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Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt, Christoph Helmstaedter, Thomas Gasser, Hartmut Vatter, Christian E Elger
Besides other innovative stereotactic procedures (radiofrequency thermocoagulation, focused ultrasound, gamma knife) laser interstitial thermotherapy (LiTT) provides minimally invasive destruction of pathological soft tissues which could be especially relevant for epilepsy surgeries involving adult and pediatric patients. Unlike standard resections, no craniotomy is required; just a tiny borehole trepanation is sufficient. Damage to cortical areas when accessing deep lesions can be minimized or completely avoided, and treating epileptogenic foci near eloquent or even vital brain areas becomes possible...
April 6, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
C Hoppe, J-A Witt, C Helmstaedter, T Gasser, H Vatter, C E Elger
In common with other stereotactic procedures, stereotactic laser thermocoagulation (SLT) promises gentle destruction of pathological tissue, which might become especially relevant for epilepsy surgery in the future. Compared to standard resection, no large craniotomy is necessary, cortical damage during access to deep-seated lesions can be avoided and interventions close to eloquent brain areas become possible. We describe the history and rationale of laser neurosurgery as well as the two available SLT systems (Visualase® and NeuroBlate®; CE marks pending)...
February 10, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
Nitesh V Patel, Matthew Mian, R Jason Stafford, Brian V Nahed, Jon T Willie, Robert E Gross, Shabbar F Danish
Laser-induced thermal therapy has become a powerful tool in the neurosurgical armamentarium. The physics of laser therapy are complex, but a sound understanding of this topic is clinically relevant, as many centers have incorporated it into their treatment algorithm, and educated patients are demanding consideration of its use for their disease. Laser ablation has been used for a wide array of intracranial lesions. Laser catheter placement is guided by stereotactic planning; however, as the procedure has popularized, the number of ways in which the catheter can be inserted has also increased...
December 2016: Neurosurgery
Anthony M Burrows, W Richard Marsh, Gregory Worrell, David A Woodrum, Bruce E Pollock, Krzysztof R Gorny, Joel P Felmlee, Robert E Watson, Timothy J Kaufmann, Steven Goerss, Jamie J Van Gompel
OBJECTIVE Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are associated with gelastic seizures and the development of medically refractory epilepsy. Magnetic resonance imaging-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRg-LITT) is a minimally invasive ablative treatment that may have applicability for these deep-seated lesions. Here, the authors describe 3 patients with refractory HHs who they treated with MRg-LITT. METHODS An institutional review board-approved prospective database of patients undergoing Visualase MRg-LITT was retrospectively reviewed...
October 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
Rachel Pruitt, Alexander Gamble, Karen Black, Michael Schulder, Ashesh D Mehta
OBJECTIVE Complications of laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) are underreported. The authors discuss how they have modified their technique in the context of technical and treatment-related adverse events. METHODS The Medtronic Visualase system was used in 49 procedures in 46 patients. Between 1 and 3 cooling catheters/laser fiber assemblies were placed, for a total of 62 implanted devices. Devices were placed using frameless stereotaxy (n = 3), frameless stereotaxy with intraoperative MRI (iMRI) (n = 9), iMRI under direct vision (n = 2), MRI alone (n = 1), or frame-based (n = 47) techniques...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Zulma Tovar-Spinoza, Hoon Choi
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT) is a novel, minimally invasive treatment that has multiple advantages in pediatric use and broad applicability for different types of lesions. Here, the authors report the preliminary results of the first series of pediatric brain tumors treated with MRgLITT at Golisano Children's Hospital in Syracuse, New York. METHODS Pediatric brain tumors treated with MRgLITT between February 2012 and August 2014 at Golisano Children's Hospital were evaluated retrospectively...
June 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Purvee Patel, Nitesh V Patel, Shabbar F Danish
OBJECTIVE MR-guided laser-induced thermal therapy (MRgLITT) can be used to treat intracranial tumors, epilepsy, and chronic pain syndromes. Here, the authors report their single-center experience with 102 patients, the largest series to date in which the Visualase thermal therapy system was used. METHODS A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent MRgLITT between 2010 and 2014 was performed. Pathologies included glioma, recurrent metastasis, radiation necrosis, chronic pain, and epilepsy. Laser catheters were placed stereotactically, and ablation was performed in the MRI suite...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Evan Cole Lewis, Alexander G Weil, Michael Duchowny, Sanjiv Bhatia, John Ragheb, Ian Miller
OBJECTIVE: To report the feasibility, safety, and clinical outcomes of an exploratory study of MR-guided Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy (MRgLITT) as a minimally invasive surgical procedure for the ablation of epileptogenic foci in children with drug-resistant, lesional epilepsy. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all MRgLITT procedures at a single tertiary care center. All procedures were performed using a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-cleared surgical laser ablation system (Visualase Thermal Therapy System)...
October 2015: Epilepsia
Xiaonan R Sun, Nitesh V Patel, Shabbar F Danish
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance-guided, laser-induced thermal therapy is a real-time magnetic resonance thermometry-guided, minimally invasive procedure used in the treatment of intracranial tumors, epilepsy, and pain. Little is known about its dynamics and the effects of various pathologies on overall ablation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between thermal energy delivery and the time to maximal estimated thermal damage and whether differences exist between various intracranial pathologies...
July 2015: Neurosurgery
Herbert Lepor, Elton Llukani, Daniel Sperling, Jurgen J Fütterer
UNLABELLED: From April 2013 to July 2014, 25 consecutive men participated in a longitudinal outcomes study following in-bore magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided focal laser ablation (FLA) of prostate cancer (PCa). Eligibility criteria were clinical stage T1c and T2a disease; prostate-specific antigen (PSA) <10 ng/ml; Gleason score <8; and cancer-suspicious regions (CSRs) on multiparametric MRI harboring PCa. CSRs harboring PCa were ablated using a Visualase cooled laser applicator system...
December 2015: European Urology
Saurabh Sinha, Eric Hargreaves, Nitesh V Patel, Shabbar F Danish
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Magnetic-Resonance Guided Laser-Induced Thermal Therapy (MRgLITT) is a minimally-invasive ablation procedure for treating intracranial pathology using laser energy delivered through a fiber-optic. Saline irrigation is used to cool the fiber-optic, but factors affecting irrigation efficacy are not well studied, and quantitative information regarding irrigation speed and volume during MRgLITT procedures have not been reported. Here, we aimed to characterize variables affecting irrigation efficacy in MRgLITT...
March 2015: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Nitesh V Patel, Pinakin R Jethwa, Anil Shetty, Shabbar F Danish
OBJECT Although control of intracranial ependymomas is highly correlated with degree of resection, it is unknown if the same is true for MRI-guided laser-induced thermal therapy (MRgLITT). The authors report their experience with MRgLITT for ependymoma and examine the utility of the real-time thermal damage estimate (TDE), a recent software advance, with respect to completeness of ablation and impact on tumor control. To the authors' knowledge, this is the largest single-center experience utilizing MRgLITT for recurrent ependymomas...
April 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Jorge Gonzalez-Martinez, Sumeet Vadera, Jeffrey Mullin, Rei Enatsu, Andreas V Alexopoulos, Ravish Patwardhan, William Bingaman, Imad Najm
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic laser ablation offers an advantage over open surgical procedures for treatment of epileptic foci, tumors, and other brain pathology. Robot-assisted stereotactic laser ablation could offer an accurate, efficient, minimally invasive, and safe method for placement of an ablation catheter into the target. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of placement of a stereotactic laser ablation catheter into a brain lesion with the use of robotic assistance, via a safe, accurate, efficient, and minimally invasive manner...
June 2014: Neurosurgery
Angus A Wilfong, Daniel J Curry
Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) present a difficult medical problem, manifested by gelastic seizures, which are often medically intractable. Although existing techniques offer modest surgical outcomes with the potential for significant morbidity, the relatively novel technique of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided stereotactic laser ablation (SLA) offers a potentially safer, minimally invasive method with high efficacy for the HH treatment. We report here on 14 patients with medically refractory gelastic epilepsy who underwent stereotactic frame-based placement of an MR-compatible laser catheter (1...
December 2013: Epilepsia
Juan Torres-Reveron, Hilarie C Tomasiewicz, Anil Shetty, Nduka M Amankulor, Veronica L Chiang
Since the inception of radiosurgery, the management of brain metastases has become a common problem for neurosurgeons. Although the use of stereotactic radiosurgery and/or whole brain radiation therapy serves to control the majority of disease burden, patients who survive longer than 6-8 months sometimes face the problem of symptomatic radiographically regrowing lesions with few treatment options. Here we investigate the feasibility of use of MRI-guided stereotactic laser induced thermotherapy (LITT) as a novel treatment option for these lesions...
July 2013: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Daniel J Curry, Ashok Gowda, Roger J McNichols, Angus A Wilfong
OBJECTIVE: For about 30% of epilepsy patients, pharmaceutical therapy fails to control their seizures. MR-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT) allows for real-time thermal monitoring of the ablation process and feedback control over the laser energy delivery. We report on minimally invasive surgical techniques of MRgLITT and short-term follow-up results from the first five pediatric cases in which this system was used to ablate focal epileptic lesions. METHODS: We studied the patients with MRI of the brain, localized the seizure with video-EEG and used the Visualase Thermal Therapy 25 System for laser ablation of their seizure foci...
August 2012: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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