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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325823/video-conferences-preceded-by-uploading-of-measurements-as-add-on-to-standard-care-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-not-responding-to-standard-regimens-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Caroline Raun Hansen, Hans Perrild, Birgitte Gade Koefoed, Mette Zander
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether video consultations preceded by measurements of blood glucose, weight and blood pressure as add-on to standard care could contribute to achieving and maintaining good diabetes control among patients with poorly regulated type 2 diabetes (T2D). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: 165 patients with T2D were randomized 1:1 to telemedicine intervention as add-on to clinic based care or control (clinic based care)...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249783/diet-driven-microbiota-dysbiosis-is-associated-with-vagal-remodeling-and-obesity
#2
Tanusree Sen, Carolina R Cawthon, Benjamin Thomas Ihde, Andras Hajnal, Patricia M DiLorenzo, Claire B de La Serre, Krzysztof Czaja
Obesity is one of the major health issues in the United States. Consumption of diets rich in energy, notably from fats and sugars (high-fat/high-sugar diet: HF/HSD) is linked to the development of obesity and a popular dietary approach for weight loss is to reduce fat intake. Obesity research traditionally uses low and high fat diets and there has been limited investigation of the potential detrimental effects of a low-fat/high-sugar diet (LF/HSD) on body fat accumulation and health. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the effects of HF/HSD and LF/HSD on microbiota composition, gut inflammation, gut-brain vagal communication and body fat accumulation...
February 26, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186014/diabetes-mhealth-apps-designing-for-greater-uptake
#3
Ronak Brahmbhatt, Shadi Niakan, Nishita Saha, Anukriti Tewari, Ashfiya Pirani, Natasha Keshavjee, Dora Mugambi, Nasrin Alavi, Karim Keshavjee
mHealth apps are not being used. Over 45,000 mhealth apps are languishing in mobile app stores. We evaluated over 200 diabetes mobile apps found in the Apple and Google app stores using a framework that we recently published. None of the apps met all 15 criteria identified by our framework. The largest number of apps fell into the category of Type 1 diabetes blood sugar and medication trackers. Other types of apps included educational apps such as recipe apps, guideline dissemination apps, simple diabetes education apps, etc...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150260/-a-study-on-self-care-behaviors-and-related-factors-in-diabetes-patients
#4
Chiao-Hsin Huang, Pi-Chu Lin, Mei Chang Yeh, Pi-Hsia Lee
BACKGROUND: The self-care behaviors of patients with diabetes represent the most important part of diabetic healthcare. However, few studies have investigated the self-care behaviors of diabetes patients in the context of diabetes shared care networks. PURPOSE: The present study applied a health belief model to determine the self-care behaviors of diabetes patients and the related factors affecting those behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional approach and convenience sampling were employed...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141640/successful-treatment-of-infantile-hemangiomas-with-propranolol-in-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
Makiko Kado, Azusa Shimizu, Takashi Matsumura, Mariko Mochizuki, Hiroshi Mizuno, Ayato Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma (IH) is a benign neoplasm that causes scarring and cosmetic problems after spontaneous regression. Therefore, aggressive treatments such as laser irradiation and corticosteroid have been used; however, recently, the effect of propranolol has been widely noticed. In this study, the authors applied propranolol to low-birth-weight infants with IHs and evaluated its effect. METHODS: Four low-birth-weight infants having IH were selected, with birth weights ranging from 582 to 814 g (average 703 g)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118672/antidiabetic-activity-of-extract-and-compounds-from-an-endophytic-fungus-nigrospora-oryzae
#6
Philip F Uzor, Patience O Osadebe, Ngozi J Nwodo
The fungal extract as well as the 3 biosynthetic compounds, (S)-(+)-2-cis-4-trans-abscisic acid (1), , 7'-hydroxy-abscisic acid (2) and 4-des-hydroxyl altersolanol A (3) from the endophytic fungus, Nigrospora oryzae, isolated from Combretum dolichopetalum leaf were investigated for their antidiabetic potential.The antidiabetic activity was determined in alloxan-induced diabetic mice by monitoring their fasting blood sugar for 9 h.The extract and the compounds (1-3) significantly (p<0.001) reduced the fasting blood sugar of the diabetic mice...
January 24, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057505/prevalence-of-thyroid-dysfunction-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#7
M V Jali, Sanjay Kambar, Sujata M Jali, Nandita Pawar, Prachi Nalawade
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of Thyroid dysfunction among Type 2 Diabetes mellitus. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional hospital-based study is conducted to find out the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction. 713 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects were enrolled in the survey. These subjects were investigated for fasting blood sugar (FBS), glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), total triiodothyronine (T3), total thyroxine (T4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)...
December 19, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045992/self-care-practices-among-diabetes-patients-in-addis-ababa-a-qualitative-study
#8
Dagmawit Tewahido, Yemane Berhane
BACKGROUND: Self-care practices that include self-monitoring of blood sugar level, diet management, physical exercise, adherence to medications, and foot care are the cornerstones of diabetes management. However, very little is known about self-care in developing countries where the prevalence of diabetes is increasing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe self-care practices among individuals with type II diabetes in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative method was used to gather data from type II diabetes patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042821/integration-of-curved-d-type-optical-fiber-sensor-with-microfluidic-chip
#9
Yung-Shin Sun, Chang-Jyun Li, Jin-Cherng Hsu
A curved D-type optical fiber sensor (OFS) combined with a microfluidic chip is proposed. This OFS, based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the Kretchmann's configuration, is applied as a biosensor to measure the concentrations of different bio-liquids such as ethanol, methanol, and glucose solutions. The SPR phenomenon is attained by using the optical fiber to guide the light source to reach the side-polished, gold-coated region. Integrating this OFS with a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)-based microfluidic chip, the SPR spectra for liquids with different refractive indices are recorded...
December 30, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026897/pregnancy-outcome-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-using-a-structured-model-of-care-wings-project-wings-10
#10
Ram Uma, Balaji Bhavadharini, Harish Ranjani, Manni Mohanraj Mahalakshmi, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Arivudainambi Kayal, Belma Malanda, Anne Belton, Viswanathan Mohan
AIM: To evaluate the impact of a structured model of care (MOC) prepared for resource-constrained settings, on the pregnancy outcomes of Asian Indian women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Pregnant women were screened under the Women in India with GDM Strategy (WINGS) MOC for GDM using the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria. Women with GDM went through a structured MOC that included medical nutrition therapy (MNT), regular physical activity (PA); and insulin when indicated...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000468/a-randomized-control-trial-for-reduction-of-caloric-and-non-caloric-sweetened-beverages-in-young-adults-effects-in-weight-body-composition-and-blood-pressure
#11
Marisela Vázquez-Durán, Arturo Orea-Tejeda, Lilia Castillo-Martínez, Ángeles Cano-García, Laura Téllez-Olvera, Candace Keirns-Davis
INTRODUCTION: Recently has been documented that the consumption of sweetened non-caloric beverages has increased as an option to weight control, however randomized control trials have demonstrated a modest weight loss. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of reducing consumption of beverage with caloric and non-caloric sweeteners on weight, body composition and blood pressure in young Mexican adults. METHODS: In an experimental study 148 nursing students were randomly assigned to one of 3 groups: 1) no sweetened beverages were permitted, only plain water, tea or coffee without sugar; 2) consumption of beverages with non-caloric sweeteners was allowed; and 3) no restriction of sweetened beverages was imposed...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960015/-corticosteroid-induced-diabetes-mellitus-diagnosis-and-management
#12
Alberto De Micheli
Steroid diabetes occurs in 20% (range 10-60%) of the persons treated with corticosteroid drugs. Steroid diabetes diagnosis often is omitted or late because the diagnostic sensitivity of fasting blood sugar is low, so the postprandial blood glucose must be monitored and the diagnosis should be made clinically, based on 2 hours after lunch blood glucose or OGTT. Steroid diabetes causes increased hospitalizations for acute diabetic complications; there are few data on the chronic complications. Steroid therapy increases the macrovascular complications in diabetic people, while globally does not increase the mortality...
2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956143/transdermal-reverse-iontophoresis-a-novel-technique-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring
#13
REVIEW
Tapan Kumar Giri, Subhasis Chakrabarty, Bijaya Ghosh
Application of transdermal reverse iontophoresis for diagnostic purpose is a relatively new concept but its short span of research is full of ups and downs. In early nineties, when the idea was floated, it received a dubious welcome by the scientific community. Yet to the disbelief of many, 2001 saw the launching of GlucoWatch® G2 Biographer, the first device that could measure the blood sugar level noninvasively. Unfortunately, the device failed to match the expectation and was withdrawn in 2007. However, the concept stayed on...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917198/diabetes-mellitus-among-tuberculosis-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-from-pakistan
#14
Zarfishan Tahir, Mansur-Ud-Din Ahmad, Abdul Majeed Akhtar, Tahir Yaqub, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq, Hasnain Javed
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and tuberculosis (TB) is largely associated with high frequency of morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of DM among TB patients and describe the socio-demographic and behavioral factors associated with TB-DM co-occurrence. METHODS: We enrolled 500 TB patients from September, 2014 to August 2015 at four major public sector hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. A questionnaire was used to collect information regarding associated socio-demographic and behavioral factors of the patients...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891351/evaluation-of-effect-of-nishamalaki-on-stz-and-hfhf-diet-induced-diabetic-neuropathy-in-wistar-rats
#15
Jayshree Shriram Dawane, Vijaya Anil Pandit, Madhura Shirish Kumar Bhosale, Pallawi Shashank Khatavkar
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic neuropathy is one of the most common complications affecting 50% of diabetic patients. Neuropathic pain is the most difficult types of pain to treat. There is no specific treatment for neuropathy. Nishamalaki (NA), combination of Curcuma longa and Emblica officinalis used to treat Diabetes Mellitus (DM). So, efforts were made to test whether NA is useful in prevention of diabetic neuropathy. AIM: To evaluate the effect of NA on diabetic neuropathy in type 2 diabetic wistar rats...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882107/effects-of-sitagliptin-as-initial-therapy-in-newly-diagnosed-elderly-type-2-diabetics-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Xiaoyan Xiao, Xiaopei Cui, Jianbo Zhang, Zhenxia Han, Yu Xiao, Nan Chen, Baoying Li, Mei Cheng, Haiqing Gao, Kuanxiao Tang
The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of blood glycemic excursion, incretins and pancreatic hormone secretion in elderly people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to study the effects of sitagliptin on glycemic excursion in these subjects. A total of 129 newly diagnosed T2DM patients were enrolled in the study from March 2012 to August 2013. Clinical data, serum incretin, pancreatic hormone and continuous glucose monitoring data were collected. Among these subjects, elderly patients (NEDM) randomly received metformin combined with sitagliptin phosphate or glimepiride for 24 weeks...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872709/the-effect-of-sugar-cane-molasses-on-the-immune-and-male-reproductive-systems-using-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-methods
#17
Farzana Rahiman, Edmund John Pool
OBJECTIVES: Sugar cane molasses is a commonly used ingredient in several food products. Contrasting reports suggest that molasses may have potential adverse or beneficial effects on human health. However, little evidence exists that examines the effects of molasses on the different physiological systems. This study investigated the effects of sugar cane molasses on various physiological systems using in vivo and in vitro methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Molasses was administered orally to BALB/c, male mice and animals were randomly assigned into either a treatment or control group...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859863/the-influence-of-very-small-doses-of-alpha-radiation-on-the-stability-of-erythrocytes
#18
Magdalena Kaczmarska, Dominika Żydek, Justyna Wilkłacz-Potoczny, Maria Fornal, Tomasz Grodzicki, Elżbieta Kochowska, Krzysztof Kozak, Łukasz Gocal, Władysław Pohorecki, Krzysztof Matlak, Józef Korecki, Květoslava Burda
Our aim was to study the influence of low doses (0.2-4 μGy) of α radiation on the stability of human erythrocytes isolated from healthy and diabetic erythrocytes. Absorption spectroscopy was used to measure the level of red blood cell (RBC) hemolysis, along with Mössbauer spectroscopy, which is a highly specific method suited to monitoring various hemoglobin forms. States of hemoglobin are sensitive to a homeostatic imbalance in red blood cells. Changes in the membrane skeleton organization of irradiated erythrocytes isolated from healthy donors were studied using atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
January 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855237/insulin-autoimmune-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-postprandial-hypoglycemia
#19
Pooja Sahni, Nitin Trivedi, Abdulkadir Omer
A 65-year-old obese Caucasian woman presented with symptomatic postprandial hypoglycemic episodes, resolution of symptoms with carbohydrate intake and significantly elevated anti-insulin antibody levels. She did not have any evidence for the use of oral antidiabetic medications, insulin, herbal substances, performing strenuous exercise or history of bariatric surgery. Fingerstick blood glucose readings revealed blood sugar of 35 mg/dL and 48 mg/dL, when she had these symptoms. Her medical history was significant for morbid obesity, hypothyroidism and gastro esophageal reflux disease...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825406/relationships-of-blood-pressure-circadian-rhythm-and-brain-br-natriuretic-peptide-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-br-the-patients-with-primary-hypertension
#20
Hui-Juan Kou, Xin Wang, Deng-Feng Gao, Xin Dong, Jin Wei, Rui Ma
Objective To investigate the relationships of blood pressure circadian rhythm and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with primary hypertension. Methods Totally 349 patients (74 with LVH and 275 without LVH) with primary hypertension were enrolled in this study.Echocardiography was performed to determine left ventricular mass index (LVMI) using the Devereux formula. The nocturnal blood pressure decline rate,24-hour blood pressure (24 h PP; especially 24 h mean systolic blood pressure,24 h SBP) and blood pressure index (PPI) were determined by 24 h-ambulatory blood pressure monitoring...
October 10, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
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