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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162164/vitamin-d-status-is-associated-with-underweight-and-stunting-in-children-aged-6-36-months-residing-in-the-ecuadorian-andes
#1
Rana R Mokhtar, Michael F Holick, Fernando Sempértegui, Jeffrey K Griffiths, Bertha Estrella, Lynn L Moore, Matthew P Fox, Davidson H Hamer
OBJECTIVE: There is limited knowledge on vitamin D status of children residing in the Andes and its association with undernutrition. We evaluated the vitamin D status of children residing in a low socio-economic status (SES) setting in the Ecuadorian Andes and assessed the association between vitamin D status, stunting and underweight. We hypothesized that children who were underweight would have lower serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and lower 25(OH)D levels would be associated with a higher risk of stunting...
November 22, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152688/serum-zinc-levels-as-a-predictor-of-severity-of-acute-diarrhea
#2
Astha Agarwal, Navratan Kumar Gupta, Amit Upadhyay, R K Soni, Dheeraj Shah, Vijay Jaiswal
OBJECTIVE: To determine relationship between serum zinc levels and severity of diarrhea as determined by hydration status, duration of diarrhea and requirement for hospitalization. Also, to compare serum zinc levels in relation to rotavirus status. METHODS: A prospective observational study which included 254 children aged 6 mo to 5 y with diarrhea was conducted. RESULTS: Serum zinc levels could be estimated in 198 children. Median (IQR) serum zinc levels of study population were 73...
November 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147139/insights-into-the-management-of-wilson-s-disease
#3
REVIEW
Mohmadshakil Kathawala, Gideon M Hirschfield
Wilson's disease is a rare, inherited autosomal recessive disease of copper metabolism, in which the causative gene, ATP7B, results in absent or reduced function of the ATP7B transporter important for biliary excretion of copper and incorporation of copper into caeruloplasmin. Affected patients accumulate excessive copper within the liver, brain and other tissues. A disease mainly of children, adolescents and young adults; clinical features vary from the asymptomatic state to chronic liver disease, acute liver failure, and neuropsychiatric manifestations...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143766/assessment-of-micronutrient-status-in-critically-ill-children-challenges-and-opportunities
#4
REVIEW
Duy T Dao, Lorenzo Anez-Bustillos, Bennet S Cho, Zhilling Li, Mark Puder, Kathleen M Gura
Micronutrients refer to a group of organic vitamins and inorganic trace elements that serve many functions in metabolism. Assessment of micronutrient status in critically ill children is challenging due to many complicating factors, such as evolving metabolic demands, immature organ function, and varying methods of feeding that affect nutritional dietary intake. Determination of micronutrient status, especially in children, usually relies on a combination of biomarkers, with only a few having been established as a gold standard...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141752/differences-in-nutritional-and-health-status-in-school-children-from-the-highlands-and-lowlands-of-bolivia
#5
Graciela Terán, Washington Cuna, Froilán Brañez, Kristina E M Persson, Martín E Rottenberg, Susanne Nylén, Celeste Rodriguez
Children in the Bolivian Andes are exposed to endemic infections and meager nourishment, and live under poor hygienic conditions. The prevention of children malnutrition is a priority in many countries including Bolivia. In this study, the health status of schoolchildren in Taraco, a Puna district, at 4,000 meters above sea level (masl) and in Caranavi, at 650 masl in the wealthier subtropical valleys, was compared. The weight, height, and hematological and biochemical parameters in blood, parasites in stool, and clinical information in 120 children from rural Taraco and in 96 from semi-urban Caranavi, both predominantly of Aymara ethnicity, were registered...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141505/serum-zinc-copper-and-iron-status-of-children-with-coeliac-disease-on-three-months-of-gluten-free-diet-with-or-without-four-weeks-of-zinc-supplements-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
K Negi, R Kumar, L Sharma, S P Datta, M Choudhury, P Kumar
Data about the effect of zinc supplementation with gluten-free diet on normalisation of plasma zinc, copper and iron in patients with coeliac disease are scanty. We evaluated the effect of zinc supplementation on serum zinc, copper and iron levels in patients with coeliac disease, by randomising 71 children newly diagnosed with coeliac disease into two groups: Group A = gluten-free diet (GFD); and Group B = gluten-free diet with zinc supplements (GFD +Zn). The rise in iron and zinc was significantly higher in the latter, but the mean rise of copper levels was slightly higher in the former, but the difference was not significant...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138201/effect-of-iron-and-zinc-biofortified-pearl-millet-consumption-on-growth-and-immune-competence-in-children-aged-12-18-months-in-india-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Saurabh Mehta, Julia L Finkelstein, Sudha Venkatramanan, Samantha L Huey, Shobha A Udipi, Padmini Ghugre, Caleb Ruth, Richard L Canfield, Anura V Kurpad, Ramesh D Potdar, Jere D Haas
INTRODUCTION: Biofortified crops represent a sustainable agricultural solution for the widespread micronutrient malnutrition in India and other resource-limited settings. This study aims to investigate the effect of the consumption of foods prepared with iron- and zinc-biofortified pearl millet (FeZn-PM) by children on biomarkers of iron and zinc status, growth, and immune function. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a randomised controlled feeding trial in identified slums of Mumbai, India among 200 children aged between 12 and 18 months...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094796/severely-inadequate-micronutrient-intake-among-children-9-24%C3%A2-months-in-nepal-the-mal-ed-birth-cohort-study
#8
Marianne S Morseth, Liv Elin Torheim, Ram K Chandyo, Manjeswori Ulak, Sanjaya K Shrestha, Binob Shrestha, Are Hugo Pripp, Sigrun Henjum
Prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies is high among infants and children in low- and middle income countries, but knowledge about nutrient adequacy across the complementary feeding period is limited. We investigated probability of adequacy (PA) of breast milk and complementary food combined and nutrient density adequacy (NDA) of complementary food and tracking of NDA over time among 229 children from 9-24 months of age in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Monthly, 24 h dietary recalls (16 in total) were performed and subgrouped into four 4-month time periods...
November 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093728/qtl-mapping-of-grain-zn-and-fe-concentrations-in-two-hexaploid-wheat-ril-populations-with-ample-transgressive-segregation
#9
Leonardo A Crespo-Herrera, Velu Govindan, James Stangoulis, Yuanfeng Hao, Ravi P Singh
More than 50% of undernourished children live in Asia and more than 25% live in Africa. Coupled with an inadequate food supply, mineral deficiencies are widespread in these populations; particularly zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) deficiencies that lead to retarded growth, adverse effects on both the immune system and an individual's cognitive abilities. Biofortification is one solution aimed at reducing the incidence of these deficiencies. To efficiently breed a biofortified wheat variety, it is important to generate knowledge of the genomic regions associated with grain Zn (GZn) and Fe (GFe) concentration...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081122/-analysis-of-blood-lead-level-of-children-living-around-lead-zinc-mines
#10
Y C Luo, H Y Zhao, W M Zhu, B Ruan, W Qiu, L Li
Objective: To investigate the blood lead level of children living around lead-zinc mining areas, in order to analyze its distribution features of the population. Methods: In August 2016, three natural villiages around lead-zinc mines were selected randomly as survey sites, which were grouped A, B and C according to each distances from the center field, totally 1 379 children from the three villages were selected by cluster random sampling method as the investigation subjects, and their elbow peripheral vein blood samples were collected to determine the blood lead level by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry...
August 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073902/clinical-and-radiographic-evaluation-of-pulpectomy-in-primary-teeth-a-18-months-clinical-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Xiaoxian Chen, Xinggang Liu, Jie Zhong
BACKGROUND: To avoid untoward changes when primary teeth are replaced by permanent teeth, resorption of the material used in primary teeth root canal filling should occur at the same rate as root resorption. The Aim of this study was to compare the success rates of a mixed primary root canal filling (MPRCF, ingredients: zinc oxide-eugenol [ZOE], iodoform, calcium hydroxide) to those of ZOE and Vitapex in pulpectomised primary molars. METHODS: One hundred and sixty primary molars from 155 children (average age 5...
October 27, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072712/the-determinants-of-lead-and-cadmium-blood-levels-for-preschool-children-from-industrially-contaminated-sites-in-poland
#12
Małgorzata Kowalska, Elżbieta Kulka, Wanda Jarosz, Michał Kowalski
OBJECTIVES: Industrially contaminated sites (ICS) represent an important public health issue in European countries. The Silesian Voivodeship, the region located in the southern part of Poland, the historical center of industry, has many sites that meet ICS criteria. Most of them are landfills containing lead, cadmium and zinc. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of the study has been to evaluate determinants of lead and cadmium blood levels for preschool children living in the vicinity of selected environmental hazards in Piekary Śląskie, the city located in the region of Silesia...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070548/excess-iron-considerations-related-to-development-and-early-growth
#13
REVIEW
Marianne Wessling-Resnick
What effects might arise from early life exposures to high iron? This review considers the specific effects of high iron on the brain, stem cells, and the process of erythropoiesis and identifies gaps in our knowledge of what molecular damage may be incurred by oxidative stress that is imparted by high iron status in early life. Specific areas to enhance research on this topic include the following: longitudinal behavioral studies of children to test associations between iron exposures and mood, emotion, cognition, and memory; animal studies to determine epigenetic changes that reprogram brain development and metabolic changes in early life that could be followed through the life course; and the establishment of human epigenetic markers of iron exposures and oxidative stress that could be monitored for early origins of adult chronic diseases...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070544/excess-iron-intake-as-a-factor-in-growth-infections-and-development-of-infants-and-young-children
#14
REVIEW
Bo Lönnerdal
The provision of iron via supplementation or the fortification of foods has been shown to be effective in preventing and treating iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in infants and young children. However, iron is a pro-oxidative element and can have negative effects on biological systems even at moderate amounts. An increasing number of studies have reported adverse effects of iron that was given to infants and young-children populations who initially were iron replete. These effects include decreased growth (both linear growth and weight), increased illness (usually diarrhea), interactions with other trace elements such as copper and zinc, altered gut microbiota to more pathogenic bacteria, increased inflammatory markers, and impaired cognitive and motor development...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054627/influence-of-diet-in-urinary-levels-of-metals-in-a-biomonitoring-study-of-a-child-population-of-the-valencian-region-spain
#15
Rosa Pérez, Eva Doménech, Andrea Conchado, Alfredo Sanchez, Clara Coscollà, Vicent Yusà
Pollution by trace elements and its possible effect on organisms has become a worldwide concern due to the increasing presence of trace elements in the environment and especially in the food chain. Exposure to chemicals has traditionally been measured using environmental samples, however, human biomonitoring brings a different perspective, in which all sources and exposure pathways are integrated. The objective of this paper is to discern the possible relationship between children's diet and the metals found in children urine...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036551/comparative-study-of-the-growth-and-nutritional-status-of-brazilian-and-nigerian-school-aged-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#16
Samuel A Adegoke, Maria S Figueiredo, Adekunle D Adekile, Josefina A P Braga
Background: Comparative studies of patients in different sociogeographic/ecological zones may unravel potential environmental and nutritional factors influencing disease phenotype. In sickle cell disease (SCD), differential access to comprehensive care may influence their growth and nutritional status. Methods: From June 2015 to February 2016, steady-state nutritional parameters of 109 Brazilian and 95 Nigerian children with SCD attending routine clinic visits at Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil and Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife (Ilesa unit), respectively, were compared...
September 28, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034175/refining-low-protein-modular-feeds-for-children-on-low-protein-tube-feeds-with-organic-acidaemias
#17
A Daly, S Evans, C Ashmore, S Chahal, S Santra, A MacDonald
Children with inherited metabolic disorders (IMD) who are dependent on tube feeding and require a protein restriction are commonly fed by 'modular tube feeds' consisting of several ingredients. A longitudinal, prospective two-phase study, conducted over 18 months assessed the long-term efficacy of a pre-measured protein-free composite feed. This was specifically designed to meet the non-protein nutritional requirements of children (aged over 1 year) with organic acidaemias on low protein enteral feeds and to be used as a supplement with an enteral feeding protein source...
December 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026398/where-there-is-no-doctor-can-volunteer-community-health-workers-in-rural-uganda-provide-integrated-community-case-management
#18
Jennifer L Brenner, Celestine Barigye, Samuel Maling, Jerome Kabakyenga, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Denise Buchner, Teddy Kyomuhangi, Carolyn Pim, Kathryn Wotton, Natukwatsa Amon, Nalini Singhal
INTRODUCTION: Integrated community case management (iCCM) involves assessment and treatment of common childhood illnesses by community health workers (CHWs). Evaluation of a new Ugandan iCCM program is needed. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess if iCCM by lay volunteer CHWs is feasible and if iCCM would increase proportions of children treated for fever, pneumonia, and diarrhoea in rural Uganda. METHODS: This pre/post study used a quasi-experimental design and non-intervention comparison community...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025801/zinc-supplementation-for-pediatric-pneumonia
#19
Teeranai Sakulchit, Ran D Goldman
Question Among young children suffering from pneumonia, zinc deficiency has been documented in many countries. Is supplementation with zinc effective in the treatment and prevention of childhood pneumonia? Answer Several studies reported that zinc supplementation for more than 3 months was effective for preventing pneumonia in children younger than 5 years of age; however, the evidence is not sufficient to confirm its prophylactic properties if it is given for shorter periods of time. Adjunctive zinc supplementation for treatment of pneumonia has failed to show a benefit...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992839/-symptomatic-zinc-deficiency-in-a-breast-fed-infant
#20
EDITORIAL
Lone Hvid, Gitte Zachariassen, Karina Dyrvig Honoré, Anne Birgitte Simonsen
Nutrition containing zinc is of special practical importance in infants and children. Perinatal zinc deficiency manifestations include erosive dermatitis, alopecia, diarrhoea, central nervous system dysfunction and immune system deficiency. We present a case story of an ex-preterm, exclusively breast-fed infant who presented with irritability, clinical signs of infection, an atypical rash and signs of oral candidiasis. Blood tests showed low plasma levels of zinc and subsequent analysis showed reduced zinc levels in the breast milk...
October 9, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
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