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Cervical burst fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816874/does-surgical-intervention-or-timing-of-surgery-have-an-effect-on-neurological-recovery-in-the-setting-of-a-thoracolumbar-burst-fracture
#1
So Kato, Jean-Christophe Murray, Brian K Kwon, Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro, Michael G Fehlings
Traumatic thoracolumbar burst fractures are one of the most common forms of spinal trauma with the majority occurring at the junctional area where mechanical load is maximal (AOSpine Thoracolumbar Spine Injury Classification System Subtype A3 or A4). Burst fractures entail the involvement of the middle column, and therefore, they are typically associated with bone fragment in the spinal canal, which may cause compression of the spinal cord, conus medullaris, cauda equina, or a combination of these. Fortunately, approximately half of the patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures are neurologically intact due to the wide canal diameter...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739475/posterior-osteosynthesis-with-monoaxial-lateral-mass-screw-rod-system-for-unstable-c1-burst-fractures
#2
Yin-Shun Zhang, Jian-Xiang Zhang, Qing-Guo Yang, Wei Li, Hui Tao, Cai-Liang Shen
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Surgical treatment for unstable atlas fractures has evolved in recent decades from C1-C2 or C0-C2 fusion to motion-preservation techniques of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). However, regardless of transoral or posterior approach, the reduction is still not satisfactory. PURPOSE: The article describes and evaluates a new technique for treating the unstable atlas fractures by using a monoaxial screw-rod system. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study PATIENT SAMPLE: The sample includes adult patients with unstable C1 fractures treated with a posterior monoaxial screw-rod system...
July 21, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728206/-subaxial-cervical-spine-injuries-treatment-recommendations-of-the-german-orthopedic-and-trauma-society
#3
Philipp Schleicher, Matti Scholz, Frank Kandziora, Andreas Badke, Florian Hans Brakopp, Helmut Klaus Friedrich Ekkerlein, Erol Gercek, Rene Hartensuer, Philipp Hartung, Jan-Sven Gilbert Jarvers, Philipp Kobbe, Stefan Matschke, Robert Morrison, Christian W Müller, Miguel Pishnamaz, Maximilian Reinhold, Klaus John Schnake, Gregor Schmeiser, Gregor Stein, Bernhard Ullrich, Thomas Weiß, Volker Zimmermann
In a consensus process during four sessions in 2016, the working group "lower cervical spine" of the German Society for Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery (DGOU), formulated "Therapeutic Recommendations for the Lower Cervical Spine", taking into consideration the current literature. Therapeutic goals are a permanently stable, painless cervical spine and the protection against secondary neurologic damage while retaining the greatest possible amount of motion and spinal profile. Due to its ease of use and its proven good reliability, the AOSpine classification for subaxial cervical injuries should be used...
July 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720693/catastrophic-cervical-spinal-injury-in-an-amateur-college-wrestler
#4
Jayakrishnan Kelamangalathu Narayana Kurup, Ravitheja Jampani, Simanchal P Mohanty
A young amateur wrestler presented with a burst fracture of the seventh cervical vertebra with complete paraplegia. He was treated with surgery for spine stabilisation and was actively rehabilitated. Adolescents and teenagers are indulging in high-contact sports like wrestling, without proper training and technical know-how, which can lead to severe injuries and possibly, permanent handicap or death. Trainers, assistants and institutions should be well equipped to diagnose and provide initial care of people with a spinal injury to prevent a partial injury from progressing to complete injury...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676461/cervical-burst-fracture-in-a-patient-with-contiguous-2-level-cervical-stand-alone-cages
#5
Rui Feng, Joshua Loewenstern, John Caridi
BACKGROUND: Cervical stand-alone interbody cages have seen increasingly wider use over the plate-and-screw construct in single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in the treatment of cervical disc herniation and degenerative spondylotic conditions. Despite positive clinical outcomes, the efficacy and safety of using these devices in contiguous multilevel ACDF has remained controversial. This report discusses a burst fracture seen as a complication in multilevel cervical stand-alone cage use...
September 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593092/aortic-injury-due-to-paragliding-a-case-report
#6
Kazuhiko Omori, Kei Jitsuiki, Takashi Majima, Ikuto Takeuchi, Toshihiko Yoshizaw, Kouhei Ishikawa, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Keiichi Tambara, Youichi Yanagawa
A 64-year-old male fell from an altitude of 10 m while paragliding after stalling due to the wind. The purpose of this case report is to describe the outcomes after multiple injuries sustained during a paragliding accident, including a potentially life-threating injury to the thoracic aorta. The subject sustained a bite wound on his tongue, injuries to his chest (left side) and back, and a right forearm deformity. Enhanced whole body computed tomography (CT) revealed fractures of the bilateral laminae of the second and third cervical bones, right first rib, the tenth thoracic vertebral body (compression type), second lumbar vertebral body (burst type) and the right radius, Other injuries included an injury to the thoracic aortic arch and the presence of intraabdominal fluid collection without perforation of the digestive tract...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413225/pathological-burst-fracture-in-the-cervical-spine-with-negative-red-flags-a-12-year-follow-up
#7
Jocelyn Cox, Chris DeGrauuw, Erik Klein
In 2004, a 61-year-old male presented to a chiropractic clinic complaining of neck pain after hearing a 'crunch' when getting out of bed that morning. The initial history intake and physical examination identified no red flags or indications for the patient's pain, with the exception of traction being pain-provoking. Conventional radiographs were ordered, which identified a pathological burst fracture of the fourth cervical vertebra. This Imaging Case Review (ICR) is to provide clinicians with a follow-up to the patient's care and current state...
March 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343903/-spinal-cord-injuries-resulting-from-diving-accidents-in-the-canary-islands
#8
Enrique Bárbara-Bataller, José Luis Méndez-Suárez, Carolina Alemán-Sánchez, Jesús Sánchez-Enríquez, Manuel Sosa-Henríquez
OBJECTIVE: Diving accidents is one of the leading causes of spinal cord injury after falls and car accidents. The objective of this study was to determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of these patients in our setting to better prevent these injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective, descriptive study of patients who have suffered from a traumatic spinal cord injury after a diving accident in the Canary Islands, Spain from 2000 to 2014...
March 23, 2017: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178133/does-the-fracture-fragment-at-the-anterior-column-in-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures-get-enough-attention
#9
Luo Deqing, Lian Kejian, Li Teng, Zou Weitao, Lin Dasheng
Prospective cohort study. To evaluate whether failure of the fracture fragment at the anterior column reduction in thoracolumbar fracture has an influence on the final radiologic and clinical outcomes.Cervical teardrop fracture has caused wide concern in spinal surgery field. Although similar fracture fragment at the anterior column was also observed in thoracolumbar burst fractures, the conception of teardrop fracture in thoracolumbar fractures was rarely mentioned in the literature, let alone a study.Fifty patients who suffered from thoracolumbar burst fractures with a fracture fragment at the anterior column were prospectively analyzed...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050455/outcomes-of-short-segment-posterior-instrumentation-in-unstable-thoracolumbar-fractures
#10
Sharvil H Gajjar, Hari J Menon, Nitin Chaudhari, Vipul Chaudhari
INTRODUCTION: The spinal traumas are common and leading problem in orthopaedics practice. The individuals are at a risk of high energy trauma in modern era. Unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures are serious injuries of concern, if left untreated may result in marked morbidity and disability to the patient. Thoracolumbar is the second most common segment involved in the spinal cord following spinal injuries followed by cervical segment. The goal of treatment of any spinal injury is restoration of the patient to maximum possible function with disability free life...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624223/how-safe-is-bubble-soccer
#11
Sameer H Halani, Jonathan P Riley, Gustavo Pradilla, Faiz U Ahmad
Traumatic neurologic injury in contact sports is a rare but serious consequence for its players. These injuries are most commonly associated with high-impact collisions, for example in football, but are found in a wide variety of sports. In an attempt to minimize these injuries, sports are trying to increase safety by adding protection for participants. Most recently is the seemingly 'safe' sport of Bubble Soccer, which attempts to protect its players with inflatable plastic bubbles. We report a case of a 16-year-old male sustaining a cervical spine burst fracture with incomplete spinal cord injury while playing Bubble Soccer...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504058/the-epidemiology-of-thoracolumbar-trauma-a-meta-analysis
#12
Yoshihiro Katsuura, James Michael Osborn, Garrick Wayne Cason
PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of thoracolumbar fractures and associated injuries in blunt trauma patients. METHODS: A systematic review and metaanalysis was performed based on a MEDLINE database search using MeSH terms for studies matching our inclusion criteria. The search yielded 21 full-length articles, each sub-grouped according to content. Data extraction and multiple analyses were performed on descriptive data. RESULTS: The rate of thoracolumbar fracture in blunt trauma patients was 6...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069270/pathological-burst-fracture-in-the-cervical-spine-with-negative-red-flags-a-case-report
#13
Jocelyn Cox, Chris DeGraauw, Erik Klein
OBJECTIVE: To report on a case of a pathological burst fracture in the cervical spine where typical core red flag tests failed to identify a significant lesion, and to remind chiropractors to be vigilant in the recognition of subtle signs and symptoms of disease processes. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 61-year-old man presented to a chiropractic clinic with neck pain that began earlier that morning. After a physical exam that was relatively unremarkable, imaging identified a burst fracture in the cervical spine...
March 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26874970/impact-responses-of-the-cervical-spine-a-computational-study-of-the-effects-of-muscle-activity-torso-constraint-and-pre-flexion
#14
Roger W Nightingale, Jake Sganga, Hattie Cutcliffe, Cameron R 'Dale' Bass
Cervical spine injuries continue to be a costly societal problem. Future advancements in injury prevention depend on improved physical and computational models, which are predicated on a better understanding of the neck response during dynamic loading. Previous studies have shown that the tolerance of the neck is dependent on its initial position and its buckling behavior. This study uses a computational model to examine three important factors hypothesized to influence the loads experienced by vertebrae in the neck under compressive impact: muscle activation, torso constraints, and pre-flexion angle of the cervical spine...
February 29, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26502522/-prevention-of-postoperative-cerebrospinal-fluid-leakage-with-absorbable-hemostatic-fluid-gelatin
#15
Li-tai Ma, Hao Liu, Quan Gong, Li Tao, Yu Ang Bei, Gan-jun Feng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of absorbable hemostatic fluid gelatin in preventing postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage. METHODS: The clinical data of 17 patients with dura mater tear were retrospectively analyzed from March to September in 2003. There were 16 males and 1 female, aged from 16 to 67 years old with an average of (39.6 ± 15.4) years. The injury site was at cervical vertebrae in 1 case, thoracic vertebrae in 9 cases, thoracolumbar junction in 4 cases, lumbar vertebrae in 3 cases...
August 2015: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26188769/morphological-changes-in-the-human-cervical-intervertebral-disc-post-trauma-response-to-fracture-type-and-degeneration-grade-over-time
#16
Ingrid Sitte, Miranda Klosterhuber, Richard Andreas Lindtner, Martin Cornelius Freund, Sabrina Barbara Neururer, Kristian Pfaller, Anton Kathrein
PURPOSE: In the first 24 h post-intervertebral disc (IVD) trauma, up to 75 % cell death has been reported. In addition, burst fractures cause post-traumatic disc degeneration by elevated pro-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory gene transcription. Moreover, some patients have pre-trauma degenerative disc disease. The aim of the study was to assess histological changes and cell-death over a time period of up to 1 year caused by mechanical and structural factors. METHODS: 116 anterior portions of IVDs of the cervical spine were studied histologically by light microscopy and ultrastructurally by transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
January 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26167212/assessment-of-ultrasound-as-a-diagnostic-modality-for-detecting-potentially-unstable-cervical-spine-fractures-in-pediatric-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-feasibility-study
#17
Deepak Agrawal, Tej Prakash Sinha, Sanjeev Bhoi
BACKGROUND: Early cervical spine clearance is extremely important in unconscious trauma patients and may be difficult to achieve in emergency setting. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of standard portable ultrasound in detecting potentially unstable cervical spine injuries in severe traumatic brain injured (TBI) patients during initial resuscitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retro-prospective pilot study carried out over 1-month period (June-July 2013) after approval from the institutional ethics committee...
April 2015: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26143476/neurosurgical-injuries-caused-by-the-2011-van-earthquake-the-experience-at-the-van-regional-training-and-research-hospital
#18
Abdurrahman Aycan, Ulaş Yener, Nur Aycan, Edip Gönüllü, Recep Dursun, Hayriye Gönüllü
BACKGROUND: On October 23, 2011, a devastating earthquake, magnitude 7.2 on the Richter Scale, jolted the province of Van in the east of Turkey and led to hundreds of casualties. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to present our clinical experience in the management of patients with cranial and spinal injuries who were admitted to the Van Regional Training and Research Hospital. METHODS: The retrospective study included 44 (77.2%) patients who were referred to the neurosurgery department after being diagnosed with spinal and cranial injuries due to earthquake at the emergency department between October 23 and 27, 2011...
October 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25868093/spinal-injuries-in-an-airplane-crash-a-description-of-incidence-morphology-and-injury-mechanism
#19
I L E Postma, F C Oner, T S Bijlsma, M J Heetveld, J C Goslings, F W Bloemers
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. OBJECTIVE: Spinal injuries of the survivors of an airplane crash are described. On the basis of injury morphology and knowledge of the conditions of the accident, injury mechanisms are described and prevention measures are discussed. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The most common causes of spinal fractures are a high energy fall (incidence 21.2%-39%) and motor vehicle accidents (21.7%-33.61%). Detailed reports solely on spinal injuries, as a result of an airplane crash, are scarce in literature...
April 15, 2015: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25648401/evidence-based-medicine-of-traumatic-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures-a-systematic-review-of-operative-management-across-20-years
#20
REVIEW
Justin K Scheer, Joshua Bakhsheshian, Shayan Fakurnejad, Taemin Oh, Nader S Dahdaleh, Zachary A Smith
Study Design Systematic literature review. Objective The management of traumatic thoracolumbar burst fractures (TLBF) remains challenging, and analyzing the levels of evidence (LOEs) for treatment practices can reform the decision-making process. However, no review has yet evaluated the operative management of traumatic thoracolumbar burst fractures with particular attention placed on LOE from an established methodology. The objective of the present study was to characterize the literature evidence for TLBF, specifically for operative management...
February 2015: Global Spine Journal
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