourth and Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Subjects included 5,982 community-dwelling adults aged ≥50 years. Presence of current LBP was defined as LBP for 1 month or more in the past 3 months. Walking was measured as total walking duration for the past week and subjects were divided into four quartiles...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188893/therapeutic-role-of-punica-granatum-pomegranate-seed-oil-extract-on-bone-turnover-and-resorption-induced-in-ovariectomized-rats
#5
N Z Shaban, I M Talaat, F H Elrashidy, A Y Hegazy, A S Sultan
CONTEXT: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is mostly caused by increased bone remodeling resulting from estrogen deficiency. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is used to prevent osteoporosis, but it increases the risk for breast cancer, thromboembolism, strokes, and heart attacks. Pomegranate seed oil extract (SOE) is rich in phytoestrogen and antioxidant compounds. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the therapeutic role of SOE against bone turnover, resorption and osteoporosis induced in ovariectomized rats as a postmenopausal model and comparing the results with those from Generic CycloProgynova drug (D)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188142/characteristics-and-risk-factors-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-the-united-states-an-nhanes-analysis
#6
Bei Xu, Jin Lin
Background: We examined the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database to determine factors associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults 20 to 55 years of age. Methods: NHANES data collected between 2007 and 2014, excluding the 2011-2012 period, were used. Subjects were divided into those with and without RA. Demographic, clinical, and lifestyle factors were compared between the groups. Results: After applying inclusion/exclusion criteria, 8,789 persons were included in the study (8,483 without RA, 306 with RA)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177637/inappropriate-claims-from-non-equivalent-medications-in-osteoarthritis-a-position-paper-endorsed-by-the-european-society-for-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-osteoporosis-osteoarthritis-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-esceo
#7
REVIEW
Olivier Bruyère, Cyrus Cooper, Nasser M Al-Daghri, Elaine M Dennison, René Rizzoli, Jean-Yves Reginster
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive joint disease, that occurs frequently in the aging population and is a major cause of disability worldwide. Both glucosamine and chondroitin are biologically active molecules that are substrates for proteoglycan, an essential component of the cartilage matrix. Evidence supports the use of glucosamine and chondroitin as symptomatic slow-acting drugs for osteoarthritis (SYSADOAs) with impact on OA symptoms and disease-modifying effects in the long term. Glucosamine and chondroitin are administered in exogenous form as a sulfate salt and multiple formulations of these agents are available, both as prescription-grade products and nutritional supplements...
November 24, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169447/metabolic-and-nutritional-consequences-of-urinary-diversion-using-intestinal-segments-to-reconstruct-the-urinary-tract
#8
REVIEW
Joshua D Roth, Michael O Koch
Intestinal segments in various forms have been used to reconstruct the urinary tract since the mid-1800s. Currently, many different forms of continent and incontinent diversion options exist. Incorporating bowel mucosa within the urinary tract leads to predictable metabolic and nutritional consequences. The use of ileum or colon can cause a hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, vitamin B12 deficiency, osteoporosis, fat malabsorption, urinary calculi, and ammoniagenic encephalopathy. Due to metabolic and nutritional consequences associated with the use of jejunum and gastric segments, the use of these bowel segments is not recommended...
February 2018: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163183/pharmacological-therapy-of-osteoporosis-a-systematic-current-review-of-literature
#9
REVIEW
Vito Pavone, Gianluca Testa, Serena M C Giardina, Andrea Vescio, Domenico A Restivo, Giuseppe Sessa
Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease affecting millions of people worldwide, particularly in elderly or in post-menopausal women. The pathogenesis is useful to understand the possible mechanism of action of anti-osteoporotic drugs. Early diagnosis, possible with several laboratory and instrumental tests, allows a major accuracy in the choice of anti-osteoporosis drugs. Treatment of osteoporosis is strictly related to severity of pathology and consists on prevention of fragility fractures with a correct lifestyle and adequate nutritional supplements, and use of pharmacological therapy, started in patients with osteopenia and history of fragility fracture of the hip or spine...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129340/synchronous-colorectal-cancer-and-multiple-myeloma-with-chest-wall-involvement-is-this-a-coincidence
#10
Qiu-Li Li, Jin-An Ma, Hai-Peng Li, Ren-Bing Huang, Chun-Hong Hu, Xian-Ling Liu, Ya-Wen Gao, Gang-Hua Feng, Fang Wu
Multiple primary malignant neoplasms (MPMNs) are rare malignant neoplasms that simultaneously or successively occur in the same patient as 2 or more primary malignancies. Currently, an increasing number of cases are being reported. In general, MPMNs more commonly occur as 2 solid tumors or 2 hematological malignancies. Cases of MPMN that involve a solid tumor and a hematological malignancy are rare. Here, we report a case of synchronous colorectal cancer (CRC) and multiple myeloma (MM) with chest wall involvement...
September 25, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124437/optimal-vitamin-d-intake-for-preventing-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-insufficiency-in-young-japanese-women
#11
Hiroaki Ohta, Tatsuhiko Kuroda, Naoko Tsugawa, Yoshiko Onoe, Toshio Okano, Masataka Shiraki
Populations of East Asian countries have been known to have low calcium intakes and low serum 25(OH)D concentrations, suggesting that Ca and vitamin D (VitD)-deficiencies are commonly observed. These nutritional imbalances may lead to low peak bone mass (PBM). The low PBM seen in Ca/VitD-deficient individuals may lead to osteoporosis, as well as an increased risk of fracture. A survey was conducted in young Japanese women (n = 296, 21.2 ± 2.3 years old) on their Ca/VitD intakes and serum 25(OH)D levels, which demonstrated a significant positive correlation between VitD intake and serum 25(OH)D levels (R (2) = 0...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101649/intestinal-incretins-and-the-regulation-of-bone-physiology
#12
Walter Ramsey, Carlos M Isales
Although originally identified as modulators of nutrient absorption, the gut hormones gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), and glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) have also been found to play an important role in the regulation of bone turnover. These "incretin" hormones promote bone anabolism by stimulating osteoblast differentiation as well as increasing osteoblast longevity. In addition, GIP and perhaps GLP-2 attenuate the activity of osteoclastic cells, leading to a net increase in bone deposition and ultimately increasing bone mass...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091930/self-administered-vitamin-d-status-predictor-older-adults-are-able-to-use-a-self-questionnaire-for-evaluating-their-vitamin-d-status
#13
Cedric Annweiler, Anastasiia Kabeshova, Alix Callens, Marie-Liesse Paty, Guillaume T Duval, Michael F Holick
BACKGROUND: The 16-item Vitamin D Status Predictor (VDSP) questionnaire helps to identify, without resorting to a blood test, older adults with low vitamin D concentrations. Our objective was to determine whether a self-administered VDSP was concordant with the VDSP administered by a physician, and to examine the concordance of every single item of the VDSP. METHODS: A total of 349 older in- and outpatients (mean, 83.2±7.2years; 59% female) were consecutively recruited in the geriatric ward of the University Hospital of Angers, France...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079994/osteomicrobiology-a-new-cross-disciplinary-research-field
#14
REVIEW
Claes Ohlsson, Klara Sjögren
The mutualistic interaction between the gut microbiota (GM) and its host profoundly shapes many aspects of our physiology. The composition and activity of the gut microbiota is modulated by environmental factors such as dietary habits and antibiotic treatments. In rodents, studies demonstrate that the GM is a crucial regulator of bone metabolism and that modulation of the GM composition by probiotic interventions can prevent castration-induced bone loss. Short-term colonization of germ-free mice with GM results in an activation of CD4+T cells, resulting in increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in bone and thereby activation of osteoclastic bone resorption...
October 27, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062349/lifestyle-factors-influencing-bone-health-in-young-adult-women-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Lina F Hammad, Nada Benajiba
AIM: To analyze risk factors leading to osteopenia and osteoporosis among young female students. METHODS: Quantitative Ultrasonography measurements were performed in the calcaneal region of 101 young Saudi females. Dietary habits, exercising and sun exposure were assessed using questionnaires. The association between the different studied factors was assessed by Pearson test and multiple linear regression model. RESULTS: Participants diagnosed with either osteopenia or osteoporosis (>33%...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051986/the-relationship-between-fatty-liver-index-and-bone-mineral-density-in-koreans-knhanes-2010-2011
#16
S H Ahn, D H Seo, S H Kim, M-S Nam, S Hong
Analyses using a nationally representative cohort have revealed that high fatty liver index (FLI) is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) regardless of insulin resistance in men, thereby supporting the deteriorated bone metabolism in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). INTRODUCTION: NAFLD is linked to deteriorated bone health. We investigated the association of FLI, a scoring model for NAFLD, with BMD. METHODS: This was a population-based, cross-sectional study from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys including 4264 Koreans (1908 men and 2356 women)...
October 19, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044768/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-and-low-bone-mass-among-puerto-rican-older-adults
#17
Sabrina E Noel, Kelsey M Mangano, John L Griffith, Nicole C Wright, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Katherine L Tucker
Historically, osteoporosis has not been considered a public health priority for the Hispanic population. However, recent data indicate that Mexican Americans are at increased risk for this chronic condition. Although it is well established that there is heterogeneity in social, lifestyle, and health-related factors among Hispanic subgroups, there are currently few studies on bone health among Hispanic subgroups other than Mexican Americans. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass (LBM) among 953 Puerto Rican adults, aged 47 to 79 yr and living on the U...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030560/risk-of-sarcopenia-and-osteoporosis-in-male-tuberculosis-survivors-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#18
Chang-Jin Choi, Whan-Seok Choi, Churl-Min Kim, Sook-Young Lee, Kyung-Soo Kim
Short-term prospective studies have suggested that pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) preludes permanent loss of lean tissue and fat mass even when TB treatment is effective. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of sarcopenia and osteoporosis among Korean male TB survivors. Data of the population-based, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) (2008-2011) were analyzed, including 3,228 males aged 50 years or older who underwent chest X-ray (CXR) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027270/the-yerba-mate-intake-has-a-neutral-effect-on-bone-a-case-control-study-in-postmenopausal-women
#19
Denise T A da Veiga, Raísa Bringhenti, Aline A Bolignon, Etiane Tatsh, Rafael N Moresco, Fabio V Comim, Melissa O Premaor
Nutritional factors have been associated with osteoporosis and fractures. The intake of coffee may increase the risk of fracture whereas the intake of black and green tea is associated with its reduction. Recently, consumption of yerba mate was associated with increased bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Nonetheless, its influence on fracture is not known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of yerba mate tea intake on fractures, bone markers, calcium homeostasis, and oxidative stress in postmenopausal women...
October 13, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987632/moderate-hyperhomocysteinemia-induced-by-short-term-dietary-methionine-overload-alters-bone-microarchitecture-and-collagen-features-during-growth
#20
Petar Milovanovic, Dragan Hrncic, Ksenija Radotic, Mira Stankovic, Dragosav Mutavdzic, Danijela Djonic, Aleksandra Rasic-Markovic, Dragan Djuric, Olivera Stanojlovic, Marija Djuric
AIMS: In general, hyperhomocysteinemia is increasingly appreciated as a risk factor for various diseases, including osteoporosis. However, its effects in non-adults remain largely unknown. Our aim was to determine whether dietary-caused increased homocysteine levels have deleterious effects on bone structure during growth. MAIN METHODS: We developed a model of moderate hyperhomocysteinemia caused by short-term methionine nutritional overload in growing rats. 30-days-old male Wistar albino rats were randomly assigned to either experimental group subject to a 30-days hypermethionine diet or control group...
October 4, 2017: Life Sciences
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