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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206830/medical-student-beliefs-about-disclosure-of-mental-health-issues-a-qualitative-study
#1
Peter Winter, Andrew Rix, Andrew Grant
In 2012 the United Kingdom's General Medical Council (GMC) commissioned research to develop guidance for medical schools on how best to support students with mental illness. One of the key findings from medical student focus groups in the study was students' strong belief that medical schools excluded students on mental health grounds. Students believed mental illness was a fitness to practice matter that led to eventual dismissal, although neither personal experience nor empirical evidence supported this belief...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196491/health-related-quality-of-life-work-productivity-and-indirect-costs-among-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-diarrhea
#2
Jessica L Buono, Robyn T Carson, Natalia M Flores
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects 10-15% of adults in the US, and is associated with significant impairment in health-related quality of life (HRQoL); however, information specific to the diarrhea subtype (IBS-D) is lacking. We assessed the impact of IBS-D on HRQoL, work productivity, and daily activities, and the associated indirect costs, among a sample of the US population. METHODS: Respondents (≥18 years) from the 2012 US National Health and Wellness Survey who reported an IBS-D diagnosis by a physician or symptoms consistent with Rome II criteria for IBS-D were identified as having IBS-D...
February 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194126/the-importance-of-team-health-climate-for-health-related-outcomes-of-white-collar-workers
#3
Heiko Schulz, Hannes Zacher, Sonia Lippke
Occupational health researchers and practitioners have mainly focused on the individual and organizational levels, whereas the team level has been largely neglected. In this study, we define team health climate as employees' shared perceptions of the extent to which their team is concerned, cares, and communicates about health issues. Based on climate, signaling, and social exchange theories, we examined a multilevel model of team health climate and its relationships with five well-established health-related outcomes (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183397/impact-of-anxiety-and-or-depressive-disorders-and-chronic-somatic-diseases-on-disability-and-work-impairment
#4
Wicher A Bokma, Neeltje M Batelaan, Anton J L M van Balkom, Brenda W J H Penninx
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and/or Depressive Disorders (ADDs) and Chronic Somatic Diseases (CSDs) are associated with substantial levels of health-related disability and work impairment. However, it is unclear whether comorbid ADDs and CSDs additively affect functional outcomes. This paper examines the impact of ADDs, CSDs, and their comorbidity on disability, work absenteeism and presenteeism. METHODS: Baseline data from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (n=2371) were used...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178725/presenteeism-in-the-new-zealand-senior-medical-workforce-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#5
Charlotte Chambers, Chris Frampton, Murray Barclay
AIM: To estimate rates of presenteeism in the New Zealand senior medical workforce and identify reasons why this workforce feels pressured to work through illness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was returned by 1,806/3,740 publically employed senior doctors and dentists (48%). Relationships between rates of presenteeism, sick leave and demographic factors were explored alongside views on cultural and professional norms. RESULTS: Presenteeism was reported by 88% of respondents...
January 27, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166124/association-between-employee-sleep-with-workplace-health-and-economic-outcomes
#6
Wayne N Burton, Chin-Yu Chen, Alyssa B Schultz, Xingquan Li
OBJECTIVE: Poor sleep can impact occupational functioning. The current study examines health risks, medical conditions, and workplace economic outcomes associated with self-reported hours of sleep among employees. METHODS: Employees of a global financial services corporation were categorized on the basis of their self-reported average hours of sleep. Differences in health care costs, productivity measures, health risks, and medical conditions were analyzed by hours of sleep while controlling for confounding variables...
February 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164399/the-multidimensional-nursing-generations-questionnaire-development-reliability-and-validity-assessments
#7
Simone Stevanin, Valentina Bressan, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Laura Pagani, Piera Poletti, Tarja Kvist
PURPOSE: To develop and perform reliability and validity assessments of the international Multidimensional Nursing Generations Questionnaire. BACKGROUND: There are three generations of nurses in the European workforce. There is little research on the characteristics of these generations and the ways in which to manage them professionally, and no instrument has yet been developed to measure these aspects specifically. METHODS: With results from previous studies, 69 nursing generations-oriented items were created in English, translated into Italian and Finnish, and pretested to form the basis of an instrument that was tested between September and October 2014 on a sample of Finnish and Italian nurses (n = 1302) using principal component analysis and Cronbach's alpha...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143494/evaluation-of-a-new-transmural-trauma-care-model-ttcm-for-the-rehabilitation-of-trauma-patients-a-study-protocol
#8
Suzanne H Wiertsema, Johanna M van Dongen, Edwin Geleijn, Maaike Schothorst, Frank W Bloemers, Vincent de Groot, Raymond W J G Ostelo
BACKGROUND: Improved organization of trauma care in the acute phase has reduced mortality of trauma patients. However, there has been limited attention for the optimal organization of post-clinical rehabilitation of trauma patients. Therefore we developed a Transmural Trauma Care Model (TTCM). This TTCM consists of four equally important components: 1) intake and follow up consultations by a multidisciplinary team consisting of trauma surgeon and hospital based trauma physical therapist, 2) coordination and individual goal setting for each patient by this team, 3) primary care physical therapy by specialized physical therapists organized in a network and 4) E-health support for transmural communication and treatment according to protocols...
January 31, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100258/association-between-work-time-loss-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-herpes-zoster-a-pooled-analysis-of-the-master-studies
#9
Emmanouil Rampakakis, Melissa Stutz, Kosuke Kawai, Tsen-Fang Tsai, Hee Jin Cheong, Jittima Dhitavat, Alejandro Ortiz-Covarrubias, Miguel Cashat-Cruz, Homero Monsanto, Kelly D Johnson, John S Sampalis, Camilo J Acosta
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) has a significant negative effect on the productive work life of individuals, and has been shown to be responsible for cases of absenteeism, presenteeism and decreased work effectiveness. The aim of this study was to evaluate health utility scores and associated predictors in an actively employed population of Herpes Zoster (HZ) patients with and without work time loss (WTL). METHODS: This was a pooled analysis of the prospective, observational MASTER cohort studies, conducted in 8 countries across North America, Latin America and Asia...
January 18, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097760/benefits-of-quitting-smoking-on-work-productivity-and-activity-impairment-in-the-united-states-the-european-union-and-china
#10
Christine L Baker, Natalia M Flores, Kelly H Zou, Marianna Bruno, Vannessa J Harrison
BACKGROUND: Smoking has important health and economic consequences for individuals and society. This study expands the understanding of work-related burden associated with smoking and benefit of smoking cessation across the US, European Union (EU) and China using large-scale, representative survey methodology. METHODS: Data utilised the 2013 National Health and Wellness Survey in United States (US), EU5 (UK, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain) and China. Working-aged respondents 18-64 were used in the analyses (US N=58 500; EU5 N=50 417; China N=17 987) and were categorised into: current smokers, trying to quit, former smokers and never smokers...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013211/effect-of-anti-tnf-and-conventional-synthetic-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drug-treatment-on-work-disability-and-clinical-outcome-in-a-multicentre-observational-cohort-study-of-psoriatic-arthritis
#11
William Tillett, Gavin Shaddick, Amelia Jobling, Ayman Askari, Annie Cooper, Paul Creamer, Gavin Clunie, Philip S Helliwell, Jana James, Lesley Kay, Eleanor Korendowych, Suzanne Lane, Jonathon Packham, Ragai Shaban, Matthew L Thomas, Lyn Williamson, Neil McHugh
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of medical treatment on work disability in patients with active PsA in a real-world setting. METHODS: Four hundred patients with active PsA commencing or switching to anti-TNF or conventional synthetic DMARD (csDMARD) were recruited to a multicentre UK prospective observational cohort study. Work disability was measured using the work productivity and activity-specific health problem instrument and peripheral joint activity was measured with the disease activity in PsA composite measure...
December 24, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004987/determining-the-level-and-cost-of-sickness-presenteeism-among-hospital-staff-in-turkey
#12
Kandemir Aysun, Şahin Bayram
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the associations between sickness presenteeism and socio-demographic factors, perceived health status and health complaints among hospital staff and to calculate the cost burdens and productivity losses attributed to presenteeism. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using 951 hospital staff, including physicians, nurses, midwives, other health personnel and administrative staff working in two hospitals located in Kırıkkale province in Turkey...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002351/associations-between-supportive-leadership-behavior-and-the-costs-of-absenteeism-and-presenteeism-an-epidemiological-and-economic-approach
#13
Johannes Albert Schmid, Marc Nicolas Jarczok, Diana Sonntag, Raphael Manfred Herr, Joachim Ernst Fischer, Burkhard Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates associations between supportive leadership behavior (SLB) and presenteeism/absenteeism, and estimates related costs. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from a German industrial sample (n = 17,060) assessing SLB and presenteeism/absenteeism were used. Adjusted interval regressions were performed. The study population was split into tertiles with respect to SLB, and minimum and maximum costs for each tertile were estimated on the basis of national industry averages...
February 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996105/a-cluster-of-group-a-streptococcal-infections-in-a-skilled-nursing-facility-the-potential-role-of-healthcare-worker-presenteeism
#14
Miwako Kobayashi, Meghan M Lyman, Louise K Francois Watkins, Karrie-Ann Toews, Leon Bullard, Rachel A Radcliffe, Bernard Beall, Gayle Langley, Chris Van Beneden, Nimalie D Stone
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent of a group A streptococcus (GAS) cluster (2 residents with invasive GAS (invasive case-patients), 2 carriers) caused by a single strain (T antigen type 2 and M protein gene subtype 2.0 (T2, emm 2.0)), evaluate factors contributing to transmission, and provide recommendations for disease control. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis and retrospective review. SETTING: Skilled nursing facility (SNF). PARTICIPANTS: SNF residents and staff...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992531/health-related-quality-of-life-impairment-and-indirect-cost-of-crohn-s-disease-a-self-report-study-in-poland
#15
Przemysław Holko, Paweł Kawalec, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Andrzej Pilc
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Evidence on indirect cost of Crohn's disease (CD) is available but typically provides information on the loss of productivity at paid work of patients. In the present study, the quality of life and indirect costs of CD patients were assessed (overall and by disease severity). METHODS: A self-report questionnaire-based study among adult Polish patients with CD was performed. We collected data on patients' characteristics, quality of life, loss of productivity, consumption of medical resources, and out-of-pocket expenses...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986772/increased-capacity-for-work-and-productivity-after-breast-reduction
#16
Isaias Vieira Cabral, Edgard da Silva Garcia, Rebecca Neponucena Sobrinho, Natália Lana Larcher Pinto, Yara Juliano, Joel Veiga-Filho, Lydia Masako Ferreira, Daniela Francescato Veiga
BACKGROUND: Breast hypertrophy is a prevalent condition among women worldwide, which can affect different aspects of their quality of life. The physical and emotional impact of breast hypertrophy may harm daily activities, including work. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of reduction mammaplasty on the ability to work and productivity of women with breast hypertrophy. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with breast hypertrophy, already scheduled for breast reduction, aged 18 to 60 years and who had formal or autonomous employment were prospectively enrolled...
January 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970512/three-methods-for-measuring-productivity-losses-due-to-health-related-presenteeism-in-economic-evaluations
#17
C Shephard, A Hirst, A Buckland, I Vlachaki, J Wang-Silvanto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927025/-whenever-i-can-i-push-myself-to-go-to-work-a-qualitative-study-of-experiences-of-sickness-presenteeism-among-workers-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Paula Holland, Alison M Collins
PURPOSE: UK government policy emphasizes the importance of continuing to work for recovery from poor health, yet sickness presenteeism (going to work whilst ill) is commonly regarded as having negative consequences for organizations and individuals. Our study explores experiences of working after onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic musculoskeletal disorder characterized by high rates of work disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study consisting of in-depth interviews and six-month follow-up with 11 men and women with RA employed at disease onset...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914486/are-organisational-factors-affecting-the-emotional-withdrawal-of-community-nurses
#19
Leila Karimi, Sandra G Leggat, Cindy Cheng, Lisa Donohue, Timothy Bartram, Jodi Oakman
Objective The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of work organisation on the emotional labour withdrawal behaviour of Australian community nurses.Methods Using a paper-based survey, a sample of 312 Australian community nurses reported on their emotional dissonance, withdrawal behaviours (i.e. job neglect, job dissatisfaction, stress-related presenteeism) and work organisation. A model to determine the partial mediation effect of work organisation was developed based on a literature review...
December 5, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902525/going-to-work-while-sick-the-phenomenon-of-sickness-presenteeism
#20
Patti Rager Zuzelo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
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