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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604330/infection-and-tissue-repair-of-experimental-cutaneous-candidiasis-in-diabetic-mice
#1
Andréia Carla Eugenio Pupim, Tacito Graminha Campois, Eduardo José de Almeida Araújo, Terezinha Inez Estivalet Svidizinski, Ionice Felipe
PURPOSE: Diabetic patients seem to be predisposed to cutaneous candidiasis. In this study, we evaluated the interference of diabetic conditions in alloxan-induced diabetic mice in relation to the development of C. albicans infection, density of M1 and M2 macrophages, distribution of collagen type I and III and anti-inflamamatory cytokines involved in tissue repair. METHODOLOGY: The mice were treated with intravenous alloxan, and all animals with blood glucose levels >250  mg dl-1 were inoculate with C...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602757/achillea-asiatica-extract-and-its-active-compounds-induce-cutaneous-wound-healing
#2
Banzragch Dorjsembe, Hee Ju Lee, Myungsuk Kim, Batsuren Dulamjav, Tunsag Jigjid, Chu Won Nho
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Achillea asiatica Serg. is a perennial herb belonging to the Asteraceae family that has long been traditionally used to treat acute intestinal and stomach inflammation, persistent fever, ulcers, wounds, and rheumatism. AIM OF THE STUDY: We investigated the effect of A. asiatica extract (AAE) on cutaneous wound healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To assess the effect of AAE on wounds, an incisional Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat model was topically treated with AAE for 2 weeks...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511390/expression-of-angiogenic-factors-in-psoriasis-vulgaris
#3
Lakshna Sankar, Dhanalakshmi Arumugam, Sudha Boj, Priyanka Pradeep
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by epidermal hyperproliferation, abnormal differentiation and inflammatory infiltration in the dermis. The dermal microvascular expansion associated with abnormal orientation and dilatation of capillaries in the biopsies of the psoriatic skin suggest that the disease is dependent on angiogenesis. AIM: To analyze and compare the immunohistochemical expression of angiogenic factors - Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), von Willebrand Factor (vWF) and CD 34 in skin biopsies of psoriasis cases with control skin samples; and to correlate the expression of angiogenic factors with Psoriasis Area and Severity Clinical Index (PASI SCORE)...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428059/the-decreased-growth-performance-and-impaired-immune-function-and-structural-integrity-by-dietary-iron-deficiency-or-excess-are-associated-with-tor-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p38mapk-nrf2-and-mlck-signaling-in-head-kidney-spleen-and-skin-of-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#4
Yan-Lin Guo, Wei-Dan Jiang, Pei Wu, Yang Liu, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Lin Feng
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary iron on the growth, and immune function and structural integrity in head kidney, spleen and skin as well as the underlying signaling of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Total 630 grass carp (242.32 ± 0.58 g) were fed diets containing graded levels of iron at 12.15 (basal diet), 35.38, 63.47, 86.43, 111.09, 136.37 mg/kg (diets 2-6 were added with ferrous fumarate) and 73.50 mg/kg (diet 7 was added with ferrous sulfate) diet for 60 days...
April 18, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195079/update-on-etiopathogenesis-and-treatment-of-acne
#5
REVIEW
Yasmeen Jabeen Bhat, Insha Latief, Iffat Hassan
Acne, the most common skin disease, is a disorder of pilosebaceous units that affects adolescents mainly and adults occasionally. The pathogenesis is multifactorial. Besides genetic predisposition, other major factors include the action of androgens, pro-inflammatory lipids acting as ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors in the sebocytes, toll-like receptor-2 acting on keratinocytes, recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns, cytokines, chemokines, inflammasomes, neuroendocrine regulatory mechanisms, diet and other pro-inflammatory targets implicated in the activation of immune detection and response...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192254/effect-of-dietary-phosphorus-deficiency-on-the-growth-immune-function-and-structural-integrity-of-head-kidney-spleen-and-skin-in-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#6
Kang Chen, Wei-Dan Jiang, Pei Wu, Yang Liu, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Lin Feng
This study evaluates the effects of dietary phosphorus on the growth, immune function and structural integrity (head kidney, spleen and skin) of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) that were fed graded levels of available phosphorus (0.95-8.75 g/kg diet). Results indicated that phosphorus deficiency decreased the growth performance of young grass carp. In addition, the results first demonstrated that compared with the optimal phosphorus level, phosphorus deficiency depressed the lysozyme (LZ) and acid phosphatase (ACP) activities and the complement 3 (C3), C4 and immunoglobulin M (IgM) contents, and down-regulated the mRNA levels of antimicrobial peptides, anti-inflammatory cytokines, inhibitor of κBα (IκBα) and target of rapamycin (TOR), whereas it up-regulated pro-inflammatory cytokines, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 and NF-κB p52 mRNA levels to decrease fish head kidney and spleen immune functions...
April 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115750/models-for-the-study-of-skin-wound-healing-the-role-of-nrf2-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#7
Nikola Ambrozova, Jitka Ulrichova, Adela Galandakova
Nrf2 and NF-κB transcription factors act in wound healing via their anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects or through the immune response. Studying this process is a matter of some importance given the high cost of wound treatment. A major contribution in this regard is being made by models that enable investigation of the involvement of multiple factors in wound healing and testing new curative substances. This literature review was carried out via searches in the PubMed and Web of Science databases up to 2016...
January 6, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110689/cannabinoids-possible-agents-for-treatment-of-psoriasis-via-suppression-of-angiogenesis-and-inflammation
#8
Amir Hossein Norooznezhad, Fatemeh Norooznezhad
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease also affecting other sites such as joints. This disease highly depends on inflammation and angiogenesis as well as other pathways. At each step of the psoriasis molecular pathway, different inflammatory cytokines and angiogenic growth factors are involved such as hypoxia inducible factor-1 α (HIF-1 α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalo proteinases (MMPs), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), Angiopoitin-2, interleukin-8 (IL-8), IL-17, and IL-2. Beside the mentioned growth factors and cytokines, cellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) which play roles in both angiogenesis and inflammation are also involved in the pathogenesis...
February 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052512/innate-immunity-in-cutaneous-melanoma
#9
REVIEW
C Mignogna, E Scali, C Camastra, I Presta, P Zeppa, T Barni, G Donato, U Bottoni, A Di Vito
The skin immune system is composed of a vast network of immune cells, including lymphocytes, macrophages, neutrophils, dendritic cells and Langerhans cells, which not only are involved in inflammatory responses but also contribute to homeostatic function and may participate in the various steps of carcinogenesis. Many studies support the notion that innate immunity has a key role in the development, growth and prognosis of cutaneous malignant melanoma (MM), through the release of pro- and/or anti-inflammatory cytokines and tumour growth factors...
January 4, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620176/novel-fish-oil-based-bigel-system-for-controlled-drug-delivery-and-its-influence-on-immunomodulatory-activity-of-imiquimod-against-skin-cancer
#10
Khurram Rehman, Mohd Hanif Zulfakar
PURPOSE: To characterize bigel system as a topical drug delivery vehicle and to establish the immunomodulatory role of imiquimod-fish oil combination against skin cancer and inflammation resulting from chemical carcinogenesis. METHODS: Imiquimod-loaded fish oil bigel colloidal system was prepared using a blend of carbopol hydrogel and fish oil oleogel. Bigels were first characterized for their mechanical properties and compared to conventional gel systems. Ex vivo permeation studies were performed on murine skin to analyze the ability of the bigels to transport drug across skin and to predict the release mechanism via mathematical modelling...
January 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594930/black-raspberries-in-cancer-clinical-trials-past-present-and-future
#11
Laura A Kresty, Susan R Mallery, Gary D Stoner
BACKGROUND: Black raspberries (BRB) inhibit a broad range of cancers in preclinical models, including in vivo models of oral, esophageal, colon, breast and skin cancer. Promising preclinical results have led to clinical evaluations in cancer patients or patients at increased risk for cancer development. OBJECTIVE: To summarize clinical investigations targeting cancer or precancerous lesions with BRB and discuss future directions. METHODS: A thorough literature search was conducted through December 1, 2015 to identify all published studies evaluating BRB in cancer focused clinical trials...
2016: Journal of Berry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574828/role-of-dietary-ginger-zingiber-officinale-in-improving-growth-performances-and-immune-functions-of-labeo-rohita-fingerlings
#12
Venkatachalam Sukumaran, Se Chang Park, Sib Sankar Giri
This study evaluated the effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale) as a feeding supplement on the growth, skin mucus immune parameters, and cytokine-related gene expression of Labeo rohita, and its susceptibility to Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Diets containing six different concentrations of dried ginger (0% [basal diet], 0.2% [G2], 0.4% [G4], 0.6% [G6], 0.8% [G8], and 1.0% [G10] were fed to fish (average weight: 12.3 g) for 60 days. Growth parameters were examined at 30 and 60 days post-feeding. Skin mucosal immune responses and gene expression were examined 60 days post-feeding...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557877/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-augments-therapeutic-effects-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-skin-wound-healing
#13
Min Li, Jingxing Xu, Tongxin Shi, Haiyang Yu, Jianping Bi, Guanzhi Chen
In non-healing wounds, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC)-based therapies have the potential to activate a series of coordinated cellular processes, including angiogenesis, inflammation, cell migration, proliferation and epidermal terminal differentiation. As pro-inflammatory reactions play indispensable roles in initiating wound repair, sustained and prolonged inflammation exhibit detrimental effects on skin wound closure. We investigated the feasibility of using an antioxidant agent epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), along with MSCs, to improve wound repair through their immunomodulatory actions...
August 25, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422756/methionine-hydroxy-analogue-enhanced-fish-immunity-via-modulation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-tor-mlck-mapks-and-nrf2-signaling-in-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#14
Fei-Yu Pan, Lin Feng, Wei-Dan Jiang, Jun Jiang, Pei Wu, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Yang Liu
Our study investigated the effect of dietary methionine hydroxy analogue (MHA) on growth and immunity (head kidney, spleen and skin) of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 630 grass carp (259.70 ± 0.47 g) were fed graded levels of MHA (0, 2.4, 4.4, 6.4, 8.5 and 10.5 g/kg diet) and one dl-methionine (DLM) group (6.4 g/kg diet) for 8 weeks. At the end of the feeding trial, fish were challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila for 14 days. The results indicated that optimal MHA increased lysozyme (LZ) and acid phosphatase (ACP) activities, complement 3 (C3), C4 and immunoglobulin M (IgM) contents and up-regulated mRNA levels of liver expressed antimicrobial peptide 2, hepcidin (head kidney), β-defensin-1 in the immune organs (P < 0...
September 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329781/struthanthus-vulgaris-ointment-prevents-an-over-expression-of-inflammatory-response-and-accelerates-the-cutaneous-wound-healing
#15
Luciane Souza Dos Santos Gramma, Franciane Martins Marques, Cátia Vittorazzi, Thiago Antônio Moretti de Andrade, Marco Andrey Cipriani Frade, Tadeu Uggere de Andrade, Denise Coutinho Endringer, Rodrigo Scherer, Marcio Fronza
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Struthanthus vulgaris (Vell.) Mart. (Loranthaceae) has been largely used in traditional folk medicine in Brazil as an anti-inflammatory agent and to treat various skin disorders, including wounds. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To investigated the influence of 5% Struthanthus vulgaris ointment during cutaneous wound healing in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty Wistar rats were used in each group according the daily treatment, S...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27157598/dietary-low-or-excess-levels-of-lipids-reduced-growth-performance-and-impaired-immune-function-and-structure-of-head-kidney-spleen-and-skin-in-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-under-the-infection-of-aeromonas-hydrophila
#16
Pei-Jun Ni, Wei-Dan Jiang, Pei Wu, Yang Liu, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Lin Feng
Our study explored the effect of dietary lipids on growth and immunity and structure (head kidney, spleen and skin) of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 540 young grass carp with an average initial weight of 261.41 ± 0.53 g were fed diets containing six graded levels of lipids at 5.9-80.1 g/kg diet for 8 weeks. After that, a challenge trial was conducted by injection of Aeromonas hydrophila over 2 weeks. The results indicated that compared with optimal lipids supplementation, low and excess levels of lipids down-regulated the mRNA levels of antimicrobial peptides, anti-inflammatory cytokines, inhibitor of κBα (IκBα) and ribosomal p70S6 kinase (S6K1), and up-regulated pro-inflammatory cytokines, nuclear factor κB p65 (NF-κB p65), NF-κB c-Rel (not p52), IκB kinase α (IKKα), IKKβ, IKKγ, and eIF4E-binding protein (4EBP) mRNA levels in the head kidney and spleen of young grass carp (P < 0...
August 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149136/paraneoplastic-scleroderma-are-there-any-clues
#17
Hana Jedlickova, Veronika Durčanská, Vladimír Vašků
Dear Editor, Scleroderma associated with neoplasia is rare, with only a small number of cases reported. We describe 4 patients with paraneoplastic scleroderma who were treated at the I. Department of Dermatovenereology, St. Anna Hospital, during the period between 2004 and 2014. The patients were diagnosed with cholangiogenic carcinoma, endometrial carcinoma, prostatic adenocarcinoma, and adenoma of the suprarenal gland. In the case of concurrent scleroderma and tumor, four situations may occur: they can develop independently of each other; scleroderma may be induced by the tumor; the tumor can develop in the scleroderma; or the tumor can be induced by immunosuppressive therapy...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098624/fibroblast-growth-factor-23-and-placental-growth-factor-in-patients-with-psoriasis-and-their-relation-to-disease-severity
#18
Gökhan Okan, Adile Merve Baki, Eda Yorulmaz, Semra Doğru-Abbasoğlu, Pervin Vural
PURPOSE: Psoriasis is an immune-mediated skin disease characterised by accentuated keratinocyte proliferation, hyperkeratinisation, leukocyte and T-lymphocyte chemotaxis, and neoangiogenesis. Chronic inflammation, imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and many angiogenic mediators has been implicated in the disease etiopathogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether psoriasis is related to fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and placental growth factor (PLGF) - mediators related to insulin resistance (IR), metabolic syndrome, and atherosclerosis...
2016: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944716/dietary-vitamin-c-deficiency-depresses-the-growth-head-kidney-and-spleen-immunity-and-structural-integrity-by-regulating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-tor-nrf2-apoptosis-and-mlck-signaling-in-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#19
Hui-Jun Xu, Wei-Dan Jiang, Lin Feng, Yang Liu, Pei Wu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou
This study investigated the effects of dietary vitamin C on the growth, and head kidney, spleen and skin immunity, structural integrity and related signaling molecules mRNA expression levels of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 540 grass carp (264.37 ± 0.66 g) were fed six diets with graded levels of vitamin C (2.9, 44.2, 89.1, 133.8, 179.4 and 224.5 mg/kg diet) for 10 weeks. Subsequently, a challenge test was conducted by injection of Aeromonas hydrophila and the survival rate recorded for 14 days...
May 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26876681/immunomodulatory-effectiveness-of-fish-oil-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-human-non-melanoma-skin-carcinoma-cells
#20
Khurram Rehman, Mohd Cairul Iqbal Mohd Amin, Ng Pei Yuen, Mohd Hanif Zulfakar
Fish oil is composed of various fatty acids among which omega-3 fatty acids are considered as most beneficial. The effects of fish oil on the activity of a topical anticancer drug, imiquimod, and the immunomodulatory activity of omega-3 fatty acids was investigated in human basal and squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. Imiquimod-fish oil mixture exhibited higher carcinoma cell growth inhibition and immunomodulatory activity than imiquimod alone, especially against squamous cell carcinoma cells. Omega-3 fatty acids exhibited growth inhibition of both basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma cell lines and modulated the immune response...
2016: Journal of Oleo Science
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