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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098801/a-novel-antihypertensive-derived-from-adlay-coix-larchryma-jobi-l-var-ma-yuen-stapf-glutelin
#1
Bin Li, Liansheng Qiao, Lingling Li, Yanling Zhang, Kai Li, Lingzhi Wang, Yanjiang Qiao
Our previous studies have shown that Coix glutelin pepsin hydrolysate can effectively inhibit angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity in vitro. The main purpose of this study was to obtain potent anti-hypertensive peptides from Coix glutelin. The Coix glutelin hydrolysates (CGH) were prepared by pepsin catalysis and further separated by an ultrafitration (UF) system, gel filtration chromatography (GFC) and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). As a result, the sub-fraction F5-3 had the highest ACE-inhibitory activity...
January 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091678/pepsin-egg-white-hydrolysate-modulates-gut-microbiota-in-zucker-obese-rats
#2
Teresa Requena, Marta Miguel, Marta Garcés-Rimón, M Carmen Martínez-Cuesta, Rosina López-Fandiño, Carmen Peláez
There is limited information that relates the intake of food-derived bioactive peptides and the gut microbiota. We have previously described a pepsin hydrolysate of egg white (EWH) that ameliorates fat accumulation and dyslipidemia, while reducing oxidative stress and inflammation markers in obese Zucker rats. The aim of this study was to associate the beneficial effects of EWH with gut microbiota changes in these animals. Obese Zucker rats received daily 750 mg kg(-1) EWH in drinking water for 12 weeks and faeces were analysed for microbial composition and metabolic compounds in comparison with Zucker lean rats and obese controls...
January 16, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069123/pepsin-diffusion-in-dairy-gels-depends-on-casein-concentration-and-microstructure
#3
J Thévenot, C Cauty, D Legland, D Dupont, J Floury
Fundamental knowledge of gastric digestion had only focused on acid diffusion from the gastric fluid, but no data are available for pepsin diffusion. Using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching technique, diffusion coefficients D of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-pepsin were measured in rennet gels across a range of casein concentrations allowing to form networks of protein aggregates with different structures. To investigate the microstructural parameters of native gels, electron microscopy image analysis were performed and qualitatively related to diffusion behavior of FITC-pepsin in these dairy gels...
May 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064243/meckel-s-diverticulitis-a-rare-entity-of-meckel-s-diverticulum
#4
Chee S Wong, Leanne Dupley, Haren N Varia, Darek Golka, Thu Linn
Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital abnormality of the small intestine that results from incomplete closure of the vitelline (omphalo-mesenteric) duct. This true diverticulum, ~2 ft from the ileocecal valve commonly found on the anti-mesenteric border of the ileum, is benign and majority asymptomatic. Diagnosis challenges arise when it became inflamed or presented in following ways, for example, haemorrhage (caused by ectopic pepsin-and hydrochloric acid-secreting gastric mucosa), intestinal obstruction (secondary to intussusception or volvulus) or the presence of diverticulum in the hernia sac (Littre's hernia)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053783/novel-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitory-peptides-from-caseins-and-whey-proteins-of-goat-milk
#5
Hisham R Ibrahim, Ahmed S Ahmed, Takeshi Miyata
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) plays a central role in blood pressure regulation by producing the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II. The inhibition of ACE with natural inhibitors, as alternatives to avoid the side effect of synthetic drugs, is a major target in the prevention of hypertension. In this study, we examined the separated caseins and whey proteins of goat milk for the presence of ACE inhibitory peptides. Digestion of isolated whey proteins and caseins of goat milk by gastric pepsin generated soluble hydrolysates exhibiting significant inhibition of ACE compared to weak inhibition by undigested proteins...
January 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045635/association-between-laryngeal-pepsin-levels-and-the-presence-of-vocal-fold-polyps
#6
Lu Wang, Jia-Jie Tan, Ting Wu, Rui Zhang, Jia-Nuan Wu, Fang-Fang Zeng, You-Li Liu, Xiao-Yan Han, Yan-Fei Li, Xiang-Ping Li
Objective To determine whether pepsin, the main component of refluxed gastric contents, is significantly associated with vocal fold polyps and to evaluate the diagnostic value of pepsin in vocal fold polyps' tissues. Study Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University. Subjects and Methods The study included 32 patients with vocal fold polyps and 16 healthy controls between 2011 and 2012. Reflux symptom index and reflux finding score assessments, 24-hour combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH monitoring, and biopsy of the vocal fold polyp tissues or posterior laryngeal mucosa (healthy controls) for immunohistochemical pepsin staining were performed...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045529/polyelectrolyte-ph-responsive-protein-containing-nanoparticles-the-physicochemical-supramolecular-approach
#7
Anna Riabtseva, Leonid I Kaberov, Jan Kučka, Anna Bogomolova, Petr Stepanek, Sergey K Filippov, Martin Hruby
We report on the physicochemical properties and self-assembly behavior of novel efficient pH-sensitive nanocontainers based on the Food and Drug Administration-approved anionic polymer Eudragit L100-55 (poly(methacrylic acid-co-ethyl acrylate) 1:1) and nonionic surfactant Brij98. The features of the interaction between Eudragit L100-55 and Brij98 at different pH values and their optimal ratio for nanoparticle formation were studied using isothermal titration calorimetry. The influence of the polymer-to-surfactant ratio on the size and structure of particles was studied at different pH values using dynamic light scattering and small-angle X-ray scattering methods...
January 12, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039304/allergen-valency-dose-and-fc%C3%AE%C2%B5ri-occupancy-set-thresholds-for-secretory-responses-to-pen-a-1-and-motivate-design-of-hypoallergens
#8
Avanika Mahajan, Lama A Youssef, Cédric Cleyrat, Rachel Grattan, Shayna R Lucero, Christopher P Mattison, M Frank Erasmus, Bruna Jacobson, Lydia Tapia, William S Hlavacek, Mark Schuyler, Bridget S Wilson
Ag-mediated crosslinking of IgE-FcεRI complexes activates mast cells and basophils, initiating the allergic response. Of 34 donors recruited having self-reported shrimp allergy, only 35% had significant levels of shrimp-specific IgE in serum and measurable basophil secretory responses to rPen a 1 (shrimp tropomyosin). We report that degranulation is linked to the number of FcεRI occupied with allergen-specific IgE, as well as the dose and valency of Pen a 1. Using clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeat-based gene editing, human RBL(rαKO) cells were created that exclusively express the human FcεRIα subunit...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038939/skin-fragility-in-the-wild-derived-inbred-mouse-strain-mus-pahari-eij
#9
C Herbert Pratt, Christopher S Potter, Thomas J Sproule, Raoul V Kuiper, Son Yong Karst, Soheil S Dadras, Derry C Roopenian, John P Sundberg
Mus pahari is a wild-derived, inbred mouse strain. M. pahari colony managers observed fragility of this strain's skin resulting in separation of tail skin from the mouse if handled incorrectly. Tail skin tension testing of M. pahari resulted in significantly lowered force threshold for caudal skin rupture and loss in comparison to closely related inbred mouse species and subspecies and even more than a model for junctional epidermolysis bullosa. Histologically, the tail skin separated at the subdermal level with the dermis firmly attached to the epidermis, excluding the epidermolysis bullosa complex of diseases...
December 27, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024644/impact-of-macromolecular-crowding-on-structure-and-properties-of-pepsin-and-trypsin
#10
Wala Gtari, Houda Bey, Adel Aschi, Lotfi Bitri, Tahar Othman
The change of conformation of pepsin and trypsin in absence and presence of a high molecular crowding agent has been characterized using dynamic light scattering (DLS). Structural properties were investigated as a function of chemical denaturant concentrations, the guanidine hydrochloride (GdmCl). The results showed that Ficoll 400, macromolecular crowding, has a strong effect on the chemical denaturation process of these two proteins. The changes of measured hydrodynamic radius are attributed to the enhancement effect of the crowder agent due to the excluded volume effects...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010776/rational-design-for-the-stability-improvement-of-armillariella-tabescens-%C3%AE-mannanase-man47-based-on-n-glycosylation-modification
#11
Weixiong Hu, Xiaoyun Liu, Yufeng Li, Daling Liu, Zhihe Kuang, Chuiwen Qian, Dongsheng Yao
β-Mannanase has been widely used in industries such as food and feed processing and thus has been a target enzyme for biotechnological development. In this study, we sought to improve the stability and protease resistance of a recombinant β-mannanase, MAN47 from Armillariella tabescens, through rationally designed N-glycosylation. Based on homology modeling, molecular docking, secondary structure analysis and glycosylation feasibility analysis, an enhanced aromatic sequon sequence was introduced into specific MAN47 loop regions to facilitate N-glycosylation...
February 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003849/conifer-green-needle-complex-in-patients-with-precancerous-gastric-lesions-an-observational-pilot-study
#12
Vladimir Bespalov, Alexander Sherbakov, Viktor Novik, Valentin Kalinovsky, Kamran Shamsi, Vagif Soultanov
Objectives. Helicobacter pylori infection is common and can lead to precancerous gastric lesions. Standard antibiotic therapy has a failure rate of more than 25% from antibiotic resistance. The primary aim of this observational pilot study was to test the feasibility of a large-scale clinical trial of Conifer Green Needle Complex (CGNC) to treat precancerous gastric lesions. Secondary aims were to investigate H. pylori infection, stomach function, and histopathology of the gastric mucosa. Methods. A tablet form of CGNC (extracted from Pinus sylvestris and Picea abies (L) Karst) was prescribed to 26 patients with precancerous gastric lesions (two tablets, 100 mg CGNC/tablet, three times per day for six months)...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999340/equine-immunoglobulin-and-equine-neutralizing-f-ab-%C3%A2-protect-mice-from-west-nile-virus-infection
#13
Jiannan Cui, Yongkun Zhao, Hualei Wang, Boning Qiu, Zengguo Cao, Qian Li, Yanbo Zhang, Feihu Yan, Hongli Jin, Tiecheng Wang, Weiyang Sun, Na Feng, Yuwei Gao, Jing Sun, Yanqun Wang, Stanley Perlman, Jincun Zhao, Songtao Yang, Xianzhu Xia
West Nile virus (WNV) is prevalent in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, West Asia, and North America, and causes epidemic encephalitis. To date, no effective therapy for WNV infection has been developed; therefore, there is urgent need to find an efficient method to prevent WNV disease. In this study, we prepared and evaluated the protective efficacy of immune serum IgG and pepsin-digested F(ab')₂ fragments from horses immunized with the WNV virus-like particles (VLP) expressing the WNV M and E proteins. Immune equine F(ab')₂ fragments and immune horse sera efficiently neutralized WNV infection in tissue culture...
December 18, 2016: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988289/the-impact-of-n-glycosylation-on-conformation-and-stability-of-immunoglobulin-y-from-egg-yolk
#14
Long Sheng, Zhenjiao He, Jiahui Chen, Yaofa Liu, Meihu Ma, Zhaoxia Cai
Immunoglobulin Y (IgY) is a new therapeutic antibody, and its applications in industry are very broad. To provide insight into the effects of N-glycosylation on IgY, its conformation and stability were studied. In this research, IgY was extracted from egg yolk and then digested by peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl) asparagine-amidase. SDS-PAGE and infrared absorption spectrum showed that carbohydrates were distinctly reduced after enzymolysis. The circular dichroism spectrum indicated that the IgY molecule became more flexible and disordered after removal of N-glycan...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988123/short-communication-inhibition-of-angiotensin-1-converting-enzyme-by-peptides-derived-from-variants-of-bovine-%C3%AE-casein-upon-apical-exposure-to-a-caco-2-cell-monolayer
#15
Bjørn Petrat-Melin, Thao T Le, Hanne S Møller, Lotte B Larsen, Jette F Young
This study investigated the consequence of genetically contingent AA substitutions in bovine β-casein (CN) genetic variants A(1), A(2), B, and I on the structure and bioactive potential of peptides following in vitro digestion. The β-CN variants were digested in vitro using pepsin and pancreatin, and a peptide profile was obtained by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, revealing among others, the β-casomorphin precursor peptides VYPFPGPIHN and VYPFPGPIPN, derived from variant A(1)/B and from A(2)/I, respectively...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973541/the-in-vitro-effect-of-acidic-pepsin-on-nuclear-factor-kappab-activation-and-its-related-oncogenic-effect-on-normal-human-hypopharyngeal-cells
#16
Clarence T Sasaki, Julia Toman, Dimitra Vageli
BACKGROUND: Extra-esophageal carcinogenesis has been widely discussed in relation to the chronic effects of laryngopharyngeal reflux and most prominently with pepsin historically central to this discussion. With refluxate known to include gastric (pepsin) and duodenal (bile) fluids, we recently demonstrated the mechanistic role of NF-κB in mediating the preneoplastic effects of acidic-bile. However, the role of pepsin in promoting hypopharyngeal premalignant events remains historically unclear...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951472/soy-protein-concentrate-mitigates-markers-of-colonic-inflammation-and-loss-of-gut-barrier-function-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#17
Zachary T Bitzer, Amy L Wopperer, Benjamin J Chrisfield, Ling Tao, Timothy K Cooper, Jairam Vanamala, Ryan J Elias, John E Hayes, Joshua D Lambert
Whereas a number of studies have examined the effects of soy isoflavones and tocopherols on colonic inflammation, few have examined soy protein. We determined the radical scavenging and cytoprotective effects of soy protein concentrate (SPC) in vitro and its anti-inflammatory effects in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-treated mice. Cotreatment with SPC protected Caco-2 human colon cells from H2O2-induced cell death and mitigated intracellular oxidative stress. Treatment of differentiated Caco-2 cells with SPC blunted DSS-induced increases in monolayer permeability...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943449/investigation-and-comparison-of-the-binding-between-tolvaptan-and-pepsin-and-trypsin-multi-spectroscopic-approaches-and-molecular-docking
#18
Xiangling Ma, Jiawei He, Yanmei Huang, Ying Xiao, Qing Wang, Hui Li
Tolvaptan (TF), a selective arginine vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist, was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2009. This study mainly investigated the differences between the binding of TF with pepsin and trypsin by using a series of spectroscopy and molecular modeling methods. Thermodynamic parameters and molecular docking results suggested that the binding of TF to pepsin and trypsin were both spontaneous but driven by different forces. For pepsin, the binding was driven by hydrogen bonds and van der Waals forces; but for trypsin, it was driven by electrostatic forces and hydrophobic forces...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942900/developmental-changes-in-digestive-enzyme-activity-in-american-shad-alosa-sapidissima-during-early-ontogeny
#19
Xiao-Qiang Gao, Zhi-Feng Liu, Chang-Tao Guan, Bin Huang, Ji-Lin Lei, Juan Li, Zheng-Long Guo, Yao-Hui Wang, Lei Hong
In order to assess the digestive physiological capacity of the American shad Alosa sapidissima and to establish feeding protocols that match larval nutritional requirements, we investigated the ontogenesis of digestive enzymes (trypsin, amylase, lipase, pepsin, alkaline phosphatase, and leucine aminopeptidase) in larvae, from hatching to 45 days after hatching (DAH). We found that all of the target enzymes were present at hatching, except pepsin, which indicated an initial ability to digest nutrients and precocious digestive system development...
December 9, 2016: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931164/the-cleavage-site-preference-of-the-porcine-pepsin-on-the-n-terminal-%C3%AE-1-chain-of-bovine-type-i-collagen-a-focal-analysis-with-mass-spectrometry
#20
Jun Qian, Shinji Ito, Junko Satoh, Hongmin Geng, Keisuke Tanaka, Shunji Hattori, Kenji Kojima, Teisuke Takita, Kiyoshi Yasukawa
Bovine type I collagen consists of two α1 and one α2 chains, containing the internal triple helical regions and the N- and C-terminal telopeptides. In industries, it is frequently digested with porcine pepsin to produce a triple helical collagen without the telopeptides. However, the digestion mechanism is not precisely understood. Here, we performed a mass spectrometric analysis of the pepsin digest of the N-terminal telopeptide pQLSYGYDEKSTGISVP (1-16) in the α1 chain. When purified collagen was digested, pQLSYGY (1-6) and pQLSYGYDEKSTG (1-12) were identified, while DEKSTG (7-12) was not...
December 9, 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
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