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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048337/paid-sick-leave-and-risks-of-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-among-adult-workers-in-the-usa
#1
Daniel Kim
Background: The USA is one of only a few advanced economies globally that does not guarantee its workers paid sick leave. While there are plausible reasons why paid sick leave may be linked to mortality, little is known empirically about this association. Methods: In a pooled USA nationally-representative longitudinal sample of 57,323 working adults aged 18-85 years from the National Health Interview Surveys 2000-2002, paid sick leave was examined as a predictor of all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the impact of paid sick leave on mortality...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988261/the-sickness-of-stigmas
#2
EDITORIAL
Bronwen J Ackermann
In modern medicine, approaches to healthcare no longer only encompass injury management, but increasingly focus on understanding the performance demands and health risk exposures faced by performing artists. Quantitative and qualitative scientific and health analyses by performing artists, clinicians, educators, and researchers are increasingly helping us to develop effective, targeted, and relevant health promotion and performance optimisation strategies worldwide. While such research increasingly identifies improved methods of preventing and managing potential psychological, audiological, or physical challenges faced by performing artists, we still need to work hard to address very important barriers to implementing appropriate health approaches...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982815/return-to-work-intervention-versus-usual-care-for-sick-listed-employees-health-economic-investment-appraisal-alongside-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#3
Suzanne Lokman, Danielle Volker, Moniek C Zijlstra-Vlasveld, Evelien Pm Brouwers, Brigitte Boon, Aartjan Tf Beekman, Filip Smit, Christina M Van der Feltz-Cornelis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the health-economic costs and benefits of a guided eHealth intervention (E-health module embedded in Collaborative Occupational healthcare (ECO)) encouraging sick-listed employees to a faster return to work. DESIGN: A two-armed cluster randomised trial with occupational physicians (OPs) (n=62), clustered and randomised by region into an experimental and a control group, to conduct a health-economic investment appraisal. Online self-reported data were collected from employees at baseline, after 3, 6, 9 and 12 months...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964686/the-use-and-misuse-of-moral-distress-in-neonatology
#4
REVIEW
Trisha M Prentice, Lynn Gillam, Peter G Davis, Annie Janvier
The neonatal intensive care unit is recognized as a stressful environment; the nature of caring for sick babies with uncertain outcomes and the need to make difficult decisions results in a work place where moral distress is prevalent. According to the prevailing definition, moral distress occurs when the provider believes that what is "done" is not the right course of action, with an element of constraint: the provider has no choice but to act this way. This can lead to adverse outcomes, including burnout and a change of career...
September 27, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904997/development-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-is-linked-to-a-longitudinal-restructuring-of-the-gut-metagenome-in-mice
#5
Thomas Sharpton, Svetlana Lyalina, Julie Luong, Joey Pham, Emily M Deal, Courtney Armour, Christopher Gaulke, Shomyseh Sanjabi, Katherine S Pollard
The gut microbiome is linked to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) severity and altered in late-stage disease. However, it is unclear how gut microbial communities change over the course of IBD development, especially in regard to function. To investigate microbiome-mediated disease mechanisms and discover early biomarkers of IBD, we conducted a longitudinal metagenomic investigation in an established mouse model of IBD, where damped transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling in T cells leads to peripheral immune activation, weight loss, and severe colitis...
September 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858040/microbial-contamination-on-touch-surfaces-in-sick-and-well-child-waiting-rooms-in-pediatric-outpatient-facilities
#6
Irina Gudakova, JinYoung Kim, Jennifer F Meredith, Ginny Webb
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections are a significant public health burden resulting in approximately 1.7 million infections each year. Much work is done to study the contributing factors in inpatient settings; however, little has been done to study outpatient facilities and their roles in healthcare-associated infections. While many pediatric outpatient offices utilize separated waiting areas for sick and well children to decrease the spread of disease, research has not been done to determine whether this practice is of benefit...
August 26, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853368/-vaccination-can-protect-everyone
#7
(no author information available yet)
Leony Davies qualified as an RGN from the University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, in 1994. She then qualified as a registered sick children's nurse (RSCN) and specialist community public health nurse while working as a children's nurse and school nurse. Since 2010, she has been employed by Public Health Wales as a specialist nurse in immunisation with the Vaccine Preventable Disease Programme, and is studying for her master's degree in public health and health promotion at Swansea University.
August 30, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836120/return-to-work-in-employees-on-sick-leave-due-to-neck-or-shoulder-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-multidisciplinary-and-brief-intervention-with-one-year-register-based-follow-up
#8
Line Thorndal Moll, Ole Kudsk Jensen, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, David Høyrup Christiansen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Merete Labriola
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary intervention (MDI) compared to a brief intervention (BI) with respect to return to work (RTW), pain and disability in workers on sick leave because of neck or shoulder pain. Methods 168 study participants with sickness absence for 4-16 weeks due to neck or shoulder pain were enrolled in a hospital-based clinical study and randomized to either MDI or BI. The primary outcome was RTW obtained by a national registry on public transfer payments...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835112/a-framework-to-create-more-mentally-healthy-workplaces-a-viewpoint
#9
Katherine Petrie, Sadhbh Joyce, Leona Tan, Max Henderson, Anya Johnson, Helena Nguyen, Matthew Modini, Markus Groth, Nicholas Glozier, Samuel B Harvey
Mental illness is now the leading cause of long-term sickness absence among Australian workers, with significant costs to the individual, their employers and society more broadly. However, to date, there has been little evidence-informed guidance as to what workplaces should be doing to enhance their employees' mental health and wellbeing. In this article, we present a framework outlining the key strategies employers can implement to create more mentally healthy workplaces. The five key strategies outlined are as follows: (1) designing work to minimise harm, (2) building organisational resilience through good management, (3) enhancing personal resilience, (4) promoting early help-seeking and (5) supporting recovery and return to work...
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833648/the-impact-of-atopic-dermatitis-on-work-life-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
L B Nørreslet, N E Ebbehøj, J P Ellekilde Bonde, S F Thomsen, T Agner
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) has considerable multidimensional personal and societal costs. However, the extent to which the patient's work life is affected due to AD is more sparsely described in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact on work life for patients with AD, with a specific focus on choice of education and occupation, sick leave, social compensations and change of job due to AD. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science up to 7(th) February 2017 for articles on the impact on work life for patients with atopic dermatitis...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808752/return-to-work-and-work-related-disability-among-aml-survivors
#11
Osai Samadi, Henriette Breunis, Joanna Sandoval, Kosalan Akilan, Narhari Timilshina, Shabbir M H Alibhai
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive, acute-onset hematological malignancy. Greater use of intensive chemotherapy (IC), supportive care, and stem cell transplantation have led to an increasing number of long-term survivors. Few studies have examined employment issues among AML survivors and to our knowledge, no study has examined the long-term effects of treatment on return to work. This study is the first to utilize a validated measure of work-related limitation and productivity (WLQ-16) to assess the long-term effects of AML treatment on employment rates, work-related limitations, and overall productivity...
August 14, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795227/decrease-in-work-ability-index-and-sickness-absence-during-the-following-year-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#12
Masanori Ohta, Yoshiyuki Higuchi, Masaharu Kumashiro, Hiroshi Yamato, Hisamichi Sugimura
PURPOSE: Using a 2-year follow-up design, we examined whether changes in work ability during 1 year predicted sickness absence in the following year. METHODS: Workers (N = 1408) from the Japanese information technology sector each completed the Work Ability Index (WAI), the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) in 2011 and 2012. Absence data during 2013 was obtained from employees' computerized attendance records. We used psychological distress as evaluated by the GHQ; job stress and job support calculated using the BJSQ; and job title, sex, and age as potential confounding variables...
November 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774942/on-farm-euthanasia-practices-and-attitudes-of-commercial-meat-rabbit-producers
#13
Jessica Walsh, Aaron Percival, Brian Tapscott, Patricia V Turner
Appropriate and timely on-farm euthanasia is the responsibility of the producer, working together with their herd veterinarian. Unfortunately, validated methods for euthanasia of commercial meat rabbits are lacking and there are few educational materials available for producer training. Because euthanasia must be performed in a timely fashion to minimise suffering, it is critical to ensure that methods used are aesthetic, humane and effective. We surveyed Canadian meat rabbit producers for current on-farm euthanasia practices as well as attitudes towards the methods they employed and thoughts on novel euthanasia techniques...
September 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756415/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-return-to-work-intervention-for-patients-on-sick-leave-due-to-common-mental-disorders-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Sigrid Salomonsson, Fredrik Santoft, Elin Lindsäter, Kersti Ejeby, Brjánn Ljótsson, Lars-Göran Öst, Martin Ingvar, Mats Lekander, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
OBJECTIVES: Common mental disorders (CMDs) cause great individual suffering and long-term sick leave. Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) effectively treats CMDs, but sick leave is not reduced to the same extent as psychiatric symptoms. Research results regarding return-to-work interventions (RTW-Is) and their effect on sick leave are inconclusive. The aim of this study was to evaluate CBT, a RTW-I and combined CBT and RTW-I (COMBO) for primary care patients on sick leave due to CMDs...
July 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745166/register-suspension-for-sickness-scam
#15
(no author information available yet)
A nurse team leader whose role included investigating sick leave was suspended from the register for claiming sick pay while working.
July 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735718/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-work-anxiety-in-medical-rehabilitation-patients-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#16
Beate Muschalla, Michael Jöbges
OBJECTIVE: To investigate frequency, type and characteristics of work-anxieties in somatic rehabilitation inpatients. Work-anxieties are serious disorders which affect occupational functioning and often go along with long-term sick leave. Somatic patients may suffer from work-related participation problems due to their chronic health condition. Work-anxieties need specific diagnostic and treatment. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional observation study. SETTING: We investigated inpatients from a neurological, orthopedic and cardiologic rehabilitation clinic...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721812/update-on-phototherapy-in-jaundiced-neonates
#17
Finn Ebbesen, Thor Willy Ruud Hansen, M Jeffrey Maisels
BACKGROUND: Even relatively low serum bilirubin concentrations can cause neurodevelopmental impairment in extremely low birth weight (EBWL) infants, while sequelae from hyperbilirubinemia in late preterm and term infants are rare and occur only at very high serum bilirubin lev-els. Phototherapy is the current treatment of choice. OBJECTIVE: To present an update on the most important issues involved in phototherapy for jaundiced infants. RESULTS: Light absorption by bilirubin in the skin transforms the native Z,Z-bilirubin to conformational photoisomers Z,E-bilirubin and E,Z-bilirubin and structural photoisomers E,Z-lumirubin and E,E-lumirubin...
July 18, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713431/an-unexpected-cause-of-bradycardia-in-a-patient-with-bacterial-meningitis
#18
Petros Ioannou, Magdalini Velegraki, Stella Soundoulounaki, Achilleas Gikas, Diamantis P Kofteridis
Sinus bradycardia which is a sinus rhythm with a resting heart rate of less than 60 bpm is caused by intrinsic cardiac disorders like sick sinus syndrome or inferior myocardial infarction, metabolic and environmental causes (such as hypothyroidism and electrolyte disorders), medications (such as beta-blockers and amiodarone), infection (such as myocarditis), increased intracranial pressure, and toxic exposure, while it can sometimes be a normal phenomenon, especially during sleep, in athletes, and during pregnancy...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641682/health-effects-of-airline-cabin-environments-in-simulated-8-hour-flights
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Commercial air travel is usually without health incidents. However, there is a view that cabin environments may be detrimental to health, especially flights of 8 h or more. Concerns have been raised about deep vein thrombosis, upper respiratory tract infections, altitude sickness, and toxins from the engines. METHODS: Passenger cabin simulators were used to achieve a comparative observational study with 8-h flights at pressures equivalent to terrestrial altitudes of ground, 4000, 6000, and 8000 ft...
July 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637290/a-bright-side-to-the-work-family-interface-husbands-support-as-a-resource-in-double-and-triple-duty-caregiving-wives-work-lives
#20
Nicole DePasquale, Courtney A Polenick, Kelly D Davis, Lisa F Berkman, Thomas D Cabot
Purpose of the Study: This study examined how women who combine long-term care employment with unpaid, informal caregiving roles for children (double-duty-child caregivers), older adults (double-duty-elder caregivers), and both children and older adults (triple-duty caregivers) differed from their workplace-only caregiving counterparts on workplace factors related to job retention (i.e., job satisfaction and turnover intentions) and performance (i.e., perceived obligation to work while sick and emotional exhaustion)...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
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