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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261274/assessment-of-antiretroviral-treatment-adherence-among-children-attending-care-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southeastern-nigeria
#1
Cletus Akahara, Emeka Nwolisa, Kelechi Odinaka, Seline Okolo
Background. Adherence is the strongest predictor of successful treatment outcome among children infected with HIV. Our aim was to assess the antiretroviral drugs adherence status of HIV-infected children attending care at a tertiary hospital in Southeastern Nigeria. Method. The study involved a cross-sectional survey of 210 HIV-infected children attending care at a tertiary hospital in Southeastern Nigeria using self-report method of assessment. Optimal ART adherence is defined as patient taking not missing more than 1 dose of combined antiretroviral therapy medication in the preceding 2 weeks prior to the study...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249602/relating-professionalism-and-conscientiousness-to-develop-an-objective-scalar-proxy-measure-of-professionalism-in-anaesthetic-trainees
#2
M A Sawdon, K Whitehouse, G M Finn, J C McLachlan, D Murray
BACKGROUND: The concept of professionalism is complex and subjective and relies on expert judgements. Currently, there are no existing objective measures of professionalism in anaesthesia. However, it is possible that at least some elements of professionalism may be indicated by objective measures. A number of studies have suggested that conscientiousness as a trait is a significant contributor to professionalism. METHODS: A 'Conscientiousness Index' (CI) was developed by collation of routinely collected data from tasks expected to be carried out by anaesthetic trainees such as punctual submission of holiday and 'not-on-call' requests, attendance at audit meetings, timely submission of completed appraisal documentation and sickness/absence notifications...
March 1, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241032/utilization-of-health-services-in-a-resource-limited-rural-area-in-kenya-prevalence-and-associated-household-level-factors
#3
Anthony K Ngugi, Felix Agoi, Megan R Mahoney, Amyn Lakhani, David Mang'ong'o, Esther Nderitu, Robert Armstrong, Sarah Macfarlane
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Knowledge of utilization of health services and associated factors is important in planning and delivery of interventions to improve health services coverage. We determined the prevalence and factors associated with health services utilization in a rural area of Kenya. Our findings inform the local health management in development of appropriately targeted interventions. We used a cluster sample survey design and interviewed household key informants on history of illness for household members and health services utilization in the preceding month...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129344/high-adherence-to-iron-folic-acid-supplementation-during-pregnancy-time-among-antenatal-and-postnatal-care-attendant-mothers-in-governmental-health-centers-in-akaki-kality-sub-city-addis-ababa-ethiopia-hierarchical-negative-binomial-poisson-regression
#4
Bisratemariam Gebreamlak, Abel Fekadu Dadi, Azeb Atnafu
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency during pregnancy is a risk factor for anemia, preterm delivery, and low birth weight. Iron/Folic Acid supplementation with optimal adherence can effectively prevent anemia in pregnancy. However, studies that address this area of adherence are very limited. Therefore, the current study was conducted to assess the adherence and to identify factors associated with a number of Iron/Folic Acid uptake during pregnancy time among mothers attending antenatal and postnatal care follow up in Akaki kality sub city...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125978/expectations-of-pain-and-functioning-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Sigrid Skatteboe, Cecilie Røe, Morten Wang Fagerland, Lars-Petter Granan
BACKGROUND: Research has suggested that patient expectations are associated with treatment outcome and evolve along with patient communication within the musculoskeletal field. However, few studies have investigated if or how physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR) consultations affect the attending patients' expectations regarding pain and functional improvement. Hence, the aims of the present study were to compare patient expectations regarding pain and functional improvement before and after a PMR consultation and to assess patient characteristics, including diagnosis, that could perhaps predict changes in expectations...
January 26, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114968/motivators-of-couple-hiv-counseling-and-testing-chct-uptake-in-a-rural-setting-in-uganda
#6
Victoria Nannozi, Eric Wobudeya, Nicholas Matsiko, Jacqueline Gahagan
BACKGROUND: Couple HIV Counseling and Testing (CHCT) is one of the key preventive strategies used to reduce the spread of HIV. In Uganda, HIV prevalence among married/living together is 7.2% among women and 7.6% among men. CHCT can help ease disclosure of HIV-positive status, which in turn may help increase opportunities to get social support and reduce new infections. The uptake of CHCT among attendees of health facilities in rural Uganda is as high as 34%. The purpose of this study was to explore the motivators of CHCT uptake in Mukono district, a rural setting in Uganda...
January 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099432/an-analysis-of-the-last-clinical-encounter-before-outpatient-mortality-among-children-with-hiv-infection-and-exposure-in-lilongwe-malawi
#7
Chris A Rees, Robert J Flick, David Sullivan, Menard Bvumbwe, Joseph Mhango, Mina C Hosseinipour, Peter N Kazembe
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) contributes to nearly 20% of all deaths in children under five years of age in Malawi. Expanded coverage of antiretroviral therapy has allowed children to access treatment on an outpatient basis. Little is known about characteristics of the final outpatient encounter prior to mortality in the outpatient setting. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study assessed clinical factors associated with mortality among HIV-exposed infants and HIV-infected children less than 18 years of age at the Baylor College of Medicine Abbott Fund Children's Center of Excellence in Lilongwe, Malawi...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095408/patient-safety-incidents-involving-sick-children-in-primary-care-in-england-and-wales-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#8
Philippa Rees, Adrian Edwards, Colin Powell, Peter Hibbert, Huw Williams, Meredith Makeham, Ben Carter, Donna Luff, Gareth Parry, Anthony Avery, Aziz Sheikh, Liam Donaldson, Andrew Carson-Stevens
BACKGROUND: The UK performs poorly relative to other economically developed countries on numerous indicators of care quality for children. The contribution of iatrogenic harm to these outcomes is unclear. As primary care is the first point of healthcare contact for most children, we sought to investigate the safety of care provided to children in this setting. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We undertook a mixed methods investigation of reports of primary care patient safety incidents involving sick children from England and Wales' National Reporting and Learning System between 1 January 2005 and 1 December 2013...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065259/predictors-of-ramadan-fasting-during-pregnancy
#9
Lily A van Bilsen, Ary I Savitri, Dwirani Amelia, Mohammad Baharuddin, Diederick E Grobbee, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal
Although the health effects of Ramadan fasting during pregnancy are still unclear, it is important to identify the predictors and motivational factors involved in women's decision to observe the fast. We investigated these factors in a cross sectional study of 187 pregnant Muslim women who attended antenatal care visits in the Budi Kemuliaan Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. The odds of adherence to fasting were reduced by 4% for every week increase in gestational age during Ramadan [odds ratio (OR) 0.96; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0...
December 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052318/severe-fear-of-childbirth-indicates-high-perinatal-costs-for-swedish-women-giving-birth-to-their-first-child
#10
Katri Nieminen, Klaas Wijma, Sanna Johansson, Emelie K Kinberger, Elsa-Lena Ryding, Gerhard Andersson, Lars Bernfort, Barbro Wijma
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to calculate costs associated with severe fear of childbirth (FOC) during pregnancy and peripartum by comparing two groups of women expecting their first child and attending an ordinary antenatal program; one with low FOC and one with severe FOC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective case-control cohort study one group with low FOC [Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ) sum score ≤60, n = 107] and one with severe FOC (W-DEQ ≥85, n = 43) were followed up till 3 months postpartum and included in the analysis...
April 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040520/predictors-of-differences-in-health-services-utilization-for-children-in-nigerian-communities
#11
Victor T Adekanmbi, Sulaimon T Adedokun, Sian Taylor-Phillips, Olalekan A Uthman, Aileen Clarke
Health service utilization is an important component of child health promotion. Evidence shows that two-thirds of child deaths in low and middle income countries could be prevented if current interventions were adequately utilized. Aim of this study was to identify determinants of variation in health services utilization for children in communities in Nigeria. Multivariable negative binomial regression model attempting to explain observed variability in health services usage in Nigerian communities was applied to the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966193/optimization-of-methods-verifying-volunteers-ability-to-provide-hospice-care
#12
Marta Szeliga, Jadwiga Mirecka
The subject of the presented work was an attempt at optimization of the methods used for verification of the candidates for medical voluntary workers in a hospice and decreasing the danger of a negative influence of an incompetent volunteer on a person in a terminal stage of a disease and his or her relatives. The study was carried out in St. Lazarus Hospice in Krakow, Poland, and included 154 adult participants in four consecutive editions of "A course for volunteers - a guardian of the sick" organized by the hospice...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913613/socioeconomic-differences-in-health-check-ups-and-medically-certified-sickness-absence-a-10-year-follow-up-among-middle-aged-municipal-employees-in-finland
#13
Kustaa Piha, Hilla Sumanen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
BACKGROUND: There is contradictory evidence on the association between health check-ups and future morbidity. Among the general population, those with high socioeconomic position participate more often in health check-ups. The main aims of this study were to analyse if attendance to health check-ups are socioeconomically patterned and affect sickness absence over a 10-year follow-up. METHODS: This register-based follow-up study included municipal employees of the City of Helsinki...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884936/constances-a-general-prospective-population-based-cohort-for-occupational-and-environmental-epidemiology-cohort-profile
#14
Marcel Goldberg, Matthieu Carton, Alexis Descatha, Annette Leclerc, Yves Roquelaure, Gaëlle Santin, Marie Zins
WHY THE COHORT WAS SET UP?: CONSTANCES is a general-purpose cohort with a focus on occupational and environmental factors. COHORT PARTICIPANTS: CONSTANCES was designed as a randomly selected sample of French adults aged 18-69 years at inception; 200 000 participants will be included. DATA COLLECTION PHASES: At enrolment, the participants are invited to complete questionnaires and to attend a health screening centre (HSC) for a health examination. A biobank will be set up...
January 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810889/factors-influencing-improved-attendance-in-the-uk-fire-service
#15
I Litchfield, P Hinckley
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence rates in the UK continue to exceed those in much of the developed world, with an annual cost to employers of £29 billion. Rates of sickness absence in the public sector are higher than those in the private sector, with the exception of the fire service where they are consistently lower. AIMS: To understand the influences that increase attendance among operational firefighters. METHODS: A series of semi-structured interviews undertaken with operational staff to explore their attitudes to sickness absence...
December 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798551/risk-factors-for-virus-induced-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-younger-than-3-years-and-recurrent-wheezing-at-36-months-follow-up-after-discharge
#16
Ambra Nicolai, Antonella Frassanito, Raffaella Nenna, Giulia Cangiano, Laura Petrarca, Paola Papoff, Alessandra Pierangeli, Carolina Scagnolari, Corrado Moretti, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: We sought to know more about how 14 common respiratory viruses manifest clinically, and to identify risk factors for specific virus-induced acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) in children younger than 3 years old and for wheezing at 36-month follow-up. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the clinical records for 273 full-term children (median age, 2.9 months; range, 0.26-39; boys, 61.2%) hospitalized for ARTIs, whose nasopharyngeal specimen tested positive for a respiratory virus and 101 children with no history of respiratory diseases (median age, 8 months; range, 0...
February 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793181/internet-based-self-help-therapy-with-fearfighter%C3%A2-versus-no-intervention-for-anxiety-disorders-in-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Morten Fenger, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Lise Jørgensen, Sten Kruse-Blinkenberg, Marianne Lau
BACKGROUND: Internet-based self-help psychotherapy (IBT) could be an important alternative or supplement to ordinary face-to-face therapy. The findings of randomised controlled trials indicate that the effects of various IBT programmes for anxiety disorders seem better than no intervention and in some instances are equivalent to usual therapy. In Denmark, IBT is part of future treatment plans in mental health care services, but the verification level of the current clinical scientific knowledge is insufficient...
October 28, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756268/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-to-improve-the-mental-health-support-and-training-available-to-secondary-school-teachers-the-wise-wellbeing-in-secondary-education-study
#18
Judi Kidger, Rhiannon Evans, Kate Tilling, William Hollingworth, Rona Campbell, Tamsin Ford, Simon Murphy, Ricardo Araya, Richard Morris, Bryar Kadir, Aida Moure Fernandez, Sarah Bell, Sarah Harding, Rowan Brockman, Jill Grey, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Teachers are reported to be at increased risk of common mental health disorders compared to other occupations. Failure to support teachers adequately may lead to serious long-term mental disorders, poor performance at work (presenteeism), sickness absence and health-related exit from the profession. It also jeopardises student mental health, as distressed staff struggle to develop supportive relationships with students, and such relationships are protective against student depression...
October 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744375/the-relation-between-indicators-of-low-employment-quality-and-attendance-behavior-in-countries-of-the-european-union
#19
Heidi Janssens, Lutgart Braeckman, Bart De Clercq, Dirk De Bacquer, Els Clays
BACKGROUND: Previous research demonstrated an association between low employment quality and lower sickness absence, which may be explained by presenteeism. Therefore, this study aimed exploring the relation between three indicators of employment quality (long working hours, precarious employment, job insecurity) and attendance behavior. METHODS: The association between employment quality and attendance behavior was investigated in 28.999 workers (mean age: 40.0 years, 53% males) of the fifth wave of the European Working Conditions Survey, using multilevel multinomial logistic regression analysis...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716317/why-hospital-physicians-attend-work-while-ill-the-spiralling-effect-of-positive-and-negative-factors
#20
Fay Giæver, Signe Lohmann-Lafrenz, Lise Tevik Løvseth
BACKGROUND: Recurrent reports from national and international studies show a persistent high prevalence of sickness presence among hospital physicians. Despite the negative consequences reported, we do not know a lot about the reasons why physicians choose to work when ill, and whether there may be some positive correlates of this behaviour that in turn may lead to the design of appropriate interventions. The aim of this study is to explore the perception and experience with sickness presenteeism among hospital physicians, and to explore possible positive and negative foundations and consequences associated with sickness presence...
October 5, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
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