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Blood sugar monitoring

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084137/kiwifruit-non-sugar-components-reduce-glycaemic-response-to-co-ingested-cereal-in-humans
#1
Suman Mishra, Haley Edwards, Duncan Hedderley, John Podd, John Monro
Kiwifruit (KF) effects on the human glycaemic response to co-ingested wheat cereal were determined. Participants (n = 20) consumed four meals in random order, all being made to 40 g of the same available carbohydrate, by adding kiwifruit sugars (KF sug; glucose, fructose, sucrose 2:2:1) to meals not containing KF. The meals were flaked wheat biscuit (WB)+KFsug, WB+KF, WB+guar gum+KFsug, WB+guar gum+KF, that was ingested after fasting overnight. Blood glucose was monitored 3 h and hunger measured at 180 min post-meal using a visual analogue scale...
October 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074084/monitoring-the-protective-ability-of-thymoquinone-mixture-with-p-cymene-against-bovine-serum-albumin-bsa-glycation-mcr-als-analysis-based-on-combined-spectroscopic-and-electrochemical-methods
#2
Ali Benvidi, Masoud Rezaeinasab, Sajjad Gharaghani, Saleheh Abbasi
Protein glycation with sugars such as glucose start by the initial reaction between the carbonyl group of sugars and the amino group of proteins such as albumin and hemoglobin. This leads to the generation of Schiff base and following that the amadori and advanced glycation end products (AGEs). AGEs products can store in tissues and blood of diabetic patients. So, they play key roles to generate free radicals, which cause the development of diabetes complications. Inhibition of protein glycation plays an important role in controlling diabetes, so the identification of anti-glycation compounds is now receiving considerable interest...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056393/blood-sugar-changes-and-hospital-mortality-in-multiple-trauma
#3
Mehdi Torabi, Fereshteh Mazidi Sharaf Abadi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi
OBJECTIVES: Hyperglycemia with unknown mechanism plays a predictive role in determining the prognosis of multiple trauma patients. The exact time of blood sugar measurement and the role of blood sugar changes in the monitoring of these patients have not been well established. METHODS: This follow-up study was done on multiple trauma patients (>18years) with an Injury Severity Scores (ISS)>16. These patients didn't have any history of diabetes, underlying disease, or drug or alcohol use...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036213/the-value-of-real-time-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-premature-infants-of-diabetic-mothers
#4
Hean-Pat Saw, Nai-Wei Yao, Cheng-Di Chiu, Jia-Yuh Chen
To determine the feasibility of using a real-time continuous glucose monitoring system (RTGMS) in intensive care units, our study focus on preterm infants with diabetic mothers owing to their high risk of blood sugar abnormalities. Thirty preterm babies (M = 15 and F = 15; ≤ 36 week gestation age) were studied from within 72 hours of delivery. These babies were admitted to the newborn intensive care and were further categorized into groups based on whether their mothers with or without diabetic mellitus. Blood sugar levels were monitored by both RTGMS and the traditional intermittent arterial line (A-Line) glucose method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967612/a-history-of-continuous-glucose-monitors-cgms-in-self-monitoring-of-diabetes-mellitus
#5
REVIEW
David Olczuk, Ronny Priefer
Self-monitoring of glucose for individuals afflicted with diabetes mellitus has allowed patients to take control of their disease and thus directly affect the outcomes related to it. It has been almost a century since the first test to monitor one's sugar was developed; that being a urine test. The most well-known and prominent medical device for monitor blood glucose for individuals with diabetes are the finger-prick devices. This itself is an approximately 50year old technology. More recently has been the introduction of continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) which entered the market place in the last year of the 20th century...
September 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948952/efficacy-of-metformin-in-improving-glycaemic-control-perinatal-outcome-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-non-randomized-study
#6
Neeta Singh, Malti Madhu, Perumal Vanamail, Nisha Malik, Sunesh Kumar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) can cause adverse perinatal outcome if not treated. Although insulin therapy has been the main treatment modality over decades but considering its cost and parenteral mode of administration, it does not seem to be appropriate, especially in low-resource settings. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of metformin in GDM and know its efficacy as well as adverse effect on foetus and mother. METHODS: All pregnant women with GDM who were not controlled on medical nutrition therapy and required metformin therapy were included in the study...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920049/effect-of-selenium-on-stress-response-in-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-clinical-trial
#7
Ali Mirmansouri, Vali Imantalab, Ali Mohammadzadeh Jouryabi, Gholamreza Kanani, Bahram Naderi Nabi, Farnoush Farzi, Gelareh Biazar, Samaneh Ghazanfar Tehran, Masoud Tarbiat
BACKGROUND: In spite of significant improvements in surgical and anesthetic techniques, acute stress response to surgery remains a main cause of mortality and morbidity in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery patients. Therefore, doing research to find safe and effective modalities with more cardio protective properties seems necessary. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we sought to determine whether intravenous injection of 600 μg Selenium (Se) prior to surgery would limit stress response measured by blood sugar...
February 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883893/the-association-between-alu-hypomethylation-and-severity-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Jirapan Thongsroy, Maturada Patchsung, Apiwat Mutirangura
BACKGROUND: Cellular senescence due to genomic instability is believed to be one of the mechanisms causing health problems in diabetes mellitus (DM). Low methylation levels of Alu elements or Alu hypomethylation, an epigenomic event causing genomic instability, were commonly found in aging people and patients with aging phenotypes, such as osteoporosis. RESULTS: We investigate Alu methylation levels of white blood cells of type 2 DM, pre-DM, and control. The DM group possess the lowest Alu methylation (P < 0...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868043/metabolomics-profiling-as-a-diagnostic-tool-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
REVIEW
Jussi P Posti, Alex M Dickens, Matej Orešič, Tuulia Hyötyläinen, Olli Tenovuo
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a complex disease with a multifaceted pathophysiology. Impairment of energy metabolism is a key component of secondary insults. This phenomenon is a consequence of multiple potential mechanisms including diffusion hypoxia, mitochondrial failure, and increased energy needs due to systemic trauma responses, seizures, or spreading depolarization. The degree of disturbance in brain metabolism is affected by treatment interventions and reflected in clinical patient outcome. Hence, monitoring of these secondary events in peripheral blood will provide a window into the pathophysiological course of severe TBI...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832184/type-1-diabetes-at-high-altitude-performance-of-personal-insulin-pumps-and-patient-metabolic-control
#10
Bartłomiej Matejko, Andrzej Gawrecki, Marta Wróbel, Jerzy Hohendorff, Teresa Benbenek-Klupa, Maciej T Malecki, Dorota Zozulińska-Ziółkiewicz, Tomasz Klupa
High-altitude trekking can expose people to extreme environmental conditions, like low temperatures and hypobaric hypoxia. Such extreme conditions make it more difficult for people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) to maintain glycemic control. Intensive blood glucose monitoring using either glucose meters or continuous systems is imperative in these cases. In this observational study, we report metabolic control of T1DM patients and the performance of various insulin pumps at high altitude. All 19 patients with T1DM included in this study participated in the final step of the "5000 meters above sugar level" initiative, which involved trekking Damavand Mountain to an altitude of 5670 meters above sea level...
October 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819568/nebivolol-attenuates-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-a-marker-of-subclinical-inflammation-in-hypertensive-patients
#11
Mazhar Hussain, Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Zafar Majeed Babar, Moazzam Ali Atif, Lubna Akhtar
BACKGROUND: High value of neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a strong independent predictor and biomarker of ongoing vascular inflammation in various cardiovascular disorders. OBJECTIVE: The main focus of the study is to investigate the effect of nebivolol on NLR in mild to moderate hypertensive patients in comparison with metoprolol. In addition, BMI, blood pressure, TLC count, blood sugar, and lipid profile were also assayed before and after treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this 12-week prospective double-blinded randomized study, 120 patients with mild to moderate hypertension were randomly divided into two groups to prescribed daily dose of tab nebivolol 5-10 mg and metoprolol 50-100 mg, respectively, for 12 weeks...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818706/diabetes-increases-interleukin-17-levels-in-periapical-hepatic-and-renal-tissues-in-rats
#12
Mariane Maffei Azuma, João Eduardo Gomes-Filho, Annelise Katrine Carrara Prieto, Renata Oliveira Samuel, Valéria Marçal Felix de Lima, Dóris Hissako Sumida, Edilson Ervolino, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the association between endodontic infection and diabetes on interleukin-17 levels in periapical, hepatic, and renal tissues of rats. DESIGN: Forty male rats were divided into groups: normoglycemic rats (N), normoglycemic rats with apical periodontitis (N-AP), rats with experimental diabetes (ED), and rats with experimental diabetes and apical periodontitis (ED-AP). Diabetes was induced by intravenous streptozotocin injection, and blood sugar levels were monitored to confirm disease development...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782747/laparoscopic-surgery-for-solitary-insulinoma-in-the-absence-of-ious
#13
Abhay Narendra Dalvi, Mahadeo Namdeo Garale, Yogesh Prabhakar Takalkar, Sameer Ashok Rege, Pinky Manoharlal Thapar, Lila Anurag, Nalini Samir Shah
BACKGROUND: Insulinomas are the most common pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. In spite of adequate pre-operative localisation, conventional surgical methods rely on intraoperative palpation. Intraoperative ultrasonography (IOUS) is said to aid in accurate localisation, decreases morbidity. Laparoscopic removal of pancreatic endocrine neoplasms is beneficial due to magnification and minimal invasion; however, in the absence of IOUS, error of judgement may lead to conversion to open surgery, thereby relying on 'palpation method' to localise the tumour...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782194/the-preparation-of-hyaluronic-acid-nanoparticles-from-aspicilia-lichens-using-bifido-bacteria-for-help-in-the-treatment-of-diabetes-in-rats-in-vivo
#14
Akbar Esmaeili, Shirin Rajaee
Many common herbs and spices are claimed to have blood sugar lowering properties that make them useful for people with or at high risk of diabetes. The main of compounds of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa), rhubarb (Rheum ribes), membrane inner of egg shell, wool of sheep, human fingernail (unguis), hyaluronic acid produced by the Bifidobacterium, and usnic acid of Aspicilia lichen were extracted by different methods. All compounds of the extract were divided into five groups. We used variables such as pH, different compounds, concentration, number of injections, and blood glucose monitoring in different situations...
August 7, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772105/transient-endothelial-dysfunction-induced-by-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-may-be-attenuated-by-a-single-bout-of-aerobic-exercise
#15
Pia Varsamis, Guillaume Walther, Bianca Share, Frances Taylor, Simon Stewart, Christian Lorenzen, Jordan Loader
BACKGROUND: This study assessed whether aerobic exercise would attenuate microvascular endothelial dysfunction induced by commercial sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. METHODS: Eleven healthy males participated in this randomized, single-blind crossover study. Cutaneous microvascular endothelial function was assessed using laser speckle contrast imaging coupled with post-occlusive reactive hyperemia before and after a) consumption of water; b) consumption of a commercial SSB; c) 30min of aerobic exercise followed by water consumption; and d) 30 minutes of aerobic exercise followed by SSB consumption...
July 31, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753611/the-impact-of-the-quality-of-care-and-other-factors-on-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-thai-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#16
Paithoon Sonthon, Supannee Promthet, Siribha Changsirikulchai, Ram Rangsin, Bandit Thinkhamrop, Suthee Rattanamongkolgul, Cameron P Hurst
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigates the impact of quality of care (QoC) and other factors on chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage progression among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: This study employed a retrospective cohort from a nationwide Diabetes and Hypertension study involving 595 Thai hospitals. T2DM patients who were observed at least 2 times in the 3 years follow-up (between 2011-2013) were included in our study. Ordinal logistic mixed effect regression modeling was used to investigate the association between the QoC and other factors with CKD stage progression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712186/glycaemic-control-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-during-ramazan-fasting
#17
Uzma Malik, Nasir Mahmood, Khurshid Ahmed Khan, Maliha Hameed, Fawad Ahmed Randhawa, Sadia Salman, Amna Riaz, Khadija Waheed, Aqeela Rasheed
BACKGROUND: Among five main pillars of Islam Fasting is one of the key elements, all healthy adult Muslims have to observe fast from dawn till dusk during the holy month of Ramadan. According to a 2009 demographic study, Islam has 1.57 billion believers, making up 23% of the world population of 6.8 billion, and is growing by 3% per year. EPIDIAR (epidemiology of diabetes and Ramadan) study showed that 43% patients with type 1 and 79% patients with type2 diabetes observe fast during the month of Ramadan...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700414/evaluation-of-gut-blood-barrier-dysfunction-in-various-models-of-trauma-hemorrhagic-shock-and-burn-injury
#18
Lisa Wrba, Annette Palmer, Christian Karl Braun, Markus Huber-Lang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681521/changes-of-bladder-m1-3-muscarinic-receptor-expression-in-rats-fed-with-short-term-long-term-high-fat-diets
#19
Chian-Shiung Lin, Tony T-L Wu, Chin-Hong Chang, Juei-Tang Cheng, Yat-Ching Tong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of high-fat diet (HFD) on bladder M1,3 muscarinic receptor expression and contractile function in the rat. METHODS: Eight-week-old male rats were divided into two groups including one with HFD for 8 weeks (short-term) and the other for 24 weeks (long-term). Each group was compared to age-matched rats fed with normal chow as controls. The body weight, food intake amount and blood biochemistry were monitored. Bladder muscle contractile responses to acetylcholine (0...
July 5, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678303/a-comparison-of-discovered-regularities-in-blood-glucose-readings-across-two-data-collection-approaches-used-with-a-type-1-diabetic-youth
#20
Victor Lee, Travis Thurston, Chris Thurston
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes requires frequent testing and monitoring of blood glucose levels in order to determine appropriate type and dosage of insulin administration. This can lead to thousands of individual measurements over the course of a lifetime of a single individual, of which very few are retained as part of a permanent record. The third author, aged 9, and his family have maintained several years of written records since his diagnosis with Type 1 diabetes at age 20 months, and have also recently begun to obtain automated records from a continuous glucose monitor...
July 5, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
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