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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672758/explaining-the-gender-gap-in-sickness-absence
#1
K A Østby, A Mykletun, W Nilsen
Background: In many western countries, women have a much higher rate of sickness absence than men. To what degree the gender differences in sickness absence are caused by gender differences in health is largely unknown. Aims: To assess to what degree the gender gap in sickness absence can be explained by health factors and work- and family-related stressors. Methods: Norwegian parents participating in the Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) study were asked about sickness absence and a range of factors possibly contributing to gender differences in sickness absence, including somatic and mental health, sleep problems, job control/demands, work-home conflicts, parent-child conflicts and stressful life events...
April 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663869/the-effect-of-self-assessed-fatigue-and-subjective-cognitive-impairment-on-work-capacity-the-case-of-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Gisela Kobelt, Dawn Langdon, Linus Jönsson
OBJECTIVES: The impact of physical disability in multiple sclerosis on employment is well documented but the effect of neurological symptoms has been less well studied. We investigated the independent effect of self-reported fatigue and cognitive difficulties on work. METHODS: In a large European cost of illness survey, self-reported fatigue, subjective cognitive impairment (SCI), and productivity at work were assessed with visual analogue scales (VAS 0-10). The analysis controlled for country, age, age at diagnosis, gender, education, and physical disability...
April 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627810/cause-specific-sickness-absence-trends-by-occupational-class-and-industrial-sector-in-the-context-of-recent-labour-market-changes-a-finnish-panel-data-study
#3
Taina Leinonen, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Kirsti Husgafvel-Pursiainen, Svetlana Solovieva
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide previously unestablished information on population-based differences in cause-specific sickness absence trends between occupational classes and further between four large industrial sectors within the different occupational classes while controlling for other socioeconomic factors and employment patterns. We focused on the period 2005-2013, during which the labour market underwent large economic and structural changes in many countries. DESIGN: Register-based panel data study...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562337/-invalid-cookery-nursing-and-domestic-medicine-in-ireland-c-1900
#4
Juliana Adelman
This article uses a 1903 text by the Irish cookery instructress Kathleen Ferguson to examine the intersections between food, medicine and domestic work. Sick Room Cookery, and numerous texts like it, drew on traditions of domestic medicine and Anglo-Irish gastronomy while also seeking to establish female expertise informed by modern science and medicine. Placing the text in its broader cultural context, the article examines how it fit into the tradition of domestic medicine and the emerging profession of domestic science...
March 17, 2018: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553929/towards-a-machine-learning-approach-for-sickness-prediction-in-360%C3%A2-stereoscopic-videos
#5
Nitish Padmanaban, Timon Ruban, Vincent Sitzmann, Anthony M Norcia, Gordon Wetzstein
Virtual reality systems are widely believed to be the next major computing platform. There are, however, some barriers to adoption that must be addressed, such as that of motion sickness - which can lead to undesirable symptoms including postural instability, headaches, and nausea. Motion sickness in virtual reality occurs as a result of moving visual stimuli that cause users to perceive self-motion while they remain stationary in the real world. There are several contributing factors to both this perception of motion and the subsequent onset of sickness, including field of view, motion velocity, and stimulus depth...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526241/occupational-hand-injuries-a-current-review-of-the-prevalence-and-proposed-prevention-strategies-for-physical-therapists-and-similar-healthcare-professionals
#6
REVIEW
Giles Gyer, Jimmy Michael, James Inklebarger
Hand injury is the second most common work-related musculoskeletal injury among physical therapists (PTs) and other manual therapy professionals such as osteopaths, physiotherapists, chiropractors, acupuncturists and massage therapists. However, the nature and extent of this problem have not been fully explored yet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to review the existing literature published on the prevalence, risk factors, consequences, and prevention of hand injuries among PTs and similar healthcare professionals...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479187/sickness-presenteeism-the-prevalence-of-coming-to-work-while-ill-among-paediatric-resident-physicians-in-canada
#7
Kevin J Mitchell, Joseph V Vayalumkal
Background: Sickness presenteeism is defined as the act of attending one's job despite ill-health. Recently, physicians and other health care workers have become the focus of sickness presenteeism research, because presenteeism in this population can put patients at risk of infection. There are currently no data on this topic among physicians in Canada. The aim of this study was to investigate sickness presenteeism in paediatric resident physicians in Canada. Methods: We conducted an anonymous, online, cross-sectional survey study in which all paediatric residents in Canada were eligible...
May 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471761/health-and-retirement-age-comparison-of-expectations-and-actual-retirement
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Pekka Ilmakunnas, Seija Ilmakunnas
AIM: We examine the relationship between the subjective assessment of health status and retirement by using information on expected and actual retirement ages. METHODS: Subjective data from cross-sectional surveys, conducted in Finland in 2003 and 2008, are linked to information on actual retirement age from register data from 2003 to 2013. Regression models are estimated for actual and expected retirement ages. RESULTS: While the health status is positively correlated with both actual and anticipated full-time retirement age, the actual age of retirement is less sensitive to health...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470216/creamed-dishes-for-the-convalescent
#9
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
March 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402253/design-of-a-study-evaluating-the-effects-health-economics-and-stakeholder-perspectives-of-a-multi-component-occupational-rehabilitation-program-with-an-added-workplace-intervention-a%C3%A2-study-protocol
#10
Marit B Rise, Martin Skagseth, Nina E Klevanger, Lene Aasdahl, Petter Borchgrevink, Chris Jensen, Hanne Tenggren, Vidar Halsteinli, Trym N Jacobsen, Svein B Løland, Roar Johnsen, Marius S Fimland
BACKGROUND: Recent research has suggested that interventions at the workplace might be the most potent ingredient in return to work interventions, but few studies have investigated the different effects of workplace interventions as part of occupational rehabilitation programs. The comprehensive design described in this article includes effect (on return to work and health outcomes), and health economic evaluations of a workplace intervention added to a multicomponent rehabilitation program...
February 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389502/the-prevalence-of-sick-leave-reasons-and-associated-predictors-a-survey-among-employed-pregnant-women
#11
Mette Backhausen, Peter Damm, Jane Bendix, Ann Tabor, Hanne Hegaard
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of sick leave and self-reported reasons given for sick leave during pregnancy. Furthermore, we aimed to estimate the frequency of long-term sick leave during pregnancy in relation to pre-baseline maternal characteristics and to identify predictors of long-term sick leave. METHOD: Data from 508 employed pregnant women seeking antenatal care was collected by questionnaires from August 2015 to March 2016. The questionnaires, which were filled in at 20 and 32 weeks of gestation, provided information on maternal characteristics, the number of days spent on sick leave and the associated reasons...
March 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359194/rnase-iii-domain-of-krepb9-and-krepb10-association-with-editosomes-in-trypanosoma-brucei
#12
Jason Carnes, Suzanne M McDermott, Kenneth Stuart
Editosomes are the multiprotein complexes that catalyze the insertion and deletion of uridines to create translatable mRNAs in the mitochondria of kinetoplastids. Recognition and cleavage of a broad diversity of RNA substrates in vivo require three functionally distinct RNase III-type endonucleases, as well as five additional editosome proteins that contain noncatalytic RNase III domains. RNase III domains have recently been identified in the editosome accessory proteins KREPB9 and KREPB10, suggesting a role related to editing endonuclease function...
January 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351816/effects-of-gut-derived-endotoxin-on-anxiety-like-and-repetitive-behaviors-in-male-and-female-mice
#13
Christopher T Fields, Benoit Chassaing, Alexandra Castillo-Ruiz, Remus Osan, Andrew T Gewirtz, Geert J de Vries
BACKGROUND: Gut dysbiosis is observed in several neuropsychiatric disorders exhibiting increases in anxiety behavior, and recent work suggests links between gut inflammation and such disorders. One source of this inflammation may be lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a toxic component of gram-negative bacteria. Here, we (1) determine whether oral gavage of LPS, as a model of gut-derived endotoxemia, affects anxiety-like and/or repetitive behaviors; (2) test whether these changes depend on TLR4 signaling; and (3) test the extent to which gut-derived endotoxin and TLR4 antagonism affects males and females differently...
January 19, 2018: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351632/presenteeism-in-academic-employees-occupational-and-individual-factors
#14
G Kinman, S Wray
Background: There is growing evidence that presenteeism can be damaging for individuals and organizations. It is, therefore, important to identify the prevalence of working while sick in different working environments and the factors that contribute to such behaviour. Aims: To examine the prevalence of self-reported presenteeism in academic staff working in UK universities and colleges and the extent to which job demands, control, support and work engagement are risk factors...
February 16, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280065/workers-not-paid-for-sick-leave-after-implementation-of-the-new-york-city-paid-sick-leave-law
#15
Gerod Sharper Hall, Sarah Walters, Christopher Wimer, Amber Levanon Seligson, Matthew Maury, Jane Waldfogel, L Hannah Gould, Sungwoo Lim
This study examined factors associated with being paid for sick leave after implementation of the New York City (NYC) paid sick leave law. A random sample of NYC residents was surveyed by telephone multiple times over a 2-year period. Participants (n = 1195) reported socio-demographics, awareness of the law, income, work hours per week, and payment for sick time off work. In the year after implementation of the law, part-time workers were significantly more likely to attend work while sick than full-time workers (relative risk = 1...
February 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274274/identifying-return-to-work-trajectories-using-sequence-analysis-in-a-cohort-of-workers-with-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders
#16
Christopher B McLeod, Eline Reiff, Esther Maas, Ute Bültmann
Objectives This study aimed to identify return-to-work (RTW) trajectories among workers with work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and examine the associations between different MSD and these RTW trajectories. Methods We used administrative workers' compensation data to identify accepted MSD lost-time claims with an injury date between 2010-2012 in British Columbia, Canada. Cox regression analyses were used to investigate differences in time to RTW between MSD. Validated day-to-day calendar measures of four RTW states (sickness absence, modified RTW, RTW, and non-RTW) were grouped into RTW trajectories spanning a one-year period using sequence analysis...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261705/mixed-methods-inquiry-into-traditional-healers-treatment-of-mental-neurological-and-substance-abuse-disorders-in-rural-south-africa
#17
Carolyn M Audet, Sizzy Ngobeni, Erin Graves, Ryan G Wagner
BACKGROUND: Traditional healers are acceptable and highly accessible health practitioners throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Patients in South Africa often seek concurrent traditional and allopathic treatment leading to medical pluralism. METHODS & FINDINGS: We studied the cause of five traditional illnesses known locally as "Mavabyi ya nhloko" (sickness of the head), by conducting 27 in-depth interviews and 133 surveys with a randomly selected sample of traditional healers living and working in rural, northeastern South Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246257/comparing-multidisciplinary-and-brief-intervention-in-employees-with-different-job-relations-on-sick-leave-due-to-low-back-pain-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Pernille Pedersen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Morten Hovgaard Andersen, Vivian Langagergaard, Anders Boes, Ole Kudsk Jensen, Chris Jensen, Merete Labriola
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem that affects the lives of many individuals and is a frequent cause of sickness absence. To help this group of individuals resume work, several interventions have been studied. However, not all individuals may profit from the same intervention and the effect of a given intervention on return to work (RTW) may depend on their work situation. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether employees on sick leave due to LBP and with poor job relations will benefit more from a multidisciplinary intervention, while patients with strong job relations will benefit more from a brief intervention...
December 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216856/interactional-justice-at-work-is-related-to-sickness-absence-a-study-using-repeated-measures-in-the-swedish-working-population
#19
Constanze Leineweber, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Paraskevi Peristera, Constanze Eib, Anna Nyberg, Hugo Westerlund
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that perceived unfairness contributes to higher rates of sickness absence. While shorter, but more frequent periods of sickness absence might be a possibility for the individual to get relief from high strain, long-term sickness absence might be a sign of more serious health problems. The Uncertainty Management Model suggests that justice is particularly important in times of uncertainty, e.g. perceived job insecurity. The present study investigated the association between interpersonal and informational justice at work with long and frequent sickness absence respectively, under conditions of job insecurity...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205326/clinical-features-familial-history-and-migraine-precursors-in-patients-with-definite-vestibular-migraine-the-vm-phenotypes-projects
#20
Roberto Teggi, Bruno Colombo, Roberto Albera, Giacinto Asprella Libonati, Cristiano Balzanelli, Angel Batuecas Caletrio, Augusto Casani, Juan Manuel Espinoza-Sanchez, Paolo Gamba, Jose A Lopez-Escamez, Sergio Lucisano, Marco Mandalà, Giampiero Neri, Daniele Nuti, Rudy Pecci, Antonio Russo, Eduardo Martin-Sanz, Ricardo Sanz, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Paola Torelli, Paolo Vannucchi, Giancarlo Comi, Mario Bussi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to assess through a questionnaire the features of vertiginous episodes, accompanying symptoms, familial history, and migraine precursors in a sample of 252 subjects with a diagnosis of definite vestibular migraine. BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common neurological disorder characterized by episodic headaches with specific features. About two-thirds of cases run in families, and patients may refer symptoms occurring in infancy and childhood, defined as episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine...
December 4, 2017: Headache
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