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zinc children

Liejy Agnes Landim, Marcia Luiza Dos Santos Beserra Pessoa, Amanda de Castro Amorim Serpa Brandão, Marcelo Antonio Morgano, Marcos Antônio De Mota Araújo Marcos Antônio de Mota Araújo, Maurisrael De Moura Rocha, José Alfredo Gomes Arêas, Regilda Saraiva Dos Reis Moreira-Araújo
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional intervention in pre-school children using cookies prepared with wheat flour enriched with iron and folic acid (CWFFeFA) and cookies prepared with cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) flour fortified with iron and zinc and wheat flour enriched with iron and folic acid (CCFFeZn + WFFeFA). OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the ingestion of CWFFeFA and CCFFeZn + WFFeFA by pre-school children, using the cowpea variety BRS-Xiquexique, to control iron-deficiency anaemia...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
M Brnić, R F Hurrell, L T Songré-Ouattara, B Diawara, A Kalmogho-Zan, C Tapsoba, C Zeder, R Wegmüller
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Fortifying cereal staples with zinc is a strategy for increasing zinc intake in young children in developing countries. However, phytic acid (PA) naturally present in cereals strongly decreases zinc absorption. A stable-isotope zinc absorption study was conducted in young children to investigate the ability of the PA-degrading enzyme phytase to improve zinc absorption, when added to a cereal porridge immediately before consumption. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fractional absorption of zinc (FAZ) was estimated in 35 young healthy Burkinabe children using the double-isotopic tracer ratio method with (67)Zn as oral tracer and (70)Zn as intravenous tracer, in a crossover design...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
George Moschonis, Ellen G H M van den Heuvel, Christina Mavrogianni, Cécile M Singh-Povel, Michalis Leotsinidis, Yannis Manios
The benefits of dairy consumption seem to extend beyond its significant contribution to ensuring nutrient intake adequacy as indicated by the favourable associations with several health outcomes reported by different studies. The aims of the present study were to examine the associations of milk consumption with fitness, anthropometric and biochemical indices in children and further explore whether the observed associations are attributed to vitamins B₂ and B12 derived from milk. A representative subsample of 600 children aged 9-13 years participating in the Healthy Growth Study was examined...
October 13, 2016: Nutrients
M L Mispireta, L E Caulfield, N Zavaleta, M Merialdi, D L Putnick, M H Bornstein, J A DiPietro
Zinc is an essential micronutrient for the development of the fetal renal, cardiovascular and metabolic systems; however, there is limited evidence of its effects on the postnatal cardiometabolic function. In this study, we evaluated the effect of maternal zinc supplementation during pregnancy on the cardiometabolic profile of the offspring in childhood. A total of 242 pregnant women were randomly assigned to receive a daily supplement containing iron+folic acid with or without zinc. A follow-up study was conducted when children of participating mothers were 4...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Adriana N Mudryj, Harold M Aukema, Paul Fieldhouse, B Nancy Yu
Poor eating habits among children are associated with negative health outcomes. The objective of this study was to use pulse/soy consumption as an indicator to evaluate the eating profile of young Manitobans. Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2.2 were used for analysis and restricted to Manitoba residents aged 2 to 18 years (n = 1840). Consumers were identified as individuals who reported eating at least 1 pulse/soy product during their recall. On any given day, 8.2% of Manitobans reported consumption of pulses/soy...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Berglind Jonsdottir, Christer Larsson, Annelie Carlsson, Gun Forsander, Sten Anders Ivarsson, Åke Lernmark, Johnny Ludvigsson, Claude Marcus, Ulf Samuelsson, Eva Örtqvist, Helena Elding Larsson
CONTEXT: Screening of autoimmune thyroid disease in children and young adults with Type 1 diabetes is important but vary greatly between clinics. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the predictive value of thyroid autoantibodies, thyroid function, islet autoantibodies, and HLA- DQ at diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes for autoimmune thyroid disease during subsequent follow-up. SETTING: 43 Paediatric Endocrinology units Sweden. Design, patients and main outcome measures: At diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes, samples from 2433 children were analysed for autoantibodies against thyroid peroxidase (TPOAb), thyroglobulin (TGAb), glutamic acid decarboxylase (GADA), insulin (IAA), insulinoma-associated protein-2 (IA-2A), and the three variants of the zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8W/R/QA) as well as HLA-DQA1-B1 genotypes and thyroid function...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, David T Bolick, Joy Leng, Greg L Medlock, Glynis L Kolling, Jason A Papin, Jonathan R Swann, Richard L Guerrant
BACKGROUND: Environmental enteropathy, which is linked to undernutrition and chronic infections, affects the physical and mental growth of children in developing areas worldwide. Key to understanding how these factors combine to shape developmental outcomes is to first understand the effects of nutritional deficiencies on the mammalian system including the effect on the gut microbiota. OBJECTIVE: We dissected the nutritional components of environmental enteropathy by analyzing the specific metabolic and gut-microbiota changes that occur in weaned-mouse models of zinc or protein deficiency compared with well-nourished controls...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Aino-Maija Eloranta, Taisa Venäläinen, Sonja Soininen, Henna Jalkanen, Sanna Kiiskinen, Ursula Schwab, Timo A Lakka, Virpi Lindi
BACKGROUND: Data on food sources of nutrients are needed to improve strategies to enhance nutrient intake among girls and boys in Western countries. OBJECTIVE: To identify major food sources of energy, energy nutrients, dietary fibre, and micronutrients, and to study gender differences in these food sources among children. DESIGN: We assessed food consumption and nutrient intake using 4-day food records in a population sample of Finnish girls (n=213) and boys (n=217) aged 6-8 years from the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children Study...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Mahmood Moghimi, Sahar Ashrafzadeh, Sepehr Rassi, Ali Naseh
BACKGROUND: Zinc deficiency in pregnant women is common, especially in the third trimester of pregnancy. However, the available data are insufficient regarding the association between zinc deficiency and congenital malformations in Iranian population. We aimed to evaluate if the maternal serum zinc deficiency is associated with development of major congenital malformations in the newborns. METHODS: This descriptive, case-control study was performed in mothers of 80 neonates with congenital anomalies (Case group) who were admitted to the Mofid Children's Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
October 3, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Ri-Tai Huang, Song Xue, Juan Wang, Jian-Yun Gu, Jia-Hong Xu, Yan-Jie Li, Ning Li, Xiao-Xiao Yang, Hua Liu, Xiao-Dong Zhang, Xin-Kai Qu, Ying-Jia Xu, Xing-Biao Qiu, Ruo-Gu Li, Yi-Qing Yang
As the most common form of birth defect in humans, congenital heart disease (CHD) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality in both children and adults. Increasing evidence demonstrates that genetic defects play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of CHD. However, CHD is of great heterogeneity, and in an overwhelming majority of cases, the genetic determinants underpinning CHD remain elusive. In the present investigation, the coding exons and flanking introns of the CASZ1 gene, which codes for a zinc finger transcription factor essential for the cardiovascular morphogenesis, were sequenced in 172 unrelated patients with CHD...
September 28, 2016: Gene
Xinjiang Lin, Xijin Xu, Xiang Zeng, Long Xu, Zhijun Zeng, Xia Huo
We explored acquired immunity resulting from vaccination in 3 to 7-year-old children, chronically exposed to multiple heavy metals and metalloids, in an e-waste recycling area (Guiyu, China). Child blood levels of ten heavy metals and metalloids, including lead (Pb), arsenic (As), mercury (Hg), chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se), and seven vaccine antibodies (diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, hepatitis B, Japanese encephalitis, polio, measles) were measured...
September 29, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Nabeela Abid, Asia Khatoon, Asma Maqbool, Muhammad Irfan, Aftab Bashir, Irsa Asif, Muhammad Shahid, Asma Saeed, Henrik Brinch-Pedersen, Kauser A Malik
Phytate is a major constituent of wheat seeds and chelates metal ions, thus reducing their bioavailability and so the nutritional value of grains. Transgenic plants expressing heterologous phytase are expected to enhance degradation of phytic acid stored in seeds and are proposed to increase the in vitro bioavailability of mineral nutrients. Wheat transgenic plants expressing Aspergillus japonicus phytase gene (phyA) in wheat endosperm were developed till T3 generation. The transgenic lines exhibited 18-99 % increase in phytase activity and 12-76 % reduction of phytic acid content in seeds...
September 29, 2016: Transgenic Research
Sneha Bharatkumar Bharuka, Praveenkumar S Mandroli
CONTEXT: Reduction of the bacterial populations to levels compatible with periradicular tissue healing is the primary microbiological goal of the endodontic treatment of teeth with apical periodontitis. The number of visits required to treat teeth with apical periodontitis represents one of the most debatable issues in endodontics. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare and evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcome of single- versus two-visit pulpectomy treatment in primary teeth with apical periodontitis at the end of 6-month healing period...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
B P Mallikarjuna Swamy, Mohammad Akhlasur Rahman, Mary Ann Inabangan-Asilo, Amery Amparado, Christine Manito, Prabhjit Chadha-Mohanty, Russell Reinke, Inez H Slamet-Loedin
Zinc (Zn) is one of the most essential micronutrients required for the growth and development of human beings. More than one billion people, particularly children and pregnant women suffer from Zn deficiency related health problems in Asia. Rice is the major staple food for Asians, but the presently grown popular high yielding rice varieties are poor supplier of Zn in their polished form. Breeding rice varieties with high grain Zn has been suggested to be a sustainable, targeted, food-based and cost effective approach in alleviating Zn deficiency...
December 2016: Rice
S Obiri, O D Ansa-Asare, S Mohammed, H F Darko, A G Dartey
Recycling of e-waste using informal or crude techniques poses serious health risk not only to the workers but also to the environment as whole. It is against this background that this paper sought to measure health risk faced by informal e-waste workers from exposure to toxicants such as lead, cadmium, chromium, copper, arsenic, tin, zinc and cobalt via oral and dermal contact with bottom ash and soil. Using random sampling techniques, 3 separate sites each (where burning and manual dismantling of e-wastes are usually carried) were identified, and a total of 402 samples were collected...
October 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Joseph A Carcillo, J Michael Dean, Richard Holubkov, John Berger, Kathleen L Meert, Kanwaljeet J S Anand, Jerry J Zimmerman, Christopher J L Newth, Rick Harrison, Jeri Burr, Douglas F Willson, Carol Nicholson, Michael J Bell, Robert A Berg, Thomas P Shanley, Sabrina M Heidemann, Heidi Dalton, Tammara L Jenkins, Allan Doctor, Angie Webster, Robert F Tamburro
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The pediatric Critical Illness Stress-induced Immune Suppression (CRISIS) trial compared the effectiveness of 2 nutraceutical supplementation strategies and found no difference in the development of nosocomial infection and sepsis in the overall population. We performed an exploratory post hoc analysis of interaction between nutraceutical treatments and host immune status related to the development of nosocomial infection/sepsis. METHODS: Children from the CRISIS trial were analyzed according to 3 admission immune status categories marked by decreasing immune competence: immune competent without lymphopenia, immune competent with lymphopenia, and previously immunocompromised...
September 22, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Milena Černá, Vladimíra Puklová, Lenka Hanzlíková, Lenka Sochorová, Růžena Kubínová
Since 1991 a human biomonitoring network has been established in the Czech Republic as part of the Environmental Health Monitoring System, which was set out by the Government Resolution. During the last quarter-century, important data was obtained to characterize exposure to both children and adult populations to significant toxic substances from the environment, to development trends over time, to establish reference values and compare them with existing health-related values. Moreover, the saturation of population with several essential substances as selenium, zinc, copper or iodine has also been monitored...
September 3, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Jan Hrabeta, Tomas Eckschlager, Marie Stiborova, Zbynek Heger, Sona Krizkova, Vojtech Adam
Zinc ions are essential cofactors of a wide range of enzymes, transcription factors, and other regulatory proteins. Moreover, zinc is also involved in cellular signaling and enzymes inhibition. Zinc dysregulation, deficiency, over-supply, and imbalance in zinc ion transporters regulation are connected with various diseases including cancer. A zinc ion pool is maintained by two types of proteins: (i) zinc-binding proteins, which act as a buffer and intracellular donors of zinc and (ii) zinc transporters responsible for zinc fluxes into/from cells and organelles...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Namanjeet Ahluwalia, Kirsten A Herrick, Lauren M Rossen, Donna Rhodes, Brian Kit, Alanna Moshfegh, Kevin W Dodd
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, few studies have described the usual nutrient intakes of US children aged <2 y or assessed the nutrient adequacy of their diets relative to the recommended Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). OBJECTIVE: We estimated the usual nutrient intake of US children aged 6-23 mo examined in NHANES 2009-2012 and compared them to age-specific DRIs as applicable. DESIGN: Dietary intake was assessed with two 24-h recalls for infants aged 6-11 mo (n = 381) and toddlers aged 12-23 mo (n = 516) with the use of the USDA's Automated Multiple-Pass Method...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Roger Ponka, Elie Fokou, Eric Beaucher, Michel Piot, Frédéric Gaucheron
Malnutrition is a serious public health problem in Cameroon. The research study was conducted to determine nutrient content of some Cameroonian traditional dishes and their potential contribution to dietary reference intakes. These dishes were Ekomba, prepared from maize flour with roasted peanuts paste; Ekwang, prepared from crushed cocoyam tubers and cocoyam leaves; Tenue militaire, prepared from dried maize flour and cocoyam leaves and Koki, prepared from dried crushed cowpea seeds. The samples were subjected to proximate, minerals, carotenoids, and amino acids analyses...
September 2016: Food Science & Nutrition
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