keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

gender differences in mental illness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920636/quality-of-life-in-parents-of-children-born-with-esophageal-atresia
#1
Stefanie Witt, Michaela Dellenmark-Blom, Jens Dingemann, Carmen Dingemann, Benno M Ure, Barbara Gomez, Monika Bullinger, Julia Quitmann
INTRODUCTION:  For parents of chronically ill children, the experiences of caregiving are challenged by increased demands and restrictions imposed by their child's disease. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the quality of life (QoL) in parents of children born with esophageal atresia (EA) and to explore associated factors. METHODS:  Parents of children (2-17 years) with EA recruited from two German pediatric hospitals participated in this cross-sectional study about QoL in EA...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917086/frostbite-versus-burns-increased-cost-of-care-and-use-of-hospital-resources
#2
Rachel M Nygaard, Frederick W Endorf
Numerous demographic, socioeconomic, and injury factors influence a burn patient's hospital course. Compared to the typical burn patient, frostbite injury frequently impacts those with high rates of mental illness, substance abuse, and those suffering homelessness. Our aim was to examine differences in the hospital course of frostbite patients compared to those with burns limited to the hands and feet. Patients with frostbite injury and those with isolated hand and/or foot burns were identified in the National Burn Repository...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914430/injuries-prior-and-subsequent-to-index-poisoning-with-medication-among-adolescents-a-national-study-based-on-norwegian-patient-registry
#3
Ping Qin, Shihua Sun, Anne Seljenes Bøe, Barbara Stanley, Lars Mehlum
BACKGROUND: Adolescents treated for self-poisoning with medication have a high prevalence of mental health problems and constitute a high-risk population for self-harm repetition. However, little is known about whether this population is also prone to injuries of other forms. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Norwegian Patient Registry to include all incidents of treated injuries in adolescents aged 10-19 years who were treated for self-poisoning with medication during 2008-2011...
June 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898588/role-of-rehabilitation-in-the-elderly-after-an-acute-event-insights-from-a-real-life-prospective-study-in-the-sub-acute-care-setting
#4
Gianluigi Galizia, Giulio Balestrieri, Beatrice De Maria, Cinzia La Storia, Mauro Monelli, Stefano Salvaderi, Giuseppe Romanelli, Laura A Dalla Vecchia
BACKGROUND: Any acute event, either primary or secondary to a chronic disease, is generally followed by some degree of physical impairment. The Sub-Acute Care (SAC) represents one of the inpatient intermediate care settings aimed at completing recovery and restoring functional capacity. Debate exists on the role of the rehabilitation treatment in the SAC setting. AIM: To compare the outcomes of patients managed in two different SAC Units where A) patients undergo an individualized rehabilitation program on top of optimal medical therapy (OMT) B) patients receive OMT only...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898193/gender-related-dimensions-of-childhood-adversities-in-the-general-population
#5
Bruno M Coêlho, Geilson L Santana, Maria C Viana, Laura H Andrade, Yuan-Pang Wang
OBJECTIVE: Childhood adversities (CAs) comprise a group of negative experiences individuals may suffer in their lifetimes. The goal of the present study was to investigate the cluster discrimination of CAs through psychometric determination of the common attributes of such experiences for men and women. METHODS: Parental mental illness, substance misuse, criminality, death, divorce, other parental loss, family violence, physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, physical illness, and economic adversity were assessed in a general-population sample (n=5,037)...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885607/depressive-and-trauma-symptoms-in-expectant-risk-exposed-mothers-and-fathers-is-mindfulness-a-buffer
#6
Laurel M Hicks, Carolyn J Dayton, Bryan G Victor
BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression is reported in 15-20% of women (Marcus, 2009), 8-16% of men (Paulson and Bazemore, 2010) and low-SES, diverse populations are particularly at risk (Sareen, 2011). Trauma symptoms are commonly comorbid with depression, especially when individuals are exposed to risk factors such as community violence and poverty (Kastello et al., 2015; WenzGross et al., 2016). Parental mental illness places infants at risk for negative outcomes (Junge et al., 2016). Evidence supports that dispositional mindfulness is linked to mental health in many populations, however, a gap lies in the understanding of the relationship between mindfulness, trauma and depression in risk-exposed, pregnant populations, especially with fathers...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872304/mothers-and-fathers-of-children-with-epilepsy-gender-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-and-correlations-with-mood-spectrum-symptoms
#7
Claudia Carmassi, Martina Corsi, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Barbara Carpita, Camilla Gesi, Virginia Pedrinelli, Gabriele Massimetti, Diego Giampietro Peroni, Alice Bonuccelli, Alessandro Orsini, Liliana Dell'Osso
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and post-traumatic stress spectrum have been recently applied to understand the impact of life-threatening disease or injury in one's child; nevertheless, scant data are available on a particular chronic illness such as epilepsy whose phenotypic expression is seizures, which are acute, sudden, and unpredictable manifestations. Subjects with bipolar disorders or with mood spectrum symptoms demonstrated to be more vulnerable to develop PTSD in the aftermath of a trauma...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843534/racial-ethnic-differences-in-correlates-of-psychological-distress-among-five-asian-american-subgroups-and-non-hispanic-whites
#8
Hyunjeong Park, Eunsuk Choi, Jennifer A Wenzel
OBJECTIVE: Despite their vastly different historical backgrounds, unique languages and variable pre- and post-immigration experiences, Asian-Americans are considered to share stressors surrounding immigration, but there is a gap in describing manifestations of possible mental distress. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore and compare differences in factors associated with psychological distress among Asian subgroups including Chinese, Filipino, Vietnamese, Korean, Japanese, and non-Hispanic Whites...
May 29, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843000/gender-differences-in-schizophrenia-a-multicentric-study-from-three-latin-america-countries
#9
Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Guillaume Fond, Alfonso Urzúa, Laurent Boyer
This study was aimed to explore clinical differences between women and men with schizophrenia (SZ) in Latin-America. It was conducted in public mental health centers in Bolivia, Peru and Chile. Two hundred forty-seven SZ patients participated in the study, 83 (33.6%) were women and 115 (46.6%) were Aymara. Compared to men, SZ women had slightly lower negative symptoms, reported slightly less social cognitive impairments, lower Family Relationships scores and higher Sentimental Life scores, independently of marital status, illness duration, age at illness onset and type of mental health treatment...
May 26, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797753/the-impact-of-stress-on-sleep-pathogenic-sleep-reactivity-as-a-vulnerability-to-insomnia-and-circadian-disorders
#10
REVIEW
David A Kalmbach, Jason R Anderson, Christopher L Drake
Sleep reactivity is the trait-like degree to which stress exposure disrupts sleep, resulting in difficulty falling and staying asleep. Individuals with highly reactive sleep systems experience drastic deterioration of sleep when stressed, whereas those with low sleep reactivity proceed largely unperturbed during stress. Research shows that genetics, familial history of insomnia, female gender and environmental stress influence how the sleep system responds to stress. Further work has identified neurobiological underpinnings for sleep reactivity involving disrupted cortical networks and dysregulation in the autonomic nervous system and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797228/assessment-and-clinical-implications-of-cognitive-impairment-in-acutely-ill-geriatric-patients-using-a-revised-simplified-short-term-memory-recall-test-stmt-r
#11
Hiroshi Yamamoto, Kenichi Ogawa, Henry Huaman Battifora, Kaori Yamamuro, Tatsuya Ishitake
BACKGROUND: Cognitive dysfunction due to delirium or dementia is a common finding in acutely ill geriatric patients, but often remains undetected. A brief and sensitive clinical identification method could prevent errors or complications while evaluating the mental status of elderly patients. AIMS: To evaluate the usefulness and clinical implications of the revised simplified short-term memory recall test (STMT-R) in geriatric patients admitted in the emergency department; with age, gender, dementia history, serum albumin, underlying diseases and clinical outcome used as comparative factors...
May 24, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797176/sf-6d-population-norms-for-the-hong-kong-chinese-general-population
#12
Carlos K H Wong, Brendan Mulhern, Garvin H L Cheng, Cindy L K Lam
PURPOSE: To estimate population norms for the SF-6D health preference (utility) scores derived from the MOS SF-36 version 1 (SF-36v1), SF-36 version 2 (SF-36v2), and (SF-12v2) health surveys collected from a representative adult sample in Hong Kong, and to assess differences in SF-6D scores across sociodemographic subgroups. METHODS: A random telephone survey of 2410 Chinese adults was conducted. All respondents completed questionnaires on sociodemographics and presence of chronic diseases (hypertension, diabetes, chronic rheumatism, chronic lung diseases, stroke, and mental illness), and the short-form 36-item health survey (SF-36) version 1, and selected items of the SF-36v2 that were different from those of SF-36v1...
May 24, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779417/constipation-in-the-elderly-from-northern-sardinia-is-positively-associated-with-depression-malnutrition-and-female-gender
#13
Maria Pina Dore, Giovanni Mario Pes, Stefano Bibbò, Patrizia Tedde, Gabrio Bassotti
OBJECTIVES: Constipation is a common complaint in older adults. The rise in life expectancy may amplify the problem and increase social expenditure. We investigated the major risk factors associated with constipation in a large sample of elderly. METHODS: Outpatients from Northern Sardinia attending a Geriatric Unit between 2001 and 2014 were enrolled. Demographic and anthropometric data, income, education and self-reported bowel function were collected. The presence of constipation was adjusted for cognitive status, assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) test; single and cumulative illness rating scale (CIRS); current or past symptomatic depression and anxiety measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS); nutritional status, evaluated using the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA); type and number of different medications used...
May 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774806/associations-between-childhood-learning-disabilities-and-adult-age-mental-health-problems-lack-of-education-and-unemployment
#14
Tuija Aro, Kenneth Eklund, Anna-Kaija Eloranta, Vesa Närhi, Elisa Korhonen, Timo Ahonen
We studied the impact of diverse subtypes of learning disabilities (LD) on adult-age mental health, education, and employment by comparing the LD group ( n = 430) with a matched control group without a known history of LD ( n = 2,149). The clinical archived data were merged with lifelong register data on sickness allowances/disability pensions granted on the basis of psychiatric illnesses, reimbursements for psychoactive medication, having a degree after compulsory education, and having received unemployment allowances...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759034/motives-offending-behavior-and-gender-differences-in-murder-perpetrators-with-or-without-psychosis
#15
Henning Hachtel, Margaret Nixon, Debra Bennett, Paul Mullen, James Ogloff
Little is known whether differences exist in motivation and reactive/instrumental offense behaviors between murder offenders with and without psychotic disorder. To contribute to better prevention strategies, the aim of this study was to investigate offense characteristics in murder offenders with a psychotic, nonpsychotic or no psychiatric diagnosis, and whether these factors differ according to sex. This data study examined the population of murder offenders between 1997 and 2005 ( N = 435) in Victoria, Australia...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755578/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-gender-difference-in-epidemiology-of-hiv-hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-infections-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#16
REVIEW
Getinet Ayano, Mikiyas Tulu, Kibrom Haile, Dawit Assefa, Yodit Habtamu, Gebresilassie Araya, Zegeye Yohannis
Background: People with severe mental disorders (SMDs) are associated with increased risk of infectious disease including human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) and hepatitis viruses, such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and other types of hepatitis viruses because of high-risk behaviors compared to the general population. The prevalence of HIV in people with SMDs is higher in females than in males. Unlike HIV, the prevalence of HBV and HCV is higher in males than in females...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745531/-hippocampal-subfield-volume-alteration-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#17
Lu Lu, Lianqing Zhang, Xinyu Hu, Xiaoxiao Hu, Lingjiang Li, Qiyong Gong, Xiaoqi Huang
In the current study, we aim to investigate whether post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with structural alterations in specific subfields of hippocampus comparing with trauma-exposed control (TC) in a relatively large sample. We included 67 PTSD patients who were diagnosed under Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th Edition) (DSM-Ⅳ) criteria and 78 age- and sex-matched non-PTSD adult survivors who experienced similar stressors. High resolution T1 weighted images were obtained via a GE 3...
April 1, 2018: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736059/perceived-stigmatization-and-discrimination-of-people-with-mental-illness-a-survey-based-study-of-the-general-population-in-five-metropolitan-cities-in-india
#18
Kerem Böge, Aron Zieger, Aditya Mungee, Abhinav Tandon, Lukas Marian Fuchs, Georg Schomerus, Thi Minh Tam Ta, Michael Dettling, Malek Bajbouj, Matthias Angermeyer, Eric Hahn
Background: India faces a significant gap between the prevalence of mental illness among the population and the availability and effectiveness of mental health care in providing adequate treatment. This discrepancy results in structural stigma toward mental illness which in turn is one of the main reasons for a persistence of the treatment gap, whereas societal factors such as religion, education, and family structures play critical roles. This survey-based study investigates perceived stigma toward mental illness in five metropolitan cities in India and explores the roles of relevant sociodemographic factors...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726000/illness-perception-in-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#19
Alessandra Pokrajac-Bulian, Neala Ambrosi-Randić
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship of illness perception with different aspects of cardiac anxiety, general anxiety and depression in a sample of male and female overweight and obese patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). STUDY DESIGN: The clinical sample included 165 adults (113 males) aged from 32 to 89 years. The patients were admitted to the Department of Cardiology and Cardiac Rehabilitation for a major cardiovascular event, acute myocardial infarction or myocardial revascularization...
May 3, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719354/the-study-of-white-matter-hyperintensity-wmh-and-factors-related-to-geriatric-late-onset-depression
#20
Jinghua Wang, Wei Li, Ling Yue, Bo Hong, Na An, Guanjun Li, Shifu Xiao
Background: Geriatric depression is one of the most common and harmful mental illnesses seen in the elderly. However, there are few studies focusing on the relationship between late-onset depression (LOD) and social and psychological factors, as well as brain structure. Aims: To explore factors related to late-onset depression (LOD) in elderly patients. Methods: 24 first onset LOD patients over 60 years old (meeting ICD-10 diagnostic criteria for depression) and 23 non-depressed elders were selected for inclusion into this study...
February 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
100469
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"