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Disaster preparedness education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236028/beyond-disaster-preparedness-building-a-resilience-oriented-workforce-for-the-future
#1
REVIEW
Jaime Madrigano, Anita Chandra, Tracy Costigan, Joie D Acosta
Enhancing citizens' and communities' resilience is critical to adapt successfully to ongoing challenges faced by communities, as well as acute shocks resulting from disasters. While significant progress has been made in this area, several research and practice gaps remain. A crucial next step to advance resilience is the development of a resilience-oriented workforce. This narrative review examines existing literature to determine key components of a resilience-oriented workforce, with a focus on organizational structures, training and education, and leadership models...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178814/natural-hazards-preparedness-in-taiwan-a-comparison-between-households-with-and-without-disabled-members
#2
Ziqiang Han, Hong Wang, Qingyue Du, Yongyi Zeng
People with disabilities are one of the most vulnerable groups to natural hazards. Preparedness is critical to protect life and reduce disaster impact. This article discusses the knowledge of the disaster preparedness behaviors of people with disabilities using updated, representative data from Taiwan (2013 Taiwan Social Change Survey), with a comparison to households without disabled members. The adoption of 6 preparedness activities-relocating vehicles or valuable things to a safer place, purchasing insurance, securing furniture, preparing an emergency kit, planning evacuation, and participating in drills-are used separately as dependent variables...
November 27, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164725/a-scoping-review-of-environmental-health-nursing-research
#3
Barbara J Polivka, Rosemary V Chaudry
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to determine the extent and focus of published environmental health nursing research. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The search was limited to peer reviewed, English-language environmental health nursing research with at least one nursing author, published between 1995 and 2015 in a nursing journal, and catalogued in CINAHL. RESULTS: Publication of the 548 identified articles occurred in 118 different nursing journals...
November 22, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151402/difference-in-first-aid-activity-during-mass-casualty-training-based-on-having-taken-an-educational-course
#4
Youichi Yanagawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Kouhei Ishikawa, Ikuto Takeuchi, Kei Jitsuiki, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Jun Sato, Hideyuki Matsumoto, Masaru Tsuchiya, Hiromichi Osaka
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Association for Disaster Medicine developed a mass casualty life support (MCLS) course to improve cooperation among medical practitioners during a disaster, which is essential for reducing the rates of preventable disaster death. We investigated whether there was difference in first aid activity among members of the ambulance service during mass casualty training based on having taken the MCLS course. METHODS: Mass casualty training was held at the fire department of Numazu City...
November 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149064/who-participates-in-the-great-shakeout-why-audience-segmentation-is-the-future-of-disaster-preparedness-campaigns
#5
Rachel M Adams, Beth Karlin, David P Eisenman, Johanna Blakley, Deborah Glik
Background: In 2008, the Southern California Earthquake Center in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program launched the first annual Great ShakeOut, the largest earthquake preparedness drill in the history of the United States. Materials and Methods: We collected online survey data from 2052 campaign registrants to assess how people participated, whether audience segments shared behavioral patterns, and whether these segments were associated with five social cognitive factors targeted by the ShakeOut campaign...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121624/remembering-the-1918-influenza-pandemic-national-survey-of-memorials-and-scope-for-enhancing-educational-value-around-pandemic-preparedness
#6
Nick Wilson, Catharine Ferguson, Geoffrey Rice, Michael G Baker, Ben Schrader, Christine Clement, George Thomson
AIM: To systematically identify physical memorials to the 1918 influenza pandemic in an entire country. METHODS: Internet searches, contact with local historians and field expeditions were conducted. RESULTS: Despite the high impact of the 1918 influenza pandemic in New Zealand (~8,600 deaths), only seven publicly accessible local memorials which referred this pandemic were identified. Another 11 memorials were identified, but these were in private settings or did not refer to the pandemic...
November 10, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092741/disaster-preparation-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-questionnaire-based-cohort-study-from-a-large-united-states-transplant-center%C3%A2
#7
Shimi Sharief, Daniel Freitas, Deborah Adey, James Wiley
BACKGROUND: Few quantitative assessments have assessed disaster preparation in kidney transplant patients. This is a survey-based assessment of disaster preparedness of 200 patients at the University of California San Francisco, USA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients answered questionnaires assessing their level of preparedness as well as barriers to preparation. Preparedness was scored based on response to 7 questions. Univariate analyses compared participant characteristics extracted from the medical chart against three tertiles of preparedness: low (scores 0 - 2), medium (scores 3 - 4), and high (scores 5 - 7)...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070085/the-south-dakota-model-health-care-professions-student-disaster-preparedness-and-deployment-training
#8
Matt P Owens, Cheri Buffington, Michael P Frost, Randall J Waldner
OBJECTIVE: The Association of American Medical Colleges recommended an increase in medical education for public health emergencies, bioterrorism, and weapons of mass destruction in 2003. The University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine (USD SSOM) implemented a 1-day training event to provide disaster preparedness training and deployment organization for health professions students called Disaster Training Day (DTD). METHODS: Hospital staff and emergency medical services personnel provided the lecture portion of DTD using Core Disaster Life Support (CDLS; National Disaster Life Support Foundation) as the framework...
October 26, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065491/how-do-communities-use-a-participatory-public-health-approach-to-build-resilience-the-los-angeles-county-community-disaster-resilience-project
#9
Elizabeth Bromley, David P Eisenman, Aizita Magana, Malcolm Williams, Biblia Kim, Michael McCreary, Anita Chandra, Kenneth B Wells
Community resilience is a key concept in the National Health Security Strategy that emphasizes development of multi-sector partnerships and equity through community engagement. Here, we describe the advancement of CR principles through community participatory methods in the Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience (LACCDR) initiative. LACCDR, an initiative led by the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health with academic partners, randomized 16 community coalitions to implement either an Enhanced Standard Preparedness or Community Resilience approach over 24 months...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054103/preparedness-education-in-the-baccalaureate-nursing-curriculum-an-authentic-clinical-experience
#10
Dawn M Bowker, Brandi J Tomlinson
Healthy People 2020 supports the preparation of nurse graduates to assess emergency preparedness needs of defined populations and includes preparedness as one of its objectives. Natural disaster preparedness is addressed through the lens of community-centered care that meets the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses domains of patient-centered care and teamwork and collaboration. This article discusses the development of an authentic clinical experience through collaboration between the American Red Cross and a baccalaureate nursing program...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039300/disaster-preparedness-of-child-care-teachers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#11
Dongchoon Uhm, Hyang Soon Oh
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the differences in personal disaster preparedness and disaster risk perception among child care and preschool teachers in South Korea by using demographic characteristics and disaster-related questions. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-reporting questionnaire was administered from February to October 2014. RESULTS: Of all the participants, 68.1% had received disaster preparedness education and training on 2 or more occasions per year; 13...
October 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994362/perceived-workplace-interpersonal-support-among-workers-of-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plants-following-the-2011-accident-the-fukushima-nuclear-energy-workers-support-news-project-study
#12
Sho Takahashi, Jun Shigemura, Yoshitomo Takahashi, Soichiro Nomura, Aihide Yoshino, Takeshi Tanigawa
OBJECTIVE: The 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident was the worst nuclear disaster since Chernobyl. The Daiichi workers faced multiple stressors (workplace trauma, victim experiences, and public criticism deriving from their company's post-disaster management). Literatures suggest the importance of workplace interpersonal support (WIS) in enhancing psychological health among disaster workers. We sought to elucidate the role of their demographics, disaster-related experiences, and post-traumatic stress symptoms on perceived WIS...
October 10, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985913/factors-influencing-disaster-nursing-core-competencies-of-emergency-nurses
#13
Hye-Young Park, Ji-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Emergency nurses are expected to provide required nursing services by using their professional expertise to reduce the risk posed by disasters. Thus, emergency nurses' disaster nursing core competencies are essential for coping with disasters. The purpose of the study reported here was to identify factors influencing the disaster nursing core competencies of emergency nurses. METHODS: A survey was conducted among 231 emergency nurses working in 12 hospitals in South Korea...
October 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972531/libraries-and-librarians-key-partners-for-progress-in-health-literacy-research-and-practice
#14
Wanda Whitney, Alla Keselman, Betsy Humphreys
The field of librarianship has a history of involvement in patient education, general literacy and information literacy efforts. This history and prominent placement in communities make libraries and librarians an excellent resource in advancing health literacy practice and research. This chapter provides an overview of health literacy and health information literacy efforts in US libraries over the past two decades. The chapter begins with the description of the role of the US National Library of Medicine in developing resources, programs, and partnerships serving health information needs of the public...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890523/nation-wide-implementation-of-disaster-medical-coordinators-in-japan
#15
Shinichi Egawa, Tomomi Suda, Tracey Elizabeth Claire Jones-Konneh, Aya Murakami, Hiroyuki Sasaki
In the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), successful medical and public health coordination by pre-assigned disaster medical coordinators saved many affected people, though the coordination itself had difficulties. This study aims to clarify the implementation and the challenges of disaster medical coordinators in Japan. We performed questionnaire surveillance in 2012 and 2014 to all prefectural government on assignment of disaster medical coordinators, their expected roles and supporting system. Out of all 47 prefectures, assignment or planning of disaster medical coordinators jumped up from four (8...
September 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854997/midwives-professional-competencies-for-preventing-maternal-mortality-in-disasters-a-cross-sectional-study-in-iran
#16
Ziba Taghizadeh, Mahsa Khoshnam Rad, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
OBJECTIVE: Maternal mortality may increase after a disaster. Because midwives are at the frontline of offering reproductive health care services in disasters, they should be competent. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study carried out in 2015 in Tehran. The sample consisted of 361 midwives selected by use of a cluster random sampling method. Data were collected by using a questionnaire on professional competency for preventing maternal mortality in disasters...
August 31, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838329/using-an-education-intervention-to-increase-preparedness-among-pet-owners-results-of-a-pilot-study
#17
Lisa R Baker, Loretta A Cormier, Laura K Vogtle
OBJECTIVES: Households with pets are considered a high-risk population, presenting many challenges to response and recovery efforts. Research indicates that households with pets are less likely to evacuate during disasters, and pets left behind pose a health risk to relief workers and the general public. This pilot study explores a brief education intervention targeting households with pets as a method of increasing general household preparedness, with the purpose of facilitating evacuation and protective behaviors in this population...
August 25, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822215/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#18
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806490/challenges-and-resources-for-nurses-participating-in-a-hurricane-sandy-hospital-evacuation
#19
Nancy VanDevanter, Victoria H Raveis, Christine T Kovner, Meriel McCollum, Ronald Keller
PURPOSE: Weather-related disasters have increased dramatically in recent years. In 2012, severe flooding as a result of Hurricane Sandy necessitated the mid-storm patient evacuation of New York University Langone Medical Center. The purpose of this study was to explore, from the nurses' perspective, what the challenges and resources were to carrying out their responsibilities, and what the implications are for nursing education and preparation for disaster. DESIGN: This mixed-methods study included qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of nurses and an online survey of nurses who participated in the evacuation...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771649/implementing-a-disaster-preparedness-curriculum-for-medical-students
#20
Edward H Jasper, Gregory K Wanner, Dale Berg, Katherine Berg
OBJECTIVES: Training in disaster medicine and preparedness is minimal or absent in the curricula of many medical schools in the United States. Despite a 2003 joint recommendation by the Association of American Medical Colleges and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, few medical schools require disaster training for medical students. The challenges of including disaster training in an already rigorous medical school curriculum are significant. We evaluated medical students' experiences with mandatory disaster training during a 2-year period in a medical university setting...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
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