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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298275/the-impact-of-nutritional-interventions-beyond-the-first-2-years-of-life-on-linear-growth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Joseph L Roberts, Aryeh D Stein
A large body of evidence suggests that the first 1000 d from conception is a critical window in which interventions to address malnutrition will be most effective, but little is known about the impact on linear growth of nutritional interventions in children ≥2 y of age. The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of several nutrition-based interventions, specifically iron, zinc, calcium, iodine, vitamin A, multiple (≥2) micronutrients, protein, and food, at improving growth in children ≥2 y of age...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283951/relationships-between-element-contents-in-polish-children-s-and-adolescents-hair
#2
Maria Długaszek, Wojciech Skrzeczanowski
Environment, sex, and age are the main factors which determine the elemental composition of hair. The objective of the study is to determine the contents of calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), lead (Pb), and cadmium (Cd) in girls' and boys' hair in five age groups (within 1-19-year range) corresponding to successive human ontogenesis phases as well as to evaluate the relationships between these elements. Quantitative analysis has been carried out using atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS)...
March 10, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271631/simulated-effects-of-home-fortification-of-complementary-foods-with-micronutrient-powders-on-risk-of-inadequate-and-excessive-intakes-in-west-gojjam-ethiopia
#3
Zeweter Abebe, Gulelat Desse Haki, Kaleab Baye
Home fortification of complementary foods (CFs) with multiple micronutrient powders (MNPs) is being scaled up in various countries, but little is known about the prevailing complementary feeding practices and the type and nutrient gaps to be filled with MNPs. The present study evaluated the complementary feeding practices of young children and simulated the risk of inadequate and excessive intakes associated with home fortification with MNPs. We have assessed the sociodemographic status, anthropometry, and complementary feeding practices of young children (N = 122) in Mecha district, rural Ethiopia...
March 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261556/relationships-between-dietary-intake-and-cognitive-function-in-healthy-korean-children-and-adolescents
#4
Jin Young Kim, Seung Wan Kang
BACKGROUND: It has long been theorized that a relatively robust dietary intake impacts cognitive function. The aim of the study was to explore dietary intake and cognitive function in healthy Korean children and adolescents. METHODS: Three hundred and seventeen healthy children with no previous diagnosis of neurologic or psychiatric disorders were evaluated (167 girls and 150 boys with a mean age of 11.8 ± 3.3 years). Analysis indicators including food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) consisting of 76 items and neurocognitive tests including symbol digit modalities (SDMT), verbal memory, visual memory, shift attention, reasoning, and digit span (forward and backward) tests were observed and recorded...
January 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251481/hair-zinc-and-severity-of-symptoms-are-increased-in-children-with-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-a-hair-multi-element-profile-study
#5
Torsak Tippairote, Piya Temviriyanukul, Wenika Benjapong, Dunyaporn Trachootham
Determination of bioelement levels in hair is an emerging non-invasive approach for screening bioelement deposition. However, the role of essential bioelement levels in hair and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) risk or severity is largely unknown. In this study, we have compared multi-element hair profiles between healthy and ADHD Thai children. In addition, the correlations between bioelements and ADHD symptoms according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, diagnostic criteria were identified...
March 1, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244709/diet-quality-and-eating-behavioural-patterns-in-preschool-children-in-hong-kong
#6
Pui-Sze Yip, Vivian Wai-Yen Chan, Queenie Kwan-Yee Lee, Hang-Mei Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the diet quality and eating behaviour of preschool children, investigate parents' feeding practices, and obtain information on the kindergarten nutrition environment of Hong Kong children aged 30-60 months. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Dietary information was obtained using multiple 24-hour recalls. Questionnaires were developed to obtain information on children' seating behaviour, parents' feeding practices and preschool nutrition environment...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239540/differences-in-preschool-age-children-s-dietary-intake-between-meals-consumed-at-childcare-and-at-home
#7
S B Sisson, A C Kiger, K C Anundson, A H Rasbold, M Krampe, J Campbell, B DeGrace, L Hoffman
Preschool children need optimal nutrition, including a variety of nutrient-dense foods, for growth and development. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in foods and nutrients consumed at childcare and home environments. Children ages 3-to-5 years (n = 90, 3.8 ± 0.7 years; 56% female) from 16 childcare centers participated in this cross-sectional study from 2011 to 2014. Lunches at childcare were observed for two days; three days of dinners at home were reported by caregivers. Nutrient-dense and energy-dense foods were counted and nutrient content of meals was determined using FoodWorks®...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238467/micronutrient-intake-adequacy-in-children-from-birth-to-8-years-data-from-the-childhood-obesity-project
#8
Marta Zaragoza-Jordana, Ricardo Closa-Monasterolo, Veronica Luque, Natàlia Ferré, Veit Grote, Berthold Koletzko, Ingrid Pawellek, Elvira Verduci, Alice ReDionigi, Jerzy Socha, Anna Stolarczyk, Pascale Poncelet, Déborah Rousseaux, Joaquin Escribano
BACKGROUND: In European countries, suboptimal intake has been reported for several micronutrients (as calcium, iron, zinc, vitamin B12, D and folate) in both adulthood and childhood. No studies to date have prospectively compiled nutrient intake from healthy children in different European countries using the same methodology. AIM: To describe the adequacy of micronutrient intake during the first eight years of life in children from 5 European countries. METHODS: Prospective observational trial analyzing data from the EU Childhood Obesity Project...
February 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225210/prophylactic-drug-management-for-febrile-seizures-in-children
#9
REVIEW
Martin Offringa, Richard Newton, Martinus A Cozijnsen, Sarah J Nevitt
BACKGROUND: Febrile seizures occurring in a child older than one month during an episode of fever affect 2% to 4% of children in Great Britain and the United States and recur in 30%. Rapid-acting antiepileptics and antipyretics given during subsequent fever episodes have been used to avoid the adverse effects of continuous antiepileptic drugs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate primarily the effectiveness and safety of antiepileptic and antipyretic drugs used prophylactically to treat children with febrile seizures; but also to evaluate any other drug intervention where there was a sound biological rationale for its use...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222184/ecological-and-human-health-risks-associated-with-abandoned-gold-mine-tailings-contaminated-soil
#10
Veronica Mpode Ngole-Jeme, Peter Fantke
Gold mining is a major source of metal and metalloid emissions into the environment. Studies were carried out in Krugersdorp, South Africa, to evaluate the ecological and human health risks associated with exposure to metals and metalloids in mine tailings contaminated soils. Concentrations of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn) in soil samples from the area varied with the highest contamination factors (expressed as ratio of metal or metalloid concentration in the tailings contaminated soil to that of the control site) observed for As (3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212474/-zinc-phosphide-poisoning-in-pediatric-patients-from-a-toxicology-center-at-mexico-city
#11
María Carmen Socorro Sánchez-Villegas, Alejandro Bárcena-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Zinc phosphide is a chemical compound that is frequently used as a rodenticide; it is a highly toxic product that is widely used, among other spaces, at home. Given that it is a highly commercialized pesticide and that there is no antidote, it is mandatory to establish favorably the clinical manifestations of the intoxication. The aim was to describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of children intoxicated with zinc phosphide attended in a toxicological center of a tertiary referral hospital...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208814/adequacy-of-usual-vitamin-and-mineral-intake-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents-enalia-study
#12
Ana M López-Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio, Liliana G González-Rodríguez, Esther Cuadrado-Soto, Josefa Rubio, Victoria Marcos, Rosa Sanchidrián, Sara Santos, Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Marian Ángeles Dal Re, Carmen Villar, Teresa Robledo, J Javier Castrodeza, Rosa M Ortega
Background: The National Dietary Survey on the Child and Adolescent Population in Spain (ENALIA) provides data to assess the usual micronutrient intake among Spanish infants, children, and adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional survey (November 2012-July 2014) of a representative sample of Spanish children and adolescents (six months-17 years) (n = 1862). Dietary information was collected using two non-consecutive one-day food diaries (six months-10 years old) or two 24 h dietary recalls (11 years and older) separated by at least 14 days...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207797/mutation-increasing-%C3%AE-carotene-concentrations-does-not-adversely-affect-concentrations-of-essential-mineral-elements-in-pepper-fruit
#13
Nasya B Tomlekova, Philip J White, Jacqueline A Thompson, Emil A Penchev, Stephan Nielen
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are prevalent in human populations throughout the world. Vitamin A deficiency affects hundreds of millions of pre-school age children in low income countries. Fruits of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) can be a major dietary source of precursors to Vitamin A biosynthesis, such as β-carotene. Recently, pepper breeding programs have introduced the orange-fruited (of) trait of the mutant variety Oranzheva kapiya, which is associated with high fruit β-carotene concentrations, to the mutant variety Albena...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205320/trace-elements-in-children-suffering-from-sickle-cell-anemia-a%C3%A2-case-control-study
#14
Joseph K Sungu, Olivier Mukuku, Augustin Mulangu Mutombo, Paul Mawaw, Michel N Aloni, Oscar N Luboya
BACKGROUND: Information on serum albumin and trace elements among children suffering from Sickle Cell Anemia (SCA) was poorly documented in Africa. The aim of this study was to describe and to compare different values of trace elements with published reports from other parts of the world. METHODS: We carried out a case-control study. Seventy-six steady state children suffering from SCA (Hb-SS). One hundred and fifty-two children were recruited with 76 (cases, Hb-SS) and 76 (control, Hb-AA) to compare the data...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168597/the-role-of-nutritional-supplements-in-the-treatment-of-adhd-what-the-evidence-says
#15
REVIEW
Klaus W Lange, Joachim Hauser, Katharina M Lange, Ewelina Makulska-Gertruda, Yukiko Nakamura, Andreas Reissmann, Yuko Sakaue, Tomoyuki Takano, Yoshihiro Takeuchi
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral disorder in children and adolescents and may persist into adulthood. Insufficient nutritional supply of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) and other components including various minerals has been suggested to play a role in the development of ADHD symptoms. This review presents the evidence regarding the role of nutritional PUFA, zinc, iron, and magnesium supplements in the treatment of ADHD with a focus on the critical evaluation of the relevant literature published from 2014 to April 2016...
February 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165362/relationship-between-selected-serum-metallic-elements-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescent-in-the-u-s
#16
Yun Fan, Chunlan Zhang, Jin Bu
The prevalence of obesity has increased at an alarming rate worldwide. Metallic elements are involved in the pathogenesis of obesity and related diseases. To date, whether environmental exposure to metallic elements has effects on obesity in children and adolescents is still unclear. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association of blood metallic elements with obesity in U.S. children and adolescents. This cross-sectional study was performed with 5404 children and adolescents (6-19 years, 2745 males and 2659 females) who participated in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014...
February 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154759/diarrhea-no-more-does-zinc-help-the-poor-evidence-on-the-effectiveness-of-programmatic-efforts-to-reach-poorest-in-delivering-zinc-and-ors-at-scale-in-up-and-gujarat-india
#17
Amnesty E LeFevre, Diwakar Mohan, Sarmila Mazumder, Laura L Lamberti, Sunita Taneja, Robert E Black, Christa L Fischer-Walker
BACKGROUND: India has the greatest burden of diarrhea in children under 5 years globally. The Diarrhea Alleviation through zinc and oral rehydration salts (ORS) Therapy program (2010-2014) sought to improve access to and utilization of zinc and ORS among children 2-59 months in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh (UP), India, through public and private sector delivery channels. In this analysis, we present findings on program's effect in reducing child-health inequities. METHODS: Data from cross-sectional baseline and endline surveys were used to assess disparities in key outcomes across six dimensions: socioeconomic strata, gender, caregiver education, ethnicity and geography...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152989/small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-containing-different-amounts-of-zinc-along-with-diarrhea-and-malaria-treatment-increase-iron-and-vitamin-a-status-and-reduce-anemia-prevalence-but-do-not-affect-zinc-status-in-young-burkinabe-children-a-cluster
#18
Souheila Abbeddou, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Jérome W Somé, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, Kenneth H Brown, Sonja Y Hess
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effects of providing a package of interventions including small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) containing 0, 5 or 10 mg zinc and illness treatment to Burkinabe children from 9 to 18 months of age, on biomarkers of zinc, iron and vitamin A status at 18 months and compared with a non-intervention cohort (NIC). METHODS: Using a two-stage cluster randomized trial design, communities were randomly assigned to the intervention cohort (IC) or NIC, and extended family compounds within the IC were randomly assigned to different treatment groups...
February 2, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150350/nutrient-intakes-and-compliance-with-nutrient-recommendations-in-children-aged-1-4-years-in-ireland
#19
J Walton, L Kehoe, B A McNulty, A P Nugent, A Flynn
BACKGROUND: The early childhood years represent a period of rapid growth and development characterised by unique requirements for energy and individual nutrients. METHODS: The present study uses data from the National Pre-School Nutrition Survey, a nationally representative sample of Irish children (1-4 years) (n = 500), aiming to estimate energy and nutrient intakes across age and compliance with recommendations (UK and European). A 4-day weighed food-record was used to collect dietary data and statistical modelling (National Cancer Institute method) was applied to estimate usual nutrient intakes...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138163/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-zinc-supplementation-in-tablets-form-with-that-of-the-suspension-form-in-the-treatment-of-acute-diarrhoea
#20
Sarwat Urooj, Hafeez Ullah Memon, Yasmeen Memon, Bibi Shazia Ali
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of zinc supplementation in tablet form with that of the suspension form in the treatment of acute diarrhoea. METHODS: A comparative study was carried out at the Liaquat University Hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan from October 2008 to April 2009, and comprised children aged6-24 months suffering from acute diarrhoea. The patients were divided into two groups on the basis of even and odd numbers. Group A (even numbers) received dispersible zinc tablets, and group B (odd numbers) received zinc suspension...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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