Read by QxMD icon Read

Work while sick

Shiromani Janki, Evalyn E A P Mulder, Jan N M IJzermans, T C Khe Tran
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of minimally invasive surgery, surgeons appear to be experiencing more occupational musculoskeletal injuries. The aim of this study is to investigate the current frequency and effects of occupational musculoskeletal injuries on work absence. METHODS: An online questionnaire was conducted among all surgeons affiliated to the Dutch Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery, and Surgical Oncology. In addition, this survey was conducted among surgeons, gynaecologists, and urologists of one cluster of training hospitals in the Netherlands...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Fay Giæver, Signe Lohmann-Lafrenz, Lise Tevik Løvseth
BACKGROUND: Recurrent reports from national and international studies show a persistent high prevalence of sickness presence among hospital physicians. Despite the negative consequences reported, we do not know a lot about the reasons why physicians choose to work when ill, and whether there may be some positive correlates of this behaviour that in turn may lead to the design of appropriate interventions. The aim of this study is to explore the perception and experience with sickness presenteeism among hospital physicians, and to explore possible positive and negative foundations and consequences associated with sickness presence...
October 5, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Kokui Elikplim Pomevor, Augustine Adomah-Afari
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess available human resources for neonatal care and their skills, in order to explore health providers' perceptions of quality of neonatal care in health facilities in Ghana. Design/methodology/approach Data were gathered using qualitative interviews with health providers working in the maternity and paediatric wards and midwives; direct observation; and documentary review at a regional hospital, a municipal hospital and four health centres in a municipality in a region in Southern Ghana...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Marie Gustafsson Sendén, Karin Schenck-Gustafsson, Ann Fridner
BACKGROUND: It is common that physicians go to work while sick and therefore it is important to understand the reasons behind. Previous research has shown that women and men differ in health and health related behavior. In this study, we examine gender differences among general practitioners who work while sick. METHODS: General practitioners (GP's) working in outpatient care in a Swedish city participated in the study (n = 283; women = 63 %; response rate = 41 %)...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Angelo Compare, Paolo Marchettini, Cristina Zarbo
Background. Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common health problems worldwide. Purpose. To investigate the link between baseline demographic and occupational, medical, and lifestyle data with following psychological and occupational outcomes in a large sample of employees with LBP over a 3-year period. Study Design. Three-year prospective cohort study. Methods. Italian-speaking employees (N = 4492) with a diagnosis of LBP were included. Screening at Time 1 was done in order to collect information about severity and classification of LBP, demographic, lifestyle, and occupational status data...
2016: Pain Research and Treatment
Yun-Sik Cho, Jae Bum Park, Kyung-Jong Lee, Kyoung-Bok Min, Chul-In Baek
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism, a concept that has recently undergone active study, is the act of attending work while sick. This study investigates the association between presenteeism and various psychosocial factors within workplaces. METHODS: This study analyzed 29246 wage earners from the third Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS, 2011) data using the logistic regression analysis to investigate the association between presenteeism and various psychosocial factors within workplaces...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Silke Neuderth, Betje Schwarz, Christian Gerlich, Michael Schuler, Miriam Markus, Matthias Bethge
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are one of the most important causes of work disability. Various rehabilitation services and return-to-work programs have been developed in order to reduce sickness absence and increase sustainable return-to-work. As the effects of conventional medical rehabilitation programs on sickness absence duration were shown to be slight, work-related medical rehabilitation programs have been developed and tested. While such studies proved the efficacy of work-related medical rehabilitation compared with conventional medical rehabilitation in well-conducted randomized controlled trials, its effectiveness under real-life conditions has yet to be proved...
2016: BMC Public Health
Jill Russell, Lee Berney, Stephen Stansfeld, Doris Lanz, Sally Kerry, Tarani Chandola, Kamaldeep Bhui
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing popularity of mixed-methods studies and considerable emphasis on the potential value of qualitative research to the trial endeavour, there remains a dearth of published studies reporting on actual contribution. This paper presents a critically reflective account of our experience of the actual value of undertaking qualitative research alongside a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of a guided e-learning intervention for managers in an NHS Mental Health Trust to improve employee wellbeing and reduce sickness absence...
2016: Trials
Erik L Werner, Suzanne L Merkus, Silje Mæland, Maud Jourdain, Frederieke Schaafsma, Jean Paul Canevet, Kristel H N Weerdesteijn, Cédric Rat, Johannes R Anema
OBJECTIVES: A comparison of appraisals made by general practitioners (GPs) in France and occupational physicians (OPs) and insurance physicians (IPs) in the Netherlands with those made by Scandinavian GPs on work capacity in patients with severe subjective health complaints (SHCs). SETTING: GPs in France and OPs/IPs in the Netherlands gathered to watch nine authentic video recordings from a Norwegian general practice. PARTICIPANTS: 46 GPs in France and 93 OPs/IPs in the Netherlands were invited to a 1-day course on SHC...
2016: BMJ Open
Graham Boniface, Sudip Ghosh, Lisa Robinson
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders significantly contribute to staff sickness and absence in the NHS. District nurses are especially at risk because patient handling tasks are often carried out outside a clinical environment. STUDY AIM: To explore district nurses' lived experience of musculoskeletal wellbeing. STUDY DESIGN: An exploratory qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with a purposeful sample of seven district nurses...
July 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
Ja Young Kim, Joohee Lee, Carles Muntaner, Seung-Sup Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine whether nonstandard employment is associated with presenteeism as well as absenteeism among full-time employees in South Korea. METHODS: We analyzed a cross-sectional survey of 26,611 full-time employees from the third wave of the Korean Working Conditions Survey in 2011. Experience of absenteeism and presenteeism during the past 12 months was assessed through self-reports. Employment condition was classified into six categories based on two contract types (parent firm and subcontract) and three contract durations [permanent (≥1 year, no fixed term), long term (≥1 year, fixed term), and short term (<1 year, fixed term)]...
October 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Marina Taloyan, Göran Kecklund, Licia Thörn, Linnea Kjeldgård, Hugo Westerlund, Pia Svedberg, Kristina Alexanderson
BACKGROUND: Sickness presence (SP) is a complex phenomenon that has been shown to predict sickness absence, poor work performance, and suboptimal self-rated health. However, more research is needed to increase the understanding of how SP relates to occupational factors, demographic variables, and self-rated health. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate (1) the prevalence of SP among the Police employees in Sweden in 2007 and in 2010; (2) the association between demographics, seniority, occupational group (police officer vs civil servant), and self-reported health on the one hand and SP on the other hand for both years separately...
June 23, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Aiste Pranckeviciene, Arimantas Tamasauskas, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva, Adomas Bunevicius
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate prevalence and severity of professional burnout in a sample of Lithuanian neurosurgeons and to analyze its personal, interpersonal, and organizational correlates. METHOD: Thirty-one out of 79 (response rate 39 %) Lithuanian neurosurgeons participated in the study. Professional burnout was evaluated using the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey. Participants also answered questions about professional stressors, sources of professional dissatisfaction, life-style factors, sickness absenteeism/presenteeism, and professional practice...
August 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Victoria Koski-Karell, Paul E Farmer, Benito Isaac, Elizabeth M Campa, Loune Viaud, Paul C Namphy, Ralph Ternier, Louise C Ivers
Since the beginning of the cholera epidemic in Haiti 5 years ago, the prevalence of this deadly water-borne disease has fallen far below the initial rates registered during its explosive outset. However, cholera continues to cause extensive suffering and needless deaths across the country, particularly among the poor. The urgent need to eliminate transmission of cholera persists: compared to the same period in 2014, the first 4 months of 2015 saw three times the number of cholera cases. Drawing upon epidemiology, clinical work (and clinical knowledge), policy, ecology, and political economy, and informed by ethnographic data collected in a rural area of Haiti called Bocozel, this paper evaluates the progress of the nation's 10-year Plan for the Elimination of Cholera...
2016: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
Emma Cowen
WHILE I don't imagine anyone in any line of work feels happy about calling in sick, I have never known anyone experience the same level of guilt about it as nurses.
June 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Jenny Linek, Pierre Pfütsch
This essay takes a closer look at the shared traditions as well as separate developments in health education in both German states, based on the circulated gender images. Health education is a rewarding field of investigation because its materials not only convey information on the prevention of sickness or the cultivation of healthy lifestyles; they also--implicitly or explicitly--carry social key messages such as ideas regarding femininities and masculinities or the tasks and functions allocated to women and men within and outside the family...
2016: Medizin, Gesellschaft, und Geschichte
Guillermo Murcia López, Jordi Delclós Clanchet, Mònica Ubalde López, Eva Calvo Bonacho, Fernando G Benavides
The global economic crisis has had particularly intense effects on the Spanish labor market. We investigated whether the duration of non-work related sickness absence (SA) episodes in salaried workers had experienced any changes before and after the crisis started. This was a repeated cross-sectional analysis conducted in a dynamic cohort in 2006 and 2010. Database was provided by eight mutual insurance companies, covering 983,108 workers and 451,801 SA episodes. Descriptive analysis and crude, bivariate and multivariate analyses using Cox proportional hazards modeling were performed, to quantify the changes in duration of SA episodes between 2006 and 2010, stratified by sex...
July 2016: Social Science & Medicine
M Marta Arcas, George L Delclos, Isabel Torá-Rocamora, José Miguel Martínez, Fernando G Benavides
BACKGROUND: There is wide evidence that women present longer duration of sickness absence (SA) than men. Musculoskeletal disorders are influenced by gender due to the sexual division of work. METHODS: 354 432 episodes of non-work-related SA due to musculoskeletal disorders, which were registered in Catalonia between 2005 and 2008, were selected. The outcome variable was the duration of SA. Frailty survival models, stratified by sex and adjusted for explanatory variables (age, employment status, case management, economic activity and repeated episode), were fitted to study the association between each variable and the duration of SA, obtaining HRs...
May 13, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Ingo Gräff, Bernd Goldschmidt, Procula Glien, Sophia Klockner, Felix Erdfelder, Jennifer Lynn Schiefer, Daniel Grigutsch
BACKGROUND: To date, there are no valid statistics regarding the number of full time staff necessary for nursing care in emergency departments in Europe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Staff requirement calculations were performed using state-of-the art procedures which take both fluctuating patient volume and individual staff shortfall rates into consideration. In a longitudinal observational study, the average nursing staff engagement time per patient was assessed for 503 patients...
2016: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"