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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304249/diagnosis-and-management-of-polycythemia-vera-in-a-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#1
Kim Le, Hugues Beaufrère, Laura L Bassel, Sarah Wills, Delphine Laniesse, Shauna L Blois, Dale A Smith
A 5-y-old female ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was evaluated for diarrhea, anorexia, and lethargy for 1 wk. Only mild dehydration was detected on physical examination. CBC analysis revealed marked erythrocytosis with an unremarkable plasma biochemistry panel; follow-up CBC analyses revealed a consistent primary erythrocytosis. Whole-body radiographs and abdominal ultrasonography were unremarkable except for a small nephrolith in the right kidney and a small cyst in the left kidney. The plasma erythropoietin level was 17...
December 1, 2016: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298784/ventilation-of-nonparalyzed-patients-under-anesthesia-with-laryngeal-mask-airway-comparison-of-three-modes-of-ventilation-volume-controlled-ventilation-pressure-controlled-ventilation-and-pressure-controlled-ventilation-volume-guarantee
#2
Maroun Badwi Ghabach, Elie M El Hajj, Rouba D El Dib, Jeanette M Rkaiby, May S Matta, May R Helou
BACKGROUND: Pressure controlled ventilation (PCV) is the preferable mode of ventilation of nonparalyzed patients undergoing anesthesia with laryngeal mask airway (LMA) as compared to volume controlled ventilation (VCV) and spontaneously breathing patient. In this study, we compared the PC-volume guarantee (PC-VG) mode of ventilation with VCV and PCV modes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status Classes I and II, scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia with a classic LMA were ventilated, subsequently, with the three modes of ventilation: VCV, PCV, and PC-VG for 10 min each mode...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291640/pegylated-interferon-alfa-2a-in-patients-with-essential-thrombocythaemia-or-polycythaemia-vera-a-post-hoc-median-83-month-follow-up-of-an-open-label-phase-2-trial
#3
Lucia Masarova, Keyur P Patel, Kate J Newberry, Jorge Cortes, Gautam Borthakur, Marina Konopleva, Zeev Estrov, Hagop Kantarjian, Srdan Verstovsek
BACKGROUND: Pegylated interferon alfa-2a is an immunomodulatory agent used to treat polycythemia vera. The durability of responses and long-term safety of this drug in patients with polycythaemia vera and essential thrombocythaemia have not been reported. Here, we present long-term efficacy and safety data from a single-centre, open-label, phase 2 trial, after a median of 83 months follow up. METHODS: Patients older than 18 years who were diagnosed with essential thrombocythaemia or polycythaemia vera according to 2001 WHO criteria were eligible to enrol in our study...
March 10, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289429/hematological-and-plasma-biochemical-parameters-in-a-wild-population-of-naja-naja-linnaeus-1758-in-sri-lanka
#4
Duminda S B Dissanayake, Lasanthika D Thewarage, Rathnayake M P Manel Rathnayake, Senanayake A M Kularatne, Jamburagoda G Shirani Ranasinghe, Rajapakse P V Jayantha Rajapakse
BACKGROUND: Hematological studies of any animal species comprise an important diagnostic method in veterinary medicine and an essential tool for the conservation of species. In Sri Lanka, this essential technique has been ignored in studies of many species including reptiles. The aim of the present work was to establish a reference range of hematological values and morphological characterization of wild spectacled cobras (Naja naja) in Sri Lanka in order to provide a diagnostic tool in the assessment of health condition in reptiles and to diagnose diseases in wild populations...
2017: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282034/prognostic-impact-of-bone-marrow-fibrosis-in-polycythemia-vera-validation-of-the-iwg-mrt-study-and-additional-observations
#5
D Barraco, S Cerquozzi, C A Hanson, R P Ketterling, A Pardanani, N Gangat, A Tefferi
In 2012, the International Working Group for Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN) Research and Treatment (IWG-MRT) reported an associations between mild bone marrow (BM) fibrosis (⩾grade 1) in polycythemia vera (PV) and a lower incidence of thrombosis during the clinical course and a higher risk of fibrotic progression. The objective in the current study of 262 patients with PV was to validate these observations and also identify other risk factors for myelofibrosis-free survival (MFFS). About 127 (48%) patients displayed ⩾grade 1 reticulin fibrosis at the time of diagnosis; presenting clinical and laboratory features were not significantly different between patients with or without BM fibrosis...
March 10, 2017: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266609/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-retreatment-after-three-monthly-aflibercept-therapy-for-exudative-age-related-macular-degeneration
#6
Wataru Kikushima, Yoichi Sakurada, Seigo Yoneyama, Atsushi Sugiyama, Naohiko Tanabe, Atsuki Kume, Fumihiko Mabuchi, Hiroyuki Iijima
Though anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy has become the standard treatment for exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD), retreatment after the initial loading injection is inevitable in most eyes with residual or recurrent exudative changes. In the present study, we studied 140 treatment naïve eyes with typical neovascular AMD (n = 71) or polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) (n = 69) and investigated the incidence and risk factors of retreatment after 3-monthly intravitreal aflibercept injection for exudative AMD during the 12-month period...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249015/impact-of-ten-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-on-pneumonia-in-finnish-children-in-a-nation-wide-population-based-study
#7
Arto A Palmu, Hanna Rinta-Kokko, Hanna Nohynek, J Pekka Nuorti, Terhi M Kilpi, Jukka Jokinen
BACKGROUND: The ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) was introduced into the Finnish National Vaccination Program (NVP) in September 2010 using a 2+1 schedule (3, 5, 12 months). We estimated the direct and indirect effects of PCV10 on pneumonia among children to evaluate the public health impact of the vaccine. METHODS: We conducted a nation-wide population-based, observational study comparing rates of pneumonia in children before and after the NVP introduction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244176/can-infant-vaccination-prevent-pneumococcal-meningitis-outbreaks-in-sub-saharan-africa
#8
EDITORIAL
James M Stuart
The WHO Strategic Advisory Group of Experts is reviewing the technical evidence to inform policy on optimal use of infant pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV)(1). Since 2010, multivalent vaccines (PCV-10, PCV-13) have been successfully introduced with the support of Gavi the Vaccine Alliance into infant immunisation programmes across the developing world(2). One recommended schedule consists of three doses under the age of 6 months (3+0), with the aim of providing maximum protection to infants, the age group at highest risk of pneumococcal disease(3)...
February 28, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241944/cerebrovascular-events-as-presenting-manifestations-of-myeloproliferative-neoplasm
#9
E Ong, F Barraco, N Nighoghossian, A Praire, V Desestret, L Derex, A Vighetto, D Biotti
AIM: To determine the incidence and main characteristics of cerebrovascular events as the presenting manifestations of myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN). METHODS: The Hematology in Lyon (HEMILY) registry is a prospective database (763 patients) of all cases of MPN diagnosed since 2005 in the Rhône-Alpes district of France. The MPN cases were divided into four groups: polycythemia vera (PV); essential thrombocythemia (ET); myelofibrosis (MF); and atypical MPN. The ischemic stroke subtype was classified according to TOAST criteria...
November 2016: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182020/effect-of-ayurveda-medications-kas%C3%A4-sa-bhasma-and-dh%C3%A4-tr%C3%A4-avaleha-on-iron-deficiency-anaemia-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Basavaraj Ramappa Tubaki, Jyoti Mahadev Benni, Niranjan Rao, Uchangi Nagaraja Rao Prasad
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the role that Ayurveda can play in the management of Iron Deficiency Anaemia, a major nutritional deficiency disorder affecting people across the globe. METHODOLOGY: Forty (40) patients suffering from Iron deficiency anaemia as per WHO guidelines, between the age group of 20 to 60 yrs of either sex participated in the study. Study was a randomized, controlled, open label clinical study. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: Group D (n = 20) received Dhārī avaleha 10 g twice a day after food...
July 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150038/choroidal-structures-in-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-neovascular-age-related-maculopathy-and-healthy-eyes-determined-by-binarization-of-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomographic-images
#11
Malini Bakthavatsalam, Danny Siu-Chun Ng, Frank Hiu-Ping Lai, Fang Yao Tang, Mårten Erik Brelén, Chi Wai Tsang, Timothy Yuk-Yau Lai, Carol Yim-Lui Cheung
PURPOSE: To evaluate quantitatively the choroidal vascularity in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) and neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients compared to healthy controls. METHODS: All eyes underwent swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT), and choroidal images were binarized into blood vessels lumen and stroma. The choroidal vascular index (CVI) was defined as the ratio of luminal area (LA) over total choroidal area of the subfoveal region with a width of 1500 μm...
February 1, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146590/epidemiology-of-otitis-media-with-spontaneous-perforation-of-the-tympanic-membrane-in-young-children-and-association-with-bacterial-nasopharyngeal-carriage-recurrences-and-pneumococcal-vaccination-in-catalonia-spain-the-prospective-hermes-study
#12
Robert Cilveti, Montserrat Olmo, Josefa Pérez-Jove, Juan-José Picazo, Josep-Lluis Arimany, Emiliano Mora, Tomás M Pérez-Porcuna, Ignacio Aguilar, Aurora Alonso, Francesc Molina, María Del Amo, Cristina Mendez
The Epidemiology of otitis media with spontaneous perforation of the tympanic membrane and associated nasopharyngeal carriage of bacterial otopathogens was analysed in a county in Catalonia (Spain) with pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) not included in the immunization programme at study time. A prospective, multicentre study was performed in 10 primary care centres and 2 hospitals (June 2011-June 2014), including all otherwise healthy children ≥2 months ≤8 years with otitis media presenting spontaneous tympanic perforation within 48h...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127341/parasitic-burdens-egg-output-hemathologic-and-biochemical-changes-in-naturally-infected-lambs-with-dicrocoelium-dendriticum
#13
Hadi Samadie, Gholamreza Mohammadi, Mohammad Heidarpour, Mohammad Azizzadeh, Mohsen Maleki, Hassan Borji
BACKGROUND: We investigated the variations of heamathologic and biochemical parameters with different parasitic burdens and the correlation between fecal egg counts and fluke number in livers of sheep naturally infected with Dicrocoelium dendriticum. METHODS: In order to detect excretion of D. dendriticum eggs, fecal samples from 120 sheep of different age groups were collected individually at slaughterhouse in Neyshabur County in Razavi Khorasan Province during December 2013 - October 2014...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107068/successful-treatment-of-suspected-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-a-mealy-amazon-parrot-amazona-farinose
#14
Sean M Brady, Anne Burgdorf-Moisuk, Sarah Silverman, Raymund F Wack
A 25-year-old, male mealy Amazon parrot (Amazona farinose) with a history of polycythemia, hepatomegaly, and epistaxis was evaluated for progressive lethargy and anorexia. Clinical laboratory testing revealed severe polycythemia (71%), hypophosphatemia (1.6 mg/dL), and mild hypokalemia (2.8 mEq/L). Radiographs showed marked hepatomegaly and loss of air sac space. Despite supportive treatments, the bird's condition deteriorated, and it developed ataxia, was unable to fly, and became oxygen dependent. An echocardiogram, including an air bubble study, revealed a right-to-left atrial shunt and presumed pulmonary arterial hypertension...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099573/hematological-and-morphometric-differences-of-blood-cells-from-rheas-rhea-americana-struthioniformes-rheidae-on-two-conservation-farms
#15
S S M Gallo, N B Ederli, F C R Oliveira
Today, blood tests are an indispensable tool in avian medicine. This study aimed to describe and compare hematological and morphometric data of erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes of rhea, Rhea americana. To do so, 58 rheas of both sexes on two farms, one in Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, Espírito Santo (ES), and the other in São Carlos, São Paulo (SP), were selected. Blood samples were taken and their RBC counts, PCV and Hb levels were determined and used in hematimetric index calculations. The total and differentiated leukocyte counts and the TPP and fibrinogen serum levels were also obtained...
January 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096609/studies-on-alterations-of-clinical-and-hemato-biochemical-parameters-before-and-after-treatment-in-calves-naturally-infected-with-theileriosis
#16
J P Kachhawa, Surender Kumar, Ankita Sharma, A P Singh, Anil Ahuja
AIM: The aim was to determine hemato-biochemical alterations and to determine the better treatment of theileriosis in naturally infected calves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 74 Holstein crossbred calves below 6 months of age, of either sex were included for present investigation in Bikaner. Based on the clinical examinations and laboratory results, 20 calves included for hemato-biochemical studies (before and after treatment) and divided into two groups (having 10 calves each)...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091356/resistance-to-gastrointestinal-parasite-infection-in-djallonk%C3%A3-sheep
#17
A Traoré, D R Notter, A Soudre, A Kaboré, I Álvarez, I Fernández, M Sanou, M Shamshuddin, K Periasamy, H H Tamboura, F Goyache
Gastrointestinal parasitism places serious constraints on small ruminant production. The situation has been exacerbated by development of drug resistance in many parasite populations, leading to interest in identification of animals with genetically mediated resistance or tolerance to nematode infections. This study assessed the response to natural infection with gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) in Djallonké sheep during the rainy season in the Sudan-Guinea Savannah region of Burkina Faso. Haemonchus contortus is the most prevalent GIN at this site and time...
January 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072500/ultrasound-guided-intracardiac-xenotransfusion-of-canine-packed-red-blood-cells-and-epinephrine-to-the-left-ventricle-of-a-severely-anemic-cat-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#18
Liron Oron, Yaron Bruchim, Sigal Klainbart, Efrat Kelmer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of an ultrasound-guided intracardiac xenotransfusion of canine packed red blood cells (pRBC) to the left ventricle of a severely anemic cat during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). CASE SUMMARY: An 8-year-old previously healthy neutered female cat was presented with severe weakness after she had disappeared for 1 month. On presentation, the cat was in hypovolemic shock, laterally recumbent, and severely anemic with massive flea infestation...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070670/the-impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-on-community-acquired-pneumonia-hospitalizations-in-children-with-comorbidity
#19
Ellinor Sterky, Rutger Bennet, Ann Lindstrand, Margareta Eriksson, Anna Nilsson
The burden of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in high-income countries is still significant. The introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) has reduced the overall need for hospitalization for CAP. However, it is not clear whether children with underlying disease also have benefitted from the PCV immunization programme. Children 0 to <5 years of age hospitalized with CAP and discharged with an ICD-10 code of J13-J18.9 between November 1, 2005, and April 30, 2007 (pre-vaccination period), and November 1, 2010, and April 30, 2012 (post-vaccination period), were eligible for this study...
March 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068330/loss-of-p53-induces-leukemic-transformation-in-a-murine-model-of-jak2-v617f-driven-polycythemia-vera
#20
T Tsuruta-Kishino, J Koya, K Kataoka, K Narukawa, Y Sumitomo, H Kobayashi, T Sato, M Kurokawa
As leukemic transformation of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) worsens the clinical outcome, reducing the inherent risk of the critical event in MPN cases could be beneficial. Among genetic alterations concerning the transformation, the frequent one is TP53 mutation. Here we show that retroviral overexpression of Jak2 V617F mutant into wild-type p53 murine bone marrow cells induced polycythemia vera (PV) in the recipient mice, whereas Jak2 V617F-transduced p53-null mice developed lethal leukemia after the preceding PV phase...
January 9, 2017: Oncogene
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