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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231507/the-phytochelatin-synthase-gene-in-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-phylogeny-evolution-and-expression
#1
Chaâbene Zayneb, Rekik Hakim Imen, Kriaa Walid, C Douglas Grubb, Khemakhem Bassem, Vandenbulcke Franck, Mejdoub Hafedh, Elleuch Amine
We studied date palm phytochelatin synthase type I (PdPCS1), which catalyzes the cytosolic synthesis of phytochelatins (PCs), a heavy metal binding protein, in plant cells. The gene encoding PdPCS1 (Pdpcs) consists of 8 exons and 7 introns and encodes a protein of 528 amino acids. PCs gene history was studied using Notung phylogeny. During evolution, gene loss from several lineages was predicted including Proteobacteria, Bilateria and Brassicaceae. In addition, eleven gene duplication events appeared toward interior nodes of the reconciled tree and four gene duplication events appeared toward the external nodes...
February 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231394/adaptive-divergence-in-wine-yeasts-and-their-wild-relatives-suggests-a-prominent-role-for-introgressions-and-rapid-evolution-at-non-coding-sites
#2
Pedro Almeida, Raquel Barbosa, Douda Bensasson, Paula Gonçalves, José Paulo Sampaio
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the main yeast in wine fermentation, the opportunity to examine divergence at the molecular level between a domesticated lineage and its wild counterpart arose recently due to the identification of the closest relatives of wine strains, a wild population associated with Mediterranean oaks. Since genomic data is available for a considerable number of representatives belonging to both groups, we used population genomics to estimate the degree and distribution of nucleotide variation between wine yeasts and their closest wild relatives...
February 23, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231308/diet-diversity-and-nutritional-status-among-adults-in-southwest-china
#3
Qiang Zhang, Xinguang Chen, Zhitao Liu, Deepthi S Varma, Rong Wan, Shiwen Zhao
BACKGROUND: With rapid urbanization in the past decades, diet diversity continues to increase in China. The present cross-sectional study aims to explore the association between dietary diversity and nutritional status among adults in southwest China. METHODS: This study used data from 2011-2012 National Nutritional Survey in Yunnan Province, southwest China (N = 1105).Data of three consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls were used to calculate dietary diversity scores (DDS) and nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231115/statistical-analysis-of-mineral-concentration-for-the-geographic-identification-of-garlic-samples-from-sicily-italy-tunisia-and-spain
#4
Rossella Vadalà, Antonio F Mottese, Giuseppe D Bua, Andrea Salvo, Domenico Mallamace, Carmelo Corsaro, Sebastiano Vasi, Salvatore V Giofrè, Maria Alfa, Nicola Cicero, Giacomo Dugo
We performed a statistical analysis of the concentration of mineral elements, by means of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), in different varieties of garlic from Spain, Tunisia, and Italy. Nubia Red Garlic (Sicily) is one of the most known Italian varieties that belongs to traditional Italian food products (P.A.T.) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry. The obtained results suggest that the concentrations of the considered elements may serve as geographical indicators for the discrimination of the origin of the different samples...
March 15, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230787/bat-astroviruses-towards-understanding-the-transmission-dynamics-of-a-neglected-virus-family
#5
REVIEW
Kerstin Fischer, Vinícius Pinho Dos Reis, Anne Balkema-Buschmann
Bats belong to the order Chiroptera that represents the second largest order of mammals with more than 1200 species and an almost global distribution. Environmental changes and deforestation have severely influenced many ecosystems, intensifying the contact between wildlife and humans. In recent years, bats have been found to harbor a number of different viruses with zoonotic potential, as well as a great diversity of astroviruses, for which the question of zoonotic potential remains unanswered to date. Human astroviruses have been identified as the causative agent for diarrhea in children and immunocompromised patients...
February 21, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230626/resiliency-and-quality-of-life-trajectories-after-injury
#6
Ben L Zarzaur, Teresa M Bell, Stephen A Zanskas
BACKGROUND: Injury can greatly impact patients' long-term quality of life. Resilience refers to an individual's ability to positively adapt after facing stress or trauma. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between pre-injury resiliency scores and quality of life after injury. METHODS: 225 adults admitted with an injury severity score > 10 but without neurological injury were included. The SF-36 was administered at the time of admission and repeated at 1, 2, 4 and 12 months after injury...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229970/molecular-analysis-of-the-human-faecal-archaea-in-a-southern-indian-population
#7
Sandya B Rani, Ramadass Balamurugan, Balakrishnan S Ramakrishna
Archaea are an important constituent of the human gut microbiota, but there is no information on human gut archaea in an Indian population. In this study, faecal samples were obtained from different age groups (neonatal babies, preschool children, school-going children, adolescents, adults and elderly) of a southern Indian population, and from a tribal population also resident in southern India). 16S rRNA gene sequences specific to Archaea were amplified from pooled faecal DNA in each group, sequenced, and aligned against the NCBI database...
March 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229916/ongoing-nursing-training-influence-on-the-completion-of-electronic-pressure-ulcer-records
#8
María López, José María Jiménez, Isabel Peña, María José Cao, María Simarro, María José Castro
INTRODUCTION: Pressure ulcer (PU) care in nursing at the Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid (HCUV) in Spain includes basic care and its registration through the electronic GACELA Care tool. To assess and evaluate the nursing intervention in PU evolution, a training programme was carried out to unify criteria on PU assessment, treatment, evaluation and monitoring. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of training on the completion of PU records in the GACELA Care application, and identify the level of satisfaction of the nurses after its use...
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229337/novel-odd-chain-fatty-acids-with-a-terminal-double-bond-in-ovaries-of-the-limpet-cellana-toreuma
#9
Hideki Kawashima, Masao Ohnishi
Our previous study characterized highly diverse dienoic fatty acids (FA), in particular an uncommon non-methylene-interrupted (NMI) FA, in the ovaries of the Japanese limpet Cellana toreuma belonging to the archaeogastropods, but many minor chemically unidentified FA remain. In this study, among previously unidentified FA (less than 0.1% of total FA), four novel NMI FA with a terminal double bond [7,18-nonadecadienoic (19:2Δ7,18), 11,18-nonadecadienoic (19:2Δ11,18), 7,20-heneicosadienoic (21:2Δ7,20), and 11,20-heneicosadienoic (21:2Δ11,20) acids] were found, along with known 14-pentadecenoic (15:1Δ14), 16-heptadecenoic (17:1Δ16), and 9,18-nonadecadienoic (19:2Δ9,18) acids, based on capillary GC-MS of their methyl esters, 3-pyridylcarbinol derivatives, and argentation thin-layer chromatography...
February 23, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229261/revision-of-neolebouria-gibson-1976-digenea-opecoelidae-with-trilobovarium-n-g-for-species-infecting-tropical-and-subtropical-shallow-water-fishes
#10
Storm B Martin, Scott C Cutmore, Thomas H Cribb
A new opecoelid trematode is reported from fishes of the Lethrinidae, Lutjanidae and Nemipteridae off Lizard Island on the northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia. The new species keys to Neolebouria Gibson, 1976 and shows strong similarity to several species of that genus, but is not consistent with the type-species, N. georgiensis Gibson, 1976, or others known from temperate/polar and/or deep-sea fishes. The new species is also phylogenetically distant from N. lanceolata (Price, 1934) Reimer, 1987, the only representative of the genus for which molecular data are available...
February 22, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229259/acidicapsa-ferrireducens-sp-nov-acidicapsa-acidiphila-sp-nov-and-granulicella-acidiphila-sp-nov-novel-acidobacteria-isolated-from-metal-rich-acidic-waters
#11
Carmen Falagán, Bärbel Foesel, Barrie Johnson
Four novel strains of Acidobacteria were isolated from water samples taken from pit lakes at two abandoned metal mines in the Iberian Pyrite Belt mining district, south-west Spain. Three of the isolates belong to the genus Acidicapsa (MCF9(T), MCF10(T), and MCF14) and one of them to the genus Granulicella (MCF40(T)). All isolates are moderately acidophilic (pH growth optimum 3.8-4.1) and mesophilic (temperature growth optima 30-32 °C). Isolates MCF10(T) and MCF40(T) grew at pH lower (<3.0) than previously reported for all other acidobacteria...
February 22, 2017: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229228/new-strains-of-chickpea-chlorotic-dwarf-virus-discovered-on-diseased-papaya-and-tomato-plants-in-burkina-faso
#12
Alassane Ouattara, Fidèle Tiendrébéogo, Pierre Lefeuvre, Murielle Hoareau, Sohini Claverie, Edgar Valentin Traoré, Nicolas Barro, Oumar Traoré, Arvind Varsani, Jean-Michel Lett
This is the first description of full genome sequences of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus (CpCDV; genus Mastrevirus; family Geminiviridae) identified in papaya and tomato plants sampled in Burkina Faso. The CpCDV full genome sequences from papaya and tomato share the highest pairwise sequence identity (84% and 93.5%) with Sudanese isolates of the CpCDV-K and CpCDV-M strains, respectively. Based on the strain demarcation threshold (>94% identity) for mastreviruses, we propose two new strains, CpCDV-Q and CpCDV-R, identified in papaya and tomato, respectively...
February 22, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229215/sequence-analysis-and-expression-of-a-blue-light-photoreceptor-gene-slwc-1-from-the-cauliflower-mushroom-sparassis-latifolia
#13
Chi Yang, Lu Ma, Zhenghe Ying, Xiaoling Jiang, Yanquan Lin
Light is a necessary environmental factor for fruit body formation and development of the cauliflower mushroom Sparassis latifolia, a well-known edible and medicinal fungus. In this study, we firstly characterized the SP-C strain, which belonged to S. latifolia. And then we cloned and sequenced a photoreceptor gene (Slwc-1) from S. latifolia. The product of Slwc-1, SlWC-1 (872 aa residues) contained a coiled-coil region, a LOV domain, and two PAS domains. Phylogenetic tree result showed that SLWC-1 was most close to GfWC-1 from Grifola frondosa in edible and medicinal fungus...
February 22, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229214/diversity-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-associated-with-banana-fruits-in-taiwan
#14
Yi-Sheng Chen, Yu-Jou Liao, Yi-Shan Lan, Hui-Chung Wu, Fujitoshi Yanagida
Banana is a popular fruit worldwide. The lactic acid bacteria (LAB) microflora in banana fruits has not been studied in detail. A total of 164 LAB were isolated from banana fruits in Taiwan. These isolates were initially divided into nine groups (r1 to r9) using restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing. Isolates belonging to Lactobacillus plantarum group were further divided into three additional groups using multiplex PCR assay targeting the recA gene. The most common bacterial genera found in banana fruits were Lactobacillus and Weissella...
February 22, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229206/aos28d-a-proline-xaa-carboxypeptidase-secreted-by-aspergillus-oryzae
#15
Karine Salamin, Philippe J Eugster, Olivier Jousson, Patrice Waridel, Eric Grouzmann, Michel Monod
Prolyl peptidases of the MEROPS S28 family are of particular interest because they are key enzymes in the digestion of proline-rich peptides. A BLAST analysis of the Aspergillus oryzae genome revealed sequences coding for four proteases of the S28 family. Three of these proteases, AoS28A, AoS28B, and AoS28C, were previously characterized as acidic prolyl endopeptidases. The fourth protease, AoS28D, showed high sequence divergence with other S28 proteases and belongs to a phylogenetically distinct cluster together with orthologous proteases from other Aspergillus species...
February 22, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229046/genome-sequence-of-three-psychrobacter-sp-strains-with-potential-applications-in-bioremediation
#16
Aide Lasa, Jesús L Romalde
To date, the genus Psychrobacter consists of 37 recognized species isolated from different sources, however they are more frequently found in cold and other non-polar environments of low water activity. Some strains belonging to the genus have shown different enzymatic activities with potential applications in bioremediation or food industry. In the present study, the whole genome sequences of three Psychrobacter-like strains (C 20.9, Cmf 22.2 and Rd 27.2) isolated from reared clams in Galicia (Spain) are described...
June 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229045/occurrence-of-giardia-cryptosporidium-and-entamoeba-in-wild-rhesus%C3%A2-macaques-macaca-mulatta-living-in-urban-and-semi-rural-north-west-india
#17
John J Debenham, Kristoffer Tysnes, Sandhya Khunger, Lucy J Robertson
Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp., and Entamoeba spp. are intestinal protozoa capable of infecting a range of host species, and are important causes of human morbidity and mortality. Understanding their epidemiology is important, both for public health and for the health of the animals they infect. This study investigated the occurrence of these protozoans in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) in India, with the aim of providing preliminary information on the potential for transmission of these pathogens between macaques and humans...
April 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228923/rodent-species-distribution-and-hantavirus-seroprevalence-in-residential-and-forested-areas-of-sarawak-malaysia
#18
Nur Elfieyra Syazana Hamdan, Yee Ling Ng, Wei Bin Lee, Cheng Siang Tan, Faisal Ali Anwarali Khan, Yee Ling Chong
Rodents belong to the order Rodentia, which consists of three families in Borneo (i.e., Muridae, Sciuridae and Hystricidae). These include rats, mice, squirrels, and porcupines. They are widespread throughout the world and considered pests that harm humans and livestock. Some rodent species are natural reservoirs of hantaviruses (Family: Bunyaviridae) that can cause zoonotic diseases in humans. Although hantavirus seropositive human sera were reported in Peninsular Malaysia in the early 1980s, information on their infection in rodent species in Malaysia is still lacking...
January 2017: Tropical Life Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228783/-atypical-atypical-femur-fractures-and-use-of-bisphosphonates
#19
Denise M van de Laarschot, Matthijs P Somford, Agnes Jager, Edwin H Oei, P Koen Bos, M Carola Zillikens
BACKGROUND: Atypical femur fractures (AFFs) present a rare but serious condition associated with use of bisphosphonates. Underlying mechanisms and clinical risk factors remain unclear. According to the diagnostic criteria formulated by the ASBMR, a lateral localization of an AFF is required. CASE HISTORY: We present a patient who developed bilateral leg pain while using an oral bisphosphonate and aromatase inhibitor in the course of adjuvant treatment for breast cancer...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228750/evolutionary-roots-and-diversification-of-the-genus-aeromonas
#20
Ariadna Sanglas, Vicenta Albarral, Maribel Farfán, J G Lorén, M C Fusté
Despite the importance of diversification rates in the study of prokaryote evolution, they have not been quantitatively assessed for the majority of microorganism taxa. The investigation of evolutionary patterns in prokaryotes constitutes a challenge due to a very scarce fossil record, limited morphological differentiation and frequently complex taxonomic relationships, which make even species recognition difficult. Although the speciation models and speciation rates in eukaryotes have traditionally been established by analyzing the fossil record data, this is frequently incomplete, and not always available...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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