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Exenteration pelvic surgery

Brandon-Luke L Seagle, Megan Dayno, Anna E Strohl, Stephen Graves, Wilberto Nieves-Neira, Shohreh Shahabi
OBJECTIVE: To determine overall survival (OS) and factors associated with OS after pelvic exenteration for uterine cancer. METHODS: Women with uterine cancer who underwent exenteration (n=1160) were identified from the 1998-2011 National Cancer Data Base. Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox proportional-hazards survival analyses were performed to test for associations of potential explanatory variables with OS. Analyzed confounders included age, comorbidity score, insurance status, income, distance from home to treatment center, stage, distant and nodal metastasis, tumor size, surgical margin status, exenteration type, and treatment with radiation and/or chemotherapy...
October 16, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Aaron J Quyn, Michael J Solomon, Peter M Lee, Tim Badgery-Parker, Lindy M Masya, Jane M Young
BACKGROUND: Locally advanced pelvic malignancy can be associated with disabling symptoms and reduced quality of life. If resectable with clear margins, a pelvic exenteration can offer long-term survival and improved quality of life. Its role in the palliation of symptoms has been described; however, the clinical outcomes and surgical indication are poorly defined. OBJECTIVE: This study describes the clinical and quality-of-life outcomes after palliative pelvic exenteration for advanced pelvic malignancy...
November 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Nikolas Katelaris, Declan Murphy, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Athos Katelaris, Daniel Moon
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery for metastatic prostate cancer is an emerging area of interest with a potential upside that includes local control, delayed initiation of hormone therapy, and possibly improved cancer specific survival. In order for radical prostatectomy to be an effective treatment option for men in this group, the benefits must outweigh the surgical morbidity. The aim of this study was to present a case series and assess the literature feasibility of cytoreductive surgery for men with metastatic prostate cancer...
September 2016: Prostate International
Violante Di Donato, Michele Carlo Schiavi, Ilary Ruscito, Virginia Sibilla Visentin, Innocenza Palaia, Claudia Marchetti, Margherita Fischetti, Marco Monti, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
BACKGROUND: To assess the clinical efficacy and prognostic outcome of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) plus radical surgery (RS) as front line treatment in patients with FIGO stage III cervical cancer (CC). METHODS: In this retrospective study, 52 FIGO stage III CC patients treated from 2005 to 2015 were included. All patients received platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients reporting clinical response or stable disease after NACT underwent to RS and bilateral systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy with or without aortic lymphadenectomy or anterior exenteration...
September 27, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Clemens B Tempfer, Matthias W Beckmann
Depending on the stage at initial presentation, cervical cancer will recur in 25-61% of women. Typical manifestations of recurrent cervical cancer include the central pelvis and the pelvic side walls as well as retroperitoneal lymph node basins in the pelvis and the para-aortic region, and - more rarely - supraclavicular lymph nodes. There are no typical symptoms of recurrent cervical cancer. Women with suspected recurrence after cervical cancer based on gynecological examination or organ-specific symptoms must undergo imaging studies and - if technically feasible - biopsy with histological verification, especially in cases of distant metastases, in order to rule out a second primary...
2016: Oncology Research and Treatment
Kirk K S Austin, Andrew J Herd, Michael J Solomon, Ken Ly, Peter J Lee
INTRODUCTION: Neoplasms infiltrating the pubic bone have until recently been considered a contraindication to surgery. Paucity of existing published data in regard to surgical techniques and outcomes exist. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to address outcomes of our recently published technique for en bloc composite pubic bone excision during pelvic exenteration. DESIGN: A prospective database was reviewed to identify patients who underwent a partial or complete pubic bone composite excision over a 12-year period...
September 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Kengo Hayashi, Masanori Kotake, Daiki Kakiuchi, Sho Yamada, Masahiro Hada, Yosuke Kato, Chikashi Hiranuma, Kaeko Oyama, Takuo Hara
A 59-year-old man presenting with fecal occult blood visited our hospital. He was diagnosed with advanced lower rectal cancer, which was contiguous with the prostate and the left seminal vesicle. There were no metastatic lesions with lymph nodes or other organs. We performed laparoscopic total pelvic exenteration (LTPE) using transanal minimal invasive surgery technique with bilateral en bloc lateral lymph node dissection for advanced primary rectal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. The total operative time was 760 min, and the estimated blood loss was 200 ml...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Charlotte Ngô, Caroline Cornou, Léa Rossi, Anne-Sophie Bats, Chérazade Bensaid, Albane Frati, Claude Nos, Fabrice Lécuru
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Robotically assisted laparoscopy has been introduced in the armamentarium of gynaecologic oncology surgeons. A lot of studies compared robotic surgery and laparotomy when the real issue is to demonstrate the interest and added value of robotically assisted laparoscopy versus standard laparoscopy. In this review, we will describe the most meaningful indications and advantages of robotically assisted laparoscopy in gynaecologic oncology. RECENT FINDINGS: The learning curve for advanced procedures in robot-assisted laparoscopy is shorter and easier than with the standard laparoscopy, especially for beginners...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Oncology
Roberto Berretta, Federico Marchesi, Lavinia Volpi, Giulio Ricotta, Michela Monica, Giulio Sozzi, Maurizio Di Serio, Daniele Mautone
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical outcomes and postoperative quality of life in patients affected by locally advanced ovarian cancer who underwent pelvic posterior exenteration with Hudson-Delle Piane radical retrograde hysterectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study was done on a retrospective cohort using data from 22 patients who underwent surgery between 2010 and 2014 at the Gynecological Oncologic Center of Parma, Parma, Italy. RESULTS: Residual disease after surgery (Sugarbacker index) was absent (CC-0) in 68% of cases...
June 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
M Bocková, J Hoch, L Frajer
UNLABELLED: Perineal hernia is defined as a protrusion of intra-abdominal viscera through a defect in the pelvic floor. Primary hernias are extremely rare; secondary (postoperative) hernias following pelvic surgery, especially abdominoperineal resection or pelvic exenteration, are more common. Impaired perineal wound healing and neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in cancer patients are defined as main risk factors. A growing incidence of this complication is expected in connection with an increasing use of laparoscopic approaches and ELAPE...
2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Yu Guang Tan, Grace Tan, David Tan, Claramae S Chia, Dun Yong Ang, Melissa C C Teo
BACKGROUND: In locally advanced pelvic malignancies, there is often involvement of urological organs, necessitating resection and reconstruction, which can be associated with significant complications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 20 patients undergoing urological reconstructions during pelvic oncological surgeries from January 2004 to December 2013. All patients had imaging-proven involvement of at least one urological organ preoperatively. Primary outcome was urological complication rate...
June 14, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
Stefano Gentileschi, Maria Servillo, Giorgia Garganese, Fragomeni Simona, Giovanni Scambia, Marzia Salgarello
OBJECTIVE: Ablative surgery for vulvar cancer can involve the resection of perineum, vagina, urethra, groins, mons pubis, and abdominal wall creating complex defects. In our opinion, ALT flap is an ideal flap for reconstruction, because of low incidence of complications, long pedicle outside the radiotherapy field, capability of carrying fascia and muscle, possibility of sensate reconstruction, and low donor site morbidity. The purpose of this report is to describe our experience with ALT flap for reconstruction after vulvar cancer extirpative surgery, discussing our indications for complex defects and focusing on its versatility...
June 8, 2016: Microsurgery
P Rema, S Suchetha, Iqbal Ahmed
Primary malignant melanoma of vagina is a rare variant of melanoma and usually associated with a grave prognosis. Radical surgery is the only treatment option with reasonable loco regional control. A case of primary malignant melanoma involving whole of vagina infiltrating urethra and reaching up to vulva was treated by surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. The tumor was infiltrating bladder and rectum reaching the anal sphincter. Total pelvic exenteration was done to achieve tumor-free surgical margins. One year after treatment, patient is disease free...
February 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
M Deberne, M-O Timsit, V Verkarre, D Eiss, S Kreps, S Dupont, M Housset
PURPOSE: To retrospectively analyse female patients treated for urethral adenocarcinoma, modalities of treatment and long-term outcomes. PATIENTS: Four cases of primary female urethral adenocarcinoma were treated in the departments of urology and radiation-oncology at Georges-Pompidou and Necker hospitals (France) over a 7-year period. RESULTS: All of them underwent surgery, with three presenting stage pT3-pT4 and one a positive cytology on inguinal node...
May 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Daniel D Shapiro, Miriam Harel, Fernando Ferrer, Patrick H McKenna
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric genitourinary rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) accounts for 25 % of all pediatric soft tissue sarcomas. The treatment of these tumors has shifted over time from debilitating radical exenteration to organ-sparing techniques using multimodal therapy. Our review aims to summarize recent relevant literature regarding the current treatment practices of pediatric genitourinary RMS and how these practices have shifted over time. METHODS: PubMed database search was utilized to identify relevant literature from 1997 to 2015 relating to the treatment of pediatric genitourinary RMS with emphasis on organ preservation and maintaining organ function...
July 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
A J Quyn, K K S Austin, J M Young, T Badgery-Parker, L M Masya, R Roberts, M J Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Radical surgery with pelvic exenteration offers the only potential for cure in patients with locally advanced primary rectal cancer. This study describes the clinical and patient-reported quality of life outcomes over 12 months for patients having pelvic exenteration for locally advanced primary rectal cancer at a specialised centre for pelvic exenteration. METHODS: Clinical data of consecutive patients undergoing pelvic exenteration for locally advanced primary rectal cancer and patient-reported outcomes were collected at baseline, hospital discharge and at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months...
June 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Heather Wolfe, Kristen Bunch, Michael Stany
BACKGROUND: Endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESSs) are rare, indolent tumors with high recurrence rates. Management includes surgery and hormonal therapy given high estrogen and progesterone receptor (ER/PR) expression. CASE: A pre-menopausal patient with stage II ESSs (ER +/PR +) underwent primary surgery followed by adjuvant megestrol. Recurrence in the bladder/upper vagina (ER +/PR -) was diagnosed one year later and treated with anterior pelvic exenteration and adjuvant letrozole...
January 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Chihiro Kosugi, Keiji Koda, Kuniya Tanaka, Masato Suzuki, Masato Yamazaki, Kiyohiko Shuto, Kenichi Matsuo, Atsushi Hirano, Hidehito Arimitsu, Risa Shiragami, Hideki Yasuda
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with highly advanced rectal cancer for whom radical surgery was considered difficult were evaluated. METHODOLOGY: From June 2007 to February 2011, 10 advanced lower rectal cancer patients with factors contraindicative of curative surgery with total mesenteric excision were eligible for this study. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of modified OPTIMOX1 (mFOLFOX6 and sLV5FU2 alternating administration) plus bevacizumab was administered...
June 2015: Hepato-gastroenterology
H Sardain, V Lavoué, F Foucher, J Levêque
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to assess the preoperative management in case of recurrent cervical cancer, to assess patients for a surgical curative treatment. METHODS: English publications were searched using PubMed and Cochrane Library. RESULTS: In the purpose of curative surgery, pelvic exenteration required clear margins. Today, only half of pelvic exenteration procedures showed postoperative clear margins. Modern imaging (RMI and Pet-CT) does not allow defining local extension of microcopic disease, and thus postoperative clear margins...
April 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
I A Solovyov, M V Vasilchenko, A B Lychev, S V Ambartsumyan, V V Alekseev
The aim of investigation is to improve surgical treatment of patients with locally advanced pelvic cancer. The basis of investigation is 186 patients with locally advanced pelvic cancer. The average age of patients is 65.2 ± 5.2 years (from 43.7 to 88.4 years). Among them are 112 women and 74 men. In the period from 2007 to 2015 they were carried out combined (101 patients) and expanded (85 patients) surgical intervention in the department of naval surgery of the Military medical academy after S.M.Kirov. Pelvic evisceration was performed in 63 cases...
September 2015: Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ Zhurnal
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