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Sick attendance

Judi Kidger, Rhiannon Evans, Kate Tilling, William Hollingworth, Rona Campbell, Tamsin Ford, Simon Murphy, Ricardo Araya, Richard Morris, Bryar Kadir, Aida Moure Fernandez, Sarah Bell, Sarah Harding, Rowan Brockman, Jill Grey, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Teachers are reported to be at increased risk of common mental health disorders compared to other occupations. Failure to support teachers adequately may lead to serious long-term mental disorders, poor performance at work (presenteeism), sickness absence and health-related exit from the profession. It also jeopardises student mental health, as distressed staff struggle to develop supportive relationships with students, and such relationships are protective against student depression...
October 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
Heidi Janssens, Lutgart Braeckman, Bart De Clercq, Dirk De Bacquer, Els Clays
BACKGROUND: Previous research demonstrated an association between low employment quality and lower sickness absence, which may be explained by presenteeism. Therefore, this study aimed exploring the relation between three indicators of employment quality (long working hours, precarious employment, job insecurity) and attendance behavior. METHODS: The association between employment quality and attendance behavior was investigated in 28.999 workers (mean age: 40.0 years, 53% males) of the fifth wave of the European Working Conditions Survey, using multilevel multinomial logistic regression analysis...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Fay Giæver, Signe Lohmann-Lafrenz, Lise Tevik Løvseth
BACKGROUND: Recurrent reports from national and international studies show a persistent high prevalence of sickness presence among hospital physicians. Despite the negative consequences reported, we do not know a lot about the reasons why physicians choose to work when ill, and whether there may be some positive correlates of this behaviour that in turn may lead to the design of appropriate interventions. The aim of this study is to explore the perception and experience with sickness presenteeism among hospital physicians, and to explore possible positive and negative foundations and consequences associated with sickness presence...
October 5, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Samantha Stonbraker, Montina Befus, Leonel Lerebours Nadal, Mina Halpern, Elaine Larson
Effective treatment and management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) depend on patients' ability to locate, comprehend, and apply health information. This study's purpose was to identify characteristics associated with these skills among HIV positive adults in the Dominican Republic. An information behavior survey was administered to 107 participants then three logistic regressions were conducted to identify characteristics associated with information seeking, processing, and use. Never having cared for someone who was sick was significantly associated with less information seeking, processing, and use...
October 6, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Sharmila Shrestha, Kumiko Adachi, Marcia A Petrini, Sarita Shrestha, Bina Rana Khagi
BACKGROUND: the health and survival of newborns depend on high levels of attention and care from caregivers. The growth and development of some infants are unhealthy because of their mother's or caregiver's lack of knowledge or the use of inappropriate or traditional child-rearing practices that may be harmful. OBJECTIVE: to develop a newborn care educational programme and evaluate its impact on infant and maternal health in Nepal. DESIGN: a randomised controlled trial...
September 15, 2016: Midwifery
Mat Lowe, Duan-Rung Chen, Song-Lih Huang
BACKGROUND: The high rate of maternal mortality reported in The Gambia is influenced by many factors, such as difficulties in accessing quality healthcare and facilities. In addition, socio-cultural practices in rural areas may limit the resources available to pregnant women, resulting in adverse health consequences. The aim of this study is to depict the gender dynamics in a rural Gambian context by exploring the social and cultural factors affecting maternal health. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Five focus group discussions that included 50 participants (aged 15-30 years, with at least one child) and six in-depth interviews with traditional birth attendants were conducted to explore perceptions of maternal health issues among rural women...
2016: PloS One
Nadia Akseer, Zaid Bhatti, Arjumand Rizvi, Ahmad S Salehi, Taufiq Mashal, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Afghanistan has made considerable gains in improving maternal and child health and survival since 2001. However, socioeconomic and regional inequities may pose a threat to reaching universal coverage of health interventions and further health progress. We explored coverage and socioeconomic inequalities in key life-saving reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) interventions at the national level and by region in Afghanistan. We also assessed gains in child survival through scaling up effective community-based interventions across wealth groups...
2016: BMC Public Health
Yun-Sik Cho, Jae Bum Park, Kyung-Jong Lee, Kyoung-Bok Min, Chul-In Baek
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism, a concept that has recently undergone active study, is the act of attending work while sick. This study investigates the association between presenteeism and various psychosocial factors within workplaces. METHODS: This study analyzed 29246 wage earners from the third Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS, 2011) data using the logistic regression analysis to investigate the association between presenteeism and various psychosocial factors within workplaces...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Nathan P Miller, Agbessi Amouzou, Elizabeth Hazel, Hailemariam Legesse, Tedbabe Degefie, Mengistu Tafesse, Robert E Black, Jennifer Bryce
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has scaled up integrated community case management of childhood illness (iCCM), including several interventions to improve the performance of Health Extension Workers (HEWs). We assessed associations between interventions to improve iCCM quality of care and the observed quality of care among HEWs. METHODS: We assessed iCCM implementation strength and quality of care provided by HEWs in Ethiopia. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to assess associations between interventions to improve iCCM quality of care and correct management of iCCM illnesses...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
R Pijnacker, L Mughini-Gras, M Heusinkveld, J Roelfsema, W van Pelt, T Kortbeek
Giardia lamblia is a major cause of diarrhoea in children, especially those attending day-care centres (DCCs). Only Giardia assemblages A and B infect humans. Given the lack of assemblage-specific epidemiological data, we aimed to identify risk factors for infection by assemblages A and B in DCC attendees. During 2010-2013, 5,015 faecal samples from ≤4-year-old children attending 40 DCCs participating in laboratory surveillance in the Netherlands were tested for Giardia using RT-PCR. Giardia-positive samples were typed for identification of assemblages A and B...
September 6, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Vicki L Kristman, William S Shaw, Cécile R L Boot, George L Delclos, Michael J Sullivan, Mark G Ehrhart
Purpose There is growing research evidence that workplace factors influence disability outcomes, but these variables reflect a variety of stakeholder perspectives, measurement tools, and methodologies. The goal of this article is to summarize existing research of workplace factors in relation to disability, compare this with employer discourse in the grey literature, and recommend future research priorities. Methods The authors participated in a year-long collaboration that ultimately led to an invited 3-day conference, "Improving Research of Employer Practices to Prevent Disability, held October 14-16, 2015, in Hopkinton, Massachusetts, USA...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Pierluigi Marzuillo, Rosaria Marotta, Andrea Apicella, Stefano Guarino, Tiziana Esposito, Nicoletta Della Vecchia, Mario Diplomatico, Cesare Polito, Laura Perrone, Angela La Manna
Factitious disorders are characterized by physical or psychological symptoms that are intentionally produced or feigned in order to assume the sick role. "Munchausen's syndrome" is one of these disorders and often is under-recognized or only suspected after unnecessary investigations. We report the case of a 15-year-old boy who came to our notice because of reduced urine output and recurrent abdominal pain during the previous 3 months. The patient attended several emergency room visits and he had been hospitalized for 1 month in an adult internal medicine department because of "oliguria"...
August 5, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Sinéad Currie, Cindy Gray, Ashley Shepherd, Rhona J McInnes
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) can be beneficial to pregnant women, however, many women do not adhere to current PA guidelines during the antenatal period. Patient and public involvement is essential when designing antenatal PA interventions in order to uncover the reasons for non-adherence and non-engagement with the behaviour, as well as determining what type of intervention would be acceptable. The aim of this research was to explore women's experiences of PA during a recent pregnancy, understand the barriers and determinants of antenatal PA and explore the acceptability of antenatal walking groups for further development...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Esther Buregyeya, Sham Lal, Sîan E Clarke, Kristian S Hansen, Pascal Magnussen, Philip LaRussa, Anthony K Mbonye
BACKGROUND: Private facilities are the first place of care seeking for many sick children. Involving these facilities in child health interventions may provide opportunities to improve child welfare. The objective of this study was to assess the potential of rural and urban private facilities in diagnostic capabilities, operations and human resource in the management of malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea. METHODS: A survey was conducted in pharmacies, private clinics and drug shops in Mukono district in October 2014...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Martin Mbonye, Janet Seeley, Ruth Nalugya, Thadeus Kiwanuka, Daniel Bagiire, Michelle Mugyenyi, Gertrude Namale, Yunia Mayanja, Anatoli Kamali
At the end of 2013, the Government of Uganda issued guidance recommending provision of Anti-Retroviral Treatment (ART) to HIV-positive people in key populations, including female sex workers, regardless of CD4 cell count. We describe the implementation of this new guidance in a clinic serving women at high risk of HIV infection in Kampala. Between July and December 2015, we conducted repeat in-depth interviews with 15 women attending the clinic after the change in guidelines, to explore their perceptions regarding prompt ART initiation...
2016: AIDS Care
Damus Paquin Kouassi, Kouadio Daniel Ekra, Odile Angbo-Effi, Éric Martial Kouakou Ahoussou, Guy Modeste Bliabo, Nawa Samuel Yéo, Daouda Coulibaly, N Cho Simplice Dagnan
INTRODUCTION: Since the declaration of the Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa, the government of Ivory Coast has organized the training of medical staff in all health regions of the country. This study was conducted one month after this training in order to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of health workers concerning Ebola virus disease in an Ivory Coast health region their preparation in relation to this disease. METHODS: In May-June 2014, we conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study of 176 health workers from private and public health facilities in 5 health districts...
January 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Jennifer Levy, Fauziya Hassan, Melissa A Plegue, Max D Sokoloff, Juhi S Kushwaha, Ronald D Chervin, John D E Barks, Renée A Shellhaas
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep disruption is increasingly recognized in hospitalized patients. Impaired sleep is associated with measureable alterations in neurodevelopment. The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) environment has the potential to affect sleep quality and quantity. We aimed: (i) to determine the frequency and duration of hands-on care, and its impact on sleep, for NICU patients; and (ii) to assess the incidence of respiratory events associated with handling for a cohort of sick neonates...
June 30, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
C S Smith, A McLAUGHLIN, H E Field, D Edson, D Mayer, S Ossedryver, J Barrett, D Waltisbuhl
Hendra virus (HeV) was first described in 1994 in an outbreak of acute and highly lethal disease in horses and humans in Australia. Equine cases continue to be diagnosed periodically, yet the predisposing factors for infection remain unclear. We undertook an analysis of equine submissions tested for HeV by the Queensland government veterinary reference laboratory over a 20-year period to identify and investigate any patterns. We found a marked increase in testing from July 2008, primarily reflecting a broadening of the HeV clinical case definition...
June 30, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Angela G E M De Boer, Floor Bennebroek Evertsz', Pieter C Stokkers, Claudia L Bockting, Robert Sanderman, Daniel W Hommes, Mirjam A G Sprangers, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
OBJECTIVES: To assess employment status, difficulties at work and sick leave in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients and their relation with sociodemographic and clinical factors, quality of life (QoL), and anxiety and depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IBD patients attending an IBD outpatients' clinic received self-report questionnaires on employment status, IBD-related difficulties at work and sick leave (Trimbos/iMTA questionnaire for Costs associated with Psychiatric Illness), sociodemographic factors, QoL (Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire and 12-item Short-form Health Survey) and anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale)...
October 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
June C Carroll, Yves Talbot, Joanne Permaul, Anastasia Tobin, Rahim Moineddin, Sean Blaine, Jeff Bloom, Debra Butt, Kelly Kay, Deanna Telner
OBJECTIVE: To explore patients' perceptions of primary care (PC) in the early development of academic family health teams (aFHTs)--interprofessional PC teams delivering care where family medicine and other health professional learners are trained--focusing on patients' perceptions of access and patients' satisfaction with services. DESIGN: Self-administered survey. SETTING: Six aFHTs in Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients attending appointments and administrators at each of the aFHTs...
January 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
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