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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402253/design-of-a-study-evaluating-the-effects-health-economics-and-stakeholder-perspectives-of-a-multi-component-occupational-rehabilitation-program-with-an-added-workplace-intervention-a%C3%A2-study-protocol
#1
Marit B Rise, Martin Skagseth, Nina E Klevanger, Lene Aasdahl, Petter Borchgrevink, Chris Jensen, Hanne Tenggren, Vidar Halsteinli, Trym N Jacobsen, Svein B Løland, Roar Johnsen, Marius S Fimland
BACKGROUND: Recent research has suggested that interventions at the workplace might be the most potent ingredient in return to work interventions, but few studies have investigated the different effects of workplace interventions as part of occupational rehabilitation programs. The comprehensive design described in this article includes effect (on return to work and health outcomes), and health economic evaluations of a workplace intervention added to a multicomponent rehabilitation program...
February 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389502/the-prevalence-of-sick-leave-reasons-and-associated-predictors-a-survey-among-employed-pregnant-women
#2
Mette Backhausen, Peter Damm, Jane Bendix, Ann Tabor, Hanne Hegaard
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of sick leave and self-reported reasons given for sick leave during pregnancy. Furthermore, we aimed to estimate the frequency of long-term sick leave during pregnancy in relation to pre-baseline maternal characteristics and to identify predictors of long-term sick leave. METHOD: Data from 508 employed pregnant women seeking antenatal care was collected by questionnaires from August 2015 to March 2016. The questionnaires, which were filled in at 20 and 32 weeks of gestation, provided information on maternal characteristics, the number of days spent on sick leave and the associated reasons...
March 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359194/rnase-iii-domain-of-krepb9-and-krepb10-association-with-editosomes-in-trypanosoma-brucei
#3
Jason Carnes, Suzanne M McDermott, Kenneth Stuart
Editosomes are the multiprotein complexes that catalyze the insertion and deletion of uridines to create translatable mRNAs in the mitochondria of kinetoplastids. Recognition and cleavage of a broad diversity of RNA substrates in vivo require three functionally distinct RNase III-type endonucleases, as well as five additional editosome proteins that contain noncatalytic RNase III domains. RNase III domains have recently been identified in the editosome accessory proteins KREPB9 and KREPB10, suggesting a role related to editing endonuclease function...
January 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351816/effects-of-gut-derived-endotoxin-on-anxiety-like-and-repetitive-behaviors-in-male-and-female-mice
#4
Christopher T Fields, Benoit Chassaing, Alexandra Castillo-Ruiz, Remus Osan, Andrew T Gewirtz, Geert J de Vries
BACKGROUND: Gut dysbiosis is observed in several neuropsychiatric disorders exhibiting increases in anxiety behavior, and recent work suggests links between gut inflammation and such disorders. One source of this inflammation may be lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a toxic component of gram-negative bacteria. Here, we (1) determine whether oral gavage of LPS, as a model of gut-derived endotoxemia, affects anxiety-like and/or repetitive behaviors; (2) test whether these changes depend on TLR4 signaling; and (3) test the extent to which gut-derived endotoxin and TLR4 antagonism affects males and females differently...
January 19, 2018: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351632/presenteeism-in-academic-employees-occupational-and-individual-factors
#5
G Kinman, S Wray
Background: There is growing evidence that presenteeism can be damaging for individuals and organizations. It is, therefore, important to identify the prevalence of working while sick in different working environments and the factors that contribute to such behaviour. Aims: To examine the prevalence of self-reported presenteeism in academic staff working in UK universities and colleges and the extent to which job demands, control, support and work engagement are risk factors...
January 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280065/workers-not-paid-for-sick-leave-after-implementation-of-the-new-york-city-paid-sick-leave-law
#6
Gerod Sharper Hall, Sarah Walters, Christopher Wimer, Amber Levanon Seligson, Matthew Maury, Jane Waldfogel, L Hannah Gould, Sungwoo Lim
This study examined factors associated with being paid for sick leave after implementation of the New York City (NYC) paid sick leave law. A random sample of NYC residents was surveyed by telephone multiple times over a 2-year period. Participants (n = 1195) reported socio-demographics, awareness of the law, income, work hours per week, and payment for sick time off work. In the year after implementation of the law, part-time workers were significantly more likely to attend work while sick than full-time workers (relative risk = 1...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274274/identifying-return-to-work-trajectories-using-sequence-analysis-in-a-cohort-of-workers-with-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders
#7
Christopher McLeod, Eline Reiff, Esther Maas, Ute Bültmann
Objectives This study aimed to identify return-to-work (RTW) trajectories among workers with work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and examine the associations between different MSD and these RTW trajectories. Methods We used administrative workers' compensation data to identify accepted MSD lost-time claims with an injury date between 2010-2012 in British Columbia, Canada. Cox regression analyses were used to investigate differences in time to RTW between MSD. Validated day-to-day calendar measures of four RTW states (sickness absence, modified RTW, RTW, and non-RTW) were grouped into RTW trajectories spanning a one-year period using sequence analysis...
December 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261705/mixed-methods-inquiry-into-traditional-healers-treatment-of-mental-neurological-and-substance-abuse-disorders-in-rural-south-africa
#8
Carolyn M Audet, Sizzy Ngobeni, Erin Graves, Ryan G Wagner
BACKGROUND: Traditional healers are acceptable and highly accessible health practitioners throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Patients in South Africa often seek concurrent traditional and allopathic treatment leading to medical pluralism. METHODS & FINDINGS: We studied the cause of five traditional illnesses known locally as "Mavabyi ya nhloko" (sickness of the head), by conducting 27 in-depth interviews and 133 surveys with a randomly selected sample of traditional healers living and working in rural, northeastern South Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246257/comparing-multidisciplinary-and-brief-intervention-in-employees-with-different-job-relations-on-sick-leave-due-to-low-back-pain-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Pernille Pedersen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Morten Hovgaard Andersen, Vivian Langagergaard, Anders Boes, Ole Kudsk Jensen, Chris Jensen, Merete Labriola
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem that affects the lives of many individuals and is a frequent cause of sickness absence. To help this group of individuals resume work, several interventions have been studied. However, not all individuals may profit from the same intervention and the effect of a given intervention on return to work (RTW) may depend on their work situation. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether employees on sick leave due to LBP and with poor job relations will benefit more from a multidisciplinary intervention, while patients with strong job relations will benefit more from a brief intervention...
December 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216856/interactional-justice-at-work-is-related-to-sickness-absence-a-study-using-repeated-measures-in-the-swedish-working-population
#10
Constanze Leineweber, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Paraskevi Peristera, Constanze Eib, Anna Nyberg, Hugo Westerlund
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that perceived unfairness contributes to higher rates of sickness absence. While shorter, but more frequent periods of sickness absence might be a possibility for the individual to get relief from high strain, long-term sickness absence might be a sign of more serious health problems. The Uncertainty Management Model suggests that justice is particularly important in times of uncertainty, e.g. perceived job insecurity. The present study investigated the association between interpersonal and informational justice at work with long and frequent sickness absence respectively, under conditions of job insecurity...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205326/clinical-features-familial-history-and-migraine-precursors-in-patients-with-definite-vestibular-migraine-the-vm-phenotypes-projects
#11
Roberto Teggi, Bruno Colombo, Roberto Albera, Giacinto Asprella Libonati, Cristiano Balzanelli, Angel Batuecas Caletrio, Augusto Casani, Juan Manuel Espinoza-Sanchez, Paolo Gamba, Jose A Lopez-Escamez, Sergio Lucisano, Marco Mandalà, Giampiero Neri, Daniele Nuti, Rudy Pecci, Antonio Russo, Eduardo Martin-Sanz, Ricardo Sanz, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Paola Torelli, Paolo Vannucchi, Giancarlo Comi, Mario Bussi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to assess through a questionnaire the features of vertiginous episodes, accompanying symptoms, familial history, and migraine precursors in a sample of 252 subjects with a diagnosis of definite vestibular migraine. BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common neurological disorder characterized by episodic headaches with specific features. About two-thirds of cases run in families, and patients may refer symptoms occurring in infancy and childhood, defined as episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine...
December 4, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201546/neurologists-dealing-with-sickness-certification-experiences-of-problems-and-need-of-competence
#12
Åsa Snöljung, Jenny Kärrholm, Elin Hinas, Kristina Alexanderson
Rationale and Aims: Most studies on physicians' sickness certification practices include general practitioners (GP) while there hardly is any knowledge on this regarding neurologists although neurological diseases often involve work incapacity and need of sick leave. Aim: The aim was to describe experiences among neurologists in Sweden concerning their work with sickness certification of patients. Method: A cross-sectional study of 265 neurologists' responses in a nationwide survey regarding their work with sickness certification of patients was conducted...
November 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173225/preventing-respiratory-viral-transmission-in-long-term-care-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-healthcare-personnel
#13
Caroline A O'Neil, Lindsay Kim, Mila M Prill, Nimalie D Stone, Shikha Garg, H Keipp Talbot, Hilary M Babcock
OBJECTIVE To examine knowledge and attitudes about influenza vaccination and infection prevention practices among healthcare personnel (HCP) in a long-term-care (LTC) setting. DESIGN Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) survey. SETTING An LTC facility in St Louis, Missouri. PARTICIPANTS All HCP working at the LTC facility were eligible to participate, regardless of department or position. Of 170 full- and part-time HCP working at the facility, 73 completed the survey, a 42.9% response rate. RESULTS Most HCP agreed that respiratory viral infections were serious and that hand hygiene and face mask use were protective...
December 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141598/worklife-expectancy-in-a-cohort-of-danish-employees-aged-55-65%C3%A2-years-comparing-a-multi-state-cox-proportional-hazard-approach-with-conventional-multi-state-life-tables
#14
Jacob Pedersen, Jakob Bue Bjorner
BACKGROUND: Work life expectancy (WLE) expresses the expected time a person will remain in the labor market until he or she retires. This paper compares a life table approach to estimating WLE to an approach based on multi-state proportional hazards models. The two methods are used to estimate WLE in Danish members and non-members of an early retirement pensioning (ERP) scheme according to levels of health. METHODS: In 2008, data on self-rated health (SRH) was collected from 5212 employees 55-65 years of age...
November 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122792/understanding-the-implementation-of-sick-day-guidance-to-prevent-acute-kidney-injury-across-a-primary-care-setting-in-england-a-qualitative-evaluation
#15
Anne-Marie Martindale, Rebecca Elvey, Susan J Howard, Sheila McCorkindale, Smeeta Sinha, Tom Blakeman
OBJECTIVES: The study sought to examine the implementation of sick day guidance cards designed to prevent acute kidney injury (AKI), in primary care settings. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted and comparative analysis informed by normalisation process theory was undertaken to understand sense-making, implementation and appraisal of the cards and associated guidance. SETTING: A single primary care health setting in the North of England...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107616/chronic-pain-disrupts-ability-to-work-by-interfering-with-social-function-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Elizabeth Hengstebeck, Steven Roskos, Karen Breejen, Bengt Arnetz, Judy Arnetz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some 100 million adults in the United States suffer from chronic pain. While research to date has focused primarily on pain interference with physical and psychological function and its effects on employment, few studies have examined the impact of pain interference on social functioning and its effects on employment. The aims of our study were to (1) evaluate the association between pain interference with ability to work and actual employment status among working age adults with chronic pain; and (2) evaluate pain interference with four types of functioning - cognitive, physical, psychological, and social - as possible mediators of pain interference with the ability to work...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090635/depression-at-work-authenticity-in-question-experiencing-concealing-and-revealing
#17
Damien Ridge, Alex Broom, Renata Kokanović, Sue Ziebland, Nicholas Hill
Australia and the United Kingdom have introduced policies to protect employees who experience mental illness, including depression. However, a better understanding of the experiential issues workers face (e.g. sense of moral failure) is needed for the provision of appropriate and beneficial support. We analysed 73 interviews from the United Kingdom and Australia where narratives of depression and work intersected. Participants encountered difficulties in being (and performing as if) 'authentic' at work, with depression contributing to confusions about the self...
October 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048337/paid-sick-leave-and-risks-of-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-among-adult-workers-in-the-usa
#18
Daniel Kim
Background: The USA is one of only a few advanced economies globally that does not guarantee its workers paid sick leave. While there are plausible reasons why paid sick leave may be linked to mortality, little is known empirically about this association. Methods: In a pooled USA nationally-representative longitudinal sample of 57,323 working adults aged 18-85 years from the National Health Interview Surveys 2000-2002, paid sick leave was examined as a predictor of all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the impact of paid sick leave on mortality...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988261/the-sickness-of-stigmas
#19
EDITORIAL
Bronwen J Ackermann
In modern medicine, approaches to healthcare no longer only encompass injury management, but increasingly focus on understanding the performance demands and health risk exposures faced by performing artists. Quantitative and qualitative scientific and health analyses by performing artists, clinicians, educators, and researchers are increasingly helping us to develop effective, targeted, and relevant health promotion and performance optimisation strategies worldwide. While such research increasingly identifies improved methods of preventing and managing potential psychological, audiological, or physical challenges faced by performing artists, we still need to work hard to address very important barriers to implementing appropriate health approaches...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982815/return-to-work-intervention-versus-usual-care-for-sick-listed-employees-health-economic-investment-appraisal-alongside-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#20
Suzanne Lokman, Danielle Volker, Moniek C Zijlstra-Vlasveld, Evelien Pm Brouwers, Brigitte Boon, Aartjan Tf Beekman, Filip Smit, Christina M Van der Feltz-Cornelis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the health-economic costs and benefits of a guided eHealth intervention (E-health module embedded in Collaborative Occupational healthcare (ECO)) encouraging sick-listed employees to a faster return to work. DESIGN: A two-armed cluster randomised trial with occupational physicians (OPs) (n=62), clustered and randomised by region into an experimental and a control group, to conduct a health-economic investment appraisal. Online self-reported data were collected from employees at baseline, after 3, 6, 9 and 12 months...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
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