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Structure Function Analysis in Glaucoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416313/measurement-of-the-hypotenuse-of-the-vertical-optic-nerve-head-cup-with-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-for-the-structural-diagnosis-of-glaucoma
#1
Fabio Lavinsky, Camila Zanella Benfica, Nédio Castoldi, Anne Elise Cruz do Carmo Chaves, Paulo Augusto de Arruda Mello
Purpose: To evaluate the hypotenuse of the vertical optic nerve head cup (HVOC), measured using the length and depth of the cup obtained with enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optic coherence tomography (SD-OCT), as a biomarker for glaucoma diagnosis. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study of patients with glaucoma and controls. SD-OCT was performed in all participants to assess average circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386616/bruch-s-membrane-opening-based-optical-coherence-tomography-of-the-optic-nerve-head-a-useful-diagnostic-tool-to-detect-glaucoma-in-macrodiscs
#2
P Enders, F Schaub, W Adler, M M Hermann, T S Dietlein, C Cursiefen, L M Heindl
PurposeTo compare Bruch's membrane opening (BMO)-based spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and margin based confocal scanning laser tomography (CSLT) of the optic nerve head (ONH) to visual field function in large optic discs (macrodiscs) and to assess performance for glaucoma detection.MethodsIn a case-control, cross-sectional study, 125 eyes of 125 patients with disc size >2.45 mm2, thereof 44 glaucoma and 11 ocular hypertension (OHT) patients and 70 healthy controls underwent SD-OCT and CSLT examination, visual field testing and clinical evaluation...
February 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370175/genomic-locus-modulating-corneal-thickness-in-the-mouse-identifies-pou6f2-as-a-potential-risk-of-developing-glaucoma
#3
Rebecca King, Felix L Struebing, Ying Li, Jiaxing Wang, Allison Ashley Koch, Jessica N Cooke Bailey, Puya Gharahkhani, Stuart MacGregor, R Rand Allingham, Michael A Hauser, Janey L Wiggs, Eldon E Geisert
Central corneal thickness (CCT) is one of the most heritable ocular traits and it is also a phenotypic risk factor for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). The present study uses the BXD Recombinant Inbred (RI) strains to identify novel quantitative trait loci (QTLs) modulating CCT in the mouse with the potential of identifying a molecular link between CCT and risk of developing POAG. The BXD RI strain set was used to define mammalian genomic loci modulating CCT, with a total of 818 corneas measured from 61 BXD RI strains (between 60-100 days of age)...
January 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367685/in-vivo-imaging-of-adeno-associated-viral-vector-labelled-retinal-ganglion-cells
#4
Corey A Smith, Balwantray C Chauhan
A defining characteristic of optic neuropathies, such as glaucoma, is progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Current clinical tests only provide weak surrogates of RGC loss, but the possibility of optically visualizing RGCs and quantifying their rate of loss could represent a radical advance in the management of optic neuropathies. In this study we injected two different adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector serotypes in the vitreous to enable green fluorescent protein (GFP) labelling of RGCs in wild-type mice for in vivo and non-invasive imaging...
January 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238616/applying-a-new-automated-perimetry-pattern-based-on-the-stimulus-distribution-of-the-multifocal-erg-to-improve-structure-function-investigation-in-glaucoma
#5
Lívia M Brandão, Matthias Monhart, Andreas Schötzau, Anna A Ledolter, Anja M Palmowski-Wolfe
Purpose: To validate a new automated perimetry pattern (mf103 pattern) for the investigation of retinal structure-function relationships in glaucoma in comparison to the standard G2 pattern and to relate either field's performance to optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Automated perimetry data from the mfERG103 pattern were compared with the standard G2 pattern in glaucoma patients (18) and controls (15). The results of both (mean defect (MD) and mean sensitivity (MS)) were compared with optical coherence tomography (OCT): retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, macular thickness (mT), and ganglion cell analysis (GCIPL)...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236748/the-diagnostic-use-of-choroidal-thickness-analysis-and-its-correlation-with-visual-field-indices-in-glaucoma-using-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#6
Zhongjing Lin, Shouyue Huang, Ping Huang, Lei Guo, Xi Shen, Yisheng Zhong
PURPOSE: To evaluate the quantitative characteristics of choroidal thickness in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), normal tension glaucoma (NTG) and in normal eyes using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). To evaluate the diagnostic ability of choroidal thickness in glaucoma and to determine the correlation between choroidal thickness and visual field parameters in glaucoma. METHODS: A total of 116 subjects including 40 POAG, 30 NTG and 46 healthy subjects were enrolled in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157363/detecting-structural-progression-in-glaucoma-with-optical-coherence-tomography
#7
REVIEW
Andrew J Tatham, Felipe A Medeiros
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is increasingly used to obtain objective measurements of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), optic nerve head, and macula for assessing glaucoma progression. Although OCT has been adopted widely in clinical practice, uncertainty remains concerning its optimal role. Questions include: What is the best structure to measure? What quantity of change is significant? Are structural changes relevant to the patient? How are longitudinal measurements affected by aging? How can changes resulting from aging be differentiated from true progression? How best should OCT be used alongside visual fields, and how often should OCT be performed? Recent studies have addressed some of these questions...
December 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157362/detecting-visual-field-progression
#8
REVIEW
Ahmad A Aref, Donald L Budenz
Timely detection of glaucomatous progression is crucial in the delivery of glaucoma care. Clinical judgment may be used to make this assessment, but relatively modest agreement among practitioners supports the use of complementary methods. Event-based analyses take into account expected localized test-retest variabilities in sensitivity, and trend-based analyses are helpful for determining and predicting overall visual function. Landmark clinical trials have used various visual field progression criteria as end points with variable performances...
December 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106382/angiopoietin-1-is-required-for-schlemm-s-canal-development-in-mice-and-humans
#9
Benjamin R Thomson, Tomokazu Souma, Stuart W Tompson, Tuncer Onay, Krishnakumar Kizhatil, Owen M Siggs, Liang Feng, Kristina N Whisenhunt, Tammy L Yanovitch, Luba Kalaydjieva, Dimitar N Azmanov, Simone Finzi, Christine E Tanna, Alex W Hewitt, David A Mackey, Yasmin S Bradfield, Emmanuelle Souzeau, Shari Javadiyan, Janey L Wiggs, Francesca Pasutto, Xiaorong Liu, Simon Wm John, Jamie E Craig, Jing Jin, Terri L Young, Susan E Quaggin
Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is a leading cause of blindness in children worldwide and is caused by developmental defects in 2 aqueous humor outflow structures, Schlemm's canal (SC) and the trabecular meshwork. We previously identified loss-of-function mutations in the angiopoietin (ANGPT) receptor TEK in families with PCG and showed that ANGPT/TEK signaling is essential for SC development. Here, we describe roles for the major ANGPT ligands in the development of the aqueous outflow pathway. We determined that ANGPT1 is essential for SC development, and that Angpt1-knockout mice form a severely hypomorphic canal with elevated intraocular pressure...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098286/development-of-an-18-item-measure-of-symptom-burden-in-patients-with-glaucoma-from-the-collaborative-initial-glaucoma-treatment-study-s-symptom-and-health-problem-checklist
#10
David C Musch, Michelle E Tarver, Matt J Goren, Nancy K Janz
Importance: Administration of a brief questionnaire to evaluate glaucoma symptoms would lend useful information for patient care. Objectives: To develop a shortened glaucoma symptom measure based on the Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study (CIGTS) Symptom and Health Problem Checklist (SHPC) and evaluate its psychometric properties. Design, Setting, and Participants: This measure development study evaluated the factor structure of the 43-item SHPC that was obtained from CIGTS participants at baseline and every 6 months thereafter...
November 2, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062772/structure-function-relationship-comparison-between-retinal-nerve-fibre-layer-and-bruch-s-membrane-opening-minimum-rim-width-in-glaucoma
#11
Lukas Reznicek, Sophie Burzer, Andrea Laubichler, Ali Nasseri, Chris P Lohmann, Nikolaus Feucht, Michael Ulbig, Mathias Maier
AIM: To evaluate and compare structural optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based parameters, such as Bruch's membrane opening-minimum rim width (BMO-MRW), and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in glaucoma patients with visual field (VF) defects, and to correlate both to mean deviation (MD) values of obtained standard achromatic perimetry (SAP) examinations. METHODS: Patients with glaucoma and glaucomatous VF defects were enrolled in this prospective study and compared to age-matched healthy individuals...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049729/myocilin-regulates-metalloprotease-2-activity-through-interaction-with-timp3
#12
Myung Kuk Joe, Raquel L Lieberman, Naoki Nakaya, Stanislav I Tomarev
Purpose: To elucidate functions of wild-type myocilin, a secreted glycoprotein associated with glaucoma. Methods: Lysates of mouse eyes were used for immunoprecipitation with affinity-purified antibodies against mouse myocilin. Shotgun proteomic analysis was used for the identification of proteins interacting with myocilin. Colocalization of myocilin and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3 (TIMP3) in different eye structures was investigated by a multiplex fluorescent in situ hybridization and immunofluorescent labeling with subsequent confocal microscopy...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973333/pattern-recognition-analysis-reveals-unique-contrast-sensitivity-isocontours-using-static-perimetry-thresholds-across-the-visual-field
#13
Jack Phu, Sieu K Khuu, Lisa Nivison-Smith, Barbara Zangerl, Agnes Yiu Jeung Choi, Bryan W Jones, Rebecca L Pfeiffer, Robert E Marc, Michael Kalloniatis
Purpose: To determine the locus of test locations that exhibit statistically similar age-related decline in sensitivity to light increments and age-corrected contrast sensitivity isocontours (CSIs) across the central visual field (VF). We compared these CSIs with test point clusters used by the Glaucoma Hemifield Test (GHT). Methods: Sixty healthy observers underwent testing on the Humphrey Field Analyzer 30-2 test grid using Goldmann (G) stimulus sizes I-V. Age-correction factors for GI-V were determined using linear regression analysis...
September 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939691/5-year-disease-progression-of-patients-across-the-glaucoma-spectrum-assessed-by-structural-and-functional-tools
#14
Natasha Gautam Seth, Sushmita Kaushik, Savleen Kaur, Srishti Raj, Surinder Singh Pandav
BACKGROUND: Assessment of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) compared with visual fields, to detect progression across the glaucoma spectrum. METHODS: In this study, adult glaucoma suspects and patients, with baseline retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness on SD-OCT and reliable visual field (VF) tests on Humphrey Field Analyser (HFA) prior to March 2010, were recruited. Functional and structural progression over at least 5 years was compared using Glaucoma Progression Analysis (GPA) and VF index (VFI) on HFA and Guided Progression Analysis (GPA-OCT) on SD-OCT, respectively...
September 22, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865878/will-perimetry-be-performed-to-monitor-glaucoma-in-2025
#15
REVIEW
Andrew S Camp, Robert N Weinreb
Visual field testing has played an essential role in the diagnosis and management of glaucoma for more than a century. Methods to examine the visual field have been refined from early kinetic perimetry to current standard automated perimetry (SAP). Clinicians now use SAP for the diagnosis and management of glaucoma throughout the world. Various testing paradigms and analytic methods have been developed to simplify the diagnosis of glaucoma and the interpretation of progression. Moreover, strategies have been implemented to improve patient experience with visual field testing and to increase reliability...
December 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829657/association-of-catalase-polymorphisms-with-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-in-a-chinese-population
#16
Bo Gong, Yi Shi, Chao Qu, Zimeng Ye, Yilin Yin, Chang Tan, Ping Shuai, Jing Li, Xiaoxin Guo, Yilian Cheng, Zhenglin Yang, Ying Lin, Xiaoqi Liu
PURPOSE: Many genes have been associated with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). This study was conducted to investigate whether catalase (CAT) polymorphisms play a significant role in POAG in a Chinese population. METHODS: A cohort of 416 unrelated POAG patients and 997 unrelated control subjects was included in this case-control association study. CAT functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including rs1001179, rs7943316, and rs769217, were genotyped by SNaPshot method...
August 22, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771565/segmented-inner-plexiform-layer-thickness-as-a-potential-biomarker-to-evaluate-open-angle-glaucoma-dendritic-degeneration-of-retinal-ganglion-cell
#17
Eun Kyoung Kim, Hae-Young Lopilly Park, Chan Kee Park
PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thicknesses and compare structure-function relationships of 4 retinal layers using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in macular region of glaucoma patients. METHODS: In cross-sectional study, a total of 85 eyes with pre-perimetric to advanced glaucoma and 26 normal controls were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736474/phenotype-analysis-of-early-risk-factors-from-electronic-medical-records-improves-image-derived-diagnostic-classifiers-for-optic-nerve-pathology
#18
Shikha Chaganti, Kunal P Nabar, Katrina M Nelson, Louise A Mawn, Bennett A Landman
We examine imaging and electronic medical records (EMR) of 588 subjects over five major disease groups that affect optic nerve function. An objective evaluation of the role of imaging and EMR data in diagnosis of these conditions would improve understanding of these diseases and help in early intervention. We developed an automated image-processing pipeline that identifies the orbital structures within the human eyes from computed tomography (CT) scans, calculates structural size, and performs volume measurements...
February 11, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722309/long-term-outcomes-after-acute-primary-angle-closure-of-caucasian-chronic-angle-closure-glaucoma-cacg-patients
#19
Antonio Maria Fea, Laura Dallorto, Carlo Lavia, Giulia Pignata, Teresa Rolle, Tin Aung
IMPORTANCE: There is a lack of information about long term results of chronic angle closure glaucoma (CACG) following an acute primary angle closure (APAC) in Caucasian patients PURPOSE: To report morphological and functional long-term data of CACG eyes following a monolateral APAC attack and to provide a comparison with their fellow eyes DESIGN: Observational retrospective case series (Clinica Oculistica Universitaria, Ospedale Oftalmico, Turin) PARTICIPANTS: 57 consecutive patients (114 eyes) underwent long term follow-up analysis...
July 19, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717139/relationship-between-retinal-inner-nuclear-layer-thickness-and-severity-of-visual-field-loss-in-glaucoma
#20
Eun Kyoung Kim, Hae-Young Lopilly Park, Chan Kee Park
Glaucoma is a disease characterized by pathologic changes in inner retinal layers, which are comprised of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). As retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) cross over other retinal neurons that are connected by synapses, it is meaningful to investigate the outer retinal changes in glaucoma. We evaluated the association between thicknesses of segmented retinal layers in macular region and severity of visual field loss in open-angle glaucoma (OAG). This study involved 103 glaucomatous eyes. Retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), inner nuclear layer (INL), outer plexiform layer (OPL), and outer nuclear layer (ONL) thicknesses were measured at the macular level using the Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography with segmentation software...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
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