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gender differences in mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993102/examining-the-role-of-sex-in-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors
#1
REVIEW
Kathryn R Fox, Alexander J Millner, Cora E Mukerji, Matthew K Nock
Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, and suicide death exhibit substantial sex differences. Across most countries, men die by suicide more frequently than women; yet, women think about and attempt suicide more frequently than men. Research on sex differences in nonsuicidal self-injury is less developed; however, nonsuicidal self-injury is historically understood as a primarily female phenomenon. This review describes current research on sex differences across SITBs with a focus on factors that moderate these effects, such as age, race, geographic region, and time...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984004/self-reported-psychological-wellbeing-in-adolescents-the-role-of-intellectual-developmental-disability-and-gender
#2
P Boström, J Åsberg Johnels, M Broberg
BACKGROUND: The Wellbeing in Special Education Questionnaire was developed to assess subjective wellbeing in young persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) as this perspective is rarely included in research. The present study explored how ID/DD and gender are related to self-reported wellbeing among adolescents. METHOD: Students with (n = 110) or without (n = 110) ID/DD, aged 12-16 years, completed the Wellbeing in Special Education Questionnaire...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955499/impact-of-tocilizumab-monotherapy-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-from-two-randomised-controlled-trials
#3
Vibeke Strand, Margaret Michalska, Christine Birchwood, Jinglan Pei, Katie Tuckwell, Rebecca Finch, Cem Gabay, Arthur Kavanaugh, Graeme Jones
OBJECTIVE: Two randomised controlled trials, AMBITION (NCT00109408) and ADACTA (NCT01119859), showed tocilizumab (TCZ) monotherapy superior to methotrexate (MTX) and adalimumab (ADA) monotherapy, respectively, for improving rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity. This study compared the benefit of TCZ versus MTX or ADA monotherapy for improving patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in patients with RA. METHODS: PROs included patient global assessment (PtGA), pain, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue and Short Form-36 (SF-36) physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) and eight domain scores...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945183/cigarette-smoking-by-patients-with-serious-mental-illness-1999-2016-an-increasing-disparity
#4
Faith Dickerson, Jennifer Schroeder, Emily Katsafanas, Sunil Khushalani, Andrea E Origoni, Christina Savage, Lucy Schweinfurth, Catherine R Stallings, Kevin Sweeney, Robert H Yolken
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence of cigarette smoking and the quantity of cigarettes consumed by individuals with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and those without a psychiatric disorder in the period 1999-2016. METHOD: A total of 1,938 individuals provided information about their cigarette smoking at enrollment into a research study for which they were selected without regard to their smoking status. Differences among groups and trends over time in smoking and cigarette consumption were examined by using multivariate models...
September 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941119/sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-levels-in-people-with-schizophrenia-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-a-global-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha, Mats Hallgren, Michel Probst, Philip B Ward, Fiona Gaughran, Marc De Hert, André F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
People with severe mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder) die up to 15 years prematurely due to chronic somatic comorbidities. Sedentary behavior and low physical activity are independent yet modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in these people. A comprehensive meta-analysis exploring these risk factors is lacking in this vulnerable population. We conducted a meta-analysis investigating sedentary behavior and physical activity levels and their correlates in people with severe mental illness...
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915274/prevalence-of-mind-and-body-exercises-mbe-in-relation-to-demographics-self-rated-health-and-purchases-of-prescribed-psychotropic-drugs-and-analgesics
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lina Rådmark, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Eva Bojner Horwitz, Walter Osika
This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. METHODS: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895262/physical-and-mental-health-of-young-people-with-and-without-intellectual-disabilities-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-whole-country-population
#7
G Young-Southward, E Rydzewska, C Philo, S-A Cooper
BACKGROUND: Transition to adulthood may be a period of vulnerability for health for individuals with intellectual disabilities. No large-scale studies have compared the health of individuals with and without intellectual disabilities undergoing transition. The aims of this study were (1) to compare health during transition for individuals with and without intellectual disabilities across a whole country population and (2) to establish whether transition is associated with health in the population with intellectual disabilities...
October 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891409/health-among-schoolchildren-from-the-school-nurse-s-perspective
#8
Ann-Sofi Ellertsson, Pernilla Garmy, Eva K Clausson
The aim of the study was to investigate Swedish school nurses' perceptions of schoolchildren's health. The study is based on two national surveys in which school nurses responded to questions about schoolchildren's health in 2015 ( n = 181) and 2005 ( n = 129). A statistical comparison showed that physical and mental health of schoolchildren in high-risk areas was perceived as worse than that of children in low-risk areas. There were no differences regarding the number of spontaneous visits or consulting reasons related to gender in high- and low-risk areas...
October 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883748/the-predictive-effect-of-medical-illnesses-for-mental-health-care-in-adolescence-a-register-based-study
#9
Max Karukivi, Kirsi-Maria Haapasalo-Pesu
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a developmentally sensitive stage, during which a medical illness may have an effect on individual development, and vice versa. Chronic medical illnesses in adolescents have been associated with psychiatric symptoms. The aim of the present register-based pilot study was to assess whether, and to what extent, different medical diagnoses predict subsequent use of mental health services among adolescents. METHODS: The study material comprised data on visits to a pediatric clinic by 12- to 16-year-old adolescent patients over a period of 5 years...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877614/recovery-from-depression-a-systematic-review-of-perceptions-and-associated-factors
#10
Kathryn Richardson, Michael Barkham
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive literature examining perceptions of recovery from severe mental illness, literature focusing on recovery from depression in adults is limited. AIM: Systematically review the existing literature investigating patients' and clinicians' perceptions of, and factors associated with, recovery from depression. METHOD: Studies investigating perceptions of, and factors associated with, recovery from depression in adults were identified through database searches...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865253/why-did-life-expectancy-decline-in-the-united-states-in-2015-a-gender-specific-analysis
#11
Francesco Acciai, Glenn Firebaugh
In 2015, age-adjusted mortality rates increased for 8 of the 10 leading causes of death in the United States. As a result, life expectancy declined by 0.17 years for both women and men. The decline could be just an anomaly, or it could represent the start of a new trend of stagnation or decline in life expectancy, as some scholars have warned. The first step is to determine the sources of the decline. In this study we analyze the contribution of specific causes of death to the decline in men's versus women's life expectancy, as well as the mechanisms that generated the decline...
October 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837938/the-relations-between-inadequate-parent-child-boundaries-and-borderline-personality-disorder-in-adolescence
#12
Salome Vanwoerden, Allison Kalpakci, Carla Sharp
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a severe mental illness that onsets in adolescence. Research has demonstrated the central role of parent-child relationships for the development and maintenance of BPD although more research is necessary to clarify the specific dynamics that relate to BPD during adolescence. Based on preliminary research establishing the importance of parent-child boundaries for adolescent BPD, this study sought to evaluate the relations between different forms of inadequate boundaries and BPD in adolescence using a multi-method approach...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833472/youth-suicide-deaths-investigation-of-clinical-predictors-in-a-statewide-sample
#13
Brooks R Keeshin, Doug Gray, Chong Zhang, Angela P Presson, Hilary Coon
Death by suicide is a significant cause of mortality among youth. However, there is limited information on the demographic and clinical factors associated with youth suicide deaths. The objective of this study was to link large statewide databases to describe demographic, clinical, and cause of death characteristics among youth who died by suicide. We examined 1,218 decedents under age 26 who died by suicie between 2000 and 2014. Eighteen died before age 12, 53 died between ages 12 and 14, 292 died between ages 15 and 18, and 855 died between ages 19 and 25...
August 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831256/comorbidity-of-schizophrenia-and-social-phobia-impact-on-quality-of-life-hope-and-personality-traits-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Kristyna Vrbova, Jan Prasko, Marie Ociskova, Michaela Holubova
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to explore whether the comorbidity of social phobia affects symptoms severity, positive and negative symptoms, self-stigma, hope, and quality of life in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study in which all participants completed the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) scale, Adult Dispositional Hope Scale (ADHS), Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q), Temperament and Character Inventory - Revised (TCI-R), and the demographic questionnaire...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818160/determination-of-mean-glycated-haemoglobin-in-healthy-adults-of-a-local-population
#15
Sumbal Nida, Dilshad Ahmed Khan, Aamir Ijaz, Muhammad Qaiser Alam Khan, Hira Aleef, Maria Abbasi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean hemoglobin HbA1C levels of disease-free adults in a local population and its optimum cutoff for the diagnosis of diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Chemical Pathology and Endocrinology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, from January to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: Healthy subjects aged 18 years and above of either gender were recruited from local population...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#16
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776113/the-impact-of-copayments-on-mental-healthcare-utilization-a-natural-experiment
#17
Timo R Lambregts, René C J A van Vliet
Empirical evidence suggests that people are fairly sensitive to cost sharing arrangements in ambulatory mental healthcare. However, pure cost sharing effects are typically hard to measure due to the presence of adverse selection effects. In this paper, we examine the impact of cost sharing on mental healthcare utilization in the context of mandatory health insurance where adverse selection is absent. Using a large proprietary dataset of a Dutch private health insurer, we examine to what extent a new copayment scheme for adult mental healthcare changed healthcare utilization...
August 3, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774479/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-cancer
#18
Héctor E Alcalá, A Janet Tomiyama, Ondine S von Ehrenstein
OBJECTIVES: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked to a variety of diseases in adulthood, including cancer. However, current research has yet to determine if all abuse types are associated with cancer and if women are more adversely impacted by ACEs than men. METHODS: Data from the 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a national survey of American adults 18 and older (N = 111,964) were analyzed. Logistic regression models were fit to estimate odds of ever being diagnosed with cancer after experiencing one or more of eight different ACEs, while adjusting for potential confounders...
July 31, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728525/gender-differences-in-causes-of-death-among-persons-with-hiv-aids-in-san-francisco-california-1996-2013
#19
Nancy A Hessol, Sandra K Schwarcz, Ling Chin Hsu, Martha Shumway, Edward L Machtinger
The objective was to examine gender differences in causes of death using the San Francisco HIV/AIDS and death registries. Data from San Francisco residents diagnosed with HIV/AIDS who died from 1996 to 2013 were analyzed. Age, race/ethnicity, year, and gender-adjusted standardized mortality ratios and Poisson 95% confidence intervals were calculated for underlying causes of death. Among the 6268 deaths, deaths attributed to drug use, mental disorders due to substance use, cerebrovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, renal disease, and septicemia were more likely among women than among men...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715985/mental-disorders-among-criminal-offenders-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Emily D Gottfried, Sheresa C Christopher
This article examines mental illness among adult, juvenile, male, female, jail, and prison inmates. It also explores the way in which mental health diagnoses impact offending and violent behavior. A review of literature pertaining to differences between the genders and age of offenders suggests that psychiatric disorders are more common among criminal offenders than the population at large. Furthermore, it appears that many mentally ill offenders do not receive sufficient treatment during their incarcerations and that barriers inherent to incarceration prevent adequate treatment of mental illnesses...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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