keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Theory of mind

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433857/the-relationship-between-joint-attention-and-theory-of-mind-in-neurotypical-adults
#1
Jordan A Shaw, Lauren K Bryant, Bertram F Malle, Daniel J Povinelli, John R Pruett
Joint attention (JA) is hypothesized to have a close relationship with developing theory of mind (ToM) capabilities. We tested the co-occurrence of ToM and JA in social interactions between adults with no reported history of psychiatric illness or neurodevelopmental disorders. Participants engaged in an experimental task that encouraged nonverbal communication, including JA, and also ToM activity. We adapted an in-lab variant of experience sampling methods (Bryant et al., 2013) to measure ToM during JA based on participants' subjective reports of their thoughts while performing the task...
April 20, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427031/executive-function-depletion-in-children-and-its-impact-on-theory-of-mind
#2
Lindsey J Powell, Susan Carey
The current studies provide an experimental, rather than correlational, method for testing hypotheses about the role of executive function (EF) in conceptual development. Previous research has established that adults' tendency to deploy EF can be temporarily diminished by use. Exercising self-control in one context decreases adults' performance on other EF demanding tasks immediately thereafter. Using two different depletion methods, Experiments 1 and 3 extend this finding to preschool-aged children. Experiments 2 and 4 make use of these EF depletion methods to elucidate the role of EF in children's theory of mind reasoning...
April 17, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425745/when-good-is-stickier-than-bad-understanding-gain-loss-asymmetries-in-sequential-framing-effects
#3
Jehan Sparks, Alison Ledgerwood
Considerable research has demonstrated the power of the current positive or negative frame to shape people's current judgments. But humans must often learn about positive and negative information as they encounter that information sequentially over time. It is therefore crucial to consider the potential importance of sequencing when developing an understanding of how humans think about valenced information. Indeed, recent work looking at sequentially encountered frames suggests that some frames can linger outside the context in which they are first encountered, sticking in the mind so that subsequent frames have a muted effect...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425058/finding-the-traces-of-behavioral-and-cognitive-processes-in-big-data-and-naturally-occurring-datasets
#4
Alexandra Paxton, Thomas L Griffiths
Today, people generate and store more data than ever before as they interact with both real and virtual environments. These digital traces of behavior and cognition offer cognitive scientists and psychologists an unprecedented opportunity to test theories outside the laboratory. Despite general excitement about big data and naturally occurring datasets among researchers, three "gaps" stand in the way of their wider adoption in theory-driven research: the imagination gap, the skills gap, and the culture gap...
April 19, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425022/social-motor-synchronization-insights-for-understanding-social-behavior-in-autism
#5
Paula Fitzpatrick, Veronica Romero, Joseph L Amaral, Amie Duncan, Holly Barnard, Michael J Richardson, R C Schmidt
Impairments in social interaction and communication are critical features of ASD but the underlying processes are poorly understood. An under-explored area is the social motor synchronization that happens when we coordinate our bodies with others. Here, we explored the relationships between dynamical measures of social motor synchronization and assessments of ASD traits. We found (a) spontaneous social motor synchronization was associated with responding to joint attention, cooperation, and theory of mind while intentional social motor synchronization was associated with initiating joint attention and theory of mind; and (b) social motor synchronization was associated with ASD severity but not fully explained by motor problems...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424389/-brodmann-areas-8-and-9-including-the-frontal-eye-field
#6
Masataka Watanabe
Based on cytoarchitectonic analyses, Brodmann assigned numbers 8 and 9 to certain areas of the dorsal and medial prefrontal cortex (PFC) in humans and monkeys. Petrides and Pandya re-analyzed the cytoarchitectures of the human and monkey PFCs, and proposed slightly different brain maps for both species. They assigned numbers 8, 9 and 9/46 to the areas that were originally named areas 8 and 9. Areas 8 and 9 have both lateral and medial regions respectively. The lateral area 8 is important for conditional discrimination learning...
April 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421871/exploring-predictors-of-work-competence-in-schizophrenia-the-role-of-theory-of-mind
#7
Margherita Bechi, Marco Spangaro, Alessandro Pigoni, Elena Ripamonti, Mariachiara Buonocore, Federica Cocchi, Laura Bianchi, Carmelo Guglielmino, Antonella Rita Mastromatteo, Roberto Cavallaro, Marta Bosia
In schizophrenia employment rate is dramatically low, also among patients receiving job support interventions. Recent studies showed a direct relationship between neurocognitive deficits and work functioning, as well as proving the benefits of combined neurocognitive and work interventions. Current evidence also supports a role of Theory of Mind (ToM), on work functioning. However, the effect of integrated rehabilitation programmes including a social cognitive training on job outcome is still less explored...
April 19, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413687/what-we-have-changed-our-minds-about-part-1-borderline-personality-disorder-as-a-limitation-of-resilience
#8
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
This paper sets out a recent transition in our thinking in relation to psychopathology associated with personality disorder, in an approach that integrates our thinking about attachment, mentalizing (understanding ourselves and others in terms of intentional mental states) and epistemic trust (openness to the reception of social communication that is personally relevant and of generalizable significance) with recent findings on the structure of both adult and child psychopathology and resilience. In this paper - the first of two parts - we review evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or p factor underlies vulnerability for psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412510/empathy-networks-in-the-parental-brain-and-their-long-term-effects-on-children-s-stress-reactivity-and-behavior-adaptation
#9
Eyal Abraham, Gal Raz, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman
Parental empathy is a key component of sensitive parenting that supports children's social adaptation throughout life. Consistent with a two dissociable network perspective on empathy, we measured within- and between-network integrity of two empathy-related networks in the parental brain as predictors of children's social outcomes across the first six years of life. We focused on two empathy networks; embodied simulation, which supports parents' capacity to resonate with infant state and emotions and implicates cingulo-insulary structures, and mentalizing, which underpins parents' theory-of-mind and mental attributions via prefrontal-temporo-parietal circuit...
April 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407556/functional-network-based-statistics-in-depression-theory-of-mind-subnetwork-and-importance-of-parietal-region
#10
Chien-Han Lai, Yu-Te Wu, Yuh-Ming Hou
OBJECTIVE: The functional network analysis of whole brain is an emerging field for research in depression. We initiated this study to investigate which subnetwork is significantly altered within the functional connectome in major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: The study enrolled 52 first-episode medication-naïve patients with MDD and 40 controls for functional network analysis. All participants received the resting-state functional imaging using a 3-Tesla magnetic resonance scanner...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407202/altered-white-matter-integrity-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-an-iq-100-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#11
K Nickel, L Tebartz van Elst, E Perlov, D Endres, G T Müller, A Riedel, T Fangmeier, S Maier
OBJECTIVE: White matter (WM) alterations have been reported in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In particular, impaired connectivity of limbic structures may be related to social deficits. Heterogeneous findings could be explained in terms of differences in sample characteristics and methodology. In this context, non-syndromic forms might differ substantially in WM structure from secondary ASD forms. METHOD: In an attempt to recruit a homogeneous study sample, we included adults with high-functioning ASD and an IQ > 100 to decrease the influence of syndromic forms being often associated with cognitive deficits...
April 13, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406869/concept-communication-and-interpretation-of-illness-a-holistic-model-of-understanding-in-nursing-practice
#12
Halvor Nordby
To ensure patient communication in nursing, certain conditions must be met that enable successful exchange of beliefs, thoughts, and other mental states. The conditions that have received most attention in the nursing literature are derived from general communication theories, psychology, and ethical frameworks of interpretation. This article focuses on a condition more directly related to an influential coherence model of concept possession from recent philosophy of mind and language. The basic ideas in this model are (i) that the primary source of understanding of illness experiences is communicative acts that express concepts of illness, and (ii) that the key to understanding patients' concepts of illness is to understand how they depend on patients' lifeworlds...
May 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406663/neuropsychological-correlates-of-theory-of-mind-deficits-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Simona Raimo, Luigi Trojano, Simona Pappacena, Raffaella Alaia, Daniele Spitaleri, Dario Grossi, Gabriella Santangelo
BACKGROUND: Theory of mind (ToM) is the ability to understand and interpret another person's beliefs, intentions (cognitive ToM) and emotions (affective ToM). OBJECTIVE: To explore affective and cognitive ToM and their neuropsychological correlates in patients affected by multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIAL AND METHOD: Forty MS patients and 40 matched control individuals underwent tasks assessing cognitive (the ToM Pictures Sequencing Task and the Advanced Test of ToM) and affective ToM (the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Task and the Emotion Attribution Task), in both verbal and nonverbal modality, a comprehensive neuropsychological battery, and questionnaires for behavioral disorders...
April 13, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404229/-we-don-t-know-we-ve-never-had-anybody-like-you-before-barriers-to-perinatal-care-for-women-with-physical-disabilities
#14
Lesley A Tarasoff
BACKGROUND: While more women with physical disabilities are becoming mothers, many encounter barriers to perinatal care and experience poor outcomes. Little is known about the perinatal care experiences and outcomes of women with physical disabilities in Canada. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study sought to understand the perinatal care experiences and outcomes of women with physical disabilities in one Canadian province, with an emphasis on identifying barriers to care...
April 5, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402137/managing-meanings-of-embodied-experiences-theory-toward-a-discursive-understanding-of-becoming-healthier
#15
Kimberly Field-Springer, Katie Margavio Striley
We advance a new theoretical approach for interpreting health communication from an embodied, intersubjective perspective. We propose individuals experience the world as bodied beings and must make sense of their embodied experiences by managing meanings of who they are in the world (being), the actions they perform (doing), and who they want to become (directed becoming). We call this theory managing meanings of embodied experiences (MMEE). Guided by the philosophies of phenomenology, pragmatism, and feminism, we provide a three-fold framework for exploring individuals' management of health meanings during interactions with others in society...
April 12, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402046/social-cognition-and-the-course-of-social-functioning-in-first-episode-psychosis
#16
Cindy B Woolverton, Emily K Bell, Aubrey M Moe, Patricia Harrison-Monroe, Nicholas J K Breitborde
BACKGROUND: Social functioning deficits greatly affect individuals with psychotic disorders resulting in decreased ability to maintain relationships, jobs and pursuit of educational goals. Deficits in social cognition have been hypothesized to be an important contributor to these deficits in social functioning. In particular, 5 domains of social cognition have been suggested to be relevant in the study of psychotic disorders: (1) attributional style, (2) emotion recognition, (3) social knowledge, (4) social perception and (5) theory of mind...
April 12, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399153/disinhibition-of-negative-true-self-for-identity-reconstructions-in-cyberspace-advancing-self-discrepancy-theory-for-virtual-setting
#17
Chuan Hu, Sameer Kumar, Jiao Huang, Kurunathan Ratnavelu
In face-to-face communications, to avoid sanctions and disapproval from others, people are more likely to hide negative aspects of their true self (such as socially undesirable personalities, minds, beliefs and consciousness) to avoid conflict with social norms and laws. The anonymity of cyberspace provides people a unique environment to behave more freely and openly with less restraint from the real word. Existing research related to online true self expression has mainly explored true self as an independent aspect of self...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398578/social-anxiety-disorder-exhibit-impaired-networks-involved-in-self-and-theory-of-mind-processing
#18
Qian Cui, Eric J Vanman, Zhiliang Long, Yajing Pang, Yuyan Chen, Yifeng Wang, Qiyong Gong, Wei Zhang, Heng Chen, Xujun Duan, Huafu Chen
Most previous studies regarding social anxiety disorder (SAD) have focused on the role of emotional dysfunction, while impairments in self- and theory of mind (ToM)-processing have been relatively neglected. The present study utilised functional connectivity density (FCD), resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC), and discriminant analyses to investigate impairments in self- and ToM-related networks in patients with SAD. Patients with SAD exhibited decreased long-range FCD in the right rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) and decreased short-range FCD in the right superior temporal gyrus (STG)-key nodes involved in self- and ToM-processing, respectively...
April 7, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393745/correlation-of-reduced-social-communicational-and-interactional-skills-with-regional-grey-matter-volumes-in-schizophrenia-patients
#19
Miho Ota, Junko Matsuo, Noriko Sato, Toshiya Teraishi, Hiroaki Hori, Kotaro Hattori, Yoko Kamio, Hiroshi Kunugi
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have detected similarities between autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia. We investigated structural abnormalities associated with autistic-like traits in patients with schizophrenia by voxel-based morphometry. METHODS: Patients with schizophrenia and healthy subjects were evaluated by the adult version of the social responsiveness scale (SRS-A), which is sensitive to autistic traits and symptoms even under subthreshold conditions, and magnetic resonance imaging...
April 10, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392697/comparing-the-ability-of-cognitive-and-affective-theory-of-mind-in-adolescent-onset-schizophrenia
#20
Dandan Li, Xiaosi Li, Fengqiong Yu, Xingui Chen, Long Zhang, Dan Li, Qiang Wei, Qing Zhang, Chunyan Zhu, Kai Wang
BACKGROUND: Evidence in the literature suggests that there is an impairment of social cognition in schizophrenia. Theory of Mind (ToM) is defined as one's ability to understand others' wishes, beliefs, intentions, and other psychological states and thereby to judge others' behavior, as an essential component of social cognition. However, there have been limited studies on social cognition, especially ToM in adolescent onset schizophrenia (AOS). The current study aims to investigate ToM abilities in adolescent schizophrenia according to various ToM subcomponents (cognitive ToM and affective ToM) and various ToM orders (first order and second order)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
keyword
keyword
10050
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"