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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409198/-safe-treatment-of-acute-hyperkalemia-the-1-4-and-other-principles
#1
REVIEW
P Groene, G Hoffmann
Acute hyperkalemia is a dangerous electrolyte disorder, which must be treated immediately. It can lead to cardiac arrhythmia and death due to alterations in cell membrane potentials. The resulting alterations in the electrocardiogram (ECG) are multifarious and need to be rapidly recognized. Treatment consists of various stages. In addition to membrane stabilization, which is always necessary, potassium must be displaced into the intracellular space and then eliminated from the body. A commonly applied method for displacement of potassium into the intracellular space involves the administration of insulin-glucose mixtures, which is associated with many complications...
April 13, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393780/does-sleep-quality-affects-the-immediate-clinical-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-clinico-biochemical-correlation
#2
Minati Choudhury, Anushree Gupta, Milind P Hote, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Sandeep Khanna, M V Kalaivani, Usha Kiran
OBJECTIVE: Poor sleep quality is emerging as high prevalence among the patients suffering from cardiometabolic disturbances. The vascular polypeptide endothelin 1 (ET-1) is involved in many of the health disorders. However, its potential involvement in patients having poor sleep quality along with cardiovascular problem is limited. The present study was formulated to conduct a prospective analysis of the relationship between ET-1 and in hospital outcome in sleep disorder patients undergoing routine coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351404/longitudinal-10-year-changes-in-dietary-intake-and-associations-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-the-northern-sweden-health-and-disease-study
#3
Anna Winkvist, Sofia Klingberg, Lena Maria Nilsson, Maria Wennberg, Frida Renström, Göran Hallmans, Kurt Boman, Ingegerd Johansson
BACKGROUND: Dietary risks today constitute the largest proportion of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) globally and in Sweden. An increasing number of people today consume highly processed foods high in saturated fat, refined sugar and salt and low in dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals. It is important that dietary trends over time are monitored to predict changes in disease risk. METHODS: In total, 15,995 individuals with two visits 10 (±1) years apart in the population-based Västerbotten Intervention Programme 1996-2014 were included...
March 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325823/video-conferences-preceded-by-uploading-of-measurements-as-add-on-to-standard-care-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-not-responding-to-standard-regimens-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Caroline Raun Hansen, Hans Perrild, Birgitte Gade Koefoed, Mette Zander
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether video consultations preceded by measurements of blood glucose, weight and blood pressure as add-on to standard care could contribute to achieving and maintaining good diabetes control among patients with poorly regulated type 2 diabetes (T2D). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: 165 patients with T2D were randomized 1:1 to telemedicine intervention as add-on to clinic based care or control (clinic based care)...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249783/diet-driven-microbiota-dysbiosis-is-associated-with-vagal-remodeling-and-obesity
#5
Tanusree Sen, Carolina R Cawthon, Benjamin Thomas Ihde, Andras Hajnal, Patricia M DiLorenzo, Claire B de La Serre, Krzysztof Czaja
Obesity is one of the major health issues in the United States. Consumption of diets rich in energy, notably from fats and sugars (high-fat/high-sugar diet: HF/HSD) is linked to the development of obesity and a popular dietary approach for weight loss is to reduce fat intake. Obesity research traditionally uses low and high fat diets and there has been limited investigation of the potential detrimental effects of a low-fat/high-sugar diet (LF/HSD) on body fat accumulation and health. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the effects of HF/HSD and LF/HSD on microbiota composition, gut inflammation, gut-brain vagal communication and body fat accumulation...
May 1, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186014/diabetes-mhealth-apps-designing-for-greater-uptake
#6
Ronak Brahmbhatt, Shadi Niakan, Nishita Saha, Anukriti Tewari, Ashfiya Pirani, Natasha Keshavjee, Dora Mugambi, Nasrin Alavi, Karim Keshavjee
mHealth apps are not being used. Over 45,000 mhealth apps are languishing in mobile app stores. We evaluated over 200 diabetes mobile apps found in the Apple and Google app stores using a framework that we recently published. None of the apps met all 15 criteria identified by our framework. The largest number of apps fell into the category of Type 1 diabetes blood sugar and medication trackers. Other types of apps included educational apps such as recipe apps, guideline dissemination apps, simple diabetes education apps, etc...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150260/-a-study-on-self-care-behaviors-and-related-factors-in-diabetes-patients
#7
Chiao-Hsin Huang, Pi-Chu Lin, Mei Chang Yeh, Pi-Hsia Lee
BACKGROUND: The self-care behaviors of patients with diabetes represent the most important part of diabetic healthcare. However, few studies have investigated the self-care behaviors of diabetes patients in the context of diabetes shared care networks. PURPOSE: The present study applied a health belief model to determine the self-care behaviors of diabetes patients and the related factors affecting those behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional approach and convenience sampling were employed...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141640/successful-treatment-of-infantile-hemangiomas-with-propranolol-in-low-birth-weight-infants
#8
Makiko Kado, Azusa Shimizu, Takashi Matsumura, Mariko Mochizuki, Hiroshi Mizuno, Ayato Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma (IH) is a benign neoplasm that causes scarring and cosmetic problems after spontaneous regression. Therefore, aggressive treatments such as laser irradiation and corticosteroid have been used; however, recently, the effect of propranolol has been widely noticed. In this study, the authors applied propranolol to low-birth-weight infants with IHs and evaluated its effect. METHODS: Four low-birth-weight infants having IH were selected, with birth weights ranging from 582 to 814 g (average 703 g)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118672/antidiabetic-activity-of-extract-and-compounds-from-an-endophytic-fungus-nigrospora-oryzae
#9
Philip F Uzor, Patience O Osadebe, Ngozi J Nwodo
The fungal extract as well as the 3 biosynthetic compounds, (S)-(+)-2-cis-4-trans-abscisic acid (1), , 7'-hydroxy-abscisic acid (2) and 4-des-hydroxyl altersolanol A (3) from the endophytic fungus, Nigrospora oryzae, isolated from Combretum dolichopetalum leaf were investigated for their antidiabetic potential.The antidiabetic activity was determined in alloxan-induced diabetic mice by monitoring their fasting blood sugar for 9 h.The extract and the compounds (1-3) significantly (p<0.001) reduced the fasting blood sugar of the diabetic mice...
January 24, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057505/prevalence-of-thyroid-dysfunction-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#10
M V Jali, Sanjay Kambar, Sujata M Jali, Nandita Pawar, Prachi Nalawade
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of Thyroid dysfunction among Type 2 Diabetes mellitus. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional hospital-based study is conducted to find out the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction. 713 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects were enrolled in the survey. These subjects were investigated for fasting blood sugar (FBS), glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), total triiodothyronine (T3), total thyroxine (T4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)...
December 19, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045992/self-care-practices-among-diabetes-patients-in-addis-ababa-a-qualitative-study
#11
Dagmawit Tewahido, Yemane Berhane
BACKGROUND: Self-care practices that include self-monitoring of blood sugar level, diet management, physical exercise, adherence to medications, and foot care are the cornerstones of diabetes management. However, very little is known about self-care in developing countries where the prevalence of diabetes is increasing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe self-care practices among individuals with type II diabetes in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative method was used to gather data from type II diabetes patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042821/integration-of-curved-d-type-optical-fiber-sensor-with-microfluidic-chip
#12
Yung-Shin Sun, Chang-Jyun Li, Jin-Cherng Hsu
A curved D-type optical fiber sensor (OFS) combined with a microfluidic chip is proposed. This OFS, based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the Kretchmann's configuration, is applied as a biosensor to measure the concentrations of different bio-liquids such as ethanol, methanol, and glucose solutions. The SPR phenomenon is attained by using the optical fiber to guide the light source to reach the side-polished, gold-coated region. Integrating this OFS with a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)-based microfluidic chip, the SPR spectra for liquids with different refractive indices are recorded...
December 30, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026897/pregnancy-outcome-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-using-a-structured-model-of-care-wings-project-wings-10
#13
Ram Uma, Balaji Bhavadharini, Harish Ranjani, Manni Mohanraj Mahalakshmi, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Arivudainambi Kayal, Belma Malanda, Anne Belton, Viswanathan Mohan
AIM: To evaluate the impact of a structured model of care (MOC) prepared for resource-constrained settings, on the pregnancy outcomes of Asian Indian women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Pregnant women were screened under the Women in India with GDM Strategy (WINGS) MOC for GDM using the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria. Women with GDM went through a structured MOC that included medical nutrition therapy (MNT), regular physical activity (PA); and insulin when indicated...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000468/a-randomized-control-trial-for-reduction-of-caloric-and-non-caloric-sweetened-beverages-in-young-adults-effects-in-weight-body-composition-and-blood-pressure
#14
Marisela Vázquez-Durán, Arturo Orea-Tejeda, Lilia Castillo-Martínez, Ángeles Cano-García, Laura Téllez-Olvera, Candace Keirns-Davis
INTRODUCTION: Recently has been documented that the consumption of sweetened non-caloric beverages has increased as an option to weight control, however randomized control trials have demonstrated a modest weight loss. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of reducing consumption of beverage with caloric and non-caloric sweeteners on weight, body composition and blood pressure in young Mexican adults. METHODS: In an experimental study 148 nursing students were randomly assigned to one of 3 groups: 1) no sweetened beverages were permitted, only plain water, tea or coffee without sugar; 2) consumption of beverages with non-caloric sweeteners was allowed; and 3) no restriction of sweetened beverages was imposed...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960015/-corticosteroid-induced-diabetes-mellitus-diagnosis-and-management
#15
Alberto De Micheli
Steroid diabetes occurs in 20% (range 10-60%) of the persons treated with corticosteroid drugs. Steroid diabetes diagnosis often is omitted or late because the diagnostic sensitivity of fasting blood sugar is low, so the postprandial blood glucose must be monitored and the diagnosis should be made clinically, based on 2 hours after lunch blood glucose or OGTT. Steroid diabetes causes increased hospitalizations for acute diabetic complications; there are few data on the chronic complications. Steroid therapy increases the macrovascular complications in diabetic people, while globally does not increase the mortality...
2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956143/transdermal-reverse-iontophoresis-a-novel-technique-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring
#16
REVIEW
Tapan Kumar Giri, Subhasis Chakrabarty, Bijaya Ghosh
Application of transdermal reverse iontophoresis for diagnostic purpose is a relatively new concept but its short span of research is full of ups and downs. In early nineties, when the idea was floated, it received a dubious welcome by the scientific community. Yet to the disbelief of many, 2001 saw the launching of GlucoWatch® G2 Biographer, the first device that could measure the blood sugar level noninvasively. Unfortunately, the device failed to match the expectation and was withdrawn in 2007. However, the concept stayed on...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917198/diabetes-mellitus-among-tuberculosis-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-from-pakistan
#17
Zarfishan Tahir, Mansur-Ud-Din Ahmad, Abdul Majeed Akhtar, Tahir Yaqub, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq, Hasnain Javed
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and tuberculosis (TB) is largely associated with high frequency of morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of DM among TB patients and describe the socio-demographic and behavioral factors associated with TB-DM co-occurrence. METHODS: We enrolled 500 TB patients from September, 2014 to August 2015 at four major public sector hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. A questionnaire was used to collect information regarding associated socio-demographic and behavioral factors of the patients...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891351/evaluation-of-effect-of-nishamalaki-on-stz-and-hfhf-diet-induced-diabetic-neuropathy-in-wistar-rats
#18
Jayshree Shriram Dawane, Vijaya Anil Pandit, Madhura Shirish Kumar Bhosale, Pallawi Shashank Khatavkar
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic neuropathy is one of the most common complications affecting 50% of diabetic patients. Neuropathic pain is the most difficult types of pain to treat. There is no specific treatment for neuropathy. Nishamalaki (NA), combination of Curcuma longa and Emblica officinalis used to treat Diabetes Mellitus (DM). So, efforts were made to test whether NA is useful in prevention of diabetic neuropathy. AIM: To evaluate the effect of NA on diabetic neuropathy in type 2 diabetic wistar rats...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882107/effects-of-sitagliptin-as-initial-therapy-in-newly-diagnosed-elderly-type-2-diabetics-a-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Xiaoyan Xiao, Xiaopei Cui, Jianbo Zhang, Zhenxia Han, Yu Xiao, Nan Chen, Baoying Li, Mei Cheng, Haiqing Gao, Kuanxiao Tang
The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of blood glycemic excursion, incretins and pancreatic hormone secretion in elderly people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to study the effects of sitagliptin on glycemic excursion in these subjects. A total of 129 newly diagnosed T2DM patients were enrolled in the study from March 2012 to August 2013. Clinical data, serum incretin, pancreatic hormone and continuous glucose monitoring data were collected. Among these subjects, elderly patients (NEDM) randomly received metformin combined with sitagliptin phosphate or glimepiride for 24 weeks...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872709/the-effect-of-sugar-cane-molasses-on-the-immune-and-male-reproductive-systems-using-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-methods
#20
Farzana Rahiman, Edmund John Pool
OBJECTIVES: Sugar cane molasses is a commonly used ingredient in several food products. Contrasting reports suggest that molasses may have potential adverse or beneficial effects on human health. However, little evidence exists that examines the effects of molasses on the different physiological systems. This study investigated the effects of sugar cane molasses on various physiological systems using in vivo and in vitro methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Molasses was administered orally to BALB/c, male mice and animals were randomly assigned into either a treatment or control group...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
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