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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876984/first-serological-study-of-equine-hydatidosis-in-iran
#1
Ehsanollah Sakhaee, Mehdi Golchin, Hamidreza Amiri, Mohammad Reza Fayed, Jamaladdin Eydi
Hydatidosis, is an important worldwide zoonotic disease caused by larval stages (metacestodes) of tapeworm parasites of the genus Echinococcus. The objective of the present study was to determine the seroprevalence of equine hydatidosis in Iran by latex agglutination test. This study also served to correlate sex and age with mentioned results in cases. Therefore, 193 serum samples were collected from clinically healthy horses at 9 race clubs in Kerman, Yazd and Golestan provinces, Iran. According to the results, antibodies against hydatidosis were detected in 6 sera (3...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876927/anticestodal-properties-of-hibiscus-rosa-sinensis-l-malvaceae-an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study-against-hymenolepis-diminuta-rudolphi-1819-a-zoonotic-tapeworm
#2
Purobi Nath, Arun K Yadav
The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro and in vivo anticestodal effects of methanol extract of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. (Malvaceae) leaf against Hymenolepis diminuta (Rudolphi, 1819), a zoonotic tapeworm. Under the in vitro study, H. diminuta worms were exposed to 10, 20 and 40 mg/ml concentrations of methanol leaf extract and the effects were judged on the basis of physical motility/mortality of worms. On the other hand, in the case of in vivo study, H. diminuta infected rats were treated individually with 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg doses of leaf extract for 5 days...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658604/catenotaenia-dendritica-cestoda-catenotaeniidae-and-three-ectoparasite-species-in-the-red-squirrel-sciurus-vulgaris-from-cheongju-korea
#3
Seongjun Choe, Dongmin Lee, Hansol Park, Hyeong-Kyu Jeon, Youngsun Lee, Ki-Jeong Na, In-Yong Lee, Keeseon S Eom
Parasites are recorded from the red squirrel, Sciurus vulgaris, from Cheongju, the Republic of Korea. A total of 5 road-killed squirrels were thoroughly examined for internal and external parasites from November 2011 to May 2014. Total 4 parasite species, including 1 tapeworm and 3 ectoparasite species were recovered. They were morphologically identified as Catenotaenia dendritica (Cestoda: Catenotaeniidae), Hirstionyssus sciurinus, Leptotrombidium pallidum, and Ceratophyllus (Monopsyllus) indages. Among them, C...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605841/in-vitro-anthelmintic-assessment-of-selected-phytochemicals-against-hymenolepis-diminuta-a-zoonotic-tapeworm
#4
Vijaya, Arun K Yadav
A large number of medicinal plants are used as herbal remedy for the treatment of helminthic diseases in the developing countries, however, far too little attention has been paid to assess the anthelmintic potentials of chemical compounds that are present in these plants. This study was carried out to assess the in vitro anthelmintic effects of biochanin A, ursolic acid, betulinic acid and beta-sitosterol which are the major phytochemicals of Trifolium repens, Houttuynia cordata and Lasia spinosa, the traditionally used anthelmintic plants of Northeast India...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572265/high-resolution-phylogeography-of-zoonotic-tapeworm-echinococcus-granulosus-sensu-stricto-genotype-g1-with-an-emphasis-on-its-distribution-in-turkey-italy-and-spain
#5
Liina Kinkar, Teivi Laurimäe, Sami Simsek, Ibrahim Balkaya, Adriano Casulli, Maria Teresa Manfredi, Francisco Ponce-Gordo, Antonio Varcasia, Antti Lavikainen, Luis Miguel González, Steffen Rehbein, Joke VAN DER Giessen, Hein Sprong, Urmas Saarma
Echinococcus granulosus is the causative agent of cystic echinococcosis. The disease is a significant global public health concern and human infections are most commonly associated with E. granulosus sensu stricto (s. s.) genotype G1. The objectives of this study were to: (i) analyse the genetic variation and phylogeography of E. granulosus s. s. G1 in part of its main distribution range in Europe using 8274 bp of mtDNA; (ii) compare the results with those derived from previously used shorter mtDNA sequences and highlight the major differences...
November 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514893/a-systematic-review-on-the-global-occurrence-of-taenia-hydatigena-in-pigs-and-cattle
#6
REVIEW
Man Thi Thuy Nguyen, Sarah Gabriël, Emmanuel Nji Abatih, Pierre Dorny
Taenia hydatigena, a non-zoonotic tapeworm species shares the same intermediate hosts with other Taenia zoonotic species, such as Taenia solium in pigs and Taenia saginata in cattle. The occurrence of T. hydatigena in pigs and cattle may cause cross-reactions in immunodiagnostic tests and therefore, complicate the diagnosis of the zoonotic species. This study was conducted to systematically review the data on the prevalence of T. hydatigena in pigs and cattle, with the aim to assess the potential interference in serological diagnosis of zoonotic Taenia spp...
August 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447205/epidemiological-survey-of-zoonotic-helminths-in-feral-cats-in-gran-canaria-island-macaronesian-archipelago-spain
#7
Eligia Rodríguez-Ponce, Jorge F González, Magnolia Conde de Felipe, Julia N Hernández, J Raduan Jaber
The presence of zoonotic parasites in feral cats have been widely considered all over the world. In Gran Canaria (Macaronesian archipelago, Canary Islands, Spain) the number of feral cats has grown out of control in urban and rural areas. 48 of Felis catus captured in different Gran Canaria areas were studied. Animals were necropsied and several organs were systematically examined in order to collect and identify macroscopic parasites. In addition, coprological tests were done in 28 cats. There were no statistically significant differences in the prevalence rate among sex, age or capture area, showing an overall prevalence of helminths of 77...
September 1, 2016: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428068/zoonotic-encounters-at-the-slaughterhouse-pathways-and-possibilities-for-the-control-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-northern-morocco
#8
Kevin Louis Bardosh, Ikhlass El Berbri, Marie Ducrotoy, Mohammed Bouslikhane, Fassi Fihri Ouafaa, Susan C Welburn
This study traces the biosocial dynamics of Echinococcus granulosus - a zoonotic tapeworm spread between dogs, livestock and people - at slaughterhouses in Morocco. One of the most important parasitic zoonoses worldwide, this neglected cestode is responsible for a debilitating, potentially life-threatening, human disease and significant livestock production losses. Transmission can be interrupted, among other ways, by restricting dogs from eating cyst-infected livestock viscera. Recent epidemiological studies in Sidi Kacem province, northern Morocco, found that government-operated slaughterhouses were 'hotspots' for hydatid cysts in livestock and infection in dogs...
September 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413318/survey-of-hydatidosis-infection-in-slaughtered-camel-camelus-dromedarius-in-tabriz-area-northwest-iran
#9
Mohammad Mirzaei, Hadi Rezaei, Ahmad Nematollahi, Javad Ashrafihelan
Hydatid Disease is the name given to the condition caused by the zoonotic tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. The tapeworm spends most of its adult life in the intestine of its definitive host, namely canids and in particular the dog. The tapeworm eggs become voided in the canids' faeces and as a result of ingesting the eggs, infection passes to the intermediate host, commonly herbivores while grazing. However, humans can become accidentally infected and hydatid cysts may develop throughout the body. During April 2010-February 2014, a total 198 camels, which had been sent to the abattoir, the daily number of hydatid infected livers and lungs of camels slaughtered at Tabriz abattoir were recorded...
June 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314257/coexistent-borderline-serous-cystadenoma-with-multifocal-hydatidosis-in-a-young-female-lessons-learnt
#10
Saifullah Khalid, Faisal Jamal, Dalia Rafat, Murad Ahmed, Sabarish Narayanasamy, Amber Obaid, Mariam Shadan
Hydatid disease (HD) is a commonly occurring zoonotic disease caused by tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus. It is endemic in many parts of the world and can involve almost any organ of the body. Although HD of the liver and lungs is quite common, ovarian involvement is rare. We present a case of a 24-year-old female patient who was diagnosed with multifocal hydatidosis involving the liver and bilateral ovaries on imaging. Postoperative histopathology confirmed the hydatid disease in the liver and one ovary...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279259/echinococcus-multilocularis-and-other-zoonotic-parasites-in-red-foxes-in-estonia
#11
Leidi Laurimaa, Epp Moks, Egle Soe, Harri Valdmann, Urmas Saarma
Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the most widely distributed canid in the world and an important source of multiple zoonotic pathogens capable of causing life-threatening diseases, such as rabies and alveolar echinococcosis. Informing general public of potential risks related to foxes is becoming more important since the fox densities have increased in many countries and the species is colonizing urban areas in Europe and around the world with increasing pace, bringing zoonotic pathogens to the immediate neighbourhood of humans and their companion animals...
September 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065597/sero-epidemiological-value-of-some-hydatid-cyst-antigen-in-diagnosis-of-human-cystic-echinococcosis
#12
Mohey Abdelhafez Hassanain, Raafat Mohamed Shaapan, Fathia Abdelrazik M Khalil
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a severe zoonotic disease which affects both human and animals. The disease has a considerable economic and social impact, because it has numerous complications leading to important disabilities and even death. CE is a widespread chronic endemic helminthic disease caused by infection with metacestodes of tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. This study was conducted to diagnosis human CE by hydatid cyst antigens from camels and sheep. Hydatid fluid and protoscoleces crude antigens corresponding to camel and sheep were resolute by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) under reducing conditions and the protein bands of different antigens were exposed to infected patients serum CE through western blot (WB) assay...
March 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054089/first-identification-of-echinococcus-multilocularis-in-rodent-intermediate-hosts-in-sweden
#13
Andrea L Miller, Gert E Olsson, Marion R Walburg, Sofia Sollenberg, Moa Skarin, Cecilia Ley, Helene Wahlström, Johan Höglund
Echinococcus multilocularis is a zoonotic tapeworm with a sylvatic lifecycle and an expanding range in Europe. Monitoring efforts following its first identification in 2011 in Sweden have focused on the parasite's definitive host, the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). However, identifying rodent intermediate hosts is important to recognize opportunities for parasite transmission. During 2013-2015, livers from a total of 1566 rodents from four regions in Sweden were examined for E. multilocularis metacestode lesions...
April 2016: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27031900/a-life-threatening-brainstem-compression-by-cerebral-echinococcus-granulosus
#14
Zehra Cagla Karakoç, Mustafa Omür Kasimcan, Anna Paola Pipia, Gessica Tore, Alberto Alberti, Antonio Varcasia, Aydin Sav, Hakan Oruçkaptan
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. It is of worldwide importance, and is widespread in the Mediterranean region and Middle East. This tapeworm shows great intraspecific variation in relation to host specificity, epidemiology and morphology. This variability led in previous years to the identification of ten (G1-G10) different genotypes of the parasite. Cerebral localization of E. granulosus is not common: it especially affects children and is more frequently located in the supratentorial region...
2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928837/molecular-diagnosis-of-human-taenia-martis-eye-infection
#15
Till Koch, Christoph Schoen, Birgit Muntau, Marylyn Addo, Helmut Ostertag, Burkhard Wiechens, Dennis Tappe
Taenia martis, a tapeworm harbored in the intestine of mustelids, is a rarely encountered zoonotic cysticercosis pathogen. The larval stage closely resembles the Taenia solium cysticercus, but the natural host and thus the epidemiology of the disease is different. We here report a human eye infection diagnosed molecularly in a previously healthy female German patient. The case represents the third human infection described worldwide; the two previous cases were also European, involving eye and brain.
May 4, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878612/senna-leaf-extracts-induced-ca-2-homeostasis-in-a-zoonotic-tapeworm-hymenolepis-diminuta
#16
Saptarshi Roy, Suman Kundu, Larisha M Lyndem
Context Plants and plant products have been used in traditional medicine as anthelmintic agents in human and veterinary medicine. Three species of Senna plant, S. alata (L), S. alexandrina (M) and S. occidentalis (L.) Link (Fabaceae) have been shown to have a vermicidal/vermifugal effect on a zoonotic tapeworm Hymenolepis diminuta (Rudolphi) (Cyclophyllidean). Objective The present study validates the mode of action of these Senna plants on the parasite. The alcoholic leaf extract was determined to obtain information on the intracellular free calcium concentration level...
October 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26797435/codon-usage-bias-and-determining-forces-in-taenia-solium-genome
#17
Xing Yang, Xusheng Ma, Xuenong Luo, Houjun Ling, Xichen Zhang, Xuepeng Cai
The tapeworm Taenia solium is an important human zoonotic parasite that causes great economic loss and also endangers public health. At present, an effective vaccine that will prevent infection and chemotherapy without any side effect remains to be developed. In this study, codon usage patterns in the T. solium genome were examined through 8,484 protein-coding genes. Neutrality analysis showed that T. solium had a narrow GC distribution, and a significant correlation was observed between GC12 and GC3. Examination of an NC (ENC vs GC3s)-plot showed a few genes on or close to the expected curve, but the majority of points with low-ENC (the effective number of codons) values were detected below the expected curve, suggesting that mutational bias plays a major role in shaping codon usage...
December 2015: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26780546/surveillance-and-management-of-echinococcus-multilocularis-in-a-wildlife-park
#18
Gérald Umhang, Jennifer Lahoreau, Vanessa Hormaz, Jean-Marc Boucher, Amandine Guenon, Damien Montange, Frédéric Grenouillet, Franck Boue
The fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis is the causative agent of alveolar echinococcosis, a severe zoonotic disease that may be fatal if untreated. A broad spectrum of mammalian species may be accidentally infected even in captivity. In April 2011, liver lesions due to E. multilocularis were observed during the necropsy of a captive-born nutria (Myocastor coypus) in a French wildlife park, leading to initiation of a study to survey the parasite's presence in the park. A comparable environmental contamination with fox's feces infected by E...
June 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26751512/a-waterborn-zoonotic-helminthiase-in-an-italian-diver-a-case-report-of-a-cutaneous-sparganum-infection-and-a-review-of-european-cases
#19
Giorgia Bracaglia, Stefania Ranno, Livia Mancinelli, Maristella Santoro, Lorenzo Cerroni, Cesare Massone, Omar Sangueza, Francisco G Bravo, Andrea Diociaiuti, Emanuele Nicastri, Maurizio Muraca, May El Hachem, Renata Boldrini, Francesco Callea, Lorenza Putignani
Many waterborne helminthes are opportunistic parasites that can travel directly from animals to man and may contain forms capable of penetrating the skin. Among these, Sparganum is the pseudophyllidean tapeworm that belongs to the genus Spirometra, which is responsible for parasitic zoonosis; it is rarely detected in Europe and is caused by the plerocercoid infective larva. Thus far, only six cases of cutaneous and ocular sparganosis have been reported in Europe; two and four cases have occurred in France and Italy, respectively...
2015: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26711916/8-year-old-patient-with-giant-hydatid-cyst-consulted-with-chest-wall-asymmetry
#20
Saime Sündüs Uygun, Olgun Kadir Arıbaş, Sevgi Pekcan
Cystic echinococcosis, a zoonotic disease, is common in Turkey and is caused by the Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm. We describe the case of an 8-year-old girl who was admitted to hospital with chest wall asymmetry after a fall from height, without any other symptoms. Cystic lesion was identified on radiology, and serology supported the diagnosis of hydatid cyst. The patient underwent thorax surgery. Postoperatively, she was treated with benzimidazoles for 2 months. Rarely, hydatid cysts can reach a size sufficiently large to cause chest deformity...
December 2015: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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