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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633769/blisters-in-ankle-fractures-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
David González Quevedo, Juan Manuel Sánchez Siles, Facundo Rojas Tomba, Iskandar Tamimi Mariño, Manuel Francisco Bravo Bardaji, Francisco Villanueva Pareja
The most frequent postoperative complications after an ankle fracture are usually skin related. We present the results of a retrospective study of 112 patients with ankle fracture who had undergone open reduction and internal fixation from January 2014 to December 2014. The following features were analyzed: patient comorbidities, fracture type, the presence of an open fracture or fracture-dislocation, timing and duration of surgery, preoperative glucose level, and short-term complications (i.e., blisters, wound dehiscence, deep and superficial infections, and reintervention)...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630761/partial-proximal-tibia-fractures
#2
Michael J Raschke, Christoph Kittl, Christoph Domnick
Partial tibial plateau fractures may occur as a consequence of either valgus or varus trauma combined with a rotational and axial compression component.High-energy trauma may result in a more complex and multi-fragmented fracture pattern, which occurs predominantly in young people. Conversely, a low-energy mechanism may lead to a pure depression fracture in the older population with weaker bone density.Pre-operative classification of these fractures, by Müller AO, Schatzker or novel CT-based methods, helps to understand the fracture pattern and choose the surgical approach and treatment strategy in accordance with estimated bone mineral density and the individual history of each patient...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614147/rate-of-and-risk-factors-for-intermediate-term-reoperation-after-ankle-fracture-fixation-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Daniel Pincus, Andrea Veljkovic, Thomas Zochowski, Nizar Mahomed, Darrell Ogilivie-Harris, David Wasserstein
OBJECTIVE: Establish baseline rates of and risk factors for reoperation within 1 or 2 years of ankle open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). DESIGN: Retrospective, population based, cohort study. SETTING: 202 hospitals in Ontario, Canada (approximate population 13.6 million in 2014). PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: 45,444 patients that underwent ankle ORIF performed by 710 different surgeons between January 1, 1994 and December 31, 2011...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607784/use-of-nonvascularized-autologous-fibular-strut-graft-in-the-treatment-of-major-bone-defect-after-periprosthetic-knee-fracture
#4
Vincenzo Giordano, Bruno Parilha Coutinho, Mateus Kenji Miyahira, Felipe Serrão Mendes de Souza, Ney Pecegueiro do Amaral
We present the case of a patient who suffered a comminuted supracondylar periprosthetic femur fracture. The patient was an 86-year-old lady who suffered a minor fall at home and presented at our hospital with a right comminuted distal femur fracture around a total knee arthroplasty. The patient was submitted to a cruciate-sacrificing total knee replacement 6 years before at the same institution. Despite severe metaphyseal fragmentation and short distal fragment, the prosthesis was stable; thus, open fracture reduction and stabilization with internal fixation were performed...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574123/orthogonal-plating-of-vancouver-b1-and-c-type-periprosthetic-femur-fracture-nonunions
#5
Christopher E Birch, Michael Blankstein, Jesse D Chlebeck, Craig S Bartlett Rd
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic femoral shaft fractures are a significant complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Plate osteosynthesis has been the mainstay of treatment around well-fixed stems. Nonunions are a rare and challenging complication of this fixation method. We report the outcomes of a novel orthogonal plating surgical technique for Vancouver B1 and C-type periprosthetic fractures that previously failed open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). METHODS: A retrospective review identified all patients with Vancouver B1/C THA periprosthetic femoral nonunions from 2010 to 2015...
May 27, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573554/-prevention-of-postoperative-infections-risk-factors-and-the-current-who-guidelines-in-musculoskeletal-surgery
#6
REVIEW
Christian Willy, Hayo Rieger, Marcus Stichling
BACKGROUND: Despite the many scientific and technological advances postoperative infection continues to be a large problem for trauma and orthopedic surgeons. Based on a review of the current literature, this study provides a comprehensive overview of the risk factors (RF) and possible preventive measures to control surgical site infections. METHODS: Medline search and analysis from 1968-2017 (as of 01 March 2017). Selection of trauma and orthopedic relevant RFs and comparison with WHO recommendations (global guidelines for the prevention of surgical site infection, Nov...
June 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570348/early-infectious-outcomes-following-addition-of-fluoroquinolone-or-aminoglycoside-to-post-trauma-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-combat-related-open-fracture-injuries
#7
Bradley A Lloyd, Clinton K Murray, Faraz Shaikh, M Leigh Carson, Dana M Blyth, Elizabeth R Schnaubelt, Timothy J Whitman, David R Tribble
BACKGROUND: We examined combat-related open extremity fracture infections as a function of whether post-trauma antimicrobial prophylaxis included expanded Gram-negative (EGN) coverage. METHODS: Military personnel with open extremity fractures sustained in Iraq and Afghanistan (2009-2014) who transferred to participating hospitals in the United States were assessed. The analysis was restricted to patients with a U.S. hospitalization period of ≥7 days. Prophylaxis was classified as narrow (e...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566784/management-of-open-fractures-using-a-noncontact-locking-plate-as-an-internal-fixator
#8
Azad Yıldırım, Ahmet Kapukaya, Yılmaz Mertsoy, Şehmus Yiğit, Mehmet Akif Çaçan, Ramazan Atiç
BACKGROUND: The treatment of open fractures leads to major problems which may be due to various reasons. It mainly causes soft tissue problems due to the absorption of a large amount of energy by the soft tissues and bone tissues. Although some recent treatment protocols have eliminated many problems regarding delayed soft tissue closure, it still remains a big challange. This study uses a method called the internal fixator technique with noncontact locking plate (NC-LP) which involves the use of a combination of advantages of open and closed fixation techniques...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547674/diagnostic-accuracy-of-various-modalities-relative-to-open-bone-biopsy-for-detection-of-long-bone-posttraumatic-osteomyelitis
#9
Vivek Chadayammuri, Benoit Herbert, Jiandong Hao, Andreas Mavrogenis, Juan C Quispe, Ji Wan Kim, Heather Young, Mark Hake, Cyril Mauffrey
BACKGROUND: Long bone posttraumatic osteomyelitis (PTOM) is a relatively common complication following surgical fixation of open fractures. There is a lacking consensus on ideal strategies for diagnostic evaluation of long bone PTOM. While open bone biopsy and culture is considered the 'gold diagnostic standard,' its cost and invasiveness are often prohibitive and have prompted the search for alternate diagnostic methods. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of various diagnostic modalities relative to open bone biopsy and culture for the detection of long bone PTOM...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540566/-osteosynthesis-associated-infections-epidemiology-definition-and-diagnosis
#10
REVIEW
N Renz, S Feihl, C E Dlaska, M A Schütz, A Trampuz
Osteosynthesis-associated infections occur in 1-5% after closed and in up to 30% after open fractures. There are three different descriptions of implant-associated infections after fracture fixation, which are crucial for the selection of the adequate treatment strategy; temporal appearance from the index surgery (early versus late), pathogenesis of the infection (exogenous, hematogenous and contiguous from an adjacent focus), duration of infection symptoms (acute versus chronic). Diagnosis of osteosynthesis-associated infection is challenging, as chronic low-grade infections often present only with unspecific and subtle clinical symptoms...
June 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538453/does-concurrent-tibial-intramedullary-nailing-and-fibular-fixation-increase-rates-of-tibial-nonunion-a-matched-cohort-study
#11
Michael Githens, Justin Haller, Julie Agel, Reza Firoozabadi
OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is a difference in rates of tibial nonunion in patients undergoing tibial intramedullary (IM) nailing and fibular fixation as compared to a matched cohort undergoing tibial IM nailing alone. DESIGN: Retrospective matched cohort study. SETTING: Single Level 1 academic trauma center. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients 18 years and older with a tibia and fibula fracture treated with tibial IM nailing and fibular fixation who were determined radiographically and clinically healed or had a minimum 1-year follow-up were included...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530778/a-comparison-of-the-treatment-results-of-dpen-reduction-internal-fixation-and-intramedullary-nailing-in-adult-forearm-diaphyseal-fractures
#12
Ahmet Köse, Ali Aydın, Naci Ezirmik, Ömer Selim Yıldırım
BACKGROUND: We compared the union and functional results of intramedullary nailing and open reduction internal fixation treatment applied to adults with a forearm diaphysis fracture (fracture of the radius and/or ulna). METHODS: We retrospectively examined 90 patients with completed skeletal maturation who were surgically treated for a forearm diaphyseal fracture. Patients with a Monteggia Galeazzi and ipsilateral upper extremity fracture and those with an open epiphyseal line, Type 3 open fracture, pathological fracture, or brain trauma were excluded from the study...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529014/comparative-prospective-study-between-medial-and-lateral-distal-tibial-locking-compression-plates-for-distal-third-tibial-fractures
#13
Sandeep Garg, Vikram Khanna, Mahaveer Prashad Goyal, Narendra Joshi, Amrut Borade, Ishan Ghuse
PURPOSE: Tibial fracture is the most common long bone fracture. Distal third tibial fractures are challenging though open reduction and plating can result in anatomical reduction and rigid fixation. This paper aimed to evaluate and compare the results of medial and lateral locking compression plates for distal third tibial fractures. METHODS: This prospective clinical study involved 36 patients with distal tibial fractures admitted in Department of Orthopaedics, Sawai Mansingh Medical College & Affiliated Hospital, Jaipur, India, from June 2011 to May 2012, including 29 closed fractures and 7 open fractures at the mean age of 38...
April 14, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515749/thromboembolic-complications-after-an-ankle-joint-open-fracture-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-the-lower-limbs
#14
Tomasz Stankowski, Sleiman Sebastian Aboul-Hassan, Piotr Stępiński, Anna Szymańska, Jakub Marczak, Romuald Cichoń
A 55-year-old patient was admitted to the Department of Orthopedics due to an open fracture in the right ankle joint. On the seventh day of hospitalization the patient experienced a transient ischemic attack. During the next day, dyspnea, chest pain and a 'rider' type pulmonary embolism in the pulmonary trunk occluding both pulmonary arteries and its branches were diagnosed. The patient was transferred to the Department of Cardiac Surgery. He underwent pulmonary embolectomy for massive pulmonary, right and left atrial embolism, and left ventricular embolism...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514314/infected-tibia-defect-fractures-treated-with-the-masquelet-technique
#15
Julia Mühlhäusser, Jörg Winkler, Reto Babst, Frank J P Beeres
The treatment after open and infected fractures with extensive soft tissue damage and bone deficit remains a challenging clinical problem. The technique described by Masquelet, using a temporary cement spacer to induce a membrane combined with reconstructive soft tissue coverage, is a possible solution. This study describes the work-up, operative procedure, complications, and the outcome of a homogenous group of patients with an open and infected tibia fracture and segmental bone loss treated with the Masquelet technique (MT)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502602/uncontacted-tire-explosion-causing-trauma-to-bilateral-lower-extremities-a-case-report
#16
Ming-Yang Yu, Yun Su, Xiang-Jun Meng, Bo-Wu Luan, Gui-Shan Gu, Qiang Sun, De-Wei Zhao
It is uncommon for tire explosion related injuries on the lower extremity. The bilateral lower extremities were injured by tire explosion when the patient was seated in a bus. She sustained an open fracture with partial bone loss in the right calcaneus (a comminuted fracture in the right ankle joint) and a closed comminuted fracture in the left tibia and fibula. This damage was caused by uncontacted tire explosion, thanks to a thick floor between the exploded tire and the patient's feet. This type of injury on lower extremity caused by uncontacted tire explosion was uncommon...
March 16, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500297/three-dimensional-quantitative-fracture-analysis-of-tight-gas-sandstones-using-industrial-computed-tomography
#17
Jin Lai, Guiwen Wang, Zhuoying Fan, Jing Chen, Ziqiang Qin, Chengwen Xiao, Shuchen Wang, Xuqiang Fan
Tight gas sandstone samples are imaged at high resolution industrial X-ray computed tomography (ICT) systems to provide a three-dimensional quantitative characterization of the fracture geometries. Fracture networks are quantitatively analyzed using a combination of 2-D slice analysis and 3-D visualization and counting. The core samples are firstly scanned to produce grayscale slices, and the corresponding fracture area, length, aperture and fracture porosity as well as fracture density were measured. Then the 2-D slices were stacked to create a complete 3-D image using volume-rendering software...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489714/feasibility-of-and-rationale-for-the-collection-of-orthopaedic-trauma-surgery-quality-of-care-metrics
#18
Anna N Miller, Rosemary Kozar, Philip Wolinsky
INTRODUCTION: Reproducible metrics are needed to evaluate the delivery of orthopaedic trauma care, national care, norms, and outliers. The American College of Surgeons (ACS) is uniquely positioned to collect and evaluate the data needed to evaluate orthopaedic trauma care via the Committee on Trauma and the Trauma Quality Improvement Project. METHODS: We evaluated the first quality metrics the ACS has collected for orthopaedic trauma surgery to determine whether these metrics can be appropriately collected with accuracy and completeness...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484909/humeral-shaft-fractures-national-trends-in-management
#19
Bradley S Schoch, Eric M Padegimas, Mitchell Maltenfort, James Krieg, Surena Namdari
BACKGROUND: The incidence of humeral shaft fractures has been increasing over time. This represents a growing public health concern in a climate of cost containment. The purpose of this study is to analyze national trends in surgical management of humeral shaft fractures and determine factors predictive of surgical intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Humeral shaft fractures were identified by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes 812...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458753/fibrinogen-degradation-product-levels-on-arrival-for-trauma-patients-requiring-a-transfusion-even-without-head-injury
#20
Youichi Yanagawa, Kouhei Ishikawa, Kei Jitsuiki, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Yasumasa Oode, Kazuhiko Omori, Hiromichi Ohsaka
BACKGROUND: There have been few reports on the clinical significance of the fibrinogen degradation product (FDP) level in trauma patients with and without head injury. We retrospectively analyzed trauma patients with or without head injury to investigate the clinical significance of the FDP level. METHODS: From April 2013 to June 2015, a medical chart review was retrospectively performed for all patients with trauma. The exclusion criteria included patients who did not receive a transfusion...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
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