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Paul J Nicholson
Background: Governments and employers' organizations have sustained focus on common mental disorders (CMD), how they impact a person's ability to gain or continue work, the costs of sickness absence, presenteeism and job loss, and the positive impact of work on wellbeing. Sources of data: Scientific literature, mainly systematic reviews and grey literature, i.e. publications not accessible through medical databases. Areas of agreement: CMD are a major cause of disability, unemployment and dependency on welfare benefits...
April 19, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
Sarah A Hiles, Erin S Harvey, Vanessa M McDonald, Matthew Peters, Philip Bardin, Paul N Reynolds, John W Upham, Melissa Baraket, Zaheerodin Bhikoo, Jeffrey Bowden, Ben Brockway, Li Ping Chung, Belinda Cochrane, Gloria Foxley, Jeffrey Garrett, Mark Hew, Lata Jayaram, Christine Jenkins, Constance Katelaris, Gregory Katsoulotos, Mariko S Koh, Vicky Kritikos, Marina Lambert, David Langton, Alexis Lara Rivero, Guy B Marks, Peter G Middleton, Aldoph Nanguzgambo, Naghmeh Radhakrishna, Helen Reddel, Janet Rimmer, Anne Marie Southcott, Michael Sutherland, Francis Thien, Peter Ab Wark, Ian A Yang, Elaine Yap, Peter G Gibson
BACKGROUND: Severe asthma affects quality of life; however, its impact on workplace productivity is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To compare workplace productivity - absenteeism and presenteeism - and impairment in daily activities in severe and non-severe asthma over time and identify characteristics associated with presenteeism in severe asthma. METHODS: The Severe Asthma Web-based Database (SAWD) is an ongoing observational registry from Australia, New Zealand and Singapore...
April 20, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Désirée van der Heijde, Jürgen Braun, Martin Rudwaleit, Oana Purcaru, Arthur F Kavanaugh
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of certolizumab pegol (CZP) on work and household productivity, and on participation in family, social and leisure activities in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), including ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic (nr-) axSpA. Methods: RAPID-axSpA (NCT01087762) was a phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to week (Wk) 24, dose-blind to Wk48 and open-label to Wk204. A total of 325 patients were randomised 1:1:1 to placebo, CZP 200 mg Q2W or CZP 400 mg Q4W...
2018: RMD Open
Ken Nakata, Toshinaga Tsuji, Jeffrey Vietri, Dena H Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common causes of health and work impairment; however, this relationship, especially in Japan, is not well characterized. This study examined work impairment and OA in Japanese workers, specifically the relationship with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health status. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional observational study included the data of employed adults with a self-reported OA diagnosis from the 2014 Japan National Health and Wellness Survey...
April 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Paweł Kawalec, Ewa Stawowczyk
Introduction: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an idiopathic inflammatory bowel disorder, which requires lifelong treatment. It generates substantial direct and indirect costs, and significantly affects the quality of life, especially in the active state of the disease. Aim: To evaluate the direct and indirect costs of UC as well as to assess disease activity and quality of life reported by patients with UC in Polish settings. Material and methods: A questionnaire, cross-sectional study among UC patients as well as physicians involved in the therapy of the patients was conducted...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Natalie McCormick, Carlo A Marra, Mohsen Sadatsafavi, Jacek A Kopec, J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta
OBJECTIVE: Determine excess productivity losses and costs of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), and Sjogren's syndrome (SjS) at the population level. METHODS: Administrative databases from the province of British Columbia, Canada, were used to establish population-based cohorts of SLE, SSc, and SjS, and matched comparison cohorts selected from the general population. Random samples from these cohorts were surveyed about time absent from paid and unpaid work, and working at reduced levels/efficiency (presenteeism), using validated labour questionnaires...
April 12, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Kristine A Smith, Shaelene Ashby, Richard R Orlandi, Gretchen Oakley, Jeremiah A Alt
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is associated with productivity losses exceeding US$13 billion annually. Although pain is well known to significantly affect patient productivity in other diseases, its economic impact on CRS-related lost productivity has not been examined. The objective of this study was to determine whether CRS-related facial pain correlates with lost productivity in patients with CRS. METHODS: Seventy patients with CRS were enrolled in a cross-sectional investigation...
April 12, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Norio Watanabe, Yutaka Matsuoka, Mie Kumachi, Kei Hamazaki, Masaru Horikoshi, Toshi A Furukawa
The efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids for maintaining a better mental state has not been examined among working populations. We aimed to explore the effectiveness of omega-3 fatty acids for hospital nurses. In a multi-center randomized trial, 80 junior nurses were randomly allocated to either omega-3 fatty acids (1200 mg/day of eicosapentaenoic acid and 600 mg/day of docosahexaenoic acid) or identical placebo pills for 13 weeks. The primary outcome was the total score of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), determined by a blinded rater at week 26 from the study enrolment...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Michael S Blaiss, Eva Hammerby, Susan Robinson, Tessa Kennedy-Martin, Sarah Buchs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the literature regarding the burden of allergic rhinitis (AR) and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (ARC) in adolescents (10-19 years). DATA SOURCES: Searches were performed in MEDLINE, Embase, Health Technology Assessment Database, and National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database for studies evaluating concepts of symptoms, quality of life (QOL), daily activities, sleep, examination performance, school absenteeism and presenteeism, and treatment burden in adolescents with AR or ARC...
April 4, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Jart A F Oosterhaven, Peter A Flach, Ute Bültmann, Marie L A Schuttelaar
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism (attending work despite complaints and ill health, which should prompt rest and absence) has been overlooked in the field of hand eczema. OBJECTIVES: To examine the 1-year prevalence of presenteeism related to hand eczema in a population of hand eczema patients who visited a tertiary referral centre. Secondary objectives: to identify intrinsic/extrinsic reasons for presenteeism and to evaluate associated factors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire study...
April 1, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
Clara Strauss, Jenny Gu, Nikki Pitman, Cavita Chapman, Willem Kuyken, Adrian Whittington
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers experience higher levels of work-related stress and higher rates of sickness absence than workers in other sectors. Psychological approaches have potential in providing healthcare workers with the knowledge and skills to recognise stress and to manage stress effectively. The strongest evidence for effectiveness in reducing stress in the workplace is for stress-management courses based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) principles and mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
April 2, 2018: Trials
Susan Shenoi, Gerd Horneff, Michal Cidon, Athimalaipet V Ramanan, Yukiko Kimura, Pierre Quartier, Ivan Foeldvari, Andrew Zeft, Kathleen G Lomax, Jill Gregson, Tineke Abma, Sarah Campbell-Hill, Jeffrey Weiss, Dony Patel, Nina Marinsek, Nico Wulffraat
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the burden of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and resource use of patients and caregivers (families) on biologic therapy. METHODS: This international study assessed SJIA burden in patients on biologics, using a caregiver questionnaire and retrospective chart review. Validated measures included: Child Health Questionnaire Parent-Form 50 (CHQ-PF50), 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36v2) and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire: Specific Health Problem (WPAI:SHP)...
March 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Jose Eduardo Delfini Cançado, Marcio Penha, Shaloo Gupta, Vicky W Li, Guilherme Silva Julian, Eloisa de Sá Moreira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of asthma on health-related quality of life (QoL), productivity, and use of healthcare resources among adults in Brazil. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2015 Brazil National Health and Wellness Survey, a cross-sectional survey with 12,000 adult respondents. Asthma and control groups were compared with respect to health-related QoL, asthma control, work productivity, and adherence. Generalized linear models were developed to compare asthma-related associations controlling for potential confounding factors...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Marie-Anne S Rosemberg, Yang Li
This study explored the relationship between effort-reward imbalance (ERI) at work and work productivity among hotel housekeepers. A community-based approach was used to recruit 23 hotel housekeepers who completed the ERI and Work Performance Questionnaires. Work productivity was determined by combining self-report absenteeism and presenteeism. More than 40% of the participants reported high ERI (ERI >1). Also, 59.1% reported low work productivity. Interestingly, despite the individualized high reports of ERI and low work productivity, correlation analysis showed that high ERI was correlated with high presenteeism and work productivity as a whole...
March 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Gurjit S Kaeley, Daryl K MacCarter, Janak R Goyal, Shufang Liu, Kun Chen, Jennifer Griffith, Hartmut Kupper, Vishvas Garg, Jasmina Kalabic
INTRODUCTION: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), combination treatment with methotrexate (MTX) and adalimumab is more effective than MTX monotherapy. From the patients' perspective, the impact of reduced MTX doses upon initiating adalimumab is not known. The objective was to evaluate the effects of low and high MTX doses in combination with adalimumab initiation on patient-reported outcomes (PROs), in MTX-inadequate responders (MTX-IR) with moderate-to-severe RA. METHODS: MUSICA was a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of 7...
March 24, 2018: Rheumatology and Therapy
Timo T Beemster, Judith M van Velzen, Coen A M van Bennekom, Michiel F Reneman, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
The purpose of this study was to assess test-retest reliability, agreement, and responsiveness of questionnaires on productivity loss (iPCQ-VR) and healthcare utilization (TiCP-VR) for sick-listed workers with chronic musculoskeletal pain who were referred to vocational rehabilitation. Methods Test-retest reliability and agreement was assessed with a 2-week interval. Responsiveness was assessed at discharge after a 15-week vocational rehabilitation (VR) program. Data was obtained from six Dutch VR centers. Test-retest reliability was determined with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cohen's kappa...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
K K Rai, P Adab, J G Ayres, R E Jordan
Background: Several studies have assessed the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on work ability and work productivity; however, this relationship is poorly understood. Aims: To undertake a systematic review to assess the effects of COPD on employment, absenteeism and presenteeism. Methods: A comprehensive search using CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library was conducted to include epidemiological studies from 1937 to August 2017...
March 8, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Shohei Anno, Yuko Sugioka, Kentaro Inui, Masahiro Tada, Tadashi Okano, Kenji Mamoto, Tatsuya Koike
To evaluate work disability and associated factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who participated in the TOMORROW study, a 10-year cohort study in Japan. Subjects in this cross-sectional analysis comprised 191 RA patients and 191 age- and sex-matched non-RA individuals. Work-related outcomes were measured using the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire by employment status (full-time worker (FTW), employed ≥ 35 h/week; part-time worker (PTW), < 35 h/week; home worker (HW), non-employed)...
March 10, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Kaya Verbooy, Marlies Wagener, Meriam Kaddouri, Pepijn Roelofs, Harald Miedema, Eric van Gorp, Werner Brouwer, Job van Exel
Health problems may cause decreased productivity among working people. It is unclear if this also applies for people living with HIV (PLWH). This cross-sectional study compares data of PLWH of one of the main HIV treatment centres in the Netherlands (n = 298) to data of the general working population from a previously conducted study (n = 986). We investigate whether productivity at work differs between these groups. The questionnaires used in these studies contained a core of identical questions regarding productivity losses, in the form of absenteeism and presenteeism, over a four-week period and a variety of baseline characteristics, including health status measured with EQ-5D...
March 7, 2018: AIDS Care
Carlos Eduardo Salazar-Mejía, Dionicio Ángel Galarza-Delgado, Iris Jazmín Colunga-Pedraza, José Ramón Azpiri-López, Martín Wah-Suárez, Blanca Otilia Wimer-Castillo, Laura Leticia Salazar-Sepúlveda
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the relationship between the ability to perform productive activities and the clinical characteristics of RA, such as disease activity, quality of life, functional capacity, workload, pharmacotherapy, and comorbidities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational and descriptive study was conducted. Patients aged 18-75years with a diagnosis of RA according to ACR/EULAR 2010 criteria who attended regularly to the Rheumatology service in the period between January and March 2017 were included...
March 1, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
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