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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182020/effect-of-ayurveda-medications-kas%C3%A4-sa-bhasma-and-dh%C3%A4-tr%C3%A4-avaleha-on-iron-deficiency-anaemia-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Basavaraj Ramappa Tubaki, Jyoti Mahadev Benni, Niranjan Rao, Uchangi Nagaraja Rao Prasad
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the role that Ayurveda can play in the management of Iron Deficiency Anaemia, a major nutritional deficiency disorder affecting people across the globe. METHODOLOGY: Forty (40) patients suffering from Iron deficiency anaemia as per WHO guidelines, between the age group of 20 to 60 yrs of either sex participated in the study. Study was a randomized, controlled, open label clinical study. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: Group D (n = 20) received Dhārī avaleha 10 g twice a day after food...
July 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150038/choroidal-structures-in-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-neovascular-age-related-maculopathy-and-healthy-eyes-determined-by-binarization-of-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomographic-images
#2
Malini Bakthavatsalam, Danny Siu-Chun Ng, Frank Hiu-Ping Lai, Fang Yao Tang, Mårten Erik Brelén, Chi Wai Tsang, Timothy Yuk-Yau Lai, Carol Yim-Lui Cheung
PURPOSE: To evaluate quantitatively the choroidal vascularity in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) and neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients compared to healthy controls. METHODS: All eyes underwent swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT), and choroidal images were binarized into blood vessels lumen and stroma. The choroidal vascular index (CVI) was defined as the ratio of luminal area (LA) over total choroidal area of the subfoveal region with a width of 1500 μm...
February 1, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146590/epidemiology-of-otitis-media-with-spontaneous-perforation-of-the-tympanic-membrane-in-young-children-and-association-with-bacterial-nasopharyngeal-carriage-recurrences-and-pneumococcal-vaccination-in-catalonia-spain-the-prospective-hermes-study
#3
Robert Cilveti, Montserrat Olmo, Josefa Pérez-Jove, Juan-José Picazo, Josep-Lluis Arimany, Emiliano Mora, Tomás M Pérez-Porcuna, Ignacio Aguilar, Aurora Alonso, Francesc Molina, María Del Amo, Cristina Mendez
The Epidemiology of otitis media with spontaneous perforation of the tympanic membrane and associated nasopharyngeal carriage of bacterial otopathogens was analysed in a county in Catalonia (Spain) with pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) not included in the immunization programme at study time. A prospective, multicentre study was performed in 10 primary care centres and 2 hospitals (June 2011-June 2014), including all otherwise healthy children ≥2 months ≤8 years with otitis media presenting spontaneous tympanic perforation within 48h...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127341/parasitic-burdens-egg-output-hemathologic-and-biochemical-changes-in-naturally-infected-lambs-with-dicrocoelium-dendriticum
#4
Hadi Samadie, Gholamreza Mohammadi, Mohammad Heidarpour, Mohammad Azizzadeh, Mohsen Maleki, Hassan Borji
BACKGROUND: We investigated the variations of heamathologic and biochemical parameters with different parasitic burdens and the correlation between fecal egg counts and fluke number in livers of sheep naturally infected with Dicrocoelium dendriticum. METHODS: In order to detect excretion of D. dendriticum eggs, fecal samples from 120 sheep of different age groups were collected individually at slaughterhouse in Neyshabur County in Razavi Khorasan Province during December 2013 - October 2014...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107068/successful-treatment-of-suspected-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-a-mealy-amazon-parrot-amazona-farinose
#5
Sean M Brady, Anne Burgdorf-Moisuk, Sarah Silverman, Raymund F Wack
A 25-year-old, male mealy Amazon parrot (Amazona farinose) with a history of polycythemia, hepatomegaly, and epistaxis was evaluated for progressive lethargy and anorexia. Clinical laboratory testing revealed severe polycythemia (71%), hypophosphatemia (1.6 mg/dL), and mild hypokalemia (2.8 mEq/L). Radiographs showed marked hepatomegaly and loss of air sac space. Despite supportive treatments, the bird's condition deteriorated, and it developed ataxia, was unable to fly, and became oxygen dependent. An echocardiogram, including an air bubble study, revealed a right-to-left atrial shunt and presumed pulmonary arterial hypertension...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099573/hematological-and-morphometric-differences-of-blood-cells-from-rheas-rhea-americana-struthioniformes-rheidae-on-two-conservation-farms
#6
S S M Gallo, N B Ederli, F C R Oliveira
Today, blood tests are an indispensable tool in avian medicine. This study aimed to describe and compare hematological and morphometric data of erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes of rhea, Rhea americana. To do so, 58 rheas of both sexes on two farms, one in Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, Espírito Santo (ES), and the other in São Carlos, São Paulo (SP), were selected. Blood samples were taken and their RBC counts, PCV and Hb levels were determined and used in hematimetric index calculations. The total and differentiated leukocyte counts and the TPP and fibrinogen serum levels were also obtained...
January 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096609/studies-on-alterations-of-clinical-and-hemato-biochemical-parameters-before-and-after-treatment-in-calves-naturally-infected-with-theileriosis
#7
J P Kachhawa, Surender Kumar, Ankita Sharma, A P Singh, Anil Ahuja
AIM: The aim was to determine hemato-biochemical alterations and to determine the better treatment of theileriosis in naturally infected calves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 74 Holstein crossbred calves below 6 months of age, of either sex were included for present investigation in Bikaner. Based on the clinical examinations and laboratory results, 20 calves included for hemato-biochemical studies (before and after treatment) and divided into two groups (having 10 calves each)...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091356/resistance-to-gastrointestinal-parasite-infection-in-djallonk%C3%A3-sheep
#8
A Traoré, D R Notter, A Soudre, A Kaboré, I Álvarez, I Fernández, M Sanou, M Shamshuddin, K Periasamy, H H Tamboura, F Goyache
Gastrointestinal parasitism places serious constraints on small ruminant production. The situation has been exacerbated by development of drug resistance in many parasite populations, leading to interest in identification of animals with genetically mediated resistance or tolerance to nematode infections. This study assessed the response to natural infection with gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) in Djallonké sheep during the rainy season in the Sudan-Guinea Savannah region of Burkina Faso. Haemonchus contortus is the most prevalent GIN at this site and time...
January 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072500/ultrasound-guided-intracardiac-xenotransfusion-of-canine-packed-red-blood-cells-and-epinephrine-to-the-left-ventricle-of-a-severely-anemic-cat-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#9
Liron Oron, Yaron Bruchim, Sigal Klainbart, Efrat Kelmer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of an ultrasound-guided intracardiac xenotransfusion of canine packed red blood cells (pRBC) to the left ventricle of a severely anemic cat during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). CASE SUMMARY: An 8-year-old previously healthy neutered female cat was presented with severe weakness after she had disappeared for 1 month. On presentation, the cat was in hypovolemic shock, laterally recumbent, and severely anemic with massive flea infestation...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070670/the-impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-on-community-acquired-pneumonia-hospitalizations-in-children-with-comorbidity
#10
Ellinor Sterky, Rutger Bennet, Ann Lindstrand, Margareta Eriksson, Anna Nilsson
: The burden of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in high-income countries is still significant. The introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) has reduced the overall need for hospitalization for CAP. However, it is not clear whether children with underlying disease also have benefitted from the PCV immunization programme. Children 0 to <5 years of age hospitalized with CAP and discharged with an ICD-10 code of J13-J18.9 between November 1, 2005, and April 30, 2007 (pre-vaccination period), and November 1, 2010, and April 30, 2012 (post-vaccination period), were eligible for this study...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068330/loss-of-p53-induces-leukemic-transformation-in-a-murine-model-of-jak2-v617f-driven-polycythemia-vera
#11
T Tsuruta-Kishino, J Koya, K Kataoka, K Narukawa, Y Sumitomo, H Kobayashi, T Sato, M Kurokawa
As leukemic transformation of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) worsens the clinical outcome, reducing the inherent risk of the critical event in MPN cases could be beneficial. Among genetic alterations concerning the transformation, the frequent one is TP53 mutation. Here we show that retroviral overexpression of Jak2 V617F mutant into wild-type p53 murine bone marrow cells induced polycythemia vera (PV) in the recipient mice, whereas Jak2 V617F-transduced p53-null mice developed lethal leukemia after the preceding PV phase...
January 9, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066834/the-role-of-ventilation-mode-using-a-laryngeal-mask-airway-during-gynecological-laparoscopy-on-lung-mechanics-hemodynamic-response-and-blood-gas-analysis
#12
Mohammad Hossein Jarahzadeh, Iman Halvaei, Farshid Rahimi-Bashar, Shekoufeh Behdad, Rouhollah Abbasizadeh Nasrabady, Elahe Yasaei
BACKGROUND: There are two methods for ventilation in gynecological laparoscopy: volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV). OBJECTIVE: To compare the lung mechanics, hemodynamic response and arterial blood gas analysis and gas exchange of two modes of VCV and PCV using laryngeal mask airway (LMA) at different time intervals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty infertile women referred for diagnostic laparoscopy, based on ventilation mode, were randomly divided into two groups of VCV (tidal volume: 10 ml/kg) and PCV...
December 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058151/characteristics-of-fundus-autofluorescence-in-active-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy
#13
Zafer Öztaş, Jale Menteş, Serhad Nalçacı, Mine Barış
OBJECTIVES: To define characteristic fundus autofluorescence (FAF) findings in eyes with active polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five eyes of 29 patients with active PCV who were diagnosed at Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Retina Division between January 2012 and November 2014 were included in the study. All the patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination including fundus photography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, FAF photography, and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA)...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039643/respiratory-dynamics-and-dead-space-to-tidal-volume-ratio-of-volume-controlled-versus-pressure-controlled-ventilation-during-prolonged-gynecological-laparoscopic-surgery
#14
Ming Lian, Xiao Zhao, Hong Wang, Lianhua Chen, Shitong Li
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic operations have become longer and more complex and applied to a broader patient population in the last decades. Prolonged gynecological laparoscopic surgeries require prolonged pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position, which can influence respiratory dynamics and other measurements of pulmonary function. We investigated the differences between volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) and tried to determine the more efficient ventilation mode during prolonged pneumoperitoneum in gynecological laparoscopy...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027559/the-contribution-of-hereditary-thrombophilia-to-increasing-the-frequency-of-thrombosis-in-patients-with-ph-negative-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-including-the-victims-from-the-chornobyl-accident
#15
O Y Mishcheniuk, V M Shkarupa, O M Kostukevich, L V Neumerzhitcka, S M Kravchenko, S V Klymenko
OBJECTIVE: The definition of a contribution of the carriage of the G1691A allele of thecoagulation factor V gene and the G20210A allele of the coagulation factor II gene in the development of thrombosis in Ph negative myeloprolifer ative neoplasms (MPN) patients, who were irradiated in the dose range 0,001 0,99 Gy and who were not. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and molecular genetic characteristics of patients with radiation associated and spontaneous polycythemia vera (PV), essential trombotsytemiya (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) were ana lyzed...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027283/divergent-memory-b-cell-responses-in-a-mixed-infant-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-schedule
#16
Johannes Trück, Ruth Mitchell, Sena Jawad, Elizabeth A Clutterbuck, Matthew D Snape, Dominic F Kelly, Merryn Voysey, Andrew J Pollard
BACKGROUND: Vaccine-induced immunity against pneumococcal infection relies on the generation of high concentrations of antibody and B-cell memory. Both the 10- and the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV-10 and PCV-13) effectively reduce disease caused by vaccine serotypes. It is unknown whether the generation of B-cell memory requires several doses of the same vaccine or whether different PCVs are interchangeable. METHODS: Children in the UK (n=178) who had previously received PCV-13 at 2 and 4 months were randomized 1:1 to receive a PCV-13 or PCV-10 booster at age 12 months...
December 23, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996380/a-reflection-on-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-and-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccination-coverage-in-children-in-southern-europe-2009-2016
#17
Marta Moreira, Olga Castro, Melissa Palmieri, Sofia Efklidou, Stefano Castagna, Bernard Hoet
Higher-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) were licensed from 2009 in Europe; similar worldwide clinical effectiveness was observed for PCVs in routine use. Despite a proven medical need, PCV vaccination in Southern Europe remained suboptimal until 2015/16. We searched PubMed for manuscripts published between 2009 and mid-2016. Included manuscripts had to contain data about invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) incidence, or vaccination coverage with higher-valent PCVs. This review represents the first analysis of vaccination coverage and impact of higher-valent PCVs on overall IPD in Southern European countries (Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece, Cyprus)...
December 20, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991718/polycythemia-vera-and-essential-thrombocythemia-2017-update-on-diagnosis-risk-stratification-and-management
#18
Ayalew Tefferi, Tiziano Barbui
DISEASE OVERVIEW: Polycythemia Vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) are myeloproliferative neoplasms respectively characterized by erythrocytosis and thrombocytosis; other disease features include leukocytosis, splenomegaly, thrombosis, bleeding, microcirculatory symptoms, pruritus, and risk of leukemic or fibrotic transformation. DIAGNOSIS: PV is defined by a JAK2 mutation, whose absence, combined with normal or increased serum erythropoietin level, makes the diagnosis unlikely...
January 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986195/interchangeability-between-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Alison Lee, Ariel Bardach, Demián Glujovsky, Lucila Rey-Ares, María Luisa Cafferata, Pilar Valanzasca, Sebastián García Martí
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy, cost-effectiveness, immunogenicity, and safety related to the interchangeability between pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) and vaccination schedules in pediatric population. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in December 2010 and April 2015 for economic evaluations in MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Web sites and databases from medical societies, experts, and associations related to the topic, proceedings or congressional annals, and doctoral theses were also searched...
December 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956541/psychological-symptoms-among-patients-with-bcr-abl-negative-myeloproliferative-neoplasms
#20
Daniel C McFarland, Heather Polizzi, John Mascarenhas, Marina Kremyanskaya, Jimmie Holland, Ronald Hoffman
BACKGROUND: BCR-ABL-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) represent a heterogeneous group of diseases, including essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and myelofibrosis (MF). Psychological manifestations among these diseases have not been adequately described. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys measuring distress, anxiety, and depression were collected from patients with BCR-ABL-negative MPNs from May 2015 to October 2015. Participants provided demographic information and completed the Distress Thermometer and Problem List (DT&PL) to assess distress and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) to assess distress, anxiety, and depression...
December 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
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