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Ultrasound nail

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426608/the-effect-of-tranexamic-acid-on-hidden-bleeding-in-older-intertrochanteric-fracture-patients-treated-with-pfna
#1
Shuwei Tian, Zheyuan Shen, Yang Liu, Yanlong Zhang, Aqin Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of tranexamic acid (TXA) on hidden bleeding in older intertrochanteric fracture patients treated with intramedullary nails. METHOD: Between January 2016 and January 2017, 100 cases of intertrochanteric fractures eligible for the study were treated with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in our hospital. All patients were divided into two groups of 50 patients each: the TXA group and a blank control group. In the TXA group, all patients received TXA at a dose of 10 mg/kg-1 intravenously, 10 min preoperatively and 5 h postoperatively...
February 2, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329712/risk-factors-and-frequency-of-ingrown-nails-in-adult-diabetic-patients
#2
Secil Vural, Seher Bostanci, Pelin Koçyigit, Deniz Çaliskan, Nilgun Baskal, Nursel Aydin
The present study evaluated the properties of nails, frequency of ingrown nails in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), risk factors for developing ingrown nails, and effect of diabetic polyneuropathy and vasculopathy on the development and outcome of ingrown nails. Our 6-month epidemiologic prospective study included 300 patients with type 2 DM attending a DM outpatient clinic for routine examinations. The general characteristics and foot changes of the study population were investigated. Diabetic polyneuropathy and vasculopathy were evaluated using a biothesiometer, monofilament tests, and arterial Doppler ultrasonography...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288596/ultrasound-enhanced-drug-delivery-for-treatment-of-onychomycosis
#3
Alina Kline-Schoder, Zung Le, Vesna Zderic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to determine the effectiveness of using ultrasound (US) to increase the permeability of the nail, with the goal of improving outcomes in the treatment of onychomycosis. METHODS: Porcine nails were used because of their similarity to human nails. A hydrophilic blue dye was used as a drug-mimicking compound. Two sets of experiments were performed: luminosity experiments to assess the dye levels inside the nail after US and sham treatments and diffusion cell experiments for determination of changes in nail permeability due to US application...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202587/focussing-on-the-foot-in-psoriatic-arthritis-pathology-and-management-options
#4
Aimie Patience, Philip S Helliwell, Heidi J Siddle
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a heterogeneous chronic inflammatory arthritis characterised by a range of musculoskeletal conditions including enthesitis, dactylitis and synovitis as well as skin and nail manifestations. The foot is a complex mixture of tissues, all of which can be involved in this disease and is frequently the presenting feature. Areas covered: In this under-researched area, articles were reviewed from the authors' publications as well as from other known authors. This review will discuss how PsA affects the foot and ankle with a particular focus on synovitis, tenosynovitis, enthesitis, dactylitis, bone erosion and psoriatic skin and nail disease...
December 5, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158648/non-invasive-repair-of-an-iatrogenic-tibial-artery-branch-pseudoaneurysm-after-intramedullary-nailing
#5
Cameron G Hanson, Logan F Hanson
Tibial fractures are a commonly seen injury in orthopedic surgery. Intramedullary nailing is considered the standard of care, as complications are rare. Those of a vascular nature, including iatrogenically induced pseudoaneurysms of the tibial artery have been previously described in the literature, however each reported case has required surgical repair. In the current case, we describe a repair of a tibial artery branch pseudoaneurysm, after direct contact with an interlocking screw from tibial intramedullary nailing, via ultrasound-guided thrombin injection...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092994/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-for-treatment-of-tibial-fractures-an-economic-evaluation-of-the-trust-study
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J E Tarride, R B Hopkins, G Blackhouse, N Burke, M Bhandari, H Johal, G H Guyatt, J W Busse
AIMS: This 501-patient, multi-centre, randomised controlled trial sought to establish the effect of low-intensity, pulsed, ultrasound (LIPUS) on tibial shaft fractures managed with intramedullary nailing. We conducted an economic evaluation as part of this trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data for patients' use of post-operative healthcare resources and time taken to return to work were collected and costed using publicly available sources. Health-related quality of life, assessed using the Health Utilities Index Mark-3 (HUI-3), was used to derive quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)...
November 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062826/ultrasound-evaluation-of-the-rotator-cuff-after-osteosynthesis-of-proximal-humeral-fractures-with-locking-intramedullary-nail
#7
Mauro Emilio Conforto Gracitelli, Eduardo Angeli Malavolta, Jorge Henrique Assunção, Bruno Akio Matsumura, Kodi Edson Kojima, Arnaldo Amado Ferreira Neto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate supraspinatus tendon integrity with ultrasound (US) in patients submitted to proximal humeral fracture (PHF) fixation with a locking intramedullary nail. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with PHF treated with curvilinear locking intramedullary nail, aged between 50 and 85 years, were assessed by US at six months postoperatively and clinically at six and 12 months postoperatively. The primary aim was supraspinatus tendon integrity, evaluated by US at six months postoperatively...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052472/extraction-and-reliable-determination-of-acrylamide-from-thermally-processed-foods-using-ionic-liquid-based-ultrasound-assisted-selective-microextraction-combined-with-spectrophotometry
#8
Nail Altunay, Adil Elik, Ramazan Gürkan
Acrylamide (AAm) is a carcinogenic chemical that can form in thermally processed foods by the Maillard reaction of glucose with asparagine. AAm can easily be formed especially in frequently consumed chips and cereal-based foods depending on processing conditions. Considering these properties of AAm, a new, simple and green method is proposed for the extraction of AAm from thermally processed food samples. In this study, an ionic liquid (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, [Bmim][BF4]) as extractant was used in the presence of a cationic phenazine group dye, 3,7-diamino-5-phenylphenazinium chloride (PSH(+), phenosafranine) at pH 7...
October 31, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900518/nail-unit-ultrasound-a-complete-guide-of-the-nail-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Felipe Aluja Jaramillo, Diana Carolina Quiasúa Mejía, Hector Mauricio Martínez Ordúz, Cesar González Ardila
INTRODUCTION: The nails have a functional and esthetic importance for patients. Almost always, the nail disorders are diagnosed on the basis of clinical findings, but imaging methods may be required for a better assessment. These imaging methods, such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance, may help to establish an accurate diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging is not widely available and sometimes may be very expensive; that is why, ultrasound is an excellent imaging modality. Our objective is to expose the nail unit anatomy, the nail unit anatomy in ultrasound, and some of the frequent pathologies found in our daily practice...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854496/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-combination-therapy-of-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-unstable-both-radius-and-ulna-fractures-in-children
#10
Tsuyoshi Ota, Soichiro Itoh, Kimihiro Yamashita
BACKGROUND: There are few reports of Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) treatment for fresh forearm fractures in children. OBJECTIVES: LIPUS stimulation was applied after surgery of forearm fractures in children and the efficacy and safety of combination therapy of LIPUS treatment were evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Children with both radius and ulna fracture, twenty-five diaphysis (mid-R&U) and nineteen metaphysis (dist-R&U) fractures, were treated with intramedullary nailing followed by cast and splint mobilization...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816901/in-patients-with-a-tibial-fracture-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-after-intramedullary-nail-fixation-did-not-accelerate-radiographic-healing-or-improve-functional-recovery
#11
Matthew R Garner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810179/utility-of-ultrasound-assisted-cloud-point-extraction-and-spectophotometry-as-a-preconcentration-and-determination-tool-for-the-sensitive-quantification-of-mercury-species-in-fish-samples
#12
Nail Altunay
The current study reports, for the first time, the development of a new analytical method employing ultrasound assisted-cloud point extraction (UA-CPE) for the extraction of CH3Hg(+) and Hg(2+) species from fish samples. Detection and quantification of mercury species were performed at 550nm by spectrophotometry. The analytical variables affecting complex formation and extraction efficiency were extensively evaluated and optimized by univariate method. Due to behave 14-fold more sensitive and selective of thiophene 2,5-dicarboxylic acid (H2TDC) to Hg(2+) ions than CH3Hg(+) in presence of mixed surfactant, Tween 20 and SDS at pH5...
August 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650763/posttraumatic-retronychia-of-the-foot-with-clinical-and-ultrasound-correlation
#13
Mariana Pizarro, Nicolás Pieressa, Ximena Wortsman
Retronychia, the posterior embedding of the nail bed into the proximal nail fold, can be a complex clinical dermatologic diagnosis that may mimic other inflammatory ungual diseases or tumors of the nail. It has been related to a history of severe systemic conditions that secondarily affect the nail matrix and is commonly associated with onychomadesis. We present a case of retronychia of the foot with a purely traumatic origin, nonconcomitant with onychomadesis, that was diagnosed by color Doppler ultrasound in a long-time practitioner of martial arts who was otherwise healthy...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648658/ultrasound-entheseal-abnormalities-at-the-distal-interphalangeal-joints-and-clinical-nail-involvement-in-patients-with-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-supporting-the-nail-enthesitis-theory
#14
Maria Laura Acosta-Felquer, Santiago Ruta, Javier Rosa, Josefina Marin, Leandro Ferreyra-Garrot, Maria Laura Galimberti, Ricardo Galimberti, Ricardo Garcia-Monaco, Enrique R Soriano
OBJECTIVE: It has been shown that nail involvement in psoriasis is associated with systemic enthesopathy. Our objective was to evaluate the association of nail involvement and enthesopathy at distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) level in psoriasis (PsO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients (54 PsO and 56 PsA) seen at the outpatients clinic in this cross-sectional study were included. All patients underwent both clinical and ultrasound (US) assessment on the same day...
December 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632660/clinical-experience-with-the-use-of-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus-in-the-treatment-of-atypical-femoral-fractures
#15
Sang Yang Lee, Takahiro Niikura, Takashi Iwakura, Tomoaki Fukui, Ryosuke Kuroda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the clinical results of atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data on AFFs that were surgically treated in our hospital from 2010 to 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. AFF was diagnosed based on the criteria defined by the second report of an ASBMR task force. RESULTS: Seven fractures in 6 cases were included in this study...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628470/vascularity-of-nail-bed-by-ultrasound-to-discriminate-psoriasis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-healthy-controls
#16
Sibel Zehra Aydin, Concepción Castillo-Gallego, Zoe R Ash, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Richard Wakefield, Dennis McGonagle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582710/limitations-in-the-use-of-18f-fdg-pet-in-the-pre-operative-staging-of-gastric-cancer-a-case-series
#17
Ernest Fonocho, Nail Aydin, Srini Reddy, Subhasis Misra
INTRODUCTION: Positron emission tomography (PET) is a mainstay in the preoperative evaluation of various cancers. In gastric cancer however, its role in the initial staging remains contentious. Presented is a case series of three gastric patients wherein the use of fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET/CT (computer tomography) as part of the initial staging was inconsequential to treatment, demonstrating its limited role in the staging of primary gastric cancer. METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from 12/1/2010 to 10/31/2016 of patient with gastric cancer whose initial staging included a PET/CT...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573823/the-effect-of-smartphone-addiction-on-hand-joints-in-psoriatic-patients-an-ultrasound-based-study
#18
M Megna, P Gisonni, M Napolitano, G Dell'Aversano Orabona, C Patruno, F Ayala, N Balato
BACKGROUND: Distal interphalangeal (DIP) arthritis is a frequent form of psoriatic arthritis being often linked to nail psoriasis. Modern society is characterized by overuse of smartphones. Indeed, literature has recently focalized on research into smartphone addiction and health-related problems. OBJECTIVES: As smartphone addiction is able to determine overuse and repeated movements of DIP joints and nails, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of smartphone use on hand joints of young psoriatic patients...
June 2, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559143/rectus-femoris-muscle-atrophy-and-recovery-caused-by-preoperative-pretibial-traction-in-femoral-shaft-fractures-comparison-between-traction-period
#19
D-G Shim, T-Y Kwon, K-B Lee
BACKGROUND: Skeletal traction is performed to temporarily stabilize fracture sites before surgery in patients with femoral fracture. To date, however, there is no study evaluating the difference in the degree of the recovery, of the muscle strength, as well as muscle atrophy following skeletal traction. The purpose of this study was to compare the degree of recovery of rectus femoris muscle strength after surgery in association with muscle atrophy by analyzing the duration of preoperative tibial traction, age and sex in patients with femoral fracture...
September 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554641/indirect-determination-of-the-flavor-enhancer-maltol-in-foods-and-beverages-through-flame-atomic-absorption-spectrometry-after-ultrasound-assisted-cloud-point-extraction
#20
Nail Altunay, Ramazan Gürkan, Ulaş Orhan
A simple ultrasound assisted-cloud point extraction (UA-CPE) method was developed and combined with flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) for pre-concentration and indirect determination of the flavor enhancer maltol in foods and beverages. The method is based on reduction of Cu(II) to Cu(I) by maltol at pH 6.5, and subsequent selective interaction of Cu(I) with bathocuproine (BCP) to form a ternary complex in presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Under the optimized conditions, pre-concentration of a 35mL sample solution allowed detection of 1...
November 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
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