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Disaster preparedness education

Jenifer M Chilton, Danita Alfred
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 2 educational intervention modalities (face-to-face or online) aimed at improving nursing students' personal emergency preparedness. Personal emergency preparedness means an individual has a Grab-and-Go kit, has developed a plan for self and family, and remains informed about potential disasters. Outcomes indicated that face-to-face instruction for BSN nursing students and online instruction for RNs were effective at increasing knowledge and increasing personal emergency preparedness...
October 17, 2016: Nurse Educator
Abdallah Mohamed Elsafti, Gerlant van Berlaer, Mohammad Al Safadi, Michel Debacker, Ronald Buyl, Atef Redwan, Ives Hubloue
OBJECTIVE: The Syrian civil war since 2011 has led to one of the most complex humanitarian emergencies in history. The objective of this study was to document the impact of the conflict on the familial, educational, and public health state of Syrian children. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in May 2015. Health care workers visited families with a prospectively designed data sheet in 4 Northern Syrian governorates. RESULTS: The 1001 children included in this study originated from Aleppo (41%), Idleb (36%), Hamah (15%), and Lattakia (8%)...
October 14, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Terri Rebmann, Michael B Elliott, Deborah Artman, Matthew VanNatta, Mary Wakefield
BACKGROUND: A 2011 nationwide school pandemic preparedness study found schools to be deficient. We examined the impact of a school nurse educational intervention aimed at improving K-12 school biological event preparedness. METHODS: Missouri Association of School Nurses (MASN) members were e-mailed a survey link in fall 2013 (ie, preintervention), links to online education modules (ie, intervention) in late fall, and a postintervention survey link in spring, 2014...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Yibing Tan, Xiaolan Liao, Haihao Su, Chun Li, Jiagen Xiang, Zhaoyang Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 aims. First, we evaluated the current levels of disaster preparedness among university students in southern China. Second, we assessed students' demands for future disaster education. In addition, we examined the influence of demographic factors on current disaster preparedness status and demand. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. The data were collected from 1893 students in 10 universities in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega (GHEM) center...
September 26, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Leena Smadi, Aiman Al Sumadi
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to review oral and dental health aspects in female patients presented to Jordanian Royal Medical Services (RMS) international humanitarian missions over a 3-year period. DESIGN AND METHOD: Analysis of humanitarian missions of RMS data and records over a 3-year period (2011-2013) in regard to women's oral and dental health issues was done. The data were analyzed in regard to the number of women seen, the presenting conditions, and the prevalence of oral and dental diseases and procedures in these cases...
January 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Jennica Siddle, Sue Tolleson-Rinehart, Jane Brice
INTRODUCTION: In the domestic response to the outbreak of Ebola virus disease from 2013 to 2015, many US hospitals developed and implemented specialized training programs to care for patients with Ebola. This research reports on the effects of targeted training on Emergency Department (ED) staff's Ebola-related perceptions and attitudes. METHODS: One hundred fifty-nine members of the UNC Health Care System ED staff participated in a voluntary cross-sectional, anonymous Web survey administered using a one-time "post then pre" design...
2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Bhakti Hansoti, Dylan S Kellogg, Sara J Aberle, Morgan C Broccoli, Jeffrey Feden, Arthur French, Charles M Little, Brooks Moore, Joseph Sabato, Tara Sheets, R Weinberg, Pat Elmes, Christopher Kang
: Study Objective This study aimed to review available disaster training options for health care providers, and to provide specific recommendations for developing and delivering a disaster-response-training program for non-disaster-trained emergency physicians, residents, and trainees prior to acute deployment. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the peer-reviewed and grey literature of the existing training options for health care providers was conducted to provide specific recommendations...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Yasser A Alaska, Abdulaziz D Aldawas, Nawfal A Aljerian, Ziad A Memish, Selim Suner
BACKGROUND: Mass gatherings present enormous challenges for emergency preparedness. Planners must anticipate and prepare for communicable and non-communicable disease outbreaks, illnesses, and injuries to participants, crowd control, and disaster responses to unforeseen natural or man-made threats. The Hajj, the largest annually recurring mass gathering event on earth. It attracts about 3 million pilgrims from over 180 countries who assemble in Mecca over a 1-week period. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using Medline and OVID, while searching for published data concerning human stampedes and crowd control measures implemented to prevent human stampedes...
September 14, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Holli B Bagwell, Rebecca Liggin, Tonya Thompson, Kristin Lyle, Allison Anthony, Matthew Baltz, Maria Melguizo-Castro, Todd Nick, Dennis Z Kuo
Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) may present unique challenges for disaster preparedness. This study's objective was to determine the impact of a disaster supply starter kit intervention on preparedness for families of CSHCN. The study was a 1-group pre-post cohort design with consecutive enrollment at the Arkansas Children's Hospital Medical Home Clinic. Pre- and postintervention survey findings were compared using McNemar's test. Of the 249 enrolled, 223 completed the postsurvey. At presurvey, 43% had an Emergency Information Form, compared with 79% at postsurvey (P < ...
October 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
Luca Carenzo, Francesco Ragozzino, Davide Colombo, Federico Lorenzo Barra, Francesco Della Corte, Pier Luigi Ingrassia
OBJECTIVE: Hospitals play a pivotal role as basic healthcare providers during mass casualty incidents (MCIs). Radiological studies and emergency laboratory test are of high importance for the management of hospital patients. However, it is known that during these events, they can generate significant bottlenecks. Appropriate request of such tests is of utmost importance to not generate delays in the patient flow. The aim of this paper is to describe a software designed to increase the realism of hospital-based MCI training through a realistic reproduction of radiology and laboratory departments...
September 3, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
David J Schonfeld, Thomas Demaria
The death of someone close to a child often has a profound and lifelong effect on the child and results in a range of both short- and long-term reactions. Pediatricians, within a patient-centered medical home, are in an excellent position to provide anticipatory guidance to caregivers and to offer assistance and support to children and families who are grieving. This clinical report offers practical suggestions on how to talk with grieving children to help them better understand what has happened and its implications and to address any misinformation, misinterpretations, or misconceptions...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Liang E Liu, Meaghan Dehning, Ashley Phipps, Ray E Swienton, Curtis A Harris, Kelly R Klein
OBJECTIVE: Mosquito-borne diseases pose a threat to individual health and population health on both a local and a global level. The threat is even more exaggerated during disasters, whether manmade or environmental. With the recent Zika virus outbreak, it is important to highlight other infections that can mimic the Zika virus and to better understand what can be done as public health officials and health care providers. METHODS: This article reviews the recent literature on the Zika virus as well as chikungunya virus and dengue virus...
August 30, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Marjorie A Schaffer, Jone M Tiffany, Kelly Kantack, Linda J W Anderson
BACKGROUND: With limited available public health nursing clinical placements, nurse educators are challenged to create alternative learning experiences that engage students. METHOD: Nursing faculty developed three Second Life® virtual learning scenarios in family health, disaster preparedness, and home safety areas of interest as a supplement to clinical experiences for undergraduate senior nursing students in a public health nursing course. Student perceptions of their learning were evaluated by a survey and focus group...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Nurul'Ain Ahayalimudin, Nor Naimah Saidah Osman
BACKGROUND: Disaster management is critical, as its insight could diminish the impact of a disaster, and participation of emergency medical personnel is crucial. This study explores emergency medical personnel's knowledge, attitude and practice towards disaster management. METHODOLOGY: This study utilised a cross-sectional study design, and the data collected from 194 emergency nursing and medical personnel (staff nurses, doctors and assistant medical officers), using a questionnaire...
August 18, 2016: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
Matteo Paganini, Francesco Borrelli, Jonathan Cattani, Luca Ragazzoni, Ahmadreza Djalali, Luca Carenzo, Francesco Della Corte, Frederick M Jr Burkle, Pier Luigi Ingrassia
STUDY HYPOTHESIS: Since the 1990s, Italian hospitals are required to comply with emergency disaster plans known as Emergency Plan for Massive Influx of Casualties. While various studies reveal that hospitals overall suffer from an insufficient preparedness level, the aim of this study was to better determine the preparedness level of Emergency Departments of Italian hospitals by assessing the knowledge-base of emergency physicians regarding basic disaster planning and procedures. METHODS: A prospective observational study utilized a convenience sample of Italian Emergency Departments identified from the Italian Ministry of Health website...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Biblia S Cha, Rachel I Lawrence, Jesse C Bliss, Kenneth B Wells, Anita Chandra, David P Eisenman
OBJECTIVE: Local health departments (LHDs) have little guidance for operationalizing community resilience (CR). We explored how community coalitions responded to 4 CR levers (education, engagement, partnerships, and community self-sufficiency) during the first planning year of the Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience (LACCDR) Project. METHODS: Sixteen communities were selected and randomly assigned to the experimental CR group or the control preparedness group...
August 11, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Dabney P Evans, Mark Anderson, Cyrus Shahpar, Carlos Del Rio, James W Curran
The objective of this report was to show how the Center for Humanitarian Emergencies (the Center) at Emory University (Atlanta, Georgia USA) has trained graduate students to respond to complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs) through innovative educational programs, with the goal of increasing the number of trained humanitarian workers. Natural disasters are on the rise with more than twice as many occurring from 2000-2009 as there were from 1980-1989. In 2012 alone, 144 million people were affected by a natural disaster or displaced by conflict worldwide...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Adam R Aluisio, Pia Daniel, Andrew Grock, Joseph Freedman, Ajai Singh, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Bonnie Arquilla
OBJECTIVE: In resource-constrained environments, appropriately employing triage in disaster situations is crucial. Although both case-based learning (CBL) and simulation exercises (SEs) commonly are utilized in teaching disaster preparedness to adult learners, there is no substantial evidence supporting one as a more efficacious methodology. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the effectiveness of CBL versus SEs in addition to standard didactic instruction in knowledge attainment pertaining to disaster triage preparedness...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Misao Hachiya, Makoto Akashi
A huge earthquake struck the northeast coast of the main island of Japan on 11 March 2011 triggering an extremely large tsunami to hit the area. The earthquake and tsunami caused serious damage to the Fukushima nuclear power plants (NPPs) of Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), resulting in large amounts of radioactive materials being released into the environment. The major nuclides released were (131)I, (134)Cs and (137)Cs. The deposition of these radioactive materials on land resulted in a high ambient dose of radiation around the NPPs, especially within a 20-km radius...
September 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Tomoko Wakui, Emily M Agree, Tami Saito, Ichiro Kai
OBJECTIVE: In the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, as in Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in the United States, older individuals were at the greatest risk of mortality. Much concern has been raised about developing plans to reduce these risks, but little information has been provided about preparedness, and the key role played by caregivers has been largely unexplored. The aims of this study were thus to examine the preparedness of family caregivers of older adults with long-term care needs and to identify the characteristics of older adults and their caregivers that are associated with poor preparedness and greater concern about disasters...
July 27, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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