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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703209/catastrophic-healthcare-expenditure-and-impoverishment-in-tropical-deltas-evidence-from-the-mekong-delta-region
#1
Sayem Ahmed, Sylvia Szabo, Kristine Nilsen
BACKGROUND: Universal health coverage implies that people obtain the health services they need without experiencing financial hardship. While the factors contributing to catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) among households are well understood, few studies have examined this relationship in the context of environmentally vulnerable regions, such as tropical deltas. This study aims to examine the disparities in the prevalence of CHE and impoverishment due to out-of-pocket (OOP) healthcare payments in the Mekong Delta in comparison with rest of Vietnam...
April 27, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588873/community-s-emergency-preparedness-for-flood-hazards-in-dire-dawa-town-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#2
Luche Tadesse Ejeta
Background: Emergency preparedness at all levels (individuals and communities) is the corner stone of effective response to the increasing trends of global disasters due to man-made and natural hazards. It is determined by different factors, including (among others) past direct and indirect exposures to hazards. This study was carried out in Dire Dawa town, Ethiopia, which in the past experienced frequent flooding events, yet dearth of information exists about preparedness in the area...
February 21, 2018: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559022/post-flood-rapid-needs-assessment-in-srinagar-city-jammu-and-kashmir-state-india-september-2014
#3
Rajesh Yadav, Dundaiah Somashekar, Samir V Sodha, Kayla F Laserson, Srinivasa Venkatesh, Himanshu Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: Torrential rainfall and flooding from September 2-6, 2014 submerged >350 villages in Jammu and Kashmir state. We conducted rapid needs assessment in capital Srinagar from 27 September to 1 October to assess population health and safety needs. METHODS: Based on Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) methodology, we selected 7 households each from 30 census blocks using 2-stage cluster sampling. We collected information on demographics, needs, and illnesses using structured questionnaire...
March 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178814/natural-hazards-preparedness-in-taiwan-a-comparison-between-households-with-and-without-disabled-members
#4
Ziqiang Han, Hong Wang, Qingyue Du, Yongyi Zeng
People with disabilities are one of the most vulnerable groups to natural hazards. Preparedness is critical to protect life and reduce disaster impact. This article discusses the knowledge of the disaster preparedness behaviors of people with disabilities using updated, representative data from Taiwan (2013 Taiwan Social Change Survey), with a comparison to households without disabled members. The adoption of 6 preparedness activities-relocating vehicles or valuable things to a safer place, purchasing insurance, securing furniture, preparing an emergency kit, planning evacuation, and participating in drills-are used separately as dependent variables...
November 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039291/asset-literacy-following-stroke-implications-for-disaster-resilience
#5
Tracey L O'Sullivan, Christine Fahim, Elizabeth Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: The World Stroke Organization "1 in 6" campaign aims to raise awareness that 1 in 6 persons will experience a stroke during their lifetime. With aging populations and improved survival rates, an increased number of survivors live with functional limitations and require supportive care. This has important implications for implementing an all-of-society approach to disaster risk reduction. In this study, we explore the assets that stroke survivors and caregivers consider useful in supporting their capacity to manage routine activities and independent living and to respond to a disaster...
October 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851469/community-resilience-psychological-resilience-and-depressive-symptoms-an-examination-of-the-mississippi-gulf-coast-10-years-after-hurricane-katrina-and-5-years-after-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill
#6
Joohee Lee, Bret J Blackmon, David M Cochran, Bandana Kar, Timothy A Rehner, Mauri Stubbs Gunnell
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the role of community resilience and psychological resilience on depressive symptoms in areas on the Mississippi Gulf Coast that have experienced multiple disasters. METHODS: Survey administration took place in the spring of 2015 to a spatially stratified, random sample of households. This analysis included a total of 294 subjects who lived in 1 of the 3 counties of the Mississippi Gulf Coast at the time of both Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010...
August 30, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838329/using-an-education-intervention-to-increase-preparedness-among-pet-owners-results-of-a-pilot-study
#7
Lisa R Baker, Loretta A Cormier, Laura K Vogtle
OBJECTIVES: Households with pets are considered a high-risk population, presenting many challenges to response and recovery efforts. Research indicates that households with pets are less likely to evacuate during disasters, and pets left behind pose a health risk to relief workers and the general public. This pilot study explores a brief education intervention targeting households with pets as a method of increasing general household preparedness, with the purpose of facilitating evacuation and protective behaviors in this population...
August 25, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831946/long-term-recovery-from-hurricane-sandy-evidence-from-a-survey-in-new-york-city
#8
Elisaveta P Petkova, Jaishree Beedasy, Eun Jeong Oh, Jonathan J Sury, Erin M Sehnert, Wei-Yann Tsai, Michael J Reilly
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine a range of factors influencing the long-term recovery of New York City residents affected by Hurricane Sandy. METHODS: In a series of logistic regressions, we analyzed data from a survey of New York City residents to assess self-reported recovery status from Hurricane Sandy. RESULTS: General health, displacement from home, and household income had substantial influences on recovery. Individuals with excellent or fair health were more likely to have recovered than were individuals with poor health...
August 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771648/survey-of-hospital-employees-personal-preparedness-and-willingness-to-work-following-a-disaster
#9
Jane H Brice, David Gregg, Dalton Sawyer, Julianne M Cyr
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the personal readiness of hospital staff for disasters. As many as 30% of hospital staff say that they plan not to report for work during a large-scale disaster. We sought to understand the personal disaster preparedness for hospital staff. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to the staff of a large academic tertiary-care hospital by either a paper-based version distributed through the departmental safety coordinators or a Web-based version distributed through employee e-mail services, depending on employee familiarity with and access to computer services...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758601/application-of-a-theoretical-model-toward-understanding-continued-food-insecurity-post-hurricane-katrina
#10
Lauren A Clay, Mia A Papas, Kimberly Gill, David M Abramson
OBJECTIVE: Disaster recovery efforts focus on restoring basic needs to survivors, such as food, water, and shelter. However, long after the immediate recovery phase is over, some individuals will continue to experience unmet needs. Ongoing food insecurity has been identified as a post-disaster problem. There is a paucity of information regarding the factors that might place an individual at risk for continued food insecurity post disaster. METHODS: Using data from a sample (n=737) of households severely impacted by Hurricane Katrina, we estimated the associations between food insecurity and structural, physical and mental health, and psychosocial factors 5 years after Hurricane Katrina...
February 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748769/the-role-of-victimization-in-shaping-households-preparedness-for-armed-conflicts-in-israel
#11
Moran Bodas, Maya Siman-Tov, Shulamith Kreitler, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: One of the most prominent threats to the Israeli population is the risk from armed conflicts. Yet, promoting preparedness behavior proves to be highly difficult. Arguably, this is partially due to the chronic exposure of the Israeli public to this threat, a.k.a. "Victimization." The purpose of this study was to examine whether victimization plays a prominent role in shaping preparedness behavior toward armed conflicts in Israel. METHODS: An online survey of 502 participants representing the adult Jewish population in Israel was carried out...
February 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438227/characterization-of-carbon-monoxide-exposure-during-hurricane-sandy-and-subsequent-nor-easter
#12
Amy Schnall, Royal Law, Amy Heinzerling, Kanta Sircar, Scott Damon, Fuyuen Yip, Josh Schier, Tesfaye Bayleyegn, Amy Wolkin
OBJECTIVE: Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless gas produced by fossil fuel combustion. On October 29, 2012, Hurricane Sandy moved ashore near Atlantic City, New Jersey, causing widespread morbidity and mortality, $30 to $50 billion in economic damage, and 8.5 million households to be without power. The combination of power outages and unusually low temperatures led people to use alternate power sources, placing many at risk for CO exposure. METHODS: We examined Hurricane Sandy-related CO exposures from multiple perspectives to help identify risk factors and develop strategies to prevent future exposures...
October 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166176/applying-instructional-design-strategies-and-behavior-theory-to-household-disaster-preparedness-training
#13
Tracy N Thomas, Robyn K Sobelson, Corinne J Wigington, Alyson L Davis, Victoria H Harp, Michelle Leander-Griffith, Joan P Cioffi
CONTEXT: Interventions and media campaigns promoting household disaster preparedness have produced mixed results in affecting behaviors. In large part, this is due to the limited application of instructional design strategies and behavior theory, such as the Transtheoretical Model (TTM). This study describes the development and evaluation of Ready CDC, an intervention designed to increase household disaster preparedness among the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) workforce...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134062/salient-public-beliefs-underlying-disaster-preparedness-behaviors-a-theory-based-qualitative-study
#14
Mehdi Najafi, Ali Ardalan, Ali Akbarisari, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Helen Elmi
Introduction Given the increasing importance of disaster preparedness in Tehran, the capital of Iran, interventions encouraging disaster preparedness behavior (DPB) are needed. This study was conducted to show how an elicitation method can be used to identify salient consequences, referents, and circumstances about DPB and provide recommendations for interventions and quantitative research. METHOD: A theory-based qualitative study using a semi-structured elicitation questionnaire was conducted with 132 heads of households from 22 districts in Tehran, Iran...
April 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976602/-providing-a-roof-and-more-to-communities-affected-by-typhoon-haiyan-in-the-philippines-the-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-experience
#15
Engy Ali, Marie-Christine Ferir, Tony Reid, Henry Gray, Wilma Van Den Boogaard, Christopher Gonzales, Rony Zachariah
OBJECTIVES: Typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines in November 2013 and left a trail of destruction. As part of its emergency response, Médecins Sans Frontières distributed materials for reconstructing houses and boats as standardized kits to be shared between households. Community engagement was sought and communities were empowered in deciding how to make the distributions. We aimed to answer, Was this effective and what lessons were learned? METHODS: A cross-sectional survey using a semi-structured questionnaire was conducted in May 2014 and included all community leaders and 269 households in 22 barangays (community administrative areas)...
June 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927268/relationship-between-long-term-flooding-and-serious-mental-illness-after-the-2011-flood-in-thailand
#16
Takeshi Yoda, Katsunori Yokoyama, Hiromi Suzuki, Tomohiro Hirao
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the long-term psychological effects of the 2011 flood in Thailand on flood victims and unaffected residents, taking into account risk factors such as floodwater levels in the house, period of flooding, and disruption to essential services. METHODS: Surveys were conducted in Salaya and Nakhon Chaisri subdistrict, Nakhonpatom Province, from May to June 2012. Approximately 400 households were selected. Measures of sociodemographic variables, exposure to flooding, incidents (eg, disruption of services), and outcome variables (Kessler 10) were recorded...
June 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842614/social-factors-associated-with-psychological-distress-and-health-problems-among-elderly-members-of-a-disaster-affected-population-subgroup-analysis-of-a-1-year-post-disaster-survey-in-ishinomaki-area-japan
#17
Mariko Inoue, Kazue Yamaoka
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the influence of social factors, especially social support, on psychological distress and the prevalence of health problems (HPs) among victims living in their homes 14 to 21 months after the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami. METHODS: A subgroup analysis was performed for elderly participants of a cross-sectional household survey in Ishinomaki area, Japan. The prevalence of psychological HPs was assessed by using a psychological distress questionnaire (K6) and by recording the number of subjective HPs...
February 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814450/assessing-disaster-preparedness-and-mental-health-of-community-members-in-aceh-indonesia-a-community-based-descriptive-household-survey-of-a-national-program
#18
Nizam Ismail, Nawarat Suwannapong, Nopporn Howteerakul, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul, Suporn Apinuntavech
INTRODUCTON: Disaster preparedness of the community is an essential disaster-mitigation strategy to protect human life and to prevent injuries and property damage. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of disaster, and the disaster preparedness of community members in Aceh, Indonesia. METHODS: A community-based descriptive household survey was conducted in 40 villages of three tsunami-affected districts in Aceh State, Indonesia. In total, 827 randomly selected community members were interviewed with structured questionnaires during the period September-October 2014...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598703/animal-ownership-among-vulnerable-populations-in-regional-south-australia-implications-for-natural-disaster-preparedness-and-resilience
#19
Kirrilly Thompson, Joshua Trigg, Bradley Smith
CONTEXT: Few studies have examined the prevalence of animal ownership among populations likely to be at greater risk from disaster events within a bushfire context. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the proportion of vulnerable community members keeping animals and the types of animals kept, as well as perceived risk of harm to pets, and their inclusion in bushfire survival planning. DESIGN: Statewide anonymous online survey in 2014 of adult South Australian animal owners threatened by bushfire in January 2014...
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298195/the-intersection-of-care-seeking-and-clinical-capacity-for-patients-with-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-a-h5n1-virus-in-indonesia-knowledge-and-treatment-practices-of-the-public-and-physicians
#20
Jennifer M Kreslake, Yunita Wahyuningrum, Angela D Iuliano, Aaron D Storms, Kathryn E Lafond, Amalya Mangiri, Catharina Y Praptiningsih, Basil Safi, Timothy M Uyeki, J Douglas Storey
BACKGROUND: Indonesia has the highest human mortality from highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A (H5N1) virus infection in the world. METHODS: A survey of households (N=2520) measured treatment sources and beliefs among symptomatic household members. A survey of physicians (N=554) in various types of health care facilities measured knowledge, assessment and testing behaviors, and perceived clinical capacity. RESULTS: Households reported confidence in health care system capacity but infrequently sought treatment for potential HPAI H5N1 signs/symptoms...
December 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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