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Catheter-Related Infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046259/assessing-the-impact-of-quality-improvement-measures-on-catheter-related-blood-stream-infections-and-catheter-salvage-experience-from-a-national-intestinal-failure-unit
#1
A Bond, A Teubner, M Taylor, C Cawley, A Abraham, M Dibb, P R Chadwick, M Soop, G Carlson, S Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Prevention of catheter related blood stream infections (CRBSI) and salvage of infected central venous catheters (CVC) are vital to maintaining long term venous access in patients needing home parenteral nutrition (HPN). It remains unclear as to whether patients are best trained for catheter care at home or in hospital or whether CRBSIs are lower if the patient self-cares for the CVC. Furthermore, there is minimal data on the longer term outcome following salvage of infected catheter and limited consensus on agreed protocols for catheter salvage...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045261/incidence-and-outcomes-of-central-venous-catheter-related-blood-stream-infection-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-routine-clinical-practice-setting
#2
Wataru Shibata, Masako Sohara, Rongrong Wu, Kota Kobayashi, Shin Yagi, Katsuki Yaguchi, Yuki Iizuka, Miho Iwasa, Hitomi Nakahata, Tadashi Yamaguchi, Hiromi Matsumoto, Mao Okada, Kenshiro Taniguchi, Aki Hayashi, Shin Inazawa, Naoko Inagaki, Tomohiko Sasaki, Ryonho Koh, Hiroto Kinoshita, Masafumi Nishio, Tsuyoshi Ogashiwa, Ai Ookawara, Eiji Miyajima, Mari Oba, Hiroki Ohge, Shin Maeda, Hideaki Kimura, Reiko Kunisaki
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) occasionally require central venous catheter (CVC) placement to support a therapeutic plan. Given that CVC can predispose patients to infection, this investigation was undertaken to assess the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of CVC-related blood stream infection (CRBSI) in patients with IBD during routine clinical practice. METHODS: Data were compiled using retrospective chart reviews of 1367 patients treated at our IBD center between 2007 and 2012 during routine clinical practice...
November 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042927/novel-type-of-peritoneocentesis-trocar-assisted-distal-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-with-supervision-via-a-one-port-laparoscope
#3
Guangming Wang, Jinlu Yu, Yongxin Luan, Yanwu Han, Shuanglin Fu
Ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPS) are the primary treatment for hydrocephalus and are associated with a high risk of complications, specifically in patients who are obese or have abdominal adhesions or shunt revisions. The present study describes the use of a novel type of peritoneal catheter peritoneocentesis trocar insertion with the assistance of a one-port laparoscope. A total of 36 patients with hydrocephalus underwent this novel type of peritoneocentesis trocar-assisted VPS. The distal shunt catheter was placed into the right subdiaphragmatic space and the catheter was traversed through a single hole drilled through the liver falciform ligament...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042233/trends-of-device-utilization-ratios-in-intensive-care-units-over-10-year-period-in-south-korea-device-utilization-ratio-as-a-new-aspect-of-surveillance
#4
Eun Jin Kim, Yee Gyung Kwak, Sun Hee Park, Sung Ran Kim, Myoung Jin Shin, Hyeon Mi Yoo, Su Ha Han, Dong Wook Kim, Young Hwa Choi, Jin-Hong You
BACKGROUND: Device-associated healthcare-associated infection is an important issue related to safety of patients. It is important to reduce unnecessary device utilization in order to decrease device associated infection (DAI) rates. AIM: To investigate the time trend of device utilization ratios (DURs) of voluntarily participating hospitals, collected over a 10-year period through the Korean National Healthcare-associated Infections Surveillance System (KONIS)...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039628/early-versus-late-initiation-of-renal-replacement-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-clinical-trials
#5
Thomas A Mavrakanas, D Ezra Aurian-Blajeni, David M Charytan
AIMS OF THE STUDY: The optimal timing of renal replacement therapy (RRT) initiation in acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a matter of debate. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to better estimate the effects of early initiation of RRT compared with late initiation of RRT among patients with AKI and in patients at risk for AKI. METHODS: A Medline literature research was conducted in PubMed for RCTs in adult patients with AKI that compared different RRT initiation strategies (early vs late)...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039051/hidden-morbidity-of-ethanol-lock-therapy
#6
Teerin T Meckmongkol, Caitlyn Costanzo, Sean Ciullo, Rajeev Prasad, L Grier Arthur
AIMS: Long-term central venous catheters are essential in sustaining growth and development in patients with intestinal failure (IF). Several strategies have been developed to prevent and treat catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSIs), including ethanol lock therapy. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of ethanol lock therapy in our IF population. METHOD: This is a retrospective review of IF patients treated with ethanol lock therapy at a single institution from 2006 to 2013...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027067/human-heterologous-liver-cells-transiently-improve-hyperammonemia-and-ureagenesis-in-individuals-with-severe-urea-cycle-disorders
#7
Jochen Meyburg, Thomas Opladen, Ute Spiekerkötter, Andrea Schlune, Jens-Peter Schenk, Jan Schmidt, Jürgen Weitz, Jürgen Okun, Friederike Bürger, Tawfeg Ben Omran, Ghassan Abdoh, Hilal Al Rifai, Ahmad Monavari, Vassiliki Konstantopoulou, Stefan Kölker, Marc Yudkoff, Georg F Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Urea cycle disorders (UCDs) still have a poor prognosis despite several therapeutic advancements. As liver transplantation can provide a cure, liver cell therapy (LCT) might be a new therapeutic option in these patients. METHODS: Twelve patients with severe UCDs were included in this prospective clinical trial. Patients received up to six infusions of cryopreserved human heterologous liver cells via a surgically placed catheter in the portal vein. Portal vein pressure, portal vein flow, and vital signs were monitored continuously...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026535/clinical-and-molecular-characteristics-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-bloodstream-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#8
Xia Zheng, Jian-Feng Wang, Wang-Lan Xu, Jun Xu, Juan Hu
BACKGROUND: To analyze the clinical characteristics and outcomes of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKp) and carbapenem-susceptible K. pneumoniae (CSKp) bloodstream infections (BSIs), and to study the risk factors for development of CRKp BSI and K. pneumoniae BSI-related mortality. METHODS: A retrospective case control study of patients with K. pneumoniae BSI was conducted in the intensive care unit of the First Affiliated Hospital, Medical of College, Zhejiang University from January 2013 to December 2014...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025526/hospital-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-results-of-a-cohort-study-performed-in-an-internal-medicine-department
#9
Maria João Lobão, Paulo Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections are the most frequent healthcare associated infections, being related to both high costs and morbidity. Our intention was to carry out an epidemiological characterization of hospital acquired urinary tract infections that occurred in an internal medicine department of a Portuguese hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study (historic cohort). Data were analysed from a systematic random sample of 388 patients, representative of the 3492 admissions occurred in 2014 in that department...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023196/home-parenteral-nutrition-vascular-access-and-related-complications
#10
Martyn Dibb, Simon Lal
Patients with chronic intestinal failure are dependent on parenteral nutrition (PN) to maintain health and preserve life. Maintaining safe vascular access is vital to prevent life-threatening complications such as catheter-related bloodstream infection or central venous occlusion. Dedicated central venous catheters with rigorous catheter care aseptic protocols are vital in obtaining good long-term outcomes that allow continuation of PN over many years. Good catheter care requires an experienced multidisciplinary team using appropriate vascular devices, trained to identify and aggressively treat catheter-related bloodstream infections, catheter occlusions, and catheter-related thrombosis...
October 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020942/peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-due-to-tsukamurella-pulmonis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Jun Suzuki, Teppei Sasahara, Masaki Toshima, Yuji Morisawa
BACKGROUND: Tsukamurella pulmonis is an aerobic gram-positive and rod-shaped organism that causes central catheter-related bloodstream infections in immunocompromised hosts. However, peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)-related bloodstream infections due to this organism have not been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 48-year-old man with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and diffuse large B cell lymphoma who received five courses of chemotherapy including rituximab , cyclophosphamide , doxorubicin hydrochloride , vincristine , and prednisone via a PICC...
October 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020252/short-term-peripheral-venous-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-a-systematic-review
#12
Leonard A Mermel
Short-term peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) are commonly used in healthcare settings. To determine the magnitude of bloodstream infections (BSIs) related to their use, PubMed, article bibliographies, and the authors' library were searched for pertinent articles. The incidence of PVC-related BSIs was 0.18% among 85063 PVCs. Short-term PVCs accounted for a mean of 6.3% and 23% of nosocomial BSIs and nosocomial catheter-related BSIs, respectively. Prolonged dwell time and catheter insertion under emergent conditions increased risk of PVC-related bloodstream infection (PVCR-BSI)...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019759/non-catheter-related-venous-thromboembolism-in-children-imaging-review-from-head-to-toe
#13
Mougnyan Cox, Monica Epelman, Tushar Chandra, Arthur B Meyers, Craig M Johnson, Daniel J Podberesky
Non-catheter-related venous thromboembolism (VTE) is less common in children than in adults. Although the presence of a central venous catheter is the most common cause of venous thrombosis in children, infection and inflammation, malignancy, hypercoagulability, dehydration, and certain sites of normal variant and pathologic anatomic narrowing all predispose to VTE in children. The mortality and morbidity of VTE vary according to the underlying cause, including whether malignancy is present. Various modalities including ultrasonography (US), computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging can be used to image VTE, with some modalities better suited to particular parts of the body and clinical scenarios than others...
October 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017700/switching-temporary-hemodialysis-catheters-to-long-term-catheters-exchange-versus-de-novo-placement-any-difference-in-line-infection-%C3%A2
#14
Maen Aboul Hosn, Zeina Nasser, Elias Elias, Walid Medawar, Majida Daouk, Jamal Hoballah, Fady Haddad
BACKGROUND: Shifting from a short-term catheter to a long-term one is done either by removing the old catheter and placing a new long-term one via fresh new puncture site, or by replacing the old catheter with a long-term one over a guidewire. AIM: We aimed to describe our technique in changing a temporary line to a long-term catheter (LTC) over a guidewire and to determine the incidence of line-related infections following this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective pilot study was conducted between 2005 and 2010 at the American University of Beirut Hospital...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017005/early-planned-removal-of-umbilical-venous-catheters-to-prevent-infection-in-newborn-infants
#15
REVIEW
Adrienne Gordon, Mark Greenhalgh, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Lengthy duration of use may be a risk factor for umbilical venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection in newborn infants. Early planned removal of umbilical venous catheters (UVCs) is recommended to reduce the incidence of infection and associated morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of early planned removal of UVCs (up to two weeks after insertion) versus an expectant approach or a longer fixed duration in preventing bloodstream infection and other complications in newborn infants...
October 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016235/telemedicine-support-groups-for-home-parenteral-nutrition-users
#16
Eve-Lynn Nelson, Donna Macan Yadrich, Noreen Thompson, Shawna Wright, Kathaleen Stone, Natasia Adams, Marilyn Werkowitch, Carol E Smith
Patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN), a life-sustaining intravenous (IV) infusion that provides nourishment and hydration to patients with short gut or inflammatory bowel diseases, are often isolated and not in visual contact with peers or health providers. One completed clinical trial (Clinical Trials.gov NCT0190028) and 1 ongoing clinical trial (Clinical Trials.gov NCT02987569) are evaluating a mobile videoconferencing-delivered support group intervention for patients on HPN and their caregivers...
October 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990241/clinically-indicated-replacement-versus-routine-replacement-of-peripheral-venous-catheters-in-adults-a-nonblinded-cluster-randomized-trial-in-china
#17
Lichun Xu, Yan Hu, Xiaojin Huang, Jianguo Fu, Jinhui Zhang
AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety of clinically indicated peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVC) replacement intervals. BACKGROUND: Peripheral intravenous catheters are used internationally, including in China where PIVCs are routinely replaced every 72 to 96 hours. Despite some recent international evidence showing such routine replacement is unnecessary, developing countries such as China have no supporting data. METHOD: This cluster-randomized trial was conducted between December 2 and December 31, 2013, in 10 internal medicine wards and 10 surgery wards at a tertiary referral teaching hospital in Xiamen, China...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989043/cerebrospinal-fluid-leak-at-percutaneous-exit-of-ventricular-catheter-as-crucial-risk-factor-for-external-ventricular-drainage-related-infection-in-adult-neurosurgical-patients
#18
Jaechan Park, Yeon-Ju Choi, Boram Ohk, Hyun-Ha Chang
OBJECTIVE: The placement of a ventricular catheter for temporary cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion is associated with a considerable risk of CSF infection. The authors investigated the effect of a CSF leak on CSF-related infection and the predisposing factors for a CSF leak. METHODS: Fifty-two patients who underwent external ventricular drainage (EVD) for acute hydrocephalus associated with a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) or intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) were enrolled in this prospective study...
October 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977087/complications-of-central-venous-catheter-insertion-in-a-teaching-hospital
#19
Pedro Henrique Comerlato, Taiane Francieli Rebelatto, Felipe Augusto Santiago de Almeida, Luiza Birck Klein, Marcio Manozzo Boniatti, Beatriz D Schaan, Dimitris Varvaki Rados
INTRODUCTION: Central venous catheters are fundamental to daily clinical practice. This procedure is mainly performed by residents, often without supervision or structured training. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of central venous catheterization and the complication rate related to it. METHOD: Retrospective cohort study. Adult patients undergoing central venous catheter insertion out of the intensive care unit (ICU) of a teaching hospital were selected from March 2014 to February 2015...
July 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971093/antimicrobial-peptides-in-biomedical-device-manufacturing
#20
REVIEW
Martijn Riool, Anna de Breij, Jan W Drijfhout, Peter H Nibbering, Sebastian A J Zaat
Over the past decades the use of medical devices, such as catheters, artificial heart valves, prosthetic joints, and other implants, has grown significantly. Despite continuous improvements in device design, surgical procedures, and wound care, biomaterial-associated infections (BAI) are still a major problem in modern medicine. Conventional antibiotic treatment often fails due to the low levels of antibiotic at the site of infection. The presence of biofilms on the biomaterial and/or the multidrug-resistant phenotype of the bacteria further impair the efficacy of antibiotic treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
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