Read by QxMD icon Read

Blood sugar monitoring

Yan Zhang, Zhongyuan Huang, Letao Wang, Chunming Wang, Changde Zhang, Thomas E Wiese, Guangdi Wang, Kevin Eugene Riley, Zhe Wang
This work aims to face the challenge of monitoring small molecule drugs accurately and rapidly for point-of-care (POC) diagnosis in current clinical settings. Overdose of acetaminophen (AP), a commonly used OTC analgesic drug, has been determined to be a major cause of acute liver failure in the US and the UK. However, there is no rapid and accurate detection method available for this drug in the emergency room. The present study examined an AP sensing strategy that relies on a previously unexplored strong interaction between AP and the arginine (Arg) molecule...
March 15, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Carlo Ripoli, Anna Paola Pinna, Faustina Podda, Roberta Zanni, Maria Giada Tronci, Anna Maria Nurchi
Second generation antipsychotics (SGA) are used in children for the treatment of various psychiatric diseases, including pervasive developmental disorders. These drugs can cause metabolic effects as hyperglycemia and diabetes. A 16-year-old young-boy, diagnosed with autism, developed diabetes mellitus type 1 whilst he was on treatment with olanzapine (started 4 months before), clomipramine, valproic acid and lithium. The hypothesis of druginduced diabetes imposed olanzapine interruption and clozapine initiation...
December 13, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
Afaque H Khan, Samina Zaidi
We report five cases of treatment-resistant schizophrenia that presented with prominent negative and positive symptoms. They fulfill the criteria of diagnosis of schizophrenia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5). They showed lack of response despite receiving multiple trials of first and second generation psychotropic agents. We decided to give these patients a trial of clozapine to improve their negative and positive symptoms as well as their quality of life...
December 20, 2017: Curēus
Mazhar Hussain, Muhammad Zafar Majeed Babar, Lubna Akhtar, Muhammad Shahbaz Hussain
Background and Objective: Increased neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a marker as well as predictor of various cardiac and non cardiac disorders. Our aim was to assess the relationship between NLR and different level of glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: An observational study was conducted at diabetic clinic of Sheikh Zayed Medical College/Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan from September 2016 to February 2017 in which 330 type 2 diabetic patients were randomly divided in to three groups based upon diabetes control according to ADA criteria...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Christoph Kopp, Peter Linz, Carolin Maier, Peter Wabel, Matthias Hammon, Armin M Nagel, Daniela Rosenhauer, Stephan Horn, Michael Uder, Friedrich C Luft, Jens Titze, Anke Dahlmann
Long-term elevated blood sugar levels result in tissue matrix compositional changes in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM). We hypothesized that hemodialysis patients with T2DM might accumulate more tissue sodium than control hemodialysis patients. To test this,23 Na magnetic resonance imaging (23 Na MRI) was used to estimate sodium in skin and muscle tissue in hemodialysis patients with or without T2DM. Muscle fat content was estimated by1 H MRI and tissue sodium content by23 Na MRI pre- and post-hemodialysis in ten hemodialysis patients with T2DM and in 30 matched control hemodialysis patients...
February 15, 2018: Kidney International
Marie Gilbert Majella, Palanivel Chinnakali, Bijay Nanda Naik, Pruthu Thekkur, Bharath Nag, Gomathi Ramaswamy
Introduction: The burden of diabetes mellitus is increasing worldwide, more so in developing countries. Optimal diabetes care depends on adherence to management protocol, which can be brought about by shared decision-making. Patient's knowledge on life-threatening complications and preventive strategies for the same is a prerequisite for shared decision-making. Hence, this study was carried out among diabetes patients to assess the level of knowledge on different aspects of diabetes management...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Beom-June Kwon, Dae-Won Kim, Mahn-Won Park, Sung-Ho Her, Ha Wook Park, Kiyuk Chang, Wook-Sung Chung, Ki-Bae Seung, Tai-Ho Rho
BACKGROUND: This study is the first study to evaluate clinical significance of combined glucose intolerance (CGI) in treatment-naïve hypertensive patients. METHODS: We compared the results of demographic, anthropometric, clinical, laboratory examinations, echocardiography, arterial stiffness, central blood pressure (BP) and ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) between the groups according to fasting blood sugar (FBS), postprandial 2 hour blood glucose (PP2) and gender in treatment-naïve hypertensive patients...
February 2, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Qing Ye, Uzma Khan, Suzanne A Boren, Eduardo J Simoes, Min Soon Kim
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management (DSM) applications (apps) have been designed to improve knowledge of diabetes and self-management behaviors. However, few studies have systematically examined if diabetes apps followed the American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE) Self-Care Behaviors™ guidelines. The purpose of this study was to compare the features of current DSM apps to the AADE7™ guidelines. METHODS: In two major app stores (iTunes and Google Play), we used three search terms "diabetes," "blood sugar," and "glucose" to capture a wide range of diabetes apps...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Mistire Wolde, Getahun Tarekegn, Tedla Kebede
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care glucometer (PoCG) devices play a significant role in self-monitoring of the blood sugar level, particularly in the follow-up of high blood sugar therapeutic response. The aim of this study was to evaluate blood glucose test results performed with four randomly selected glucometers on diabetes and control subjects versus standard wet chemistry (hexokinase) methods in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHOD: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on randomly selected 200 study participants (100 participants with diabetes and 100 healthy controls)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Caren McHenry Martin, Catherine Travis
Obtaining and maintaining adequate blood glucose control in the older adult with diabetes offers unique challenges. Intensive blood glucose control can increase the risk of hypoglycemia, which can be particularly risky in the older adult. Adding and adjusting diabetes medications in elderly patients with multiple comorbidities and numerous other medications can also be challenging. The use of professional continuous glucose monitors-which are worn by the patient for up to two weeks and record blood sugars every 5 to 15 minutes-provides pharmacists and other health care professionals with valuable data for managing the care of the older adult with diabetes...
January 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
Saba Samad Memon, Nikhil Tandon, Sandeep Mahajan, V K Bansal, Asuri Krishna, Arunkumar Subbiah
Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of immediate posttransplant hyperglycemia and new onset diabetes after renal transplantation (NODAT). It also aims at answering whether posttransplant hyperglycemia per se is a risk factor for future development of NODAT. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted among patients undergoing kidney transplantation under a single surgical unit in a tertiary care hospital in the past 5 years. All known patients with diabetes were excluded from the study...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Rose Gabert, Marie Ng, Ruchi Sogarwal, Miranda Bryant, R V Deepu, Claire R McNellan, Sunil Mehra, Bryan Phillips, Marissa Reitsma, Blake Thomson, Shelley Wilson, Alexandra Wollum, Emmanuela Gakidou, Herbert C Duber
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent the largest, and fastest growing, burden of disease in India. This study aimed to quantify levels of diagnosis, treatment, and control among hypertensive and diabetic patients, and to describe demand- and supply-side barriers to hypertension and diabetes diagnosis and care in two Indian districts, Shimla and Udaipur. METHODS: We conducted household and health facility surveys, as well as qualitative focus group discussions and interviews...
December 27, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
X Y Ren, C Wang, X Liu, H Li, J H Gao, X J Ge
Objectives: To establish SD rat model with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and concomitant chronic periodontitis (CP) and to evaluate the influence of periodontitis on the vascular lesions of type 2 diabetes rats. Methods: Totally 241 clean level SD rats were randomly divided into four groups, group A (normal control, NC, n=27), group B (DM, n=34), group C (CP, n=90) and group D (DM+CP, n=90). The rats of DM group were fed with high-fat and high-sugar diet for 8 to 10 weeks, and then were multiply injected with small dose streptozotocin under the condition of ice bath...
December 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Hosein Habibzadeh, Akbar Sofiani, Leyla Alilu, Mark Gillespie
Objectives: We sought to determine the effect of group discussion-based education on the self-management capability of patients with type 2 diabetes in Iran. Methods: This randomized control trial was conducted on 90 patients with type 2 diabetes. Participants were allocated randomly into one of two groups; intervention and control. The intervention group received the group discussion-based education while the control group received routine care only. The Lin's self-management questionnaire was completed at baseline and three months post-intervention...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
Sivakumar Sivasubramaniam, Banupriya Kumarasamy
Introduction: In essential hypertension, the comorbidity of dyslipidemia is very common. In addition to hypertension, dyslipidemia is linked to cardiovascular disease, stroke and decline in renal function. Unlike other angiotensin receptor blockers, Losartan has been claimed to have unique pleiotropic property and thereby decreasing the risk of future cardiovascular complications. Aim: The present study was done to assess on the pleiotropic effect of losartan in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients with dyslipidemia...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Monica S Lanning, David Carmody, Łukasz Szczerbiński, Lisa R Letourneau, Rochelle N Naylor, Siri Atma W Greeley
BACKGROUND: Neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) caused by mutations in KCNJ11 can be successfully treated with high dose oral sulfonylureas; however, little data is available on the risk of hypoglycemia. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, severity, and clinical significance of hypoglycemia in KCNJ11-related NDM. METHODS: Utilizing the University of Chicago Monogenic Diabetes Registry, parents completed an online questionnaire addressing hypoglycemia...
December 5, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
Catherine King, Lorraine Harper
Purpose of review With established immunosuppressant treatment regimens for anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody-associated vasculitides (AAV), prognosis has significantly improved. The mainstay of treatment still comprises high-dose corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide for severe forms, although rituximab is being increasingly utilised instead of cyclophosphamide as induction therapy. AAV patients experience an excess of infections, malignancies and cardiovascular events as compared to the general population, which is a combination of the systemic inflammatory process associated with vasculitis and the adverse events from treatment...
2017: Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology
Priya Patel, Cheryl F Rosen, Vinod Chandran, Yang Justine Ye, Dafna D Gladman
Psoriasis and PsA are associated with comorbidities including cardiovascular disease, obesity, metabolic syndrome and depression. The purpose of this study was to examine if patients recognize that they are being monitored for comorbidities associated with their condition, and to determine which physicians are managing these comorbidities. Patients with psoriasis without arthritis (PsC) and patients with PsA were recruited from the University of Toronto Psoriasis Cohort and Psoriatic Arthritis Clinic, respectively...
February 2018: Rheumatology International
Xiao-Jun Cai, Lei Wang, Chun-Mei Hu
The present study was conducted with the aim being to investigate the effect γ-aminobutyric acid type B (GABAB) receptor activation have on spatial cognitive function and hippocampal neurones found in the rat models of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). T2DM rat models were then established, randomized, and subsequently assigned into normal control (NC), T2DM, T2DM + chemical grade propylene (CGP), T2DM + baclofen, and T2DM + CGP + baclofen groups. T2DM rats' weight and blood sugar concentrations were monitored...
February 28, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Petya Angelova, Zdravko Kamenov, Adelina Tsakova, Yosif El-Darawish, Haruki Okamura
OBJECTIVE: Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is an adipokine associated with obesity. Data about the relationship of IL-18 to the metabolic syndrome (MS) are still scarce. Low testosterone (T) levels are common in men with MS, but we did not find data about the levels of IL-18 in men with low T. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of IL-18 in men with MS with or without low T. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 251 men were included in the study. Of them 218 had MS (IDF 2005) and they were divided according to their morning total testosterone (TT) level (cutoff 10...
November 23, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"