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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607512/presenteeism-in-a-dutch-hand-eczema-population-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Jart A F Oosterhaven, Peter A Flach, Ute Bültmann, Marie L A Schuttelaar
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism (attending work despite complaints and ill health, which should prompt rest and absence) has been overlooked in the field of hand eczema. OBJECTIVES: To examine the 1-year prevalence of presenteeism related to hand eczema in a population of hand eczema patients who visited a tertiary referral centre. Secondary objectives: to identify intrinsic/extrinsic reasons for presenteeism and to evaluate associated factors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire study...
April 1, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593428/can-patient-safety-be-improved-by-reducing-the-volume-of-inappropriate-prescribing-tasks-handed-over-to-out-of-hours-junior-doctors
#2
Samuel Martin Amis, Tobin Henry Edgar Osicki
Background: First-year doctors found that during out-of-hours shifts they were being delayed and distracted from reviewing potentially sick/deteriorating patients by a high volume of prescribing tasks. This predominately consisted of oral anticoagulation prescribing and rewrites of drug charts. We hoped that if we could reduce this burden of "inappropriate prescribing tasks", we could not only improve junior doctors' job satisfaction and opportunities for training but also give them more time for patient reviews...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553010/-cleanse-or-die-british-naval-hygiene-in-the-age-of-steam-1840-1900
#3
Elise Juzda Smith
This article focuses on the consolidation of naval hygiene practices during the Victorian era, a period of profound medical change that coincided with the fleet's transition from sail to steam. The ironclads of the mid- to late- nineteenth century offered ample opportunities to improve preventive medicine at sea, and surgeons capitalised on new steam technologies to provide cleaner, dryer, and airier surroundings below decks. Such efforts reflected the sanitarian idealism of naval medicine in this period, inherited from the eighteenth-century pioneers of the discipline...
April 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544158/evaluation-of-an-intervention-promoting-emotion-regulation-skills-for-adults-with-persisting-distress-due-to-adverse-childhood-experiences
#4
Linda D Cameron, Paul Carroll, W Kyle Hamilton
This phase II trial evaluated psychosocial and health outcomes of an intervention designed to improve emotion regulation skills in adults suffering from Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs). The study utilized a pretest-posttest design in which 92 adults enrolled in the community-based program completed pretest measures, attended either a faith-based or secular version of the 12-week ACE Overcomers program, and then completed posttest measures. The theory-guided program involved group sessions providing education and skills training to improve emotion regulation, self-awareness, resilience, and social functioning...
March 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527754/the-coping-with-unusual-experiences-for-children-study-cues-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-evaluation-of-the-acceptability-and-potential-clinical-utility-of-a-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-package-for-young-people-aged-8-14-years-with-unusual-experiences
#5
Suzanne Jolley, Elizabeth Kuipers, Catherine Stewart, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Nedah Basit, Kimberley Gin, Colette Hirsch, Richard Corrigall, Partha Banerjea, Grainne Turley, Daniel Stahl, Kristin R Laurens
OBJECTIVES: Health care guidelines recommend psychological interventions for childhood unusual experiences that are associated with distress or adverse functional impact (UEDs), based on adult, rather than child-specific, evidence. We report the first randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood UEDs (CBT-UED). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants aged 8-14 years were recruited from referrals to community services for children with emotional/behavioural problems and screened for self-reported UEDs...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507732/improved-cardiorespiratory-fitness-after-occupational-rehabilitation-in-merged-diagnostic-groups
#6
Anne Lovise Nordstoga, Paul Jarle Mork, Marius Steiro Fimland
Background: Various occupational inpatient rehabilitation programs are established in Norway. This study aimed to assess change in cardiorespiratory fitness, pain, anxiety, depression, and quality of life in persons on long-term sick leave due to musculoskeletal-, mental or unspecific disorders after participation in multicomponent inpatient occupational rehabilitation. Methods: Twenty-five women and five men (mean age 45.2 years, SD 6.7, range 30-57) volunteered to participate in the study...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479187/sickness-presenteeism-the-prevalence-of-coming-to-work-while-ill-among-paediatric-resident-physicians-in-canada
#7
Kevin J Mitchell, Joseph V Vayalumkal
Background: Sickness presenteeism is defined as the act of attending one's job despite ill-health. Recently, physicians and other health care workers have become the focus of sickness presenteeism research, because presenteeism in this population can put patients at risk of infection. There are currently no data on this topic among physicians in Canada. The aim of this study was to investigate sickness presenteeism in paediatric resident physicians in Canada. Methods: We conducted an anonymous, online, cross-sectional survey study in which all paediatric residents in Canada were eligible...
May 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460794/definitions-of-hunger-and-fullness-among-youth-enrolled-in-a-pediatric-weight-management-program
#8
Heather Bernstein, Melissa Santos
The development and maintenance of obesity is multifactorial and involves the interplay of environmental, cultural, social, and biological influences. The purpose of the current paper was to describe hunger and fullness in a sample of pediatric patients seeking treatment for obesity. The goals of this study were to gain information about how youth with obesity describe their experience of being hungry and full and to explore common themes within these descriptions. Twenty-five patients entering a Stage 3 pediatric obesity program responded to the open-ended questions: "how do you know when you are hungry" and "how do you know when you are full?" The results found that the majority of youth used physical cues as a way to identify hunger and fullness cues...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441182/pediatric-cardiac-anamnesis-prevention-of-additional-diagnostic-tests
#9
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Zijo Begic, Nabil Naser, Edin Begic
Pediatrics is defined as the science of a healthy and sick child from birth to end of adolescence. Diseases of the cardiovascular system are the leading causes of mortality in adults, with frequent onset in childhood. The cardiologic examination starts with anamnesis in a pleasant atmosphere, refined space, enough time and patience, detailed measurements, and preferably a noncrying child. Anamnesis, regardless of the development of diagnostic procedures, still constitutes the basis of every clinical examination...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435337/sick-at-work-prevalence-and-determinants-among-healthcare-workers-western-ethiopia-an-institution-based-cross-sectional-study
#10
Tesfaye Hambisa Mekonnen, Mekuriaw Alemayewu Tefera, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
Background: Going to work despite feeling sick also known as sickness presenteeism is one of the emerging global occupational health challenges. Sickness presenteeism negatively affects both health of work forces and productivity of organizations in general. However, there is insufficient research exploring this situation in majority of the Sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Thus this study intended to investigate the prevalence and determinant factors of sickness presenteeism among health care workers, Western Ethiopia...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424447/behavioural-intervention-to-reduce-resistance-in-those-attending-adult-day-care-centers-procendias-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Emiliano Rodriguez-Sánchez, Olaya Tamayo-Morales, Jesús González-Sanchez, Sara Mora-Simón, Andrés Losada-Baltar, Jaime Unzueta-Arce, María C Patino-Alonso, Elena De Dios-Rodríguez, Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, Luis García-Ortiz
AIM: This study evaluates the effectiveness of a behavioural intervention program aimed at reducing the reluctance of dependent people to attend Adult Day Care Centres. We hope that reducing resistance will have a positive influence on the mental health of caregivers. BACKGROUND: Care centres offer important relief and rest services for family caregivers. Some caregivers report being affected by behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia when they prepare dependents for the Care Centres, especially when these have dementia...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371281/motives-for-sickness-presence-among-students-at-secondary-school-a-cross-sectional-study-in-five-european-countries
#12
Vegard Johansen
OBJECTIVES: This article investigates various motives for sickness presence (SP) among students in secondary school. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: 25 secondary schools in Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Italy and Latvia. PARTICIPANTS: 5002 students between 16 and 19 years of age, 49% female. RESULTS: Almost half of the students reported two or more incidents of SP. The study indicated that the practice of SP was mainly extrinsically motivated...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334920/factors-influencing-access-of-pregnant-women-and-their-infants-to-their-local-healthcare-system-a-prospective-multi-centre-observational-study
#13
Shabir A Madhi, Luis M Rivera, Xavier Sáez-Llorens, Clara Menéndez, Nazira Carrim-Ganey, Mark F Cotton, Darren Katzman, Mariëtha M Luttig, Rosalba Candelario, Sherryl Baker, Mahua Roychoudhury
BACKGROUND: The successful implementation of maternal vaccination relies on results of clinical trials, considering the prenatal and postnatal attendance at selected healthcare institutions. This study evaluated factors influencing maternal/infant access to healthcare facilities to identify potential barriers to participation in future clinical trials on maternal vaccination. METHODS: In this prospective, multi-centre, observational study, pregnant women (N = 3243) were enrolled at ten sites across Panama, the Dominican Republic, South Africa, and Mozambique between 2012 and 2014...
January 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310609/self-medication-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-at-makongoro-health-centre-in-mwanza-tanzania-a-challenge-to-health-systems
#14
Karol J Marwa, Agnes Njalika, Deodatus Ruganuza, Deogratias Katabalo, Erasmus Kamugisha
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is a universal challenge that requires attention because of the potential threat not only to the pregnant women but also to unborn child. Data on self-medication practice and predictors among pregnant women is lacking in Tanzania. Information on the effects of this practice to the pregnant woman and the foetus globally is also scanty. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study which was conducted using face to face interview with 372 pregnant women at Makongoro health centre...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281188/health-care-worker-decompression-sickness-incidence-risk-and-mitigation
#15
Richard Clarke
Inadvertent exposure to radiation, chemical agents and biological factors are well recognized hazards associated with the health care delivery system. Less well appreciated yet no less harmful is risk of decompression sickness in those who accompany patients as inside attendants (IAs) during provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Unlike the above hazards where avoidance is practiced, IA exposure to decompression sickness risk is unavoidable. While overall incidence is low, when calculated as number of cases over number of exposures or potential for a case during any given exposure, employee cumulative risk, defined here as number of cases over number of IAs, or risk that an IA may suffer a case, is not...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280065/workers-not-paid-for-sick-leave-after-implementation-of-the-new-york-city-paid-sick-leave-law
#16
Gerod Sharper Hall, Sarah Walters, Christopher Wimer, Amber Levanon Seligson, Matthew Maury, Jane Waldfogel, L Hannah Gould, Sungwoo Lim
This study examined factors associated with being paid for sick leave after implementation of the New York City (NYC) paid sick leave law. A random sample of NYC residents was surveyed by telephone multiple times over a 2-year period. Participants (n = 1195) reported socio-demographics, awareness of the law, income, work hours per week, and payment for sick time off work. In the year after implementation of the law, part-time workers were significantly more likely to attend work while sick than full-time workers (relative risk = 1...
February 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234955/predictors-of-return-to-work-6-months-after-the-end-of-treatment-in-patients-with-common-mental-disorders-a-cohort-study
#17
Mattias Victor, Bjørn Lau, Torleif Ruud
Purpose Common mental disorders (CMDs) account for a large portion of sickness absence. Even after attending return to work (RTW) interventions, many patients with a CMD remain on sick leave. To identify people at risk of long-term work disability, more needs to be known about factors that predict RTW after treatment. Methods This was a prospective cohort study that followed 106 former patients at an RTW outpatient clinic for CMDs for 6 months after the end of treatment. Changes in work participation and mental health status between the end of treatment and the 6-month follow-up were analysed...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198195/a-severe-gastroenteritis-outbreak-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-enteritidis-pt8-with-pfge-profile-xbai-0024-and-mlva-profile-2-9-7-3-2-following-a-christening-reception-greece-2016
#18
G Mandilara, C M Vassalos, A Chrisostomou, K Karadimas, E Mathioudaki, T Georgakopoulou, S Tsiodras, K Mellou
In June 2016, a Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis outbreak (n = 56) occurred after a christening reception in Central Greece, mainly affecting previously healthy adults; one related death caused media attention. Patients suffered from profuse diarrhoea, fever and frequent vomiting episodes requiring prolonged hospitalisation and sick leave from work, with a 54% hospital admission rate. The majority of cases experienced serious illness within <12 h of attending the party. We investigated the outbreak to identify the source(s) of infection and contributing factors to the disease severity...
January 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192369/insurers-influences-on-attending-physicians-of-workers-sick-listed-for-common-mental-disorders-what-are-the-impacts-on-physicians-practices
#19
Chantal Sylvain, Marie-José Durand, Pascale Maillette
Purpose In many jurisdictions, general practitioners (GPs) play an important role in the sick-leave and return-to-work (RTW) process of individuals with common mental disorders (CMD). Since it is insurers that decide on workers' eligibility for disability benefits, they can influence physicians' ability to act. The nature of these influences remains little documented to date. The aim of this study was therefore to describe these influences and their impacts from the GPs' perspective. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with GPs having a diversified clientele (n = 13)...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142473/genetic-associations-with-adverse-events-from-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-therapy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients
#20
Daniel Lew, Soon Man Yoon, Xiaofei Yan, Lori Robbins, Talin Haritunians, Zhenqiu Liu, Dalin Li, Dermot Pb McGovern
AIM: To study the type and frequency of adverse events associated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy and evaluate for any serologic and genetic associations. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of patients attending the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) centers at Cedars-Sinai IBD Center from 2005-2016. Adverse events were identified via chart review. IBD serologies were measured by ELISA. DNA samples were genotyped at Cedars-Sinai using Illumina Infinium Immunochipv1 array per manufacturer's protocol...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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