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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873296/emergency-preparedness-of-veterans-and-nonveterans
#1
Joseph F Iii Geiger
This study examined statistical differences in levels of disaster preparedness between former members of the US Armed Forces (veterans) and civilians (nonveterans). It was hypothesized that veterans would exhibit a higher degree of disaster preparedness as compared to their nonveteran counterparts as a consequence of their training and life experience. Furthermore, if this were proven to be valid, the finding would identify this cohort as an ideal target audience for emergency and disaster preparedness education efforts...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863578/wildfire-disasters-and-nursing
#2
REVIEW
Patricia Frohock Hanes
Multiple factors contribute to wildfires in California and other regions: drought, winds, climate change, and spreading urbanization. Little has been done to study the multiple roles of nurses related to wildfire disasters. Major nursing organizations support disaster education for nurses. It is essential for nurses to recognize their roles in each phase of the disaster cycle: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Skills learned in the US federal all-hazards approach to disasters can then be adapted to more specific disasters, such as wildfires, and issues affecting health care...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863574/all-the-resources-was-gone-the-environmental-context-of-disaster-nursing
#3
REVIEW
Stasia E Ruskie
US nurses are not prepared for the altered conditions of the disaster environment, nor has the context of providing disaster nursing care been a focus of disaster research. Using an existential phenomenologic approach, US nurses described the "not normal" conditions of the disaster environment they experienced as physically and emotionally challenging, because of the reduced infrastructural capabilities, unfamiliar patient populations, and reliance on low-technology nursing with insufficient staff and supplies...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837014/concerns-with-entertainment-education-zombie-pandemic-preparedness-and-the-unanticipated-promotion-of-a-weapons-culture
#4
Frank Houghton, Jeremy Toms, Ghazal Meratnia, Krista Loney, Edward Hopkins, Katie Del Monte
Entertainment-education has proved to be an engaging medium through which to explore health and social issues in populations. Given the popularity of the zombie theme in popular culture it is no surprise therefore that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adopted this theme in an effort to engage youth and young adults in emergency preparedness. However, an earlier observational study involving elementary school children based on this premise raised concerns that it may have unexpectedly promoted a focus on firearms...
November 10, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809947/emergency-preparedness-safety-climate-and-other-factors-associated-with-mental-health-outcomes-among-world-trade-center-disaster-evacuees
#5
Martin F Sherman, Robyn R Gershon, Halley E M Riley, Qi Zhi, Lori A Magda, Mark Peyrot
OBJECTIVE: We examined psychological outcomes in a sample of participants who evacuated from the World Trade Center towers on September 11, 2011. This study aimed to identify risk factors for psychological injury that might be amenable to change, thereby reducing adverse impacts associated with emergency high-rise evacuation. METHODS: We used data from a cross-sectional survey conducted 2 years after the attacks to classify 789 evacuees into 3 self-reported psychological outcome categories: long-term psychological disorder diagnosed by a physician, short-term psychological disorder and/or memory problems, and no known psychological disorder...
November 4, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755227/an-evidence-based-educational-intervention-to-improve-personal-emergency-preparedness-of-nursing-students
#6
Jenifer M Chilton, Danita Alfred
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 2 educational intervention modalities (face-to-face or online) aimed at improving nursing students' personal emergency preparedness. Personal emergency preparedness means an individual has a Grab-and-Go kit, has developed a plan for self and family, and remains informed about potential disasters. Outcomes indicated that face-to-face instruction for BSN nursing students and online instruction for RNs were effective at increasing knowledge and increasing personal emergency preparedness...
October 17, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737721/children-in-the-syrian-civil-war-the-familial-educational-and-public-health-impact-of-ongoing-violence
#7
Abdallah Mohamed Elsafti, Gerlant van Berlaer, Mohammad Al Safadi, Michel Debacker, Ronald Buyl, Atef Redwan, Ives Hubloue
OBJECTIVE: The Syrian civil war since 2011 has led to one of the most complex humanitarian emergencies in history. The objective of this study was to document the impact of the conflict on the familial, educational, and public health state of Syrian children. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in May 2015. Health care workers visited families with a prospectively designed data sheet in 4 Northern Syrian governorates. RESULTS: The 1001 children included in this study originated from Aleppo (41%), Idleb (36%), Hamah (15%), and Lattakia (8%)...
October 14, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714869/impact-of-an-education-intervention-on-missouri-k-12-school-disaster-and-biological-event-preparedness
#8
Terri Rebmann, Michael B Elliott, Deborah Artman, Matthew VanNatta, Mary Wakefield
BACKGROUND: A 2011 nationwide school pandemic preparedness study found schools to be deficient. We examined the impact of a school nurse educational intervention aimed at improving K-12 school biological event preparedness. METHODS: Missouri Association of School Nurses (MASN) members were e-mailed a survey link in fall 2013 (ie, preintervention), links to online education modules (ie, intervention) in late fall, and a postintervention survey link in spring, 2014...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666525/disaster-preparedness-among-university-students-in-guangzhou-china-assessment-of-status-and-demand-for-disaster-education
#9
Yibing Tan, Xiaolan Liao, Haihao Su, Chun Li, Jiagen Xiang, Zhaoyang Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 aims. First, we evaluated the current levels of disaster preparedness among university students in southern China. Second, we assessed students' demands for future disaster education. In addition, we examined the influence of demographic factors on current disaster preparedness status and demand. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. The data were collected from 1893 students in 10 universities in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega (GHEM) center...
September 26, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649750/women-s-oral-and-dental-health-aspects-in-humanitarian-missions-and-disasters-jordanian-experience
#10
Leena Smadi, Aiman Al Sumadi
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to review oral and dental health aspects in female patients presented to Jordanian Royal Medical Services (RMS) international humanitarian missions over a 3-year period. DESIGN AND METHOD: Analysis of humanitarian missions of RMS data and records over a 3-year period (2011-2013) in regard to women's oral and dental health issues was done. The data were analyzed in regard to the number of women seen, the presenting conditions, and the prevalence of oral and dental diseases and procedures in these cases...
January 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649747/survey-of-emergency-department-staff-on-disaster-preparedness-and-training-for-ebola-virus-disease
#11
Jennica Siddle, Sue Tolleson-Rinehart, Jane Brice
INTRODUCTION: In the domestic response to the outbreak of Ebola virus disease from 2013 to 2015, many US hospitals developed and implemented specialized training programs to care for patients with Ebola. This research reports on the effects of targeted training on Emergency Department (ED) staff's Ebola-related perceptions and attitudes. METHODS: One hundred fifty-nine members of the UNC Health Care System ED staff participated in a voluntary cross-sectional, anonymous Web survey administered using a one-time "post then pre" design...
2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640891/preparing-emergency-physicians-for-acute-disaster-response-a-review-of-current-training-opportunities-in-the-us
#12
Bhakti Hansoti, Dylan S Kellogg, Sara J Aberle, Morgan C Broccoli, Jeffrey Feden, Arthur French, Charles M Little, Brooks Moore, Joseph Sabato, Tara Sheets, R Weinberg, Pat Elmes, Christopher Kang
: Study Objective This study aimed to review available disaster training options for health care providers, and to provide specific recommendations for developing and delivering a disaster-response-training program for non-disaster-trained emergency physicians, residents, and trainees prior to acute deployment. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the peer-reviewed and grey literature of the existing training options for health care providers was conducted to provide specific recommendations...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640116/the-impact-of-crowd-control-measures-on-the-occurrence-of-stampedes-during-mass-gatherings-the-hajj-experience
#13
Yasser A Alaska, Abdulaziz D Aldawas, Nawfal A Aljerian, Ziad A Memish, Selim Suner
BACKGROUND: Mass gatherings present enormous challenges for emergency preparedness. Planners must anticipate and prepare for communicable and non-communicable disease outbreaks, illnesses, and injuries to participants, crowd control, and disaster responses to unforeseen natural or man-made threats. The Hajj, the largest annually recurring mass gathering event on earth. It attracts about 3 million pilgrims from over 180 countries who assemble in Mecca over a 1-week period. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using Medline and OVID, while searching for published data concerning human stampedes and crowd control measures implemented to prevent human stampedes...
September 14, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630005/disaster-preparedness-in-families-with-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#14
Holli B Bagwell, Rebecca Liggin, Tonya Thompson, Kristin Lyle, Allison Anthony, Matthew Baltz, Maria Melguizo-Castro, Todd Nick, Dennis Z Kuo
Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) may present unique challenges for disaster preparedness. This study's objective was to determine the impact of a disaster supply starter kit intervention on preparedness for families of CSHCN. The study was a 1-group pre-post cohort design with consecutive enrollment at the Arkansas Children's Hospital Medical Home Clinic. Pre- and postintervention survey findings were compared using McNemar's test. Of the 249 enrolled, 223 completed the postsurvey. At presurvey, 43% had an Emergency Information Form, compared with 79% at postsurvey (P < ...
October 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603200/virtual-laboratory-and-imaging-an-online-simulation-tool-to-enhance-hospital-disaster-preparedness-training-experience
#15
Luca Carenzo, Francesco Ragozzino, Davide Colombo, Federico Lorenzo Barra, Francesco Della Corte, Pier Luigi Ingrassia
OBJECTIVE: Hospitals play a pivotal role as basic healthcare providers during mass casualty incidents (MCIs). Radiological studies and emergency laboratory test are of high importance for the management of hospital patients. However, it is known that during these events, they can generate significant bottlenecks. Appropriate request of such tests is of utmost importance to not generate delays in the patient flow. The aim of this paper is to describe a software designed to increase the realism of hospital-based MCI training through a realistic reproduction of radiology and laboratory departments...
September 3, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573086/supporting-the-grieving-child-and-family
#16
David J Schonfeld, Thomas Demaria
The death of someone close to a child often has a profound and lifelong effect on the child and results in a range of both short- and long-term reactions. Pediatricians, within a patient-centered medical home, are in an excellent position to provide anticipatory guidance to caregivers and to offer assistance and support to children and families who are grieving. This clinical report offers practical suggestions on how to talk with grieving children to help them better understand what has happened and its implications and to address any misinformation, misinterpretations, or misconceptions...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572514/clinical-update-on-dengue-chikungunya-and-zika-what-we-know-at-the-time-of-article-submission
#17
Liang E Liu, Meaghan Dehning, Ashley Phipps, Ray E Swienton, Curtis A Harris, Kelly R Klein
OBJECTIVE: Mosquito-borne diseases pose a threat to individual health and population health on both a local and a global level. The threat is even more exaggerated during disasters, whether manmade or environmental. With the recent Zika virus outbreak, it is important to highlight other infections that can mimic the Zika virus and to better understand what can be done as public health officials and health care providers. METHODS: This article reviews the recent literature on the Zika virus as well as chikungunya virus and dengue virus...
August 30, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560123/second-life-%C3%A2-virtual-learning-in-public-health-nursing
#18
Marjorie A Schaffer, Jone M Tiffany, Kelly Kantack, Linda J W Anderson
BACKGROUND: With limited available public health nursing clinical placements, nurse educators are challenged to create alternative learning experiences that engage students. METHOD: Nursing faculty developed three Second Life® virtual learning scenarios in family health, disaster preparedness, and home safety areas of interest as a supplement to clinical experiences for undergraduate senior nursing students in a public health nursing course. Student perceptions of their learning were evaluated by a survey and focus group...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545578/disaster-management-emergency-nursing-and-medical-personnel-s-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-the-east-coast-region-hospitals-of-malaysia
#19
Nurul'Ain Ahayalimudin, Nor Naimah Saidah Osman
BACKGROUND: Disaster management is critical, as its insight could diminish the impact of a disaster, and participation of emergency medical personnel is crucial. This study explores emergency medical personnel's knowledge, attitude and practice towards disaster management. METHODOLOGY: This study utilised a cross-sectional study design, and the data collected from 194 emergency nursing and medical personnel (staff nurses, doctors and assistant medical officers), using a questionnaire...
August 18, 2016: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526719/assessment-of-disaster-preparedness-among-emergency-departments-in-italian-hospitals-a-cautious-warning-for-disaster-risk-reduction-and-management-capacity
#20
Matteo Paganini, Francesco Borrelli, Jonathan Cattani, Luca Ragazzoni, Ahmadreza Djalali, Luca Carenzo, Francesco Della Corte, Frederick M Jr Burkle, Pier Luigi Ingrassia
STUDY HYPOTHESIS: Since the 1990s, Italian hospitals are required to comply with emergency disaster plans known as Emergency Plan for Massive Influx of Casualties. While various studies reveal that hospitals overall suffer from an insufficient preparedness level, the aim of this study was to better determine the preparedness level of Emergency Departments of Italian hospitals by assessing the knowledge-base of emergency physicians regarding basic disaster planning and procedures. METHODS: A prospective observational study utilized a convenience sample of Italian Emergency Departments identified from the Italian Ministry of Health website...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
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