keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disability rights

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103389/the-use-of-antioxidants-in-the-treatment-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Whitney Venegoni, Qiuhua Shen, Amanda R Thimmesch, Meredith Bell, John B Hiebert, Janet D Pierce
AIMS: To discuss secondary traumatic brain injury, the mitochondria and the use of antioxidants as a treatment. BACKGROUND: One of the leading causes of death in young adults internationally is traumatic brain injury, affecting individuals in all demographics. Traumatic brain injury is produced by an external blunt force or penetration resulting in alterations in brain function or pathology. Often, with a traumatic brain injury, secondary injury causes additional damage to the brain tissue that can have further impact on recovery and the quality of life...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099760/clinical-behavioural-and-social-indicators-for-poor-glycaemic-control-around-the-time-of-transfer-to-adult-care-a-longitudinal-study-of-126-young-people-with-diabetes
#3
P Castensøe-Seidenfaden, A Kryger Jensen, H Smedegaard, E Hommel, G Reventlov Husted, U Pedersen-Bjergaard, G Teilmann
AIMS: To describe and compare changes in glycaemic control in young people with Type 1 diabetes over time between the last 2 years in paediatric care and the first 2 years in adult care and to identify risk factors for poor glycaemic control. METHODS: Our retrospective cohort study followed participants aged 14-22 years from 2 years before to 2 years after transfer from paediatric to adult care. Changes in glycaemic control were calculated using repeated measurements...
January 18, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099714/zika-virus-infection-in-brazil-and-human-rights-obligations
#4
Debora Diniz, Sinara Gumieri, Beatriz Galli Bevilacqua, Rebecca J Cook, Bernard M Dickens
The February 2016 WHO declaration that congenital Zika virus syndrome constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern reacted to the outbreak of the syndrome in Brazil. Public health emergencies can justify a spectrum of human rights responses, but in Brazil, the emergency exposed prevailing inequities in the national healthcare system. The government's urging to contain the syndrome, which is associated with microcephaly among newborns, is confounded by lack of reproductive health services. Women with low incomes in particular have little access to such health services...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099342/successful-surgical-treatment-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-from-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Cheng Huang, Zhichao Lai, Mu He, Biyun Zhai, Liangrui Zhou, Xiao Long
RATIONALE: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a disabling inflammatory disease mainly affecting apocrine glands. Marjolin ulcer (MU) is a term used to describe a rare type of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising within sites of chronic wounds or preexisting scars. Chronic HS may result in a rare type of SCC, MU, which has a poor prognosis due to its high metastatic rate. CONCERNS OF THE PATIENT: Here we reported a 60-year-old male who developed SCC on the right buttock after suffering from HS for 15 years...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094154/commentary-mandatory-reporting-for-child-protection-in-health-settings-and-the-rights-of-parents-with-disabilities
#6
Nancy R Mudrick, Carrie Jefferson Smith
This commentary considers the intersection of mandatory reporting in health settings and the public child protection system's treatment of parents with disabilities. Its impetus is the August 2015 technical assistance document issued jointly by the U.S. departments of Justice (DOJ) and Health and Human Services (HHS) that affirms the applicability of the ADA and Section 504 to child protection system (CPS) processes. The DOJ/HHS document speaks to actions of state child protection agencies and courts, without addressing the first step, mandatory reporting...
December 30, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093536/noma-overview-of-a-neglected-disease-and-human-rights-violation
#7
REVIEW
M Leila Srour, Klaas Marck, Denise Baratti-Mayer
Noma is an orofacial gangrene affecting malnourished children and mainly observed in tropical countries, particularly sub-Saharan Africa. Epidemiological data on noma are scarce, but a current estimate of the global incidence is 30,000-40,000 cases per year, with a mortality rate of approximately 85% and a burden of disease calculated to be a loss of 1-10 million disability-adjusted life years. The etiology of noma is multifactorial with malnutrition as an ever present factor, often in combination with concomitant diseases, such as measles, malaria, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and poor oral hygiene...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088616/patient-agency-and-contested-notions-of-disability-in-social-assistance-applications-in-south-africa
#8
Gabrielle Kelly
Problems in fairly allocating welfare and health resources are very often located in the spaces where citizens interact directly with state workers. This study draws on observations of doctor-patient encounters in disability assessments for the South African disability grant (DG) to examine how doctor-patient interactions and patient agency shape social welfare allocation in a context of high poverty and inequality. Data were gathered via interviews with healthcare workers and observations of doctor-patient interactions in twelve clinics and three hospitals in the Western Cape province between October 2013 and August 2014...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079844/serum-interleukin-6-in-systemic-sclerosis-and-its-correlation-with-disease-parameters-and-cardiopulmonary-involvement
#9
Rasha A Abdel-Magied, Shereen R Kamel, Azza Farag Said, Hazem M Ali, Ehab A Abdel Gawad, Mahmoud M Moussa
OBJECTIVE: To assess serum interleukin-6 (IL-6)level in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and its correlations with European Scleroderma Study Group activity score (EUSTAR), Scleroderma Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ), disability index and cardiopulmonary involvement. METHODS: Twenty SSc patients and 10 matched healthy controls were included. Serum IL-6 was measured in patients and controls. Disease activity, status,and disability were assessed.Cardiopulmonary involvement was evaluated by pulmonary function tests (PFTs), six minute walk test, echocardiography, and high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of chest...
December 23, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074630/quantification-of-phenotype-information-aids-the-identification-of-novel-disease-genes
#10
Anneke T Vulto-van Silfhout, Christian Gilissen, Jelle J Goeman, Sandra Jansen, Claudia J M van Amen-Hellebrekers, Bregje W M van Bon, David A Koolen, Erik A Sistermans, Han G Brunner, Arjan P M de Brouwer, Bert B A de Vries
Next generation sequencing led to the identification of many potential novel disease genes. The presence of mutations in the same gene in multiple unrelated patients is, however, a priori insufficient to establish that these genes are truly involved in the respective disease. Here, we show how phenotype information can be incorporated within statistical approaches to provide additional evidence for the causality of mutations. We developed a broadly applicable statistical model that integrates gene-specific mutation rates, cohort size, mutation type and phenotype frequency information to assess the chance of identifying de novo mutations affecting the same gene in multiple patients with shared phenotype features...
January 10, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071813/sex-differences-in-tendon-structure-and-function
#11
Dylan C Sarver, Yalda Ashraf Kharaz, Kristoffer B Sugg, Jonathan P Gumucio, Eithne Comerford, Christopher L Mendias
Tendons play a critical role in the transmission of forces between muscles and bones, and chronic tendon injuries and diseases are among the leading causes of musculoskeletal disability. Little is known about sex-based differences in tendon structure and function. Our objective was to evaluate the mechanical properties, biochemical composition, transcriptome, and cellular activity of plantarflexor tendons from four month old male and female C57BL/6 mice using in vitro biomechanics, mass spectrometry-based proteomics, genome-wide expression profiling, and cell culture techniques...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070886/spinal-cord-atrophy-in-anterior-posterior-direction-reflects-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis
#12
H Lundell, O Svolgaard, A-M Dogonowski, J Romme Christensen, F Selleberg, P Soelberg Sørensen, M Blinkenberg, H R Siebner, E Garde
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how atrophy is distributed over the cross section of the upper cervical spinal cord and how this relates to functional impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We analysed the structural brain MRI scans of 54 patients with relapsing-remitting MS (n=22), primary progressive MS (n=9), secondary progressive MS (n=23) and 23 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. We measured the cross-sectional area (CSA), left-right width (LRW) and anterior-posterior width (APW) of the spinal cord at the segmental level C2...
January 10, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070683/do-we-have-the-right-proms-for-measuring-outcomes-in-lumbar-spinal-surgery
#13
REVIEW
O M Stokes, A A Cole, L M Breakwell, A J Lloyd, C M Leonard, M Grevitt
PURPOSE: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have become an important part of routine auditing of outcomes in spinal surgery in the UK. PROMs can be used to help assess the quality of care provided by surgical units by determining the comparative health status of patients, before and after surgery. This study was designed to review the PROMs used to assess outcomes in spinal surgery and to determine if they are fit for the purpose. METHODS: A systematic literature search was undertaken to identify studies that reported PROMs data following lumbar spinal surgery...
January 9, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063244/single-sided-deafness-affects-language-and-auditory-development-a-case-control-study
#14
Anouk Sangen, Liesbeth Royackers, Christian Desloovere, Jan Wouters, Astrid van Wieringen
OBJECTIVES: To examine auditory, linguistic and cognitive outcomes of children with single sided deafness (SSD). An increasing body of research suggests that children with SSD lag behind with respect to their normal hearing (NH) peers. In the present study we tap into certain developmental skills. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: 21 children with SSD between 5 and 15 years of age participated. Per child with SSD two NH control children were matched on age and gender...
January 7, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063170/assessing-mnis-7ionis-and-international-neurologists-proficiency-in-an-fap-trial
#15
Peter J Dyck, John C Kincaid, P James B Dyck, Vinay Chaudhry, Namita A Goyal, Christina Alves, Hayet Salhi, Janice F Wiesman, Celine Labeyrie, Jessica Robinson-Papp, Márcio Cardoso, Matilde Laura, Katherine Ruzhansky, Andrea Cortese, Thomas H Brannagan, Julie Khoury, Sami Khella, Márcia Waddington-Cruz, João Ferreira, Annabel K Wang, Marcus V Pinto, Samar S Ayache, Merrill D Benson, John L Berk, Teresa Coelho, Michael Polydefkis, Peter Gorevic, David H Adams, Violaine Plante-Bordeneuve, Carol Whelan, Giampaolo Merlini, Stephen Heitner, Brian M Drachman, Isabel Conceição, Christopher J Klein, Morie A Gertz, Elizabeth J Ackermann, Steven G Hughes, Michelle L Mauermann, Rito Bergemann, Karen A Lodermeier, Jenny L Davies, Rickey E Carter, William J Litchy
INTRODUCTION: Polyneuropathy signs (Neuropathy Impairment Score, NIS), neurophysiologic tests (m+7Ionis ), disability, and health scores were assessed in baseline evaluations of 100 patients entered into an oligonucleotide familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) trial. METHODS: We assessed: 1) Proficiency of grading neurologic signs and correlation with neurophysiologic tests, and 2) clinometric performance of mNIS+7Ionis and its subscores and correlation with disability and health scores...
January 7, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060450/effects-of-increased-alcohol-availability-during-adolescence-on-the-risk-of-all-cause-and-cause-specific-disability-pension-a-natural-experiment
#16
Emelie Thern, Jeroen de Munter, Tomas Hemmingsson, George Davey Smith, Mats Ramstedt, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen
AIM: To test if being exposed to increased alcohol availability during adolescence is associated with an increased risk of receiving disability pension due to all-cause, alcohol use disorders and mental disorders. DESIGN: Register-based population-based study using a natural experiment setting, the alcohol policy change in Sweden (1967-1968), with increased access to strong beer in a narrow time window and geographical area. The individuals exposed to the policy change were compared with non-exposed individuals living in the rest of Sweden, excluding a border area...
January 6, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059879/the-implementation-challenge-and-the-learning-health-system-for-sci-initiative
#17
Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach
The paper introduces the special issue by linking the International Spinal Cord Injury (InSCI) Community Survey study to the Learning Health System for SCI Initiative (LHS-SCI). The LHS-SCI was designed to respond to the implementation challenge of bringing about policy reform in light of the targeted policy recommendations of World Health Organization's International Perspectives on SCI report as well as the call for action of WHO's Global Disability Action Plan. The paper reviews the components of LHS-SCI relevant to internationally comparable information, a theory of change to guide for action, and the tools for evidence-informed policy...
February 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055140/eif2s3-mutations-associated-with-severe-x-linked-intellectual-disability-syndrome-mehmo
#18
Martina Skopkova, Friederike Hennig, Byung-Sik Shin, Clesson E Turner, Daniela Stanikova, Katarina Brennerova, Juraj Stanik, Ute Fischer, Lyndal Henden, Ulrich Müller, Daniela Steinberger, Esther Leshinsky-Silver, Armand Bottani, Timea Kurdiova, Jozef Ukropec, Olga Nyitrayova, Miriam Kolnikova, Iwar Klimes, Guntram Borck, Melanie Bahlo, Stefan A Haas, Joo-Ran Kim, Leda E Lotspeich-Cole, Daniela Gasperikova, Thomas E Dever, Vera M Kalscheuer
Impairment of translation initiation and its regulation within the integrated stress response (ISR) and related unfolded-protein response has been identified as a cause of several multi-systemic syndromes. Here we link MEHMO syndrome, whose genetic etiology was unknown, to this group of disorders. MEHMO is a rare X-linked syndrome characterized by profound intellectual disability, epilepsy, hypogonadism, and hypogenitalism, microcephaly, and obesity. We have identified a C-terminal frameshift mutation (Ile465Serfs) in the EIF2S3 gene in three families with MEHMO syndrome and a novel maternally inherited missense EIF2S3 variant (c...
January 5, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054829/patterns-of-community-participation-across-the-seasons-a-year-long-case-study-of-three-canadian-wheelchair-users
#19
Jacquie Ripat, Jaimie F Borisoff, Lea E Grant, Franco H N Chan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the patterns of wheelchair users' community participation across a one-year period, including periods with substantial differences in weather conditions. We sought to develop a detailed understanding of the patterns of, and influences on, wheelchair use and participation within wheelchair users' own communities. METHOD: We conducted an instrumental case study of three purposefully selected individuals who use a wheelchair...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052319/treatment-and-management-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-all-roads-lead-to-rome
#20
REVIEW
Jesus Castro-Marrero, Naia Sáez-Francàs, Dafna Santillo, Jose Alegre
This comprehensive review explores the current evidence on benefits and harms of therapeutic interventions in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) and makes recommendations. CFS/ME is a complex, multi-system, chronic medical condition whose pathophysiology remains unknown. No established diagnostic tests exist; nor are any FDA-approved drugs available for treatment. Because of the range of symptoms of CFS/ME, treatment approaches vary widely. Studies undertaken have heterogeneous designs and are limited by sample size, length of follow-up, applicability and methodological quality...
January 4, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
100540
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"