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"C3 glomerulonephritis"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614243/different-types-of-glomerulonephritis-associated-with-the-dysregulation-of-the-complement-alternative-pathway-in-2-brothers-a-case-report
#1
Pei Chen, Li Zhu, Feng Yu, Sha-Sha Han, Si-Jun Meng, Wei-Yi Guo, Hong Zhang, Yan Song
RATIONALE: C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) and complement-mediated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) both result from the abnormal regulation of the complement system. A significant number of patients with C3GN or complement-mediated HUS have mutations of more than 1 complement protein. This discovery has had a major impact on identifying the underlying cause of familial C3GN or complement-mediated HUS. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the cases of 2 brothers (herein referred to as patient II-1 and patient II-9), both with complement disorders that differed in their clinical and genetic features...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593446/c3-glomerulonephritis-with-a-severe-crescentic-phenotype
#2
Aishwarya Ravindran, Fernando C Fervenza, Richard J H Smith, Sanjeev Sethi
BACKGROUND: C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) is rare type of glomerulonephritis resulting from the glomerular deposition of C3 due to dysregulation of the alternative pathway of complement. It is further subdivided into C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) and dense deposit disease (DDD), depending on the ultrastructural features. C3GN usually presents with a membranoproliferative pattern of injury. Crescents may or may not be present. However, we have noted a severe necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis in a small subset of C3GN patients...
June 7, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573137/rituximab-for-treatment-of-membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis-and-c3-glomerulopathies
#3
REVIEW
Michael Rudnicki
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) is a histological pattern of injury resulting from predominantly subendothelial and mesangial deposition of immunoglobulins or complement factors with subsequent inflammation and proliferation particularly of the glomerular basement membrane. Recent classification of MPGN is based on pathogenesis dividing MPGN into immunoglobulin-associated MPGN and complement-mediated C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) and dense deposit disease (DDD). Current guidelines suggest treatment with steroids, cytotoxic agents with or without plasmapheresis only for subjects with progressive disease, that is, nephrotic range proteinuria and decline of renal function...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366510/controlling-the-anaphylatoxin-c5a-in-diseases-requires-a-specifically-targeted-inhibition
#4
Niels C Riedemann, Maria Habel, Jana Ziereisen, Marlen Hermann, Conny Schneider, Cyrill Wehling, Michael Kirschfink, Karim Kentouche, Renfeng Guo
The terminal complement split product C5a has been described as an important mediator in inflammatory diseases. C5a is generated upon cleavage of C5 and earlier research suggests that, besides the known C5 convertases formed upon activation of the complement pathways, various enzymes could activate C5 directly. We demonstrate that eculizumab effectively blocks C5 activation when mediated by C5-convertase formation, but fails to block C5a generation resulting from direct enzymatic cleavage by trypsin and thrombin...
July 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205354/mini-review-a-unique-case-of-crescentic-c3-glomerulonephritis
#5
Dharmenaan Palamuthusingam, Murty Mantha, Kimberley Oliver, Ketan Bavishi, Shyam Dheda
Kidney involvement is an under-recognized complication of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. They occur in a variety of mechanisms and differ widely in their clinical presentation. We take this opportunity to report a case of a 65 year-old man who developed a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis within days after completing his first cycle of R-CHOP (Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Prednisolone) chemotherapy for newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma. He was odematous, hypertensive, oliguric with nephrotic range proteinuria and an active urine sediment...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176473/durable-remission-of-c3-glomerulonephritis-with-mycophenolate-mofetil
#6
REVIEW
Nicole Lioufas, Moira Finlay, Thomas Barbour
In C3 glomerulopathy, uncontrolled complement C3 activation via the alternative pathway results in glomerular C3 deposition and, in many cases, progressive renal failure. Despite advances in understanding of C3G pathogenesis over the last few years, there are no proven treatments. We describe a patient in whom C3 glomerulopathy was associated with renal impairment and elevated serum free kappa light chains. An initial response to corticosteroids was followed by relapse once steroids were weaned, prompting use of mycophenolate mofetil to maintain remission...
February 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994856/c3-glomerulopathy-in-adults-a-distinct-patient-subset-showing-frequent-association-with-monoclonal-gammopathy-and-poor-renal-outcome
#7
Isaac E Lloyd, Alexander Gallan, Hunter K Huston, Kalani L Raphael, Dylan V Miller, Monica P Revelo, Mazdak A Khalighi
BACKGROUND: C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) includes both C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) and dense deposit disease (DDD) and is defined by C3-dominant deposits on immunofluorescence. Dysfunction of the alternative pathway (AP) of complement is central to the pathophysiology of C3G and young patients often harbor genetic alterations of AP mediators. Recently, a link between C3G and paraproteinemia has been established. We performed this study to better characterize older patients with C3G where this association is more frequently seen...
December 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878657/c3-glomerulopathy-and-current-dilemmas
#8
Naoko Ito, Ryuji Ohashi, Michio Nagata
C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) is a recently identified disease entity caused by dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway, and dense deposit disease (DDD) and C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) are its components. Because laboratory detection of complement dysregulation is still uncommon in practice, "dominant C3 deposition by two orders greater than that of immunoglobulins in the glomeruli by immunofluorescence", as stated in the consensus report, defines C3G. However, this morphological definition possibly includes the cases with glomerular diseases of different mechanisms such as post-infectious glomerulonephritis...
November 23, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717365/severe-active-c3-glomerulonephritis-triggered-by-immune-complexes-and-inactivated-after-eculizumab-therapy
#9
Tanja Kersnik Levart, Dušan Ferluga, Alenka Vizjak, Jerica Mraz, Nika Kojc
BACKGROUND: Understanding the role of alternative complement pathway dysregulation in membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) has led to a dramatic shift in its classification into two subgroups: immune complex-mediated MPGN and complement-mediated MPGN, consisting of dense deposit disease and C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN). A limited number of C3GN cases have been published to date with not yet conclusive results since the novel therapeutic approach with eculizumab was introduced...
October 7, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631242/c3-glomerulonephritis-in-multiple-myeloma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Guang Yin, Zhen Cheng, Cai-Hong Zeng, Zhi-Hong Liu
BACKGROUND: C3 glomerulonephritis (C3 GN) is a recently defined entity characterized by predominant C3 deposition in glomeruli due to abnormal activation of the alternative pathway of complement system. C3 GN has been reported to be associated with several systemic diseases. However, the association between C3 GN and multiple myeloma (MM) has not been well established. METHODS: We herein describe a case presenting with C3 GN on top of MM. RESULTS: A 64-year-old Chinese female presented with gross hematuria, renal dysfunction, anemia, and weight loss...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507892/characterization-of-c3-in-c3-glomerulopathy
#11
Sanjeev Sethi, Julie A Vrana, Fernando C Fervenza, Jason D Theis, Amit Sethi, Paul J Kurtin, Yuzhou Zhang, Richard J H Smith
Background: C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) is caused by overactivity of the alternative pathway of complement that results in bright glomerular C3 staining with minimal or no deposition of immunoglobulins on immunofluorescence microscopy. Laser microdissection and mass spectrometry of the two subtypes, C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) and dense deposit disease (DDD), have identified C3 as the predominant glomerular complement protein, although lesser amounts of C9, C5, C6, C7 and C8 are detectable...
March 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490940/familial-c3-glomerulonephritis-caused-by-a-novel-cfhr5-cfhr2-fusion-gene
#12
Xue Xiao, Cybele Ghossein, Agustín Tortajada, Yuzhou Zhang, Nicole Meyer, Michael Jones, Nicolo Ghiringhelli Borsa, Carla M Nester, Christie P Thomas, Santiago Rodríquez de Córdoba, Richard J H Smith
C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) is an ultra-rare complement-mediated renal disease characterized histologically by the predominance of C3 deposition within in the glomerulus. Familial cases of C3G are extremely uncommon and offer unique insight into the genetic drivers of complement dysregulation. In this report, we describe a patient who presented with C3G. Because a relative carried the same diagnosis, we sought an underlying genetic commonality to explain the phenotype. As part of a comprehension genetic screen, we completed multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification across the complement factor H related region and identified amplification alterations consistent with a genomic rearrangement...
September 2016: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460033/c3-mesangial-proliferative-glomerulonephritis-initially-presenting-with-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-a-case-report
#13
Can Huzmeli, Ferhan Candan, Ayse Seker, Esin Yildiz, Hatice Terzi, Mansur Kayatas
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic uremic syndrome is characterized by acute renal failure, thrombocytopenia, and Coombs-negative hemolytic anemia. In C3 mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, an increase in mesangial cell proliferation without thickening in the glomerular capillary wall can be seen under light microscopy, but the definitive diagnosis is made with the immunohistologic demonstration of isolated C3 deposits in the mesangium. C3 glomerulonephritis may be detected in childhood; however, in this case report we describe the first case of isolated C3 glomerulonephritis together with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome in an adult patient...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356907/understanding-the-complement-mediated-glomerular-diseases-focus-on-membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis-and-c3-glomerulopathies
#14
REVIEW
Sophia Lionaki, Hara Gakiopoulou, John N Boletis
An enhanced understanding of the role of complement in the pathogenesis of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis has led to reclassification of the latter into immunoglobulin-mediated and non-immunoglobulin-mediated disease. The new classification schema resulted in improved diagnostic clinical algorithms, while it brought into light again the diseases, which are characterized by the presence of glomerular deposits, composed predominantly by C3, in the absence of significant amounts of immunoglobulins in renal biopsy, namely, C3 glomerulopathies (dense deposit disease and C3 glomerulonephritis)...
September 2016: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274823/revisiting-post-infectious-glomerulonephritis-in-the-emerging-era-of-c3-glomerulopathy
#15
Mazdak A Khalighi, Shihtien Wang, Kammi J Henriksen, Margret Bock, Mahima Keswani, Shane M Meehan, Anthony Chang
BACKGROUND: Post-infectious glomerulonephritis (PIGN) is an immune complex-mediated glomerular injury that typically resolves. Dominant C3 deposition is characteristic of PIGN, but with the emergence of C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) as a distinct entity, it is unclear how the pathologic similarities between PIGN and C3GN should be reconciled. Therefore, nephrologists and nephropathologists need additional guidance at the time of biopsy. METHODS: We studied 23 pediatric and young adult patients diagnosed with PIGN...
June 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156109/complement-and-the-kidney-in-the-setting-of-shiga-toxin-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-organ-transplantation-and-c3-glomerulonephritis
#16
REVIEW
Lindsay S Keir, Craig B Langman
OBJECTIVES: To review the role of complement in glomerular pathologies focusing on thrombotic microangiopathies (TMA) caused by Shiga toxin (Stx) and organ transplantation associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) as well as C3 glomerulopathy (C3G). METHODS: Examination of literature discussing TMA associated with Stx HUS, transplantation related HUS and C3G. RESULTS: There is an emerging role for complement biology in the renal glomerulus where its inappropriate over-activation is integral to several diseases...
April 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146825/testing-the-activity-of-complement-convertases-in-serum-plasma-for-diagnosis-of-c4nef-mediated-c3-glomerulonephritis
#17
Anna M Blom, Fernando Corvillo, Michal Magda, Grzegorz Stasiłojć, Pilar Nozal, Miguel Ángel Pérez-Valdivia, Virginia Cabello-Chaves, Santiago Rodríguez de Córdoba, Margarita López-Trascasa, Marcin Okrój
Autoantibodies termed C3-nephritic factor (C3NeF), which stabilize convertases of the alternative complement pathway, often stimulate autoinflammatory diseases. However, knowledge about analogous autoantibodies acting on the classical pathway (C4NeF) is limited to a few reports, which indicate association with kidney dysfunction, systemic lupus erythematous, and infections. C4NeF may appear independently from C3NeF, but the lack of a routine diagnostic method predisposes C4NeF for being an underestimated player in autoinflammatory episodes...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056062/c3-glomerulopathy
#18
Magdalena Riedl, Paul Thorner, Christoph Licht
Recent advances in our understanding of the disease pathology of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis has resulted in its re-classification as complement C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) and immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis (IC-GN). The new consensus is based on its underlying pathomechanism, with a key pathogenetic role for the complement alternative pathway (AP), rather than on histomorphological characteristics. In C3G, loss of AP regulation leads to predominant glomerular C3 deposition, which distinguishes C3G from IC-GN with predominant immunoglobulin G staining...
January 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27004158/concomitant-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-and-c3-glomerulonephritis-causing-renal-failure
#19
Aadel A Chaudhuri, Jason T Davis
A 75-year-old male with no prior history of vasculitis or renal deficiency presented with a history of 36 hours of anterior epistaxis, one month of worsening shortness of breath, severe anemia requiring transfusion, thrombocytopenia, coagulopathy with INR 4.9, and renal failure requiring hemodialysis. A peripheral blood smear revealed no evidence of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. We performed an autoimmune workup, which revealed high levels of serum serine protease 3 antibody (C-ANCA), elevated rheumatoid factor, low serum C3, and normal levels of serum C4...
February 5, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26986539/de-novo-c3-glomerulonephritis-in-a-renal-allograft
#20
Ji Hae Nahm, Seung Hwan Song, Yu Seun Kim, Hae-Il Cheong, Beom Jin Lim, Beom Seok Kim, Hyeon Joo Jeong
C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) is a recently described, rare glomerular disease characterized by predominant or sole glomerular C3 deposits. Morphologic features of C3GN are similar to those of dense deposit disease (DDD); however, ribbon-like intramembranous electron-dense deposits are absent in the former. We report a case of de novo C3GN in a renal allograft with morphologic transformation to DDD. A 6-year-old boy presented with congenital left renal agenesis and right ureteropelvic junction obstruction. The patient underwent pyeloplasty but experienced recurrent urinary tract infections...
2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
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