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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779763/bathing-a-premature-infant-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Daniel Fernández, Rebeca Antolín-Rodríguez
PROBLEM: Daily bathing of the preterm infant in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a process that is usually done routinely, but it can cause many adverse effects on the stability of the infant. Highlights include decreased body temperature and increased stress, which can cause alterations in its proper growth and development. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We included both descriptive studies and analytical studies that evaluated the effects of bathing on the physiological state of the preterm infants admitted to NICU...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776369/prevention-and-treatment-of-malaria-in-pregnancy-what-do-pregnant-women-and-health-care-workers-in-east-india-know-and-do-about-it
#2
Lora Sabin, Evan M S Hecht, Mohamad I Brooks, Mrigendra P Singh, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Abanish Rizal, Blair J Wylie, Philip A Bondzie, Matthew Banos, Jordan Tuchman, Neeru Singh, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: Limited qualitative research has been performed in India to investigate views and behaviours of pregnant women regarding malaria despite the threat of malaria-related adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. To address this gap, a comprehensive study on malaria prevention and treatment attitudes, knowledge and behaviour among pregnant women in India was conducted. METHODS: Pregnant women and healthcare workers (HCWs), encompassing clinic-based providers, traditional birth attendants, and auxiliary nurse-midwives were enrolled for in-depth interviews (IDIs) at 7 hospital sites and nearby communities in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh States...
May 18, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776004/knowledge-and-health-beliefs-about-gestational-diabetes-and-healthy-pregnancy-s-breastfeeding-intention
#3
Seungmi Park, Jung Lim Lee, Jang In Sun, Youngji Kim
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: If the knowledge and health beliefs relating to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy are associated with behaviours during pregnancy and lactation, this suggests potential educational interventions. BACKGROUNDS: Women with GDM are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and babies with GDM incur increased risk of neonatal hypoglycaemia and childhood obesity. Breastfeeding is an effective way to improve maternal and lipid metabolism of gestational diabetes mothers, and to lower the risk of T2DM after birth, to prevent conception...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768111/effect-of-right-lateral-position-with-head-elevation-on-tracheal-aspirate-pepsin-in-ventilated-preterm-neonates-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Safaa Shafik Imam, Dina Mohamed Shinkar, Nevine Ahmed Mohamed, Hebatallah Elhamy Mansour
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of right lateral positioning in comparison with supine positioning on tracheal aspirate pepsin levels as a marker of aspiration of gastric contents in ventilated preterm neonates. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 60 ventilated preterm neonates <35 weeks; 30 neonates were nursed in right lateral position for 6 hours while the other 30 neonates were nursed in supine position for 6 hours. Tracheal aspirate sample was obtained from each neonate in both the groups just after the end of 6 hours and pepsin level was measured...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764391/practice-and-outcomes-of-neonatal-resuscitation-for-newborns-with-birth-asphyxia-at-kakamega-county-general-hospital-kenya-a-direct-observation-study
#5
Duncan N Shikuku, Benson Milimo, Elizabeth Ayebare, Peter Gisore, Gorrette Nalwadda
BACKGROUND: About three - quarters of all neonatal deaths occur during the first week of life, with over half of these occurring within the first 24 h after birth. The first minutes after birth are critical to reducing neonatal mortality. Successful neonatal resuscitation (NR) has the potential to prevent these perinatal mortalities related to birth asphyxia. This study described the practice of NR and outcomes of newborns with birth asphyxia in a busy referral hospital. METHODS: Direct observations of 138 NRs by 28 healthcare providers (HCPs) were conducted using a predetermined checklist adapted from the national pediatric resuscitation protocol...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763976/effects-of-swaddled-and-sponge-bathing-methods-on-signs-of-stress-and-pain-in-premature-newborns-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#6
Sibel Serap Ceylan, Bahire Bolւşւk
AIMS: To determine the effects of sponge baths and swaddled bathing on premature infants' vital signs, oxygen saturation levels, crying times, pain, and stress levels. METHODS: This study was a clinical trial with a crossover design. Data were conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit of a public hospital in Denizli, Turkey. A total of 35 premature infants, who were born at 33-37 weeks gestation with a birth weight <1,500 g, were enrolled in the study. Two bathing methods were applied at 3-day intervals...
May 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760947/incorporating-epilepsy-genetics-into-clinical-practice-a-360%C3%A2-evaluation
#7
Stephanie Oates, Shan Tang, Richard Rosch, Rosalie Lear, Elaine F Hughes, Ruth E Williams, Line H G Larsen, Qin Hao, Hans Atli Dahl, Rikke S Møller, Deb K Pal
We evaluated a new epilepsy genetic diagnostic and counseling service covering a UK population of 3.5 million. We calculated diagnostic yield, estimated clinical impact, and surveyed referring clinicians and families. We costed alternative investigational pathways for neonatal onset epilepsy. Patients with epilepsy of unknown aetiology onset < 2 years; treatment resistant epilepsy; or familial epilepsy were referred for counseling and testing. We developed NGS panels, performing clinical interpretation with a multidisciplinary team...
2018: NPJ Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754867/assessing-ethics-knowledge-development-of-a-test-of-ethics-knowledge-in-neonatology
#8
Christy L Cummings, Gina M Geis, Henry A Feldman, Elisa R Berson, Jennifer C Kesselheim
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the Test of Ethics Knowledge in Neonatology (TEK-Neo) with good internal consistency reliability, item performance, and construct validity that reliably assesses interprofessional staff and trainee knowledge of neonatal ethics. STUDY DESIGN: We adapted a published test of ethics knowledge for use in neonatology. The novel instrument had 46 true/false questions distributed among 7 domains of neonatal ethics: ethical principles, professionalism, genetic testing, beginning of life/viability, end of life, informed permission/decision making, and research ethics...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746270/evidence-regarding-the-use-of-bubble-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-the-extremely-low-birth-weight-infant-benefits-challenges-and-implications-for-nursing-practice
#9
Samantha Alessi
BACKGROUND: Gentle ventilation with optimal oxygenation is integral to prevention of chronic lung disease in the extremely low birth-weight (ELBW) infant. Various types of noninvasive ventilation are used in neonatal intensive care units worldwide. Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (BCPAP) has been in use in newborn intensive care since 1975. PURPOSE: To synthesize the current evidence on the use of BCPAP in the ELBW infant and its relationship to outcomes, particularly morbidity and mortality...
May 9, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746269/fathers-stress-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#10
Betty Noergaard, Jette Ammentorp, Ester Garne, Jesper Fenger-Gron, Poul-Erik Kofoed
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) tend to focus attention on the mothers and the newborn infants. Thus, fathers may find it difficult to establish an optimal father-child relationship and their stress may increase and persist during hospitalization. PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of a more father-friendly NICU on paternal stress and their participation in childcare. METHODS: A quasiexperimental design was conducted on Danish-speaking fathers of newborn infants 28 or more weeks' gestational age...
May 9, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742551/exploring-research-topics-and-trends-in-nursing-related-communication-in-intensive-care-units-using-social-network-analysis
#11
Youn-Jung Son, Soo-Kyoung Lee, SeJin Nam, Jae Lan Shim
This study used social network analysis to identify the main research topics and trends in nursing-related communication in intensive care units. Keywords from January 1967 to June 2016 were extracted from PubMed using Medical Subject Headings terms. Social network analysis was performed using Gephi software. Research publications and newly emerging topics in nursing-related communication in intensive care units were classified into five chronological phases. After the weighting was adjusted, the top five keyword searches were "conflict," "length of stay," "nursing continuing education," "family," and "nurses...
May 4, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739484/outpatient-pharmacologic-weaning-for-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#12
Jodie Murphy-Oikonen, Karen McQueen
AimThe purpose of this systematic review was to assess the literature regarding the effectiveness and safety of outpatient pharmacologic weaning for infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). BACKGROUND: NAS is a multi-system disorder observed in infants experiencing withdrawal from opioid exposure in utero. Infants requiring pharmacologic treatment to manage withdrawal, traditionally receive treatment as a hospital inpatient resulting in lengthy hospitalization periods. However, there is evidence to suggest that some healthcare institutions are continuing outpatient pharmacologic weaning for select infants in a home environment...
May 9, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738894/unlike-kangaroo-care-mechanically-simulated-kangaroo-care-does-not-change-heart-rate-variability-in-preterm-neonates
#13
Deedee Kommers, Rohan Joshi, Carola van Pul, Loe Feijs, Guid Oei, Sidarto Bambang Oetomo, Peter Andriessen
BACKGROUND: While numerous positive effects of Kangaroo care (KC) have been reported, the duration that parents can spend kangarooing is often limited. AIM: To investigate whether a mattress that aims to mimic breathing motion and the sounds of heartbeats (BabyBe GMBH, Stuttgart, Germany) can simulate aspects of KC in preterm infants as measured by features of heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS: A within-subject study design was employed in which every routine KC session was followed by a BabyBe (BB) session, with a washout period of at least 2 h in between...
May 5, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735232/the-effect-of-team-configuration-on-the-incidence-of-adverse-events-in-pediatric-critical-care-transport
#14
Emily Colyer, Megan Sorensen, Shirley Wiggins, Leeza Struwe
OBJECTIVE: Specialty pediatric transport teams are widely used for pediatric interfacility transport in the United States, with little industry consensus on optimal team configuration. The aim of this study is to assess the quality of the nurse/paramedic specialty team configuration as indirectly measured by the rate of adverse events in these transports. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of pediatric transport data from a hospital-based dedicated pediatric/neonatal transport team was conducted for patients transported in 2016...
May 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731181/health-information-technology-for-the-perinatal-setting
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714461/the-brazelton-neonatal-behavioral-assessment-scale-a-validity-and-reliability-study-in-a-turkish-sample
#16
Öznur Başdaş, Emine Erdem, Ferhan Elmalı, Selim Kurtoğlu
Background/aim: The aim of the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (BNBAS) is to gather a comprehensive profile of neonatal functioning by describing the full range of neonatal behavior, including competencies and strengths, as well as difficulties or deviations. This instrument has proved to be of great clinical value by detecting infants at risk for later developmental problems. This work was conducted methodologically with the aim of a Turkish validity and reliability study of the BNBAS. Materials and methods: The study was conducted in a large tertiary hospital in Turkey...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707034/laser-acupuncture-at-large-intestine-4-compared-with-oral-glucose-administration-for-pain-prevention-in-healthy-term-neonates-undergoing-routine-heel-lance-study-protocol-for-an-observer-blinded-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Jasmin Stadler, Alexander Avian, Katrin Posch, Berndt Urlesberger, Wolfgang Raith
Background: Nonpharmacological strategies have actually become more important in neonatal pain management during routinely applied minor painful procedures. However, commonly used nonpharmacological strategies are inferior to orally administered sweet solutions. Therefore, we will compare laser acupuncture, as a recent nonpharmacological method, with the standard care of oral glucose solution for pain prevention. Methods: Ninety-five healthy term neonates will be allocated into one of two groups...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706798/rooming-in-reduces-salivary-cortisol-level-of-newborn
#18
Giuseppe De Bernardo, Marina Riccitelli, Maurizio Giordano, Fabrizio Proietti, Desiree Sordino, Mariangela Longini, Giuseppe Buonocore, Serafina Perrone
Background: Rooming-in practice improves breastfeeding and reduces newborn stress reactivity. When this modality is not available, partial rooming-in after birth can be considered. Salivary cortisol levels (SCLs) are considered reliable biomarkers to indicate stress. Objective: To test the hypothesis that rooming-in duration impacts neonatal stress response in hospitalized newborns. Design/methods: Forty term newborns, enrolled in the Neonatology and Obstetrics Nursing, C...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702700/what-capacity-exists-to-provide-essential-inpatient-care-to-small-and-sick-newborns-in-a-high-mortality-urban-setting-a-cross-sectional-study-in-nairobi-city-county-kenya
#19
Georgina A V Murphy, David Gathara, Nancy Abuya, Jacintah Mwachiro, Sam Ochola, Robert Ayisi, Mike English
INTRODUCTION: Appropriate demand for, and supply of, high quality essential neonatal care is key to improving newborn survival but evaluating such provision has received limited attention in low- and middle-income countries. Moreover, specific local data are needed to support healthcare planning for this vulnerable population. METHODS: We conducted health facility assessments between July 2015-April 2016, with retrospective review of admission events between 1st July 2014 and 30th June 2015, and used estimates of population-based incidence of neonatal conditions in Nairobi to explore access and evaluate readiness of public, private not-for-profit (mission), and private-for-profit (private) sector facilities providing 24/7 inpatient neonatal care in Nairobi City County...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698249/memories-of-infant-pain-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-influence-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-mothers-of-infants-born-preterm
#20
Jillian Vinall, Melanie Noel, Timothy Disher, Kim Caddell, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
OBJECTIVES: The birth of a preterm infant and witnessing ones' infant in pain is remembered by parents as being one of the most stressful aspects of the neonatal care intensive unit (NICU). Elevated symptoms of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are highly prevalent among mothers of preterm infants, however, little is known about mothers' memories of invasive procedures in the NICU and how these memories may contribute to the development of PTSS. We examined the relationships between number of invasive procedures, mothers' memories of these procedures, and their PTSS at discharge from the NICU...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
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