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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544338/alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-unemployment-sickness-absence-and-disability-pension-in-denmark-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Maja Baeksgaard Jørgensen, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ulrik Becker, Janne S Tolstrup
AIMS: We investigated the association between weekly alcohol consumption and binge drinking and the risk of unemployment, sickness absence and disability pension. DESIGN: Prospective register-based cohort study SETTING: Denmark PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 17,690 men and women, aged 18 to 60 years, from the Danish Health and Morbidity Survey in 2000, 2005 and 2010 participated in the study. Participants worked the entire year prior to baseline. MEASUREMENTS: Administrative registers were used to obtain information on unemployment, sickness absence and disability pension during a 5-year follow-up period...
May 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526310/working-with-influenza-like-illness-presenteeism-among-us-health-care-personnel-during-the-2014-2015-influenza-season
#2
Sophia Chiu, Carla L Black, Xin Yue, Stacie M Greby, A Scott Laney, Angela P Campbell, Marie A de Perio
BACKGROUND: Health care personnel (HCP) working while experiencing influenza-like illness (ILI) contribute to influenza transmission in health care settings. Studies focused on certain HCP occupations or work settings have demonstrated that some HCP often continue to work while ill. METHODS: Using a national nonprobability Internet panel survey of 1,914 HCP during the 2014-2015 influenza season, we calculated the frequency of working with self-reported ILI (ie, fever and cough or sore throat) and examined reasons for working with ILI by occupation and work setting...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508460/treatment-patterns-and-outcomes-of-stage-iiib-iiic-melanoma-in-france-germany-and-the-uk-a-retrospective-and-prospective-observational-study-melabis
#3
Mark Harries, Peter Mohr, Florent Grange, Rainer Ehness, Laure Benjamin, Obukohwo Siakpere, Janina Barth, Ceilidh Stapelkamp, Sylvie Pfersch, Lori McLeod, Sorrel Wolowacz, James A Kaye, Ilias Kontoudis
AIM: Real-world data on treatment patterns/outcomes in patients with advanced melanoma, while scarce, are useful for health technology assessments that govern patient access in many countries. We collected retrospective data on treatment patterns among patients in France, Germany and the UK with Stage IIIB/IIIC melanoma with macroscopic lymph node involvement, whose primary melanoma and regional lymph node metastases had been completely resected. METHODS: Patients ≥18 years were diagnosed between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2011...
May 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495250/austerity-and-its-implications-for-immigrant-health-in-france
#4
Carolyn Sargent, Laurence Kotobi
The ongoing economic crisis in France increasingly has affected immigrant rights, including access to health care. Consistent with a 2014 League Against Cancer survey, we identify the ways in which sickness produces a "double penalty" for immigrants with serious illness. Immigrants with chronic illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, and other debilitating conditions divert vital funds from daily needs to deal with sickness and loss of work while at the same time national austerity measures shred the state's traditional safety net of social services and support...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493466/-it-s-fast-it-s-quick-it-stops-me-being-sick-how-to-influence-preparation-of-opioid-tablets-for-injection
#5
Lise Lafferty, Carla Treloar, Nick van Breda, Maureen Steele, Sarah Hiley, Ian Flaherty, Allison Salmon
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Injection of pharmaceutical opioids (PO) among people who inject drugs has increased in many countries. The common method for preparing PO tablets for injection uses heat, resulting in greater particulate matter and therefore increased risk of local infection risk and damage to veins and organs. A cold preparation process has fewer risks, but this preparation method is not commonly used. This study seeks to explore how people who inject PO learn to prepare injections and how health promotion efforts could influence practice...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472741/working-fulltime-throughout-pregnancy-the-norwegian-women-s-perspectives-a-qualitative-approach
#6
Siv-Tonje Selboe, Ann-Karin Skogås
OBJECTIVE: the purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of aspects that influence healthy women's ability to work fulltime throughout the pregnancy, considering women's experiences and individual perspectives, as well as understanding health resources available to them. DESIGN/SETTING: a qualitative approach was selected for the data collection, and the data presented is derived from in-depth interviews. Ten pregnant Norwegian women with uncomplicated pregnancies, aged 24-40, working fulltime throughout their pregnancies with no sick leave, were interviewed during pregnancy week 37-39...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440572/feasibility-of-a-multidisciplinary-intervention-to-help-cancer-patients-return-to-work
#7
M C J Leensen, I F Groeneveld, T Rejda, P Groenenboom, S van Berkel, T Brandon, A G E M de Boer, M H W Frings-Dresen
This study evaluates feasibility of a multidisciplinary intervention combining occupational counselling with physical exercise to enhance cancer patients' return to work, assesses whether care providers and patients were satisfied with the intervention, and describes barriers to and facilitators of execution. Newly diagnosed cancer patients, treated with chemotherapy and on sick leave from (self-)employment participated. Patients received counselling from an oncological occupational physician (OOP), were assessed by a sports physician, and performed a 12-week training programme supervised by physiotherapists...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415099/p594contrast-transthoracic-echocardiography-as-a-gatekeeper-for-patent-foramen-ovale-closure
#8
M Muratori, G Italiano, E Innocenti, L Fusini, M Mapelli, G Tamborini, S Ghulam Ali, P Gripari, A Maltagliati, F Celeste, M Pepi
Background.: The presence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been linked to many illness, including cryptogenic stroke, transient ischemic attack, migraine, platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome and decompression sickness in scuba divers. Transesophageal echocardiography is the gold standard technique for the visualization of atrial septal anatomy, but it is a secondary level exam, not always available, with additional associated costs and not completely free from procedural risks. Standard transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has a too low sensitivity for PFO screening...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378268/carbon-dioxide-poisoning-a-literature-review-of-an-often-forgotten-cause-of-intoxication-in-the-emergency-department
#9
REVIEW
Kris Permentier, Steven Vercammen, Sylvia Soetaert, Christian Schellemans
The goal of this article was to provide an overview of the literature available on carbon dioxide intoxication. Articles were included based on their focus on medical or physiological effects of carbon dioxide. Studies related to decompression sickness were excluded. Mechanisms of carbon dioxide poising (both as an asphyxiant and as a toxicant) were described. Our review suggested that precautions are needed when handling dry ice or while working in confined spaces. Pre-hospital responders also need to pay attention for the possible diagnosis of CO2 intoxication for their own safety...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370590/normative-data-on-the-diurnal-pattern-of-the-karolinska-sleepiness-scale-ratings-and-its-relation-to-age-sex-work-stress-sleep-quality-and-sickness-absence-illness-in-a-large-sample-of-daytime-workers
#10
Torbjorn Åkerstedt, David Hallvig, Göran Kecklund
Self-rated sleepiness responds to sleep loss, time of day and work schedules. There is, however, a lack of a normative reference showing the diurnal pattern during a normal working day, compared with a day off, as well as differences depending on stress, sleep quality, sex, age and being sick listed. The present study sought to provide such data for the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale. Participants were 431 individuals working in medium-sized public service units. Sleepiness (Karolinska Sleepiness Scale, scale 1-9) was rated at six times a day for a working week and 2 days off (>90...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343794/sickness-presenteeism-among-health-care-providers-in-an-academic-tertiary-care-center-in-riyadh
#11
Mohammed Al Nuhait, Khaled Al Harbi, Amjad Al Jarboa, Rami Bustami, Shmaylan Alharbi, Abdulkareem Albekairy, Hind Almodaimegh
The term sickness presenteeism (SP) has been described as the act of going to work despite having a state of health that may be regarded as poor enough to justify sick leave. SP has been observed to be prevalent among three-quarters of health care providers (HCPs). Working while sick not only puts patients at risk but also decreases productivity and increases the probability of medical errors. Moreover, SP has been identified as a risk factor for many negative health outcomes among the HCPs themselves, such as depression, burnout, and serious cardiac events...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293145/nursing-home-nurses-and-community-dwelling-older-adults-reported-knowledge-attitudes-and-behavior-toward-antibiotic-use
#12
Christine E Kistler, Anna Beeber, Sylvia Becker-Dreps, Kimberly Ward, Megan Meade, Brittany Ross, Philip D Sloane
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic overuse causes antibiotic resistance, one of the most important threats to human health. Older adults, particularly those in nursing homes, often receive antibiotics when they are not indicated. METHODS: To understand knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of nursing home (NH) nurses and community-dwelling older adults towards antibiotic use, especially in clinical situations consistent with antibiotic overuse, we conducted a mixed-method survey in two NHs and one Family Medicine clinic in North Carolina, among English-speaking nurses and community-dwelling, cognitively intact adults aged 65 years or older...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273232/brazilian-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-return-to-work-self-efficacy-questionnaire
#13
João Silvestre Silva, Rosane Härter Griep, Suzanne E Lagerveld, Frida Marina Fischer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the translation and early stages of cross-cultural adaptation of the questionnaire Verwachtingen over werken (or "Return-to-work self-efficacy") for workers in sick leave due to mental disorders, from the original in Dutch to the Brazilian Portuguese language. METHODS: A panel gathering experts was formed to determine the questionnaire conceptual and item equivalence. For semantic equivalence, the Dutch-Portuguese Brazilian translations were consolidated and consensus meetings were held to structure versions of the instrument...
March 2, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255304/hard-physical-work-intensifies-the-occupational-consequence-of-physician-diagnosed-back-disorder-prospective-cohort-study-with-register-follow-up-among-10-000-workers
#14
Emil Sundstrup, Lars Louis Andersen
While musculoskeletal pain is common in the population, less is known about its labor market consequences in relation to physical activity at work. This study investigates whether hard physical work aggravates the consequences of back disorder. Using Cox regression analyses, we estimated the joint association of physical activity at work and physician-diagnosed back disorder in 2010 with the risk of register-based long-term sickness absence (LTSA) of at least 6 consecutive weeks during 2011-2012 among 9,544 employees from the general working population (Danish Work Environment Cohort Study)...
2017: International Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209429/nurses-experiences-of-what-constitutes-the-encounter-with-children-visiting-a-sick-parent-at-an-adult-icu
#15
Susanne Knutsson, Karin Enskär, Marie Golsäter
BACKGROUND: Despite a cultural change in visitation policies for children (0-17 years) at the intensive care unit (ICU) to a more open approach, children are still restricted from visiting for various reasons. To overcome these obstacles, it is vital to determine what is needed while encountering a child. AIM: To elucidate nurses' experiences of what constitutes the encounter with children visiting a sick parent at an adult ICU. METHOD: An explorative inductive qualitative design was used, entailing focus group interviews with 23 nurses working at a general ICU...
April 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166924/-lifestyle-recommendations-for-prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-asymptomatic-pregnant-women
#16
E Maisonneuve
OBJECTIVES: To establish recommendations for lifestyle of pregnant women and its impact on spontaneous preterm births. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched Pubmed and Cochrane databases and checked reference lists of retrieved studies. This review of the literature concerns only women who have no symptoms for the ongoing pregnancy. RESULTS: Concerning maternal occupation during pregnancy, there is a mild increase of the risk of preterm birth only for women who work more than 40hours a week or who have hard working conditions according to a fatigue score (LE2)...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157587/health-and-work-in-the-family-evidence-from-spouses-cancer-diagnoses
#17
Sung-Hee Jeon, R Vincent Pohl
Using Canadian administrative data from multiple sources, we provide the first nationally representative estimates for the effect of spouses' cancer diagnoses on individuals' employment and earnings and on family income. Our identification strategy exploits unexpected health shocks and combines matching with individual fixed effects in a generalized difference-in-differences framework to control for observable and unobservable heterogeneity. While the effect of spousal health shocks on labor supply is theoretically ambiguous, we find strong evidence for a decline in employment and earnings of individuals whose spouses are diagnosed with cancer...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068957/psychological-social-and-mechanical-work-exposures-and-disability-retirement-a-prospective-registry-study
#18
Jan S Emberland, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Stein Knardahl
BACKGROUND: Relations between several occupational psychological and social factors and disability retirement remain largely unexplored. Knowledge of which specific aspects of the work environment that affect risk of disability is a prerequisite for the success of organizational interventions aiming to prevent premature work force exit. The objective of the present study was to determine contributions to registered disability retirement by a broad range of psychological and social work exposures while taking into account effects of mechanical exposure...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062832/frailty-prefrailty-and-employment-outcomes-in-health-and-employment-after-fifty-heaf-study
#19
Keith T Palmer, Stefania D'Angelo, E Clare Harris, Cathy Linaker, Catharine R Gale, Maria Evandrou, Holly Syddall, Tjeerd van Staa, Cyrus Cooper, Avan Aihie Sayer, David Coggon, Karen Walker-Bone
OBJECTIVES: Demographic changes are requiring people to work longer. No previous studies, however, have focused on whether the 'frailty' phenotype (which predicts adverse events in the elderly) is associated with employment difficulties. To provide information, we assessed associations in the Health and Employment After Fifty Study, a population-based cohort of 50-65-year olds. METHODS: Subjects, who were recruited from 24 English general practices, completed a baseline questionnaire on 'prefrailty' and 'frailty' (adapted Fried criteria) and several work outcomes, including health-related job loss (HRJL), prolonged sickness absence (>20 days vs less, past 12 months), having to cut down substantially at work and difficulty coping with work's demands...
January 6, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004031/caregiving-and-mental-health-among-workers-longitudinal-evidence-from-a-large-cohort-of-adults-in-thailand
#20
Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Liana Leach, Janneke Berecki-Gisolf, Hal Kendig, David Harley, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian C Sleigh
BACKGROUND: As people in middle and lower income countries live longer, more people become sick, disabled, and frail and the demand for family caregiving grows. Thailand faces such challenges. This study investigates the relationship between caregiving and mental health among workers drawn from a large longitudinal cohort of Thai adults. METHODS: Participants were drawn from the Thai Health-Risk Transition Study, a cohort study since 2005 of distance-learning adult Open University students residing nationwide...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
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