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gender differences in mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649074/parental-bereavement-in-young-children-living-in-south-africa-and-malawi-understanding-mental-health
#1
A Macedo, L Sherr, M Tomlinson, S Skeen, K J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Parental loss is a major stressful event found to increase risk of mental health problems in childhood. Yet, some children show resilient adaptation in the face of adversity across time. SETTING: This study explores predictors of mental health resilience among parentally bereaved children in South Africa and Malawi, and their cumulative effect. The study also explores whether predictors of resilience differed between orphaned and non-orphaned children...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606076/adapting-disclosure-programs-to-reduce-the-stigma-of-mental-illness
#2
Patrick W Corrigan, Nicolas Rüsch, Katrina Scior
A 2016 report from the National Academy of Sciences describes strategies that reduce the stigma of mental illness. Prominent among these are contact between people with and without mental illness and strategic disclosure for lessening both public and self-stigma. The report also recognizes the complexity of stigma in the realm of psychiatric phenomena. As a socially constructed phenomenon, mental illness stigma intersects with race-ethnicity, gender, age, and sexual orientation to affect ways in which it is perceived and experienced...
April 2, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602856/urban-rural-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-25-74-year-old-adults-of-the-yangon-region-myanmar-two-cross-sectional-studies
#3
Wai Phyo Aung, Aung Soe Htet, Espen Bjertness, Hein Stigum, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong, Marte Karoline Råberg Kjøllesdal
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between urban-rural location and the occurrence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the Yangon Region, and to estimate the proportion of urban and rural participants already diagnosed with DM, and of those, the proportion under treatment and under control. DESIGN: Two cross-sectional studies, using the WHO STEPs methodology. SETTING: The Yangon Region of Myanmar, urban and rural areas. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women, aged 25-74 years, included during the study period from September-November 2013 (urban) and 2014 (rural areas) (n=1372)...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595350/factors-influencing-the-level-of-self-stigmatisation-in-people-with-mental-illness
#4
Lucie Kalisova, Jiri Michalec, Demetra Hadjipapanicolaou, Jiri Raboch
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess sociodemographic factors and factors connected with treatment of mental illness and to decide whether they can influence the level of self-stigma. METHOD: Sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, family status, level of employment, level of education) and characteristics related to illness and treatment (diagnosis, length of treatment, adherence to treatment) were gathered in a group of patients in stable mental condition, without acute symptoms of mental illness...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594965/quality-of-life-in-patients-with-musk-positive-myasthenia-gravis
#5
Milica Stankovic, Stojan Peric, Olivera Stojiljkovic Tamas, Tamara Stankovic, Ana Nikolic, Dragana Lavrnic, Ivana Basta
It is believed that myasthenia gravis (MG) with antibodies to muscle-specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK) is the most severe form of the disease, especially in the first years of the disease. The aim of our study was to investigate quality of life (QoL) in a population of patients with MuSK MG compared to those with MG who have antibodies to acetylcholine receptor (AChR) in their sera. The study group consisted of 35 MuSK MG patients (28 females and 7 males), while the control group included 38 AChR MG patients matched for gender, age, and duration of the disease...
March 28, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589218/mental-health-attitudes-and-beliefs-in-a-community-sample-on-the-central-coast-in-australia-barriers-to-help-seeking
#6
Dominiek Coates, Christine Saleeba, Deborah Howe
There continues to be call for greater community awareness actions and strategies to reduce stigma and enhance mental health literacy nationally and internationally. To identify local barriers to help-seeking and perceptions around stigma, we developed a 'mental health attitudes and beliefs' survey which was administered at a range of community events on the Central Coast in New South Wales, Australia. The aim was for the results of this survey to inform the development of strategies that enhance local help-seeking behaviours that are sensitive to the role of age, gender and Indigenous status...
March 27, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587717/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-receiving-antipsychotics-in-qatar-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study
#7
Samer Hammoudeh, Suhaila Ghuloum, Ziyad Mahfoud, Arij Yehya, Abdulmoneim Abdulhakam, Azza Al-Mujalli, Mahmoud Al-Zirie, Mohamed Osman Abdel Rahman, Angela Godwin, Noura Younes, Yahya Hani, Dennis Mook-Kanamori, Marjonneke Mook-Kanamori, Reem El Sherbiny, Hassen Al-Amin
BACKGROUND: Metabolic abnormalities are common in patients maintained on antipsychotics. These abnormalities increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and mortality in this population. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in subjects maintained on antipsychotics relative to controls in Qatar, and to assess the factors contributing to the development of MetS. METHODS: A cross sectional design was used to collect data and fasting blood samples from subjects maintained on antipsychotics for at least six months (n = 112) and from a control group (n = 114)...
March 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553406/definition-causes-and-consequences-of-hamm-idiom-of-distress-in-arabic-in-the-palestinian-context-a-qualitative-study
#8
Abeer A Nasir, Razan Salah, Abla Sayyed Ahmad, Samah Abu Hijleh, Sa'eed Abu Kattab, Alia Al Kurd, Rawan Al Sharif, Raed Amro, Ahmad Khatib, Hana' Mousa, Walaa Shamasnah, Khammisa Shqerat, Rita Giacaman
BACKGROUND: Hamm is an Arabic word that is used to express suffering. Idioms of distress are communicated differently in different contexts and cultures. Understanding idioms of distress and symptoms can help in diagnosis and lead to socioculturally sensitive health care. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we did semi-structured interviews with men and women of all age groups. Questions focused on the definition, causes, and consequences of Hamm. Responses were analysed by reading and re-reading interview transcripts until themes and subthemes emerged...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549071/exploring-digital-health-use-and-opinions-of-university-students-field-survey-study
#9
Ilaria Montagni, Tanguy Cariou, Tiphaine Feuillet, Emmanuel Langlois, Christophe Tzourio
BACKGROUND: During university, students face some potentially serious health risks, and their lifestyle can have a direct effect on health and health behaviors later in life. Concurrently, university students are digital natives having easy access to the internet and new technologies. Digital health interventions offer promising new opportunities for health promotion, disease prevention, and care in this specific population. The description of the current use of and opinions on digital health among university students can inform future digital health strategies and interventions within university settings...
March 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548500/variations-in-involuntary-admission-rates-at-three-psychiatry-centres-in-the-dublin-involuntary-admission-study-dias-can-the-differences-be-explained
#10
Emmanuel Umama-Agada, Muhammad Asghar, Aoife Curley, Jane Gilhooley, Richard M Duffy, Brendan D Kelly
Involuntary psychiatric admission is an established practice for patients who are acutely or severely mentally ill but the factors contributing to involuntary (as opposed to voluntary) admission are not fully clear. Nor is it clear why rates of involuntary admission often vary between hospitals within the same jurisdiction. We studied all admissions, voluntary and involuntary, in three inpatient psychiatry units in Dublin, Ireland, which cover a population of 552,019 people, over a one-year period (1 July 2014 until 30 June 2015, inclusive), as part of the Dublin Involuntary Admission Study (DIAS)...
March 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534632/prevalence-and-risk-of-violent-ideation-and-behavior-in-serious-mental-illnesses-an-analysis-of-63-572-patient-records
#11
Matthew W Roché, Douglas J Boyle, Chia-Cherng Cheng, Jill Del Pozzo, Lindsay Cherneski, Joe Pascarella, Alicia Lukachko, Steven M Silverstein
Research has consistently demonstrated that people diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI) are at increased risk for violent ideation and behavior (VIB) and that this is especially the case for SMI patients with comorbid substance use disorders (SUD). Despite this, what is still largely unknown is the relative prevalence of VIB across diagnostic categories, whether the rates of VIB in SMI groups exceed the rates observed in people with SUD only, and which demographic factors increase the likelihood of VIB under different circumstances for people with SMI...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509587/cango-lyec-healing-the-elephant-gender-differences-in-hiv-infection-in-post-conflict-northern-uganda
#12
Patricia M Spittal, Samuel S Malamba, Martin D Ogwang, Seggane Musisi, J Paul Ekwaru, Nelson K Sewankambo, Margo E Pearce, Kate Jongbloed, Sheetal H Patel, Achilles Katamba, Alden H Blair, Herbert Muyinda, Martin T Schechter Obc
BACKGROUND: As previously encamped resettle, potential for rapid HIV transmission in post-conflict Northern Uganda is concerning. Women in particular may be experiencing heightened vulnerability resulting from war-related sexual violence. SETTING: Cango Lyec (Healing the Elephant) Project is a cohort involving conflict-affected people in three districts in Northern Uganda. METHODS: Eight randomly selected communities were mapped and a census was conducted...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505378/identifying-gender-minority-patients-health-and-health-care-needs-in-administrative-claims-data
#13
Ana M Progovac, Benjamin Lê Cook, Brian O Mullin, Alex McDowell, Maria Jose Sanchez R, Ye Wang, Timothy B Creedon, Mark A Schuster
Health care utilization patterns for gender minority Medicare beneficiaries (those who are transgender or gender nonbinary people) are largely unknown. We identified gender minority beneficiaries using a diagnosis-code algorithm and compared them to a 5 percent random sample of non-gender minority beneficiaries from the period 2009-14 in terms of mental health and chronic diseases, use of preventive and mental health care, hospitalizations, and emergency department (ED) visits. Gender minority beneficiaries experienced more disability and mental illness...
March 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471427/health-and-work-in-women-and-men-in-the-welding-and-electrical-trades-how-do-they-differ
#14
Nicola Cherry, Victoria Arrandale, Jeremy Beach, Jean-Michel F Galarneau, Antonia Mannette, Laura Rodgers
Objectives: There is little information on how work tasks, demands, and exposures differ between women and men in nominally the same job. This is critical in setting workplace standards that will protect the health of both men and those women moving into less traditional work roles. Information used in setting standards is currently based almost entirely on male workers. This paper describes differences in work and health, and the relation between them, in women and men who have undergone the same trade training for the welding or electrical trades...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469637/mental-illness-in-sweden-1896-1905-reflected-through-case-records-from-a-local-general-hospital
#15
Malin Appelquist, Louise Brådvik, Marie Åsberg
Mental illness in a hospital in a medium-sized town in Sweden was studied. Consecutive case records from 1896 to 1905, and also from 2011, were selected. In the historical sample, neurasthenia was the most common diagnosis, followed by affective disorders and alcohol abuse. ICD-10 diagnoses corresponded well with the historical diagnoses. Melancholia resembled modern criteria for depression. Mania, insania simplex and paranoia indicated more severe illness. Abuse was more common among men and hysteria among women...
February 1, 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458198/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-adult-inflammation-findings-from-the-1958-british-birth-cohort
#16
Mingyi Chen, Rebecca E Lacey
BACKGROUND: The relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and poorer health across the life course is well established. Increased chronic inflammation might be one mechanism through which these associations operate. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between ACE and adult inflammation using a prospective longitudinal study. We also investigated whether associations were explained by life course socioeconomic, psychological and health behavioural factors, and whether associations differed by gender...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455724/adolescent-and-young-adult-male-mental-health-transforming-system-failures-into-proactive-models-of-engagement
#17
REVIEW
Simon M Rice, Rosemary Purcell, Patrick D McGorry
Adolescent and young adult men do poorly on indicators of mental health evidenced by elevated rates of suicide, conduct disorder, substance use, and interpersonal violence relative to their female peers. Data on global health burden clearly demonstrate that young men have a markedly distinct health risk profile from young women, underscoring different prevention and intervention needs. Evidence indicates that boys disconnect from health-care services during adolescence, marking the beginning of a progression of health-care disengagement and associated barriers to care, including presenting to services differently, experiencing an inadequate or poorly attuned clinical response, and needing to overcome pervasive societal attitudes and self-stigma to access available services...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433468/suicide-and-deliberate-self-harm-in-pakistan-a-scoping-review
#18
Sualeha S Shekhani, Shagufta Perveen, Dur-E-Sameen Hashmi, Khawaja Akbar, Sara Bachani, Murad M Khan
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major global public health problem with more than 800,000 incidents worldwide annually. Seventy-five percent of the global suicides occur in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Pakistan is a LMIC where information on suicidal behavior is limited. The aim of the review is to map available literature on determinants, risk factors and other variables of suicidal behavior in Pakistan. METHOD: This study was based on Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework of scoping review, combining peer reviewed publications with grey literature...
February 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432570/insomnia-perchance-a-dream-results-from-a-nrem-rem-sleep-awakening-study-in-good-sleepers-and-patients-with-insomnia
#19
Bernd Feige, Svetoslava Nanovska, Chiara Baglioni, Benedict Bier, Laura Cabrera, Sarah Diemers, Maximilian Quellmalz, Markus Siegel, Ireni Xeni, Andras Szentkiralyi, John-Peter Doerr, Dieter Riemann
Study Objectives: Insomnia disorder (ID) is a frequent sleep disorder coupled with increased risks for somatic and mental illness. While subjective complaints are severe, polysomnography (PSG) parameters show only modest differences between groups. REM sleep as the most aroused sleep state may be especially vulnerable to be perceived as wake. To directly assess possible differences, we determined auditory waking thresholds and sleep perception in ID patients and healthy control subjects (GSC) in N2 and REM sleep...
February 8, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428123/innovations-reviews-and-proposals-on-the-dsm-5-the-case-of-sexual-dysfunctions-gender-dysphoria-and-paraphilic-disorders
#20
Adalberto Campo-Arias, Edwin Herazo
Human behaviours have different meanings according to the historical moment and context. In this article sexual behaviours are taken as a category in order to analyse how psychiatric nosology is structured, as manifested in texts such as the DSM-5. The development of these diagnostic manuals are tools that are far from being free of subjectivities and interference of elements of power, expressed in the way health, illness, mental health, and mental disorders, are assumed; in short, the normal and pathological...
January 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
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