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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159512/cell-sheet-based-multilayered-liver-tumor-models-for-anti-cancer-drug-screening
#1
Jianing Yang, Shengjun Zhao, Yunfei Ji, Lili Zhao, Qingzhu Kong, Qing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To fabricate in vitro cell-dense, three-dimensional (3D) tumor models by employing a cell sheet technology for testing anti-cancer drug efficacy. RESULTS: The stratified liver tumor models were fabricated by stacking contiguous HepG2 cell sheets. Triple-layer (3L), double-layer (2L), single-layer (1L) cell sheet-based liver tumor models (CSLTMs) demonstrated 106, 96, 85% cell viability, respectively, after 3 days treatment of 10 µM doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX), while cell viability in two-dimensional (2D) conventional culture (control) was 27%...
November 20, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159225/data-on-the-effect-of-mir-15b-on-the-expression-of-insr-in-murine-c2c12-myocytes
#2
Won-Mo Yang, Kyung-Ho Min, Se-Whan Park, Wan Lee
The ectopic expression of miR-15b is linked causally to impaired insulin signaling in human HepG2 hepatocytes through the suppression of INSR (Yang et al., 2015) [1]. In this data article, we further examined the effect of miR-15b on insulin signaling in a murine skeletal muscle cells, C2C12 myocytes. Although the 3'UTR of mouse INSR mRNA has an appropriate binding site for miR-15b based on TargetScan analysis, the ectopic expression of miR-15b did not suppress the expression and insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of insulin signaling intermediates in C2C12 myocytes...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159216/data-on-the-decreased-expression-of-foxo1-by-mir-1271-in-hepg2-hepatocytes
#3
Won-Mo Yang, Kyung-Ho Min, Se-Whan Park, Wan Lee
Obesity and metabolic diseases are closely associated with insulin resistance. Obesity-induced miRNAs are also considered to be potential contributors to the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Previously, the expression of miR-1271 was reported to be upregulated in the liver of diet-induced obese mice (Yang et al., 2016) [1]. In this data article, multiple in silico analysis predicted FOXO1 gene to be a direct target of miR-1271. Dual luciferase reporter gene analysis showed that miR-1271 suppressed FOXO1 expression by direct binding to 3'UTR...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159212/data-on-the-expression-of-pepck-in-hepg2-hepatocytes-transfected-with-mir-195
#4
Won-Mo Yang, Kyung-Ho Min, Se-Whan Park, Wan Lee
Dietary fats rich in saturated fatty acid (SFA) increase the risk of metabolic diseases, and certain microRNAs (miRNAs) dysregulated by SFA are associated with the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. A previous study found that miR-195 is increased by SFA and impairs hepatic insulin signaling through the suppression of INSR (Yang et al., 2014) [1]. This article reports accompanying data to determine the effect of miR-195 on the expression of PEPCK, a key player in hepatic gluconeogenesis...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158827/long-term-effect-of-biomineralized-insulin-nanoparticles-on-type-2-diabetes-treatment
#5
Yun Xiao, Xiaoyu Wang, Ben Wang, Xueyao Liu, Xurong Xu, Ruikang Tang
Intracellular insulin may exhibit a long-term effect in regulating protein synthesis, DNA synthesis, and gene transcription. However, the intracellular delivery of insulin is a great challenge. Here, we describe how a simple biomineralization modification of insulin can transport it into intact cells on a large scale, leading to a long-term therapeutic effect on diabetes mellitus. Using insulin-resistant HepG2 cell and diabetic KKAy mice as models, in vitro and in vivo assessments have demonstrated that biomineralized insulin nanoparticles can trigger glucose metabolism, and this improvement extends after the treatment...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158819/pro-inflammatory-cxcr3-impairs-mitochondrial-function-in-experimental-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
#6
Jinghua Du, Xiang Zhang, Juqiang Han, Kwan Man, Yanquan Zhang, Eagle Sh Chu, Yuemin Nan, Jun Yu
Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a crucial role in the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, the regulator of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of NASH is still largely unclear. CXCR3 is an essential pro-inflammatory factor in chronic liver diseases. We explored the significance of CXCR3 in regulating mitochondrial function during NASH development in animal models and cultured hepatocytes. METHODS: The effects of CXCR3 on mitochondrial function were evaluated by genetic knockout or pharmacological inhibition in mouse models and in vitro...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158770/does-the-enterolactone-enl-affect-fatty-acid-transporters-and-lipid-metabolism-in-liver
#7
Krzysztof Drygalski, Klaudia Berk, Tomasz Charytoniuk, Nicoletta Iłowska, Bartłomiej Łukaszuk, Adrian Chabowski, Karolina Konstantynowicz-Nowicka
Background: NAFLD as a result of inappropriate diet and obesity, may progress to sever conditions such as: type 2 diabetes mellitus or steatohepatitis, and has recently become a prevalent topic of numerous investigations. Due to its dangerous aftermaths, finding new substances, such as polyphenols and their derivatives, which might reduce liver steatosis is the main target of research into NAFLD treatment. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect(s) of enterolactone (ENL), a metabolite of secoisolariciresinol (SECO), on lipid metabolism together with changes in the expression of fatty acid transporters in fatty liver...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158707/a-novel-monocyclic-triterpenoid-and-a-norsesquaterpenol-from-the-aerial-parts-of-suaeda-monoica-forssk-ex-j-f-gmel-with-cell-proliferative-potential
#8
Mansour S Al-Said, Nasir A Siddiqui, Mohamed Ahmed Mukhair, Mohammad K Parvez, Perwez Alam, Mohd Ali, Anzarul Haque
Suaeda monoica Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel (Chenopodiaceae), a mangrove herb, is distributed in tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula, India, Pakistan, Palestine and Jordan. The plant parts are used to treat sore throat, hepatitis, wounds, rheumatism, paralysis, asthma, snakebites, skin disease and ulcer. Two new phytoconstituents characterized as 13,17-octahydropentalene-4,4,10,23-tetramethyl-17,21-diisopropyl-tetradecahydrocyclo-[a]-phenanthrene-(14), 20(23), 21(30)-trien-5α-ol (SMC-3) and [1,4,4-trimethyl-cyclopent-1(5)-enyl]-9,10,17,21-tetramethyl-9α-ol-16α (17α)-epoxy heptadecan-6,10-dione (SMC-4) belong to the class norsesquaterpenol and monocyclic triterpenoid, respectively, along with two known compounds 3-epi-lupeol (SMC-1) and 4-cyclopentylpyrocatechol (SMC-2) have been isolated from the ethanol extract of aerial parts of S...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158005/1-25-oh-2d3-induced-apoptosis-of-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-in-vitro-and-inhibited-their-growth-in-a-nude-mouse-xenograft-model-by-regulating-histone-deacetylase-2
#9
Jian Huang, Guozhen Yang, Yunzhu Huang, Shu Zhang
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on the apoptosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. The effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on the proliferation and apoptosis of human HCC cells by regulating histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) were assessed by MTT assay and flow cytometry. The effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on the expressions of related proteins in the apoptosis pathway by regulating HDAC2 as well as the mechanism were studied by Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR. A nude mouse model of HCC xenograft was established...
November 17, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157909/sulfated-fucan-from-sea-cucumber-stichopus-japonicus-on-nk-cell-activation-and-cytotoxicity
#10
Utoomporn Surayot, SangMin Lee, SangGuan You
The aqueous crude sulfated fucan (SF) from Stichopus japonicus was extracted and fractionated using anion-exchange chromatography to obtain four fractions (F1, F2, F3 and F4) and to investigate their NK cell activation and cytotoxicity. The most potent NK cell cytotoxicity (45% at 250μg/mL) against HeLa cells was observed by F1 treatment, on the other hand, F3 and F4 treatment exhibited strong NK cell cytotoxicity (31-34% at 250μg/mL) against HepG2 and HT-29 cells. The SF treatment enhanced the activation of NK cells through the mRNA expression of INF-γ, an activating receptor (NKp30), lysing proteins (perforin and granzyme-B) as well as a death ligand (FasL)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157826/modulation-of-pregnane-x-receptor-pxr-and-constitutive-androstane-receptor-car-activation-by-ursolic-acid-ua-attenuates-rifampin-isoniazid-cytotoxicity
#11
Hsiao-Yun Chang, Chao-Jung Chen, Wei-Chih Ma, Wai-Kok Cheng, Yen-Ning Lin, Ying-Ray Lee, Jih-Jung Chen, Yun-Ping Lim
BACKGROUND: Interactions between transcriptional inducers of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes and therapeutic drugs may be prevented by antagonizing the activation of a nuclear receptor (NR), pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2), thus improving therapeutic efficacy. PURPOSE: In the present study, we aim to identify that ursolic acid (UA), a widely distributed pentacyclic triterpene, may act as an effective antagonist of PXR and its sister NR receptor, constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3)...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157161/modulation-of-hepcidin-expression-by-normal-control-and-beta0-thalassemia-hb-e-erythroblasts
#12
Janejira Jaratsittisin, Wannapa Sornjai, Saovaros Svasti, Suthat Fucharoen, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Duncan R Smith
OBJECTIVES: The inherited genetic disorder beta0-thalassemia/Hb E disease is associated with the over-suppression of the master regulator of iron homeostasis, the peptide hormone hepcidin. How developing erythroid cells mediate the suppression of hepcidin remains controversial, although a number of inhibitors have been proposed. METHODS: To investigate the ability of erythroid cells to suppress hepcidin expression in liver cells, conditioned media from the culture of in vitro differentiating erythroblasts (from normal controls and beta0-thalassemia/Hb E patients) was used to treat HepG2 cells, and the effects on hepcidin expression were assayed by real-time quantitative PCR and confocal microscopy...
November 21, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156993/phenolic-compounds-analysis-antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-effects-of-periploca-angustifolia-extract-on-cadmium-induced-oxidative-damage-in-hepg2-cell-line-and-rats
#13
Khaled Athmouni, Dalel Belhaj, Khaoula Mkadmini Hammi, Abdelfattah El Feki, Habib Ayadi
A total of five components (Catechin, Caffeic acid, Ferulic acid, Rosmarinic acid, and Amentoflavone) were identified in Periploca angustifolia leaf methanolic extract. This extract did not cause any cytotoxic effect on HepG2 cell line within the range of concentrations tested (0-400 µg mL(-1)). Thus, pre-treatment with 100 µg mL(-1) of P. angustifolia leaf methanolic extract (PAE) significantly (p < .05) protective HepG2 cells against cytotoxicity induced by cadmium exposure. However, Cd-intoxication significantly (p < ...
November 20, 2017: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156819/mir-29a-3p-suppresses-cell-proliferation-and-migration-by-downregulating-igf1r-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Xiao Wang, Shasha Liu, Ling Cao, Tengfei Zhang, Dongli Yue, Liping Wang, Yu Ping, Qianyi He, Chaoqi Zhang, Meng Wang, Xinfeng Chen, Qun Gao, Dan Wang, Zhen Zhang, Fei Wang, Li Yang, Jieyao Li, Lan Huang, Bin Zhang, Yi Zhang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common primary tumor of the liver, has a poor prognosis and rapid progression. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) is a transmembrane heterotetrameric protein that has been reported to promote transformation to malignancy and cancer cell proliferation and survival. In this study, we found that the expression of miR-29a-3p was downregulated in HCC patients, resulting in poor survival rates...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156790/kaempferol-induces-autophagic-cell-death-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-via-activating-ampk-signaling
#15
Bing Han, Yi-Qun Yu, Qi-Lian Yang, Chun-Ying Shen, Xiao-Juan Wang
In the present study, we demonstrate that Kaempferol inhibited survival and proliferation of established human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines (HepG2, Huh-7, BEL7402, and SMMC) and primary human HCC cells. Kaempferol treatment in HCC cells induced profound AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation, which led to Ulk1 phosphorylation, mTOR complex 1 inhibition and cell autophagy. Autophagy induction was reflected by Beclin-1/autophagy gene 5 upregulation and p62 degradation as well as light chain 3B (LC3B)-I to LC3B-II conversion and LC3B puncta formation...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156696/interaction-of-microrna-21-145-and-smad3-domain-specific-phosphorylation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Ji Yu Wang, Meng Fang, Alex Boye, Chao Wu, Jia Jun Wu, Ying Ma, Shu Hou, Yue Kan, Yan Yang
MicroRNAs 21 and 145 exhibit inverse expression in Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but how they relate to Smad3 C-terminal and Link region phosphorylation (pSmad3C and pSmad3L) downstream of TGF-β/MAPK signaling, remains inconclusive. Our results suggest microRNA-145 targets Smad3 in HepG2 cells. Decreased tumor volume and increased apoptosis were produced in both microRNA-21 antagomir and microRNA-145 agomir groups compared to controls. Inhibition of TβRI and MAPK (ERK, JNK, and p38) activation respectively produced decreased microRNA-21 but increased microRNA-145 expression...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156516/synergistic-anticancer-activity-of-20-s-ginsenoside-rg3-and-sorafenib-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-modulating-pten-akt-signaling-pathway
#17
Mingxia Lu, Zhenghua Fei, Ganlu Zhang
Sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor for hepatocellular carcinoma treatment, inhibits the Raf/MAPK/ERK signaling pathway. However, PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is activated by Sorafenib and cross-talks with the Raf/MAPK/ERK signaling pathway, leading to drug resistance. 20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 has been reported with significant anticancer effect to numerous carcinomas by inhibition of PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Hence, we aim to examine the synergistic anticancer activity of 20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 and Sorafenib via modulation of PTEN/Akt signaling pathway...
November 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155395/porcine-skin-gelatin-silver-nanocomposites-synthesis-characterisation-cell-cytotoxicity-and-antibacterial-properties
#18
Hosam I Salaheldin, Amr Negm, Gamal E H Osman
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesised with hydrothermal autoclaving technique by using AgNO3 salt (silver precursor) at different concentrations (0.01, 0.1, 0.55, 1.1, 5.5, and 11 mM) and porcine skin (1% (w/v) ) gelatin polymeric matrix (reducing and stabiliser agent). The reaction was performed in an autoclave at 103 kPa and 121°C and the hydrothermal autoclaving exposure time and AgNO3 molar concentration were varied at a constant porcine skin gelatin concentration. The as-prepared AgNPs were characterised by UV-visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
December 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153588/azole-hydrazone-derivatives-design-synthesis-in-vitro-biological-evaluation-dual-egfr-her2-inhibitory-activity-cell-cycle-analysis-and-molecular-docking-study-as-anticancer-agents
#19
Madlen B Labib, John N Philoppes, Phoebe F Lamie, Esam R Ahmed
In this research, three series of azole-hydrazone derivatives namely, benzimidazole, benzoxazole and benzothiazole were designed and synthesized. Their structures were confirmed by elemental analysis and spectroscopic techniques. Stereochemical configuration of the synthesized compounds (Z/E) was determined. The new derivatives were tested in vitro against both human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) and human hepatic adenocarcinoma (HepG2) cell lines. The most active compounds 3h (IC50 = 0.067 μM against MCF-7) and 3l (IC50 = 0...
November 15, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153030/cytotoxicity-study-of-textile-fabrics-impregnated-with-cuo-nanoparticles-in-mammalian-cells
#20
Gagandeep Singh, James Beddow, Christopher Mee, Lidia Maryniak, Eadaoin M Joyce, Timothy J Mason
Copper and copper compounds have multifunctional properties (antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal) with promising applications. Copper in its nanoparticle (Cu NPs) forms has been widely used in various industrial and commercial applications. In the current research, the cytotoxic effects of textile fabrics impregnated with copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) were studied in mammalian cell lines. CuO NPs were impregnated onto textile substrates using 2 different techniques: the sonochemical generation and impregnation of NPs from metal complexes ( insitu) and a "throwing the stones" technology using commercially prepared CuO NPs...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
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