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gender differences in mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217352/relationship-between-individual-categories-of-adverse-childhood-experience-and-diabetes-in-adulthood-in-a-sample-of-us-adults-does-it-differ-by-gender
#1
Jennifer A Campbell, Gail C Farmer, Selena Nguyen-Rodriguez, Rebekah Walker, Leonard Egede
AIMS: ACEs are known to increase risk for diabetes in adulthood. However, little is known about the differential impact of individual ACE categories on diabetes risk, and whether this relationship is gender specific. METHODS: Data from the 2011 BRFSS was used in this study. Participants included 48,526 adults who completed the ACE module across 5 states. Using logistic regression, we examined the odds of diabetes in adulthood related to eight individual categories of ACEs: sexual abuse, physical abuse, verbal abuse, mental illness, substance abuse, incarceration, separation/divorce, and violence...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200802/voluntary-and-involuntary-singlehood-and-young-adults-mental-health-an-investigation-of-mediating-role-of-romantic-loneliness
#2
Katarzyna Adamczyk
The present study tested the hypothesis that single young adults who perceive their singlehood as voluntary would report a higher level of positive mental health (i.e., emotional, psychological and social well-being), lower levels of mental health illness (i.e., somatic symptoms, anxiety, social dysfunction, severe depression) and romantic loneliness in comparison to young adults who perceive their singlehood as involuntary. This paper also investigated whether romantic loneliness mediates the relationship between voluntary and involuntary singlehood, positive mental health, and mental health illness...
2017: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196773/effects-of-contact-based-mental-illness-stigma-reduction-programs-age-gender-and-asian-latino-and-white-american-differences
#3
Eunice C Wong, Rebecca L Collins, Jennifer L Cerully, Jennifer W Yu, Rachana Seelam
PURPOSE: Mental illness stigma disproportionately affects help seeking among youth, men, and ethnic minorities. As part of a comprehensive statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination in California, a broad set of contact-based educational programs were widely disseminated. This study examined whether the effects of contact-based educational programs varied depending on the age, gender, and race-ethnicity of participants. METHODS: Participants (N = 4122) attended a contact-based educational program that was delivered as part of the statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination...
December 2, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135124/are-male-cancer-patients-more-affected-by-losing-their-jobs-than-female-patients-gender-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationship-between-losing-the-job-and-well-being-in-a-sample-of-romanian-cancer-patients
#4
Eva Kallay, Csaba L Degi, Sebastian Pintea
PURPOSE: Research indicates the heightened need of cancer patients to return to work, which would be beneficial for their emotional/mental health and well-being. The major aim of this study was to identify the overall effect of losing the job upon different dimensions of well-being, and possible gender differences related to this influence. METHODS: A sample of 800 Romanian cancer patients was screened in 2014 (461 female and 338 male). RESULTS: Our results indicate that losing one's job after being diagnosed with cancer affects male more than female patients on the physical, emotional, and functional dimensions of well-being...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104802/a-rasch-analysis-between-schizophrenic-patients-and-the-general-population
#5
Frederic Denis, Pablo Bizien, Stéphanie Tubert-Jeannin, Mohamad Hamad, Benoit Trojak, Nathalie Rude, Jean-Benoit Hardouin
Background: The aim of this study was to test the General Oral Health Assessment Index Questionnaire (GOHAI) items for differential item functioning (DIF) according to demographic characteristics (gender, age) and mental health status (schizophrenic disorders versus general population) using Rasch analysis. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using aggregated baseline data from a validation study of the GOHAI in the French general population (GP) and similar validation study in persons with schizophrenia (PWS)...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102835/the-differential-association-between-history-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-body-mass-index-in-early-and-late-stages-of-bipolar-disorder
#6
Emilie Leclerc, Rodrigo B Mansur, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Quirino Cordeiro, Flavio Kapczinski, Roger S McIntyre, Elisa Brietzke
BACKGROUND: History of distal stressors such as childhood trauma is a well-established, non-specific vulnerability factor for multiple mental illnesses. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible association between history of childhood trauma and body mass index (BMI) in individuals in early and late stages of bipolar disorder (BD) and to verify is there was any difference in the association of sexual abuse history and obesity in early versus late stages of BD. METHODS: Seventy-one euthymic BD-type I patients and eighty-one healthy controls were evaluated using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and body mass index (BMI)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092669/the-clinical-impact-of-a-positive-family-history-of-psychosis-or-mental-illness-in-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-mentally-ill-adolescents
#7
Saeeda Paruk, Khatija Jhazbhay, Keshika Singh, Benn Sartorius, Jonathan K Burns
BACKGROUND: A family history of psychosis is associated with negative clinical characteristics of psychosis. AIM: We aimed to determine the relationship between a family history (in first-degree relatives) of psychosis (FHP) or of any mental illness (FHM), and the clinical features (including cannabis use) of first episode early onset psychosis (EOP). METHOD: Forty-five adolescents with first episode EOP presenting to psychiatric services were assessed by clinical interview with the following tools: socio-demographic questionnaire, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Symptom Onset in Schizophrenia (SOS) inventory, and the World Health Organisation's (WHO) Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) for cannabis misuse...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070956/the-role-of-secure-attachment-empathic-self-efficacy-and-stress-perception-in-causal-beliefs-related-to-mental-illness-a-cross-cultural-study-italy-versus-israel
#8
Stefania Mannarini, Alisa Reikher, Sharon Shani, Inbal Shani-Zinovich
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that "mental illness etiological beliefs" and attitudes toward mentally ill people are significantly related; it has also been demonstrated that adult attachment style and empathic self-efficacy affect such attitudes. Moreover, community or regional culture has a significant impact on etiology beliefs and attitudes toward the mentally sick. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out this study in Italy and Israel among psychology students to compare two cultures in regards to causal beliefs of mental disorders and the roles that specific variables, such as secure attachment, empathic self-efficacy, and stress, play in etiological beliefs...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067048/illness-perceptions-in-patients-of-schizophrenia-a-preliminary-investigation-from-lahore-pakistan
#9
Sadia Hussain, Nazish Imran, Usman Amin Hotiana, Nauman Mazhar, Aftab Asif
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patient's perception of their illness influences their healthcare decisions. The objectives of this study were to explore patient's own beliefs about their illness (Schizophrenia) and perceived social support, and its impact on their attitudes toward pharmacological treatment in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: This study was conducted at Mayo Hospital Lahore from March to September 2016. Hundred individuals suffering from Schizophrenia completed four questionnaires; a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Illness Perception Questionnaire for Schizophrenia(IPQ-S), Drug attitude Inventory-10 (DAI) and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (PSS)...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063119/-inflammatory-mechanism-of-depression-and-its-new-strategy%C3%A2-for-diagnosis-and%C3%A2-treatment
#10
Wen-Jun Su, Zhi-Yong Cao, Chun-Lei Jiang
Depression is a major class of mental illness; owing to its high prevalence, high disability rate and heavy disease burden, it has become a stern and formidable global health problem. It is generally believed that the etiology of depression is multifactorial, which is related to gender differences, chronic stress, dietary behavior and drug abuse. At present, the exact pathophysiological mechanism of depression still remains unclear, but researchers across the globe put forward various hypotheses to interpret the possible access to this disease, including monoamine neurotransmitter disturbance, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction, lack of neurotrophic factors and excessive pro-inflammatory cytokines...
October 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042379/stigma-among-singaporean-youth-a-cross-sectional-study-on-adolescent-attitudes-towards-serious-mental-illness-and-social-tolerance-in-a-multiethnic-population
#11
Shirlene Pang, Jianlin Liu, Mithila Mahesh, Boon Yiang Chua, Shazana Shahwan, Siau Pheng Lee, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Edimansyah Abdin, Daniel Shuen Sheng Fung, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: Stigma against mental illnesses is one of the significant obstacles faced by mental health service users and providers. It can develop at a young age and is also influenced by culture. Youths in Southeast Asian countries are under-represented in mental health research, thus this study aims to explore the dimensions of stigma and social tolerance and examine its correlates in the younger, multiethnic population of Singapore. DESIGN: An online survey collected data with sociodemographic questions, the Attitudes Towards Serious Mental Illness (Adolescent version) Scale, Social Tolerance Scale and an open-text question on words or phrases participants associated with the term 'mental illness'...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993102/examining-the-role-of-sex-in-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors
#12
REVIEW
Kathryn R Fox, Alexander J Millner, Cora E Mukerji, Matthew K Nock
Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, and suicide death exhibit substantial sex differences. Across most countries, men die by suicide more frequently than women; yet, women think about and attempt suicide more frequently than men. Research on sex differences in nonsuicidal self-injury is less developed; however, nonsuicidal self-injury is historically understood as a primarily female phenomenon. This review describes current research on sex differences across SITBs with a focus on factors that moderate these effects, such as age, race, geographic region, and time...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984004/self-reported-psychological-wellbeing-in-adolescents-the-role-of-intellectual-developmental-disability-and-gender
#13
P Boström, J Åsberg Johnels, M Broberg
BACKGROUND: The Wellbeing in Special Education Questionnaire was developed to assess subjective wellbeing in young persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) as this perspective is rarely included in research. The present study explored how ID/DD and gender are related to self-reported wellbeing among adolescents. METHOD: Students with (n = 110) or without (n = 110) ID/DD, aged 12-16 years, completed the Wellbeing in Special Education Questionnaire...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955499/impact-of-tocilizumab-monotherapy-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-from-two-randomised-controlled-trials
#14
Vibeke Strand, Margaret Michalska, Christine Birchwood, Jinglan Pei, Katie Tuckwell, Rebecca Finch, Cem Gabay, Arthur Kavanaugh, Graeme Jones
OBJECTIVE: Two randomised controlled trials, AMBITION (NCT00109408) and ADACTA (NCT01119859), showed tocilizumab (TCZ) monotherapy superior to methotrexate (MTX) and adalimumab (ADA) monotherapy, respectively, for improving rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity. This study compared the benefit of TCZ versus MTX or ADA monotherapy for improving patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in patients with RA. METHODS: PROs included patient global assessment (PtGA), pain, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue and Short Form-36 (SF-36) physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) and eight domain scores...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945183/cigarette-smoking-by-patients-with-serious-mental-illness-1999-2016-an-increasing-disparity
#15
Faith Dickerson, Jennifer Schroeder, Emily Katsafanas, Sunil Khushalani, Andrea E Origoni, Christina Savage, Lucy Schweinfurth, Catherine R Stallings, Kevin Sweeney, Robert H Yolken
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence of cigarette smoking and the quantity of cigarettes consumed by individuals with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and those without a psychiatric disorder in the period 1999-2016. METHOD: A total of 1,938 individuals provided information about their cigarette smoking at enrollment into a research study for which they were selected without regard to their smoking status. Differences among groups and trends over time in smoking and cigarette consumption were examined by using multivariate models...
September 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941119/sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-levels-in-people-with-schizophrenia-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-a-global-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha, Mats Hallgren, Michel Probst, Philip B Ward, Fiona Gaughran, Marc De Hert, André F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
People with severe mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder) die up to 15 years prematurely due to chronic somatic comorbidities. Sedentary behavior and low physical activity are independent yet modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in these people. A comprehensive meta-analysis exploring these risk factors is lacking in this vulnerable population. We conducted a meta-analysis investigating sedentary behavior and physical activity levels and their correlates in people with severe mental illness...
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915274/prevalence-of-mind-and-body-exercises-mbe-in-relation-to-demographics-self-rated-health-and-purchases-of-prescribed-psychotropic-drugs-and-analgesics
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lina Rådmark, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Eva Bojner Horwitz, Walter Osika
This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. METHODS: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895262/physical-and-mental-health-of-young-people-with-and-without-intellectual-disabilities-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-whole-country-population
#18
G Young-Southward, E Rydzewska, C Philo, S-A Cooper
BACKGROUND: Transition to adulthood may be a period of vulnerability for health for individuals with intellectual disabilities. No large-scale studies have compared the health of individuals with and without intellectual disabilities undergoing transition. The aims of this study were (1) to compare health during transition for individuals with and without intellectual disabilities across a whole country population and (2) to establish whether transition is associated with health in the population with intellectual disabilities...
October 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891409/health-among-schoolchildren-from-the-school-nurse-s-perspective
#19
Ann-Sofi Ellertsson, Pernilla Garmy, Eva K Clausson
The aim of the study was to investigate Swedish school nurses' perceptions of schoolchildren's health. The study is based on two national surveys in which school nurses responded to questions about schoolchildren's health in 2015 ( n = 181) and 2005 ( n = 129). A statistical comparison showed that physical and mental health of schoolchildren in high-risk areas was perceived as worse than that of children in low-risk areas. There were no differences regarding the number of spontaneous visits or consulting reasons related to gender in high- and low-risk areas...
October 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883748/the-predictive-effect-of-medical-illnesses-for-mental-health-care-in-adolescence-a-register-based-study
#20
Max Karukivi, Kirsi-Maria Haapasalo-Pesu
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a developmentally sensitive stage, during which a medical illness may have an effect on individual development, and vice versa. Chronic medical illnesses in adolescents have been associated with psychiatric symptoms. The aim of the present register-based pilot study was to assess whether, and to what extent, different medical diagnoses predict subsequent use of mental health services among adolescents. METHODS: The study material comprised data on visits to a pediatric clinic by 12- to 16-year-old adolescent patients over a period of 5 years...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
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