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Judi Kidger, Rhiannon Evans, Kate Tilling, William Hollingworth, Rona Campbell, Tamsin Ford, Simon Murphy, Ricardo Araya, Richard Morris, Bryar Kadir, Aida Moure Fernandez, Sarah Bell, Sarah Harding, Rowan Brockman, Jill Grey, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Teachers are reported to be at increased risk of common mental health disorders compared to other occupations. Failure to support teachers adequately may lead to serious long-term mental disorders, poor performance at work (presenteeism), sickness absence and health-related exit from the profession. It also jeopardises student mental health, as distressed staff struggle to develop supportive relationships with students, and such relationships are protective against student depression...
October 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
Bruce C M Wang, Ping-Ning Hsu, Wesley Furnback, John Ney, Ya-Wen Yang, Chi-Hui Fang, Chao-Hsiun Tang
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation and destruction of the joints. OBJECTIVES: This research aims to estimate the economic burden of RA in Taiwan. METHODS: The National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), a claims-based dataset encompassing 99 % of Taiwan's population, was applied. We used a micro-costing approach for direct healthcare costs and indirect social costs by estimating the quantities and prices of cost categories...
March 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
Heidi Janssens, Lutgart Braeckman, Bart De Clercq, Dirk De Bacquer, Els Clays
BACKGROUND: Previous research demonstrated an association between low employment quality and lower sickness absence, which may be explained by presenteeism. Therefore, this study aimed exploring the relation between three indicators of employment quality (long working hours, precarious employment, job insecurity) and attendance behavior. METHODS: The association between employment quality and attendance behavior was investigated in 28.999 workers (mean age: 40.0 years, 53% males) of the fifth wave of the European Working Conditions Survey, using multilevel multinomial logistic regression analysis...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Fay Giæver, Signe Lohmann-Lafrenz, Lise Tevik Løvseth
BACKGROUND: Recurrent reports from national and international studies show a persistent high prevalence of sickness presence among hospital physicians. Despite the negative consequences reported, we do not know a lot about the reasons why physicians choose to work when ill, and whether there may be some positive correlates of this behaviour that in turn may lead to the design of appropriate interventions. The aim of this study is to explore the perception and experience with sickness presenteeism among hospital physicians, and to explore possible positive and negative foundations and consequences associated with sickness presence...
October 5, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
A Linneberg, K Dam Petersen, J Hahn-Pedersen, E Hammerby, N Serup-Hansen, N Boxall
This meta-analysis compared the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and/or allergic asthma (AA) caused by perennial house dust mite (HDM) versus AR and/or AA caused by seasonal pollen allergy. Following a systematic search, the identified studies used the disease-specific rhinitis quality of life questionnaire or generic instruments (SF-36 and SF-12). Summary estimates obtained by meta-analysis showed that HRQL in patients with perennial HDM allergy was significantly worse than that of patients with seasonal pollen allergy, when measured by both disease-specific and generic HRQL instruments, and was reflected by an impact on both physical and mental health...
2016: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
Diana Weidlich, Fredrik L Andersson, Matthias Oelke, Marcus John Drake, Aino Fianu Jonasson, Julian F Guest
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to estimate the prevalence-based cost of illness imposed by nocturia (≥2 nocturnal voids per night) in Germany, Sweden, and the UK in an average year. METHODS: Information obtained from a systematic review of published literature and clinicians was used to construct an algorithm depicting the management of nocturia in these three countries. This enabled an estimation of (1) annual levels of healthcare resource use, (2) annual cost of healthcare resource use, and (3) annual societal cost arising from presenteeism and absenteeism attributable to nocturia in each country...
September 27, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
S Evans-Lacko, M Knapp
PURPOSE: Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Research suggests that by far, the greatest contributor to the overall economic impact of depression is loss in productivity; however, there is very little research on the costs of depression outside of Western high-income countries. Thus, this study examines the impact of depression on workplace productivity across eight diverse countries. METHODS: We estimated the extent and costs of depression-related absenteeism and presenteeism in the workplace across eight countries: Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, South Africa, and the USA...
September 26, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Marie Gustafsson Sendén, Karin Schenck-Gustafsson, Ann Fridner
BACKGROUND: It is common that physicians go to work while sick and therefore it is important to understand the reasons behind. Previous research has shown that women and men differ in health and health related behavior. In this study, we examine gender differences among general practitioners who work while sick. METHODS: General practitioners (GP's) working in outpatient care in a Swedish city participated in the study (n = 283; women = 63 %; response rate = 41 %)...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Myra S Hunter, Claire Hardy, Sam Norton, Amanda Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Hot flushes and night sweats (HFNS) - the main symptoms of the menopause transition - can reduce quality of life and are particularly difficult to manage at work. A cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) intervention has been developed specifically for HFNS that is theoretically based and shown to reduce significantly the impact of HFNS in several randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Self-help CBT has been found to be as effective as group CBT for these symptoms, but these interventions are not widely available in the workplace...
October 2016: Maturitas
Yun-Sik Cho, Jae Bum Park, Kyung-Jong Lee, Kyoung-Bok Min, Chul-In Baek
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism, a concept that has recently undergone active study, is the act of attending work while sick. This study investigates the association between presenteeism and various psychosocial factors within workplaces. METHODS: This study analyzed 29246 wage earners from the third Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS, 2011) data using the logistic regression analysis to investigate the association between presenteeism and various psychosocial factors within workplaces...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kwang Ha Yoo, Hae Ryun Ahn, Jae Kyoung Park, Jong Woong Kim, Gui Hyun Nam, Soon Kwan Hong, Mee Ja Kim, Aloke Gopal Ghoshal, Abdul Razak Bin Abdul Muttalif, Horng Chyuan Lin, Sanguansak Thanaviratananich, Shalini Bagga, Rab Faruqi, Shiva Sajjan, Santwona Baidya, De Yun Wang, Sang Heon Cho
PURPOSE: The Asia-Pacific Burden of Respiratory Diseases (APBORD) study is a cross-sectional, observational one which has used a standard protocol to examine the disease and economic burden of allergic rhinitis (AR), asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), and rhinosinusitis across the Asia-Pacific region. Here, we report on symptoms, healthcare resource use, work impairment, and associated costs in Korea. METHODS: Consecutive participants aged ≥18 years with a primary diagnosis of asthma, AR, COPD, or rhinosinusitis were enrolled...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Anke Kondla, Thomas Glaab, Riccardo Pedersini, Marek Lommatzsch
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and the characteristics of poor asthma control among adults treated with combinations of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting beta-agonists (LABA) are not completely understood. METHODS: Data from adult patients in Germany with self-reported asthma treated with an ICS-LABA combination in the National Health and Wellness Survey (NHWS) were analysed. Patients with well-controlled and not well-controlled asthma according to the Asthma Control Test (ACT) score were compared, with respect to socio-demographic characteristics, attitudes, adherence and outcomes...
September 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Solmaz Ehteshami-Afshar, J Mark FitzGerald, Christopher Carlsten, Hamid Tavakoli, Roxanne Rousseau, Wan Cheng Tan, J Douglass Rolf, Mohsen Sadatsafavi
BACKGROUND: Health-related productivity loss is an important, yet overlooked, component of the economic burden of disease in asthma patients of a working age. We aimed at evaluating the effect of comorbidities on productivity loss among adult asthma patients. METHODS: In a random sample of employed adults with asthma, we measured comorbidities using a validated self-administered comorbidity questionnaire (SCQ), as well as productivity loss, including absenteeism and presenteeism, using validated instruments...
2016: Respiratory Research
N D Emerson, D A Merrill, K Shedd, R M Bilder, P Siddarth
BACKGROUND: Prior research indicates that workplace wellness programmes (WWPs) are generally associated with lowered healthcare costs and improved employee health. Despite the importance of mental well-being in workplace productivity and attendance, few WWP studies have focused on improvements in psychological well-being. AIMS: To examine the effects of the Bruin Health Improvement Program (BHIP), a 3-month exercise and nutrition WWP, on seven domains of health: physical and mental health, stress, energy level, social satisfaction, self-efficacy and quality of life...
August 23, 2016: Occupational Medicine
Nicolas Williet, Hélène Sarter, Corinne Gower-Rousseau, Charlotte Adrianjafy, Alain Olympie, Anne Buisson, Laurent Beaugerie, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet
BACKGROUND: Patient reported-outcomes (PROs) are a major therapeutic goal in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Between January to June 2014, patients affiliated with the French national IBD association filled out six self-questionnaires: quality of life (QoL, according to the Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire [SIBDQ] and the Short-Form-36 Questionnaire [SF-36] v2), fatigue (the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue [FACIT-F]), work productivity (the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment [WPAI] questionnaire), disability [the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Disability Index], and anxiety/depression (the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale [HADS])...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Alyson Wong, Hamid Tavakoli, Mohsen Sadatsafavi, Chris Carlsten, J Mark FitzGerald
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, asthma is the third leading cause of work loss, yet little is known about the associated productivity loss. The goal of this study was to look at the relationship between asthma control and productivity loss, particularly contrasting those with work-related asthma (WRA) and non-work-related asthma (NWRA). METHODS: A population-based random sample of adults with asthma in British Columbia, Canada, was prospectively recruited. Asthma control was graded according to Global Initiative for Asthma classification, while productivity loss and presence of WRA was assessed using questionnaires...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Suzanne R Dhaini, Franziska Zúñiga, Dietmar Ausserhofer, Michael Simon, Regina Kunz, Sabina De Geest, Rene Schwendimann
To explore associations between care workers' health and implicit rationing of care. Diverse studies have linked impaired health to reduced work performance - a factor measured through omission of required tasks. This cross-sectional study gathered data from 3239 care workers in 162 Swiss nursing homes. Data were analyzed via a linear logistic regression model using general estimating equations. Overall, rationing of care occurred "never" to "seldom." Rationing of activities of daily living was positively associated with care workers' joint pain (β 0...
August 1, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
N K Rotondi, D E Beaton, M Ilieff, C Adhihetty, D Linton, E Bogoch, J Sale, S Hogg-Johnson, S Jaglal, R Jain, J Weldon
: We examined the impact of fragility fractures on the work outcomes of employed patients. The majority successfully returned to their previous jobs in a short amount of time, and productivity loss at work was low. Our findings underscore the fast recovery rates of working fragility fracture patients. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to describe the impact of fragility fractures on the work outcomes of patients who were employed at the time of their fracture...
August 5, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Amélie E Arnold, Jennifer K Coffeng, Cécile R L Boot, Allard J van der Beek, Maurits W van Tulder, Dagmar Nieboer, Johanna M van Dongen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal relationship between job satisfaction and total productivity-related costs, and between job satisfaction and absenteeism and presenteeism costs separately. A secondary aim was to explore whether these relationships differed across job types. METHODS: Linear generalized estimating equation analyses were used to explore the longitudinal relationships. To explore whether the relationships differed across job types, stratified analyses were performed...
September 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Hanne Thiart, David Daniel Ebert, Dirk Lehr, Stephanie Nobis, Claudia Buntrock, Matthias Berking, Filip Smit, Heleen Riper
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Lost productivity caused by insomnia is a common and costly problem for employers. Although evidence for the efficacy of Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (iCBT-I) already exists, little is known about its economic effects. This study aims to evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of providing iCBT-I to symptomatic employees from the employer's perspective. METHODS: School teachers (N = 128) with clinically significant insomnia symptoms and work-related rumination were randomized to guided iCBT-I or a waitlist-control-group, both with access to treatment as usual...
October 1, 2016: Sleep
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