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Disaster preparedness education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#1
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747715/an-in-situ-simulation-based-training-approach-to-active-shooter-response-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Mark S Mannenbach, Carol J Fahje, Kharmene L Sunga, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
ABSTRACTWith an increased number of active shooter events in the United States, emergency departments are challenged to ensure preparedness for these low frequency but high stakes events. Engagement of all emergency department personnel can be very challenging due to a variety of barriers. This article describes the use of an in situ simulation training model as a component of active shooter education in one emergency department. The educational tool was intentionally developed to be multidisciplinary in planning and involvement, to avoid interference with patient care and to be completed in the true footprint of the work space of the participants...
May 11, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733000/health-care-providers-in-war-and-armed-conflict-operational-and-educational-challenges-in-international-humanitarian-law-and-the-geneva-conventions-part-ii-educational-and-training-initiatives
#3
Frederick M Burkle, Adam L Kushner, Christos Giannou, Mary A Paterson, Sherry M Wren, Gilbert Burnham
ABSTRACTNo discipline has been impacted more by war and armed conflict than health care has. Health systems and health care providers are often the first victims, suffering increasingly heinous acts that cripple the essential health delivery and public health infrastructure necessary for the protection of civilian and military victims of the state at war. This commentary argues that current instructional opportunities to prepare health care providers fall short in both content and preparation, especially in those operational skill sets necessary to manage multiple challenges, threats, and violations under international humanitarian law and to perform triage management in a resource-poor medical setting...
May 7, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719848/a-questionnaire-study-on-the-attitudes-and-previous-experience-of-croatian-family-physicians-toward-their-preparedness-for-disaster-management
#4
Tanja Pekez-Pavliško, Maja Račić, Dinka Jurišić
Objective: To explore family physicians' attitudes, previous experience and self-assessed preparedness to respond or to assist in mass casualty incidents in Croatia. Methods: The cross-sectional survey was carried out during January 2017. Study participants were recruited through a Facebook group that brings together family physicians from Croatia. They were asked to complete the questionnaire, which was distributed via google.docs. Knowledge and attitudes toward disaster preparedness were evaluated by 18 questions...
April 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716666/lessons-learnt-from-exercise-celestial-navigation-the-application-of-a-geographic-information-system-to-inform-legionnaires-disease-control-activity
#5
Emma Quinn, Kai Hsiao, George Truman, Nectarios Rose, Richard Broome
Geographic information systems (GIS) have emerged in the past few decades as a technology capable of assisting in the control of infectious disease outbreaks. A Legionnaires' disease cluster investigation in May 2016 in Sydney, New South Wales (NSW), Australia, demonstrated the importance of using GIS to identify at-risk water sources in real-time for field investigation to help control any immediate environmental health risk, as well as the need for more staff trained in the use of this technology. Sydney Local Health District Public Health Unit (PHU) subsequently ran an exercise (based on this investigation) with 11 staff members from 4 PHUs across Sydney to further test staff capability to use GIS across NSW...
May 2, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706140/health-care-providers-in-war-and-armed-conflict-operational-and-educational-challenges-in-international-humanitarian-law-and-the-geneva-conventions-part-i-historical-perspective
#6
Frederick M Burkle, Adam L Kushner, Christos Giannou, Mary A Paterson, Sherry M Wren, Gilbert Burnham
Since 1945, the reason for humanitarian crises and the way in which the world responds to them has dramatically changed every 10 to 15 years or less. Planning, response, and recovery for these tragic events have often been ad hoc, inconsistent, and insufficient, largely because of the complexity of global humanitarian demands and their corresponding response system capabilities. This historical perspective chronicles the transformation of war and armed conflicts from the Cold War to today, emphasizing the impact these events have had on humanitarian professionals and their struggle to adapt to increasing humanitarian, operational, and political challenges...
April 30, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703219/primary-mass-casualty-incident-triage-evidence-for-the-benefit-of-yearly-brief-re-training-from-a-simulation-study
#7
Michael S Dittmar, Philipp Wolf, Marc Bigalke, Bernhard M Graf, Torsten Birkholz
BACKGROUND: Triage is a mainstay of early mass casualty incident (MCI) management. Standardized triage protocols aim at providing valid and reproducible results and, thus, improve triage quality. To date, there is little data supporting the extent and content of training and re-training on using such triage protocols within the Emergency Medical Services (EMS). The study objective was to assess the decline in triage skills indicating a minimum time interval for re-training. In addition, the effect of a one-hour repeating lesson on triage quality was analyzed...
April 27, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652175/the-work-programme-of-neris-in-post-accident-recovery
#8
T Schneider, S Andronopoulos, J Camps, T Duranova, E Gallego, F Gering, O Isnard, M Maître, C Murith, D Oughton, W Raskob
NERIS is the European platform on preparedness for nuclear and radiological emergency response and recovery. Created in 2010 with 57 organisations from 28 different countries, the objectives of the platform are to: improve the effectiveness and coherency of current approaches to preparedness; identify further development needs; improve 'know how' and technical expertise; and establish a forum for dialogue and methodological development. The NERIS Strategic Research Agenda is now structured with three main challenges: (i) radiological impact assessments during all phases of nuclear and radiological events; (ii) countermeasures and countermeasure strategies in emergency and recovery, decision support, and disaster informatics; and (iii) setting up a multi-faceted framework for preparedness for emergency response and recovery...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650165/therapeutic-group-therapy-improved-self-efficacy-of-school-age-children
#9
Cindy Cleodora, Mustikasari, Dewi Gayatri
OBJECTIVE: The survival of children against disaster can be seen from their confidence in their ability (self-efficacy). Self-efficacy can help children to determine their ability against disaster as preparedness. The proper intervention to increase self-efficacy as a protective factor is a therapeutic group therapy. The aim of this research is to measure the increase of self-efficacy of school age children against earthquake and Tsunami through therapeutic group therapy. METHOD: This research used quasi-experimental design with pre-post-tests with control group...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622049/socio-cultural-challenges-of-family-planning-initiatives-for-displaced-populations-in-conflict-situations-and-humanitarian-settings
#10
Ramin Asgary, Joan T Price
Provision of family planning services for refugee populations in conflict and humanitarian settings has been improving. Availability of services, however, does not translate into acceptability and uptake; understanding socio-cultural settings and barriers is critical to ensure utilization of services. Misconceptions and apprehensions surrounding family planning services are common. Populations may see limiting pregnancies as counterproductive in light of high child mortality or suspicious in the context of ethnic violence; larger family size has the perceived advantage of additional security for the community or ethnic group, assistance with family duties in a subsistence structure, and a social service investment for parents as they age; and there may be religious and moral objections to contraception...
April 6, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609618/what-should-the-african-health-workforce-know-about-disasters-proposed-competencies-for-strengthening-public-health-disaster-risk-management-education-in-africa
#11
Olushayo Olu, Abdulmumini Usman, Kalula Kalambay, Stella Anyangwe, Kuku Voyi, Christopher Garimoi Orach, Aklilu Azazh, Mala Ali Mapatano, Ngoy Nsenga, Lucien Manga, Solomon Woldetsadik, Francois Nguessan, Angela Benson
BACKGROUND: As part of efforts to implement the human resources capacity building component of the African Regional Strategy on Disaster Risk Management (DRM) for the health sector, the African Regional Office of the World Health Organization, in collaboration with selected African public health training institutions, followed a multistage process to develop core competencies and curricula for training the African health workforce in public health DRM. In this article, we describe the methods used to develop the competencies, present the identified competencies and training curricula, and propose recommendations for their integration into the public health education curricula of African member states...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584681/evaluating-community-partnerships-addressing-community-resilience-in-los-angeles-california
#12
Malcolm V Williams, Anita Chandra, Asya Spears, Danielle Varda, Kenneth B Wells, Alonzo L Plough, David P Eisenman
Community resilience has grown in importance in national disaster response and recovery efforts. However, measurement of community resilience, particularly the content and quality of relationships aimed at improving resilience, is lacking. To address this gap, we used a social network survey to measure the number, type, and quality of relationships among organizations participating in 16 coalitions brought together to address community resilience in the Los Angeles Community Disaster Resilience project. These coalitions were randomized to one of two approaches (community resilience or preparedness)...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524836/disaster-education-and-preparedness-in-the-acute-care-setting-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-operating-theatre-nurse-s-disaster-knowledge-and-education
#13
Olivia Sonneborn, Charne Miller, Leon Head, Rachel Cross
BACKGROUND: Operating theatre services can be heavily relied upon during mass casualty disaster events, which require nurses to have adequate training and education of hospital disaster management plans to respond appropriately. The evidence-base of disaster preparedness in the acute setting is limited, particularly with regard to operating theatre nurses. OBJECTIVES: Explore operating theatre nurse's disaster knowledge of their role in a mass casualty event, and identify the preferred mode of disaster education and training to improve disaster preparedness...
June 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510775/evaluation-and-gap-analysis-of-pediatric-disaster-preparedness-resources
#14
Tessa J Koeffler, Natalie E Demeter, Lynn Kysh, Jeffrey Reeb, Alix Stayton, Robert Spears, Rita V Burke
The goal of this research was to identify, summarize, and evaluate pediatric disaster preparedness resources in the United States and to identify areas that need improvement or further development. Using standard literature, gray literature and website reviews, relevant resources were identified and the 50 most relevant resources were studied in depth. Each resource was given a grade of A, B, or C based on content, format, quality, and thoroughness. These resources were divided into 3 categories: (1) hospital resources, (2) school resources, and (3) training/education resources...
March 7, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467059/creation-of-a-collaborative-disaster-preparedness-video-for-daycare-providers-use-of-the-delphi-model-for-the-creation-of-a-comprehensive-disaster-preparedness-video-for-daycare-providers
#15
Pamela Mar, Robert Spears, Jeffrey Reeb, Sarah B Thompson, Paul Myers, Rita V Burke
OBJECTIVE: Eight million American children under the age of 5 attend daycare and more than another 50 million American children are in school or daycare settings. Emergency planning requirements for daycare licensing vary by state. Expert opinions were used to create a disaster preparedness video designed for daycare providers to cover a broad spectrum of scenarios. METHODS: Various stakeholders (17) devised the outline for an educational pre-disaster video for child daycare providers using the Delphi technique...
February 22, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467051/primary-care-medical-practices-are-community-health-care-providers-ready-for-disasters
#16
Rachel M Peters, Thomas J Hipper, Esther D Chernak
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to determine the capacity of community primary care practices to meet the needs of patients during public health emergencies and to identify the barriers and resources necessary to participate in a coordinated response with public safety agencies. METHODS: The self-administered web-based survey was distributed in January 2014 via e-mail to primary care providers in Pennsylvania using the listservs of several professional societies. RESULTS: A total of 179 primary care providers participated in the survey...
February 22, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463340/evaluation-of-a-novel-disaster-nursing-education-method
#17
Kristin Levoy, Summer D DeBastiani, Brian E McCabe
OBJECTIVE: A common method of disaster training is needed to improve disaster nursing education and facilitate better communication among interprofessional disaster responders. To inform the development of disaster nursing curricula, a novel disaster nursing education method consistent with Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) and the International Council of Nurses (ICN) framework was developed to improve disaster nursing competencies in a baccalaureate nursing program...
February 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458452/disaster-survivors-anticipated-received-support-in-a-future-disaster
#18
Sarah R Lowe, Megan N Young, Joie Acosta, Laura Sampson, Oliver Gruebner, Sandro Galea
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine factors associated with receipt of post-disaster support from network (eg, family or friends) and non-network (eg, government agencies) sources. METHODS: Participants (n=409) were from a population-based sample of Hurricane Sandy survivors surveyed 25-28 months post-disaster. Survivors were asked to imagine a future disaster and indicate how much they would depend on network and non-network sources of support. In addition, they reported on demographic characteristics, disaster-related exposure, post-traumatic stress, and depression...
February 20, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395693/disaster-training-in-24-hours-evaluation-of-a-novel-medical-student-curriculum-in-disaster-medicine
#19
Lauren Wiesner, Shane Kappler, Alex Shuster, Michael DeLuca, James Ott, Eric Glasser
BACKGROUND: Over a decade ago, the Association of American Medical Colleges called for incorporation of disaster medicine training into the education of medical students in the United States. Despite this recommendation, similar suggestions by other professional organizations, and significant interest from medical students and educators, few medical schools explicitly include robust disaster training in their curricula. OBJECTIVES: This study describes the results of the implementation of a novel medical student curriculum in disaster response at an allopathic U...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352835/a-gap-analysis-survey-of-us-aircraft-rescue-and-fire-fighting-arff-members-to-determine-highly-infectious-disease-training-and-education-needs
#20
Aurora B Le, Rene Herron, Jocelyn J Herstein, Katelyn C Jelden, Elizabeth L Beam, Shawn G Gibbs, John J Lowe, Todd D Smith
OBJECTIVE: Despite lessons learned from the recent Ebola epidemic, attempts to survey and determine non-health care worker, industry-specific needs to address highly infectious diseases have been minimal. The aircraft rescue and fire fighting (ARFF) industry is often overlooked in highly infectious disease training and education, even though it is critical to their field due to elevated occupational exposure risk during their operations. METHODS: A 44-question gap analysis survey was distributed to the ARFF Working Group to determine where highly infectious education and training can be improved...
January 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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