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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066693/society-of-pediatric-psychology-workforce-survey-development-of-survey-methods-sample-characteristics-and-lessons-learned
#1
Tim Wysocki, Cheryl L Brosig, Marisa E Hilliard
There are few detailed workforce studies of specialty fields within professional psychology, and none have been reported for pediatric psychology since 2006. Availability of such data could facilitate more-informed decision making by students and trainees, psychologists pursuing employment opportunities, and psychologists involved in employment or compensation negotiations. This article describes the work of a task force of the American Psychological Association (APA) Division 54 (Society of Pediatric Psychology) in the design, construction, pretesting, distribution, and data management for the Society of Pediatric Psychology (SPP) Workforce Survey...
March 2016: Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027011/smokeless-tobacco-use-among-united-states-air-force-trainees
#2
Brittany D Linde, Jon O Ebbert, Darrell R Schroeder, Andy C Hanson, G Wayne Talcott, Robert C Klesges
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smokeless tobacco use in the United States Air Force (USAF) exceeds civilian use rates. We assessed the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use and evaluated the correlates of smokeless tobacco use in a sample of United States Air Force trainees. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of USAF Technical Training school personnel at Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland and Fort Sam Houston (N = 14,810). Survey completion rate was 78%. Logistic regression was used to analyze the associations between demographic variables, tobacco use, and social factors for both regular and infrequent smokeless tobacco (e...
December 27, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995185/the-efficacy-of-training-insertion-skill-on-a-physical-model-colonoscopy-simulator
#3
Annaliese M Plooy, Andrew Hill, Mark S Horswill, Alanna St G Cresp, Rozemary Karamatic, Stephan Riek, Guy M Wallis, Robin Burgess-Limerick, David G Hewett, Marcus O Watson
Background and study aims: Prior research supports the validity of performance measures derived from the use of a physical model colonoscopy simulator - the Kyoto Kagaku Colonoscope Training Model (Kyoto Kagaku Co. Ltd., Kyoto, Japan) - for assessing insertion skill. However, its use as a training tool has received little research attention. We assessed the efficacy of a brief structured program to develop basic colonoscope insertion skill through unsupervised practice on the model. Participants and methods: This was a training study with pretesting and post-testing...
December 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977585/neurocognitive-performance-and-physical-function-do-not-change-with-physical-cognitive-mindfulness-training-in-female-laboratory-technicians-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Kenneth Jay, Mikkel Brandt, Mc Schraefel, Markus Due Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Gisela Sjøgaard, Jonas Vinstrup, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: Cognitive and physical performance can be negatively affected by chronic pain. This study evaluates the effect of combined physical-, cognitive-, and mindfulness training (PCMT) on cognitive and physical performance. METHODS: From a large pharmaceutical company in Denmark we randomly allocated 112 female laboratory technicians with chronic upper limb pain to group-based PCMT at the worksite or a reference group for 10 weeks. Neurocognitive performance was measured by the computerized central nervous system vital signs neurocognitive assessment battery...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941491/low-intensity-sprint-training-with-blood-flow-restriction-improves-100-m-dash
#5
M Behringer, D Behlau, J Montag, M McCourt, J Mester
PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of practical blood flow restriction (pBFR) of leg muscles during sprint training on the 100 m dash time in well-trained sport students. METHODS: Participants performed 6x100 m sprints at 60-70% of their maximal 100 m sprinting speed twice a week for 6 weeks, either with (IG; n=12) or without pBFR (CG; n=12). RESULTS: The 100 m dash time significantly decreased more in the IG (-0.38±0.24 s) than in the CG (-0...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920732/the-ipad-as-a-research-tool-for-the-understanding-of-english-plurals-by-english-chinese-and-other-l1-speaking-3-and-4-year-olds
#6
Nan Xu Rattanasone, Benjamin Davies, Tamara Schembri, Fabia Andronos, Katherine Demuth
Learning about what young children with limited spoken language know about the grammar of their language is extremely challenging. Researchers have traditionally used looking behavior as a measure of language processing and to infer what overt choices children might make. However, these methods are expensive to setup, require specialized training, are time intensive for data analysis and can have considerable dropout rates. For these reasons, we have developed a forced choice task delivered on an iPad based on our eye-tracking studies with English monolinguals (Davies et al...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857960/heat-strain-during-military-training-activities-the-dilemma-of-balancing-force-protection-and-operational-capability
#7
Andrew P Hunt, Daniel C Billing, Mark J Patterson, Joanne N Caldwell
Military activities in hot environments pose 2 competing demands: the requirement to perform realistic training to develop operational capability with the necessity to protect armed forces personnel against heat-related illness. To ascertain whether work duration limits for protection against heat-related illness restrict military activities, this study examined the heat strain and risks of heat-related illness when conducting a military activity above the prescribed work duration limits. Thirty-seven soldiers conducted a march (10 km; ∼5...
April 2016: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857692/endurance-training-intensity-does-not-mediate-interference-to-maximal-lower-body-strength-gain-during-short-term-concurrent-training
#8
Jackson J Fyfe, Jonathan D Bartlett, Erik D Hanson, Nigel K Stepto, David J Bishop
We determined the effect of concurrent training incorporating either high-intensity interval training (HIT) or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on maximal strength, counter-movement jump (CMJ) performance, and body composition adaptations, compared with single-mode resistance training (RT). Twenty-three recreationally-active males (mean ± SD: age, 29.6 ± 5.5 y; [Formula: see text], 44 ± 11 mL kg(-1)·min(-1)) underwent 8 weeks (3 sessions·wk(-1)) of either: (1) HIT combined with RT (HIT+RT group, n = 8), (2) work-matched MICT combined with RT (MICT+RT group, n = 7), or (3) RT performed alone (RT group, n = 8)...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811295/spontaneous-alternation-behavior-in-larval-zebrafish
#9
Stefan Yu Bögli, Melody Ying-Yu Huang
Spontaneous alternation behavior (SAB) describes the tendency of animals to alternate their turn direction in consecutive turns. SAB, dissimilar from other mnestic tasks, does not require any prior training or reinforcement. Due to its close correlation to the development and function of hippocampus in mice, it is thought to reflect a type of memory. Adult zebrafish possess a hippocampus-like structure utilizing the same neurotransmitters as in human brains, and have thus been used to study memory. In the current study we established SAB in zebrafish larvae at 6 days post fertilization using a custom made forced-turn maze with a rate of 57%...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803628/improved-maximum-strength-vertical-jump-and-sprint-performance-after-8-weeks-of-jump-squat-training-with-individualized-loads
#10
Vanderka Marián, Longová Katarína, Olasz Dávid, Krčmár Matúš, Walker Simon
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of 8 weeks of jump squat training on isometric half squat maximal force production (Fmax) and rate of force development over 100ms (RFD100), countermovement jump (CMJ) and squat jump (SJ) height, and 50 m sprint time in moderately trained men. Sixty eight subjects (~21 years, ~180 cm, ~75 kg) were divided into experimental (EXP; n = 36) and control (CON, n = 32) groups. Tests were completed pre-, mid- and post-training. EXP performed jump squat training 3 times per week using loads that allowed all repetitions to be performed with ≥90% of maximum average power output (13 sessions with 4 sets of 8 repetitions and 13 sessions with 8 sets of 4 repetitions)...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744584/resistance-training-intensity-and-volume-affect-changes-in-rate-of-force-development-in-resistance-trained-men
#11
Gerald T Mangine, Jay R Hoffman, Ran Wang, Adam M Gonzalez, Jeremy R Townsend, Adam J Wells, Adam R Jajtner, Kyle S Beyer, Carleigh H Boone, Amelia A Miramonti, Michael B LaMonica, David H Fukuda, Nicholas A Ratamess, Jeffrey R Stout
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of two different resistance training programs, high intensity (INT) and high volume (VOL), on changes in isometric force (FRC), rate of force development (RFD), and barbell velocity during dynamic strength testing. METHODS: Twenty-nine resistance-trained men were randomly assigned to either the INT (n = 15, 3-5 RM, 3-min rest interval) or VOL (n = 14, 10-12 RM, 1-min rest interval) training group for 8 weeks. All participants completed a 2-week preparatory phase prior to randomization...
December 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743557/consensus-development-of-core-competencies-in-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine-training-in-china
#12
Xiaoyun Hu, Xiuming Xi, Penglin Ma, Haibo Qiu, Kaijiang Yu, Yaoqing Tang, Chuanyun Qian, Qiang Fang, Yushan Wang, Xiangyou Yu, Yuan Xu, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to develop consensus on core competencies required for postgraduate training in intensive care medicine. METHODS: We used a combination of a modified Delphi method and a nominal group technique to create and modify the list of core competencies to ensure maximum consensus. Ideas were generated modified from Competency Based Training in Intensive Care Medicine in Europe collaboration (CoBaTrICE) core competencies. An online survey invited healthcare professionals, educators, and trainees to rate and comment on these competencies...
October 16, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659479/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-cycling-performed-after-resistance-training-on-muscle-strength-and-hypertrophy
#13
S Tsitkanou, K Spengos, A-N Stasinaki, N Zaras, G Bogdanis, G Papadimas, G Terzis
Aim of the study was to investigate whether high-intensity interval cycling performed immediately after resistance training would inhibit muscle strength increase and hypertrophy expected from resistance training per se. Twenty-two young men were assigned into either resistance training (RE; N = 11) or resistance training plus high-intensity interval cycling (REC; N = 11). Lower body muscle strength and rate of force development (RFD), quadriceps cross-sectional area (CSA) and vastus lateralis muscle architecture, muscle fiber type composition and capillarization, and estimated aerobic capacity were evaluated before and after 8 weeks of training (2 times per week)...
September 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638297/simulation-based-assessment-of-anesthesiology-residents-competence-development-and-implementation-of-the-canadian-national-anesthesiology-simulation-curriculum-cannasc
#14
Michelle Chiu, Jordan Tarshis, Andreas Antoniou, T Laine Bosma, Jessica E Burjorjee, Neil Cowie, Simone Crooks, Kate Doyle, David Dubois, Tobias Everett, Rachel Fisher, Megan Hayter, Genevieve McKinnon, Diana Noseworthy, Noel O'Regan, Greg Peachey, Arnaud Robitaille, Michael Sullivan, Marshall Tenenbein, Marie-Helene Tremblay
The specialty of anesthesiology will soon adopt the Competence By Design (CBD) approach to residency education developed by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC). A foundational component of CBD is frequent and contextualized assessment of trainees. In 2013, the RCPSC Anesthesiology Specialty Committee assembled a group of simulation educators, representing each of the 17 Canadian anesthesiology residency programs, to form the Canadian National Anesthesiology Simulation Curriculum (CanNASC) Task Force...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637287/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-thoracic-surgery-practice-and-access-task-force-2014-workforce-report
#15
John S Ikonomidis
BACKGROUND: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) has intermittently surveyed its workforce, providing isolated accounts of the current state of thoracic surgical practice. METHODS: The 63-question survey instrument was received by 4,343 surgeon members of the STS, and responses were gathered between October 1 and November 5, 2014. The return rate was 29.1%. RESULTS: The median age of the active United States thoracic surgeons is 54 years...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636402/co-contraction-training-muscle-explosive-force-and-associated-electromyography-activity
#16
Sana Zbidi, Badrane Zinoubi, Omar Hammouda, Henry Vandewalle, Virgile Serrau, Tarak Driss
BACKGROUND: The effects of a six-week maximal voluntary isometric co-contraction (MIVCC) training program of the elbow flexor and extensor muscles on maximal and explosive muscle strength have been studied. METHODS: Sixteen active men underwent 6-week MIVCC. Maximal rate of force development (MRFD) of the elbow flexor (MRFDflex) and extensor (MRFDext) were measured in addition to maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of these muscles (MVCflex and MVCext) before (T0), after 4-week (T1) and 6-week (T2) MIVCC training program...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630574/faster-movement-speed-results-in-greater-tendon-strain-during-the-loaded-squat-exercise
#17
Jacob E Earp, Robert U Newton, Prue Cormie, Anthony J Blazevich
INTRODUCTION: Tendon dynamics influence movement performance and provide the stimulus for long-term tendon adaptation. As tendon strain increases with load magnitude and decreases with loading rate, changes in movement speed during exercise should influence tendon strain. METHODS: Ten resistance-trained men [squat one repetition maximum (1RM) to body mass ratio: 1.65 ± 0.12] performed parallel-depth back squat lifts with 60% of 1RM load at three different speeds: slow fixed-tempo (TS: 2-s eccentric, 1-s pause, 2-s concentric), volitional-speed without a pause (VS) and maximum-speed jump (JS)...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549761/a-predictive-bone-drilling-force-model-for-haptic-rendering-with-experimental-validation-using-fresh-cadaveric-bone
#18
Yanping Lin, Huajiang Chen, Dedong Yu, Ying Zhang, Wen Yuan
PURPOSE: Bone drilling simulators with virtual and haptic feedback provide a safe, cost-effective and repeatable alternative to traditional surgical training methods. To develop such a simulator, accurate haptic rendering based on a force model is required to feedback bone drilling forces based on user input. Current predictive bone drilling force models based on bovine bones with various drilling conditions and parameters are not representative of the bone drilling process in bone surgery...
January 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532260/high-density-force-myography-a-possible-alternative-for-upper-limb-prosthetic-control
#19
Ashkan Radmand, Erik Scheme, Kevin Englehart
Several multiple degree-of-freedom upper-limb prostheses that have the promise of highly dexterous control have recently been developed. Inadequate controllability, however, has limited adoption of these devices. Introducing more robust control methods will likely result in higher acceptance rates. This work investigates the suitability of using high-density force myography (HD-FMG) for prosthetic control. HD-FMG uses a high-density array of pressure sensors to detect changes in the pressure patterns between the residual limb and socket caused by the contraction of the forearm muscles...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530821/upper-and-lower-body-muscle-power-increases-after-3-month-resistance-training-in-overweight-and-obese-men
#20
Erika Zemková, Oľga Kyselovičová, Michal Jeleň, Zuzana Kováčiková, Gábor Ollé, Gabriela Štefániková, Tomáš Vilman, Miroslav Baláž, Timea Kurdiová, Jozef Ukropec, Barbara Ukropcová
This study evaluates the effect of 3 months resistance and aerobic training on muscle strength and power in 17 male overweight and obese men. Subjects underwent either a resistance or aerobic training for a period of 3 months (three sessions per week). Peak isometric force, rate of force development, peak power and height of countermovement and squat jumps, reactive strength index, and mean power in the concentric phase of bench presses were all assessed prior to and after completing the training program. Results identified a significant increase of mean power during both countermovement bench presses at 30 kg (18...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
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