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gender differences in mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273823/suicide-behaviors-in-adult-inpatients-with-mental-disorders-in-beijing-china
#1
Qi Gao, Hua Fan, Fei Di, Xue Xia, Haiying Long, Huiping Zhu
Background: This study examined the tendency and suicidal behavior rates of Chinese adult inpatients with different types of mental disorders from 2010 to 2015. The aim was to provide some interesting clues for further studies. Methods: Adult patients with mental disorders who were hospitalized in Beijing Anding hospital from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2015 were included. Chi-square tests were used to compare the difference among inpatients with mental disorders by gender and year. Frequency, trend and suicidal behavior rates of inpatients with mental disorders were graphed...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272705/the-most-common-factors-hindering-the-independent-functioning-of-the-elderly-at-home-by-age-and-sex
#2
D Talarska, S Kropińska, M Strugała, M Szewczyczak, S Tobis, K Wieczorowska-Tobis
OBJECTIVE: Changes occurring with increased age as well progressive illnesses can negatively affect the independent functioning of older people. The goal of this study was to identify the most common problems that make independent life at home more difficult for the elderly and to try and present their relation with age and gender. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 506 persons over 60 years of age took part in the study. They were residents of Poznań, Poland and surrounding areas...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266257/-burden-of-parents-of-pediatric-cancer-patients-in-pediatric-oncological-rehabilitation
#3
Laura Inhestern, Volker Beierlein, Konstantin A Krauth, Ursula Rolfes, Thomas Schulte, Dieter Berger, Uwe Koch, Corinna Bergelt
Burden of Parents of Pediatric Cancer Patients in Pediatric-oncological Rehabilitation All family members experience high burden in case of paediatric cancer. Family-oriented rehabilitation (FOR) aims to improve the physical and mental situation of the families. We investigated anxiety and depression (HADS) and cancer-related burden of parents (n = 69) before and after FOR and analysed its association with quality of life of the ill children. At beginning of FOR 70 % of the parents showed moderate to high anxiety scores and 47 % moderate to high depression scores...
March 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252431/-features-of-arterial-hypertension-in-the-working-population
#4
G Mershenova, M Kossybayeva, B Chancharov, B Mirzayeva, K Amangeldiyeva
Purpose of the research was to study clinical features of arterial hypertension in the working population in Karaganda. The number of participants (500 patients): base group (250 patients) and control group (250 patients). The criteria for inclusion (age and gender characteristics, diseases/conditions and etc): age from 18 to 63 years; presence of arterial hypertension 1, 2 and 3 grades; possibility to measure the arterial pressure in dynamic; patients, who agreed to participate in the research work (the existence of informed consent)...
January 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215469/depression-and-implicit-emotion-processing-an-eeg-study
#5
Andrey V Bocharov, Gennady G Knyazev, Alexander N Savostyanov
OBJECTIVES: Depression is one of the most prevalent mental illnesses and is associated with changes in emotion processing. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of depressive symptoms on EEG oscillatory dynamics accompanying implicit processing of angry and happy facial expressions in 46 healthy subjects. METHODS: The Beck Depression Inventory was used to assess the presence of depressive symptoms in normal subjects. During the experiment, they were told to categorize the gender of angry, neutral, or happy faces presented to them, while high-resolution EEG was recorded...
February 16, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197001/perceived-stigma-of-mental-illness-a-comparison-between-two-metropolitan-cities-in-india
#6
Aron Zieger, Aditya Mungee, Georg Schomerus, Thi Minh Tam Ta, Michael Dettling, Matthias C Angermeyer, Eric Hahn
PURPOSE: An increasing number of comparative studies are conducted on the stigmatization of persons with mental illness, in particular with regard to regional and diachronic variation. So far, there have been no studies comparing stigmatization of persons with mental illness in two different regions of India. Therefore, we examined the differences in perception of stigma attached to mental illnesses in Kolkata and Chennai, with regard to cultural and geographical differences to better understand the roots and origins of this issue...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124806/-unladylike-commotion-early-feminism-and-nursing-s-role-in-gender-trans-dialogue
#7
Marsha D Fowler
From nursing's history comes the impetus and grounding for our current voice in gender/trans dialogue. Modern nursing struggled its way into being against restrictive, unjust, and oppressive social structures. Many of the obstructions and constraints that nurses and nursing leaders faced were shared by the general populace of women, and yet nurses were different from other women. Nurses worked outside the home, caring for strangers, including unrelated men, in a period when women were otherwise confined to the home...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090667/children-and-young-people-s-conceptualizations-of-depression-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-meta-synthesis
#8
REVIEW
N Georgakakou-Koutsonikou, J M Williams
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing research interest in conceptualizations of mental illness, examined in association with help-seeking, stigma and treatment preferences. A recent focus on young people's concepts has been identified, with depression being one of the most examined conditions. METHODS: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize evidence on children and adolescents' conceptualizations of depression, adopting the model of illness representations...
January 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981413/evaluating-the-impact-of-an-anti-stigma-intervention-on-pharmacy-students-willingness-to-counsel-people-living-with-mental-illness
#9
Benita A Bamgbade, Jamie C Barner, Kentya H Ford
Third-year pharmacy students (n = 88) participated in an anti-stigma intervention program consisting of presentations, videos, discussion and active-learning exercises. Willingness to counsel (WTC) people with mental illness (MI) was evaluated using immediate pre and post-tests comparing diabetes, depression and schizophrenia. At pre-test, WTC diabetes was highest (higher = increased WTC) while schizophrenia was the lowest. There were no statistically significant differences between pre/post-test WTC for diabetes and depression, while schizophrenia WTC increased significantly (p < 0...
December 15, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977388/general-practitioner-management-of-chronic-diseases-in-adults-with-severe-mental-illness-a-community-intervention-trial
#10
Cate M Cameron, Cate M Cameron, Jose Cumsille Nazar, Jose Cumsille Nazar, Carolyn Ehrlich, Carolyn Ehrlich, Elizabeth Kendall, Elizabeth Kendall, David Crompton, David Crompton, Ann Maree Liddy, Ann Maree Liddy, Steve Kisely, Steve Kisely
Objective The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of a community intervention aimed at general practitioners (GPs) by comparing Medicare claims data from patients with severe mental illness (SMI) of GPs exposed to the intervention and controls that were not.Methods A comparison was made of primary care consultation and pathology data of people with SMI from intervention and control areas. Negative binomial regression models were used to compare the frequency and length of GP consultations, as well as the number and type of pathology examinations...
December 16, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933018/a-study-of-the-coupling-of-fet-temperament-traits-with-major-depression
#11
Irina N Trofimova, William Sulis
Objective: Temperament and mental illness have been linked to the same systems of behavioral regulation. A temperament model, carefully structured to respond to subtle differences within systems of behavior regulation, should exhibit distinct temperament patterns in the presence of mental illness. Previous comparisons of temperament profiles in mental disorders used mostly emotionality-related traits. In contrast, the Functional Ensemble of Temperament (FET) model differentiates not only between emotionality traits, but also between traits related to physical, verbal, and mental aspects of behavior and maps 12 functional aspects of behavior to temperament traits as well as to symptoms of mental illnesses...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919303/mental-illness-stigma-and-suicidality-the-role-of-public-and-individual-stigma
#12
N Oexle, T Waldmann, T Staiger, Z Xu, N Rüsch
AIMS: Suicide rates are increased among unemployed individuals and mental illness stigma can contribute to both unemployment and suicidality. Persons with mental illness perceive negative attitudes among the general public and experience discrimination in their everyday life (=public stigma components) potentially leading to self-stigma and anticipated discrimination (=individual stigma components). Previous research found evidence for an association between aspects of mental illness stigma and suicidality, but has not yet clarified the underlying pathways explaining how different stigma components interact and contribute to suicidal ideation...
December 6, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917449/study-of-blood-exposure-related-mental-health-illness-among-clinical-nurses
#13
Xiaojia Xiong, Min Li, Yongliang Jiang, Xindeng Tong, Yanzhong Peng
Nurses are subjected to high amount of stress in the medical setting, and work-related stress often leads to mental problems. This study aims to investigate the mental health status of nurses exposed to blood through needlestick injuries. A total of 302 nurses working in the hospital of Guangdong, China, participated in this study. Out of the 302 nurses, 140 did not experience any needlestick injuries during the previous week, whereas 162 nurses experienced needlestick injuries. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)-28 Standardized Questionnaire, which uses physical, anxiety, social function, and depression subscales, was used in this study...
December 5, 2016: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881965/fundamental-role-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-677-c%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-t-genotype-and-flavin-compounds-in-biochemical-phenotypes-for-schizophrenia-and-schizoaffective-psychosis
#14
Stephanie Fryar-Williams
The Mental Health Biomarker Project (2010-2016) explored variables for psychosis in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Blood samples from 67, highly characterized symptomatic cases and 67 gender and age matched control participants were analyzed for methyl tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C → T gene variants and for vitamin B6, B12 and D, folate, unbound copper, zinc cofactors for enzymes in the methylation cycle, and related catecholamine pathways. Urine samples were analyzed for indole-catecholamines, their metabolites, and oxidative-stress marker, hydroxylpyrolline-2-one (HPL)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864252/predictors-of-care-home-and-hospital-admissions-and-their-costs-for-older-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-findings-from-a-large-london-case-register
#15
Martin Knapp, Kia-Chong Chua, Matthew Broadbent, Chin-Kuo Chang, Jose-Luis Fernandez, Dominique Milea, Renee Romeo, Simon Lovestone, Michael Spencer, Gwilym Thompson, Robert Stewart, Richard D Hayes
OBJECTIVES: To examine links between clinical and other characteristics of people with Alzheimer's disease living in the community, likelihood of care home or hospital admission, and associated costs. DESIGN: Observational data extracted from clinical records using natural language processing and Hospital Episode Statistics. Statistical analyses examined effects of cognition, physical health, mental health, sociodemographic factors and living circumstances on risk of admission to care home or hospital over 6 months and associated costs, adjusting for repeated observations...
November 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863524/positive-mental-health-in-outpatients-comparison-within-diagnostic-groups
#16
Rajeswari Sambasivam, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Edimansyah Abdin, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Shirlene Pang, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Positive mental health (PMH) supplements the definition of mental health which is not just the mere absence of mental illness. It encompasses an individual's social, emotional and psychological well-being. This cross-sectional study examines the PMH levels in a multi-ethnic outpatient population and the socio-demographic correlates of PMH across the various diagnostic groups. In addition comparisons with the general population were conducted. METHODS: Outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum, depressive or anxiety disorders seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric care hospital were included in the study sample...
November 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852335/suicide-in-older-adults-a-comparison-with-middle-aged-adults-using-the-queensland-suicide-register
#17
Yu Wen Koo, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: Globally, suicide rates increase with age, being highest in older adults. This study analyzed differences in suicides in older adults (65 years and over) compared to middle-aged adults (35-64 years) in Queensland, Australia, during the years 2000-2012. METHODS: The Queensland Suicide Register was utilized for the analysis. Annual suicide rates were calculated by gender and age group, and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were examined. RESULTS: In Queensland, the average annual rate of suicides for older adults was 15...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794251/obesity-and-obstetric-complications-are-associated-with-rapid-cycling-in-italian-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#18
Massimiliano Buoli, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Alice Caldiroli, Greta Silvia Carnevali, Marta Serati, Trisha Suppes, Terence A Ketter, A Carlo Altamura
BACKGROUND: Rapid cycling (RC) worsens the course of bipolar disorder (BD) being associated with poor response to pharmacotherapy. Previous studies identified clinical variables potentially associated with RCBD: however, in many cases, results were discordant or unreplicated. The present study was aimed to compare clinical variables between RC and non RC bipolar patients and to identify related risk factors. METHODS: A sample of 238 bipolar patients was enrolled from 3 different community mental health centers...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780491/association-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-lifetime-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-among-men-and-women-aged-50-years
#19
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti, Bryan Y Choi
BACKGROUND: Given growing numbers of older adults with mental and substance use disorders (MSUDs), this study examined the association between ten types of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and lifetime MSUDs among those aged 50+. METHODS: Data (N = 14,738 for the 50+ age group) came from the 2012 to 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Using multivariable binary logistic regression analyses, we examined relationships between ten ACEs and six lifetime MSUDs (major depressive disorder (MDD) and anxiety, post-traumatic stress, alcohol use, drug use, and nicotine use disorders)...
October 26, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776389/arterial-stiffness-in-patients-taking-second-generation-antipsychotics
#20
Ebru Fındıklı, Mustafa Gökçe, Vedat Nacitarhan, Mehmet Akif Camkurt, Hüseyin Avni Fındıklı, Selçuk Kardaş, Merve Coşgun Şahin, Mehmet Fatih Karaaslan
Objective: That treatment with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) causes metabolic side effects and atherosclerosis in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BD) is well-known. Increased arterial stiffness is an important marker of arteriosclerosis and has been identified as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. We measured pulse wave velocity (PWV) as a marker of arteriosclerosis in patients with schizophrenia and BD who use SGAs. Methods: Patients and controls were collected from our psychiatry outpatient clinics or family medicine...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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