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Liposomes and skin

Gert-Jan Wijnant, Katrien Van Bocxlaer, Vanessa Yardley, Andy Harris, Mo Alavijeh, Rita Silva-Pedrosa, Sandra Antunes, Isabel Mauricio, Sudaxshina Murdan, Simon L Croft
Fungisome® (F), a liposomal amphotericin B (AmB) product, is marketed in India as a safe and effective therapeutic for the parasitic infection visceral leishmaniasis. Its potential in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), a disfiguring form of the disease affecting the skin, is currently unknown. Here, we report the evaluation of the efficacy of F in the Leishmania major BALB/c murine model of CL, including a head-to-head comparison with the standard liposomal AmB formulation AmBisome® (A). Upon intravenous administration at dose levels of 5, 10 and 15 mg/kg of body weight (on days 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8), F showed clear signs of toxicity (at 15 mg/kg), while A did not...
April 12, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
Takeshi Ishino, Mayuko Hashimoto, Misato Amagasa, Natsuko Saito, Osamu Dochi, Rikio Kirisawa, Hiroshi Kitamura
Recently, gene-editing using the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/ CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) technique has attempted to utilize fibroblasts of livestock animals for somatic cell nuclear transfer. In this study, we establish the procedure for preparing skin fibroblast clones whose genes were edited by the CRISPR/Cas9 technique. After isolating fibroblasts from earlobes of Japanese Black cattle, subsequent collagenase-digestion and extensive wash procedures enabled us to avoid contamination of fungi...
2018: Biomedical Research
Suparuj Lueangarun, Chairat Sermsilp, Therdpong Tempark
BACKGROUND: Despite its effectiveness in treating primary axillary hyperhidrosis (PAH), topical botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) is highly resistant to transdermal absorption. Topical BTX-A liposomal cream is recommended as a novel, noninvasive modality to enhance skin penetration. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical BTX-A liposomal cream in comparison with liposomal vehicle cream alone in the treatment of PAH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded, split-site study was conducted in 20 subjects, aged 18 to 50 years, all of whom had symmetrical axillary sweating with Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Scale scores between 2 to 4...
April 13, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Yoshihisa Yamaji, Shinsuke Akita, Hidetaka Akita, Naoya Miura, Masaki Gomi, Ichiro Manabe, Yoshitaka Kubota, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa
Methods for quantitative analysis of long distance lymphatic transport of nanoparticles in live animals are yet to be established. We established a mouse model for analysis of time-dependent transport just beneath the abdominal skin to investigate lymph node-to-lymph node trafficking by in vivo imaging. For this purpose, popliteal lymph nodes (PLNs) as well as efferent and afferent lymphatic vessels, marginal veins, and feeding blood vessels were surgically resected to change the lymphatic flow from footpad injections...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Anne Gauthier, Andreas Fisch, Klaus Seuwen, Birgit Baumgarten, Heinz Ruffner, Alexandra Aebi, Martin Rausch, Fabian Kiessling, Matthias Bartneck, Ralf Weiskirchen, Frank Tacke, Gert Storm, Twan Lammers, Marie-Gabrielle Ludwig
Glucocorticoids are well established anti-inflammatory agents, however, their use to treat chronic inflammatory diseases is limited due to a number of serious side effects. For example, long-term local treatment of chronic wounds with glucocorticoids is prohibited by dysregulation of keratinocyte and fibroblast function, leading to skin thinning. Here, we developed and tested liposome formulations for local delivery of dexamethasone to primary human macrophages, to drive an anti-inflammatory/pro-resolution phenotype appropriate for tissue repair...
April 5, 2018: Biomaterials
Thalita Marcílio Cândido, Camila Areias De Oliveira, Maíra Bueno Ariede, Maria Valéria Robles Velasco, Catarina Rosado, André Rolim Baby
Topical application of dermocosmetics containing antioxidant and/or the intake of antioxidants through diet or supplementation are remarkable tools in an attempt to slow down some of the harmful effects of free radicals. Rutin is a strong antioxidant compound used in food and pharmaceutical industries. It was established that rutin presents a low skin permeation rate, a property that could be considered an inconvenience to the satisfactory action for a dermocosmetic formulation to perform its antioxidant activity onto the skin...
March 29, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
Sanjay Singh
Therapeutic agents aimed at inhibiting a single molecular target have not been successful in cancer therapy, but rather they impart resistance. However, multi-target inhibitors have shown promising results in circumventing the development of resistance and inducing apoptosis in cancer cells/tissues. In this study, we encapsulated doxorubicin and celecoxib in a single liposome at a ratio of 1:10. These dual drug-encapsulated liposomes showed excellent anticancer activity compared to individually encapsulated liposomes...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Ma Magdalena Alcover, Vicenç Rocamora, Ma Carmen Guillén, Diana Berenguer, Marta Cuadrado, Cristina Riera, Roser Fisa
This case report highlights the risk of severe cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) by Leishmania infantum in patients undergoing immunosuppressant therapy who either live in an endemic area or are visiting in the transmission season. The case patient, resident in Majorca (Balearic Islands), presented 12 disseminated erythematous skin lesions, 1-6 cm in diameter, located on the scalp, cheek, umbilical region, and lower extremities 8 years after undergoing anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy. Parasite presence in peripheral blood and high levels of specific antibodies were also observed, indicating a possible risk of CL shifting toward a visceral infection...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Barbara Zorec, Špela Zupančič, Julijana Kristl, Nataša Pavšelj
Here, we combined lipid nanovesicles (ethosomes, liposomes) as the drug carrier systems with two physical methods (electroporation, sonoporation) to enhance transdermal delivery of a hydrophilic model molecule, calcein. First, using different formulations, ethosomes greatly enhanced calcein permeation by passive diffusion compared to liposomes and calcein in buffer, which is most likely due to a synergism between the ethanol action on the stratum corneum lipids and the penetration of the elastic vesicles. Liposomes permeated poorly through the skin and, as also suggested by other authors, seem to remain confined to the outer layers of the skin...
March 23, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Usama Ahmad, Zeeshan Ahmad, Ahmed Abdullah Khan, Juber Akhtar, Satya Prakash Singh, Farhan Jalees Ahmad
The science of formulation involving cosmetic ingredients has always been a challenge since the release of active components greatly depends upon the carrier system involved and the selectivity of skin barrier. The principle obstacle of the skin resides in the epidermis and it's hard for many active components to cross it. The formulation related factors like size of particles, viscosity and lipophilicity of the components also play an important role in permeation of the dermal composition. Though widely used; conventional creams and gels still struggle in terms of success...
March 26, 2018: Drug Research
Tomofumi Miura, Shuichi Mitsunaga, Masafumi Ikeda, Izumi Ohno, Hideaki Takahashi, Takeshi Kuwata, Atsushi Ochiai
BACKGROUND: Neural invasion (N-inv) induces the neural damage and pain in pancreatic cancer (PCa). Benign nerve injury evokes allodynia through neuroinflammation in the neural root, which might be seen in PCa. Macrophages have the potential to release excitatory cytokines after nerve injury and so may play a role in the generation of chronic neuropathic pain. The aim of this study is to represent N-inv-induced allodynia in patients with PCa and to characterize allodynia-related neuroinflammation as macrophage accumulation on dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in the N-inv animal model (N-inv model)...
March 21, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Chien-Liang Fang, Yiwei Wang, Kevin H-Y Tsai, Hsin-I Chang
The dermis of human skin contains large numbers of fibroblasts that are responsible for the production of the extracellular matrix (ECM) that supporting skin integrity, elasticity and wound healing. Previously, an in vivo study demonstrated that dermal fibroblasts siting in the lower dermis are capable to convert into skin adipose layer and hence fibroblast lipogenesis may vary the structure and elasticity of dermis. In the present study, Hs68 human dermal fibroblasts were utilized as an in vitro model to study the lipogenesis via using adipogenic differentiation medium (ADM)...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
T Hatahet, M Morille, A Hommoss, J M Devoisselle, R H Müller, S Bégu
Quercetin is a flavonoid with strong antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities considered as a potential drug candidate for skin exogenous supplementation. Nevertheless, crude quercetin suffers from poor water solubility and consequently topical inactivity. Therefore, quercetin formulation within a suitable system that overcomes its solubility limitation is a matter of investigation. Three approaches were tested to improve quercetin delivery to skin: liposomes, lipid nanocapsules (LNC) and smartCrystals®...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
João Gabriel Guimarães Luz, Danilo Bueno Naves, Amanda Gabriela de Carvalho, Gilvani Alves Meira, João Victor Leite Dias, Cor Jesus Fernandes Fontes
The Brazilian municipality of Rondonópolis, Mato Grosso State, represents an important visceral leishmaniasis (VL) endemic area. This study described epidemiological and clinical aspects of the occurrence, VL/HIV coinfection and lethality related to VL in Rondonópolis. Data from autochthonous cases reported between 2011 and 2016 were obtained from official information systems. During this period, 81 autochthonous cases were reported, with decreasing incidence through 2016. Contrastingly, the lethality rate was 8...
March 8, 2018: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Ana Claudia Pompeu Raminelli, Valeria Romero, Mohammad H Semreen, Gislaine Ricci Leonardi
The clinical efficacy of the topical tretinoin is widely studied and has been well established for many therapeutic interventions, among some, photoaging, acne, and melasma. However, the side effects, mainly cutaneous irritation, erythema, xerosis and peeling, remain major obstacle to the patient compliance. Besides, the insight regarding the drug delivery profile is essential to understand the therapeutic action of the drug. Herein we highlight further advances and an update on tretinoin delivery systems such as liposomes, niosomes, solid lipid nanoparticles, nanostructured lipid carriers, cyclodextrins, nanostructured polymers and other technological systems that reduce its side effects and improve the permeation profile to potentiate efficacy and drug safety on the skin...
March 12, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Syed Mahmood, Uttam Kumar Mandal, Bappaditya Chatterjee
Raloxifene HCl belongs to a class of selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) which is used for the management of breast cancer. The major problem reported with raloxifene is its poor bioavailability which is only up to 2%. The main objective of the present work was to formulate raloxifene loaded ethosomal preparation for transdermal application and compare it with an oral formulation of the drug. Five ethosomal formulations with different concentrations of ethanol and a conventional liposomes formulation were prepared by rotary evaporation method...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Anna Pielesz, Andrzej Gawłowski, Dorota Biniaś, Rafał Bobiński, Marek Kawecki, Agnieszka Klama-Baryła, Diana Kitala, Wojciech Łabuś, Justyna Glik, Jadwiga Paluch
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is one of the most versatile solvents in biological science, therefore it is frequently used as a solvent in biological studies and as a vehicle for drug therapy. DMSO readily penetrates, diffuses through biological membranes and ipso facto increases fluidity of liposomal membranes modelling stratum corneum. Thermal injury is associated with the appearance of lipid peroxidation products in the burned skin. The influence of DMSO on protein structure and stability is concentration and temperature dependant...
February 13, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Hongwei Lin, Qingchun Xie, Xin Huang, Junfeng Ban, Bo Wang, Xing Wei, Yanzhong Chen, Zhufen Lu
Aim: The aim of this work was to develop a novel vesicular carrier, ultradeformable liposomes (UDLs), to expand the applications of the Chinese herbal medicine, imperatorin (IMP), and increase its transdermal delivery. Methods: In this study, we prepared IMP-loaded UDLs using the thin-film hydration method and evaluated their encapsulation efficiency, vesicle deformability, skin permeation, and the amounts accumulated in different depths of the skin in vitro. The influence of different charged surfactants on the properties of the UDLs was also investigated...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
F A Guardiola, A Bahi, A M Jiménez-Monreal, M Martínez-Tomé, M A Murcia, M A Esteban
Improving fish defense through the preventive administration of immunostimulants has an important role in controlling the outbreak of the disease in aquaculture. As a continuity of our previous studies, this paper describes the effects of dietary fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) seeds on the skin mucosal antioxidant status and immune response of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.). Fish were fed with four experimental diets: one a basal diet (control) and three diets with powdered fenugreek seeds incorporated in the fish feed at 1%, 5%, and 10%...
February 17, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Kathryn A Guerriero, Steven R Wilson, Nabil E Boutagy, Chi Liu, Albert J Sinusas, Caroline J Zeiss
An adult female beagle (Canis lupus familiaris) used in a model of doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy presented with epithelial desquamation on the shoulders and ventrum after receiving the 8th weekly intravenous dose of the free form of doxorubicin (20 mg/m2; total accumulation, 160 mg/m2). The lesions were empirically treated with topical disinfectants and topical and systemic antibiotics. Despite treatment, the lesions progressed and ulcerated. Bacterial culture revealed Staphylococcus aureus, but trichogram, skin scraping, and fungal culture were negative for microorganisms...
February 1, 2018: Comparative Medicine
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