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Sick attendance

Peter McGough, Van Chaudhari, Suzanne El-Attar, Pamela Yung
The USA is steadily moving towards a health system that emphasizes ‘wellness’ over ‘sickness’ care. An effective wellness program utilizes a ‘population health’ approach that ensures that all patients who seek care from a health system receive the services recommended by evidence and best practice. This means attending not just to patients who are seen for care, but also to patients who have not yet been seen. A key strategy for population health is empanelment and panel management for patients in primary care...
June 15, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Villy Meineche-Schmidt
Background Economy is an important part of chronic pain. Aim To describe the economy in chronic non-malignant pain patients attending a 13-week Rehabilitation Program (RP). Methods All patients participating in the RP 2006-2008 were evaluated at baseline (BL) and at follow-up (FU) after an observation period of mean … month in relation to: (1) work-income (WI) or (2) transfer income (TI), comprised by: (a) sick-leave (SL), (b) sick pension (SP), (c) social benefit (SB) and (d) rehabilitation benefit (RB)...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Jarno Gauffin, Tiina Hankama, Hannu Kautiainen, Marja Arkela-Kautiainen, Pekka Hannonen, Maija Haanpää
Background and purpose Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain syndrome, which affects up to 5% of the general population. The aetiology of FM is unclear. The lack of specific diagnostic laboratory tests or imaging options combined with the severe burden on both patients and society caused by the FM syndrome demands the development of valid instruments able to measure the current health status of the FM patients. The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) is the most widely used of these instruments. Our objective was to translate the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) into Finnish and evaluate its validity in Finnish speaking FM patients...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Gary L Beck Dallaghan, Joy Higgins, Adam Reinhardt
Background: Direct observations with focused feedback are critical components for medical student education. Numerous challenges exist in providing useful comments to students during their clerkships. Students' evaluations of the clerkship indicated they were not receiving feedback from preceptors or house officers. Objective: To encourage direct observation with feedback, Structured Patient Care Observation (SPCO) forms were used to evaluate third-year medical students during patient encounters...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
Nwora Lance Okeke, Meredith E Clement, Mehri S McKellar, Jason E Stout
Background: The traditional definition of engagement in HIV care in terms of only clinic attendance and viral suppression provides a limited understanding of how persons living with HIV (PLWH) interact with the health care system. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with ≥1 HIV clinic visits at the Duke Adult Infectious Diseases Clinic between 2008 and 2013. Health care utilization was characterized by 4 indicators: clinic attendance in each half of the year (yes/no), number of emergency department (ED) visits/year (0, 1, or 2+), inpatient admissions/year (0, 1, 2+), and viral suppression (never, intermittent, always)...
May 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Tiia T M Reho, Salla A Atkins, Nina Talola, Mervi Viljamaa, Markku P T Sumanen, Jukka Uitti
AIMS: This study characterizes frequent attenders in primary care provided by occupational health services (OHS) in Finland. METHODS: This is a nationwide cross-sectional study using medical record data from an OHS provider in 2015. Frequent attenders were defined as persons who were within the top decile of annual visits to healthcare professionals (frequent attender 10%, FA10) at any of the OHS's 37 stations. FA10s within this study consulted the OHS primary care unit eight or more times during 2015...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Asadullah Naqvi, Derrick Clarence
Background: The case reinforces the importance of stepping back and looking at every possibility along with multiple co-existing pathologies. It takes into account the thought process of multiple systems and a multidisciplinary team approach. Learning points to take are that decompression illness can present atypically, but one must exclude other causes. Case presentation: We present the case of a 42-year-old male from the West Midlands, UK, who attended the emergency department post-scuba diving with confusion, light-headedness, left arm weakness, and bilateral paraesthesia of the hands...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
Joanna Gallay, Dominic Mosha, Erick Lutahakana, Festo Mazuguni, Martin Zuakulu, Laurent Arthur Decosterd, Blaise Genton, Emilie Pothin
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the impact of case management strategies at large scale is essential to evaluate the public health benefit they confer. The use of methodologies relying on objective and standardized endpoints, such as drug levels in the blood, should be encouraged. Population drug use, diagnosis and treatment appropriateness in case of fever according to patient history and anti-malarials blood concentration was evaluated. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey took place between May and August 2015 in three regions of Tanzania with different levels of malaria endemicity...
May 21, 2018: Malaria Journal
Violet Naanyu, Joyce Baliddawa, Beatrice Koech, Julie Karfakis, Nancy Nyagoha
More than 95% of Kenyan women receive antenatal care (ANC) and only 62% access skilled delivery. To explore women's opinion on delivery location, 20 focus group discussions were conducted at an urban and rural setting in western Kenya. Participants included health care workers, traditional birth attendants (TBAs), and women who attended at least four ANC visits and delivered. Six in-depth interviews were also conducted with a combination of women who gave birth in a facility and at home. Discussions were digitally recorded and transcribed for analysis...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Michelle Wyndham-West, Nancy Durand, Aimee Santoro
Background This research fuses the experiences of a precancer diagnosis with the decision-making surrounding a vaccine that can protect against human papillomavirus strains that women may not have been exposed to. The interviewee cohort is of note as half the women were in their 30s and 40s and 75% were over the age of 26. These groupings are often overlooked in media discourses and narrative research surrounding human papillomavirus and the human papillomavirus vaccine. Purpose Womens' diagnoses and treatment experiences, including colposcopies, biopsies, and Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedures, are chronicled to highlight a liminal, precancerous state-one in which they are not deemed healthy, but nor have they been diagnosed with cancer...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
Sarah Carsley, Catherine Sari Birken, Patricia Parkin, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Karen Tu
BACKGROUND: Electronic medical records (EMRs) from primary care may be a feasible source of height and weight data. However the use of EMRs in research has been impeded by lack of standardization of EMRs systems, data access and concerns about the quality of the data. OBJECTIVES: The study objectives were to determine the data completeness and accuracy of child heights and weights collected in primary care EMRs, and to identify factors associated with these data quality attributes...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
Jart A F Oosterhaven, Peter A Flach, Ute Bültmann, Marie L A Schuttelaar
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism (attending work despite complaints and ill health, which should prompt rest and absence) has been overlooked in the field of hand eczema. OBJECTIVES: To examine the 1-year prevalence of presenteeism related to hand eczema in a population of hand eczema patients who visited a tertiary referral centre. Secondary objectives: to identify intrinsic/extrinsic reasons for presenteeism and to evaluate associated factors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire study...
April 1, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
Samuel Martin Amis, Tobin Henry Edgar Osicki
Background: First-year doctors found that during out-of-hours shifts they were being delayed and distracted from reviewing potentially sick/deteriorating patients by a high volume of prescribing tasks. This predominately consisted of oral anticoagulation prescribing and rewrites of drug charts. We hoped that if we could reduce this burden of "inappropriate prescribing tasks", we could not only improve junior doctors' job satisfaction and opportunities for training but also give them more time for patient reviews...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Elise Juzda Smith
This article focuses on the consolidation of naval hygiene practices during the Victorian era, a period of profound medical change that coincided with the fleet's transition from sail to steam. The ironclads of the mid- to late- nineteenth century offered ample opportunities to improve preventive medicine at sea, and surgeons capitalised on new steam technologies to provide cleaner, dryer, and airier surroundings below decks. Such efforts reflected the sanitarian idealism of naval medicine in this period, inherited from the eighteenth-century pioneers of the discipline...
April 2018: Medical History
Linda D Cameron, Paul Carroll, W Kyle Hamilton
This phase II trial evaluated psychosocial and health outcomes of an intervention designed to improve emotion regulation skills in adults suffering from Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs). The study utilized a pretest-posttest design in which 92 adults enrolled in the community-based program completed pretest measures, attended either a faith-based or secular version of the 12-week ACE Overcomers program, and then completed posttest measures. The theory-guided program involved group sessions providing education and skills training to improve emotion regulation, self-awareness, resilience, and social functioning...
May 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Suzanne Jolley, Elizabeth Kuipers, Catherine Stewart, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Nedah Basit, Kimberley Gin, Colette Hirsch, Richard Corrigall, Partha Banerjea, Grainne Turley, Daniel Stahl, Kristin R Laurens
OBJECTIVES: Health care guidelines recommend psychological interventions for childhood unusual experiences that are associated with distress or adverse functional impact (UEDs), based on adult, rather than child-specific, evidence. We report the first randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood UEDs (CBT-UED). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants aged 8-14 years were recruited from referrals to community services for children with emotional/behavioural problems and screened for self-reported UEDs...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Anne Lovise Nordstoga, Paul Jarle Mork, Marius Steiro Fimland
Background: Various occupational inpatient rehabilitation programs are established in Norway. This study aimed to assess change in cardiorespiratory fitness, pain, anxiety, depression, and quality of life in persons on long-term sick leave due to musculoskeletal-, mental or unspecific disorders after participation in multicomponent inpatient occupational rehabilitation. Methods: Twenty-five women and five men (mean age 45.2 years, SD 6.7, range 30-57) volunteered to participate in the study...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kevin J Mitchell, Joseph V Vayalumkal
Background: Sickness presenteeism is defined as the act of attending one's job despite ill-health. Recently, physicians and other health care workers have become the focus of sickness presenteeism research, because presenteeism in this population can put patients at risk of infection. There are currently no data on this topic among physicians in Canada. The aim of this study was to investigate sickness presenteeism in paediatric resident physicians in Canada. Methods: We conducted an anonymous, online, cross-sectional survey study in which all paediatric residents in Canada were eligible...
May 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Heather Bernstein, Melissa Santos
The development and maintenance of obesity is multifactorial and involves the interplay of environmental, cultural, social, and biological influences. The purpose of the current paper was to describe hunger and fullness in a sample of pediatric patients seeking treatment for obesity. The goals of this study were to gain information about how youth with obesity describe their experience of being hungry and full and to explore common themes within these descriptions. Twenty-five patients entering a Stage 3 pediatric obesity program responded to the open-ended questions: "how do you know when you are hungry" and "how do you know when you are full?" The results found that the majority of youth used physical cues as a way to identify hunger and fullness cues...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Izet Masic, Zijo Begic, Nabil Naser, Edin Begic
Pediatrics is defined as the science of a healthy and sick child from birth to end of adolescence. Diseases of the cardiovascular system are the leading causes of mortality in adults, with frequent onset in childhood. The cardiologic examination starts with anamnesis in a pleasant atmosphere, refined space, enough time and patience, detailed measurements, and preferably a noncrying child. Anamnesis, regardless of the development of diagnostic procedures, still constitutes the basis of every clinical examination...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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