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zinc children

Rola Abu Dalfa, Khaled I Abu El Aish, Mohamed El Raai, Nermeen El Gazaly, Ahmed Shatat
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea causes 15% of under-5 mortality in developing countries. Zinc (Zn) stores in the body are known to be depleted during acute diarrhoea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Zn given with standard treatment to children with acute or moderate diarrhoea. METHODS: In this quasi-unmasked, parallel-group study, we enrolled children with diarrhoea at El-Dorra Paediatric Hospital, Gaza Strip, occupied Palestinian territory. Inclusion criteria were children with more than three unformed stools in the preceding 24 h, duration of diarrhoea up to 72 h, and ability to accept oral fluids or feeds...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Siyang Liu, Shuhan Tian, Kexin Li, Lingqing Wang, Tao Liang
The lack of management in small-scale mining operations has the potential for negative repercussions, e.g., mine collapses, compared with well-regulated large-scale mines. Here, we used an in vitro model to investigate heavy metal soil pollution characteristics and their attendant health risks in an abandoned, small-scale lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) mine located in southwestern China that had suffered from collapse. Our results showed the following: (1) Even the mine had been closed for many years, the soil was still heavily polluted by Pb, cadmium (Cd), and Zn, and there is a risk of secondary pollution...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Atqah AbdulWahab, Aseel Zeidan, Tony Avades, Prem Chandra, Ashraf Soliman
Asthma is one of the most common chronic disorders among children. Zinc (Zn) is an essential dietary antioxidant and may have a special role in assisting the airways of asthmatic subjects. The primary objective of this study was to measure serum Zn levels among asthmatic school children and to compare this to the serum Zn level in non-asthmatic children. The secondary objective was to investigate the relationship between Zn levels and the degree of asthma control. A cross-sectional study following forty asthmatic children and forty matched non-asthmatic children of both genders was conducted...
March 16, 2018: Children
Ayse Betul Ergul, Cem Turanoglu, Cigdem Karakukcu, Serap Karaman, Yasemin Altuner Torun
Objective: The aim of the present study is to determine the presence of iron (Fe) deficiency and Fe deficiency anemia in children with zinc (Zn) deficiency. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study comprised 560 patients aged 6 months to 16 years in whom Zn levels in hair samples were measured concurrently with serum levels of ferritin, Fe, Fe-binding capacity, and blood count analysis. For all patients, we retrospectively assessed serum ferritin, serum Fe, Fe-binding capacity, transferrin saturation index, red blood cell count, hemoglobin levels, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, and red cell distribution width (RDW)...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Bo Xia, Lei Wang, Li Feng, Baofang Tian, Yuanjie Tan, Baoyin Du
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. This study aimed to explore the effects of long non-coding RNA CAT104 and microRNA-381 (miR-381) on osteosarcoma cell proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis, as well as the underlying potential mechanism. We found that CAT104 was highly expressed in osteosarcoma MG-63 and OS-732 cells. Knockdown of CAT104 significantly inhibited OS-732 cell proliferation, migration and invasion, but promoted cell apoptosis. CAT104 regulated the expression of miR-381 and miR-381 participated in the effects of CAT104 on OS-732 cells...
March 9, 2018: Oncology Research
William A Masters, Katherine L Rosettie, Sarah Kranz, Goodarz Danaei, Patrick Webb, Dariush Mozaffarian
Improving maternal and child nutrition in resource-poor settings requires effective use of limited resources, but priority-setting is constrained by limited information about program costs and impacts, especially for interventions designed to improve diet quality. This study utilized a mixed methods approach to identify, describe and estimate the potential costs and impacts on child dietary intake of 12 nutrition-sensitive programs in Ethiopia, Nigeria and India. These potential interventions included conditional livestock and cash transfers, media and education, complementary food processing and sales, household production and food pricing programs...
March 7, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Lisa Daniels, Sheila M Williams, Rosalind S Gibson, Rachael W Taylor, Samir Samman, Anne-Louise M Heath
Suboptimal zinc status is common in very young children and likely associated with increased risk of infection and detrimental effects on growth. No studies have determined potentially modifiable "predictors" of zinc status in toddlers from high-income countries. This cross-sectional analysis of 115 toddlers from the Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS (BLISS) study used weighed diet records (three non-consecutive days) to assess dietary intake, and a venous blood sample (trace-element free techniques) to assess plasma zinc, at 12 months of age...
March 5, 2018: Nutrients
James S Miller, Lacey English, Michael Matte, Rapheal Mbusa, Moses Ntaro, Shem Bwambale, Jessica Kenney, Mark J Siedner, Raquel Reyes, Patrick T Lee, Edgar Mulogo, Geren S Stone
BACKGROUND: Village health workers (VHWs) in five villages in Bugoye subcounty (Kasese District, Uganda) provide integrated community case management (iCCM) services, in which VHWs evaluate and treat malaria, pneumonia, and diarrhoea in children under 5 years of age. VHWs use a "Sick Child Job Aid" that guides them through the evaluation and treatment of these illnesses. A retrospective observational study was conducted to measure the quality of iCCM care provided by 23 VHWs in 5 villages in Bugoye subcounty over a 2-year period...
February 27, 2018: Malaria Journal
K S Akinwande, O A Morenikeji, O G Arinola
Adequate nutrition is essential for normal growth of children but helminth infection is proposed to cause nutritional deficiencies. This study was carried out to assess the nutritional status of helminth infected school aged children in semi-urban communities of South-West Nigeria. Two hundred children from primary schools in Akinyele Local Government of Oyo State, Nigeria participated in the study. Anthropometric measurements were analyzed using the WHO AnthroPlus software. Kato Katz method was used to detect ova of helminths in the stool while serum levels of iron, zinc, selenium, ferritin, transferrin, vitamin A, vitamin C and haptoglobin were measured using High Performance Liquid Chromatography and Atomic Absorption Spectophotometry as appropriate...
December 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
Janne Anita Kvammen, Rut Anne Thomassen, Mari Borge Eskerud, Jarle Rugtveit, Christine Henriksen
OBJECTIVES AND STUDY: To study micronutrient status and nutritional intake from complementary feeding in children on a cows' milk exclusion (CME) diet. METHODS: Fifty-seven children with cows' milk allergy, aged < 2 years, were included in a cross-sectional study. Blood was analysed for micronutrient status. Complementary feeding was defined as all solids and liquids except of breastmilk, and assessed by 3-day food diary. The results were analysed according to three feeding patterns: mainly breastfed (mBF), partially breastfed (pBF) and no breastmilk group (nBM)...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Marion Fiorentino, Marlène Perignon, Khov Kuong, Chhoun Chamnan, Jacques Berger, Frank T Wieringa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Inayat Ur Rehman, Muhammad Ishaq, Liaqat Ali, Sardar Khan, Imtiaz Ahmad, Imran Ud Din, Hameed Ullah
This study focuses on enrichment, spatial distribution, potential ecological risk index (PERI) and human health risk of various toxic metals taken via soil and surface water in the vicinity of Sewakht mines, Pakistan. The samples of soils (n = 54) of different fields and surface water (n = 38) were analyzed for toxic metals including cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn) and molybdenum (Mo). Soil pollution level was evaluated using pollution indices including geo-accumulation index (Igeo), contamination factor (CF), degree of contamination (CD), enrichment factor (EF) and PERI...
February 16, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Arjun L Khandare, Vakdevi Validandi, Naveen Boiroju
The present study aimed to determine the serum trace elements (copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg)) along with erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity and effect of intervention with safe drinking water for 5 years in the school children of fluorosis endemic area. For this purpose, three categories of villages were selected based on drinking water fluoride (F): Category I (control, F = 1.68 mg/L), category II (affected F = 3.77 mg/L), and category III (intervention village) where initial drinking water F was 4...
February 17, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Slobodan Culina, Ana Ines Lalanne, Georgia Afonso, Karen Cerosaletti, Sheena Pinto, Guido Sebastiani, Klaudia Kuranda, Laura Nigi, Anne Eugster, Thomas Østerbye, Alicia Maugein, James E McLaren, Kristin Ladell, Etienne Larger, Jean-Paul Beressi, Anna Lissina, Victor Appay, Howard W Davidson, Søren Buus, David A Price, Matthias Kuhn, Ezio Bonifacio, Manuela Battaglia, Sophie Caillat-Zucman, Francesco Dotta, Raphael Scharfmann, Bruno Kyewski, Roberto Mallone
The human leukocyte antigen-A2 (HLA-A2)-restricted zinc transporter 8186-194 (ZnT8186-194 ) and other islet epitopes elicit interferon-γ secretion by CD8+ T cells preferentially in type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients compared with controls. We show that clonal ZnT8186-194 -reactive CD8+ T cells express private T cell receptors and display equivalent functional properties in T1D and healthy individuals. Ex vivo analyses further revealed that CD8+ T cells reactive to ZnT8186-194 and other islet epitopes circulate at similar frequencies and exhibit a predominantly naïve phenotype in age-matched T1D and healthy donors...
February 2, 2018: Science Immunology
Shamshad Karatela, Neil I Ward, Irene Suilan Zeng, Janis Paterson
OBJECTIVE: Elemental deficiencies or in excess effects growth and development. Pacific population are at a disadvantage due to food insecurity as compared to New Zealand European households. This study aims to evaluate the status and interrelationship of elements (essential, non-essential and toxic) in nine-year-old Pacific children who were part of the Pacific Island Families Study living in New Zealand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational study included 278 eligible nine-year-old children...
March 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Fernanda Martins de Albuquerque, Mariana De Santis Filgueiras, Naruna Pereira Rocha, Ana Paula Pereira Castro, Luana Cupertino Milagres, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Fransceschini, Juliana Farias de Novaes
The objective of the study was to assess the association between serum zinc level and cardiometabolic factors in prepubertal Brazilian children. This was a cross-sectional study in a representative sample of schoolchildren 8 to 9 years of age in public and private urban schools in Viçosa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Body composition was assessed with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. The study measured serum glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoproteins A (Apo A) and B, uric acid, leptin, homocysteine, ultrasenstive C-reactive protein, and serum zinc...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Firat H Altin, Bahar Ozturk Kurt, Ibrahim C Tanidir, Mehmet Kaya, Okan Yildiz, Meliha Z Kahraman, Sinem B Celebi, Erkut Ozturk, Semra Ozdemir
Trace elements are essential micronutrients for the human body. In this study, we evaluated the alterations in copper, chromium, manganese, selenium, magnesium, zinc, iron, arsenic, boron, and silicon levels in children with cyanotic and acyanotic CHD who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Participants were divided into the following three groups: patients acyanotic CHDs (n=34), patients with cyanotic CHDs (n=30), and healthy controls (n=30). Blood samples were collected before the surgery and 1 hour after the sternum was closed...
February 7, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Marina Dos Santos, Maria Cristina Flores Soares, Paulo Roberto Martins Baisch, Ana Luíza Muccillo Baisch, Flavio Manoel Rodrigues da Silva Júnior
Biomonitoring through urine samples is important for evaluating environmental exposure, since urine is the main form of excretion for most chemical elements. Children are considered more vulnerable to adverse environmental conditions, especially children in developing countries. This study aimed to biomonitor trace elements in urine samples in children from a coal-mining region in the extreme south of Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 96 children between 6 and 11 years of age. Socioeconomic data and urine samples were collected to estimate the concentration of iron, zinc, selenium, lead, and cadmium...
January 19, 2018: Chemosphere
Nathan Cofnas
According to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics' influential position statement on vegetarianism, meat and seafood can be replaced with milk, soy/legumes, and eggs without any negative effects in children. The United States Department of Agriculture endorses a similar view. The present paper argues that the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics ignores or gives short shrift to direct and indirect evidence that vegetarianism may be associated with serious risks for brain and body development in fetuses and children...
February 6, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Cel Evans, J Hutchinson, M S Christian, N Hancock, J E Cade
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The use of simple screening tools to measure nutritional adequacy in a public health context in developed countries are currently lacking. We explore the relationship between food variety and nutrient intake of London school children using a simple tool with potential use for screening for inadequate diets. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 2010. The survey included 2579 children aged 7-10 years in 52 primary schools in East London in the United Kingdom...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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