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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460794/definitions-of-hunger-and-fullness-among-youth-enrolled-in-a-pediatric-weight-management-program
#1
Heather Bernstein, Melissa Santos
The development and maintenance of obesity is multifactorial and involves the interplay of environmental, cultural, social, and biological influences. The purpose of the current paper was to describe hunger and fullness in a sample of pediatric patients seeking treatment for obesity. The goals of this study were to gain information about how youth with obesity describe their experience of being hungry and full and to explore common themes within these descriptions. Twenty-five patients entering a Stage 3 pediatric obesity program responded to the open-ended questions: "how do you know when you are hungry" and "how do you know when you are full?" The results found that the majority of youth used physical cues as a way to identify hunger and fullness cues...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441182/pediatric-cardiac-anamnesis-prevention-of-additional-diagnostic-tests
#2
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Zijo Begic, Nabil Naser, Edin Begic
Pediatrics is defined as the science of a healthy and sick child from birth to end of adolescence. Diseases of the cardiovascular system are the leading causes of mortality in adults, with frequent onset in childhood. The cardiologic examination starts with anamnesis in a pleasant atmosphere, refined space, enough time and patience, detailed measurements, and preferably a noncrying child. Anamnesis, regardless of the development of diagnostic procedures, still constitutes the basis of every clinical examination...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435337/sick-at-work-prevalence-and-determinants-among-healthcare-workers-western-ethiopia-an-institution-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Tesfaye Hambisa Mekonnen, Mekuriaw Alemayewu Tefera, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
Background: Going to work despite feeling sick also known as sickness presenteeism is one of the emerging global occupational health challenges. Sickness presenteeism negatively affects both health of work forces and productivity of organizations in general. However, there is insufficient research exploring this situation in majority of the Sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Thus this study intended to investigate the prevalence and determinant factors of sickness presenteeism among health care workers, Western Ethiopia...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424447/behavioural-intervention-to-reduce-resistance-in-those-attending-adult-day-care-centers-procendias-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Emiliano Rodriguez-Sánchez, Olaya Tamayo-Morales, Jesús González-Sanchez, Sara Mora-Simón, Andrés Losada-Baltar, Jaime Unzueta-Arce, María C Patino-Alonso, Elena De Dios-Rodríguez, Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, Luis García-Ortiz
AIM: This study evaluates the effectiveness of a behavioural intervention program aimed at reducing the reluctance of dependent people to attend Adult Day Care Centres. We hope that reducing resistance will have a positive influence on the mental health of caregivers. BACKGROUND: Care centres offer important relief and rest services for family caregivers. Some caregivers report being affected by behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia when they prepare dependents for the Care Centres, especially when these have dementia...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371281/motives-for-sickness-presence-among-students-at-secondary-school-a-cross-sectional-study-in-five-european-countries
#5
Vegard Johansen
OBJECTIVES: This article investigates various motives for sickness presence (SP) among students in secondary school. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: 25 secondary schools in Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Italy and Latvia. PARTICIPANTS: 5002 students between 16 and 19 years of age, 49% female. RESULTS: Almost half of the students reported two or more incidents of SP. The study indicated that the practice of SP was mainly extrinsically motivated...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334920/factors-influencing-access-of-pregnant-women-and-their-infants-to-their-local-healthcare-system-a-prospective-multi-centre-observational-study
#6
Shabir A Madhi, Luis M Rivera, Xavier Sáez-Llorens, Clara Menéndez, Nazira Carrim-Ganey, Mark F Cotton, Darren Katzman, Mariëtha M Luttig, Rosalba Candelario, Sherryl Baker, Mahua Roychoudhury
BACKGROUND: The successful implementation of maternal vaccination relies on results of clinical trials, considering the prenatal and postnatal attendance at selected healthcare institutions. This study evaluated factors influencing maternal/infant access to healthcare facilities to identify potential barriers to participation in future clinical trials on maternal vaccination. METHODS: In this prospective, multi-centre, observational study, pregnant women (N = 3243) were enrolled at ten sites across Panama, the Dominican Republic, South Africa, and Mozambique between 2012 and 2014...
January 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310609/self-medication-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-at-makongoro-health-centre-in-mwanza-tanzania-a-challenge-to-health-systems
#7
Karol J Marwa, Agnes Njalika, Deodatus Ruganuza, Deogratias Katabalo, Erasmus Kamugisha
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is a universal challenge that requires attention because of the potential threat not only to the pregnant women but also to unborn child. Data on self-medication practice and predictors among pregnant women is lacking in Tanzania. Information on the effects of this practice to the pregnant woman and the foetus globally is also scanty. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study which was conducted using face to face interview with 372 pregnant women at Makongoro health centre...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281188/health-care-worker-decompression-sickness-incidence-risk-and-mitigation
#8
Richard Clarke
Inadvertent exposure to radiation, chemical agents and biological factors are well recognized hazards associated with the health care delivery system. Less well appreciated yet no less harmful is risk of decompression sickness in those who accompany patients as inside attendants (IAs) during provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Unlike the above hazards where avoidance is practiced, IA exposure to decompression sickness risk is unavoidable. While overall incidence is low, when calculated as number of cases over number of exposures or potential for a case during any given exposure, employee cumulative risk, defined here as number of cases over number of IAs, or risk that an IA may suffer a case, is not...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280065/workers-not-paid-for-sick-leave-after-implementation-of-the-new-york-city-paid-sick-leave-law
#9
Gerod Sharper Hall, Sarah Walters, Christopher Wimer, Amber Levanon Seligson, Matthew Maury, Jane Waldfogel, L Hannah Gould, Sungwoo Lim
This study examined factors associated with being paid for sick leave after implementation of the New York City (NYC) paid sick leave law. A random sample of NYC residents was surveyed by telephone multiple times over a 2-year period. Participants (n = 1195) reported socio-demographics, awareness of the law, income, work hours per week, and payment for sick time off work. In the year after implementation of the law, part-time workers were significantly more likely to attend work while sick than full-time workers (relative risk = 1...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234955/predictors-of-return-to-work-6-months-after-the-end-of-treatment-in-patients-with-common-mental-disorders-a-cohort-study
#10
Mattias Victor, Bjørn Lau, Torleif Ruud
Purpose Common mental disorders (CMDs) account for a large portion of sickness absence. Even after attending return to work (RTW) interventions, many patients with a CMD remain on sick leave. To identify people at risk of long-term work disability, more needs to be known about factors that predict RTW after treatment. Methods This was a prospective cohort study that followed 106 former patients at an RTW outpatient clinic for CMDs for 6 months after the end of treatment. Changes in work participation and mental health status between the end of treatment and the 6-month follow-up were analysed...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198195/a-severe-gastroenteritis-outbreak-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-enteritidis-pt8-with-pfge-profile-xbai-0024-and-mlva-profile-2-9-7-3-2-following-a-christening-reception-greece-2016
#11
G Mandilara, C M Vassalos, A Chrisostomou, K Karadimas, E Mathioudaki, T Georgakopoulou, S Tsiodras, K Mellou
In June 2016, a Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis outbreak (n = 56) occurred after a christening reception in Central Greece, mainly affecting previously healthy adults; one related death caused media attention. Patients suffered from profuse diarrhoea, fever and frequent vomiting episodes requiring prolonged hospitalisation and sick leave from work, with a 54% hospital admission rate. The majority of cases experienced serious illness within <12 h of attending the party. We investigated the outbreak to identify the source(s) of infection and contributing factors to the disease severity...
December 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192369/insurers-influences-on-attending-physicians-of-workers-sick-listed-for-common-mental-disorders-what-are-the-impacts-on-physicians-practices
#12
Chantal Sylvain, Marie-José Durand, Pascale Maillette
Purpose In many jurisdictions, general practitioners (GPs) play an important role in the sick-leave and return-to-work (RTW) process of individuals with common mental disorders (CMD). Since it is insurers that decide on workers' eligibility for disability benefits, they can influence physicians' ability to act. The nature of these influences remains little documented to date. The aim of this study was therefore to describe these influences and their impacts from the GPs' perspective. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with GPs having a diversified clientele (n = 13)...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142473/genetic-associations-with-adverse-events-from-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-therapy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients
#13
Daniel Lew, Soon Man Yoon, Xiaofei Yan, Lori Robbins, Talin Haritunians, Zhenqiu Liu, Dalin Li, Dermot Pb McGovern
AIM: To study the type and frequency of adverse events associated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy and evaluate for any serologic and genetic associations. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of patients attending the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) centers at Cedars-Sinai IBD Center from 2005-2016. Adverse events were identified via chart review. IBD serologies were measured by ELISA. DNA samples were genotyped at Cedars-Sinai using Illumina Infinium Immunochipv1 array per manufacturer's protocol...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131822/impact-of-the-ebola-outbreak-on-trypanosoma-brucei-gambiense-infection-medical-activities-in-coastal-guinea-2014-2015-a-retrospective-analysis-from-the-guinean-national-human-african-trypanosomiasis-control-program
#14
Mariame Camara, Eric Ouattara, Alexandre Duvignaud, René Migliani, Oumou Camara, Mamadou Leno, Philippe Solano, Bruno Bucheton, Mamadou Camara, Denis Malvy
BACKGROUND: The 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak massively hit Guinea. The coastal districts of Boffa, Dubreka and Forecariah, three major foci of Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT), were particularly affected. We aimed to assess the impact of this epidemic on sleeping sickness screening and caring activities. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We used preexisting data from the Guinean sleeping sickness control program, collected between 2012 and 2015. We described monthly: the number of persons (i) screened actively; (ii) or passively; (iii) treated for HAT; (iv) attending post-treatment follow-up visits...
November 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031935/workplace-mental-health-training-for-managers-and-its-effect-on-sick-leave-in-employees-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Josie S Milligan-Saville, Leona Tan, Aimée Gayed, Caryl Barnes, Ira Madan, Mark Dobson, Richard A Bryant, Helen Christensen, Arnstein Mykletun, Samuel B Harvey
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is one of the most rapidly increasing causes of long-term sickness absence, despite improved rates of detection and development of more effective interventions. However, mental health training for managers might help improve occupational outcomes for people with mental health problems. We aimed to investigate the effect of mental health training on managers' knowledge, attitudes, confidence, and behaviour towards employees with mental health problems, and its effect on employee sickness absence...
October 11, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021909/managing-diabetes-at-high-altitude-personal-experience-with-support-from-a-multidisciplinary-physical-activity-and-diabetes-clinic
#16
Gary Malcolm, Sian Rilstone, Sivasujan Sivasubramaniyam, Carol Jairam, Stephen Chew, Nick Oliver, Neil E Hill
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity is important for well-being but can be challenging for people with diabetes. Data informing support of specialist activities such as climbing and high-altitude trekking are limited. A 42-year-old man with type 1 diabetes (duration 30 years) attended a Multidisciplinary Physical Activity and Diabetes Clinic planning to climb Mont Blanc during the summer and trek to Everest Base Camp in the autumn. His aims were to complete these adventures without his diabetes impacting on their success...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944467/olfactory-dysfunction-predicts-subsequent-dementia-in-older-u-s-adults
#17
Dara R Adams, David W Kern, Kristen E Wroblewski, Martha K McClintock, William Dale, Jayant M Pinto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between olfactory dysfunction and subsequent diagnosis of dementia. DESIGN: Longitudinal study of a population representative of U.S. older adults. SETTING: Home interviews (National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project). PARTICIPANTS: Men and women aged 57 to 85 (N = 2,906). MEASUREMENTS: Objective odor identification ability was measured at baseline using a validated five-item test...
September 25, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#18
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893766/barriers-facilitators-and-survival-strategies-for-gps-seeking-treatment-for-distress-a-qualitative-study
#19
Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Clare Gerada, David Kessler, Nick Leggett, Chris Manning, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Ruth Riley
BACKGROUND: GPs are under increasing pressure due to a lack of resources, a diminishing workforce, and rising patient demand. As a result, they may feel stressed, burnt out, anxious, or depressed. AIM: To establish what might help or hinder GPs experiencing mental distress as they consider seeking help for their symptoms, and to explore potential survival strategies. DESIGN AND SETTING: The authors recruited 47 GP participants via e-mails to doctors attending a specialist service, adverts to local medical committees (LMCs) nationally and in GP publications, social media, and snowballing...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887747/reliability-and-validity-of-the-work-and-well-being-inventory-wbi-for-employees
#20
A A Vendrig, F G Schaafsma
Purpose The purpose of this study is to measure the psychometric properties of the Work and Wellbeing Inventory (WBI) (in Dutch: VAR-2), a screening tool that is used within occupational health care and rehabilitation. Our research question focused on the reliability and validity of this inventory. Methods Over the years seven different samples of workers, patients and sick listed workers varying in size between 89 and 912 participants (total: 2514), were used to measure the test-retest reliability, the internal consistency, the construct and concurrent validity, and the criterion and predictive validity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
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