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Hyogo disaster

Yoshihiro Fujimori, Yoshihiro Bouike, Kenneth Nollet, Hitoshi Miki
On January 17, 1995, a magnitude 7.3 earthquake occurred in southern Hyogo Prefecture, a substantially urban area of Japan's main island, Honshu. Now known as the Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, this disaster damaged or destroyed 639 686 houses and took 6434 lives. Within the disaster area, the Japanese Red Cross (JRC) Hyogo Blood Center had regional responsibilities for collecting, testing, processing, storing, and distributing blood components, including red blood cells (RBCs), fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and platelet concentrates (PLTs)...
October 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Olushayo Olu, Abdulmumini Usman, Lucien Manga, Stella Anyangwe, Kalula Kalambay, Ngoy Nsenga, Solomon Woldetsadik, Craig Hampton, Francois Nguessan, Angela Benson
BACKGROUND: In November 2012, the 62nd session of the Regional Committee for Africa adopted a comprehensive 10-year regional strategy for health disaster risk management (DRM). This was intended to operationalize the World Health Organization's core commitments to health DRM and the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 in the health sectors of the 47 African member states. This study reported the formative evaluation of the strategy, including evaluation of the progress in achieving nine targets (expected to be achieved incrementally by 2014, 2017, and 2022)...
August 2, 2016: BMC Public Health
Kenzo Takahashi, Mitsuya Kodama, Ernesto R Gregorio, Sachi Tomokawa, Takashi Asakura, Jitra Waikagul, Jun Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: The Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction recommended the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, which aims to achieve substantial risk reduction and to avoid various disaster-associated losses, including human lives and livelihoods, based on the lessons from the implementation of the Hyogo framework. However, the recommendations did not lay enough stress on the school and the Safe School Concept, which are the core components of a disaster response...
2015: Global Health Action
Amina Aitsi-Selmi, Virginia Murray
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) 2015-2030 is the first of three United Nations (UN) landmark agreements this year (the other two being the Sustainable Development Goals due in September 2015 and the climate change agreements due in December 2015). It represents a step in the direction of global policy coherence with explicit reference to health, economic development, and climate change. The multiple efforts of the health community in the policy development process, including campaigning for safe schools and hospitals, helped to put people's mental and physical health, resilience, and well-being higher up the DRR agenda compared with its predecessor, the 2005 Hyogo Framework for Action...
February 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Julie Calkins
BACKGROUND: Following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami event, the global community adopted the UN Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) for Disaster Risk Reduction 2005-2015, which set out priorities to help countries achieve disaster resilience by encouraging the establishment of national platforms and strengthening disaster governance. In March 2015, UN member states adopted the successor to HFA, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: 2015-2030 (SFDRR). The SFDRR recognises the cross-cutting nature of DRR policy and calls on stakeholders to help governments...
2015: PLoS Currents
Misa Takegami, Yoshihiro Miyamoto, Satoshi Yasuda, Michikazu Nakai, Kunihiro Nishimura, Hisao Ogawa, Ken-Ichi Hirata, Ryuji Toh, Yoshihiro Morino, Motoyuki Nakamura, Yasuchika Takeishi, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Hiroaki Naito
BACKGROUND: Large earthquakes have been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. In Japan, the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji (H-A) Earthquake was an urban-underground-type earthquake, whereas the 2011 Great East Japan (GEJ) Earthquake was an ocean-trench type. In the present study, we examined how these different earthquake types affected CVD mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined death certificate data from 2008 to 2012 for 131 municipalities in Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima prefectures (n=320,348) and from 1992 to 1996 for 220 municipalities in Hyogo, Osaka, and Kyoto prefectures (n=592,670)...
2015: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Shinichi Egawa, Anthony G MacIntyre, Charles W Beadling, John T Walsh, Osamu Shimomura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Frederick M Burkle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
James J James
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Frederick M Burkle, Shinichi Egawa, Anthony G MacIntyre, Yasuhiro Otomo, Charles W Beadling, John T Walsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Tomoko Inoue, Atsunori Nakao, Kazutoshi Kuboyama, Atsunori Hashimoto, Motomaru Masutani, Takahiro Ueda, Joji Kotani
On March 11, 2011, a 9.1 magnitude earthquake occurred in the eastern Pacific Ocean off the coast of northern Japan. A resulting tsunami struck the Japan Pacific coast, causing >20,000 deaths, injuries and missing persons. Survivors' post-tsunami health and nutritional status were surveyed one month after the disaster in a school shelter in Ishinomaki City. Hyogo College of Medicine's disaster relief team observations and survivors' questionnaires were used to assess the disaster's effects on survivors' lifestyles and gastrointestinal symptoms while residing in temporary shelters...
June 2014: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Motoki Usuzawa, Elizabeth O Telan, Razel Kawano, Carmela S Dizon, Bachti Alisjahbana, Yugo Ashino, Shinichi Egawa, Manabu Fukumoto, Takako Izumi, Yuichi Ono, Toshio Hattori
As the impacts of natural disasters have grown more severe, the importance of education for disaster medicine gains greater recognition. We launched a project to establish an international educational program for disaster medicine. In the present study, we surveyed medical personnel and medical/public health students in the Philippines (n = 45) and Indonesia (n = 67) for their awareness of the international frameworks related to disaster medicine: the Human Security (securing individual life and health), the Sphere Project (international humanitarian response), and the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 (international strategy for disaster reduction)...
May 2014: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Takahiro Ueda, Michiko Aoyama-Ishikawa, Atsunori Nakao, Taihei Yamada, Makoto Usami, Joji Kotani
BACKGROUND: The assessment of critically ill patients is often a challenge for clinicians. There are a number of scoring systems such as Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and C-reactive protein test (CRP), which have been shown to correlate with outcome in a variety of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. Therefore, use of repeated measures of these preexisting scores over time is a reasonable attempt to assess the severity of organ dysfunction and predict outcome in critically ill patients...
March 2014: Medical Hypotheses
Derek Licina
Disaster preparedness is a comparative advantage of the Department of Defense (DoD) in the global health arena. It is in line with the domestic interest of sustaining foreign natural disaster assistance and the foreign policy interest of maintaining national security. The DoD humanitarian assistance policy guidance published in 2009 states Disaster Preparedness should be considered as a key priority in humanitarian assistance engagement. Unfortunately, a whole of government disaster preparedness program framework does not exist to facilitate effective and efficient implementation...
November 2011: Military Medicine
Lynda Redwood-Campbell, Jonathan Abrahams
INTRODUCTION: The 2009 Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction/Emergency Preparedness (DRR/EP) and the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 demonstrate increased international commitment to DRR/EP in addition to response and recovery. In addition, the World Health Report 2008 has re-focused the world's attention on the renewal of Primary Health Care (PHC) as a set of values/principles for all sectors. Evidence suggests that access to comprehensive PHC improves health outcomes and an integrated PHC approach may improve health in low income countries (LICs)...
June 2011: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Satoko Mitani, Etsuko Ozaki, Naohisa Fujita, Tsukuru Hashimoto, Isao Mori, Takeshi Fukuyama, Takefumi Akatsuka, Takashi Nishi, Sachiko Morishita, Sinichi Nomoto, Yoshiyuki Watanabe
INTRODUCTION: When countermeasures are taken against an avian influenza (AI) pandemic in a hospital, it is essential to know the potential number of staff who would choose to be absent. The purpose of this study was to clarify how many medical staff would be willing to work during a pandemic, and requirements to secure adequate human resources. METHODS: From September to December 2008, a total of 3,152 questionnaires were sent to five private hospitals and one public hospital, which represent the core hospitals in the regions of Kyoto, Osaka, and Hyogo Prefectures...
February 2011: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Gail Reed
The year 2005 was a watershed for disaster management worldwide and also in Cuba. Representatives of every continent met in Japan, hammering out the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005-2015), an international blueprint for risk reduction strategies and a guide for developing national platforms. In Cuba, a spate of devastating hurricanes the year before led to a reassessment of how the country was managing disasters, and to the 2005 comprehensive overhaul of national, provincial, and municipal disaster planning...
July 2008: MEDICC Review
M Nozawa, T Watanabe, N Katada, H Minami, A Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: When residents are confronted with disaster, it is often difficult for them to realize the danger and take protective action. In 2004, an evacuation advisory alert was issued on the approach of the season's 23rd typhoon in Japan, but only 5.1% of the residents actually evacuated. Therefore, we felt it necessary to elucidate the awareness and behaviours of residents during the period. AIMS: To clarify the awareness, behaviour and related factors of residents who were issued an evacuation advisory alert for the 2004 season's 23rd typhoon...
March 2008: International Nursing Review
Michio Takaoka, Gorou Asano, Hiroyuki Takao, Yukihiro Shintani, Toshikazu Hashimoto, Tetsuo Ikumi, Michiyuki Suzu, Kenji Tanaka, Tomokazu Asada, Arisa Maruyama, Masashi Tsunoda
OBJECTIVES: To examine and describe the reactions of Amagasaki City Health Center to the train derailment accident that occurred on April 25th, 2005 on the Japan Railway (JR) Fukuchiyama Line in order to provide useful information for health centers to help them deal with such catastrophic disasters in the future. METHODS: Each day after the accident reactions and actions were examined and described. They included mental health care provided by the health center for the inhabitants of the condominium building into which the derailed train had crashed, as well as the volunteers who participated in the rescue work...
May 2007: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
Siambabala Bernard Manyena
The intimate connections between disaster recovery by and the resilience of affected communities have become common features of disaster risk reduction programmes since the adoption of The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015. Increasing attention is now paid to the capacity of disaster-affected communities to 'bounce back' or to recover with little or no external assistance following a disaster. This highlights the need for a change in the disaster risk reduction work culture, with stronger emphasis being put on resilience rather than just need or vulnerability...
December 2006: Disasters
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