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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914463/motivational-interviewing-in-long-term-sickness-absence-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-followed-by-qualitative-and-economic-studies
#1
Lene Aasdahl, Vegard Stolsmo Foldal, Martin Inge Standal, Roger Hagen, Roar Johnsen, Marit Solbjør, Marius Steiro Fimland, Heidi Fossen, Chris Jensen, Gunnhild Bagøien, Vidar Halsteinli, Egil Andreas Fors
BACKGROUND: Motivational interviewing (MI), mainly used and shown effective in health care (substance abuse, smoking cessation, increasing exercise and other life style changes), is a collaborative conversation (style) about change that could be useful for individuals having problems related to return to work (RTW). The aim of this paper is to describe the design of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of MI on RTW among sick listed persons compared to usual care, in a social security setting...
June 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913982/predicting-of-pain-disability-and-sick-leave-regarding-a-non-clinical-sample-among-swedish-nurses
#2
Annika Nilsson, Per Lindberg, Eva Denison
Objective Health care providers, especially registered nurses (RNs), are a professional group with a high risk of musculoskeletal pain (MSP). This longitudinal study contributes to the literature by describing the prevalence and change in MSP, work-related factors, personal factors, self-reported pain, disability and sick leave (>7 days) among RNs working in a Swedish hospital over a 3-year period. Further, results concerning prediction of pain, disability and sick leave from baseline to a 3-year follow-up are reported...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852290/-trif-is-a-key-inflammatory-mediator-of-acute-sickness-behavior-and-cancer-cachexia
#3
Kevin G Burfeind, Xinxia Zhu, Peter R Levasseur, Katherine A Michaelis, Mason A Norgard, Daniel L Marks
Hypothalamic inflammation is a key component of acute sickness behavior and cachexia, yet mechanisms of inflammatory signaling in the central nervous system remain unclear. Previous work from our lab and others showed that while MyD88 is an important inflammatory signaling pathway for sickness behavior, MyD88 knockout (MyD88KO) mice still experience sickness behavior after inflammatory stimuli challenge. We found that after systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge, MyD88KO mice showed elevated expression of several cytokine and chemokine genes in the hypothalamus...
May 28, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778040/violence-against-child-protection-workers-a-study-of-workers-experiences-attributions-and-coping-strategies
#4
Josianne Lamothe, Amélie Couvrette, Gabrielle Lebrun, Gabrielle Yale, Camille Roy, Stéphane Guay, Steve Geoffrion
Child protection workers (CPWs) are frequently exposed to client violence, both psychological and physical, in their line of work whether they operate in the community or in residential settings. Despite this known vulnerability, research on the subject has lagged. The current study sought to analyze CPWs' experiences with client violence, their interpretation of it, its perceived consequences and their coping strategies. Specifically, 30 CPWs working both in the community and in residential settings, took part in an in-depth, semi-structured interview...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772681/global-asbestos-disaster
#5
Sugio Furuya, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Ken Takahashi, Annette David, Jukka Takala
Introduction : Asbestos has been used for thousands of years but only at a large industrial scale for about 100⁻150 years. The first identified disease was asbestosis, a type of incurable pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos dust and fibres. The latest estimate of global number of asbestosis deaths from the Global Burden of Disease estimate 2016 is 3495. Asbestos-caused cancer was identified in the late 1930's but despite today's overwhelming evidence of the strong carcinogenicity of all asbestos types, including chrysotile, it is still widely used globally...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763853/text-mining-and-network-analysis-to-find-functional-associations-of-genes-in-high-altitude-diseases
#6
Balu Bhasuran, Devika Subramanian, Jeyakumar Natarajan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Travel to elevations above 2500 m is associated with the risk of developing one or more forms of acute altitude illness such as acute mountain sickness (AMS), high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) or high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). Our work aims to identify the functional association of genes involved in high altitude diseases. METHOD: In this work we identified the gene networks responsible for high altitude diseases by using the principle of gene co-occurrence statistics from literature and network analysis...
May 2, 2018: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720132/long-working-hours-and-sickness-absence-a-fixed-effects-design
#7
Vilde Hoff Bernstrøm
BACKGROUND: While long working hours seem to lead to impaired health, several studies have also shown that long working hours are related to lower levels of sickness absence. Previous studies on the relationship between long working hours and sickness absence have compared those who work long hours to those who do not, looking only at between-individual correlations. Those results might therefore reflect relatively stable differences between employees who typically work long hours and employees who typically do not...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703199/unfolding-the-values-of-work-therapists%C3%A2-experience-of-addressing-the-return-to-work-process-in-occupational-rehabilitation-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#8
Nina E Klevanger, Marius S Fimland, Roar Johnsen, Marit B Rise
BACKGROUND: Facilitating return to work can be challenging due to the complexity of work disability. Few studies have examined rehabilitation programs based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy that intend to support return to work, and none have investigated therapists' experience with providing such programs. The aim of this study was therefore to explore therapists' experience of addressing the return to work process in an inpatient occupational rehabilitation program based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy...
April 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703092/hearing-loss-and-work-participation-a-cross-sectional-study-in-norway
#9
Elisabeth Vigrestad Svinndal, Jorunn Solheim, Marit By Rise, Chris Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To study work participation of persons with hearing loss, and associations with hearing disabilities, self-reported workability, fatigue and work accommodation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional internet-based survey. STUDY SAMPLE: A total of 10,679 persons with hearing loss within working-age were invited to answer the survey, where 3330 answered (35.6%). RESULTS: Degree of hearing loss was associated with low workability, fatigue and work place accommodation, while sick leave was associated with fatigue...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690601/prediction-of-human-performance-using-electroencephalography-under-different-indoor-room-temperatures
#10
Tapsya Nayak, Tinghe Zhang, Zijing Mao, Xiaojing Xu, Lin Zhang, Daniel J Pack, Bing Dong, Yufei Huang
Varying indoor environmental conditions is known to affect office worker’s performance; wherein past research studies have reported the effects of unfavorable indoor temperature and air quality causing sick building syndrome (SBS) among office workers. Thus, investigating factors that can predict performance in changing indoor environments have become a highly important research topic bearing significant impact in our society. While past research studies have attempted to determine predictors for performance, they do not provide satisfactory prediction ability...
April 23, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672758/explaining-the-gender-gap-in-sickness-absence
#11
K A Østby, A Mykletun, W Nilsen
Background: In many western countries, women have a much higher rate of sickness absence than men. To what degree the gender differences in sickness absence are caused by gender differences in health is largely unknown. Aims: To assess to what degree the gender gap in sickness absence can be explained by health factors and work- and family-related stressors. Methods: Norwegian parents participating in the Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) study were asked about sickness absence and a range of factors possibly contributing to gender differences in sickness absence, including somatic and mental health, sleep problems, job control/demands, work-home conflicts, parent-child conflicts and stressful life events...
April 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663869/the-effect-of-self-assessed-fatigue-and-subjective-cognitive-impairment-on-work-capacity-the-case-of-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Gisela Kobelt, Dawn Langdon, Linus Jönsson
OBJECTIVES: The impact of physical disability in multiple sclerosis on employment is well documented but the effect of neurological symptoms has been less well studied. We investigated the independent effect of self-reported fatigue and cognitive difficulties on work. METHODS: In a large European cost of illness survey, self-reported fatigue, subjective cognitive impairment (SCI), and productivity at work were assessed with visual analogue scales (VAS 0-10). The analysis controlled for country, age, age at diagnosis, gender, education, and physical disability...
April 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627810/cause-specific-sickness-absence-trends-by-occupational-class-and-industrial-sector-in-the-context-of-recent-labour-market-changes-a-finnish-panel-data-study
#13
Taina Leinonen, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Kirsti Husgafvel-Pursiainen, Svetlana Solovieva
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide previously unestablished information on population-based differences in cause-specific sickness absence trends between occupational classes and further between four large industrial sectors within the different occupational classes while controlling for other socioeconomic factors and employment patterns. We focused on the period 2005-2013, during which the labour market underwent large economic and structural changes in many countries. DESIGN: Register-based panel data study...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562337/invalid-cookery-nursing-and-domestic-medicine-in-ireland-c-1900
#14
Juliana Adelman
This article uses a 1903 text by the Irish cookery instructress Kathleen Ferguson to examine the intersections between food, medicine and domestic work. Sick Room Cookery, and numerous texts like it, drew on traditions of domestic medicine and Anglo-Irish gastronomy while also seeking to establish female expertise informed by modern science and medicine. Placing the text in its broader cultural context, the article examines how it fit into the tradition of domestic medicine and the emerging profession of domestic science...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553929/towards-a-machine-learning-approach-for-sickness-prediction-in-360%C3%A2-stereoscopic-videos
#15
Nitish Padmanaban, Timon Ruban, Vincent Sitzmann, Anthony M Norcia, Gordon Wetzstein
Virtual reality systems are widely believed to be the next major computing platform. There are, however, some barriers to adoption that must be addressed, such as that of motion sickness - which can lead to undesirable symptoms including postural instability, headaches, and nausea. Motion sickness in virtual reality occurs as a result of moving visual stimuli that cause users to perceive self-motion while they remain stationary in the real world. There are several contributing factors to both this perception of motion and the subsequent onset of sickness, including field of view, motion velocity, and stimulus depth...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526241/occupational-hand-injuries-a-current-review-of-the-prevalence-and-proposed-prevention-strategies-for-physical-therapists-and-similar-healthcare-professionals
#16
REVIEW
Giles Gyer, Jimmy Michael, James Inklebarger
Hand injury is the second most common work-related musculoskeletal injury among physical therapists (PTs) and other manual therapy professionals such as osteopaths, physiotherapists, chiropractors, acupuncturists and massage therapists. However, the nature and extent of this problem have not been fully explored yet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to review the existing literature published on the prevalence, risk factors, consequences, and prevention of hand injuries among PTs and similar healthcare professionals...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479187/sickness-presenteeism-the-prevalence-of-coming-to-work-while-ill-among-paediatric-resident-physicians-in-canada
#17
Kevin J Mitchell, Joseph V Vayalumkal
Background: Sickness presenteeism is defined as the act of attending one's job despite ill-health. Recently, physicians and other health care workers have become the focus of sickness presenteeism research, because presenteeism in this population can put patients at risk of infection. There are currently no data on this topic among physicians in Canada. The aim of this study was to investigate sickness presenteeism in paediatric resident physicians in Canada. Methods: We conducted an anonymous, online, cross-sectional survey study in which all paediatric residents in Canada were eligible...
May 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471761/health-and-retirement-age-comparison-of-expectations-and-actual-retirement
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Pekka Ilmakunnas, Seija Ilmakunnas
AIM: We examine the relationship between the subjective assessment of health status and retirement by using information on expected and actual retirement ages. METHODS: Subjective data from cross-sectional surveys, conducted in Finland in 2003 and 2008, are linked to information on actual retirement age from register data from 2003 to 2013. Regression models are estimated for actual and expected retirement ages. RESULTS: While the health status is positively correlated with both actual and anticipated full-time retirement age, the actual age of retirement is less sensitive to health...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470216/creamed-dishes-for-the-convalescent
#19
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
March 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402253/design-of-a-study-evaluating-the-effects-health-economics-and-stakeholder-perspectives-of-a-multi-component-occupational-rehabilitation-program-with-an-added-workplace-intervention-a-study-protocol
#20
Marit B Rise, Martin Skagseth, Nina E Klevanger, Lene Aasdahl, Petter Borchgrevink, Chris Jensen, Hanne Tenggren, Vidar Halsteinli, Trym N Jacobsen, Svein B Løland, Roar Johnsen, Marius S Fimland
BACKGROUND: Recent research has suggested that interventions at the workplace might be the most potent ingredient in return to work interventions, but few studies have investigated the different effects of workplace interventions as part of occupational rehabilitation programs. The comprehensive design described in this article includes effect (on return to work and health outcomes), and health economic evaluations of a workplace intervention added to a multicomponent rehabilitation program...
February 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
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