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gender differences in mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686572/adolescent-suicide-as-a-global-public-health-issue
#1
Zebib K Abraham, Leo Sher
Youth suicide is a major global mental health problem. This review looks at the epidemiology, risk and protective factors associated with youth suicide, and global strategies to address this important issue. To better understand factors contributing to youth suicide, global gender differences in suicide were examined. Global rates of suicide amongst young men are higher than young women. However, there are anomalously higher rates of female youth suicide in India and China, and possible causes of this are examined further...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647819/the-italian-version-of-the-opening-minds-stigma-scale-for-healthcare-providers-validation-and-study-on-a-sample-of-bachelor-students
#2
Anne Destrebecq, Paolo Ferrara, Luca Frattini, Francesco Pittella, Gemma Rossano, Giuseppe Striano, Stefano Terzoni, Orsola Gambini
Prejudices on psychiatric disorders frequently turn into stigmatizating attitudes, also among health care providers. The Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) was introduced in 2012 to measure stigma. No Italian versions of this tool exist so far. We wanted to investigate stigma among healthcare students in Italy, and to prepare an Italian version of the scale. A multicentric, cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of Nursing, Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, and Dietistics students...
June 24, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645961/cognitive-screening-and-behavioural-observation-of-functional-ability-in-patients-with-multiple-episode-schizophrenia-an-exploratory-study
#3
Eva Norlin Bagge, Eva Esbjörnsson, Katharina S Sunnerhagen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usability of a neuropsychological screening instrument and two observation scales of everyday behaviour to describe cognitive and functional capacity of patients with multiepisode schizophrenia and considerable care needs, who frequently refuse to participate in cognitive testing or performance-based functional measurement. SETTING: One psychiatric unit specialised in severe mental illness at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642720/depressive-symptomatology-among-norwegian-adolescent-boys-and-girls-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-phq-9-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#4
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Geir S Brunborg
This study explored the potential contribution of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)-based Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) instrument to the developmental epidemiology research in Norway, by examining depressive symptoms in a school sample of adolescents (N = 846). The average PHQ-9 scores were 6.89 (SD = 5.13) for girls, and 4.57 (SD = 3.98) for boys; 8.5% of girls and 2.6% of boys were classified into the originally proposed categories indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; PHQ-9 scores ≥ 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623911/moderate-mental-illness-as-a-predictor-of-chronic-disease-prevention-and-screening
#5
Ginetta Salvalaggio, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Eva Grunfeld, Donna Manca
BACKGROUND: Primary care plays a pivotal role in the provision of both mental health care and chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS). Unfortunately, moderate mental illness (MMI) is associated with poorer general health outcomes. Part of this burden of illness may be due to reduced CDPS uptake. The Building on the Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention in Primary Care (BETTER) trial recruited 777 participants ages 40-65 from 32 family practice panels, of whom 135 (18...
June 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615757/an-audit-of-indian-health-insurance-claims-for-mental-illness-from-pooled-insurance-information-bureau-s-macroindicator-data
#6
Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss, Rooban Thavarajah
INTRODUCTION: Information on the social and voluntary insurance coverage of mental illness in India is scarce. We attempted to address this lacuna, utilizing a secondary macrodata approach for 3 years. Mental illness per se is not covered by most of existing Indian health insurance policies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Publicly available de-identified claim macrodata for all health (nonlife) insurance for Indian financial year from 2011-2012 to 2013-2014 were collected...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609311/gender-differences-of-stressful-life-events-coping-style-symptom-severity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#7
Ji Eun Kim, In Han Song, Sang-Hyuk Lee
Although affective disorders have been known to have sex differences in the associated clinical characteristics and quality of life (QOL), sex differences among patients with panic disorder (PD) have remained relatively unexplored in Korea. We examined the sex differences in different types of stressful life events (SLEs), coping styles, symptom severity, and health-related QOL (HRQOL) in patients with PD. Data from 291 female and 254 male participants diagnosed with PD were analyzed using a structured clinical interview following the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition criteria...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600490/treating-tobacco-dependence-guidance-for-primary-care-on-life-saving-interventions-position-statement-of-the-ipcrg
#8
O C P Van Schayck, S Williams, V Barchilon, N Baxter, M Jawad, P A Katsaounou, B J Kirenga, C Panaitescu, K W I G Tsiligianni, N Zwar, A Ostrem
Tobacco smoking is the world's leading cause of premature death and disability. Global targets to reduce premature deaths by 25% by 2025 will require a substantial increase in the number of smokers making a quit attempt, and a significant improvement in the success rates of those attempts in low, middle and high income countries. In many countries the only place where the majority of smokers can access support to quit is primary care. There is strong evidence of cost-effective interventions in primary care yet many opportunities to put these into practice are missed...
June 9, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599749/statin-prescribing-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-amongst-people-with-severe-mental-illness-cohort-study-in-uk-primary-care
#9
R Blackburn, D Osborn, K Walters, I Nazareth, I Petersen
BACKGROUND: Severe mental illness (SMI) is associated with excess cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity, but little is known on provision of preventative interventions. We investigated statin initiation for primary CVD prevention in individuals with and without SMI. METHODS: We used primary care data from The Health Improvement Network from 2006 to 2015 for UK patients aged 30-99years with no pre-existing CVD conditions and selected individuals with schizophrenia (n=13,252) or bipolar disorder (n=11,994)...
June 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585665/perceived-stress-in-family-caregivers-of-individuals-with-mental-illness
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rami Masa'Deh
The current study aimed to measure the stress levels of family caregivers of individuals with mental illness and compare their stress levels according to the diagnosis and other sociodemographic characteristics. The sample comprised 310 family caregivers of individuals with mental illness in Jordan. Family caregivers completed a demographic checklist and the Arabic version of the Perceived Stress Scale 10-Item (PSS-10) questionnaire. A significant difference was found in PSS-10 levels among family caregivers according to gender, diagnosis of their family member, and time since diagnosis...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572731/understanding-the-associations-between-psychosocial-factors-and-severity-of-crime-in-juvenile-delinquency-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Sarper Taşkıran, Tuba Mutluer, Ali Evren Tufan, Bengi Semerci
PURPOSE: Juvenile delinquency is a serious and common problem. To date, several studies have focused on possible psychosocial risk factors for delinquency among youths and on the implications of childhood mental illness on child criminality. However, the literature on prevalence of psychopathology and predictors of crime severity among delinquent youths in Turkey is sparse. Therefore, the aim of this study was to show the associations between crime severity and psychosocial factors such as gender, age, criminal history, concomitant attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other comorbid psychiatric conditions, along with behavioral problem domains of Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560947/food-security-among-individuals-experiencing-homelessness-and-mental-illness-in-the-at-home-chez-soi-trial
#12
Patricia O'Campo, Stephen W Hwang, Agnes Gozdzik, Andrée Schuler, Vered Kaufman-Shriqui, Daniel Poremski, Luis Ivan Palma Lazgare, Jino Distasio, Slimane Belbraouet, Sindi Addorisio
OBJECTIVE: Individuals experiencing homelessness are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. The At Home/Chez Soi study provides a unique opportunity to first examine baseline levels of food security among homeless individuals with mental illness and second to evaluate the effect of a Housing First (HF) intervention on food security in this population. DESIGN: At Home/Chez Soi was a 2-year randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of HF compared with usual care among homeless adults with mental illness, stratified by level of need for mental health services (high or moderate)...
May 31, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558774/gender-based-disparities-in-the-impact-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-adult-health-findings-from-a-national-study-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#13
Maha Almuneef, Nathalie ElChoueiry, Hassan N Saleheen, Majid Al-Eissa
BACKGROUND: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) have been linked to an increased risk of health and social problems throughout life. Studies on gender differences from developing countries are scarce. In this paper, we will examine gender variations in the types of reported ACEs and gender-specific relationships between cumulative ACEs and physical and mental health, and Risky Health Behaviors (RHB) in adulthood in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: A cross sectional national study was conducted in all of the 13 regions in KSA in 2013 using the ACE- International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ)...
May 30, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558670/retirement-and-mental-health-dose-social-participation-mitigate-the-association-a-fixed-effects-longitudinal-analysis
#14
Koichiro Shiba, Naoki Kondo, Katsunori Kondo, Ichiro Kawachi
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence investigating heterogeneous impact of retirement on mental health depending on social backgrounds is lacking, especially among older adults. METHODS: We examined the impact of changes in working status on changes in mental health using Japanese community-dwelling adults aged ≥65 years participating in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study between 2010 and 2013 (N = 62,438). Between-waves changes in working status ("Kept working", "Retired", "Started work", or "Continuously retired") were used to predict changes in depressive symptoms measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552881/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-associated-factors-in-patients-with-mental-disorders-treated-in-routine-practice
#15
Svetlana Ristic, Sandra Zivanovic, Dragan R Milovanovic, Vladimir Janjic, Danijela Djokovic, Ana Jovicevic, Marijana Stanojevic Pirkovic, Sanja Kocic
This research aimed to investigate factors associated with vitamin D deficiency and to provide data about its prevalence in patients suffering from different psychiatric illnesses. The study had a cross-sectional design and it included 220 patients of both genders, aged from 19-81 y, with a wide range of mental disorders (F00-F89), and treated in routine ambulatory and hospital practice. The researchers collected data from three sources: medical records, a study questionnaire and biochemical analysis of patients' serum samples (concentration of vitamin D measured as 25(OH)D, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and potassium)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550755/sedentary-behaviour-patterns-in-outpatients-with-severe-mental-illness-a-cross-sectional-study-using-objective-and-self-reported-methods-the-psychiactive-project
#16
Javier Bueno-Antequera, Miguel Ángel Oviedo-Caro, Diego Munguia-Izquierdo
This study aimed to quantify and compare sedentary behaviour patterns in patients with severe mental illness as stratified by gender, age, body mass index, distress, illness duration and antipsychotic medication using both objective and self-reported methods. Sedentary behaviour patterns were measured in 90 outpatients (mean age±SD: 41.6±9.2 years, 20% women) with severe mental illness (primarily schizophrenia, n=63) using the SenseWear Armband and the Sedentary Behaviour Questionnaire. They spent 58% of waking time sedentary, primarily watching television...
May 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545785/somatization-among-persons-with-turkish-origin-results-of-the-pretest-of-the-german-national-cohort-study
#17
Eva Morawa, Nico Dragano, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Susanne Moebus, Tilman Brand, Yesim Erim
OBJECTIVE: Despite the emerging need to examine mental health of immigrants, there are no investigations designed to analyze representative samples in Germany. The aim of the present study was to explore the severity of somatic symptoms/somatization among a sample of considerable size consisting of persons with Turkish origin. We studied whether somatization was associated with sociodemographic and migration-related characteristics. METHODS: This examination was part of a pretest for a large national epidemiological cohort study in Germany...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538794/gender-differences-and-psychotropic-polypharmacy-in-psychiatric-patients-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-pessoas-project
#18
Juliana de Oliveira Costa, Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato, Ana Paula Souto Melo, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
We aimed to estimate the prevalence and correlates of psychotropic polypharmacy in Brazilian psychiatric patients by gender. Sociodemographic, behavioral and clinical data were obtained through face-to-face interviews and medical charts of 2,475 patients. Psychotropic polypharmacy was defined as the use of two or more psychotropic drugs and occurred in 85.7% of men (95%CI: 83.6%-87.6%) and 84.9% of women (95%CI: 82.8%-86.8%; p > 0.05). The mean number of psychotropic drugs/patient was 2.98 ± 1.23 and most common combinations included antipsychotics...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533684/stigma-associated-with-mental-illness-perspectives-of-university-students-in-qatar
#19
Monica Zolezzi, Nawal Bensmail, Farah Zahrah, Salma Mawfek Khaled, Tayseer El-Gaili
BACKGROUND: Stigma in relation to mental illness is one of the main factors inhibiting people from seeking help. Studies have been undertaken looking into the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB) about mental illness among residents in Qatar; however, none have looked specifically at students in higher education. The aim of this study was to understand the KAB toward mental illness among students at a Qatari university and determine if there are any differences based on gender, nationality, and college type...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529368/what-they-think-of-us-a-study-of-teaching-medical-specialists-attitude-towards-psychiatry-in-india
#20
Suravi Patra, Binod Kumar Patro
CONTEXT: Attitudes of teaching medical specialists are important in shaping medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry. Data on attitudes of teaching medical specialists of India toward psychiatry are limited. AIMS: The aim was to study the attitude of teaching medical specialists of an academic medical center in East India toward psychiatry. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered attitude toward psychiatry-30 (ATP 30) scale to teaching medical specialists of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, based on convenience sampling...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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