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Household disaster preparedness

Kirrilly Thompson, Joshua Trigg, Bradley Smith
CONTEXT: Few studies have examined the prevalence of animal ownership among populations likely to be at greater risk from disaster events within a bushfire context. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the proportion of vulnerable community members keeping animals and the types of animals kept, as well as perceived risk of harm to pets, and their inclusion in bushfire survival planning. DESIGN: Statewide anonymous online survey in 2014 of adult South Australian animal owners threatened by bushfire in January 2014...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Jennifer M Kreslake, Yunita Wahyuningrum, Angela D Iuliano, Aaron D Storms, Kathryn E Lafond, Amalya Mangiri, Catharina Y Praptiningsih, Basil Safi, Timothy M Uyeki, J Douglas Storey
BACKGROUND: Indonesia has the highest human mortality from highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A (H5N1) virus infection in the world. METHODS: A survey of households (N=2520) measured treatment sources and beliefs among symptomatic household members. A survey of physicians (N=554) in various types of health care facilities measured knowledge, assessment and testing behaviors, and perceived clinical capacity. RESULTS: Households reported confidence in health care system capacity but infrequently sought treatment for potential HPAI H5N1 signs/symptoms...
June 14, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Katie R Kirsch, Bonnie A Feldt, David F Zane, Tracy Haywood, Russell W Jones, Jennifer A Horney
On September 4, 2011, a wildfire ignited in Bastrop County, Texas, resulting in losses of 34,068 acres of land and 1,645 homes and 2 deaths. At the request of the Texas Department of State Health Services Health Service Region 7 and the Bastrop County Office of Emergency Management, Community Assessments for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) were conducted in the weeks following the wildfire and again 3.5 years later to assess both the immediate and long-term public health and preparedness impacts of the wildfire...
March 2016: Health Security
Tara N Heagele
We reviewed the available evidence in support of the effectiveness of disaster supply kits presently used in household emergency preparedness in the United States. The expectation that people should take responsibility for their own disaster preparedness has largely not taken into account contextual influences on disaster preparedness. The efficiency of current disaster supply kits used during critical postdisaster periods has not been empirically tested. Professional recommendations regarding the composition of disaster supply kits containing at least water, food, first aid, hygiene, and clothing have not been universally defined...
June 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Ali Ardalan, Sanaz Sohrabizadeh
INTRODUCTION: Iran is placed among countries suffering from the highest number of earthquake casualties. Household preparedness, as one component of risk reduction efforts, is often supported in quake-prone areas. In Iran, lack of a valid and reliable household preparedness tool was reported by previous disaster studies. This study is aimed to fill this gap by developing a valid and reliable tool for assessing household preparedness in the event of an earthquake. METHODS:  This survey was conducted through three phases including literature review and focus group discussions with the participation of eight key informants, validity measurements and reliability measurements...
2016: PLoS Currents
Katie M Kurkjian, Michelle Winz, Jun Yang, Kate Corvese, Ana Colón, Seth J Levine, Jessica Mullen, Donna Ruth, Rexford Anson-Dwamena, Tesfaye Bayleyegn, David S Chang
OBJECTIVE: For the past decade, emergency preparedness campaigns have encouraged households to meet preparedness metrics, such as having a household evacuation plan and emergency supplies of food, water, and medication. To estimate current household preparedness levels and to enhance disaster response planning, the Virginia Department of Health with remote technical assistance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted a community health assessment in 2013 in Portsmouth, Virginia...
April 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Mehdi Najafi, Ali Ardalan, Ali Akbarisari, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Hossain Jabbari
BACKGROUND: Tehran is vulnerable to natural hazards, especially earthquakes. Disaster preparedness behaviors (DPB) are measures that can mitigate the adverse consequences of disasters. Demographic factors affect DPB, however, the role of some of these factors is not still clear. By understanding these effects, disaster specialists could design interventions toward specific demographics. In the present study, we aimed to investigate demographic determinants of DPB. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in August 2014...
2015: PLoS Currents
Noel Espallardo, Lester Sam Geroy, Raul Villanueva, Roy Gavino, Lucille Angela Nievera, Julie Lyn Hall
INTRODUCTION: This paper provides a snapshot of the health-care costs, out-of-pocket expenditures and available safety nets post-Typhoon Haiyan. METHODS: This descriptive study used a survey and document review to report direct and indirect health-care costs and existing financial protection mechanisms used by households in two municipalities in the Philippines at one week and at seven months post-Haiyan. RESULTS: Reported out-of-pocket health-care expenses were high immediately after the disaster and increased after seven months...
October 2015: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
Ensiyeh Jamshidi, Reza Majdzadeh, Maryam Saberi Namin, Ali Ardalan, Behdad Majdzadeh, Elham Seydali
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based participatory intervention on earthquake preparedness in Tehran. METHODS: This community-engaged research was conducted during 2011 to 2013. An intervention and a control neighborhood were chosen through systematic cluster sampling. In the intervention group 305 households and in the control group 314 households were sampled for pre- and post-assessment surveys. A participatory intervention was designed on the basis of consultation with the community advisory board and was implemented by trained volunteers...
April 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Leslie Meyer, Kristina Vatcheva, Stephanie Castellanos, Belinda Reininger
A medical special needs (MSN) assessment was conducted among 3088 respondents in a hurricane prone area. The sample was female (51.7%), Hispanic (92.9%), aged >45 years (51%), not insured for health (59.2%), and with an MSN (33.2%). Barriers to preparedness were characterized for all households, including those with inhabitants reporting MSN ranging from level 0 (mild) to level 4 (most severe). Multivariable logistic regression tested associations between hurricane preparedness and barriers to evacuation by level of MSN...
2015: Frontiers in Public Health
Tracy N Thomas, Michelle Leander-Griffith, Victoria Harp, Joan P Cioffi
In response to concern about strengthening the nation's ability to protect its population and way of life (i.e., security) and ability to adapt and recover from emergencies (i.e., resilience), the President of the United States issued Presidential Policy Directive 8: National Preparedness (PPD-8) (1). Signed on March 30, 2011, PPD-8 is a directive for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to coordinate a comprehensive campaign across government, private and nonprofit sectors, and individuals to build and sustain national preparedness...
2015: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Kathleen R Attfield, Christine B Dobson, Jennifer B Henn, Meileen Acosta, Svetlana Smorodinsky, Jason A Wilken, Tracy Barreau, Merritt Schreiber, Gayle C Windham, Barbara L Materna, Rachel Roisman
On August 24, 2014, at 3:20 a.m., a magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck California, with its epicenter in Napa County (1). The earthquake was the largest to affect the San Francisco Bay area in 25 years and caused significant damage in Napa and Solano counties, including widespread power outages, five residential fires, and damage to roadways, waterlines, and 1,600 buildings (2). Two deaths resulted (2). On August 25, Napa County Public Health asked the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) for assistance in assessing postdisaster health effects, including earthquake-related injuries and effects on mental health...
2015: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Summer D DeBastiani, Tara W Strine, Sara J Vagi, Daniel J Barnett, Emily B Kahn
Our objective was to inform state and community interventions focused on increasing household preparedness by examining the association between self-reported possession of household disaster preparedness items (ie, a 3-day supply of food and water, a written evacuation plan, and a working radio and flashlight) and perceptions of household preparedness on a 3-point scale from "well prepared" to "not at all prepared." Data were analyzed from 14 states participating in a large state-based telephone survey: the 2006-2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) (n = 104,654)...
September 2015: Health Security
Abdul-Akeem Sadiq, John D Graham
There is an extensive body of research on the determinants of disaster preparedness at the individual and household levels. The same cannot be said for the organizational level. Hence, the purpose of this study is to shed light on the predictors of organizational preparedness for natural disasters. Since leaders of organizations have an incentive to overstate their level of preparedness and because surveys of organizational leaders suffer from selection bias and low response rates, we take the novel approach of interviewing employees about the organizations that employ them...
May 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
Tesfaye M Bayleyegn, Amy H Schnall, Shimere G Ballou, David F Zane, Sherry L Burrer, Rebecca S Noe, Amy F Wolkin
INTRODUCTION: Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) is an epidemiologic technique designed to provide quick, inexpensive, accurate, and reliable household-based public health information about a community's emergency response needs. The Health Studies Branch at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides in-field assistance and technical support to state, local, tribal, and territorial (SLTT) health departments in conducting CASPERs during a disaster response and in non-emergency settings...
August 2015: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Devon L Golem, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
UNLABELLED: Introduction Limited food supply paired with reduced access to food during emergency disasters can lead to malnutrition. To date, research evaluating the adequacy of household emergency food supplies relies on self-reported data from surveys and has not been measured objectively in households in the United States. The main objective of this study was to describe household calorie availability and nutrient density in a normal situation and to project changes that could occur when emergencies (eg, natural disasters) restrict replenishment of food supplies and disrupt water and/or energy needed for food preparation and storage...
August 2015: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Lisa M Gargano, Kimberly Caramanica, Sarah Sisco, Robert M Brackbill, Steven D Stellman
OBJECTIVE: In a population with prior exposure to the World Trade Center disaster, this study sought to determine the subsequent level of preparedness for a new disaster and how preparedness varied with population characteristics that are both disaster-related and non-disaster-related. METHODS: The sample included 4496 World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees who completed the Wave 3 (2011-2012) and Hurricane Sandy (2013) surveys. Participants were considered prepared if they reported possessing at least 7 of 8 standard preparedness items...
December 2015: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Kevin R Ronan, Eva Alisic, Briony Towers, Victoria A Johnson, David M Johnston
Preparedness for disasters is universally low; children and families are particularly vulnerable groups. Against this backdrop, research on disaster preparedness for children and families is reviewed, with a focus on disaster preparedness and prevention education programs. Following definitions and theory/rationale, research is critically analyzed. While findings indicate a large growth in research in the past 15 years and largely positive findings, significant challenges remain. These challenges include issues related to methodological rigor, long-term effectiveness, and implementation...
July 2015: Current Psychiatry Reports
Erin E Epson, Yenlik A Zheteyeva, Jeanette J Rainey, Hongjiang Gao, Jianrong Shi, Amra Uzicanin, Lisa Miller
OBJECTIVE: From January 29 through February 5, 2013, a school district outside metropolitan Denver, Colorado, was closed because of absenteeism related to influenza-like illness (ILI) among students and staff. We evaluated the consequences and acceptability of the closure among affected households. METHODS: We conducted a household survey regarding parent or guardian employment and income interruptions, alternative child care arrangements, interruption of noneducational school services, ILI symptoms, student re-congregation, and communication preferences during the closure...
February 2015: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Mary P Mercer, Benedict Ancock, Joel T Levis, Vivian Reyes
INTRODUCTION: During major disasters, hospitals experience varied levels of absenteeism among healthcare workers (HCWs) in the immediate response period. Loss of critical hospital personnel, including Emergency Department (ED) staff, during this time can negatively impact a facility's ability to effectively treat large numbers of ill and injured patients. Prior studies have examined factors contributing to HCW ability and willingness to report for duty during a disaster. The purpose of this study was to determine if the degree of readiness of ED personnel, as measured by household preparedness, is associated with predicted likelihood of reporting for duty...
2014: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
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